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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 207-222, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011245

ABSTRACT

Modulating Tankyrases (TNKS), interactions with USP25 to promote TNKS degradation, rather than inhibiting their enzymatic activities, is emerging as an alternative/specific approach to inhibit the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Here, we identified UAT-B, a novel neoantimycin analog isolated from Streptomyces conglobatus, as a small-molecule inhibitor of TNKS-USP25 protein-protein interaction (PPI) to overcome multi-drug resistance in colorectal cancer (CRC). The disruption of TNKS-USP25 complex formation by UAT-B led to a significant decrease in TNKS levels, triggering cell apoptosis through modulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Importantly, UAT-B successfully inhibited the CRC cells growth that harbored high TNKS levels, as demonstrated in various in vitro and in vivo studies utilizing cell line-based and patient-derived xenografts, as well as APCmin/+ spontaneous CRC models. Collectively, these findings suggest that targeting the TNKS-USP25 PPI using a small-molecule inhibitor represents a compelling therapeutic strategy for CRC treatment, and UAT-B emerges as a promising candidate for further preclinical and clinical investigations.

2.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 136-140, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931914

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its correlation with clinical symptoms in patients with first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia patients of different genders.Methods:From January 2016 to October 2019, a total of 81 first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia patients(patient group, 41 male, 40 female) and 64 healthy controls (control group, 40 male, 24 female) were included in this study.The serum level of VEGF was detected with flow cytometric bear array (CBA). Positive and negative symptom scale (PANSS) was used to evaluate the relevant clinical symptoms of patients.SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t-test and nonparametric test were used for comparison between groups.The relationship between VEGF and clinical variables was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Results:The level of serum VEGF in the patient group was significantly lower than that in the control group(148.08(75.89, 208.61)pg/mL, 179.94(99.14, 318.41)pg/mL, Z=-2.20, P=0.028). The total PANSS score((82.71±17.30), (73.45±16.36), t=2.473, P=0.016)and cognitive score((7.88±3.36), (6.23±2.81), t=2.402, P=0.019) in male patients were higher than those in female patients.There was a negative correlation between VEGF level and PANSS negative symptom score in the patient group( r=-0.228, P=0.041), as well as significant negtive correlation between VEGF level and cognitive score in male patients( r=-0.425, P=0.007). Conclusion:The level of serum VEGF is reduced in first-episode patients with schizophrenia, which influences their negative symptom. Moreover, the decline in serum VEGF level is implicated in cognitive impairments in male patients with first-episode schizophrenia.

3.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e35-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926465

ABSTRACT

Background@#The testis has been reported to be a naturally O 2 -deprived organ, dimethyloxaloylglycine (DMOG) can inhibit hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1α) subject to degradation under normal oxygen condition in cells. @*Objectives@#The objective of this study is to detect the effects of DMOG on the proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in Bama minipigs. @*Methods@#Gradient concentrations of DMOG were added into the culture medium, HIF-1αprotein in SSCs was detected by western blot analysis, the relative transcription levels of the SSC-specific genes were analyzed using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Six days post-induction, the genes related to spermatogenesis were detected by qRT-PCR, and the DNA content was determined by flow cytometry. @*Results@#Results revealed that the levels of HIF-1α protein increased in SSCs with the DMOG treatment in a dose-dependent manner. The relative transcription levels of SSCspecific genes were significantly upregulated (p < 0.05) by activating HIF-1α expression. The induction results showed that DMOG significantly increased (p < 0.05) the spermatogenesis capability of SSCs, and the populations of haploid cells significantly increased (p < 0.05) in DMOG-treated SSCs when compared to those in DMOG-untreated SSCs. @*Conclusion@#We demonstrate that DMOG can promote the spermatogenesis activity of SSCs.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2561-2569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955050

ABSTRACT

Objective:Under the guidance of evidence-based theory, the discharge preparation intervention plan for stroke patients was constructed, in order to provide a reference for improving the discharge preparation of stroke patients.Methods:To retrieve the relevant guidelines, consensus, literature and quality evaluation, summarize relevant evidence and evaluate the first draft of the intervention plan, implement two rounds of expert enquiry, according to the expert score and opinions, and improve the entries after the group discussion to form the final intervention plan.Results:In the two rounds of correspondence, the expert positive coefficient was 100%, the expert authority coefficient was 0.81 and 0.84 respectively, and the Kendall harmony coefficient of each entry was 0.165 and 0.453 respectively. The difference was statistical significant ( P<0.05). The ultimate in intervention plan included 6 primary entry, 23 secondary entries. Conclusions:The discharge preparation intervention plan for stroke patients constructed in this study is scientific, reliable and feasible, and is of great significance to improving the discharge preparation of stroke patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 738-742, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004468

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the availability and convenience of emergency blood transfusion in mainland China, and develop strategies for improvement. 【Methods】 The electronic questionnaire was self-made by the research team, and pushed to physicians and technicians related to emergency blood use and supply nationwide through the WeChat group of professional organizations such as the Chinese Medical Doctor Association′s Emergency Resuscitation and Disaster Medicine Professional Committee. The data was automatically aggregated by the internet survey platform named questionnaire star, and analyzed by statistics software SPSS 21.0. 【Results】 1) General information: A total of 3 151 questionnaires were collected, of which 85% (2 678 / 3 151), from 31 provinces, municipalities or autonomous regions in mainland China were valid, and 39%(1 044/2 678), 22%(577/2 678), 39%(1 057/2 678) were from the east, middle and west region, respectively; 78%(2 099/2 678) were from tertiary hospitals, and 22%(579/2 678) secondary hospitals and below; 60%(1 607/2 678), 16%(425/2 678), and 24%(646/2 678) were from Emergency Department(EM), Intensive Care Department (ICU) and other departments respectively. The respondents with senior position titles took up 34%(906/2 678) while those with intermediate and junior position titles took up 30% (798/2 678) and 36%(974/2 678) respectively. 2) Availability : 63%(1 680/2 678) of the respondents experienced untimely and insufficient blood supply at least once during June 2017 to May 2020, of which 75% (1 256/1 680) occurred in the past year. In the past half year, 51% (381/1 057) of respondents in the western region and 34% (713/2 099) in tertiary hospitals experienced more emergency blood shortages (P<0.05). The most prone to clinical blood supply shortage were red blood cells and whole blood, platelets and other plasma components, accounting for 43% (1151/2678), 42% (1125/2678) and 15% (402/2678), respectively. 48% (1 274/2 678) respondents believed that the insufficient blood supply for emergency use " has caused a significant adverse effect on the quality of rescue", and 40% (1 081/2 678) believed that it was " a potential medical safety threat" .3)Convenience: The waiting time for emergency blood transfusionwithin 0.5 h, 1 h and 2 h accounted for 28% (741/2 678), 71%(1 903/2 678) and 90% (2 547/2 678), respectively. The waiting time of emergency blood transfusion within 0.5 h accounted for 50% (286 / 577) in central region, which was significantly higher than that in eastern or western region (P < 0.05). 67% (889/2 678) of respondents experienced blood inventory depletion, of which 30%(792/2 678) had to wait for more than 8 hours for resuming blood supply. 80% (751/1 057) of the respondents in the western region experienced inventory depletion, significantly higher than that in the central region (P<0.05). 4)The influencing factors were mainly insufficient blood donation, growth of clinical demand in blood, blood waste due to expiration and clinical irrational use, accounted for 56% (1 485/2 678), 23% (619/2 678), 7% (183/2 678) and 6% (167/2 678) respectively. 60% (633/1 057) of the respondents in the western region considered insufficient blood donation as the influencing factors, statistically higher than that in the eastern and central regions (P<0.05).5)Suggestions for improvement included more voluntary blood donation, development of blood substitutes, standardization of clinical blood use and extension of blood storage shelf life, accounted for 49% (1 326/2 678), 24% (645/2 678), 19% (499/2 678), and 8% (208/2 678), respectively. 53% (561/1 057) of the respondents in the western region suggested strengthening voluntary blood donation (P<0.05), while 26% (268/1 044), 26% (152/577), 25% (553/2099) of respondents in the eastern, central region and tertiary hospitals respectively suggested strengthening the research and development of blood substitutes (P<0.05). 56% (504/906) of respondents with senior professional titles recommended strengthening voluntary blood donation, while 26% (453/1 772) and 0.9% (164/1 772) of those with intermediate and junior technical titles recommended research and development of blood substitutes and improvement of blood storage technology, respectively(P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The whole blood reserve can not fully meet clinical emergency needs at present stage, especially in the western region and some tertiary hospitals,, showing the necessity to adopt comprehensive measures to further improve the availability and convenience of emergency blood transfusion, including strengthening voluntary blood donation, developing blood substitutes, prompting rational clinical blood use and improving blood storage technology.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2313-2321, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908244

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of Orem self-care model for elderly patients with hip fracture.Methods:The databases including Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library Database, Wanfang, CNKI, VIP, and CMB were searched from inception to September 2020. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the Orem self-care model applied in elderly patients with hip fracture were included. Two investigators independently screened research, extracted data and assessed the quality of literature based on standard methods. RevMan 5.3 software was performed to conduct the Meta-analysis.Results:A total of 11 RCTs were included, involving 1 088 patients. Compared with conventional nursing model, self-care model could effectively reduce the incidence of complications during hospitalization ( RR=0.26, 95% CI 0.18-0.39, P<0.001) and improve the Harris scores ( MD=13.33, 95% CI 11.09-15.57, P<0.001) of elderly patients with hip fracture. However, the impacts of self-care model on alleviating postoperative pain was still uncertain. Additionally, the self-care model could shorten hospital stay, but the combined effect size was unavailable due to the high heterogeneity between related studies. Conclusions:In comparison with conventional nursing model, the Orem self-care model was more beneficial to shorten the hospitalization stay, reduce the incidence of postoperative complications and promote hip joint function of elderly patients with hip fractures. To confirm the effectiveness of self-care models in pain management for elderly patients with hip fractures, multicenter RCTs with high quality and large samples are needed.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1003-1006, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize critical cases of emergency helicopter transferring between hospitals and improve the quality and safety of critical care.Methods:The task records of Guangxi Aviation Medical Rescue Training Base from September 2017 to September 2020 were retrieved. The mission acceptance, implementation results, disease spectrum composition, pre-transfer preparation and medical intervention on board were summarized.Results:① General information: a total of 168 patients of helicopter transfer requests were registered, of which 36 patients were transferred, 35 patients were successful, 1 patient had cardiac arrest during the landing phase, and died several hours after continuous resuscitation. Of the 36 patients 30 were males and 6 were females, with median age of 50.5 (29.8, 66.0) years old, the average transfer time was (54.95±17.89) minutes, and the average transfer distance was (205.74±74.68) km. ② Disease spectrum included 11 cases of stroke (30.55%), 7 cases of trauma (19.45%), 5 cases of severe pneumonia (13.89%), 5 cases of heart and macro-vascular diseases (13.89%), 5 cases of abdominal emergency (13.89%), and 3 other conditions (8.33%).③ Severity: 31 patients (86.11%) were severe (≥15) according to acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score; 19 patients (52.78%) were high-risk emergency transport (≥6) according to Hamilton early warning score (HEWS); 6 patients (85.71% of trauma patients) were severe trauma (≥16) according to injury severity score (ISS). ④ Preparation before transfer: remote consultation was carried out to evaluate the latest state of the patient's condition, especially the respiratory and circulatory conditions. Relevant items were reviewed and emergency treatments were implemented when necessary. Targeted preparation was made for accidents that might occur during transfer, such as electrocardiogram (94.44%), blood gas analysis (94.44%), brain CT (36.11%) and other auxiliary examinations, endotracheal intubation or tracheotomy (72.22%), deep vein catheterization (91.67%), placement of gastric tube (86.11%) and urinary tube (88.89%), adjustment of sedative (38.89%), vasoactive drugs (58.33%) and drugs for dehydration and lowering intracranial pressure (33.33%), and fixation of fracture (11.11%), etc. ⑤ On-board medical intervention: cardiac monitoring, blood pressure, respiration and blood oxygen monitoring were carried out in all patients. The parameters of patients using ventilator were adjusted in time (66.67%). The dosage of patients using micropump was adjusted in time (91.67%). Other aspects included the use of sedative and analgesics (38.89%), sputum suction nursing (75.00%), all kinds of catheter nursing (endotracheal intubation/incision nursing of 72.22%, indwelling catheter nursing of 88.89%), and cardiopulmonary resuscitation for patient with cardiac arrest (2.78%).Conclusion:As the patients transferred by helicopter are mainly those of critically ill at this stage, the requirements for airborne medical equipment and rescue technology are high, and there is an urgent need to establish technical specifications and personnel training standards.

8.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 289-295, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867065

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the Spike and the Gamma rhythm of the local field potential (LFP) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) transgenic mice during fear memory activity.Methods:Six-month-old APP/PS1/tau three transgenic (3xTg) mice and wild-type (WT) mice were divided into 3xTg group and WT group, with 10 mice in each group. The electrodes were embedded into the hippocampus of mice under sterile conditions, and the behavioral experiment of conditioned fear box test was carried out two weeks later. The changes of Gamma rhythm, Spike and Burst firing were recorded and analyzed by the wireless telemetry device which embedded in the mouse head. Finally, the correlation between Gamma rhythm and Spike was calculated by entropy value.Results:(1) In behavioral experiments, the freezing ratio caused by conditioned stimulation (CS) in 3xTg mice was ((54.07±2.32)%), which was significantly lower than that of WT mice ((76.21±2.88)%) ( t=4.796, P<0.01). (2) Simultaneously recorded the average power of the Gamma oscillation in the Pre-CS period of the WT mice was ((11.574±1.147) dB), which increased to ((18.108±1.177) dB) after CS ( t=3.386, P<0.01). After CS administration, the average power of Gamma in 3xTg group((12.346±1.345) dB) was significantly lower than that of WT group ( t=3.423, P<0.01). (3) The frequency of Spike release in WT mice during the Pre-CS period was ((5.667±1.475)times/s), significantly increased to ((11.008±1.335) times/s) after CS ( t=3.542, P<0.01). The frequency of Spike release of 3xTg mice after CS ((5.249±1.033) times/s) was significantly lower than that of WT group ( t=4.788, P<0.01). (4) The Burst duration of WT group in pre-CS and CS period were ((0.550±0.043)s) and ((1.075±0.034)s), respectively. It suggested that the Burst firing frequency of WT group increased significantly after conditional stimulation ( t=5.188, P<0.01). However, the release interval of 3xTg group after CS ((0.619±0.033)s) was significantly lower than that of WT group ( t=3.352, P<0.01). (5) After CS, the Spike-Gamma entropy curve of WT mice was always higher than that of 3xTg mice. The maximum correlation of WT group and 3xTG group were (0.403±0.031) and (0.314±0.028), respectively. The Spike-Gamma correlation of the 3xTg group was significantly lower than WT mice ( t=3.372, P<0.01). Conclusion:The defect of fear memory in Alzheimer's disease may be caused by the disharmony of Spike-LFP (Gamma) distribution.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 210-214, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and mechanisms of low-dose hydrocortisone on myocardial injury in early septic shock rats.Methods:Seventy-two healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into Sham group, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) model group (LPS group) and low dose hydrocortisone intervention group (LD group) according to the random number table method, with 24 rats in each group. The rat model of septic shock was produced by intravenous injection of LPS at 20 mg/kg. Sham group was injected with an equal amount of physiological saline. The LD group was injected 5 mg/kg of hydrocortisone via right femoral vein after model establishment. Sham group and LPS group were injected with an equal amount of physiological saline. Blood pressure and heart rate (HR) of rats in each group were continuously monitored. In each group, 8 rats were sacrificed for arterial blood gas analysis at 0, 3 and 6 hours after model establishment, and the level of plasma N-terminal B-type brain natriuretic peptide precursor (NT-proBNP) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expressions of cleaved-caspase-3 and nuclear factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65) were detected by Western Blot. Myocardial tissue was harvested 6 hours after model establishment, the histopathological changes were observed by hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining, and the apoptosis rate of myocardial cells was detected by terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL).Results:After LPS injection, mean arterial pressure (MAP) decreased significantly at 1 hour, then gradually increased, and was significantly higher than Sham group at 6 hours. There was no significant change in HR, and the difference was not statistically significant compared with Sham group. Blood lactic acid (Lac), base excess (BE), plasma NT-proBNP level, myocardial tissue caspase-3 and NF-κB p65 expression increased with the extension of time, all reach the peak in 6 hours, and significantly higher than Sham group. After early treatment with low-dose hydrocortisone in septic shock, MAP showed an increasing trend and Lac, BE decreased slowly. At 6 hours, MAP, Lac and BE were significantly lower than those in the LPS group [MAP (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 98.6±7.5 vs. 106.1±8.5, Lac (mmol/L): 1.29±0.08 vs. 2.42±0.37, BE (mmol/L): 4.45±0.57 vs. 8.18±1.03, all P < 0.05]. The level of plasma NT-proBNP, and the expressions of caspase-3 and NF-κB p65 in myocardial tissue were significantly lower than those in LPS group at 3 hours and 6 hours after low-dose hydrocortisol treatment [NT-proBNP (ng/L): 2 740.56±97.31 vs. 4 425.60±743.32 at 3 hours, 2 638.81±205.12 vs. 4 993.01±373.78 at 6 hours; caspase-3/GAPDH: 0.567±0.045 vs. 0.841±0.162 at 3 hours, 0.496±0.071 vs. 1.116±0.172 at 6 hours; NF-κB p65/GAPDH: 0.852±0.734 vs. 1.232±0.115 at 3 hours, 0.783±0.047 vs. 1.383±0.215 at 6 hours, all P < 0.05]. HE staining results showed that myocardial cells in the LPS group were broken and inflammatory cells infiltrated. The myocardial histopathological changes in LD group were significantly less than those in LPS group. TUNEL staining showed that the apoptosis of myocardial cells in LPS group increased, and the apoptosis rate was significantly higher than that in Sham group [(82.41±1.57)% vs. (5.77±0.69)%, P < 0.05]. The apoptosis rate in LD group was significantly lower than that in LPS group [(27.82±1.77)% vs. (82.41±1.57)%, P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Low-dose hydrocortisone plays a protective role in the myocardial injury of early septic shock, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of caspase-3 and NF-κB p65 expression, the reduction of apoptosis rate and myocardial inhibition.

10.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 362-365, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of levetiracetam on bone metabolism and thyroid hormone levels in children with epilepsy.Methods:A total of 20 children with epilepsy first diagnosed in our hospital from July 2016 to June 2017 were selected as the treatment group, the other 20 children who received physical examination in the same period were selected as the control group.The treatment group was given oral LEV monotherapy for 12 months.The changes of bone metabolism indexes[blood calcium, blood phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase activities, osteocalcin, parathyroid hormone, 25-(OH)D], bone mineral density(BMD)and serum thyroid hormone(triiodothyronine, tetraiodothyronine, free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, thyroid stimulating hormone) in the control group and the treatment group were detected before, 6 and 12 months after medication.Results:(1)There were no statistically significant differences in bone metabolism indexes and BMD between the control group and the treatment group before medication( P>0.05). The differences showed no statistically significant in bone metabolism indexes and BMD among different time points of treatment group( P>0.05). (2)There were no significant differences in thyroid hormone levels between the control group and the treatment group before medication( P>0.05). There were no significant differences in thyroid hormone levels among different time points of treatment group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Levetiracetam has no significant effects on bone metabolism and thyroid hormone level in epileptic children.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 192-196, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the clinical and genetic characteristics of a family of creatine transporter deficiency (CRTR-D) caused by SLC6A8 gene mutation.Methods:A patient, who came from Department of Neurology, Shanxi Children′s Hospital in September 2018, with epilepsy and unexplained general developmental retardation, was clinically examined. The medical history of his family was also collected. Genetic detection was performed to analyze their genetic causes.Results:The proband, a three years and three months old boy, was walking unsteadily, unable to speak and having frequent seizures, with increased urine creatine/creatinine ratio and decreased peak of cerebral creatine indicated by magnetic resonance spectrum. The proband′s uncle had the similar symptoms with him. The mother of the proband only showed some learning difficulties, while the father, sister and grandparents of the proband had no symptoms. The proband was found to have TTC deletion mutation of SLC6A8 gene (NM_005629), c. 1222_1224del (p.Phe408del), suggestting the diagnosis of X-linked CRTR-D. The proband′s mother and grandmother had heterozygous mutations. The proband′s uncle carried the same hemizygous mutation, which was not detected in the proband′s father, sister or grandfather.Conclusion:In this family of CRTR-D caused by SLC6A8 gene mutation, two female carriers with the same mutation presented different clinical features, suggesting phenotypic variation, which has a great significance in studying the correlation between genotype and phenotype.

12.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 592-599, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758855

ABSTRACT

In this study, we attempted to establish a culture system for in vitro spermatogenesis from spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) of Bama mini-pig. Dissociated testicular cells from 1-month-old pigs were co-cultured to mimic in vivo spermatogenesis. The testicular cells were seeded in minimum essential medium alpha (α-MEM) supplemented with Knockout serum replacement (KSR). Three-dimensional colonies formed after 10 days of culture. The colonies showed positive staining for SSC-associated markers such as UCHL1, PLZF, THY1, OCT4, Dolichos biflorus agglutinin, and alkaline phosphatase. Induction of SSCs was performed in α-MEM + KSR supplemented with retinoic acid, bone morphogenetic protein 4, activin A, follicle-stimulating hormone, or testosterone. The results showed that STRA8, DMC1, PRM1, and TNP1 were upregulated significantly in the colonies after induction compared to that in testis from 1-month-old pigs, while expression levels of those genes were significantly low compared to those in 2-month-old testis. However, upregulation of ACROSIN was not significant. Replacement of α-MEM and KSR with Iscove's modified Dulbecco's medium and fetal bovine serum did not upregulate expression of these genes significantly. These results indicate that SSCs of Bama mini-pig could undergo differentiation and develop to a post-meiotic stage in α-MEM supplemented with KSR and induction factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Acrosin , Activins , Alkaline Phosphatase , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 , Dolichos , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , In Vitro Techniques , Spermatogenesis , Stem Cells , Swine , Testis , Testosterone , Tretinoin , Up-Regulation
13.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 425-429, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694396

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy of two different modes of surgical intervention for the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH):YL-1 type hematoma removed by needle aspiration plus bio-enzyme liquefaction versus conventional craniectomy plus hematoma evacuation.Methods Medical records of 23 patients with HICH treated from December 2012 to February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.The differences in demographics,length of operation time,costs and length of hospital stay,Glasgow Outcome Scale scores and 3-month follow-up results were compared between the YL-1 type hematoma removed by needle aspiration plus bio-enzyme liquefaction in 12 patients and conventional craniectomy plus hematoma evacuation in 11 patients.Results There were no significant differences in the gender (male 58.33% vs.63.64%,femal 41.67% vs.36.36%),age (65.5±11.8 years vs.56.8±10.1 years),preoperative GCS (6.83±3.93 vs.5.82±3.40),intracranial hematoma volume (50.52±23.07 mL vs.68.77±11.18 mL) and length of hospital stay (15.58±14.72 days vs.22.45±18.37 days) (P>0.05);There were statistically significant differences in length of operation time (0.73±0.21 h vs.3.92±0.67 h) and hospitalization costs (45 230.50±36 566.88 yuan of RMB vs.79 857.90±34 916.48 yuan of RMB) between two groups (P<0.05);Follow-up 3 months,there were no significant differences in rate of good recovery 33.3% vs.18.1%,severe disability rate (25.0% vs.27.3%) and mortality rate (41.7% vs.54.6%) between two groups (P>0.05).Conclusions The minimally invasive YL-1 type hematoma aspiration procedure with bio-enzyme liquefaction as a minimally invasive surgery may be superior to conventional craniectomy for treating HICH because it can offer shorter operation time,more accurate hematoma localization,lower risk of injury,and lower hospitalization costs.In particular,the procedure is suitable for elderly,frail,and poor general condition patients.It can also be applied as emergency treatment for HICH.

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