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1.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 167-171, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of transitional nursing on medicine-taking compliance and insight of first hospitalized female schizophrenic patients.Methods:Seventy female cases who met ICD-10 diagnostic criteria that were discharged after stable treatment were randomly divided into intervention group and control group, 35 cases for each group.The medicine-taking compliance of the two groups was evaluated by the Morisky medication adherence scale, and the treatment effect was evaluated by the Insight and Treatment Attitude Questionnaire (ITAQ).The follow-up period was two months after discharge with four assessment points.Results:The Morisky scores in intervention group at the end of 1 week[ (4.7±1.2) vs. (4.0±0.8) ], 2 weeks[ (5.1±1.2) vs. (3.8±1.1) ], 1 month[ (5.1±1.5) vs. (3.5±1.2) ]and 2 months[ (5.8±1.2) vs. (3.3±1.0) ]were higher than those in control group (F=52.74, P<0.001).The ITAQ scores in intervention group at the end of 1 week[ (3.4±2.1) vs. (2.9±1.4) ], 2 weeks[ (5.5±3.2) vs. (3.7±2.5) ], 1 month[ (4.6±2.7) vs. (4.5±2.7) ]and 2 months[ (6.9±3.4) vs. (3.9±2.6) ]were also higher than those in control group (F=7.12, P=0.010).Conclusion:Transitional nursing can improve the medicine-taking compliance and rehabilitation effect of first hospitalized female schizophrenic patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711329

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) of the resting brain function network in patients in a minimal conscious state (MCS) so as to explore the mechanism.Methods Eleven MCS patients were selected.Among them,there were 9 males and 2 females,10 with cerebral trauma and 1 with cerebral hemorrhage,with an average age of (37.3±8.4) and an average course of disease of (3.4±0.1) months.All subjects were given a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) assessment prior to the single tDCS treatment,followed by a 20-minute single sham tDCS treatment at a time.After single-sham stimulation,a second time rs-fMRI assessment test will be conducted,followed by a real tDCS treatment for 20 minutes.Eventually,a third time rs-fMRI assessment test will be implemented.Results No significant statistical difference was shown in terms of all the parameters after single shamtDCS as compared to those before the treatment (P>0.05).After single real-tDCS,no significant change was observed with CRS-R score,ALFF of default network (left anterior wedge),the frontal-parietal network (left fróntal lobe,right superior gyms),sensory motor network (left auxiliary motor area),subcortical network (right thalamus,bilateral caudate nuclei) was significantly higher than that before treatment,while the ALFF of the frontal network (frontal lobe) and auditory network (bilateral temporal lobes) was significantly decreased (P<0.05).After single real-tDCS,the ALFF of default network (right frontal lobe) was significantly enhanced compared to that after single sham-tDCS (P<0.05),while that of the salient network (left insula) and sensorimotor network (right central frontal) was significantly decreased (P<0.05).Conclusion The enhancement of ALFF activity in the resting state brain function network is a possible neural mechanism for tDCS to promote the recovery of consciousness level in pa tients with minimal conscious state.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510880

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the alterations of homotopic functional connectivity and interhemispheric structural connectivity in patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy (unilateral TLE).Materials and Methods Resting-state functional MR imaging data were acquired from patients in the first affliated hospital of Guang Zhou Medical University who were enrolled from Oct.2013 to Oct.2015 with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy (n=43) [21 left TLE(LTLE) and 22 right TLE(RTLE)] and normal controls (NC) (n=24).We mainly concerned about the functional connectivity between any pair of symmetric interhemispheric voxels which were measured by voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC).Structural magnetic resonance images were acquired in 10 LTLE patients,16 RTLE patients and 20 NCs.Homotopic regions showing abnormal functional connectivity in patients were adopted as regions of interest for DTI.The FA values were compared between groups.Two-sample t test were used.Results Compared with NC group,the LTLE patients showed increased interhemispheric functional connectivity among the bilateral angular gyri,occipital gyri and superior parietal gyri,and decreased functional connectivity between the bilateral supplementary motor areas,middle temporal gyri,medial frontal gyri and inferior parietal lobules.Compared with control subjects,RTLE patients exhibited increased interhemispheric functional connectivity among bilateral inferior occipital gyri,parahippocampa gyri,cerebellum,as well as decreased functional connectivity among the bilateral middle temporal gyri,precentral gyri and inferi or frontalgyri.Statistical results indicated that the FA value of the commissural fiber bundles connecting the bilateral hippocampal gyri was smaller in RTLE patients than NC patients (t=10.55,P<0.01).The FA value of the association fibers connecting the bilateral hippocampal gyrus had no significant difference between the LTLE group and NC group.Conclusion The increase or decrease of VMHC value in some brain regions in TLE suggested that there were changes in the functional synchronization and coordination in the two hemispheres in patients with unilateral TLE.In the RTLE patients,some brain regions which had abnormal interhemispheric functional connectivity also had structural damage.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508363

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the alterations of homotopic connectivity in unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Methods Resting-state functional MR imaging data were acquired from patients with unilateral temporal lobe epi?lepsy (n=43) [21 left temporal lobe epilepsy(LTLE) and 22 right temporal lobe epilepsy(RTLE)] and normal controls (NC) (n=20). The functional connectivity between any pair of symmetric interhemispheric voxels (i.e., functional homotopy) was measured by voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC). Results Compared with NC group, the LTLE patients showed decreased functional connectivity in the bilateral supplementary motor areas(t=-3.35), middle temporal gyri (t=-3.50), medial frontal gyri(t=-3.20)and inferior parietal lobules(t=-3.66), and increased interhemispheric func?tional connectivity in the bilateral angular gyri(t= 3.03), occipital gyri(t= 4.25) and superior parietal gyri(t= 3.62). Compared with control subjects, RTLE patients exhibited decreased functional connectivity in the bilateral middle tempo?ral gyri(t=-4.26), precentral gyri(t=-3.29), as well as increased interhemispheric functional connectivity between bi?lateral inferior occipital gyri(t=3.22),parahippocampa gyri(t=3.32), cerebellum(t=3.50). Conclusions There are al?terations of the functional synchronization and coordination in the two hemispheres in unilateral TLE patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479993

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on motor function and on the expression, proliferation, migration and differentiation of endogenous neural stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) after cerebral ischemia.Methods Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was used to induce a model of cerebral ischemia in 108 rats using the modified Zea-Longa method of intraluminal filament occlusion.They were then randomly divided into an FES group, a placebo stimulation group and a control group with 36 cases in each.Superficial FES electrodes were pasted on the paralyzed forelimbs of the rats in the first two groups, though FES treatment was administered only to the FES group beginning on the 3rd day after the MCAO operation.The stimulation was designed to produce extension of the wrist and digits of the paralyzed forelimb.Before, and after 1,3, 7 and 14 days of the treatment, the neurological deficit was evaluated using modified neurological severity scoring (mNSS).BrdU +/GFAP+, BrdU+/DCX+ and BrdU+/NeuN + cells in the SVZ were detected using immunofluorescence technique.Results After 7 and 14 days of treatment, the average motor function of the rats in the FES group had improved significantly when compared with the averages of the other two groups.Compared with the other two groups, the average number of BrdU +/GFAP+ positive cells in the ischemic SVZ was also significantly greater in the FES group after 7 and 14 days of treatment.After 14 days, BrdU +/Dcx + positive cells in the FES group had also increased significantly more,but only a few BrdU +/NeuN + cells had appeared in any of the three groups.Conclusion FES can improve motor function after cerebral ischemia, and promote proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells in the SVZ.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430475

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of repeated high frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on spatial learning and memory function,and on long-term potentiation (LTP) after global cerebral ischemia and reperfusion,and to explore the mechanisms involved.Methods Eighty-three male Wistar rats were studied.Five were tested to determine their average motor threshold (Tm).The others were divided into a normal control group,a cerebral ischemia and reperfusion model group and an rTMS group.Cerebral ischemia was induced with the four vessel occlusion method for 10 minutes.The rTMS treatment protocol (10 Hz stimulation for 5 s at the resting threshold,twice a day) was applied over a 2-week period from day 3 post-operation.The Morris water maze test was performed to observe spatial learning and memory at post-operation day 2 and day 4.The field excitatory postsynaptic potentials,population spike and the magnitude of long-term potentiation (LTP) induced by theta burst electric stimulation were recorded from the perforant path to the dentate gyrus (PP-DG).Results At post-operation day 3,rats in the untreated cerebral ischemia and reperfusion model group exhibited a significant decrease in the magnitude of the PP-DG LTP as compared to the normal group.No significant difference in LTP was found between the model group and the rTMS group.After the 2 weeks of treatment the LTP levels in the rTMS treated group were significantly higher than in the two untreated groups.In the Morris water maze testing,the average escape latency in the rTMS group was significantly shorter than that of the cerebral ischemia and reperfusion model group (which was not treated).In the probe trials,the time in the original quadrant of the platform and the time of crossing the platform were both significantly less for the rTMS-treated rats than for those not treated.Conclusions High frequency rTMS can improve spatial learning and memory after global cerebral ischemia and reperfusion by enhancing the LTP induced in the hippocampus.High frequency rTMS might exert this beneficial effect by modulating the function of intermediate neurons in the hippocampal neuronal network and by promoting neurotransmitter release.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419734

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on motor function and the expression of bromodeoxyuridine (Brdu) + and glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) + in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of rats with acute cerebral infarction,and to explore it's mechanism. Methods A rat model of cerebral infarction was established using Longa's technique for middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) with an intraluminal filament.The rats were randomly divided into a FES group,a placebo stimulation group and a control group.In each group,rats were randomly allocated into 1 d,3 d,7 d and 14 d subgroups (6 rats/subgroup).Superficial electrodes were pasted on the paralyzed forelimbs of rats in the FES group for connecting with the FES instrument,and FES treatment was carried out with a current of 4-5 mA for 15 min on the third day after the MCAO operation to produce extension of the wrist and the digits of the paralyzed forelimb.The rats in the placebo stimulation group were pasted with electrodes,but no FES was administered and they received no other treatment.Neurological deficits were evaluated using the modified neurological severity score (mNSS) before treatment and on the 1 st,3rd,7th,and 14th day after treatment. BrdU and GFAP positive cells in the SVZ were detected by immunofluorescence techniques.Results After 7 or 14 days the motor function of rats in the FES group had improved significantly compared with the placebo stimulation and control groups.Compared with the other two groups,the expression levels of BrdU+ and GFAP+ cells in the ischemic SVZ in the FES group were significantly higher at the 3rd,7th and 14th day.Conclusion FES can improve motor function after acute cerebral infarction and also promote the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells in the SVZ.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412503

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of functional electric stimulation(FES) on neural function recovery and expression of nestin around cerebral infract area of rats with acute stroke.Methods The model of middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) of male adult SD rats was established with the method of modified intraluminal filament occlusion.Sixty successfully established model rats were randomly allocated into FES group, placebo group and control group(20/group).Three days after MCAO' s surgery, rats in FES group were treated with FES device while the ones in placebo stimulation group were treated with the same FES device but without electrical output.Rats in control group had no treatment.All groups were randomly assigned into 4 subgroups according to treatment time:1 d,3 d ,7 d and 14 d (5/subgroup).The modified neurological severity score(mNSS) was adopted to evaluate neural function recovery before and after treatment in 4 time points as mentioned above.Meanwhile,the nestin expression in various time points was detected by immunohistochemistry stain in distant area of ipsilateral cortex of infarction.Results The mNSS sours in FES group is lower than that in placebo simulation group and control group at the 7 thd and 14thd (P < 0.05 ) ;The expression of nestin-positive cells in distant area of ipsilateral cortex of infarction of rats in FES group is higher than that in placebo stimulation group and control group ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusions FES may improve the recovery of neural function in the earlier stage of cerebral infarction.FES treatment could improve the expression of nesitin around cerebral infarct area and it could be one of the mechanisms of FES' s effect.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380406

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of low-frequency electrical stimulation(LFES)on motor function and the expression of glia fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP)around cerebral infarction sites in rats.Methods Fifty-four male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a LFES group,a placebo group and a sham operation group(18/group).All groups were randomly divided into 3 treatment groups.A rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO)was established using intraluminal filament occlusion.Treatment was carried out 3 d after the operation.Rats in the LFES treatment groups were stimulated with LFES for 3,7 or 14 days (10 min/d);the placebo groups were treated in the same way without electric stimulation;the sham operation subgroups didn't receive any therapy.Scores on a beam-walking test,a rotating pole test and a screen test were assessed at each time point mentioned above.Expression of GFAP was also assessed using immunohistochemcal techniques.Results The paralysed limbs recovered motor function better in the LFES groups than in the control groups.GFAP-positive cells were more numerous at the margins of the infarction area in the treated groups than in the control groups.Conclusions LFES might increase the expression of GFAP,which might be an important mechanism in improving brain plasticity after cerebral ischemia,aiding the recovery of the central nervous system and rebuilding its functioning.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-561464

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the possible relationship between mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA)and hereditary ataxia(HA).Methods Polymerase chain reaction(PCR)was used to amplify 4 mtDNA segments of 30 patients with HA、some of their relatives and 35 volunteers.The point 3243、8993、8344 and point 11778 lied in the 4 mtDNA segments respectively.For the PCR products of point 3243 and 8993,restriction fragment length polymophism(RFLP)was performed to search for A3243G、T8993G or T8993C point mutations.For point 8344 and 11778 PCR products,single strand conformation polymorphism(SSCP)was executed to detect mutations.The HA patients’ results of SSCP were compared with their relatives and volunteers’.Sequencing would be carried out to find out exact mutations in those subjects whose SSCP results were abnormal.Results We had not found the A3243G、T8993G or T8993C point mutations in our study.All subjects’ mtDNA segments of point 8344 had not been found mutations.However,a new mtDNA point mutation-A11893G-was identified in 2 patients and 1 relative without symptoms from pedigree 1.Conclusion This new point mutation of mtDNA might be related to HA.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574604

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the effect of Tanreqing Injection on patients with viral pneumonia. METHODS: 80 cases of viral pneumonia were divided into two groups randomly:40 cases of treatment group and 40 cases of contrast group. The two groups were treated with Tanreqing Injection and ribavirin differently, once per day, 10 to 14 days for one treatment period. RESULTS: The total effective rate of treatment group was superior to that of the contrast group. CONCLUSION:Tanreqing Injection is effective on treating viral pneumonia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-586399

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the possible relationship between mitochondrial DNA point mutations and hereditary ataxia (HA). Methods Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), restriction fragment length polymophism (RFLP) were performed to search A3243G, T8993G or T8993C point mutations in the amplified mitochondrial DNA of extract human perpheral white blood cells of 26 patients with HA and 35 normal controls. Results No point mutations of mitochondrial DNA A3243G, T8993G or T8993C were found in HA group and control group.Conclusion mitochondrial DNA A3243G, T8993G and T8993C mutations are not likely to be genetic factors of hereditary ataxia.

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