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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 742-750, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971827

ABSTRACT

Since the discovery of hepatitis D virus (HDV) in the 1970s, Chinese scholars have started to conduct extensive studies on HDV and hepatitis D (HD). By searching for related articles published on the platforms of Chinese scientific and technological journals and the journals in PubMed database by Chinese scholars, this article comprehensively analyzes and summarizes the advances and scientific findings in HDV and HD by Chinese scholars from basic to clinical research from the perspective of historical development. Over the past years, Chinese scholars have conducted extensive research on the establishment of detection techniques and methods, the construction of infected animal models, the function and application of ribozymes, and clinical diagnosis and manifestation. The research findings in the past 40 years have laid a foundation for further research on the virological characteristics, infection mechanism, and immune response and injury of HDV, the clinicopathological changes of HD, and related antiviral treatment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2558-2563, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998809

ABSTRACT

‍Due to significant innovations in the diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis D virus (HDV), the European Society of Hepatology (EASL) published its first international clinical practice guidelines on the management of individuals with HDV infection in July 2023. The guidelines mainly focus on the six aspects of HDV screening, diagnosis, clinical features and influencing factors, patient monitoring and selection for treatment, therapeutic methods and treatment endpoints. The guidelines give recommendations by answering and elaborating on 13 questions covering these six aspects. In addition, the guidelines also provide the prospect of the future treatment of HDV. The author’s team makes an excerpt of the guidelines and systematically introduces various evaluation points in recommendations and clinical management suggestions, in order to promote the development of clinical management and decision-making for individuals with HDV infection in China.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 72-75, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924024

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the construction effect of a national comprehensive prevention and control demonstration area for chronic diseases in a banner county in Inner Mongolia, and to provide a scientific basis for deepening the construction of the demonstration area and improving the formulation of chronic disease prevention and control strategies and measures. Methods Using the chronic disease nutrition monitoring data of residents aged 18 and over in a banner county in Inner Mongolia in 2015 and 2018, the prevalence, awareness, and management and treatment rates of the main chronic diseases of residents with different characteristics, as well as the changes in healthy behaviors and lifestyles were compared and analyzed. SPSS25.0 software was used for data analysis. The classification variables were mainly described by rate and composition ratio. The comparison of rates of various indicators between the two years was performed using 2 test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze statistical correlation between the continuous construction of the demonstration area from 2015 to 2018 and the various indicators. The test level was α=0.05. Results In 2015 and 2018, 621 and 600 residents aged 18 and above were investigated respectively. The prevalence of diabetes (8.17%) and the prevalence of dyslipidemia (28.13%) of residents in the demonstration area in 2018 were lower than those in the demonstration area in 2015 (12.08% and54.91%, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). In 2018, the diabetes awareness rate (71.43%), diabetes treatment rate (71.43%), diabetes management rate (38.78%), and dyslipidemia awareness rate (51.50%) of residents in the demonstration area were higher than those in the demonstration area in 2015 (42.67%, 42.67%, 13.33%, and 31.09%, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). In 2018, the current smoking rate (20.83%) of residents in the demonstration area, the drinking rate within one year (31.67%), insufficient intake of fresh vegetables (51.00%), and excessive intake of edible salt (47.83%) were all lower than those of residents in the demonstration area in 2015 (30.43%, 45.57%, 71.18%, and 78.42%, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the continuous construction of the demonstration area was statistically correlated with dyslipidemia (OR=0.31, 95%CI: 0.24-0.39), diabetes awareness (OR=3.92, 95%CI: 1.68-9.12), diabetes treatment (OR=4.53, 95%CI:1.75-11.70), diabetes management (OR=5.82, 95%CI: 1.94-17.52), awareness of dyslipidemia (OR=1.57, 95%CI: 1.04-2.38), current smoking (OR=0.60, 95%CI:0.44-0.82), drinking within one year (OR=0.46, 95%CI: 0.35-0.61), and insufficient intake of fresh vegetables (OR=0.45, 95%CI: 0.35-0.58). Conclusion The construction of a national demonstration zone for comprehensive prevention and control of chronic diseases can significantly reduce the prevalence of major chronic diseases among residents in a banner county in Inner Mongolia, improve the self-management level of patients with chronic diseases, and promote the development of healthy behaviors and lifestyles.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 667-672, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of apatinib and S-1 for treatment of patients with advanced gastric cancer, in order to provide clinical therapy reference for advanced gastric cancer.Methods:Clinical trials were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) , Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database (CSTJ) , Wanfang Medical Network, VIP Journal Database (VIP) , China Biomedical Literature Database (CBMdisc) , Cochrane Library, PubMed, etc., searched from Jan. 2010 to Oct. 2019. The experimental group were given apatinib combined with S-1, and the control group received S-1 monotherapy. Two sets of RCT in patients with advanced gastric cancer were collected. Researchers first screened literature, data extraction and to assess the risk of bias, then made Meta analysis with RevMan5.3 software, the test level was α=0.05.Results:A total of 12 Meta analysis of randomized RCT were selected from the group, including 561 cases of patients. The results showed that objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) of the experimental group was higher than those of the control group [ (RD=0.16, 95% CI: 0.08-0.23, P<0.0001; RD=0.21,95% CI: 0.14-0.29, P<0.00001) ]; There was no significant difference in nausea and vomiting, hand-foot syndrome, fatigue, diarrhea, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, leukopenia, neuro-toxicity and mucositis between the two groups. The rate of hypertension, proteinuria, hemoglobin of the experimental group decrease was higher than that of the control group [ (OR=6.21, 95% CI: 1.92-20.13, P=0.002; OR = 10.57,95% CI: 5.06-22.04, P<0.00001; OR=2.84, 95% CI:1.25-6.48, P=0.01) ]; and there was a significant heterogeneity in hypertension among them ( P=0.008, I 2=63) . Conclusion:Compared with S-1 alone, the treatment effect of S-1 combined with targeted drug apatinib can significantly improve ORR and DCR of patients with advanced gastric cancer.

6.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 989-1000, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919361

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a potential therapeutic strategy for cartilage degeneration of osteoarthritis (OA). But controlling chondrogenic differentiation of the implanted MSCs in the joints remains a challenge. The role of kartogenin (KGN) for chondrogenesis of MSCs has been widely reported, however, the mechanism of chondrogenesis has not been elucidated in OA. @*METHODS@#In this study, we investigated the miR-145-5p, TGF-b, Samd4, and p-stat3/stat3 expression in cartilage of OA patients and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) treated with KGN or miR-145-5p inhibitor. In addition, the cell proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation in vitro and in vivo of BMSCs treated with KGN was also detected. @*RESULTS@#In OA patients, the expression of miR-145-5p was up-regulated, and the expression of TGF-b, Samd4, and p-stat3/stat3 was inhibited. When the BMSCs treated with miR-145-5p inhibitor, the expression of TGF-b, Samd4, and p-stat3/stat3 was also significantly up-regulated. KGN-treated BMSCs had better proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation by up-regulating the expression of Sox 9, Col-2a1, aggrecan in vitro and in OA by down-regulation of miR-145-5p targeting Smad4 pathway. Moreover, intra-articular injection of KGN-treated BMSCs had a better pain relief effect in OA. @*CONCLUSION@#The double effect on cartilage protection and pain relief indicates a great potential of intra-articular injection of KGN-treated BMSCs for the treatment of OA.

7.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 333-340, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988373

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression difference of lncRNA FAL1 in ovarian cancer cells and their drug-resistant cell lines, and to explore the effect and mechanism of lncRNA FAL1 down-regulation on cell chemotherapy resistance. Methods The expression levels of fal1 gene in SKOV3 and COC1 cells and their drug-resistant cell lines were detected by qRT-PCR. fal1 siRNA was transfected to downregulate fal1 gene expression. MTT was used to detect cell proliferation. Transwell method was used to detect cell invasion ability. Plate clone formation test was used to detect cell clone ability, and Western blot was used to detect MDR-1, mpr-1, ABCG2 and phosphorylation levels of p38 MAPK, ERK1/2 and JNK. SKOV3/DDP and COC1/DDP cells transfected with FAL1-siRNA were injected subcutaneously into BALB/c nude mice. The volume and mass of subcutaneous transplanted tumors were measured. Results Compared with SKOV3 and COC1 cells, SKOV3/DDP and COC1/DDP cells were less sensitive to DDP, and the expression levels of FAL1 gene increased (P < 0.01). After transfection with FAL1-siRNA, the sensitivity of SKOV3/DDP and COC1/DDP cells to DDP increased (P < 0.01), and the invasion (P < 0.05) and cloning ability (P < 0.01) decreased. The expression levels of MDR-1, MPR-1, ABCG2 (P < 0.01) and the phosphorylation levels of p38 MAPK, ERK1/2 and JNK (P < 0.05) decreased. The volume and mass of subcutaneous transplanted tumors were significantly reduced (P < 0.01). Conclusion Down-regulation of lncRNA FAL1 could significantly reduce the chemotherapy resistance of cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines and inhibit the proliferation of drug-resistant cells in vivo. Its mechanism is related to inhibiting the activation of MAPK signaling pathway.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4237-4242, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847359

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Increasing studies have shown that acupuncture has a significant effect on the treatment of neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury, but there is no uniform acupuncture prescription standard for the treatment of this disease. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rules of selecting acupoints in the treatment of neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury with acupuncture and moxibustion. METHODS: Clinical literatures related to acupuncture treatment of neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury were retrieved in China Knowledge Network, WanFang Data, VIP database and China Biology Medicine disc from 1989 to January 2020. Then, we established a database to perform descriptive analysis, relevance principle analysis and cluster analysis of the collected acupuncture prescriptions. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of 93 articles were included. Data collection and analysis showed that the acupoints and meridians with the highest frequency of neurogenic bladder after acupuncture treatment of spinal cord injury were Zhongji (CV3) (with the frequency of 55) and Bladder Meridian of Foot Taiyang (with the frequency of 161). Relevance principle analysis showed that combination of acupoints with strongest support is Guanyuan (CV4) and Zhongji (CV3). Cluster analysis of acupoints with the frequency ≥ 10 showed that acupoints could be divided into two categories. All these findings indicate that when acupuncture and moxibustion is used to treat neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury, most of the acupoints along the meridians and local acupoints are selected. The results of relevance principle analysis and cluster analysis obtained from data mining can be used to select acupoints, match acupoints and reuse specific acupoints to improve the therapeutic efficacy.

9.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e68-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758953

ABSTRACT

Viral-encoded microRNAs (miRNAs) have vital roles in the regulation of virus replications and host immune responses. The results of previous studies have indicated that miRNA clusters are involved in the replication and virulence of the pseudorabies virus (PRV), which may potentially lead to immune escape or facilitation of PRV replication. This study's previous research revealed that prv-miR-LLT11a was differentially expressed during PRV infection. The present study's results have demonstrated that prv-miR-LLT11a could significantly inhibit PRV replication. It was further determined that SLA-1 was the target gene of prv-miR-LLT11a, and simultaneously, that overexpression of prv-miR-LLT11a could downregulate the mRNA and protein levels of SLA-1 in a dose-independent manner. Furthermore, the present study also observed that prv-miR-LLT11a can downregulate TAP1 expression. Our findings provide a better understanding of the molecular mechanism involved in the effects of prv-miR-LLT11a on SLA-1 and TAP1 as well as its involvement in immune system evasion of PRV.


Subject(s)
Herpesvirus 1, Suid , Immune System , MicroRNAs , Pseudorabies , RNA, Messenger , United Nations , Virulence , Virus Replication
10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 552-555, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755602

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of tyrosol on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in diabetic rats and the role of silent mating-type information regulation 1 (SIRT1)/adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) signaling pathway.Methods SPF healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 200-220 g,were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin 60 mg/kg to establish the model of diabetes mellitus.Fifty-six diabetic rats were divided into 4 groups (n =14 each) using a random number table method:sham operation group (S group),myocardial I/R group (I/R group),myocardial I/R plus tyrosol group (I/R+T group),and myocardial I/R plus tyrosol plus SIRT1 inhibitor EX527 group (I/R+T+E group).In I/R+T and I/R+T+E groups,tyrosol 20 mg · kg-1 · d-1 was given by gavage for 45 consecutive days,and the equal volume of normal saline was given in the other two groups.In I/R+T+E group,EX527 5 mg · kg-1 · d-1 was intraperitoneally injected for 3 consecutive days before ischemia,and EX527 5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 20 min before repeffusion.Myocardial I/R was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of coronary artery for 30 min followed by 2-h reperfusion.The myocardial infarct volume was measured by TTC staining.The levels of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB),lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and 5-F2t-isoprostane in serum and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in myocardial tissues were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The expression of SIRT1,AMPK,phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPK),eNOS and p-eNOS was detected by Western blot.Results Compared with S group,the levels of serum CK-MB,LDH and 15-F2t-Isoprostane and myocardial infarction volume were significantly increased,the SOD activity was decreased,and the SIRT1 expression was down-regulated in I/R group,and the levels of serum CKMB,LDH and 15-F2t-Isoprostane and myocardial infarction volume were significantly increased,the SOD activity was decreased,the SIRT1 expression was down-regulated,and the expression of p-AMPK and peNOS was up-regulated in I/R+T and I/R+T+E groups (P<0.05).Compared with I/R group,the levels of serum CK-MB,LDH and 15-F2t-Isoprostane and myocardial infarction volume were significantly decreased,the SOD activity was increased,and the expression of SIRT1,p-AMPK and p-eNOS was up-regulated in I/R+T group (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in I/R+ T+E group (P>0.05).Compared with I/R+T group,the levels of CK-MB,LDH and 15-F2t-isoprostane in serum and myocardial infarct volume were significantly increased,the SOD activity was increased,and the expression of SIRT1,p-AMPK and p-eNOS was down-regulated in I/R+T+E group (P<0.05).Conclusion Tyrosol can mitigate myocardial I/R injury,and the mechanism may be related to activating SIRT1/AMPK/eNOS signaling pathway and inhibiting oxidative stress response in diabetic rats.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 108-113, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804627

ABSTRACT

The acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) with reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) leads to the difficulty in the treatment and the high mortality rate, but the incidence of HBV reactivation is increasing year by year. There are some high risk factors for the reactivation of HBV, such as the use of rituxan, the glucocorticoid, the chemotherapy, the direct-acting antiviral drugs against hepatitis C virus (HCV) and stopping the nucleot(s)ides analogues against HBV by oneself. The diagnostic criteria, risk factors, risk assessment of ACLF, prevention and management of HBV reactivation are reviewed in this article.

12.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 560-563, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824340

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of ferulic acid on lung function in mice with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its possible mechanism. Methods Sixty mice were randomly divided into normal control group, COPD model group, Rofloast group and ferulic acid high, medium and low dose groups, each group with 10 rats, and during administration one rat died in the mode group and was eliminated. The COPD model was duplicated by smoking method; the mice in normal control group were fed normally without any treatment. After modeling for 30 days, normal saline begun to be given to the COPD model group and normal control group; the mice in Rofluast group were given Rofluast 65 μg/kg; ferulic acid 160, 80, 40 mg/kg were given to high, middle and low dose groups respectively. The indexes were determined after consecutive 90 days of treatment, the changes of peak inspiratory flow (PIF) rate, peak expiratory flow (PEF) rate and ventilation volume per minute (MV), mean lining interval (MLI), alveolar destruction index (DI), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) levels in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), the protein expressions and phosphorylation levels of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun amino terminal kinase (JNK) in the pulmonary tissue MAPK signaling pathway were observed in each mouse of various mice groups. Results In the COPD model group, the PIF, PEF, and MV were all significantly lower than those in the normal control group [PIF (mL/s): 2.32±0.18 vs. 3.41±0.12, PEF (mL/s): 2.31±0.22 vs. 2.90±0.15, MV (mL/s): 26.20±2.70 vs. 35.18±2.30); Luofusite and all doses of ferulic acid can increase PIF, PEF, and MV, and the degree of increase in the high dose ferulic acid group was more significant than those in the moderate and low dose ferulic acid groups [PIF (mL/s): 3.24±0.13 vs. 2.88±0.15, 2.51±0.10, PEF (mL/s): 2.81±0.16 vs. 2.66±0.11, 2.58±0.17, MV (mL/s):31.18±1.20 vs. 28.25±2.20, 27.09±1.10]; however, there was no statistical significant difference between the Rofluas group and the ferulic acid groups (all P > 0.05). The levels of the MLI, DI, and inflammatory factors in serum and BALF, and the protein expressions and phosphorylation levels of p38MAPK, ERK, JNK in lung tissue in model group were all significantly higher than those in normal control group [MLI (μm): 52.10±0.26 vs. 21.90±0.14, DI: (60.78±3.32)% vs. (22.47±1.05)%, IL-6 in serum (ng/L): 22.34±4.51 vs. 3.50±1.55, TNF-αin serum (ng/L): 27.11±3.99 vs. 4.66±1.76, IL-6 (ng/L) in BALF: 142.92±20.10 vs. 18.77±4.17, TNF-α(ng/L): 150.16±20.77 vs. 22.01±4.15, P-ERK/ERK (gray value): 0.59±0.03 vs. 0.38±0.05, P-p38MAPK/p38MAPK (gray value): 0.52±0.02 vs. 0.31±0.05, P-JNK/JNK (gray value): 0.56±0.03 vs. 0.25±0.01, all P < 0.05]. The levels of MLI, DI, and inflammatory factors in serum and BALF, p38MAPK, ERK, JNK protein expression and phosphorylation in lung tissue were reduced by Rofluas and various doses of ferulic acid, the reduction levels in the high dose group of ferulic acid were more significant than those in the middle and low dose groups of ferulic acid [MLI (μm): 25.00±0.19 vs. 30.10±0.29, 38.80±0.41, DI: (26.32±3.05)% vs. (29.75±6.17)%, (40.56±5.81)%, IL-6 in serum (ng/L): 9.20±1.87 vs. 12.35±2.16, 18.95±3.12, TNF-α(ng/L): 13.37±2.73 vs. 18.02±2.62, 21.31±3.75, IL-6 (ng/L) in BALF: 64.27±11.72 vs. 99.33±13.02, 120.31±18.02, TNF-α(ng/L): 58.20±10.28 vs. 93.83±16.26, 122.68±14.85, P-ERK/ERK (gray value): 0.43±0.04 vs. 0.46±0.04, 0.52±0.02, P-p38MAPK/p38MAPK (gray value): 0.33±0.03 vs. 0.34±0.03, 0.38±0.02, P-JNK/JNK (gray value): 0.32±0.04 vs. 0.38±0.05, 0.47±0.06). The ferulic acid could improve the inflammatory cell infiltration situation in mice with COPD. Conclusions Ferulic acid can improve pulmonary inflammation in COPD rats. The effective mechanism is possibly related to the inhibition of the protein expressions and phosphorylation levels of the key proteins such as p38MAPK, ERK and JNK in the MAPK signaling pathway.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 686-690, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential association between occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis induced by trichloroethylene( OMDT) and past infection,reactivation and recent infection of human herpesvirus 6( HHV6) and human cytomegalovirus( HCMV). METHODS: Twenty OMDT patients were recruited as case group by using judgment sampling method. Twenty healthy workers occupationally exposed to trichloroethylene for more than half a year were randomly selected as exposure group. Twenty healthy people with no exposure history to trichloroethylene were randomly selected as control group. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to qualitatively determine the titer of HHV6 and HCMV immunoglobulin( Ig) G,Ig M antibodies from serum samples of these subjects. The polymerase chain reaction was used to qualitatively detect HHV6 and HCMV DNA from whole blood DNA samples of these subjects. The differences of previous infection rate,reactivation rate and recent infection rate of HHV6 and HCMV among these three groups of patients with different clinical types of OMDT were analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of HHV6 and HCMV infection in the case group was higher than that in the control group,and the difference was statistically significant( 65. 5% vs 20. 0%,75. 0% vs15. 0%,P < 0. 017). The reactivation rate of HHV6 and HCMV in the case group was higher than that in the control group,but the difference was not statistically significant( P > 0. 017). The recent infection rate of HHV6 and HCMV in the case group was not significantly different from that in the control group( P > 0. 017). There was no significant difference in the past infection rate,reactivation rate and recent infection rate of HHV6 and HCMV between the exposure group and the control group( P > 0. 05),meanwhile in different clinical types of OMDT patients( P > 0. 05). CONCLUSION: OMDT may be associated with past infection of HHV6 and HCMV.

14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 861-864, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693684

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the different drying technology.on Wudang Lonicerae Flos (Ⅰ) in chlorogenic acid content.Methods Using HPLC method to research the difference in the contents of chlorogenic acid of Wudang Lonicerae Flos (Ⅰ) employing oven-drying method,air-dried method and steamed drying technologies.DIONEX C18 (4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was used.The mobile phases consisted of acetonitrile-0.4% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (17 ∶ 83).The detection wavelengths of chlorogenic acid was 327nm.The flow rate was 0.4 ml/min.The column temperature was 30 ℃.Results The Separation of Chlorogenic acid content was satisfactory.The concentration and peak area showed a good linearity relationship with the range of 0.285-2.850 μg.Precision,repeatability and stability met the requirements.The average recovery was 100.26% with RSD 1.95%.Chlorogenic acid content in the steamed drying Wudang Honeysuckle (Ⅰ) was higher.Conclusions The method of steam drying is better than that of oven-drying method and drying.

15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 773-779, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693316

ABSTRACT

Artificial joint replacement is an important means for the treatment of severe joint end-stage diseases such as hip and knee joint,which has obtained satisfactory clinical efficacy,but the postoperative periprosthetic osteolysis (PPO),which is mediated by wear particles,restricts the long-term effect of artificial joints.It is found that wear particles increase the expression of cytokines and inflammatory factors by stimulating the cells around the prosthesis,activate different signaling pathways,promote the imbalance between bone formation mediated by local osteoblasts and bone resorption mediated by osteoclast so as to lose of the local bone mass,and eventually produce osteolysis and aseptic loosening.This article reviews the different signal pathways activated by wear particles in recent years,in order to explore the pathogenesis of PPO and to open up new avenues for its prevention and treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 56-59, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the data of non-invasive prenatal testing based on specific loci of circulating cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA). METHODS Selected loci of target chromosomes were analyzed by sequence capture and sequencing. Meanwhile, 600 loci were selected from other chromosomes for determining the concentration of cffDNA. RESULTS A total of 768 specific loci were captured on chromosomes 21 and 18, and used to determine whether the two were abnormal. When the minimum concentration of detected cffDNA was set at 3% and the threshold of Z score was set to [-6,6], the specificity of the analysis was 99.37% and the sensitivity was 100%. CONCLUSION A reliable, convenient and low-cost analytical method has been developed. The method requires less sequencing data for non-invasive prenatal testing, and can accurately detect abnormalities of fetal chromosomes 21 and 18, and simultaneously determine the concentration of cffDNA.

17.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 808-812, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709876

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of classⅠhistone deacetylase (HDAC) in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I∕R) injury in diabetic rats and the relationship with adenosine monophosphate-acti- vated protein kinase (AMPK)∕mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. Methods SPF healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 210-220 g, were used in this study. Type I diabetes mellitus was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin dissolved in citrate buffer 60 mg∕kg, and 8 weeks later the rats with type I diabetes mellitus were used for experiment. Forty-eight diabetic rats were divided into 4 groups (n=12 each) by using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), myocardial I∕R group (group I∕R), myocardial I∕R plus class I HDAC inhibitor MS-275 group (group I∕R+MS) and myocardial I∕R plus MS-275 plus AMPK inhibitor Compound C group ( group I∕R+MS+CC). Myocardial I∕R was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of the coronary ar-tery for 45 min followed by 180 min of reperfusion in anesthetized rats. In group I∕R+MS, MS-275 10 mg∕kg was intraperitoneally injected once a day for 7 consecutive days, and myocardial I∕R was produced after the end of administration. AMPK inhibitor Compound C 0. 5 mg∕kg was intravenously injected at 30 min before ischemia in group I∕R+MS+CC. Six rats were sacrificed at the end of reperfusion for determina-tion of myocardial infarct size. Another 6 rats were selected at the end of reperfusion and sacrificed for deter-mination of the level of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in serum (by en-zyme-linked immunosorbent assay), expression of AMPK, phosphorylated AMPK ( p-AMPK), mTOR, phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), ubiquitin-binding protein P62 (P62), microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 Ⅰ(LC3 Ⅰ) and LC3Ⅱ in myocardial tissues (by Western blot). The ratios of p-AMPK∕AMPK, p-mTOR∕mTOR and LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰwere calculated. Results Compared with group S, the myocardial infarct size and levels of serum CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased in I∕R, I∕R+MS and I∕R+M+CC groups, the ratios of p-AMPK∕AMPK and LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰwere significantly increased, p-mTOR∕mTOR ratio was decreased, and P62 expression was down-regulated in group I∕R+MS (P<0. 05), and no significant change was found in p-AMPK∕AMPK ratio, p-mTOR∕mTOR ratio, LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰ ratio or P62 expression in I∕R and I∕R+M+CC groups (P>0. 05). Compared with group I∕R, the myocardial infarct size and levels of serum CK-MB and LDH were significantly decreased, the ratios of p-AMPK∕AMPK and LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰwere in-creased, p-mTOR∕mTOR ratio was decreased, and P62 expression was down-regulated in group I∕R+MS (P<0. 05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group I∕R+M+CC (P>0. 05). Compared with group I∕R+MS, the myocardial infarct size and levels of serum CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased, the ratios of p-AMPK∕AMPK and LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰ were decreased, p-mTOR∕mTOR ratio was increased, and P62 expression was up-regulated in group I∕R+M+CC ( P<0. 05). Con-clusion Class Ⅰ HDAC is involved in myocardial I∕R injury through enhancing AMPK∕mTOR signaling pathway-regulated level of autophagy in diabetic rats.

18.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 141-145, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705472

ABSTRACT

Thromboxane A2 receptors (TPs) widely distribute in different organ systems and localize both on cell membranes and in intracellular structures.TPs are the members of seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) super family.Historical-ly, the involvement of TPs in platelet functions has received the greatest attention .TPs have the capacity to activate different signaling cascades which regulate platelet shape change , aggregation and secretion response .Currently , anti-platelet drugs primarily act on re-ceptors and /or signaling molecules in activation pathways .The signaling transduction of TPs in platelet contributes to the investigation of the effects of extracts of traditional Chinese medicine on antiplatelet aggregation and the exploration of the action mechanisms .

19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 325-330, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617845

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Methods 503 patients with CLL admitted from October 1998 to February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Baseline characteristics were compared using Chi-square test and Kaplan-Meier methodology was undertaken for survival analyses. Results The median age was 58 years (26-86 years):335 cases were male and 168 cases were female. 204 cases (40.5%) were at the clinical stage of Binet A, followed by Binet B (148 cases, 30.1%) and Binet C (151 cases, 29.3%). 108 cases (21.1%) had anemia at diagnosis, while 113 cases (26.5 %) had an elevated level of lactate dehydrogenase and the expression of CD38 was detected among 100 cases (29.1 %). Clonal abnormalities were observed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. Those involving 13q deletion were the most frequent (156 cases, 47.3 %), followed by IgH translocation (22.4 %), trisomy 12 (21.2 %) and 17p deletion (14.5 %). The mutational status of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region was determined among 230 cases, 165 cases (71.7%) of which were found to be with mutated status. The most frequently encountered gene was V4-34 (28 cases, 12.4 %). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 89.0 months (95 %CI 75.0-103.0 months), while the median overall survival was 129.0 months (95 %CI 106.9-151.1 months). Conclusion Compared with patients in the western world, CLL patients in this study are younger at diagnosis and have longer overall survival, which, to some extent, could reflects the characteristics of CLL patients in China.

20.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 447-450, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513127

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the best extraction technology of total flavonoids in Wudang pine needle tea.Methods The contents of total flavonoids were taken as index, and orthogonal design of L9(34) was applied to process ultrasonic extraction.Results The order of factors of affecting extraction technology was solid to liquid ratio > ultrasonic power > ultrasonic time. The optimized extraction technology was as follows: adding 500 times volume of purified water, ultrasonic extracting for 15 minutes with ultrasound power 500 W at 40℃. The average content of total flavonoids was 39.701 mg/g.Conclusions The optimal extraction technology is simple, efficient and feasible, and can be used for extracting total flavonoids from Wudang pine needle tea, providing basis for the formulation of quality standards.

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