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1.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 419-422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and safety of decitabine combined with chemotherapy in treatment of relapsed/refractory T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia (T-LBL/ALL) with TP53 mutation.Methods:The clinical data of a T-LBL/ALL patient with TP53 mutation who had recurrence after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) treated with decitabine combined with chemotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University in June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed and the relevant literature was reviewed.Results:The patient, a 42-year-old male, diagnosed as T-LBL/ALL with TP53 mutation by comprehensive examination underwent sibling-matched donor allo-HSCT after a second complete remission. The patient relapsed 8 months later and was treated with decitabine combined with CLAG regimen to achieve complete remission again. And then, he had leukemia-free survival until now through maintenance treatment with decitabine.Conclusion:Decitabine combined with chemotherapy may be a safe and effective treatment option for relapsed T-LBL/ALL patients with TP53 mutation after allo-HSCT.

2.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 627-631, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of consolidation chemotherapy combined with microtransplantation in the treatment of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:The clinical data of 45 elderly patients with AML in Suzhou Yongding Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. After 1 or 2 courses of induced chemotherapy, the patients achieved complete response (CR). Among them, 20 patients were given consolidation chemotherapy (single group), and 25 patients were given consolidation chemotherapy combined with microtransplantation (combined group). After 3 courses of treatment, the minimal residual disease (MRD), quantitative expression of WT1 gene and adverse reactions were compared between 2 groups; the quality of life before treatment and after treatment was evaluated by quality of life-BREF (QOL-BREF). The patients were followed up to November 1, 2020, and the median follow-up was 30 months. The overall survival and progress-free survival (PFS) were recorded.Results:The MRD negative rate and WT1 gene negative rate after treatment in combined group were significantly higher than those in single group: 60.00% (15/25) vs. 25.00% (5/20) and 52.00% (13/25) vs. 20.00% (4/20), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The recovery times of neutrophils and platelets in combined group were significantly shorter than those in single group: 10 (8, 12) d vs. 16 (13, 20) d and 14 (11, 17) d vs. 24 (19, 30) d, and there were statistical differences ( Z = 3.152 and 4.285, P<0.05). No adverse reactions such as liver and kidney abnormalities or gastrointestinal reactions occurred in 2 groups; and no specific graft versus host disease (GVHD) occurred in the combined group. The each item scores of QOL-BREF after treatment in combined group were significantly higher than those in single group, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The 2-year overall survival rate and PFS rate in combined group were significantly higher than those in single group: 60.00% (15/25) vs. 35.00% (7/20) and 52.00% (13/25) vs. 25.00% (5/20), and there were statistical differences ( χ2 = 4.235 and 4.742, P = 0.040 and 0.029). Conclusions:Consolidation chemotherapy combined with microtransplantation is effective and safe in the treatment of elderly patients with AML. It can significantly improve the quality of life, and improve the overall survival rate and PFS rate.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1248-1253, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907765

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors,clinical characteristics and prognosis of the pneumocystis pneumonia(PCP) that is one of the severe pulmonary complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).Methods:The clinical features,laboratory data,treatment and outcomes of patients with PCP after allo-HSCT in our hospital from January,2016 to January,2021 were retrospectively collected and analyzed.Results:Twenty three cases who met the clinical diagnostic criteria of PCP were enrolled. The median time of diagnosed as PCP after transplantation was 221 days. The computed tomography (CT) of chest indicated diffuse ground glass opacity.The median of β-1,3-D glucan consentration was 894.25 ng/L, and 91.3% of the cases were over 60 ng/L.The lymphocyte count in 60.9% cases was lower than 1×10 9/L;CD4 +T lymphocyte count in 65.2% of patients was less than 200/μL. Pneumocytis sequences of mNGS were positive in all 21 cases.15 patients were complicated with mixed infection.All patients were treated with TMP-SMX,18 patients were cured and 5 patients died. Conclusions:Patients with PCP after allo-HSCT progresses rapidly, and which is usually with multiple infections. Serum β-1,3-D glucan concentration increase contributes to the diagnosis of PCP.And mNGS in alveolar lavage fluid is highly sensitive to Pneumocystis, which helps patients get treatment in time, so as to reduce mortality.Patients with respiratory failure progressing to a need for mechanical ventilation and high flow oxygen inhalation suggest a poor prognosis.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 513-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907207

ABSTRACT

At present, the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is still challenging, and there is no standard treatment for relapsed/refractory AML patients. Current research believes that participating in clinical trials involving small molecule targeted therapy, immunotherapy and epigenetic therapy may be the best choice, but the efficacy and toxicity of clinical trials have not been widely evaluated, and the long-term survival of patients is not clear, so the prognosis of relapsed/refractory AML is still very poor. The future direction of research will focus on novel, effective and targeted treatment combinations, and low toxicity, personalized and accurate treatment strategies. This article reviews the latest progress in targeted therapy for relapsed/refractory AML.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 143-148, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799583

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the value of unmethylated cytosine guanine dinucleotide oligodeoxynucleotide (DSP30) and IL-2 in the conventional cytogenetic (CA) detection of the chromosomal aberrations in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) .@*Methods@#Bone marrow or peripheral blood cells of CLL patients were cultured with DSP30 plus IL-2 for 72 h, following which R-banding analysis was conducted. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed in 85 patients. CA results were compared with data obtained by FISH.@*Results@#Among 89 CLL patients, the success rate of chromosome analysis was 94.38% (84/89) . Clonal aberrations were detected in 51 patients (51/84, 60.71%) . Of them, 27 (27/51, 52.94%) were complex karyotype. Among 85 CLL patients tested by FISH, chromosomal abnormalities were detected in 74 (74/85, 87.06%) patients, of which 2 (2/74) patients were complex karyotypes, accounting for 2.70%. Of the 85 CLL patients examined by FISH, 50 had abnormal karyotype analysis, 30 had normal karyotype, 5 failed to have chromosome analysis. Among them, 25 cases showed clonal aberrations by FISH assay but normal by CA, and 4 cases were normal by FISH but displayed aberrations in chromosome analysis, and totally 78 (91.76%) cases with abnormality detected by the combination of the two methods. The frequency of 13q- abnormality detected by FISH was significantly higher than that by CA analysis (69.41%vs 16.67%, P<0.001) , while the frequency of 11q-,+12 and 17p- detected by two methods showed no significant difference (P>0.05) . The detection rate of complex abnormalities in conventional karyotype analysis was higher than that in FISH (50.98%vs 2.70%) . In addition, 11 low-risk and 9 intermediate-risk patients according to FISH results showed complex karyotype by cytogenetics, and were classified into high-risk cytogenetic subgroup.@*Conclusion@#DSP30 and IL-2 are effective in improving the detection rate of CA in CLL patients (60.71%) and CA is more effective to detect complex karyotype. However, FISH had a higher overall abnormality detection rate (87.06%) than CA, especially for 13q-. The combination of CA and FISH not only enhanced the detection rate of clonal aberrations to 91.76%, but also provided more precise prognosis stratification for CLL patients, thus to provide more information for clinical implication.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 16-22, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799072

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To probe the prognostic value of consolidation chemotherapy in non-favorable acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who were candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with first complete remission (CR1) and negative minimal residual disease (MRD-) .@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 155 patients with non-favorable AML who received allo-HSCT in CR1/MRD- from January 2010 to March 2019. The survival data were compared between patients who received and those not received pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapy.@*Results@#A total of 102 patients received pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapy (consolidation group) , and 53 cases directly proceeded to allo-HSCT when CR1/MRD- was achieved (nonconsolidation group) . The median ages were 39 (18-56) years old and 38 (19-67) years old, respectively. Five-year post-transplant overall survival [ (59.3±7.5) % vs (62.2±6.9) %, P=0.919] and relapse-free survival [ (53.0±8.9) % vs (61.6±7.0) %, P=0.936] were not significantly different between the two groups (consolidation vs nonconsolidation) . There was a weak relationship between consolidation therapy and cumulative incidence of relapse [consolidation: (21.9±5.4) % vs nonconsolidation: (18.3±6.0) %, P=0.942], as well as non-relapse mortality [consolidation: (22.4±4.3) % vs nonconsolidation: (28.4±6.5) %,P=0.464]. Multivariate analysis indicated that pre-transplant consolidation and the consolidation courses (< 2 vs ≥2 courses) did not have an impact on allo-HSCT outcomes.@*Conclusion@#Allo-HSCT for candidate patients without further consolidation when CR1/MRD- was attained was feasible.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 112-115, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775801

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and laboratory characteristics of 5 patients with myeloid leukemia and t(12;22)(p13;q12).@*METHODS@#Bone marrow cells were cultured for 24 h and analyzed by standard R-banding. Rearrangement of the MN1 gene was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using dual color break-apart MN1 probes. MN1-ETV6 and ETV6-MN1 fusion genes were detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). And the products were subjected to direct sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Among the 5 patients, 2 had AML-M0, 2 had AML-M4, and 1 had CMML at the initial diagnosis. t(12;22)(p13;q12) was the primary abnormality among all patients. Rearrangements of MN1 gene were detected by FISH in all patients. MN1-ETV6 and ETV6-MN1 fusion genes were detected respectively in 4 and 3 patients.@*CONCLUSION@#t(12;22)(p13;q12) is a rare but recurrent chromosomal abnormality in myeloid leukemia, and is related to poor prognosis. allo-SCT is valuable for patients with t(12;22)(p13;q12).


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Cytogenetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Myeloid , Genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Translocation, Genetic
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 990-995, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800484

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between donor chimerism and relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) .@*Methods@#The clinical data of 105 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who underwent allo-HSCT and recurrence-free survival>90 days from January 2010 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The bone marrow samples were collected at 15, 30, 60, 90, 180, 270, 360 days after transplantation. Donor chimerism was detected by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -PCR.@*Results@#Of the 105 patients, 43 cases were male and 62 cases were female, with a median age of 38 (16-60) years. Till April 2019, the median follow-up was 843 (94-3 261) days. Ninety days after transplantation, 18 cases relapsed, 33 cases died, and 72 cases survived. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was (66.8±5.1) %, and the recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate was (65.1±5.0) %. Pre-transplant disease status, pre-transplant minimal residual disease (MRD) , and 90 day post-transplantation chimerism were independent risk factors related to RFS. The risk of recurrence was significantly increased in patients with a donor chimerism rate ≤97.24% at 90 days after transplantation[HR=6.921 (95%CI 2.669-17.950) , P<0.001], which was considered as a sign of early relapse.@*Conclusion@#SNP-PCR is an applicable method for detecting donor chimerism in patients after allo-HSCT. Chimerism rate equal or less than 97.24% at 90 days after transplantation predicts a higher risk of relapse.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 198-204, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751381

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the monitoring significance of WT1 gene level in the prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with normal karyotype after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods The clinical data of 115 AML patients with normal karyotype who were treated with HSCT from July 2009 to March 2017 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were retrospectively analyzed. The dynamic detection of bone marrow WT1 gene was carried out by using reverse transcription_polymerase chain reaction (RT_PCR). According to the relative expression level median of WT1 gene before transplantation, the whole patients were divided into the two groups (<median group and ≥median group) for survival analysis. Results There were 52 males and 63 females in 115 patients. The average age was (39± 10) years old. The median white blood cell count at initial diagnosis was 20.45×109/L [(0.5-355.9)×109/L], the ratio of blast cells in the bone marrow was 0.60±0.28, and the relative expression level median of WT1 gene was 87×104, while the median time of the follow_up was 24 (3-79) months. Among 115 patients, 19 cases relapsed. Remission group (96 cases) and relapse group (19 cases) were followed up. The WT1 gene level was monitored by using bone marrow puncture in 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months after transplantation. It was found that the WT1 gene relative expression level of relapse group was higher than that of remission group, and the differences between the two groups at 6 month_point [remission group (187±50)×104, relapse group (871±211)×104, t = 2.519, P= 0.014] and 12 month_point [remission group (51±9)×104, relapse group (1 797±312)×104, t = 4.000, P< 0.05] were statistically different. The overall survival (OS) rate of 2_year, progression_free survival rate in WT1 gene relative expression level < 87×104 group were higher than those in WT1 gene relative expression level ≥87×104 group, the relapse rate in WT1 gene relative expression level <87×104 group was lower than that in WT1 gene relative expression level ≥87×104 group, and the differences were statistically different (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the level of WT1 gene at 12 months after transplantation was an independent factor affecting OS ( HR=4.12, P=0.046) and PFS ( HR=5.95, P=0.001). There were 19 cases of recurrence (16.5%), with a median relapsed time of 11 (1-60) months. When WT1 gene relative expression level was significantly increased in 19 patients, firstly immunosuppressive agents were reduced, of which 6 patients were not influenced by this intervention; in other 13 cases, only 5 cases were influenced by intervention. Conclusions For CN_AML patients, the expression level of WT1 gene before transplantation has a negative correlation with the prognosis. The expression level of WT1 gene at 12 months after transplantation is an independent factor for affecting the survival. The relapsed patients have a higher WT1 expression level, and clinical interventions for relapsed patients have a favorable effect.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 625-632, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805794

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the difference of efficacy between traditional Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen and the adolescents inspired chemotherapy regimen, CH ALL-01, in treatment of adult Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) .@*Methods@#In this study we retrospectively analyzed 158 Ph+ ALL patients receiving Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen (n=63) or CHALL-01 regimen (n=95) in our center and Changzheng hospital from January 2007 to December 2017, excluding patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in blast crisis. Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) was administered during induction and consolidation chemotherapy. Patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation received TKI as maintenance therapy.@*Results@#Of them, 91.1% (144/158) patients achieved complete remission (CR) after 1-2 courses of induction. CR rate was 90.5% (57/63) for patients in Hyper-CVAD/MA group and 91.6% (87/95) for patients in CHALL-01 group. There was no difference in CR rates between the two groups (χ2=0.057, P=0.811) . The last follow-up was June 2018. A cohort of 134 CR patients could be used for further analysis, among them, 53 patients received Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen and other 81 patients received CHALL-01 regimen. The molecular remission rates were significantly higher in CHALL-01 group (complete molecular response: 44.4%vs 22.6%; major molecular response: 9.9% vs 18.9%) (χ2=7.216, P=0.027) . For the patients in Hyper-CVAD/MA group, the 4-year overall survival (OS) was 44.81% (95%CI: 30.80%-57.86%) and the 4-year disease free survival (DFS) was 37.95% (95%CI: 24.87%-50.93%) . For patients received CHALL-01 regimen, the 4-year OS was 55.63% (95%CI: 39.07%-69.36%) (P=0.037) and 4 year DFS was 49.06% (95%CI: 34.24%-62.29%) (P=0.015) , while there was no significant difference in 4 year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (P=0.328) or cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (CI-NRM) (P=0.138) . The rate of pulmonary infection was lower in patients received CHALL-01 regimen compared with patients received Hyper-CVAD regimen (43.4% vs 67.9%, χ2=7.908, P=0.005) .@*Conclusions@#Outcome with CHALL-01 regimen appeared better than that with the Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen in Ph+ ALL, which has lower incidence of pulmonary infection, higher molecular remission rate and better OS and DFS.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 472-476, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805556

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria-aplastic anemia (PNH-AA) syndrome.@*Methods@#The outcomes of 46 patients who received allo-HSCT (16 PNH patients, 30 PNH-AA patients) from July 10, 2007 to June 2, 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The conditioning regimen was busulfan, cyclophosphoramide, and ATG in haploidentical donors and unrelated donors. Patients with matched sibling donors were treated with the fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and ATG regimen.@*Results@#There were no differences of baseline data between the 2 groups except gender distribution and the numbers of haploidentical donor transplantation. The median values of absolute nucleated cell counts were 10.58 (3.83-13.83) ×108/kg in the PNH group and 10.81 (3.96-33.40) ×108/kg in the PNH-AA group (P=0.668) . The median doses of CD34+ cells infused were 5.00 (3.14-8.42) ×106/kg and 3.57 (1.97-6.17) ×106/kg (P=0.002) , respectively. All patients obtained complete engraftment. The median time for myeloid engraftment were 11 (7-14) days in the PNH group and 12 (10-26) days in the PNH-AA group (P=0.003) . The median time for platelet engraftment were 13 (11-16) days and 18 (12-75) days (P=0.002) , respectively, after a median follow-up of 36 (4-132) months in the PNH group and 26 (4-75) months in the PNH-AA group (P=0.428) . There were no differences of incidence rates of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) , chronic GVHD and infection between PNH and PNH-AA groups (P>0.05) . No patient occurred early death and relapse. The estimated 3-year overall survival (OS) of PNH and PNH-AA groups were (100.0±0.0) % and (85.7± 6.6) % (P=0.141) , GVHD-free and failure-free survival (GFFS) were (100.0±0.0) %, (78.7±7.7) % (P=0.067) .@*Conclusions@#allo-HSCT is effective for patients with PNH and PNH-AA syndrome. The preliminary results indicate that myeloid and platelet engraftment in PNH group were faster than PNH-AA group. There were no differences in OS and GFFS between PNH group and PNH-AA group.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 306-311, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805074

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the outcomes between haploidentical donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) and matched-sibling donor transplantation (MSD-HSCT) for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) .@*Methods@#The clinical data of 40 PNH patients received HSCT (haplo-HSCT=25, MSD-HSCT=15) from July 2007 to May 2018 were analyzed retrospectively to compare the outcomes between haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT groups.@*Results@#There were no differences in terms of gender, age, patients of PNH-AA and median time from diagnosis to transplantation between the 2 groups (P>0.05) . The median values of absolute mononuclear cell counts and CD34+ cells infused were 10.74 (4.80-22.86) ×108/kg and 12.19 (5.14-17.25) ×108/kg (P=0.866) , 3.57 (0.68-7.80) ×106/kg and 4.00 (3.02-8.42) ×106/kg (P=0.151) respectively, in haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT groups. All patients attained complete engraftment, no patient occurred graft failure. The median durations for myeloid and platelet engraftment were 12 (range, 9-26) and 11 (range, 7-15) days (P=0.065) , 19 (range, 11-75) and 13 (range, 11-25) days (P=0.027) respectively, in haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT groups. During a median follow-up of 26 (4-65) months in haplo-HSCT and 36 (4-132) months in MSD-HSCT groups (P=0.294) , the incidences of grade Ⅰ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) were 32.0% and 20.0% (P=0.343) , grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD were 16.0%, 13.3% (P=0.759) , chronic GVHD were 30.7% and 24.6% (P=0.418) , moderate-severe chronic GVHD were 12.7% and 7.1% (P=0.522) respectively, in haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT groups. The incidences of infection were 32.0% (8/25) and 26.7% (4/15) (P=1.000) respectively, in haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT groups. No patients occurred early death and relapse. Three-year estimated overall survival (OS) were (86.5±7.3) % and (93.3 ±6.4) % (P=0.520) , GVHD-free and failure-free survival (GFFS) were (78.3±8.6) % and (92.9±6.9) % (P=0.250) respectively, in haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT groups.@*Conclusion@#The preliminary results indicated that haplo-HSCT was a feasible choice for PNH with favorable outcomes, haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT produced similar therapeutic efficacy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 58-62, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810396

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the mechanism of chemokine-like factor superfamily member (CMTM) 5 on the proliferation of multiple myeloma cells.@*Methods@#RT-qPCR method was used to detect the expression and correlation of CMTM5, caspase3 and caspase9 in U266 after decitabine demethylation treatment; U266 transfected with pcDNA3.1 plasmid overexpressed CMTM5, then cell proliferation activity was detected by CCK-8 assay.@*Results@#Compared with the control group, the low-dose demethylation treatment increased mRNA expression of CMTM5, caspase3, and caspase9 in U266, and showed a time-dependent (P<0.01). The up-trend of CMTM5, caspase3, and caspase9 in the high-demethylation drug treatment group was more significant and also showed time-dependent (P<0.001); There was a significant positive correlation between CMTM5 and caspase3 (r=0.937) and caspase9 (r=0.945) in each group (P<0.001). After transfection of U266 with the pcDNA3.1-CMTM5 plasmid, overexpression of CMTM5 inhibited the cell proliferation activity compared with the control and pcDNA3.1-vector group.@*Conclusion@#Decitabine has a reductive effect on the low level of CMTM5 in U266 cells, and its recovery level is significantly positively correlated with caspase 3 and caspase9. Re-expression of CMTM5 inhibits the proliferative activity of U266.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 661-667, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807240

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy of first-line administration of generic dasatinib or first-generation TKI (imatinib) in patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) treated by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).@*Methods@#Clinical features and prognoses of 63 newly diagnosed Ph+ ALL patients from Jan 2014 to June 2017 treated by HSCT combined with first-line administration of generic dasatinib or imatinib were retrospective analyzed.@*Results@#Of 63 Ph+ ALL patients, 31 cases were administered generic dasatinib, and the other 32 ones imatinib. Complete remission (CR) rates at the fourth week of induction therapy in generic dasatinib and imatinib groups were 96.8% and 93.8% (P=1.000) , respectively. Meanwhile major molecular response (MMR; BCR-ABL/ABL reduce 3log) rates were 41.9% and 43.8% (χ2=0.021, P=0.884), respectively. Relapse rates before transplantation were 6.5% and 12.5% (P=0.672), respectively. MMR rates before HSCT were 83.9% and 68.8% (χ2=1.985, P=0.159), respectively. The 20-monthes overall survival (OS) rates of generic dasatinib and imatinib groups were 95.5% and 76.5% (χ2=0.990, P=0.320) respectively; 20-monthes event-free survival (EFS) rates were 93.5% and 61.4% (χ2=5.926, P=0.015), respectively. Statistically significant differences of EFS were reached. Multiple factors analysis showed that generic dasatinib (HR=0.201, 95% CI 0.045-0.896, P=0.035) and MMR before transplantation (HR=0.344, 95% CI 0.124-0.956, CI=0.041) could improve EFS.@*Conclusions@#First-line administration of generic dasatinib could improve EFS for Ph+ALL patients treated by HSCT when compered with imatinib.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 624-628, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807233

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the outcome of combination of haploidentical donor (HID) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with an unrelated cord blood unit for severe aplastic anemia (SAA).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 127 SAA patients [including 74 male and 53 female patients, 65 very severe aplastic anemia (vSAA), the median age as 23.5(3-54) years] received HID-HSCT from September 2011 to April 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The median interval from SAA diagnosis to transplantation was 2 (0.5-180) months. The conditioning was modified Bu/Cy+ATG/ALG-based (Busulfan + cyclophosphamide + antithymocyte immunoglobulin/antilymphocyte immunoglobulin) regimen. Cord blood units were selected based on the results of HLA typing and cell doses evaluated before freezing. Units with at least 4/6 matched HLA loci became the candidates. Prophylaxis for graft-versus host disease (GVHD) was by cyclosporine (CsA), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) plus short-term methotrexate (MTX).@*Results@#The median values of absolute nucleated cell counts were 10.87 (3.61-24.00)×108/kg in the haploidentical grafts and 2.22 (1.10-7.30)×107/kg in the cord blood units, respectively. The median doses of CD34+ cells infused were 3.49(1.02-8.89) ×106/kg in the haploidentical grafts and 0.56 (0.16-2.27) ×105/kg in the cord blood units, respectively. Of the 127 patients, 5 patients occurred early death, one patient occurred primary graft failure. All 121 surviving patients attained complete haploidentical engraftment. The median durations of myeloid engraftment were 11 (9-28) days and 15 (9-330) days for platelets, with a cumulative platelet engraftment incidence of 96.1%. The incidence of infection was 58.27% (74/127). During a median follow-up of 20.5 (4-60) months, the incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute GVHD was 24.79% (30/121), moderate-severe chronic GVHD was 14.15% (15/106), 4-year estimated overall survival was (78.5±4.3) %, 4-year estimated failure-free survival was (77.4±4.3) %, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Combination of HID-HSCT and an unrelated umbilical cord blood unit was a feasible choice with favorable outcome for SAA patients without matched donors.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 558-562, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806951

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prognosis of allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for patients with acute myeloid leukemia and MLL rearrangement.@*Methods@#From September 2009 to May 2016, the clinical data of 47 patients with MLL-rearranged AML undergoing allo-HSCT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#Among 47 MLL-rearranged AML patients, 24 were male and 23 female. The median age was 30 (15-58) years old. There are 36 (76%) patients were FAB-types M4/M5. Two-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), relapse incidence and transplant-related mortality (TRM) were (64.4±8.4)%, (47.3±9.3)%, 41.0% and 17.9%, respectively. Of them, 45 patients were detected with 11q23 translocations, and 2 patients with normal karyotype were MLL partial tandem duplication. According to different chromosome karyotype, 47 patients were divided into three groups: 16 cases of t (6; 11), 15 cases of t (9; 11) and 16 cases of other types. Overall survival was compared between the three groups, there was no significant difference (χ2=1.509, P=0.472). On multivariate analysis, independent risk factor on OS was transplant age >45 years [HR=4.454(95%CI 1.314-15.099), P=0.016]. The multivariate analysis also confirmed the higher TRM in patients at non-CR state when transplanted [HR=10.370(95%CI 1.043-103.110), P=0.046]. Positive minimal residual disease (MRD) before transplantation was a negative prognostic factor on DFS [HR=4.236(95%CI 1.238-14.495), P=0.021] and relapse incidence (RI) [HR=5.491(95%CI 1.371-21.995), P=0.016].@*Conclusion@#Transplant age (>45 years), allo-HSCT in non-CR state adn positive MRD before transplantation were negative prognostic factors in allo-HSCT for MLL-rearranged AML patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 305-309, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806440

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To probe the feasibility of decitabine (DAC) combined with micro-transplantation as consolidation treatment for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*Methods@#Between November 2012 and September 2015, 37 consecutive patients with AML ≥60 years of age were analyzed. Of them, 19 patients received consolidation therapy with DAC followed by micro-transplantation (microtransplant group). Another 18 ones (chemo group) were treated with DAC plus priming regimen as consolidation chemotherapy in the same period.@*Results@#There were no significant differences in terms of age, WBC count, and disease status of onset between the microtransplant and chemo groups (P>0.05). The two regimens were well tolerated. There was no difference of CTC grade 3-4 nonhematologic toxicities between the microtransplant and chemo groups (36.8% vs 27.8%, χ2=0.347, P=0.728). The median recovery durations for neutrophil and platelet in the microtransplant group were similar to those in the chemo group (12 vs 13 days, z=1.599, P=0.110; 14 vs 12 days, z=-1.314, P=0.189, respectively). No graft-versus-host disease was observed in the microtransplant group. The 2-year leukemia-free survival and overall survival were better in microtransplant group (50.7% and 54.9%, respectively) than in chemo group (24.3% and 30.0%, respectively) (P=0.047 and P=0.071, respectively).@*Conclusion@#DAC combined with micro-transplantation as a consolidation regimen may be a safe and promising option for older patients with AML.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 148-152, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806134

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the specific killing effect of CD4 membrane protein targeted chimeric antigen receptor modified T (CAR-T) cell.@*Methods@#The second generation CD4 targeted chimeric antigen receptor containing 4-1BB costimulation domain was insert into lentiviral vector through recombinant DNA technology. Lentivirus was prepared and packaged by 293T cells with four plasmids. Beads activated T cells were transduced with lentivirus and the transduction efficiency was checked with Protein L and flow cytometry. T cell subsets and IFN-γ concentrations were detected with probe-tagged antibody and cytometric bead assay.@*Results@#①The transduction efficiency of activated T cells with prepared lentivirus were 50.0%-70.0%. A subset of CD8+ T cell acquired dim expression of CD4 membrane protein after activation. CD4+T cell and CD8+CD4dim T cell were gradually killed by CD4 targeted CAR-T post lentivirus transduction. ②The kill efficacy of CD4 targeted CAR-T cell and control T cell toward KARPAS 299 T cell at an E∶T ratio of 8∶1 for 24 h was (96.9±2.1)% and (11.2±3.1)%, CAR-T cell has a higher killing efficacy than control T cell (t=7.137, P=0.028). The IFN-γ concentrations in culture supernatant of CAR-T cell with K562-CD4 cell, CAR-T cell with K562 cell and CAR-T cell alone were (15 648±2 168), (1 978±354) and (1 785±268) pg/ml, CAR-T cell cocultured with K562-CD4 cell produced more IFN-γ than the other two controls (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#CD4 targeted CAR-T has an immunophenotype of CD8+CD4-T cell. CD4 targeted CAR-T cell has killing efficacy toward normal CD4+T cell and CD4+T lymphoma cell. CD4 targeted CAR-T cell also has a killing efficacy toward CD4dim target cell.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 110-115, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806127

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy of sequential treatment with first-line administration of second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and first-generation TKI (imatinib) in patients with Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of clinical features and prognosis of 76 newly diagnosed Ph +ALL patients from June 2011 to December 2015 treated by allo-HSCT combined with first-line administration of second-generation or first-generation TKI was performed and the efficacy compared.@*Results@#Of 76 Ph+ ALL patients, first-generation TKI was administered in 57 cases, second-generation TKI in 19 cases, including 10 cases of nilotinib and 9 cases of dasatinib. There was no significant difference in age, WBC counts, additional chromosomal abnormalities, time form diagnosis to transplantation, transplantation type, conditioning regimen or TKI initiation time between the two groups. Complete remission (CR) rates at the fourth week of induction therapy in first-generation TKI group and second-generation TKI group was 93.0% and 94.7% (P=1.000), respectively. Major molecular response (MMR, BCR-ABL/ABL reduce 3 log) rates meanwhile were 46.0% and 40.0% (χ2=0.169, P=0.681). Relapse rates before transplantation were 14.0% and 10.5% (P=1.000). MMR rates before transplantation were 54.4% and 68.2% (χ2=1.152, P=0.283). The 2-year overall survival (OS) rates of first-generation and second-generation TKI group were 62.0% and 94.7% (χ2=5.765, P=0.016), 2-year event-free survival (EFS) rates were 46.3% and 84.2% (χ2=5.644, P=0.018), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that second-generation TKI could improve OS (HR=0.126, 95%CI 0.017-0.939, P=0.043). Multiple factors analysis showed that second-generation TKI (HR=0.267, 95%CI 0.081-0.873, P=0.029) and MMR before transplantation (HR=0.496, 95%CI 0.254-0.968, P=0.040) were good independent prognostic factors of EFS.@*Conclusions@#There was significant difference in the efficacy of second-generation TKI and first-generation TKI for Ph+ ALL patients treated by allo-HSCT. First-line administration of second-generation TKI showed better efficacy than that of first-generation TKI for Ph+ ALL patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 930-933, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809583

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the incidence and microbiological features of blood stream infections (BSI) of patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and to provide laboratory data for empirical use of antibiotic for the HSCT patients with BSI.@*Methods@#The incidence of bloodstream infection, the positive rate of blood culture, bacterial spectrum and drug resistance were analyzed in 1 265 HSCT recipients during 2013 and 2015 were retrospectively studied.@*Results@#Of 1265 patients undergoing HSCT, 1 422 cases of suspected BSI occurred in 784 patients (61.98%) , and 464 patients (59.2%) were in the stage of agranulocytosis (ANC<0.5×109/L) . The detection rate of pathogens in 2013-2015 was about 20% and increase year after year. Of the 401 strains detected, 221 were Gram-negative (G-) bacteria (55.1%) , 165 Gram-positive (G+) bacteria (41.2%) and 15 fungi (3.7%) . Escherichia coli (16.0%) , Staphylococcus epidermidis (15.5%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (11.2%) were listed the top three. The proportion of multidrug resistant Acinetobacter Bauman and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was 64.70% and 63.64% respectively, and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was more than half (57.14%) . The ratio of vancomycin resistant Enterococci (VRE) and carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) was 14.29% and 6.78% respectively. More than 40% Enterobacteriaceae bacteria were resistant to three or four generation cephalosporin antibiotics, and less were resistant to the carbapenems (6.4%) . However, many non-fermentating bacteria were highly resistant to these antibiotics and showed diversity among different strains, with a rate of 47.8% resistance to carbapenems. All the Staphylococcus were sensitive to vancomycin, teicoplanin and linezolid.@*Conclusions@#The incidence of BSI in patients with HSCT was high, and the pathogens were mainly G- bacteria. In addition to Enterobacteriaceae, the proportion of non-fermentative bacteria was quite high. No Staphylococcus detected were resistant to vancomycin, teicoplanin and linezolid.

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