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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 771-774, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955313

ABSTRACT

Dry eye disease is a multifactorial disease affecting the ocular surface, lacrimal glands and meibomian glands.Its incidence is gradually increasing and tends to occur in the younger.Its main features are ocular surface inflammation caused by tear film instability and high osmotic pressure of tears.Moreover, there is a vicious circle between inflammation and ocular surface damage.Immune-related inflammatory responses play a key role in this process.Regulatory T cell (Treg) is a subset of T cells with immunoregulatory functions, which are closely related to the occurrence and development of dry eye, and can inhibit the inflammation of dry eyes by acting on antigen-presenting cells and T helper cell (Th)1/Th17.Recent studies have shown that Treg in dry eye is abnormal in number or function and closely related to the risk factors of dry eye such as age and gender.In addition, by increasing the number of Tregs and promoting their differentiation to alleviate inflammatory response can provide new treatment strategies in dry eye.The correlation between Treg and dry eye and its related research in the pathogenesis and treatment of dry eye were reviewed in this article.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2387-2391, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish and apply the intervention model of professional attitude for nursing undergraduates in universities of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and to explore its effect on the professional attitude of the nursing undergraduates.Methods:The study started in August 2018 included two steps. The first step was to develop intervention model of professional attitude for nursing undergraduates in universities of TCM based on the three-stage theory of Kelman ′s attitude formation and with Delphi method. After two rounds of expert consultation, the intervention model of professional attitude for nursing undergraduates in universities of TCM was finally formed, including three intervention stages, a total of 41 intervention measurements. The second step was to use the historical control research method. Grade 2016 nursing undergraduate (the year 2016—2020) in Beijing University of Chinese Medicine was taken as the experimental group ( n=86) and adopted the intervention model. Grade 2012 nursing undergraduate (the year 2012—2016) in the same university was taken as the control group ( n=56) and did not adopted the intervention model during their university study. The two groups were continuously evaluated by "Scale for Nurse ′s Professional Attitude" during their four years in the university. The measurement time was within one week of admission and the 16th week of the second semester of each academic year, with a total of 5 times of measurement. Results:Repeated measurement design showed that the scores of Scale for Nurse′s Professional Attitude of the two groups changed with time. At the end of the first year, the score of the scale in the experimental group was (6.06±0.95) points, higher than (5.41±1.08) points of the control group ( t value was 3.765, P<0.001). There was no difference between the two groups at other time points ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The intervention model of professional attitude for nursing undergraduates in universities of TCM has good operability and can improve the professional attitude of nursing undergraduates in universities of TCM during their freshman year. The intervention model needs to be further adjusted to improve the professional attitude in the subsequent learning stage.

3.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2088-2093, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752875

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells have been induced into islet-like cell mass in vitro. However, little researches reported on the morphological changes of cells, the types of endocrine cells in the islet-like cell mass and their relationships. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphological changes of cells in the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells into islet-like structure and to explore the composition and distribution of endocrine cells. METHODS: Passage 3 bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells growing well were cultured and expanded until the cell colonies occupies 80% of the bottom of the culture bottle, and the pancreatic tissue lysate was added for continuous induction. Dithizone staining was used to screen the islet-like cell mass directly differentiated from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. The types and distribution of endocrine cells were identified by Mallory staining. Expressions of insulin, C-peptide, glucagon and somatostatin protein were detected by immunofluorescence cytochemical staining. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Dithizone staining showed that the number of positive cells was increased over the induction time. (2) Mallory staining showed the red α-like cells were located in the periphery of the islet-like cell mass, the yellow β-like cells located in the center and periphery, and the light blue fibroblasts were distributed around the cell mass. (3) Immunofluorescence staining showed insulin, C-peptide, glucagon and somatostatin positive cells in the islet-like cell mass. To conclude, under certain microenvironment, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells can differentiate into islet-like structures which containing α, β, δ-like cells, and are surrounded by fibroblast-like cells.

4.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1974-1979, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614471

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been induced to differentiate into cardiomyocyte-like cells in vitro.OBJECTIVE:To explore the association between GATA-4, Nkx-2.5 and α-myosin heavy chain (α-MHC) expression and cell morphological changes and structure formation in the process of BMSCs differentiation into cardiomyocyte-like cells.METHODS:By using myocardial lysate, BMSCs were induced to differentiate into cardiomyocytes.Immunocytochemistry staining was used to detect cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and connexin43, for the identification of cardiomyocytes. In the process of directional differentiation, RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of GATA-4,Nkx2.5 and α-MHC.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:During the directional differentiation of BMSCs, the cells were changed from long fusiform to short rod, forming protrusions that were interconnected to form mesh-like, bamboo-like or myotube-like structure. When the cells were interconnected like a bamboo, cTNT and connexin43 positive cells were visible, and then the number of positive cells increased with the presence of myotube-like structure. RT-PCR results showed that during the induced directional differentiation of BMSCs, GATA-4, Nkx2.5 and α-MHC mRNA levels increased continuously. When interconnected cells formed a mesh-like structure, GATA-4 expression reached the peak and then kept a high level. When adjacent cells were fused into a myotube-like structure, α-MHC reached the peak. Additionally, the expression of Nkx2.5presented a time-dependent increase trend. Overall, during the induced differentiation of BMSCs into cardiomyocyte-like cells, the expression of cardiomyocyte specific genes, characterized by temporality and spatiality, is related to the changes of cell morphology and special structure formation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2469-2472, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508951

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the dynamic change of professional attitude of nursing undergraduates in traditional Chinese medicine universities and the influencing factors from first-year to third-year. Methods From December 2012 to July 2015,“Scale for nurse′s professional attitude”was used to evaluate the professional attitude of full-time nursing undergraduates in two traditional Chinese medicine universities in China in every 18th teaching week of a semester (6 times). Personal information sheet, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) were used to screen the influencing factor of professional attitude of nursing undergraduates. Results Mean scores of“Scale for nurse′s professional attitude”in 289 nursing undergraduates was higher than 4.5 and appeared an increasing trend. There were significant differences in professional attitude between first-year and third-year nursing undergraduates. The influencing factors of nursing undergraduates′professional attitude were different. In first-year, the factors were EPQ-N, birthplace, EPQ-P, household registration, parent′s marital status. In second-year, they were times of social practice, mother′s vocation, EPQ-E, EPQ-P, satisfaction on family income. In third-year, they were SSRS scores, EPQ-P, whether first choice being nurse or not. Conclusions Professional attitude of 289 nursing undergraduates is positive and appears an increasing trend. The influencing factors of nursing undergraduates′professional attitude are different and EPQ-P has constant influence on their professional attitude.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 160-163, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508649

ABSTRACT

Objective To study bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy regimen in treatment of different metastasis survival in patients with colorectal cancer, in order to optimize the scheme selection of bevacizumab for metastatic colorectal cancer metastasis , improve survival and quality of life of patients with rectal cancer.Methods 128 cases of late January 2013~2013 year in June in general hospital of medical university for treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer patients as the research object, which were randomLy divided into A, B, C, D 4 groups, 32 cases in each group, respectively with bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) combined with FOLFIRI and bevacizumab (10 mg/kg) combined with FOLFIRI and bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) combined with FOLFOX and bevacizumab ( 10 mg/kg ) therapy combined with FOLFIRI regimen, four patients underwent 6 cycles of treatment.Comparison of four groups of patients with recent clinical efficacy, progression free survival (survival progression-free, PFS), three years survival rate, overall survival (overall survival, OS).Results Four groups of patients with gender, age, stage of disease, ECOG score before treatment, primary tumor site, tumor metastasis, metastasis tumor diameter, there were no significant differences.Toxicity of different degrees occurred in the four groups during treatment, but the patients tolerated and complete the established chemotherapy.A, B, C, D group total effective rate were 56.25%, 59.38%, 46.88%, 50%, 3 years survival rates were 25%, 18.75%, 28.13%, 18.75%, PFS respectively: (9.5 ±1.1), (9.6 ±1.1), (9.2 ±1), (9.3 ± 0.9) months, overall survival were: (30.23 ±2.26), (29.83 ±2.24), (26.94 ±2.08), (27.19 ±2.11) months.A, B group of patients in the clinical total effective rate, three years survival rate were higher than that of C and D two groups, but there were no statistically significant difference between the two groups.A, DFS and TTP in B group were significantly higher than that of C and D two groups, and there were significant differences among the groups (P all <0.05), the difference between the two groups was no statistically significant, C, D between the two groups there was no significant difference, A, B groups were significantly higher than that of C, OS in D two group, and the difference between the two groups were statistically the significance (P<0.05), A, B between the two groups, but no significant difference, C, D between the two groups there was no significant difference.Conclusion according to the 5-10 mg/kg/m2 of bevacizumab combined with FOLFIRI regimen in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer, can effectively improve progression free survival in patients with a high clinical value to promote the transfer of clinical overall survival of patients with colorectal cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 565-567, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505226

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerotic plaque rupture and secondary thrombosis are main causes of cardiovascular events (MACE).The early identification of vulnerable plaque has great significance for clinical assessment of the risk of MACE and decision of treatment strategy in patients with high risk CAD.This review summarizes the research progress of noninvasive molecular imaging of vulnerable atherosclerosis plaques and the related molecular probes in recent years.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Library and Information Science ; (12): 39-42, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460329

ABSTRACT

The importance of classics on traditional Chinese medicine in training talents of traditional Chinese medicine was analyzed according to the fact that education of classics on traditional Chinese medicine is increasingly marginalized.After the serial activities of reading classics, learning classics, and using classicsin libraries of colleges and universities of traditional Chinese medicine were described , the advantages and disadvantages of such activities were summarized with certain suggestions put forward for overcoming the disadvantages .

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 918-922, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393175

ABSTRACT

of DE-MRI and the specificity and accuracy of LDDSE were significantly lower than that of DE-MRI (P < 0. 05). Conclusion DE-MRI with high specificity and accuracy, potentially, is a valuable imaging method for the detection of viable myocardium.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 156-158, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398837

ABSTRACT

Objecfive To investigate the prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum(UU)and Mycoplasma hominis(MH)infections in urogenital tract and their sensitivities to drugs in Qinhuangdao area from 2006 to 2007.Methods UU and MH were detected by Mycoplasma IST kits in urine samples from 3062 patients suspected as urogenital tract infection and the sensitivity tests for 8 antimicrobial agents were performed.Results Mycolasmas were detected in 1262 patients from 3062 patients suspected as urogenital tract infection,in which 1037 were of UU infection,41 were of MH infection and 184 were of UU+MH infection.Both strains were sensitive to josamycin,doxycycline and tetracycline,but were less sensitive to ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin.Conclusions Drug resistance is increasing for Mycoplasma and sensitivity test is important in treatment of urogenital tract infection by Mycoplasma.

11.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 374-7, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) on tumor microenvironment T-lymphocyte subsets and dendritic cells in H22-bearing mice and the mechanisms for intervention of tumor immune escape by LBP. METHODS: H22-bearing mice were given LBP orally for two weeks. T-lymphocyte subsets and the phenotypes of dendritic cells in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were detected by flow cytometry (FCM). RESULTS: LBP could significantly increase the numbers of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in TIL as compared with those in model control group (P<0.05). In model control group, the number of dendritic cells in tumor microenvironment decreased markedly, while in LBP-treated group, the increased number of dendritic cells and B7-1 expression were observed, but there were no significant differences between these two groups. CONCLUSION: LBP has anti-tumor effect probably by increasing the numbers of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in TIL to relieve the immunosuppression and enhance the anti-tumor function of the immune system. But whether LBP can recover the phenocyte and function of dendritic cells in H22-bearing mice should be further studied.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624919

ABSTRACT

QIU Fa-zu points out that medical creation is very urgent and importance should be attached to fundmental knowledge,frontier knowledge,connecting the theoretical konwledge with the phical kowledge,analyzing experiences and intertional interactions.Through analyzing these important thoughts of QIU Fa-zu,the passage draws the conclusion that these thoughts are valuble to China' s medical management and scientific policy.

13.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 425-426, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410402

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of esculentoside A(EsA) on production of IL-1 and TNF by rabbit synovial cells induced by LPS. Methods: levels of IL-1 and TNF in the supernatant of rabbit synovial cell were determined by examining proliferation of thymic cells and by bioassay L929 cells as target cells, respectively. Results: EsA in 5-40 μg/ml could significantly inhibit the production of IL-1 and TNF from rabbit synovial cells induced by LPS. Conclusion: EsA can inhibit the production of IL-1 and TNF from synovial cells. It suggests that EsA may play a role in improving the rheumatoid arthritis.

14.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6)1999.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-580696

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of Lycium Barbarum polysaccharide(LBP) on FasL expression in H22-bearing mice and to explore its anti-tumor mechanism.Methods Kunming mice were randomized into the model group,and low-and high-dose LBP(in the dose of 0.625 and 1.250 g?kg-1?d-1 respectively) groups.H22-bearing mice models were induced through right subaxillary inoculation of H22-ascitic cells.Three days after inoculation,LBP group were given LBP for 14 days.Hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining method was used to examine the tumor cell density,tumor cell mitotic count,and lymphocyte infiltration in tumor interstitial tissue.FasL expression was observed in the three groups with immunohistochemical method.Results Tumor cell mitotic count was decreased in the two LBP groups(P

15.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532383

ABSTRACT

By analyzing the medical ethics and medical behaviors of the distinguished doctor Qiufazu,we can draw the conclusion that his medical ethics is the comprehensive outcome of his personal experience,the cultivation of traditional Chinese culture,and his interactions and exchange with medical teachers and fellow-students,all of which play a critical role in shaping his value of medical ethics.The medical ethics of Qiufazu can be regarded as precious spiritual treasure in medical field,which still has rich enlightenment on the self-cultivation and professional development of modern medical staff.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12)1987.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558389

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the curative effect of Danshen injection combining with HSV-tk/GCV system on rats′ hepatocarcinoma cells and murine transplanted hepatocarcinoma.Methods ① Rats′ hepatocarcinoma cell line CBRH7919(tk~-),CBRH7919/tk(tk~+) and the 5% tk~+ mixed cells were treated with diverse concentrations of Danshen injection,GCV separately,and Danshen injection plus GCV(n=3).The survival rate of each groups was examined using MTT Assay and was analyzed using paired comparison.Q-value analysis method was used to estimate the synergistic effect of Chinese herbal on the suicide gene system.Q-value is a ratio of the actural effect of combination treatment to its theoretical effect.It is thought to be an additive effect when 0.85≤Q

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