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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 427-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883901

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the sepsis related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and mRNA expression profiles based on Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets and bioinformatic analysis, and to analyze the sepsis-associated competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network based on microRNA (miRNA) database.Methods:The sepsis-related lncRNA dataset was downloaded from the GEO database, and the differential expression analysis was conducted by Bioconductor on the sepsis dataset to obtain differentially expressed lncRNA (DElncRNA) and differentially expressed mRNA (DEmRNA), and cluster heat map was drawn. miRNA combined with DElncRNA were predicted by miRcode. mRNA targeted by miRNA was simultaneously met by three databases: TargetScan, miRDB, and mirTarBase. The interaction relationship of lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA was obtained. The regulatory network visualization software CytoScape was used to draw ceRNA networks. DEmRNA in the ceRNA networks were imported into the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes Database (STRING) online database to draw the protein-protein interaction (PPI) map. The gene ontology (GO) function annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of DEmRNA were performed.Results:Dataset GSE89376 and GSE145227 were found from GEO database. Difference analysis showed there were 14 DElncRNA and 359 DEmRNA in the elderly group of GSE89376; 8 DElncRNA and 153 DEmRNA in the adult group of GSE89376; 1 232 DElncRNA and 1 224 DEmRNA in the children group of GSE145227. Clustering heatmap showed that there were significant differences in the expression of lncRNA and mRNA between the sepsis group and the control group. The ceRNA networks were constructed with miRNA. Several DElncRNA and multiple DEmRNA participated in the ceRNA network of sepsis. The PPI diagram demonstrated that several genes encoding proteins interacted with each other and form a multi-node interaction network with multiple genes encoding proteins. Functional annotation and enrichment analysis demonstrated that there might be a crosstalk mechanism on functionally related genes such as nuclear receptor activity, ligand-activated transcription factor activity, and steroid hormone receptor activity, and played a role in the occurrence and development of diseases through forkhead box transcription factor O (FoxO) signaling pathway, Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, and phosphateidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway.Conclusion:Through sepsis-related lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA network and combining with KEGG pathway analysis, there were several lncRNA and mRNA participating in the ceRNA network related sepsis, which played an important role in several signal pathways.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CMs) and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs).Methods:The hiPS-CMs and primary neonatal rat CMs were treated with different concentrations of LPS for 24 to 48 h. Then the cellular viability was analyzed by the xCELLigence RTCA Cardio system. The measurement of NPPB gene was studied by qRT-PCR and the gene expression analysis was performed by the qPCR array, in order to evaluate the cardiac inflammation effect induced by LPS.Results:The LPS exposure led to dysfunction in the primary neonatal rat CMs, which shown as an increase in beating rate and a decrease in contraction amplitude ( P<0.01), accompanied by an increased NPPB mRNA level ( P<0.01). There was no significant alteration in beating rate and the contraction amplitude in the corresponding concentration of the primary neonatal rat CMs ( P>0.05), as well as the NPPB mRNA level ( P>0.05). However, the expression of NPPB mRNA in hiPS-CMs was significantly different at a higher concentration of LPS (5 μg/mL~40 μg/mL) ( P<0.01), but the beating rate and the contraction amplitude showed no significant change, even the concentration of LPS up to 40 μg/mL ( P>0.05). Finally, the genes of C3, Gpnmb, Atf3, Il6r and Ly96 upregulated to 1.5 folds in the primary neonatal rat CMs. In comparison with primary neonatal rat CMs, the AK4, TOLLIP, SPP1, FABP1, IL6R, LY96 and C3 were over expression to 1.5 folds in the hiPS-CMs. Conclusions:In comparison with primary neonatal rat CMs, hiPS-CMs are markedly less injured by LPS and show a different pattern of inflammation gene expression.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of bedside cardiopulmonary ultrasound in the evaluation of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in patients with cardiaogenic pulmonary edema in emergency department.Methods:The clinical data and characteristics of bedside rapid cardiopulmonary ultrasound in patients withcardiaogenic pulmonary edema treated with NPPV in the emergency department were retrospectively analyzed. The following ultrasound parameters, including lung ultrasound score, the ratio of lung consolidation, diameter of inferior vena cava, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the mitral annular systolic displacement (MAPSE) and tricuspid annular systolic displacement (TAPSE), the peak Doppler velocities of the early diastolic mitral (E), the tissue velocity imaging of left ventricular and right ventricular (Sm), the tissue Doppler of the early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (e’), the average E/e’ ratio of left ventricular, systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) and the ratio of atrial fibrillation,, were determined. All of the parameters combined with clinical parameters were compared between the non-invasive ventilation success group and non-invasive ventilation failure group. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors by taking the failure of NPPV treatment as the dependent variable. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of the indicators above.Results:A total of 66 patients, included 44 (66.%) of NPPV success and 22 (33.3%) of NPPV failure revealed by bedside cardiopulmonary ultrasound. In comparison with the NPPV success group, the lung ultrasound score, ratio of lung consolidation, E/e’ of LV , SPAP, the ratio of right ventricular dysfunction, the ratio of atrial fibrillation and the level of Ccr were significantly evaluated, but the Sm of right ventricular and PaO2/FiO2 were significantly lower in the NPPV failure group (all P< 0.05). There were no differences in LVEF, MAPSE, TPASE, diameter of inferior vena cava and the Sm of left ventricular between groups (all P> 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lung ultrasound score, E/e’ and SPAP were independent predictors of NPPV failure in patients with cardiaogenic pulmonary edema. The AUCs of lung ultrasound score, E/e’ of LV and SPAP for predicting NPPV failure was 0.802, 0.783 and 0.852, respectively. . Conclusions:The lung ultrasound score, right ventricular diastolic function and SPAP evaluated by bedside cardiopulmonary ultrasound could provide predictive values for the non-invasive positive ventilation failure in patients with cardiaogenic pulmonary edema.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 264-268, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866814

ABSTRACT

Establishing fever clinic was an important achievement of the fight against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003, and played an important role in the subsequent outbreaks of H1N1, H7N9 and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Fever clinics have significant emergency characteristics, but there are no rescue conditions in the fever clinics. Consequently, the problem of establishment and management of fever clinics is still outstanding. Based on the development of fever clinics, this paper analyzes the operational dilemma of fever clinics, explores the measures of establishment and management of fever clinics, and constructs the operational mechanism of fever clinics in order to provide the basis for the emergency management system of public health emergencies, which is suitable for Chinese health system.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1411-1415, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800911

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the using of pre-hospital emergency resources and treatment characteristics of acute alcoholism patients in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#The pre-hospital emergency data of the emergency department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 1st in 2009 to December 31st in 2018 were obtained from the database of the Guangzhou Emergency Medical Command Center. The related data of patients with acute alcoholism were collected, including gender, age, poisoning severity, treatment results, caller type, number of empty vehicles (empty vehicle was defined as the empty vehicle return caused by the ambulance who did not receive or refused to come to the hospital after the ambulance leaved), departure time (from the ambulance to the completion time), on-site time (from the ambulance to the patient boarding time) and the distribution of pre-hospital emergency time in 24 hours on weekdays and weekends. The relationship between acute alcoholism patients and the peak of in-hospital emergency treatment was analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 2 408 acute alcoholism patients were recorded, among whom 2 109 patients (87.58%) with acute alcoholism, 126 (5.23%) with drug poisoning, 67 (2.78%) with chemical poisoning, 3 (0.13%) with pesticide poisoning, and 103 (4.28%) with other poisoning. Acute alcoholism patients were mainly male, with a total of 1 862 cases (88.29%), and the ratio between males and females was 7.54∶1. In 2 109 patients with acute alcoholism, 93.41% were in the age range of 18-59 years old. The number of mild patients was 1 717 (81.41%), 1 178 (55.86%) needed further treatment, and no patient died. For the occupation of pre-hospital emergency resources, 43.24% (912/2 109) of acute alcoholism called 120 through 110 with empty vehicles of 36.79% (776/2 109), which were significantly higher than the acute cerebrovascular disease [3.83% (362/9 461), 5.80% (549/9 461), both P < 0.01], acute trauma [24.29% (1 708/7 033), 7.96% (560/7 033), both P < 0.01], acute circulation system disease [2.44% (90/3 694), 2.87% (106/3 694), both P < 0.01], and acute respiratory system disease [0.86% (31/3 606), 1.58% (57/3 606), both P < 0.01]. Furthermore, empty vehicles were more likely to happen through 110 with empty vehicles rate of 51.75% (472/912), which was significantly higher than that through the witness [40.82% (60/147), P < 0.01] and relatives and friends [23.24% (244/1 050), P < 0.01]. The driving time and on-site time of acute alcoholism were significantly shorter than those of acute cerebrovascular disease, acute circulation system disease, and acute respiratory system disease [driving time (minutes): 26 (20, 34) vs. 34 (26, 45), 38 (29, 49), 38 (29, 50); on-site time (minutes): 6 (4, 10) vs. 10 (7, 14), 10 (7, 15), 10 (8, 15), all P < 0.01], but there was no statistical difference as compared with acute trauma [driving time (minutes): 26 (20, 34) vs. 29 (20, 42), on-site time (minutes): 6 (4, 10) vs. 7 (4, 11), both P > 0.05]. The regularity of variation in number of critically acute alcoholism patients was distinctive, which peaked in the period of 21:00-00:00 and bottomed out in the period of 09:00-13:00, which overlapped with the peak flow in the hospital emergency department (17:00-22:00).@*Conclusions@#Acute alcoholism patients occupy excessive pre-hospital emergency resources, and overlap with the hospital emergency treatment peak. It is necessary to strengthen the public propaganda and education on the rational usage of 120 emergency resources and reduce waste.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1411-1415, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824215

ABSTRACT

To analyze the using of pre-hospital emergency resources and treatment characteristics of acute alcoholism patients in Guangzhou. Methods The pre-hospital emergency data of the emergency department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 1st in 2009 to December 31st in 2018 were obtained from the database of the Guangzhou Emergency Medical Command Center. The related data of patients with acute alcoholism were collected, including gender, age, poisoning severity, treatment results, caller type, number of empty vehicles (empty vehicle was defined as the empty vehicle return caused by the ambulance who did not receive or refused to come to the hospital after the ambulance leaved), departure time (from the ambulance to the completion time), on-site time (from the ambulance to the patient boarding time) and the distribution of pre-hospital emergency time in 24 hours on weekdays and weekends. The relationship between acute alcoholism patients and the peak of in-hospital emergency treatment was analyzed. Results A total of 2 408 acute alcoholism patients were recorded, among whom 2 109 patients (87.58%) with acute alcoholism,126 (5.23%) with drug poisoning, 67 (2.78%) with chemical poisoning, 3 (0.13%) with pesticide poisoning, and 103 (4.28%) with other poisoning. Acute alcoholism patients were mainly male, with a total of 1 862 cases (88.29%), and the ratio between males and females was 7.54∶1. In 2 109 patients with acute alcoholism, 93.41% were in the age range of 18-59 years old. The number of mild patients was 1 717 (81.41%), 1 178 (55.86%) needed further treatment, and no patient died. For the occupation of pre-hospital emergency resources, 43.24% (912/2 109) of acute alcoholism called 120 through 110 with empty vehicles of 36.79% (776/2 109), which were significantly higher than the acute cerebrovascular disease [3.83% (362/9 461), 5.80% (549/9 461), both P < 0.01], acute trauma [24.29% (1 708/7 033), 7.96% (560/7 033), both P < 0.01], acute circulation system disease [2.44% (90/3 694), 2.87% (106/3 694), both P < 0.01], and acute respiratory system disease [0.86% (31/3 606), 1.58% (57/3 606), both P < 0.01]. Furthermore, empty vehicles were more likely to happen through 110 with empty vehicles rate of 51.75% (472/912), which was significantly higher than that through the witness [40.82% (60/147), P < 0.01] and relatives and friends [23.24% (244/1 050), P < 0.01]. The driving time and on-site time of acute alcoholism were significantly shorter than those of acute cerebrovascular disease, acute circulation system disease, and acute respiratory system disease [driving time (minutes): 26 (20, 34) vs. 34 (26, 45), 38 (29, 49), 38 (29, 50); on-site time (minutes): 6 (4, 10) vs. 10 (7, 14), 10 (7, 15), 10 (8, 15), all P < 0.01], but there was no statistical difference as compared with acute trauma [driving time (minutes):26 (20, 34) vs. 29 (20, 42), on-site time (minutes): 6 (4, 10) vs. 7 (4, 11), both P > 0.05]. The regularity of variation in number of critically acute alcoholism patients was distinctive, which peaked in the period of 21:00-00:00 and bottomed out in the period of 09:00-13:00, which overlapped with the peak flow in the hospital emergency department (17:00-22:00). Conclusions Acute alcoholism patients occupy excessive pre-hospital emergency resources, and overlap with the hospital emergency treatment peak. It is necessary to strengthen the public propaganda and education on the rational usage of 120 emergency resources and reduce waste.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694382

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of 5-AZA-2'-dC on Angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ)-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.Methods Cultured cells derived from neonatal heart of rat were divided into 5 groups:normal control,hypertrophic group,5-AZA-2'-dC treatment group,and 5-AZA-2'-dC pretreatment group.Neonatal rat cardiomyocyte hypertrophic response was assayed by the size of cardiomyocytes and atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) expressive level.The level of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA2a),total calmodulin kinase Ⅱ (CaMK Ⅱ) and phospho-CaMK Ⅱ (p-CaMK Ⅱ) detected by Western blot.The intracellular calcium changes of cardiomyocytes were imaged by confocal fluorescent microscopy.Results Cells treated with Ang Ⅱ at 10-6 mol/L for 48 h were chosen as hypertrophic cardiomyocyte model.The mRNA expression and protein level of ANP were significantly decreased in the treatment and pretreatment groups compared with hypertrophic group.The protein level of SERCA2a was significantly decreased in the hypertrophic group,and increased in the treatment and pretreatment group compared with hypertrophic group.The protein level of SERCA2a was significantly decreased in the hypertrophic group,and increased in the treatment and pretreatment group compared with hypertrophic group,whereas phospho-CaMK Ⅱ showed an opposite change tendency.The time required for increasing and declining to half of the intracellular calcium peak value were both delayed in hypertrophic group,as the treatment and pretreatment groups showed shorter time required compared with hypertrophic group.Conclusion 5-AZA-2'-dC could inhibit Ang Ⅱ-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy which might be related to regulate SERCA2a expression.Increased SERCA2a expression may maintain the calcium homeostasis through shortening the time of transfer Ca2+ from the cytosol of the cell to the lumen of the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 780-783, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611609

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate clinical features and the risk factors for 30-day death in elderly chest pain patients.Methods In the prospective study,514 patients with acute chest pain leading to emergency department visit were selected from March 2012-August 2010 and grouped into elderly group (aged≥65 years,n=309) and non-elderly group (aged< 65 years,n=205).The patient's clinical data during 30-day follow-up period were recorded for analysis and comparison.Multivariate regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors of death.Results Among 514 cases with acute chest pain,30(5.8%)patients with all-cause death included 24 cases in group of 309 (7.8%) elderly patients and 6 (2.9%) cases in group of 205 non-elderly patients during 30 day follow-up period.Univariate regression analysis showed that female,low SBP,Killips' classification ≥ Ⅱ,high level of serum troponin T and creatinine,coronary artery ischemia were more likely to died during 30 day follow-up period.And female and Killips' classification ≥ Ⅱwere the independent factor for 30-day death in the elderly[OR:3.55 (95%CI:1.00-12.59) and 5.90 (95%CI:1.31-26.63)]respectively.Conclusions Elderly patients with acute chest pain for first emergency department visit are at high risk for 30-day death.Female and cardiac function Killips' classification ≥ Ⅱ,high levels of serum troponin T and creatinine and coronary artery ischemia are associated with 30-day death in patients with acute chest pain for first emergency visit.Female and Killips' classification ≥ Ⅱare the independent risk factor for 30-day death.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 334-338, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492988

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of micro-RNAs (miR-101 and miR-125a-5p) in autophagy of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived human THP-1 macrophages.Methods Human monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 was cultured in vitro,and it was differentiated into macrophages after being induced with phorbol (50 μg/L) for 48 hours.THP-1 macrophages were stimulated with LPS in 0,250,500,1 000 μg/L respectively for 12 hours,miR-mimic was transfected into THP-1 macrophages as induced by Lipofectamine RNAiMAX,and the transfection efficiency of miRNA was determined with fluorescence microscopy.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and monocyte chemotaxis protein-1 (MCP-1) in the supernatants of culture.Western Blot was used to detect the protein expressions of autophagy proteins ATG4D,Beclin1,and LC3 Ⅱ.The expression levels of miR-101 and miR-125a-5p were determined by quantitative reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR).Results ① The releasing levels of TNF-α and MCP-1 induced by LPS with 250,500,1 000 μg/L were significantly increased as compared the cells without LPS stimulation [TNF-α (ng/L):1 336.1 ± 18.5,1 340.6±24.8,1 364.5± 14.9 vs.47.6±4.4;MCP-1 (ng/L):996.3 ±51.3,934.6±84.3,974.2±69.5 vs.21.3±6.5,all P < 0.01],but no significant differences were found among the three LPS stimulation groups.The protein expressions of ATG4D,Beclin1 and LC3 1Ⅱ were up-regulated in the presence of different LPS concentrations (0,250,500,1 000 μg/L) for 12 hours in THP-1 macrophages (when compared with the cells without LPS stimulation,t value of ATG4D was 8.103,38.410,52.020,P value was 0.015,0.001,< 0.001;t value of Beclin1 was 3.026,5.328,3.482,P value was 0.047,0.034,0.037;t value of LC3 Ⅱ was 3.836,6.200,4.665,P value was 0.018,0.003,0.010),and the optimal concentration was 500 tg/L LPS.When THP-1 macrophages were stimulated with 500 μg/L LPS for 12 hours,the expression levels of miR-101 and miR-125a-5p were down-regulated significantly as compared with the cells without LPS stimulation [miR-101 (2-△ △Ct):0.68 ± 0.08 vs.1.95 ±0.26,t =8.047,P =0.001;miR-125a-5p (2-△ △Ct):0.23 ± 0.06 vs.1.69± 0.42,t =5.975,P =0.004].② The higher transfection efficiency was showed under fluorescence microscope.Westem Blot results showed the protein expressions of ATG4D,Beclin1 and LC3 Ⅱ were down-regulated as induced by an over-expression of miR-101 or miR-125a-5p in THP-1 macrophages,and more obviously down regulated by co-transfected with miR-101 and miR-125a-5p (compared with negative control group,t value was 14.550,5.855,14.180,P value was 0.005,0.014,< 0.001).Conclusion miR-101 and miR-125a-5p can inhibit the autophagy in LPS challenged THP-1 macrophages,and the potential mechanism might be related to target regulation of ATG4D.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490431

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regulatory networks of DNA methylation profiles in STEMI by methylation microarrays.Methods A total often male patients with STEMI and ten male healthy controls were recruited.Methyl-DNA immunoprecipitation and Nimblegen HG18 Meth 385K promoter plus CpG island microarrays were used to identify differentially methylated regions.And several bioinformatics analysis tools which included chromosomal assignment, gene ontology analysis and pathway analysis with SignalMap and The Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery were used to high-throughput analysis.Results Compared with healthy controls, DMRs of STEMI is 1 634, There are 1 480 (90.57%), 131 (8.02%) and23 (1.41%) methylated sites were separately located on High CpG-containing promoter, Intermediate CpG-containing promoter and Low CpG-containing promoter;Gene Ontology and Pathway analysis expressed DNA methylated genes of signaling pathway in MI identified glycerophespholipid metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, Dilated cardiomyopathy, Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, regulation of actin cyteskeleton, calcium signaling pathway.However, the signal pathway about lipid metabolism is shown no significant difference.Conclusions Bioinformatics tools could provide the quick and high-throughput analysis of data from methylation microarray and enable the function classification of differentially expressed genes of STEMI.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444189

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the impact of hypoxia/reoxygenation on myocardial cytoskeletal proteins (α-actinin protein,tubulin protein,desmin protein) and to investigate EPO lessening the damage of myocardial cytoskeleton proteins in rats proved by culturing hypoxia/reoxygenation injured myocardial cells in presence of EPO.Methods The rat model of asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest was performed by turning-off the ventilator and clamping the endotracheal tube.After asphyxia for 8 minutes,CPR was carried out.A total of 24 rats were divided into normal group,ischemia/resuscitation (I/R) group and the EPO group (n =8).The model of myocardial dysfunction was determined 2 hours after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).The rats of EPO group were given EPO 5000 U/kg after ROSC.The rat heart specimens were collected.Actinin,Tubulin and Desmin protein were observed by SABC immunohistochemistry.The cultured cardiomyocytes were taken from neonatal rats and were divided into three groups:the normal group,the hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) group (hypoxia 10 h/reoxygenate 4h),the EPO group (hypoxia 10 h/reoxygenate 4 h,plus 10 U/mL EPO).The changes of tubulin and actinin in cultured cardiomyocytes were observe by Immunofluorescence.Results From immunohistochemistry,there were no significant difference in the optical density of actinin,tubulin and desmin among the normal,I/Rand EPO groups.After H/R injury,the structures of the actinin,tubulin protein were destroyed,the network structure of both protein were unclear in cultured myocardial cells.The grades of fluorescence intensity of actinin and tubulin in H/R group were significant lower than those in normal group,but there was no significant difference between H/R group and EPO group.Conclusions The damage of cytoskeleton during ischemia/reperfusion may be time-dependent.EPO has no beneficial effect on the cytoskeleton after I/R injury.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427502

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effects in respect of ventilatory response and the change of hemodynamics of two modes of mechanical ventilation [ proportional assist ventilation (PAV) vs.Bi-level positive airway pressure ventilation (BiPAP) ] on patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE).Methods Thirty-two patients diagnosed as ACPE were recruited from May 2008 to April 2009.After conventional therapy ( cardiotonic,diuretic,vasodilators,oxygen) were ineffective for half an hour,32 patients were randomly divided into three groups:control group ( 12 cases kept conventional treatment without mechanical ventilation),BiPAP group ( 12 cases were treated with BiPAP mode of non-invasive mechanical ventilation plus conventional treatment) and PAV group (8 cases were treated with PAV mode of non-invasive mechanical ventilation along with conventional treatment ).Results PaO2,RR and oxygenation index were improved significantly in three groups after 1 hour treatment ( P < 0.05 ).While PaO2 and oxygenation index in noninvasive ventilation groups were higher than those in control group ( P <0.05 ).The time required for amelioration of dyspnea in noninvsaive ventilation groups was shorter than that in control group ( P < 0.05 ).The peak airway pressure and the index of degree of comfort ( VAS score,auxiliary respiratory muscles score) in PAV group were lower than those in BiPAP group (P < 0.05 ).Conclusions Both modes of noninvasive mechanical ventilations could improve the oxygenation and relief of dyspnea in patients with ACPE.PAV and BiPAP had the similar effect in patients with ACPE.The synchronization and comfort in PAV group were better than those in BiPAP group.The PAV mode of noninvasive mechanical ventilation was well accepted by patients with ACPE.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426185

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the type,characteristics and development trend of prehospital medical care of sudden mass incident from 2001 to 2010 in Guangzhou.MethodsThe data of prehospital medical care of sudden mass incident in Guangzhou from 2001 to 2010 were come from the database of 120 Emergency Center.ResultsTotal 6 807 events of Sudden mass incident were recorded from 2001 to 2010,resulting in 26 749 injuries and 917 deaths.In all kinds of sudden mass incident,traffic accident was primary cause ( the number of cases,injuries and deaths accounted for 49.80%,55.29% and 61.72%,respectively),followed by fighting,fire and poisoning.Over the past decade,the number of occurrence of traffic accidents and the number of injuries were increasing.The large sudden mass incident was 76.65% in all levels of sudden mass incident happened from 2008 to 2010.Conclusions Traffic accident is an important cause of sudden mass incident in Guangzhou from 2001 to 2010.The number of the traffic accident cases and injuries were increasing.The large sudden mass incident was the main type in all levels of sudden mass incident.It is important to improve the emergency plan,strengthen the training of medical staff and organize the medical rescue drill of sudden mass incident regularly.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424890

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the degree of acceptance of Emergency Medicine and the abilities of first aid in senior medical students, and study the methods of how to improve their abilities and skills.MethodsA random sample survey methodology.ResultsA total of 146 medical students of clinical medicine were surveyed.99.32% of student believed that emergency medicine was essential and necessary in their learning process.The knowledge of first aid would play important role for their future work.55.48% of students considered that there were partial overlaps in teaching content in emergency medicine and internal medical and surgery.Senior medical students accessed to knowledge mainly through books,followed by the Internet,television and newspapers and their first aid knowledge and skills were poor.ConclusionEmergency medical teaching should be focused on highlighting its characteristics.The visualization of the operation and standardized assessment will help to strengthen students' mastery of first-aid knowledge and skills.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420501

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the tendency of the plasma concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) and thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) before and after thrombolytic treatment of acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and to explore their recanalization predictive value of PAI-1 and TAFI for acute myocardial infarction patients with thrombolytic treatment.Methods Sixty patients,who received thromobolytic treatment from January 2007 to March 2009,were prospectively recruited.The blood sample were collected within 2 hours of thromobolytic treatment ( 0,0.5 h,1 h,1.5 h and 2 h).The plasma concentration of TAFI and PAI-1 were test by ELISA.16 healthy people were recruited as control group.Results The plasma levels of PAI-1 in STEMI patients before thrombolytic treatment were higher than those of Control group ( P <0.01 ),however the same significant change of TAFI level was not seen.The levels of TAFI were no significant difference before and after thrombolytic therapy during whole observation periods.However,the level of PAI-1 increased at 1.5 h and 2 h after thrombolytic therapy (P < 0.01 ).The plasma PAI-1 levels of no - revascularigation group at 2 h after thrombolytic therapy were significant higher than that in revascularization group ( P < 0.05 ).The levels of TAFI were not significantly different between two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions The decrease of plasma PAI-1 from high level within 2 hours after thrombolysis treament may be exploring the predictive value for revascularization.The tendency of TAFI can' t forecast the result of revascularization.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422431

ABSTRACT

To understand the status of the knowledge and skills of the medical staff by using the questionnaire,the authors analyzed the differences and inadequate ness of the first-aid knowledge and skills among the hospital's new recruits to explore how to carry out a targeted first-aid knowledge and skills training.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392180

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression profile of macrophage inhibitory factor (MIF) in heart and renal tissues of sepsis mice. Method The sepsis model was established by Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in mice. Thirty male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into five groups: sham operation group, the twelfth hour, twenty-forth hour, thirty-sixth and forty-eighth hour group after CLP. MIF mRNA were semiquantitat-ed by the reverse transcription polyraerase chain reaction(RT-PCR), Western Blotting was used for MIF protein. The measured data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA. Results MIF mRNA and protein expressions in heart tissue signifiantly increased at the twelfth hour, peaking at the thirty-sixth hour, and a high level was maintained till the forty-eighth hour after CLP. But in the kidney tissue of models, the content of MIF reached peak at the twenty-forth hour and started to decrease at the forty-eighth hour after CLP. Conclusions The content of MIF in heart and kidney tissues of sepsis models was higher than that in the sham group, especially from the twelfth hour to forty-eighth hour after CLP. It indicates that MIF as a kind of late cytokine might participate in dysfunction of organs in mice with sepsis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524565

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the hemodynamic effects of naloxone in post-resuscitation dog from cardiac arrest. Methods Ventricular fibrillation (VF) was induced, and cardiac output(CO) was measured in 25 dogs before and 6 hours after successful resuscitation from 3 minutes VF. 25 dogs were randomly divided into control group(n=6), CPR group (n=12) and naloxone(NLX) group (n=7). Results Six dogs finished 6-hour experiment in both CPR and NLX groups, and the others did not finish the whole experiment. The time of restoration of spontaneous circulation was not significantly different between CPR group and NLX group. The mean artery pressure(MAP) of CPR group was lower than that of control group in 4, 6 hours after successful resuscitation. The MAP of NLX group was higher than that of CPR group in 2,4 and 6 hours after successful resuscitation, and no significantly different compared with that of normal group. CO in both CPR and NLX groups was lower than that in control group after successful resuscitation. CO in NLX group was higher than that in CPR group in 1 to 6 hours after resuscitation. Conclusion There is myocardial dysfunction in post-resuscitation dog from cardiac arrest. Naloxone can improve their hemodynamic status.

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