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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617777

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effects of artificial tear gel combined with diclofenac sodium in the treatment with xerophthalmia.Methods 110 patients with xerophthalmia were chosen as study subjects,and they were divided into research group(artificial tear gel + diclofenac sodium)and control group(artificial tear gel).BUT,FS,SIT,mental statue,symptom score and clinical effects after 20 days were compared between the two groups.Results The total effective rate of research group was 90.48%,which of the control group was 75.24%,the difference was statistically significant(x2=8.582,P<0.05).The FS[(0.87±0.15)points vs.(1.53±0.84)points]of the research group was lower than that of the control group after treatment,and the BUT[(9.86±1.13)s vs.(5.71±1.27)s],SIT[(6.85±1.59)mm/5min vs.(4.38±2.07)mm/5min]of the research group were higher than those of the control group,the differences were statistically significant(t=7.926,21.352,9.697,all P<0.05).After treatment,the symptom score of the research group was lower than that of the control group[(8.39±3.24)points vs.(12.85±3.42)points],the difference was statistically significant(t=9.701,P<0.05).The SDS score [(37.16±5.63)points vs.(56.49±6.14)points]and SAS score[(35.24±5.38)points vs.(54.30±6.42)points]of the research group were lower than those of the control group after treatment,and the differences were statistically significant(t=23.777,23.317,all P<0.05).Conclusion Artificial tear gel combined with diclofenac sodium can rapidly improve the clinical symptom of xerophthlmia and treatment effect.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612491

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of thymalfasin on non-operative treatment of cervical cancer.Methods Seventy-eight patients with advanced cervical cancer were divided into two groups according to the digital table,each group in 39 cases.The two groups were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy.The observation group was given 1.6 mg of thymalfasin subcutaneously each Monday to Friday.While the control group received no additional treatment.And then the two groups were compared in terms of curative effects,adverse reactions,immune states and cellular immune functions.Results The results showed that the differences of curative effects[there were 23 patients in the control group,as compared with 31 patients in the observation group,achieved a complete response(CR),x2=3.852,P<0.05],adverse reactions(grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ radiation-induced enteritis occurred in 4 patients in the observation group,and 12 patients in the control group,x2=5.032,P<0.05;Grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ leukopenia occurred in 16 patients in the observation group,and 25 patients in the control group,x2=4.165,P<0.05;Grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ nausea,vomit occurred in 6 patients in the observation group,and 14 patients in the control group,x2=4.303,P<0.05),immune states and cellular immune functions between the two groups were significant[the counts of CD+3(t=9.236,P<0.05),CD+4(t=7.445,P<0.05),CD+4/CD+8(t=7.445,P<0.05) and NK(t=9.256,P<0.05)]were significantly higher in the observation group after treatment.Conclusion In the treatment of advanced cervical cancer,concurrent chemoradiotherapy combined with thymalfasin can improve the curative effect,reduce the side effects,improve the quality of life and enhance the immunity.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637718

ABSTRACT

Background The study on eye surface damage following phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is increasingly concerned,and these symptoms were associated with dry eye and often treated by polyethylene glycol eyedrops to remit the discomfortableness.Recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor (rb-bFGF) eyedrops contains neurotrophic factors, but its effect on eye surface damage is worth researching.Objective This study was to evaluate the repair effects of rb-bFGF on ocular surface injury after phacoemulsification with IOL implantation.Methods A randomized controlled trail was designed.Ninety eyes of 72 consecutive patients with age-related cataract were enrolled in Fenyang Hospital of Shanxi Province from September 2010 to August 2013 under the informed consent.Phacoemulsification with IOL implantation was performed on all the eyes, and tobramycin and dexamethasone eye drops was used for 15 days as basis therapy.According to the treatment sequence,the operative eyes were assigned to rb-bFGF eyedrops group, polyethylene glycol eyedrops group and basis therapy group.rb-bFGF drops and polyethylene glycol drops were topically administered 4 times per day since the first day after surgery for consecutive 30 days in corresponding group,and only basis therapy was maintained in the basis therapy grouply.Corneal fluorescence (FL) staining scores,breakup time of tear film (BUT) and Schirmer Ⅰ test (S Ⅰ t) without topical anesthesia were examined in 1 day before operation and 1 day,7 days, 15 days and 30 days after operation.The efficacy was intergrouply compared.Results No significant differences were seen in the demography and the relevant surface examinational outcomes among the rb-bFGF group, polyethylene glycol drops group and the basis therapy group before surgery (age : F =1.50;gender :x2 =0.336, both at > 0.05;FL : F =0.31;BUT:F =0.65;S Ⅰ t: F =0.57;all at P > 0.05).Compared with the before operation, FL scores were obviously increased,and BUT values were reduced and S Ⅰ t values were elavated in all the eyes early stage of surgey and then gradually improved with the lapse of postoperative time, showing significant differences (Ftime =7.83,7.32,7.17, all at P<0.01).The FL scores,BUT and S Ⅰ t in 15 days after surgery in the rb-bFGF drops group and 30 days after surgery in the polyethylene glycol drops group was closed to those of before surgery (all at P>0.05).However,there were still significant differences between the before and after operation in the basis were closed to those of before surgery therapy group (all at P<0.05).In addition, significant differences were found in corneal FL scores, BUT and S Ⅰ t among these three groups (Fgroup =5.08,4.15,4.61, all at P<0.05).In postoperative 15 days and 30 days, the S Ⅰ t values were (12.32±1.18) and (11.32±1.98) mm/5 rmin,which were significantly lower than (14.36±1.77) and (13.36±2.32) mm/5 min in the polyethylene glycol drops group and (17.25 ±2.24) and (13.25 ±2.53) mm/5 min in the basis therapy group (all at P < 0.05).Conclusions The topical application of rb-bFGF combined with tobramycin and dexamethasone eyedrops can improve the dry eye-related symptoms and promote the repair of the ocular surface injury after phacoemulsification with IOL implantation,and the clinical efficacy of rb-bFGF eyedrops is better than that of polyethylene glycol eyedrops or only tobramycin and dexamethasone eyedrops.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 106-109, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466183

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of pranoprofen drops on dry eye of patients with Sj(o)gren's syndrome (SS).Methods This is a prospective study.Sixty-eight inpatients with dry eye in our hospital were randomly divided into the experimental and control groups.Right eyes were taken for the trial,with 34 cases in each group.The experimental group was given pranoprofen eye drops combined with polyethylene glycol eye drops.Eyes of the control group were given polyethylene glycol drops only.Corneal fluorescein staining (FL),tear film breakup time (BUT) and Schirmer test (SIT) were tested before treatment and 1,2,4 weeks after treatment by the same care giver.The levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in tears were detected by ELISA.Analysis of variance of repeated data and t test were used for statistical analysis.Results The difference of FL,BUT,SIT and content IL-6 and TNF-α in tears in the experimental group patients before treatment and 1,2,4 weeks after treatment were signifcant (F=4.65,7.53,6.43,9.96,10.87; P<0.05),which were statistically significantly different between the experimental group and the control group patients (F=3.27,5.85,4.36,8.36,7.23; P<0.05).One week after treatment and before treatment,the difference of BUT and SIT of the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05),those of the 2 weeks after treatment were statistically significantly different [BUT of the experimental group was (11.1±2.5) s,BUT of the control group was (9.7±1.9) s,t=2.594 8,P<0.05; the SIT of the experimental group was (7.3±1.7) mm,the SIT of the control group was (5.9±1.7) mm,t=3.571 8,P<0.05].BUT of the two groups at 4 weeks after treatment was statistically significantly different [BUT of the experimental group was (14.4±2.8) s,BUT of the control group was (11.4±2.6) s,t=4.469 4,P<0.05; the SIT of the experimental group was (9.9±2.1) mm,the SIT of the control group was (8.7±1.9) mm,t=2.568 0,P<0.05].The difference of FL and IL-6 and TNF-α in tears pretreatment between the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05).At week 1,2,4 after treatment,the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (tFL=4.173 9,3.190 7,4.072 6; tIL-6=2.131 5,2.316 4,5.310 1; tTNF-α=2.216 4,4.871 9,8.175 0; P<0.05).No significant discomfort and side effects were observed in the two groups.Conclusion Pranoprofen drops can significantly improve symptoms of dry eye in patients with pSS,in particular,the repair of the cornea,may be related to the inhibition of the expression of ocular inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α,and thus reduce the ocular surface inflammatory reaction.

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