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Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 40-45, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745209


Objective To explore the imaging features of brucellar spondylitis (BS).Methods The imaging data of 49 cases who were diagnosed as brucellar spondylitis by a positive standard tube agglutination titer test (≥1:100) and (or) the isolation of brucella species from blood or other tissue at our institution between September 2012 and October 2016 were retrospectively reviewed.X-ray,CT scan and MRI examination was performed in 49,28 and 42 cases,respectively,of which 19 cases underwent both CT scan and MRI examination.The imaging manifestations of the spine were analyzed.The x2 test or Fisher's exact test were applied to compare the imaging manifestations of the patients who underwent both CT scan and MRI examination.Results Of the 49 patients,34 patients (69.4%) had involvement of the lumbar vertebra.Forty-five patients (91.8%) had contiguous involvement at adjacent 2 vertebral bodies.There were 10 cases (20.4%) with bony spur or bone bridge,3 cases (6.1%) with spondylolisthesis and 3 cases (6.1%)with slightly kyphosis deformity.There were 8 cases (28.6%) showing bone destruction of more than half of the vertebral body and 6 cases (21.4%) with sequestra on CT.There were 14 cases (33.3%) with psoas abscesses,of which 2 (4.8%) had migrating abscess.Epidural abscesses with dural sac compression were found in 17 cases (40.5%) and 3 cases (7.1%) showed nerve roots compression.There were statistically significant differences in the detection of vertebral bone destruction,bone marrow edema,hyperosteogeny,intervertebral disc changes,abscess formation and sequestrum between CT and MRI (P<0.05).Conclusion BS has characteristic imaging features.The presence of bone destruction,sequestrum,and migrating abscess should warrant the possibility of BS.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706358


Objective To observe the value of CT spectral imaging in assessment of synovial hemosiderin deposition (SHD) in the knee joint in patients with hemophilic arthropathy (HA).Methods Twenty-five HA patients (40 assessable knees) underwent CT spectral imaging and MR scanning.According to the MRI international prophylaxis study group (IPSG) score of SHD,the knees were divided into mild group and severe group.CT value,iron (water) concentration (FeC),water (iron) concentration (WC),effective atomic number (Eff-Z) and average spectral curve slope (aSCS) of SHD area were measured and calculated,respectively.Meanwhile,the adjacent semi-membrane muscles in the same slice were taken as controls.The spectral parameters of CT were compared with One-Way ANOVA,and ROC curves were plotted to obtain the spectral parameters and the optical diagnostic threshold of SHD.Results CT value,FeC,and aSCS of SHD area were statistically significant among three groups (F=148.08,307.88,7.80,364.62 and 261.50,P<0.01),and the differences of parameters between any two groups except WC were statistically significant (all P<0.05).The area under ROC curve of SHD evaluated with aSCS was the largest,and the thresholds for the diagnosis of severe and mild SHD of aSCS was 1.84 and 0.42,respectively.Conclusion Multiple parameter analysis of CT spectral imaging is of great value for assessment of the severity of SHD in the knee joint in HA patients,therefore having important clinical significance.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617958


Objective To investigate the value of prenatal diagnosis in identifying the etiology and predicting the prognosis of fetal pleural effusion (FPE).Methods Forty-two cases of FPE were recruited in this study from January 2012 to September 2016.Ultrasound scan and genetic tests were performed on all fetuses.Seven fetuses with severe FPE were given pleurocentesis.Pregnancy outcomes of all the fetuses were followed up.Results FPE was commonly accompanied with other abnormalities,such as ascites,hydrops,hydramnion,hygroma colli,abnormal posturing,joint contractures,arrhythmia and micromandible.Chromosomal abnormality was detected in 11 fetuses (26.2%),of which ten were further confirmed by karyotype analysis,including six with 45,X,three trisomy 21 and one trisomy 18,and one was detected with a 9.83 Mb uniparental disomy (UPD) located at 12q24.21q24.31 by gene chip.One fetus was diagnosed with--SEA/--SEA thalassemia.All of the 12 families decided to terminate the pregnancies after genetic counseling.Among the other 30 fetuses,seven with severe FPE and normal karyotype underwent pleurocentesis.Five of the seven cases were with favorable outcomes,one with progressive hydrops was aborted and one neonate with severe hydrops died after birth.Spontaneous regression of FPE with good outcome was found in two cases.Parents of the other 21 fetuses chose to terminate the pregnancies.Conclusions Prenatal diagnosis is important to identify the etiology and predict the outcome of FPE.Chromosomal abnormality is a relatively common cause of FPE,and 45,X and trisomy 21 are the most common abnormalities.Intrauterine intervention is beneficial for FPE without chromosomal or other definite genetic abnormalities.Genetic test may be of great value for pregnant counseling.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503093


Objective To understand the distribution and antimicrobial resistance of pathogens causing wound in-fection in army officers and soldiers following military training injury,and provide reference for antimicrobial use in clinical anti-infection treatment.Methods Wound secretion from injured army patients who were admitted to a mili-tary hospital between January 2014 and June 2015 was performed bacterial culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing.Results 647 pathogenic bacteria strains were isolated from 1 029 wound secretion specimens ,isolation rate was 62.88%,the top 6 isolated bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus (S .aureus ,29.99%,n =194),Escherichia coli (E.coli,19.32%,n=125),Pseudomonas aeruginosa (19.17%,n=124),Enterococcus spp .(13.60%,n=88), Klebsiella pneumoniae (K .pneumoniae ,7.73%,n =50),and Acinetobacter baumannii (A.baumannii,5.87%, n=38).S .aureus and Enterococcus spp .had high susceptibility to vancomycin,linezolid ,and daptomycin (resist-ance rates ≤3.41 %),44.33% of S .aureus were methicillin-resistant,2.27% of Enterococcus spp .were vancomy-cin-resistant .E.coli and K .pneumoniae had high susceptibility rates to piperacillin/ tazobactam (resistance rates were 1 .60% and 0 respectively),except A.baumannii,resistance rates of gram-negative bacteria to carbapenems were all low (resistance rates ≤4.00%).Conclusion Military clinicians should select appropriate antimicrobial agents according to antimicrobial susceptibility testing results,reduce the disability rate due to infection in trauma patients,and provide clinical support for the treatment of the wounded.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477919


Objective To study the operative technique and effect of temporary balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta for preventing intraoperative bleeding during cesarean for patients with pernicious placenta previa and placenta accreta. Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted on the intraoperative situation of forty-one cases and information of follow-up twenty-nine cases, which were pernicious placenta previa and placenta accreta and delivered in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 1, 2013 to June 30, 2014. Diagnosis was confirmed by line of color Doppler ultrasound and MRI for all patients before operations. An interventional physician performed right femoral artery puncture and preset the abdominal aortic balloon catheter in the digital subtraction angiography operation room before cesarean. At the same time of fetal delivery, 10 ml normal saline was injected into the balloon immediately, which results in filling of the balloon and blocking of the aorta. According to the area and depth of placenta implantation and implantation or penetration of the posterior bladder wall, placenta separation, partial resection of the uterine wall and partial bladder resection and repair were performed correspondingly. Meanwhile, saline in the balloon was pumped out gradually until empty. Condition of placenta implantation, blood loss and blood transfusion volume during the operation, intraoperative and postoperative complications, the duration and dose of fetal radiation exposure, and Apgar score of neonates were analyzed. Results Among the 41 cases, penetrative placenta and implanted placenta were observed in five cases and 36 cases, respectively. The latter 36 cases including 28 cases of bladder posterior wall accreta and eight cases of bladder posterior wall penetration. For all cases, the average operation time was (68.5±15.3) min, the mean blood loss in the operation was (1 058±960) ml, among which eight received blood transfusion with an average of (600±400) ml, and the mean hospital stay was (8.2±2.3) d. Uteruses were reserved in all cases. The mean duration and dose of fetal radiation exposure was (8.1±3.6) s and (5.2±2.9) mGy, and the Apgar score of neonates was 8.7±0.5 at 1 min and 9.5±0.3 at 5 min, respectively. The patients were followed up until October 31, 2014. Among them, six were lost, six were still in puerperium, 18 were breast-feeding, and the menses of 11 had returned. Conclusion Preset abdominal aortic balloon catheter in pernicious placenta previa and placenta accrete patients might effectively reduce the blood loss during cesarean section as well as the risk of hysterectomy through temporary occlusion of the abdominal aorta.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484030


Objective To analyze the significance of time to positivity(TTP)of blood culture in differentiating bloodstream infection(BSI)from contamination during blood withdrawal.Methods Clinical data and TTP of blood culture in patients hospitalized in different departments from November 2013 to November 2014 were compared retrospectively,role of TTP in differential diagnosis of BSI was evaluated.Results Of 2 605 blood culture specimens,137 were positive for blood culture,78 (56.93%)of which were pathogenic bacteria and 59(43.07%) were contaminated bacteria,coagulase negative staphylococcus had the highest contamination rate(75.76%),while Escherichia coli had the lowest contamination rate(12.50%).TTP of pathogenic bacteria was shorter than that of contaminated bacteria ([13.86 ±8.19]h vs [40.72 ±20.96]h,P <0.05 ).Of pathogenic bacteria,Enterococcus had the earliest TTP ([10.20±8.00]h),followed by Escherichia coli ([11 .12 ±3.91 ]h),Staphylococcus aureus ([12.22±5.08]h),Klebsiella pneumoniae ([14.72±10.45]h),the other gram-negative bacteria([16.11 ±12.97] h),and coagulase negative staphylococci([16.42±5.74]h),fungi had the latest TTP ([29.04±3.67]h ).TTP of gram-negative bacteria was ≤16.59 h,sensitivity and specificity of BSI were 84.09% and 100.00% respectively;TTP of gram-positive bacteria was ≤20.96 h,sensitivity and specificity of BSI were 96.77% and 94.44% respec-tively.Conclusion Combination of TTP of blood culture and other clinical indications can provide reference for early differentiating isolated pathogenic bacteria from contaminated bacteria.