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China Pharmacy ; (12): 2365-2369, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817141


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of extraction rates of forsythiaside A and forsythin in Forsythia suspensa compatible with other medicinal material of Menshi huwei formula before and after decoction. METHODS: HPLC method was used to determine the extraction amounts and to calculate the extraction rates of forsythiaside A and forsythin in F. suspensa (5 g×7 doses), F. suspensa (5 g×7 doses) compatible with Pinelliae rhizoma praeparatum cum zingibere et alumine (PRZA), Menshi huwei formula [including 6 ingredients as F. suspense (5 g×7 doses), PRZA] after decocted with water. The determination was performed on Diamonsil C18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.2% formic acid solution (gradient elution). The detection wavelength was set at 278 nm, and the column temperature was 30 ℃. The flow rate was 1.0 mL/min. RESULTS: The linear range of forsythiaside A and forsythin were 0.61-6.1, 0.246-2.46 μg (r=0.999 7, 0.999 9), respectively; RSDs of precision, stability (within 20 h) and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2% (n=6). Average recovery rates were 96.10%-99.37% (RSD≤2.36%,n=6) respectively. In F. suspensa, extraction rates of forsythiaside A and forsythin were 96.90% and 66.67%. In F. suspensa compatible with PRZA, extraction rates of them were 101.61% and 54.55%. In Menshi huwei formula, extraction rates of them were 98.39% and 84.85%. CONCLUSIONS: After F. suspensa is compatible with PRZA, the extraction rates of forsythiaside A is increased while forsythin is decreased. After compatible with other medicinal material in Menshi huwei formula, extraction rates of both are increased slightly.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597705


【Objective】 To investigate the possible mechanism of the asiaticoside used for the treatment of hypertrophic scar. 【Method】 Using microscope, electron microscope, MTT test, 3 H-TdR and 3 H-Pro line incorpo ration to study the effect of the asiaticoside on DNA synthesis and collagen bi osynthesis of fibroblast in vitro culture. 【Results】 The asiaticoside not only affected the ultrostructure of fibroblast, but also inhibted the DNA synthesis a nd collagen biosynthesis.【Conclusion】 Asiaticoside can play an important role in the prevntion and treatment of scars, the mechanism may be that the asiaticos ide can inhibted the DNA synthesis and collagen biosynthesis of fibroblast.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523800


AIM: To observe the regulation of octreotide (OCT) on the expression of somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2) in Bel7402 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, and the inhibition effect of OCT on the growth of HCC. METHODS: The effect of OCT on proliferative ability of Bel7402 cells was observed by MTT assay. The cell form was observed by light invert microscope. The adhesive and invasive ability was detected by cell adhesion and migration experiments. The cell cycle, SSTR2 expression of 7402 cells were determined by immunofluorescence flow cytometry. Nude mice bearing xenografts in situ were treated with OCT or saline control for 7 weeks since tumor implantation. The immunohistochemistry for SSTR2 was performed. SSTR2 mRNA expression in cell line and xenografts was measured by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. RESULTS: After OCT treatment, the proliferative ability and cell form of 7402 cells didn't change significantly. The adhesive and invasive ability decreased significantly. The ratio of cells in resting state (G 0/G 1) increased, but no apoptosis peak was observed. The SSTR2 expression on 7402 cell membranes decreased significantly. SSTR2 expression in cell line of OCT group was higher than control group, but there was no significant difference between them. The mean tumor weight in mice given OCT was significantly lower than that in control group. SSTR2 immunostaining in tumor cells of treatment group showed stronger positivity, compared with control group. SSTR2 mRNA expression in xenografts after OCT treatment was significantly higher than that in control group. CONCLUSIONS: OCT inhibits the growth of HCC through SSTR2. SSTR2 is regulated by its ligand, the long-term OCT treatment increases the SSTR2 expression and enhances the effect of inhibiting HCC, however, short-term treatment may induce its desensitization and the decrease in anti-tumor effect. [

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523704


AIM: To study effects of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) signal transduction on expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3) in giant cell tumor of bone (GCT). METHODS: Expression of uPAR, MMP-2 and TIMP-3 in GCT tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Phosphorylation level of mitogen-activated protein kinase (p44) in uPA/uPAR signal pathway in cultured GCT cells was detected by immunoprecipitation. The expression of MMP-2 and TIMP-3 in cultured cells after treatment with uPA-ATF or anti-uPAR antibody was also detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: 1) Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) was positive on the cell membrane and in cytoplasm of some mononuclear stromal cells (MSCs) and multinucleated giant cells (MGCs); 2) MMP-2 was positive in the cytoplasm and on the cell membrane of almost all of MSCs and some of MGCs. The polar distribution of MMP-2 in the cytoplasm of MGCs was especially obvious; 3) The expression of TIMP-3 of some MSCs and MGCs in GCT was much lower than MMP-2. The positive signal also showed a prominent polarity; 4) After treatment with uPA-ATF, the phosphorylation level of p44 in GCT cultured cells was much higher than the control. Addition of anti-uPAR antibody in the cells remarkably down-regulated the phosphorylation level of p44 as compared with the control group, suggesting that uPA-ATF participates cell signal transduction and this reaction can be inhibited by anti-uPAR antibody; 5) uPA-ATF cell signal pathway up-regulated expression of MMP-2 and TIMP-3, while anti-uPAR antibody down-regulated the expression of MMP-2 and TIMP-3. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate for the first time that uPA-ATF directly regulates the expression of MMP-2 and TIMP-3 by signal transduction pathway, and the over-expression of MMP-2 and TIMP-3 may play an important role in local osteolysis of GCT. [

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528480


AIM:To study the expression of metastasis suppressor gene KAI1 mRNA in osteosarcoma tissue and osteosarcoma cell lines,and the relationship between it and the biological behavior of the tumor cells.METHODS:RT-PCR was used to detect KAI1 mRNA in 18 cases of resected fresh osteosarcoma samples and three cultured osteosarcoma cell lines.The proliferative rate,the adhesive and invasive abilities of the 3 cell lines were detected.The results were treated by analysis system of images and analyzed with t test.RESULTS:The relative amount of KAI1 mRNA in osteosarcomas with lung metastasis was 0.80?0.50,while that was 1.48?0.64 in osteosarcomas without lung metastasis,the former was significantly lower than the latter(P

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-522536


Objective To observe the effect of somatostatin (SST) on the expression of metalloproteinase-2(MMP-2) and tissue inhibitor matrix metalloproteinase-2(TIMP-2) of implanted tumor in nude mice after partial hepatectomy.Method Nude mice were divided into group A(n=10) implanted by human hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC),group B(n=10, partial hepatectomy) and C(n=10,HCC implantation after liver resection). SST(250 ?g/kg,b.i.d) was given intraperitoneally in group C. Mice were sacrificed on 35th d, tumor was measured, the expression of MVD.MMP-2 and TIMP-2 was detected by immunochemical staining and quantitative image computer-analysis. Results In group B, the weight and volume and expression of MVD.MMP-2 of tumor tissue was markedly incressed than in group A(P