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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 756-764, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810222

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss is seldom achieved with nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients but may be enhanced by switching to finite pegylated-interferon (Peg-IFN) alfa-2a. We assessed HBsAg loss with 48- and 96-week Peg-IFN alfa-2a in chronic hepatitis B patients with partial response to a previous NA.@*Methods@#Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients who achieved HBeAg loss and hepatitis B virus DNA < 200 IU/mL with previous adefovir, lamivudine or entecavir treatment were randomized 1:1 to receive Peg-IFN alfa-2a for 48 (n = 153) or 96 weeks (n = 150). The primary endpoint of this study was HBsAg loss at end of treatment. The ClinicalTrials.gov identifier is NCT01464281.@*Results@#At the end of 48 and 96 weeks' treatment, 14.4% (22/153) and 20.7% (31/150) of patients, respectively, who switched from NA to Peg-IFN alfa-2a cleared HBsAg. Rates were similar irrespective of prior NA or baseline HBeAg seroconversion. Among those who cleared HBsAg by the end of 48 and 96 weeks' treatment, 77.8% (14/18) and 71.4% (20/28), respectively, sustained HBsAg loss for a further 48 weeks. Baseline HBsAg < 1 500 IU/mL and week 24 HBsAg < 200 IU/mL were associated with the highest rates of HBsAg loss at the end of both 48- and 96-week treatment (51.4% and 58.7%, respectively). Importantly, extending treatment from 48 to 96 weeks enabled 48.3% (14/29) more patients to achieve HBsAg loss.@*Conclusion@#Patients on long-term NA who are unlikely to meet therapeutic goals can achieve high rates of HBsAg loss by switching to Peg-IFN alfa-2a. HBsAg loss rates may be improved for some patients by extending treatment from 48 to 96 weeks, although the differences in our study cohort were not statistically significant. Baseline and on-treatment HBsAg may predict HBsAg loss with Peg-IFN alfa-2a.

2.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 102-105, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703282

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA(LncRNA)has attracted increasing attention over the recent years. It is closely related to the occurrence and development of human diseases based on numerous academic researches. Analysis of the biological function of LncRNA in depth may lead to great breakthroughs in clarifying pathogenesis of many diseases and provide possible targets for intervention. Recent studies have revealed the importance of LncRNA in the progression of heart failure(HF), the final stage of many cardiovascular diseases. This review summarized the new findings of LncRNA in prognosis and treatment of HF.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 34-39, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702628

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the nutritional status of patients with heart failure and its effect on all-cause mortality.Methods A total of 351 patients with chronic heart failure,who were consecutively admitted to the East Hospital of Shanghai from March 2013 to November 2015,were put into the heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) group.They were compared to 222 controls who were admitted during the same period for preclinical heart failure.After a median follow-up time of 606 days,108 patients of the HFrEF group died,compared to 11 of the controls.Logistic regression was used to analyze correlations of all-cause mortality with the patients' body mass index (BMI),serum albumin and other factors.Results Compared to the controls,patients with chronic heart failure had lower BMI [(22.71±3.95) kg/m2 vs.(24.23±3.66) kg/m2,t=4.331,P=0.000],total cholesterol [(3.81±0.99) mmol/L vs.(4.03±0.96) mmol/L,t=2.638,P=0.009],albumin [(38.18±5.03) g/Lvs.(40.18±6.12) g/L,t=3.874,P=0.000] and prealbumin [(187.67±61.83) mg/L vs.(211.94±65.44) mg/L,t=3.937,P=0.000].Within the HFrEF group,patients with lower BMI had higher mortality (36.0% vs.22.4%,P=0.008).Logistic regression suggested BMI,age were independent predictors of all-cause death.Conclusions Patients with chronic heart failure had high incidence of malnutrition,and those with BMI<22 kg/m2 had higher risk of mortality.Serum albumin and BMI not only reflected nutritional status of the patients but had significant implications on prognosis.

4.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 414-419, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610302

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a better method for preparation of porcine model of acute myocardial infarction by permanent occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery and minimally invasive surgery, evaluate its validity and stability, and explore its application in experimental studies of ischemic heart diseases.Methods 25 healthy female 3-month-old Bama minipigs, body weight 25±3 kg, were used in this study.The porcine model of myocardial infarction was established by minimally invasive surgery and the left circumflex artery ligation at the site of OM1 posterior position under general anesthesia.Heart function was assessed by echocardiography at 15 min before surgery, 1 hour and 4 weeks after surgery.Pathological examination was performed at 4 weeks after the left circumflex artery occlusion.The mortality and cause of death were statistically analyzed.Results The 1-hour and 4-week postoperative cardiac function was considerably decreased, showing a decreased ejection fraction from 64.2±4.6% to 48.2±5.3% (1hour after MI) and 49.7±6.1% (4 weeks after MI) (P<0.01).Pathological examination revealed that the ventricular wall was thinner and the amount of collagens was increased in the infracted area.The ventricular fibrillation rate at 1-hour after myocardial infarction was 17.3% and the infarction area was 19.2%.Conclusions A pig model of acute myocardial infarction can be prepared by our modified left circumflex coronary artery ligation at the obtuse marginal artery (OM1) and minimally invasive surgery.This model exhibits advantages such as minimal surgical trauma, high stability of the model, and low mortality, therefore, provides an ideal and economic animal model for experimental studies on acute ischemic heart diseases.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 504-508, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487819

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changes of tongue and pulse parameters in the patients with chronic hepatitis B(CHB)after pegylated interferon alpha-2a(PEG-IFNα-2a)treatment,to investigate its value in evaluation clinical efficacy of PEG-IFNα-2a treatment.Methods 120 patients with CHB who confirmed to the standard received PEG-IFNα-2a antiviral therapy for 48 weeks,and followed up for 24 weeks.The tongue and pulse parameters were detected by DS01-A type digital tongue and pulse presentation analyzer.The changes of liver function,serum HBV markers,HBV DNA,tongue and pulse parameters were observed before and after treatment.Results 113 patients completed the course of treatment,46 cases received complete response(response rate 40.7%).The response rate of liver stagnation and spleen deficiency group was higher than that of blood stasis group(95%CI:0.010-0.677,P 0.05;W/t,t′=0.688,P >0.05;R,t =1.317,P =0.190;G,t =0.346,P =0.729;B,t =1.720,P =0.088).After 48 weeks treat-ment,and followed up for 24 weeks,the tongue and pulse parameters of response group and non response group were compared with baseline,h3 /h1,h4 /h1 decreased,R value and G value increased,the differences were statistically sig-nificant(Response group:h3 /h1,t =3.004,P =0.003;h4 /h1,t =2.702,P =0.008;R,t′=2.258,P 0.05;h4 /h1,t =0.390,P =0.697 2;h5 /h1,t′=0.957,P >0.05;W/t,t =0.149,P =0.881;R,t =1.343,P =0.181;G,t =0.994,P =0.322;B,t =0.565,P =0.572).Conclusion The changes of tongue and pulse parameters have improved after treatment with PEG-IFNαin patients with CHB. However,the value in predicting the efficacy of antiviral therapy may be limited.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 34-36, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489031

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the hemolysis and fatigue resistance self suspension ventricular assist device (NIVAD) in vitro.Methods Resettled NIVAD which is filled with 2 500 ml fresh anticoagulant blood from pig in vitro loop system.The speed of blood pump was adjusted to 8 000 rpm.The afterload and the flow of pump were set as 100 mmHg and 3.5 L/min respectively.Keep the temperature at around 37 degree centigrade which is equal to average internal temperature in pig.Then harvest and measure the free hemoglobin(FHB) of blood samples at different time points before and after working.Then calculated the normalized index of hemoylsis(NIH) by comparing to control group, the unused pig blood at the same period.In fatigue test, conditions remained unchanged, except the blood was replaced by pure water.The blood pump had operated for 90 d continuously and recorded its performance.Results The FHB of experimental blood is higher than that of the control.The normal index of hemolysis NIVAD is(0.0052 ±0.0019)mg/L.Fatigue test , the blood pump operated smoothly, and every parameters was stable.Conclusion The blood pump of NIVAD does a certain degree of destruction to blood, but the NIH is in criterion range of hemolysis, it has certain advantages compared to similar products in china and aboard.At the same time it has good resistance and stable property to fatigue.

7.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 42-46, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504821

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficiency of target gene transfection of the heart and liver after tail vein or intramyocardial injection of adenovirus vector (GFP-Ad).Methods GFP-AD was constructed at first.A total of 20 male 8-week old C57BL/6 mice were randomly and equally divided into tail vein injection of GFP-AD group and intramyocardial injection of GFP-AD group.The mRNA levels of GFP in the heart and liver tissues were detected by Q-PCR at different time points.Fluorescence microscopy was performed to visualize the expression of GFP fluorescence.Results Compared with the tail vein injection group, the GFP mRNA level in mouse heart tissue was apparently higher in the intramyocardial injection group.In both groups, the GFP mRNA levels in liver tissue were significantly increased compared with that in the heart tissue.In the tail vein injection group, the GFP mRNA level in liver tissue reached a peak on day 7;but in the intramyocardial injection group, the mRNA level of GFP in liver tissue reached apeak on day 3.We also observed the same trend of GFP fluorescence expression in the tail vein injection group compared with that in the intramyocardial injection group.Conclusions Intramyocardial injection of adenovirus vector is suitable to achieve a higher transfection efficiency in mouse heart tissue compared with the tail vein injection method.Although both injection methods are suitable for transfection of mouse liver, the tail vein injection method is preferential for it is simple and less invasive.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 641-646, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To identify differentially expressed microRNA (miRNA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of anxiety patients and predict their target genes and function by bioinformatics analysis. METHODS The miRNA expression profiles were determined using an Affymetrix array. To validate the results, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis in a larger cohort was employed. The targets of the differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted by Target Scan, miRBD, and DIANA-microT-CDS, and the results were analyzed by gene ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway analysis using FunNet. RESULTS MicroRNA microarray chip analysis has identified 7 miRNAs were detected with significant changes in expression in PBMCs of anxiety patients. qRT-PCR analysis has confirmed that the expression levels of 5 miRNAs (has-miR-4484, has-miR-4505, has-miR-4674, has-miR-501-3p and has-miR-663) were up-regulated. Intersecting the genes by Target Scan, miRBD, and DIANA-microT-CDS has predicted 195 targets. GO analysis showed that biological processes regulated by the predicted target genes have included diverse terms. Some terms, e.g., nervous system development, nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway, neuron migration, dendrite development, regulation of neuron projection development, midbrain development, regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential, gliogenesis, dendrite morphogenesis, etc. have direct relationship with the central nervous system and brain functions. Pathway analysis showed that a significant enrichment in several pathways related to neuronal brain functions such as glutamatergic synapse, axon guidance, calcium signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, GnRH signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, gap junction, long-term potentiation and VEGF signaling pathway, etc. Among the five microRNAs, has-miR-4484, has-miR-4505, has-miR-4674 and has-miR-501-3p may have more important regulatory functions. CONCLUSION Five miRNAs (has-miR-4484, has-miR-4505, has-miR-4674, has-miR-501-3p and has-miR-663) are up-regulated in PBMCs of anxiety patients and may be closely involved in the pathogenesis of anxiety disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety Disorders , Genetics , Computational Biology , Methods , Gene Expression Regulation , MicroRNAs , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1000-1004, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488392

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of microRNA (miRNA) in peripheral venous blood for depressive disorder.Methods Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to verify expression level of miRNAs in peripheral blood of non-specific mental retardation children,which were aberrantly expressed in depressive disorder patients,and then Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC)curve was employed to confirm the sensitivity and specificity of abnormal miRNA expression in depressive disorder and non-specific mental retardation.Results MiR-1972,miR-26b,miR-4485,miR-4498 and miR-4743 were upregulated significantly in case group of depressive disorder(P<0.05),meanwhile miR-4485 and miR-4743 in aforementioned 5 miRNAs also upregulated significandy in patients of non-specific mental retardation(P<0.05),but miR-26b showed no significant difference between case group of non-specific mental retardation and the control group (P>0.05).The ROC curve of miR-26b in depressive disorder patients and their control group showed that the sensitivity and specificity were 0.609,0.664 respectively,and the area square under the curve was 0.614(P=0.021).The ROC curve of miR-26b in patients of depressive disorder and non-specific mental retardation indicated that the sensitivity and specificity were 0.784 and 0.471,and area square under the curve was 0.643 (P=0.003).Conclusion miR-26b probably have diagnostic value for depressive disorder,which may comorbidity with non-specific mental retardation.But genetic and psychosocial mechanism of comorbidity still needs further exploration.

10.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 612-616, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484166

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of RhoA /Rho-kinase pathway in rat models of left heart disease-as-sociated pulmonary hypertension ( PH-LHD) .Methods Twenty male SD rats (3-4 week-old, 90-100 g) were randomly divided into two groups (10 rats in each group):the group C ( control group) with sham operation, and group H ( pulmo-nary arterial hypertension) .The rat model of left heart disease-associated pulmonary hypertension was established by supra-coronary aortic banding in the group H, and the sham surgery was applied for the rats in the group C ( The titanium clip was fixed at the mediastinal tissue adjacent to the artery rather than the ascending aorta).On day 60 after the operation, the cardiac functions, including right ventricular systolic pressure and pulmonary artery pressure were evaluated.After that, all rats were sacrificed and treated with cardiopulmonary lavage in vivo until the lung became white.Then the left lung tissues were fixed in 4%paraformaldehyde for pathological observation while the right lung tissues were frozen for mRNA detec-tion.Results Compared with the group C, both ventricular systolic pressure and pulmonary artery pressure in the group H were increased significantly (P<0.01).Pathological data demonstrated that the pulmonary artery walls in H group were much thicker than that in the group C.Moreover, vascular wall hypertrophy index in the group H was increased greatly compared with that in the group C (P<0.01).QPCR data showed that mRNA levels of Rho kinase, RhoA and ET-A R in the group H were up-regulated compared with the group C ( P<0.01) .Conclusions Rat model of left heart disease-asso-ciated pulmonary arterial hypertension can be successfully established by supracoronary aortic banding.Rho-kinase-media-ted pathway may contribute to the pathogenesis and progress of left heart disease-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension.

11.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 111-114, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464745

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a porcine allogeneic left lung orthotopic transplantation model to closely simu-late human lung transplantation.Methods Twelve Huanjiang mini-pigs were used as donors and 12 Bama mini-pigs as recipients.The left lung orthotopic transplantation was completed by the left fourth intercostal thoracotomy.At 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 12 h after transplantation, the left and right pulmonary artery pressure were measured, the left and right pulmonary vein blood gas was analyzed, and samples of the left and right lung tissues were taken to determine the water content and for pathological examination.Results All animals survived, and the transplanted pulmonary vein blood PaO2/FiO2 and PAP were rised along with the prolonged postoperative time, compared with those of the recipient normal lung showing a signifi-cant difference (P<0.05).With the pass of time, there were increasing edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, RBC ooze, thickening of alveolar wall in the transplanted lung tissue, and some alveolar lumen occlusion and lung tissue consolidation. The water content of the transplanted lung tissue was increased significantly compared with that in the recipient lung tissue ( P<0.05 ) .Conclusions The established method in this study provides an ideal animal model for research on lung transplantation ischemia-reperfusion injury and immune rejection mechanism.

12.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 119-123, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464741

ABSTRACT

Objective To modify the techniques for establishment of an abdominal working heart transplantation model in rats and to sum up the key factors to success.Methods A total of 180 12-week old Brown Norway rats ( donor) and Lewis rats ( recipient) were used in this study:50 BN rats and 50 Lewis rats for pilot experiment, and 40 BN rats and 50 Lewis rats for the formal experiment.The rat model of working heart heterotopic transplantation was adopted and estab-lished by Wiedemann’ s mode.We transplanted the heart from BN rats to Lewis rats and analyzed the survival rate, causes of death and histological changes of the heart ( HE staining) in this experiment.Results After exercise and modification, the survival rate was increased to 77.5%, and the mean total duration of operation was 71 ±11 min, and the mean ische-mic time of the donor hearts was 34 ±5 min.Histological examination ( HE staining) of the cardiac allograft showed a mild inflammatory cell infiltration in the graft at 24 h after transplantation, indicating that the model was reliable.Conclusions A variety of factors may affect the final operation success rate in the establishment of this heart transplantation model.A-mong them, the major affecting factors include: healthy animals, donor heart protection, rapid and effective vascular su-ture, and postoperative animal management.

13.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 124-126, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464738

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a large animal ( sheep) model to serve the experiments of domestic pulsatile ventricular assist device.Methods Three small-tail Han-sheep were anesthetized and the vein access and artery access were achieved.The cardiopulmonary bypass was established through left thoracotomy.Ventricular fibrillation was induced. An hole was made in the apex of left ventricle and the apex cannulation was sutured to it.The aortic cannulation was su-tured to the descending aorta.The two cannulations were connected to the domestic pulsatile ventricular assist device ( DP-VAD) and the driver was turned on.The working of DPVAD and the conditions of the animals were observed.Results The DPVAD worked well and uni-directional blood flow was driven by positive and negative pressure.The left ventricle was unloaded and the blood pressure was raised up.Conclusion The establishment of sheep model of pulsatile ventrieular as-sist device may play important role for the research and development of DPVAD in our country.

14.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 199-204, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464670

ABSTRACT

The most important cause of late mortality after lung transplantation is obliterative bronchiolitis ( OB) . It is clear that a good animal model is indispensable to further unravel and clarify the pathogenesis of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome ( BOS) .Many animal models have been developed to study BOS, however, so far, none of these models truly mimics the human condition.In recent years mouse models of orthotopic lung transplantation have been established, which provide potential possibilities for further studies of OB/BOS after lung transplantation.The aim of this article was to review the pros and cons of those animal models, and discuss the possible approaches to establish animal models of chronic rejec-tion after lung transplantation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 418-422, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469417

ABSTRACT

Objective To predict the target genes and function of has-miR-26b,has-miR-1972,has-miR4485,has-miR-4498,and has-miR-4743 by bioinformatics analysis,and provide the theoretical basis for the further research.Methods The targets of the five microRNAs were predicted by Target Scan,miRBD,and DIANA-microT-CDS,and the result were analyzed by gene ontology and pathway analysis using FunNet.Results 734 predicted targets were obtained by finding the intersected genes of Target Scan,miRBD,and DIANA-microT-CDS.GO analysis showed that biological processes regulated by the differentially expressed microRNAs included diverse terms,among which some terms (e.g.,central nervous system development,neuron differentiation,axonogenesis,synaptic transmission,learning,and memory,etc.) had direct relationship with the central nervous system and brain functions.The pathway analysis showed that a significant enrichment in several pathways related to neuronal brain function,such as axon guidance,glutamatergic synapse,Wnt signaling pathway,mTOR signaling pathway,VEGF signaling pathway,etc.Among the five microRNAs,has-miR-26b,has-miR-1972,has-miR-4498 might have more important regulatory functions.Conclusion Bioinformatic analysis indicates that has-miR-26b,has-miR-1972,has-miR-4485,has-miR-4498,and has-miR-4743 are closely related to the mechanism and pathogenesis of major depressive disorder.

16.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 537-541, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453472

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the effects of military stress and psychological resilience on job burnout and mental health in military personnel and construct the relationship among resilience,job burnout and mental health during military stress.Methods By cluster random sampling,520 personnel in army taking part in the war-game were selected as the experimental group,and another group of 520 who not taking part in the wargame were selected as the control group.After one week of the war-game,the experimental group and control group were investigated by Military Personnel Mental Disorder Prediction Scale,Military Job Burnout Scale and Military Personnel Resilience Scale.The acquired datum were analyzed by t-test,correlation analysis,regression analysis and structural equation modeling analysis.Results (1) The total scores of mental disorder prediction and factor scores of psychosis,depression,mania,neurosis,personality disorder were((15.85±9.30),(0.36±0.91),(1.10±1.53),(2.66±1.78),(1.16± 1.57),(2.04± 1.83)) and the total scores of job burnout and its all factor scores were((23.05±9.40),(5.13±2.47),(3.19±2.18),(5.16±3.01),(1.71 ± 1.66),(3.29±2.21)) of experimental group were significantly higher than control group((11.20±6.24),(0.11 ±0.53),(0.55± 1.10),(1.89± 1.50),(0.51± 1.02),(1.10±1.13),(17.92±9.64),(4.28±2.92),(2.64±2.06),(3.84±2.46),(1.26± 1.37),(2.77±2.43),P=0.000).(2)Psychological resilience negatively correlated with job burnout and mental health(r=-0.52~-0.09,P<0.05),and job burnout positively correlated with mental health (r=0.12 ~ 0.57,P<0.01).(3) Under the military stress,psychological resilience was the accommodation to effect the mental health and job burnout of military personnel.(4)The analysis of structural equation modeling showed that psychological resilience had a direct effect on job burnout(the path coefficient was-0.56,P<0.01),but it had no significant effect on mental health (the path coefficient was-0.06,P=0.302).Job burnout had a direct effect on mental health (the path coefficient was 0.73,P<0.01),and the structural equation modeling fitted the data very well(x2/ df =3.138,GFI =0.943,AGFI =0.911,NFI =0.930,RFI =0.905,IFI =0.952,TLI =0.933,CFI =0.951,RMSEA =0.065).Conclusion Military stress can lead to job burnout and mental disorders that could be moderated by psychological resilience.Job burnout can fully mediate the relation between psychological resilience and mental health.Psychological resilience effects mental health by job burnout indirectly.

17.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 14-18, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456021

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the anatomic localization and size of acute necrotic myocardium in the ischemic-reperfused rat hearts using 99m TC-Glucarate and microSPECT/CT.Methods The ischemic-reperfused ( IR) rat heart models were established by ligating left anterior descending coronary artery for 60 min.99mTC-Glucarate was intravenously injected into the rats 24 hours after IR operations .Images were acquired 30 min after administration of 99m TC-Glucarate using microSPECT/CT. Anatomic localization and size of acute necrotic myocardium were analyzed with microSPECT/CT imaging , and these results were compared to those determined by triphenyltetrazolium chloride ( TTC ) staining.Results The microSPECT/CT images showed hot spot accumulations of 99mTC-Glucarate in IR hearts (the heart-to-liver ratio was 1.90 ±0.33), not in controls (P <0.05).The anatomic localization of 99mTC-Glucarate-labeled necrotic myocardium were in correspondence with TTC staining results .The hot spot size was related significantly to necrotic myocardial size determined by TTC staining ( R2 =0.964 ) .Conclusions The localization and size of acute necrotic myocardium can be assessed by non-invasive microSPECT/CT imaging with99m Tc-Glucarate.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2855-2860, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448449

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:There is no effective therapy for obliterative bronchiolitis after tracheal transplantation. A therapeutic strategy at microRNA (miRNA) molecular level plays a crucial role in the prevention and treatment of complications after organ transplantation. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the miRNA differential expression profile in response to obliterative bronchiolitis after orthotopic tracheal transplantation in rats. METHODS:The obliterative bronchiolitis model after lung transplantation was established through orthotopic tracheal transplantation in inbred strains of rats, and then was identified using histoIogical examination. Total miRNAs were detected by miRNA array and significantly differential expressed miRNAs were filtrated in the transplanted trachea tissues. The miRNA-146a, miRNA-155 and miRNA-451 with significantly differential expressions were used for relative quantitative study. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was applied to verify the reliability of miRNA array results. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The pathological examination showed that, obliterative bronchiolitis model in rats was successful y established at 4 weeks after orthotopic tracheal transplantation. A total of obliterative bronchiolitis-related 29 miRNAs were found in miRNA expression profiles, including 14 miRNAs with significantly down-regulated expression and 15 miRNAs with significantly up-regulated expression. Among them, the significantly up-regulated miRNAs (miRNA-146a and miRNA-155) and the significantly down-regulated miRNA-451 were involved in immuno-inflammatory reaction. The miRNAs play an important role in regulating pathophysiological changes of obliterative bronchiolitis after lung transplantation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 365-367, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419741

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of improving elderly patients with bowel dysfunction after cardiopulmonary bypass.Methods Choose 54 elderly patients with CPB were randomly divided into tree groups:the control group and the Gln group and the Combination group,every group has 18 patients.Glutamine(Gln) at 0.4 g/kg was administrated to the patients in the Gln group and the combination group during the beginning at CPB and two days after the operation.Based on the Gln group,the patients of The Combination group were given the different oral Chinese medicine before and after operation,according to syndrome differentiation classification.Plasma endotoxin,IL-6 and DAO were measured before operation and at the endof operation and 24 h,48 h after operation.At the same time,we used German Siemens Company's X3000 Color Doppler machine to test every group of patients superior mesenteric artery.We tested before surgery,and one to two days after operation,from the starting point within 2cmof the superior mesenteric artery and the angle between the ultrasound beam flow was less than 60 °,the probe frequency was 3.5 MHz.The detection of hemodynamic indexes were EDV and PI.Results After the test,the plasma endotoxin and IL-6 levels and DAO levels of the Gln group were reduced than the Control group after cardiopulmonary bypass.The plasma endotoxin and IL-6 levels and DAO levels of the Combined gnup were decreased than the Gln group after cardiopulmonary bypass and one day after operation.Analyze superior mesenteric artery diastolic velocity (EDV)and pulsatility index (PI) by the Color Doppler.After operation,the EDV in the Gln group and the Combined grup were significantly higher than the control group,the Pl were lower than the control group.The parameters levels have significant difference after cardiopulmonary bypass and one day after operation(P < 0.05 ).The Combined group was improved than the Gln group after cardiopulmonary bypass and one day after operation.According to the traditional Chinese medicine diagnosis,there were eighteen patients in the Combined group,including fifteen patients in type of deficiency of both qi and yin and three patients in type of fu-viscera syndnome.All of the patients have defecated within tree days after operation.In the type of deficiency of both qi and yin nine patients were cured and six were shown to be effective after operation.All the patients in type of fuviscera syndrome were cured.Conclusion N(2)-L-Alanyle-L-Glutmaine have protective effect on the intestinal mucosal barrier after CPB.Combined traditional Chinese Medicine preparation was more conducive to the intestinal function recovery of elderly patients after cartiopulmonary bypass.

20.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 732-734, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429397

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of interleukin 17 in the differentiation of macrophages from monocyte in vivo and its applicability in Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB).Methods Pathogen-free male C57BL/6 (n =20),IL-17-defcient C57BL/6 (n =10) and BALB/c (n =10) weighing 20-25 g.Weight-matched mice were assigned to three experimental groups.Experimental group A:BALB/c (n =5) →C57 BL/6 (n =10).Experimental group B:BALB/c (n =5) →IL-17-defcient C57BL/6(n =10).Normal control group:C57BL/6(n =10).The CD80 expression in macrophages in spleens were analysed by flowcytometry 7 days after operation.Native and transplanted lungs were harvested after 14 days and 28 days,stained with HE,and examined under light microscopy.Results Compared to experimental group A,CD80 expression of macrophages reveales a significant decrease in spleen of experimental group B.Furthermore,airway obliteration and destruction of the epithelium in experimental group A were significantly better compared with that of experimental group B on day 14 and 28 after transplantation.Conclusion IL-17 deficiency decreased the polarization of monocytes to macrophages and attenuate the pathology of obliteral bronchiolitis in murine model after trachea transplantaion.

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