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1.
Blood Research ; : 259-265, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913727

ABSTRACT

Background@#JAK2mutation status is a well-known risk factor for thrombosis in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms. However, the clinical usefulness of JAK2V617F allele burden is under investigation. @*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated the impact of the JAK2V617F allele burden on clinical characteristics and outcomes of JAK2V617F-positive polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET). The JAK2V617F allele burden was measured using sequencing. @*Results@#Altogether, 127 patients with JAK2V617F mutation (PV, N=61; ET, N=66) were included in this study. JAK2V617F allele burdens were positively correlated with white blood cell counts, hemoglobin values, lactate dehydrogenase levels, and platelet counts. The median values of JAK2V617F allele burden in patients with PV and ET were 58% and 30%, respectively. A JAK2V617F allele burden of ≥30%, older age, and a higher hemoglobin level were risk factors for thrombotic events in ET. In patients with PV, older age was the only thrombotic risk factor. The 8-year probabilities of overall survival (OS) were 82.9% in all patients. A high JAK2V617F allele burden (≥58%) was associated with poor OS in patients with PV. For the patients with ET, the difference in 8-year OS based on the JAK2V617F allele burden was not significant. @*Conclusion@#The JAK2V617F allele burden was correlated with hematologic parameters and clinical outcomes. Assessing the JAK2V617F allele burden can be helpful in predicting the thrombotic risk and disease course in patients with JAK2V617F-positive PV and ET.

2.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831774

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#For metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), various prognostic scoring systems have been developed. However, owing to the low prevalence of nonclear cell RCC, the three most commonly used tools were mainly developed based on patients with clear cell histology. Accordingly, this study applied three prognostic models to Korean non-clear cell RCC patients treated with first-line temsirolimus. @*Methods@#This study analyzed data for 74 patients with non-clear cell RCC who were treated with temsirolimus as the first-line therapy at eight medical centers between 2011 and 2016. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the different prognostic models were analyzed. @*Results@#Twenty-seven (36.5%), 24 (32.4%), and 44 patients (59.5%) were assigned to the poor prognosis groups of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium (IMDC), and Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma (ARCC) risk stratification models, respectively. All three prognostic models reliably discriminated the risk groups to predict progression-free survival and overall survival (p < 0.001). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for progression and survival was highest for the ARCC model (0.777; 0.734), followed by the IMDC (0.756; 0.724) and the MSKCC (0.742; 0.712) models. Furthermore, the sensitivity and specificity for predicting progression were highest with the ARCC model (sensitivity 63.6%, specificity 85.7%), followed by the MSKCC (sensitivity 58.2%, specificity 86.5%) and the IMDC models (sensitivity 56.4%, specificity 85.7%). @*Conclusions@#All three prognostic models accurately predicted the survival of the non-clear cell RCC patients treated with temsirolimus as the first-line therapy. Furthermore, the ARCC risk model performed better than the other risk models in predicting survival.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719712

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of irinotecan plus cisplatin (IP) over etoposide plus cisplatin (EP) in Korean patients with extensive-disease small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive IP, composed of irinotecan 65 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1 and 8+cisplatin 70 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1 every 3 weeks, or EP, composed of etoposide 100 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1, 2, 3+cisplatin 70 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1, every 3 weeks for a maximum of six cycles, until disease progression, or until unacceptable toxicity occurred. The primary endpoint was overall survival. RESULTS: A total of 362 patients were randomized to IP (n=173) and EP (n=189) arms. There were no significant differences between IP and EP arms for the median overall survival (10.9 months vs. 10.3 months, p=0.120) and the median progression-free survival (6.5 months vs. 5.8 months, p=0.115). However, there was a significant difference in response rate (62.4% vs. 48.2%, p=0.006). The pre-planned subgroup analyses showed that IP was associated with longer overall survival in male (11.3 months vs. 10.1 months, p=0.036), < 65 years old (12.7 months vs. 11.3 months, p=0.024), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0/1 (12.4 months vs. 10.9 months, p=0.040) patient groups. The severity of treatment-related adverse events such as grade 3/4 anemia, nausea and diarrhea was more frequent in patients treated with IP. CONCLUSION: The IP chemotherapy did not significantly improve the survival compared with EP chemotherapy in Korean patients with extensive-disease SCLC.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Arm , Cisplatin , Diarrhea , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Etoposide , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Male , Nausea , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1249-1256, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763155

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively validate the Korean Cancer Study Group Geriatric Score (KG)-7, a novel geriatric screening tool, in older patients with advanced cancer planned to undergo first-line palliative chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants answered the KG-7 questionnaire before undergoing geriatric assessment (GA) and first-line palliative chemotherapy. The performance of KG-7 was evaluated by calculating the sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), positive and negative predictive value (PPV and NPV), balanced accuracy (BA), and area under the curve (AUC). RESULTS: The baseline GA and KG-7 results were collected from 301 patients. The median age was 75 years (range, 70 to 93 years). Abnormal GA was documented in 222 patients (73.8%). Based on the ≤ 5 cut-off value of KG-7 for abnormal GA, abnormal KG-7 score was shown in 200 patients (66.4%). KG-7 showed SE, SP, PPV, NPV, and BA of 75.7%, 59.7%, 84.4%, 46.0%, and 67.7%, respectively; AUC was 0.745 (95% confidence interval, 0.687 to 0.803). Furthermore, patients with higher KG-7 scores showed significantly longer survival (p=0.006). CONCLUSION: KG-7 appears to be adequate in identifying patients with abnormal GA prospectively. Hence, KG-7 can be a useful screening tool for Asian countries with limited resources and high patient volume.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Asians , Drug Therapy , Geriatric Assessment , Humans , Mass Screening , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167311

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Genexol-PM is a Cremophor EL–free formulation of low-molecular-weight, non-toxic, and biodegradable polymeric micelle-bound paclitaxel. We conducted a phase III study comparing the clinical efficacy and toxicity of Genexol-PM with conventional paclitaxel (Genexol). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive Genexol-PM 260 mg/m² or Genexol 175 mg/m² intravenously every 3 weeks. The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR). RESULTS: The study enrolled 212 patients, of whom 105 were allocated to receive Genexol-PM. The mean received dose intensity of Genexol-PM was 246.8±21.3 mg/m² (95.0%), and that of Genexol was 168.3±10.6 mg/m² (96.2%). After a median follow-up of 24.5 months (range, 0.0 to 48.7 months), the ORR of Genexol-PM was 39.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 31.2 to 46.9) and the ORR of Genexol was 24.3% (95% CI, 17.5 to 31.1) (p(non-inferiority)=0.021, p(superiority)=0.016). The two groups did not differ significantly in overall survival (28.8 months for Genexol-PM vs. 23.8 months for Genexol; p=0.52) or progression-free survival (8.0 months for Genexol-PM vs. 6.7 months for Genexol; p=0.26). In both groups, the most common toxicities were neutropenia, with 68.6% occurrence in the Genexol-PM group versus 40.2% in the Genexol group (p < 0.01). The incidences of peripheral neuropathy of greater than grade 2 did not differ significantly between study treatments. CONCLUSION: Compared with standard paclitaxel, Genexol-PM demonstrated non-inferior and even superior clinical efficacy with a manageable safety profile in patients with metastatic breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Neutropenia , Paclitaxel , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Polymers , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76274

ABSTRACT

In adults, most intussusceptions develop from a lesion, usually a benign or malignant neoplasm, and can occur at any site in the gastrointestinal tract. Intussusception in the proximal gastrointestinal tract is uncommon, and gastro-gastric intussusception is extremely rare. We present a case of gastro-gastric intussusception secondary to a primary gastric lymphoma. An 82-year-old female patient presented with acute onset chest pain and vomiting. Abdominal CT revealed a gastro-gastric intussusception. We performed upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, revealing a large gastric mass invaginated into the gastric lumen and distorting the distal stomach. Uncomplicated gastric reposition was achieved with endoscopy of the distal stomach. Histological evaluation of the gastric mass revealed a diffuse large B cell lymphoma that was treated with chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Chest Pain , Drug Therapy , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Female , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Intussusception , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Stomach , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Vomiting
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198399

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate outcomes in adult patients with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) or Burkitt-like lymphoma treated with an rituximab plus hyper-CVAD (R-hyper-CVAD) regimen by focusing on tolerability and actual delivered relative dose intensity (RDI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients > or = 20 years of age and pathologically diagnosed with BL or Burkitt-like lymphoma were treated with at least one cycle of R-hyper-CVAD as the first-line treatment in this study. Eligible patients' case report forms were requested from their physicians to obtain clinical and laboratory data for this retrospective study. RESULTS: Forty-three patients (median age, 51 years) from 14 medical centers in Korea were analyzed, none of which were infected with human immunodeficiency virus. The majority of patients had advanced diseases, and 24 patients achieved a complete response (75.0%). After a median follow-up period of 20.0 months, 2-year event-free and overall survival rates were 70.9% and 81.4%, respectively. Eleven patients (25.6%) were unable to complete the R-hyper-CVAD regimen, including six patients due to early death. The RDIs of adriamycin, vincristine, methotrexate, and cytarabine were between 60% and 65%, which means less than 25% of patients received greater than 80% of the planned dose of each drug. Poor performance status was related to the lower RDIs of doxorubicin and methotrexate. CONCLUSION: R-hyper-CVAD showed excellent treatment outcomes in patients who were suitable for dose-intense chemotherapy. However, management of patients who are intolerant to a dose-intense regimen remains problematic due to the frequent occurrence of treatmentrelated complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Burkitt Lymphoma , Cytarabine , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , HIV , Humans , Korea , Lymphoma , Methotrexate , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Vincristine
8.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 581-584, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-92381

ABSTRACT

Myeloid sarcoma is an extramedullary myeloid neoplasm that usually involves the skin, soft tissues, and lymph nodes. Myeloid sarcoma is found in 2.5-9.1% of acute myeloid leukemia patients, usually those with t (8;21), while inv (16) is rarely associated with myeloid sarcoma. Consequently, little is known of the characteristics and incidence of inv (16) in myeloid sarcoma. Myeloid sarcoma in acute myeloid leukemia patients with inv (16) is most often found in the abdominal lesions; the intestinal tract is involved most commonly, in the form of a mass. Here, we report an unusual myeloid sarcoma presenting as peritoneal carcinomatosis in acute myeloid leukemia with inv (16) that appeared to be ascites.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Carcinoma , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16 , Humans , Incidence , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Lymph Nodes , Peritoneum , Sarcoma, Myeloid , Skin
9.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 218-223, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167630

ABSTRACT

A central nervous system (CNS) relapse is a rare but mostly fatal complication in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). CNS involvement can occur as an isolated event or can be combined with progression of systemic disease. There are limited data on treatment outcomes of patients with DLBCL and secondary CNS involvement. We report the clinical data, treatments, and outcomes of two DLBCL patients with isolated CNS relapses involving the brain parenchyma. Isolated CNS disease involving the brain parenchyma may be potentially treatable as the initial relapse site after complete remission from systemic treatment.


Subject(s)
Brain , Central Nervous System , Central Nervous System Diseases , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Recurrence
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213783

ABSTRACT

Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a monoclonal plasma cell disorder. Patients with POEMS syndrome also have various clinical manifestations including generalized edema, pleural effusion, ascites, papilledema, and sclerotic bone lesions. These manifestations can lead to a misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis. We recently experienced a 51-year-old male patient with POEMS syndrome whose sclerotic bone lesion was misdiagnosed as malignant bone metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma. We reassessed the patient and found polyneuropathy, hepatosplenomegaly, hypothyroidism, partial hypopituitarism, immunoglobulin G lambda-type monoclonal gammopathy, hypertrichosis, ascites, and multiple sclerotic bone lesions, all of which led us to a diagnosis of POEMS syndrome. Treatment with thalidomide and dexamethasone resulted in clinical and radiological improvement. The patient has remained in remission after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Delayed Diagnosis , Dexamethasone , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Edema , Humans , Hypertrichosis , Hypopituitarism , Hypothyroidism , Immunoglobulin G , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Papilledema , Paraproteinemias , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Plasma Cells , Pleural Effusion , POEMS Syndrome , Polyneuropathies , Skin , Thalidomide , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200225

ABSTRACT

We assessed the success rate of empirical antifungal therapy with itraconazole and evaluated risk factors for predicting the failure of empirical antifungal therapy. A multicenter, prospective, observational study was performed in patients with hematological malignancies who had neutropenic fever and received empirical antifungal therapy with itraconazole at 22 centers. A total of 391 patients who had abnormal findings on chest imaging tests (31.0%) or a positive result of enzyme immunoassay for serum galactomannan (17.6%) showed a 56.5% overall success rate. Positive galactomannan tests before the initiation of the empirical antifungal therapy (P=0.026, hazard ratio [HR], 2.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-4.69) and abnormal findings on the chest imaging tests before initiation of the empirical antifungal therapy (P=0.022, HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.11-3.71) were significantly associated with poor outcomes for the empirical antifungal therapy. Eight patients (2.0%) had premature discontinuation of itraconazole therapy due to toxicity. It is suggested that positive galactomannan tests and abnormal findings on the chest imaging tests at the time of initiation of the empirical antifungal therapy are risk factors for predicting the failure of the empirical antifungal therapy with itraconazole. (Clinical Trial Registration on National Cancer Institute website, NCT01060462)


Subject(s)
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antifungal Agents/adverse effects , Aspergillosis/complications , Candidiasis/complications , Coccidioidomycosis/complications , Febrile Neutropenia/complications , Female , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Humans , Itraconazole/adverse effects , Male , Mannans/blood , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30787

ABSTRACT

Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) is a rare disease that occurs in 3% to 5% of patients with plasma cell disorder. It occurs most commonly in the upper respiratory tract and the oral cavity. Very few EMP cases have been reported in the central nervous system (CNS). We report herein an unusual case of EMP in the nasal cavity that recurred in the CNS without systemic involvement. A 67-year-old man visited our hospital due to a month-long bout with exophthalmos. He was diagnosed with EMP in the nasal cavity, paranasal sinus, and orbital cavity. He received radiotherapy to which he had complete responses. After 2 years, he visited our hospital because of a month-long headache. He was diagnosed with EMP recurrence in the CNS via brain magnetic resonance imaging and cerebrospinal fluid analysis. He was treated with whole brain radiotherapy and intrathecal chemotherapy with methotrexate, but he expired due to pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Brain , Central Nervous System , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Drug Therapy , Exophthalmos , Headache , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methotrexate , Mouth , Nasal Cavity , Orbit , Plasma Cells , Plasmacytoma , Pneumonia , Radiotherapy , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Respiratory System
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-97207

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the clinical outcome of bone marrow (BM) involvement in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who received rituximab-based therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 567 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated with rituximab-CHOP (RCHOP) between November 2001 and March 2010 were included in the current study. All of the patients underwent a BM study at the initial staging and the clinical characteristics and prognosis of these patients with or without BM involvement were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The total cohort included 567 patients. The overall incidence of BM involvement was 8.5%. With a median follow-up duration of 33.2 months (range, 0.1 to 80.7 months) for patients who were alive at the last follow-up, the five-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rate in patients without BM involvement (76.3% and 67.5%, p<0.001) was statistically higher than that in patients with BM involvement (44.3% and 40.1%, p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, among total patients, BM involvement showed a significant association with OS and EFS. In univariate and multivariate analyses, even among stage IV patients, a significant association with worse EFS was observed in the BM involvement group. CONCLUSION: BM involvement at diagnosis affected the survival of patients with DLBCL who received RCHOP. Although use of RCHOP can result in significant improvement of the therapeutic effect of DLBCL, BM involvement is still a negative prognostic factor of DLBCL patients in the era of rituximab.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , B-Lymphocytes , Bone Marrow , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Rituximab
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78976

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: End-of-dose failure (EOD) is a clinically common observation and many cancer patients increase the frequency of opioid administration. Fentanyl matrix use is known to be effective in patients with chronic cancer pain. To measure the effectiveness of increase in a single dose of fentanyl matrix in patients whose pain was not controlled sufficiently, we perform this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-center, open-label, prospective, observational study was conducted in 30 hospitals in Korea, between August and December 2008. RESULTS: A total of 452 patients were enrolled; 404 patients completed the study. The mean pain intensity decreased from 5.27 at the first visit to 3.37 at the end of the trial. There was a significant difference in pain intensity (p < 0.001) between the first and last visits. The percentage of pain intensity difference was 30.1%. The prevalence of EOD at the first visit was 73% from the 452 enrolled patients. After the use of fentanyl patch, EOD decreased from 73% to 56%. Pain intensity of patients experiencing EOD was 5.64 at the baseline compared to 4.27 in patients without EOD. On final visit, pain intensity in patients with and without EOD was 4.02 and 2.54, respectively. The observed adverse events were mainly nausea, asthenia, constipation and diarrhea. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that increasing dose of fentanyl patch decreased pain intensity and decreased the rate of patients experiencing EOD. Thus, fentanyl patch may be an effective modality in cancer patients whose pain was previously not controlled sufficiently; the side effects were as could be expected with an opioid.


Subject(s)
Asthenia , Constipation , Diarrhea , Fentanyl , Humans , Korea , Nausea , Observational Study , Prevalence , Prospective Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50811

ABSTRACT

Interstitial pneumonia occurs in approximately 25% of patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome. Interstitial pneumonia combined with primary Sjogren's syndrome usually responds well to systemic steroids, and fatal cases are rare. Lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia shows diffuse infiltration of polyclonal B and T cells. Autologous stem cell transplantation is performed in cases of primary Sjogren's syndrome as an optional treatment when the condition responds poorly to conventional treatment. The hypothesis that primary Sjogren's syndrome improves after transplantation relies on the role of B-cell abnormalities in pathogenesis or the strong effects of immunosuppressive therapy. We experienced the case of a patient diagnosed with primary Sjogren's syndrome and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia progression refractory to conventional treatment (steroid and immunosuppressive drugs) and cyclophosphamide pulse therapy. Our patient demonstrated improvement of lung manifestations and autoimmune disease activity after autologous stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , B-Lymphocytes , Cyclophosphamide , Humans , Lung , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Sjogren's Syndrome , Stem Cell Transplantation , Steroids , T-Lymphocytes , Transplants
16.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 817-822, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126590

ABSTRACT

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disorder characterized by the combined occurrence of tumors of the parathyroid gland, exocrine pancreas, and anterior pituitary gland. Calcitonin-secreting pancreatic endocrine tumors are rare, and calcitonin-secreting pancreatic endocrine tumors with MEN1 have not been reported in Korea. A 46-year-old woman was admitted for a right breast cancer operation. Abnormal blood chemistry findings were hypercalcemia and elevated calcitonin. The patient was diagnosed with a calcitonin-secreting pancreatic endocrine tumor, left thyroid papillary carcinoma, right breast invasive ductal carcinoma, a thymic carcinoid tumor, left adrenal adenoma, uterine myoma, and adenomyosis by computed tomography scan, and with pituitary macroadenoma by brain magnetic resonance imaging. We present this case with a review of the literature, because it is the first reported calcitonin-secreting pancreatic endocrine tumor with MEN 1 in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Adenomyosis , Brain , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Calcitonin , Carcinoid Tumor , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Papillary , Female , Humans , Hypercalcemia , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 , Myoma , Pancreas, Exocrine , Parathyroid Glands , Pituitary Gland, Anterior , Thyroid Gland
17.
Intestinal Research ; : 300-304, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45080

ABSTRACT

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a subtype of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), accounting for 3-10% of NHL. MCL involves the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in 10-30% of patients and common sites of MCL GI tract involvement are the colorectum and stomach, but any region of the GI tract may be involved. GI tract involvement by MCL usually presents in the form of multiple lymphomatous polyposis involving several segments of the GI tract. A few cases of MCL presenting with a GI tract stricture have been reported. Here, we present a rare case of a small intestinal stricture caused by MCL and review the literature of this disease.


Subject(s)
Accounting , B-Lymphocytes , Constriction, Pathologic , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Intestine, Small , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Stomach
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11955

ABSTRACT

Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is a syndrome characterized by excessive gastrointestinal protein loss, resulting in hypoproteinemia and edema. A variety of benign and malignant conditions can be associated with PLE and acute leukemia is a very rare cause of PLE. We report a case of PLE associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. A 27-year-old man was admitted due to watery diarrhea, epigastric pain and bilateral leg edema. Laboratory findings showed hypoproteinemia and polycythemia. The diagnosis of PLE and acute lymphoblastic leukemia were confirmed on the measurement of fecal alpha1-antitrypsin clearance and bone marrow examination. After systemic chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation, his clinical symptoms and abnormal laboratory findings were gradually improved.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow Cells/pathology , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/complications , Protein-Losing Enteropathies/complications , Thoracic Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Translocation, Genetic , alpha 1-Antitrypsin/analysis
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-117515

ABSTRACT

Essential thrombocythemia (ET), a subcategory of chronic myeloproliferative disorder, is characterized by absolute thrombocytosis due to excessive clonal proliferation of platelets, hyperaggregability of platelets, and increased incidence of thrombosis and hemorrhage. We consider a diagnosis of ET when an unexplained and persistent thrombocytosis is observed. It is difficult to consider ET first when we meet a patient with esophageal varix bleeding or unusual multiple thromboses like mesenteric vein, splenic vein, and portal vein. This article reports a patient who presented initially with esophageal varix bleeding and unusual multiple thromboses, thereafter, she was diagnosed with ET after testing positive for the Janus Tyrosine Kinase 2 (JAK2) V617F mutation. In conclusion, in patients with varix bleeding and unusual multiple thromboses, myeloproliferative disorders like essential thrombocythemia should be considered as a potential cause and testing for the JAK2 mutation is warranted.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Mesenteric Veins , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Portal Vein , Splenic Vein , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Thrombocytosis , Thrombosis , TYK2 Kinase , Varicose Veins
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210653

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of treatment with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) in NSCLC patients has not yet been determined. METHODS: We separated 228 patients with advanced/metastatic NSCLC treated with gefitinib into an early gefitinib group (patients who received gefitinib as first- or second-line treatment) and a delayed gefitinib group (patients who received gefitinib as third or fourth-line treatment) and attempted to determine whether the timing of gefitinib treatment affected clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Median overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), and median OS from first-line treatment of advanced/metastatic disease (OSt) for 111 patients in the early gefitinib group were 6.2 months, 3.3 months, and 11.6 months. However, median OS, PFS, and OSt for 84 patients in the delayed gefitinib group were 7.8 months, 2.3 months, and 22.7 months. No differences in OS and PFS were observed between the 2 groups. However, OSt was significantly longer in the delayed gefitnib group. Timing of gefitinib therapy was one of the independent predictors of OSt. Hb > or = 10 g/dl, and having never smoked, and ECOG performance status < or =1 were independent predictors of better PFS. CONCLUSION: Deferral of gefitinib therapy in patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC may be preferable if they are able to tolerate chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Phosphotransferases , Quinazolines , Retrospective Studies , Smoke
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