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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885380

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application high-resolution 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosis of ligament and tendon injuries of the forefeet.Methods:From September 2014 to August 2020, 40 patients with forefeet injury (40 forefoot) and 20 healthy subjects (40 forefoot) meeting the including and excluding criteria were enrolled into this retrospective study. All subjects underwent MRI T1-weighted image (T1WI) and fat suppression proton density-weighted imaging (PD-FS) scan on coronal planes, sagittal planes and axial planes, respectively. Then the MRI characteristics of tendons in forefoot of healthy subjects and patients with forefoot injuries were compared. In patients the MR features of ligament and tendons injury were compared with the surgical findings or follow-up results.Results:In 20 normal subjects the tendons and ligament of the forefoot showed homogeneous low-signal-intensity on T1WI and PD-FS images. In the 40 patients with forefoot injuries, 22 cases were confirmed by surgical findings and 18 cases were confirmed by follow-up results. There were 8 cases of collateral ligament injuries, including 2 cases with complete tear, 3 cases with partial tear and 3 cases with sprain; 2 cases of extensor tendon with partial tear; 8 cases of flexor tendon injuries, including 3 cases with complete tear, 3 cases with partial tear and 2 cases with sprain; 3 cases of abductor tendon with partial tear; 13 cases of plantar plate injuries; and 6 cases of Lisfranc ligament injuries including 5 cases with complete tear and 1 case with partial tear. The injured ligament and tendons presented thicker and discontinuity in T1WI; and demonstrated heterogeneously increased signal intensity with edema in the surrounding soft tissues in PD-FS. The partially torn ligament and tendons showed discontinuity and thickening; and the completely torn ligament and tendons showed that they were interrupted and retracted, fiber structure disappeared and was filled with liquid, and edema in the surrounding soft tissue.Conclusion:High resolution magnetic resonance imaging of the forefoot can demonstrate the anatomy and features of ligament and tendon injuries in forefoot accurately, which has clinical application value for the early diagnosis and accurate treatment of the injury.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 143-147, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of high-resolution 3T MRI in the detection of triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injuries through a diagnostic test.Methods:A retrospective case series analysis was performed in 133 patients with ulnar wrist pain admitted in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from January 2013 to April 2018. There were 68 males and 65 females, aged 14-69 years (mean 32.6 years). The patients was examined with the wrist MRI with consistent parameters and then received wrist arthroscopic detection or treatment. The TFCC injuries were classified as central injury, namely triangular fibrocartilage disc injury and peripheral injury, namely the tear of ulnar attachment, radial attachment, distal radioulnar ligaments and ulnocarpal ligaments. Take the results of wrist arthroscopy as the gold standard, the MRI and arthroscopic findings were compared and the sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive value and positive/negative likelihood ratio were determined.Results:Wrist arthroscopy confirmed TFCC injuries in 122 patients, among which 72 patients were with central injury and 102 with peripheral injury. Meanwhile, TFCC injuries were diagnosed with MRI in 124 patients, among which 75 patients were central injury and 111 cases were peripheral injury. As for central injury, the sensitivity/specificity, positive/negative predictive value and positive/negative likelihood ratio of MRI were 0.972/0.918, 0.933/0.966 and 11.85/0.03, respectively; when the target pathology was peripheral injury, the sensitivity/specificity, positive/negative predictive value and positive/negative likelihood ratio of MRI were 0.882/0.323, 0.811/0.45 and 1.30/0.37, respectively.Conclusions:High-resolution 3T MRI is accurate in detection of central injury of TFCC, no matter the injury is traumatic or degenerated. In the diagnosis of peripheral injury of the TFCC, MRI can provide some help for its high sensitivity. However, the positive findings of MRI on peripheral structures should be cautious because of the poor specificity, and hence the results of history, physical examination and MRI should be considered together to attain an accurate diagnosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 834-838, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the MRI manifestations of foot injuries in amateur marathoners and the diagnostic value of MRI for foot injuries.@*Methods@#Forty-eight amateur marathoners were prospectively recruited from October 2018 to March 2019. Participants were grouped according to the FASS criteria. All participants underwent bilateral foot MRI examinations. The MRI features of foot in amateur marathoners with and without foot pain were analyzed.The association with gender, age, time to participate in marathon, amount of running per week, number of times to complete the whole marathon and the symptoms of foot pain was studied.@*Results@#There were 28 sides in FASS in grade 0, including 8 males and 20 females, 8 hydrocele of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, 6 edema of bone marrow, 4 edema of soft tissue, 4 hydrocele of tendon sheath, and 6 without abnormal manifestations of MRI. There were 68 sides in FASS grade 1, including 42 males and 26 females, 38 Achilles tendinitis, 14 plantar fasciitis, 12 Achilles tendon bursitis and 4 posterior ankle impingement syndrome. The incidence of foot pain in amateur marathoners was related to gender (OR=1.060, P=0.043), unrelated to age (OR=0.248, P=0.078), number of marathons completed (OR=1.006, P=0.956), time to participate in marathon (OR=1.008, P=0.944), amount of running per week (OR=0.971, P=0.407).@*Conclusion@#Among amateur marathon runners, the foot pain is mainly caused by Achilles tendon and plantar fascia, while those without foot pain are mainly characterized by joint effusion, tendon sheath effusion and bone marrow edema. Gender is the only factor affecting the incidence of foot pain in amateur marathoners. MRI examination is an effective method to determine foot injury and has important clinical application value in the diagnosis and treatment of foot injury.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 834-838, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791359

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the MRI manifestations of foot injuries in amateur marathoners and the diagnostic value of MRI for foot injuries. Methods Forty?eight amateur marathoners were prospectively recruited from October 2018 to March 2019. Participants were grouped according to the FASS criteria. All participants underwent bilateral foot MRI examinations. The MRI features of foot in amateur marathoners with and without foot pain were analyzed.The association with gender, age, time to participate in marathon, amount of running per week, number of times to complete the whole marathon and the symptoms of foot pain was studied. Results There were 28 sides in FASS in grade 0, including 8 males and 20 females, 8 hydrocele of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, 6 edema of bone marrow, 4 edema of soft tissue, 4 hydrocele of tendon sheath, and 6 without abnormal manifestations of MRI. There were 68 sides in FASS grade 1, including 42 males and 26 females, 38 Achilles tendinitis, 14 plantar fasciitis, 12 Achilles tendon bursitis and 4 posterior ankle impingement syndrome. The incidence of foot pain in amateur marathoners was related to gender(OR=1.060, P=0.043), unrelated to age(OR=0.248, P=0.078), number of marathons completed(OR=1.006, P=0.956), time to participate in marathon(OR=1.008,P=0.944), amount of running per week (OR=0.971,P=0.407). Conclusion Among amateur marathon runners, the foot pain is mainly caused by Achilles tendon and plantar fascia, while those without foot pain are mainly characterized by joint effusion, tendon sheath effusion and bone marrow edema. Gender is the only factor affecting the incidence of foot pain in amateur marathoners. MRI examination is an effective method to determine foot injury and has important clinical application value in the diagnosis and treatment of foot injury.

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