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Protein & Cell ; (12): 761-769, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757468


Bacterial cell division is strictly regulated in the formation of equal daughter cells. This process is governed by a series of spatial and temporal regulators, and several new factors of interest to the field have recently been identified. Here, we report the requirement of gluconate 5-dehydrogenase (Ga5DH) in cell division of the zoonotic pathogen Streptococcus suis. Ga5DH catalyzes the reversible reduction of 5-ketogluconate to D-gluconate and was localized to the site of cell division. The deletion of Ga5DH in S. suis resulted in a plump morphology with aberrant septa joining the progeny. A significant increase was also observed in cell length. These defects were determined to be the consequence of Ga5DH deprivation in S. suis causing FtsZ delocalization. In addition, the interaction of FtsZ with Ga5DH in vitro was confirmed by protein interaction assays. These results indicate that Ga5DH may function to prevent the formation of ectopic Z rings during S. suis cell division.

Bacterial Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Division , Cell Shape , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Mutation , Oxidoreductases , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Binding , Streptococcus suis
Protein & Cell ; (12): 250-258, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757102


NDM-1 (New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase) gene encodes a metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) with high carbapenemase activity, which makes the host bacterial strain easily dispatch the last-resort antibiotics known as carbapenems and cause global concern. Here we present the bioinformatics data showing an unexpected similarity between NDM-1 and beta-lactamase II from Erythrobacter litoralis, a marine microbial isolate. We have further expressed these two mature proteins in E. coli cells, both of which present as a monomer with a molecular mass of 25 kDa. Antimicrobial susceptibility assay reveals that they share similar substrate specificities and are sensitive to aztreonam and tigecycline. The conformational change accompanied with the zinc binding visualized by nuclear magnetic resonance, Zn(2+)-bound NDM-1, adopts at least some stable tertiary structure in contrast to the metal-free protein. Our work implies a close evolutionary relationship between antibiotic resistance genes in environmental reservoir and in the clinic, challenging the antimicrobial resistance monitoring.

Amino Acid Sequence , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Aztreonam , Pharmacology , Cephalosporinase , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Computational Biology , Methods , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Genetics , Enzyme Stability , Evolution, Molecular , Minocycline , Pharmacology , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid , Sphingomonadaceae , Genetics , Tigecycline , Zinc , Pharmacology , beta-Lactamases , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism