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1.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2142-2146, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612596

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate mental health literacy (MHL) of community medical staffs in district and town of Zhongshan city,and to provide data to improve MHL of community medical staffs.Methods Totally 352 medical staffs who were not psychiatric physician and 81 psychiatric physician were selected.The Chinese Mental Health Knowledge Awareness Questionnaire (published by Ministry of Health) was used to investigate the awareness rate of mental health knowledge.Five vignettes of two schizophrenia,one bipolar disorder,one depression and one obsessive compulsive disorder,each with 8 related questions,were used to investigate the recognition and response ability.Results The average awareness rate of the two groups was more than 80.0% (87.6%,91.6%).For the item 2(75.6%,88.6%),6(74.1%,62.6%),19(36.5%,65.6%),and 20(74.1%,86.2%),the awareness rates were lower than 80.0%,and there were significant differences between the two groups (x2=8.45,4.92,27.48,6.99,all P<0.05).In vignettes survey,the correct rate was lower in the staffs who did not engaged in the mental health work than those in the other group,the difference was statistically significant(64.6% vs.75.9%,P<0.001).For both of the two groups the correct rate of depression was the lowest(x2=44.46,P<0.001).There was statistically significant difference between the total (x2=141.17,P<0.001).Conclusion The awareness rate of mental health knowledge has reached the national standards for community medical staffs,but they have to improve for some knowledge point.Their recognition and response ability for mental illness should be improved.

2.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1643-1645, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434540

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the treatment opportunity of mechanical ventilation for acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning patients with respiratory failure.Methods According to the different indications of mechanical ventilation,115 acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning patients with respiratory failure were divided into the observation group A (40 cases),the observation group B(38 cases)and the control group(37 cases).The cure rate,aspiration pneumonia incidence,duration of mechanical ventilation,length of hospital stay of the three groups were analyzed.Results The cure rate of the observation group A(97.5%) was significantly higher than that of the control group(83.4%)and the observation group B (92.1%) (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) ;The aspiration pneumonia of the observation group(2 cases) was significantly less than that of the control group(8 cases)(P < 0.05) ;The hospitalization time [(4.46 ± 0.51) d,(7.11 ± 0.83) d] and the duration of mechanical ventilation [(55.40 ± 5.24)h,(79.47 ± 2.44) h] of the observation group A and the observation group B were significantly shorter than those of the control group [(10.40 ± 1.12) d,(100.30 ± 2.15) h] (all P < 0.01) ; The hospitalization time and the duration of mechanical ventilation of the observation group A [(4.46 ± 0.51) d,(55.40 ± 5.24) h] were significantly shorter than those of the observation group B [(7.11 ± 0.83)d,(79.47 ± 2.44)h] (all P < 0.01).Conclusion Respiratory rate ≥30 times/min and < 34 times/min or ≤ 10 times/min,or spontaneous breathing weakened,and blood gas analysis prompted hypoxemia(60 mm Hg < PaO2 ≤ 70 mm Hg)is best opportunity of mechanical ventilation for acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning patients with respiratory failure.

3.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2266-2268, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438130

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors of urolithiasis incidence of migrant workers in Zhongshan,in order to provide the scientific evidence for preventing urolithiasis.Methods 1 630 workshop migrant workers and 1630 office white collar workers were selected as the subjects of this study.The questionnaire was conducted according to the age,gender,genetic factors,occupation,past illness factors,living environment,work environment factors,diet habit,the habit of drinking water survey,B ultrasound examination,the detection of blood uric acid.Results The incidence rate of urolithiasis was 6.53%,the incidence rate of workshop migrant workers was 8.28%,which was significantly higher than that of white collar 4.72% (x2 =16.972,P <0.01).Conclusion Work environment,eating habits,drinking habits,smoking and sweating are related risk factors of urolithiasis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1476-1477, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389169

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe indicators of hemorheology and blood gas analysis of COPD( chronic obstructive disease) patients complicated by CI(cerebral infarction) in acute exacerbation time and the relationship between them.Methods 46 patients with COPD complicated by CI in acute exacerbation time(complications group) and 44 patients with COPD in acute exacerbation time(COPD group) blood rheology indicators,fibrinogen(Fg) ,D-di-mer(DD) and blood gas analysis were detected.And 45 cases of health-related physical check (control group) were recruited for comparison.Results Compared with the control group,complication group,COPD group of whole blood viscosity,plasma viscosity,hematocrit,platelet adhesion rate,Fg,and DD levels were significantly increased,the difference was significant(P<0.05) ;The complications group of whole blood viscosity,Fg,and DD levels were significantly higher than COPD group;Fg and DD and blood PaCO2 correlated( r Fg =0.36,P<0.01 ,rDD =0.510,P<0.01).Conclusion Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cerebral infarction in acute exacerbation time had abnormal coagulation status,and improving ventilation and early application of anticoagulant drug therapy,could reduce the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,the occurrence of cerebral infarction.

5.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-580405

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Tongxinluo Capsule on hypertension with interaction of phlegm and blood stasis, context stagnation or Qi deficiency and blood stasis, and its impact on blood rheology. Methods One hundred and forty-seven cases of hypertension were randomly divided into treatment group (74 cases) and control group (73 cases). Both groups were given conventional antihypertensive and lipid-lowering treatment, and the treatment group was given Tongxinluo Capsule additionally. Symptom score, blood pressure, lipid and rheology of two groups were observed before and after treatment. Results There was no significant difference between before and after treatment in hemorheology and blood lipid of two groups (P

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