Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 49
Filter
1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 218-225, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913835

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to investigate the risk factors and patterns of locoregional recurrence (LRR) after radical nephrectomy (RN) in patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 245 patients who underwent RN for non-metastatic pT3-4 RCC from January 2006 to January 2016. We analyzed the risk factors associated with poor locoregional control using Cox regression. Anatomical mapping was performed on reference computed tomography scans showing intact kidneys. @*Results@#The median follow-up duration was 56 months (range, 1 to 128 months). Tumor extension to renal vessels or the inferior vena cava (IVC) and Fuhrman’s nuclear grade IV were identified as independent risk factors of LRR. The 5-year actuarial LRR rates in groups with no risk factor, one risk factor, and two risk factors were 2.3%, 19.8%, and 30.8%, respectively (p < 0.001). The locations of LRR were distributed as follows: aortocaval area (n=2), paraaortic area (n=4), retrocaval area (n=5), and tumor bed (n=11). No LRR was observed above the celiac axis (CA) or under the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). @*Conclusion@#Tumor extension to renal vessels or the IVC and Fuhrman’s nuclear grade IV were the independent risk factors associated with LRR after RN for pT3-4 RCC. The locations of LRR after RN for RCC were distributed in the tumor bed and regional lymphatic area from the bifurcation of the CA to that of the IMA.

2.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 107-114, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926797

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the performance of combining prostate health index (PHI) and Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2) for detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa). @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent prostate biopsy for elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) ≥2.5 ng/mL and/or abnormal digital rectal examination. Serum markers for PSA, free PSA (fPSA), and [-2] proPSA (p2PSA) were measured, and PHI was calculated as ([p2PSA/fPSA]×[PSA]1/2). Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging was performed using a 3.0T scanner and scored using PI-RADSv2. csPCa was defined as either grade group (GG) ≥2 disease or GG1 cancer detected in >2 cores or >50% of positive on biopsy. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression modelling, along with receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to predict the probability of csPCa. @*Results@#Of the total 358 patients, 159 (44.4%) were diagnosed with csPCa. On univariable analysis, age, PSA density (PSAD), PHI and PI-RADSv2 were associated with csPCa. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of baseline model incorporating age and PSAD was 0.663. The AUC of combining PHI and PI-RADSv2 to baseline model was higher than that of PHI alone to baseline model (0.884 vs. 0.807, p<0.0001) and PI-RADSv2 alone to baseline model (0.884 vs. 0.846, p=0.0002), respectively. If biopsy was restricted to patients with PI-RADS 5 as well as PI-RADS 3 or 4 and PHI ≥27, 36.0% of unnecessary biopsy could be avoided at the cost of missing 4.7% of csPCa. @*Conclusions@#The combination of PHI and PI-RADSv2 to baseline model incorporating age and PSAD had higher accuracy for detection of csPCa compared with PHI or PI-RADSv2 alone.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 795-802, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889751

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the effects of bladder cuff method on oncological outcomes in patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma. @*Materials and Methods@#The records of 1,095 patients treated with RNU performed at our hospital between 1994 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed; 856 patients with no bladder tumor history were enrolled in the present study. The management of bladder cuff was divided into two categories: extravesical ligation (EL) or transvesical resection (TR). Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analyses were performed to determine which factors were associated with intravesical recurrence (IVR)–free survival (IVRFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS). @*Results@#The mean patient age was 64.8 years and the median follow-up was 37.7 months. Among the 865 patients, 477 (55.7%) underwent the TR and 379 (44.3%) the EL. Significantly higher IVRFS (p=0.001) and OS (p=0.013) were observed in the TR group. In multivariable analysis, IVR, CSS, and OS were independently associated with the EL. Among 379 patients treated with the EL, eight underwent remnant ureterectomy. Based on radical cystectomy–free survival, significant difference was not observed between the two groups. However, significantly higher IVRFS was observed in the TR group when the tumor was located in the renal pelvis. @*Conclusion@#Intramural complete excision of the distal ureter during RNU should be the gold standard approach compared with EL for the management of distal ureter in terms of oncological outcomes.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 795-802, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897455

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the effects of bladder cuff method on oncological outcomes in patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma. @*Materials and Methods@#The records of 1,095 patients treated with RNU performed at our hospital between 1994 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed; 856 patients with no bladder tumor history were enrolled in the present study. The management of bladder cuff was divided into two categories: extravesical ligation (EL) or transvesical resection (TR). Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analyses were performed to determine which factors were associated with intravesical recurrence (IVR)–free survival (IVRFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS). @*Results@#The mean patient age was 64.8 years and the median follow-up was 37.7 months. Among the 865 patients, 477 (55.7%) underwent the TR and 379 (44.3%) the EL. Significantly higher IVRFS (p=0.001) and OS (p=0.013) were observed in the TR group. In multivariable analysis, IVR, CSS, and OS were independently associated with the EL. Among 379 patients treated with the EL, eight underwent remnant ureterectomy. Based on radical cystectomy–free survival, significant difference was not observed between the two groups. However, significantly higher IVRFS was observed in the TR group when the tumor was located in the renal pelvis. @*Conclusion@#Intramural complete excision of the distal ureter during RNU should be the gold standard approach compared with EL for the management of distal ureter in terms of oncological outcomes.

5.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 148-154, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894826

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We investigated the predictive factors for acute urinary retention (AUR) after transperineal template-guided mapping biopsy (TTMB). @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the records of 459 patients who had undergone TTMB between May 2017 and July 2020. Overall complications after TTMB were analyzed and categorized according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Factors that were likely to affect AUR were analyzed using a logistic regression model. @*Results@#Overall complications after TTMB were observed in 95 of the 459 patients (20.7%), of which AUR was the most commonly reported (17.4%, n=80), followed by hematuria (3.1%, n=14). Hematuria in one patient was categorized as Clavien-Dindo grade IIIa. All remaining complications were Clavien-Dindo grade I. In the multivariate regression model, age ≥65 (odds ratio, 2.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.42–4.17; p=0.001), prostate volume ≥30 mL (odds ratio, 3.72; 95% CI, 1.19–11.62; p<0.02), and number of biopsy cores ≥30 (odds ratio, 2.89; 95% CI, 1.29–6.43; p=0.01) were identified as the predictors for AUR after TTMB. @*Conclusions@#AUR is the most common complication after TTMB. Age ≥65 years, prostate volume ≥30 mL, and number of biopsy cores ≥30 were significant predictors of AUR following TTMB.

6.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 183-192, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894822

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To analyze and compare the results of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) at a single center with the previous large-scale studies in terms of perioperative and oncological outcomes. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated 1,013 cases of RPN in our center database from December 2008 to August 2018. Total 11 cases were excluded in final analysis. We evaluated perioperative outcomes as the Trifecta achievement, which is defined as no positive surgical margin (PSM), no perioperative complications greater than Clavien-Dindo classification I and a warm ischemia time of <25 minutes. In addition, we analyzed pathological and oncological outcomes; recurrence, metastasis, all-cause deaths, cancer-specific deaths, and 5-year survival rates. @*Results@#In 1,002 cases, the Trifecta achievement was 61.1% (n=612). The postoperative complication was 18.4% (n=184) but most were grade 2 or less (14.9%, n=145). Ninety-three cases (9.28%) had benign and 907 cases (90.5%) had malignant pathologies. A local recurrence were 14 cases (1.54%) and distant metastasis were 20 cases (2.2%) during follow-up periods. Allcause death rate was 1.2% (n=11) and cancer-specific death rate was 0.2% (n=2). The median follow-up period was 39 months. A 5-year recurrence-free survival rate, cancer-specific survival rate, and overall survival rate were 95.2%, 99.7%, and 98.4%. @*Conclusions@#In summary, our data shows comparable perioperative outcomes to other largescale studies of RPN in terms of the Trifecta achievement with similar baseline characteristics. In terms of oncological outcomes, there was lower rate of PSM and similar recurrence free survival rate.

7.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 148-154, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902530

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We investigated the predictive factors for acute urinary retention (AUR) after transperineal template-guided mapping biopsy (TTMB). @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the records of 459 patients who had undergone TTMB between May 2017 and July 2020. Overall complications after TTMB were analyzed and categorized according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Factors that were likely to affect AUR were analyzed using a logistic regression model. @*Results@#Overall complications after TTMB were observed in 95 of the 459 patients (20.7%), of which AUR was the most commonly reported (17.4%, n=80), followed by hematuria (3.1%, n=14). Hematuria in one patient was categorized as Clavien-Dindo grade IIIa. All remaining complications were Clavien-Dindo grade I. In the multivariate regression model, age ≥65 (odds ratio, 2.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.42–4.17; p=0.001), prostate volume ≥30 mL (odds ratio, 3.72; 95% CI, 1.19–11.62; p<0.02), and number of biopsy cores ≥30 (odds ratio, 2.89; 95% CI, 1.29–6.43; p=0.01) were identified as the predictors for AUR after TTMB. @*Conclusions@#AUR is the most common complication after TTMB. Age ≥65 years, prostate volume ≥30 mL, and number of biopsy cores ≥30 were significant predictors of AUR following TTMB.

8.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 183-192, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902526

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To analyze and compare the results of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) at a single center with the previous large-scale studies in terms of perioperative and oncological outcomes. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated 1,013 cases of RPN in our center database from December 2008 to August 2018. Total 11 cases were excluded in final analysis. We evaluated perioperative outcomes as the Trifecta achievement, which is defined as no positive surgical margin (PSM), no perioperative complications greater than Clavien-Dindo classification I and a warm ischemia time of <25 minutes. In addition, we analyzed pathological and oncological outcomes; recurrence, metastasis, all-cause deaths, cancer-specific deaths, and 5-year survival rates. @*Results@#In 1,002 cases, the Trifecta achievement was 61.1% (n=612). The postoperative complication was 18.4% (n=184) but most were grade 2 or less (14.9%, n=145). Ninety-three cases (9.28%) had benign and 907 cases (90.5%) had malignant pathologies. A local recurrence were 14 cases (1.54%) and distant metastasis were 20 cases (2.2%) during follow-up periods. Allcause death rate was 1.2% (n=11) and cancer-specific death rate was 0.2% (n=2). The median follow-up period was 39 months. A 5-year recurrence-free survival rate, cancer-specific survival rate, and overall survival rate were 95.2%, 99.7%, and 98.4%. @*Conclusions@#In summary, our data shows comparable perioperative outcomes to other largescale studies of RPN in terms of the Trifecta achievement with similar baseline characteristics. In terms of oncological outcomes, there was lower rate of PSM and similar recurrence free survival rate.

9.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 124-139, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836783

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The Advanced Prostate Cancer Consensus Conference (APCCC) 2015 was based on topics withcontroversy in the field of advanced prostate cancer. To understand the Korean urologists perspective regardingthe issues, we have conducted a questionnaire named Prostate Cancer Summit (PCAS) 2016, with 9 importantsubtopics. @*Materials and Methods@#Total 9 subtopics have been decided and questions were developed regarding eachsubtopic. The questions were based on that of APCCC 2015 and translated into Korean for better understanding.Total 51 panelists have voted online on 85 different questions. @*Results@#The survey concluded that testosterone should be measured as a diagnostic criterion for castrationresistance prostate cancer (CRPC) and that consensus was reached on issues such as the use of androgenreceptor pathway inhibitors in the treatment of predocetaxel and postdocetaxel in CRPC patients. In addition,76% of the participants agreed that imaging tests were needed before new treatment in CRPC patients, anda majority of participants agreed that periodic imaging tests are necessary regardless of symptoms during treatmentfor CRPC. However, some issues, such as the use of prostate-specific antigen-based triggers for remediationin CRPC patients, the endocrine manipulation in nonmetastatic CRPC patients, and the onset of treatment inasymptomatic metastatic CRPC patients, were not agreed. @*Conclusions@#The results from PCAS 2016 has addressed some of the issues with controversy. Although thevoting results are subjective, it will help guide treatment decisions in topics with less evidence.

10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e342-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831715

ABSTRACT

Background@#To evaluate the strategy for detection of prostate cancer (PCa) with low prostate specific antigen (PSA) level (2.5–4.0 ng/mL), prostate biopsy patients with low PSA were assessed. We evaluated the risk of low PSA PCa and the strategy for screening low-PSA patients. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the patients who underwent prostate biopsy with low PSA level. Baseline characteristics, PSA level before prostate biopsy, prostate volume, prostate specific antigen density (PSAD), and pathological data were assessed. @*Results@#Among the 1986 patients, 24.97% were diagnosed with PCa. The PSAD was 0.12 ± 0.04 ng/mL2 in the PCa-diagnosed group and 0.10 ± 0.04 ng/mL2 in non-cancer-diagnosed group (P < 0.001). Of the 496 patients diagnosed with PCa, 302 (60.89%) were in the intermediate- or high-risk group. PSAD was 0.13 ± 0.04 ng/mL2 in the intermediate- or highrisk group and 0.11 ± 0.03 ng/mL2 in the very low- and low-risk group (P < 0.001). Of 330 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy, 85.15% were diagnosed as having significant cancer. There was significant correlation between PSAD and PCa (r = 0.294, P < 0.001).PSAD with a specificity of 80.00% of a clinically significant cancer diagnosis was assessed at 0.1226 ng/mL2 . @*Conclusion@#The PCa detection rate in the low-PSA group was not lower than that of previous studies of patients with PSA from 4.0 to 10.0 ng/mL. Further, it may be helpful to define a strategy for PCa detection using PSAD in the low-PSA group.

11.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 194-200, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894817

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There remains a lot of unmet need to increase understanding of node-positive (ypN+) muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical cystectomy to decide the appropriate therapeutics. @*Materials and Methods@#In a retrospective study using the center cancer chemotherapy registry, we found 113 MIBC patients who were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy involving gemcitabine and cisplatin (GP) followed by radical cystectomy between 2010 and 2014. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared according to the pathologic node positivity (ypN- vs. ypN+). Among a total of 165 patients with MIBC who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy involving GP, 118 underwent radical cystectomy. In 46 patients with ypN+ disease, DFS and OS were evaluated according to administration of adjuvant GP. @*Results@#After neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical cystectomy, 41% of patients had ypN+ disease, which showed significantly shorter DFS (median, 7.4 months; 95% confidence interval [CI], 5.3–9.6 months) and OS (median, 20.0 months; 95% CI, 13.4–26.6 months) compared to those with ypN- disease. The patients with ypN+ disease had a high risk of recurrence or death, regardless of the administration of adjuvant chemotherapy or adjuvant regimen. @*Conclusions@#Within the limitations of this retrospective study, MIBC patients with ypN+ disease despite neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical cystectomy had a poor prognosis. Further studies involving novel, effective adjuvant treatment including immunotherapy agents are needed to reduce the high risk of recurrence or death in these patients.

12.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 194-200, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902521

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There remains a lot of unmet need to increase understanding of node-positive (ypN+) muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical cystectomy to decide the appropriate therapeutics. @*Materials and Methods@#In a retrospective study using the center cancer chemotherapy registry, we found 113 MIBC patients who were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy involving gemcitabine and cisplatin (GP) followed by radical cystectomy between 2010 and 2014. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared according to the pathologic node positivity (ypN- vs. ypN+). Among a total of 165 patients with MIBC who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy involving GP, 118 underwent radical cystectomy. In 46 patients with ypN+ disease, DFS and OS were evaluated according to administration of adjuvant GP. @*Results@#After neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical cystectomy, 41% of patients had ypN+ disease, which showed significantly shorter DFS (median, 7.4 months; 95% confidence interval [CI], 5.3–9.6 months) and OS (median, 20.0 months; 95% CI, 13.4–26.6 months) compared to those with ypN- disease. The patients with ypN+ disease had a high risk of recurrence or death, regardless of the administration of adjuvant chemotherapy or adjuvant regimen. @*Conclusions@#Within the limitations of this retrospective study, MIBC patients with ypN+ disease despite neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical cystectomy had a poor prognosis. Further studies involving novel, effective adjuvant treatment including immunotherapy agents are needed to reduce the high risk of recurrence or death in these patients.

13.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 150-159, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918254

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To determine whether systemic inflammatory response (SIR), particularly platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), has different prognostic role between patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) receiving first-line tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI).@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed 547 patients with mRCC who were diagnosed and treated with a first-line TKI between 2007 and 2015. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) and secondary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). We evaluated differences in survival outcomes according to SIR and identified predictors of OS and PFS.@*RESULTS@#In synchronous mRCC, patients with a higher PLR had significantly worse OS and PFS. Moreover, a higher NLR was also associated with both worse OS and PFS in these patients. However, PLR was not associated with either OS or PFS in metachronous mRCC patients. While metachronous mRCC patients with a higher NLR had worse OS compared to those with lower NLR, there was no difference in PFS according to the status of NLR. On multivariate analysis, PLR was identified as predictive factor for OS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.55) as well as PFS (HR, 1.39) in patients with synchronous mRCC, but not in patients with metachronous mRCC. Additionally, higher NLR was also remained as predictive factor of both OS (HR, 1.83) and PFS (HR, 1.57) in patients with synchronous mRCC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study indicates that simple biomarkers of SIR, particularly PLR and NLR, can be more useful predictors of survival outcomes in patients with synchronous mRCC rather than metachronous mRCC.

14.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1269-1274, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763233

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Treatment targeting immune checkpoint with programmed death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors has demonstrated efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC). We investigated the efficacy and safety of atezolizumab in mUC patients who failed platinum-based chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study using the Samsung Medical Center cancer chemotherapy registry was performed on 50 consecutive patients with mUC treated with atezolizumab, regardless of their PD-L1(SP142) status, as salvage therapy after chemotherapy failure between May 2017 and June 2018. Endpoints included overall response rate (RR), progression-free survival (PFS), and safety. RESULTS: Among 50 patients, men constituted 76% and the median age was 68 years (range, 46 to 82 years). Twenty-three patients (46%) received atezolizumab as second-line therapy. PD-L1 (SP142) status IC0/1 and IC2/3 were found in 21 (42%) and 21 (42%) of patients, respectively; in eight patients (16%), PD-L1 (SP142) expression was not available. Atezolizumab was generally well tolerated, with pruritus and fatigue being the most commonly observed toxicities. As a result, partial response was noted in 20 patients (40%), with 12 (24%) stable diseases. RRwas higherin IC2/3 (62%) than in IC0/1 patients (24%, p=0.013). The median PFS was 7.4 months (95% confidence interval, 3.4 to 11.4 months). As expected, PFS also was significantly longer in IC2/3 patients than in IC0/1 (median, 12.7 vs. 2.1 months; p=0.005). PFS was not significantly influenced by age, sex, performance status, number of previous chemotherapy, site of metastases, or any of the baseline laboratory parameters. CONCLUSION: In this retrospective study, atezolizumab demonstrated clinically efficacy and tolerability in unselected mUC patients who failed platinum-based chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Fatigue , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pruritus , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy
15.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 96-102, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760332

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The efficacy of nivolumab in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has been proven. However, the nivolumab experience in Korean patients with mRCC is still poorly reported. We report initial experiences with the efficacy and safety of nivolumab in patients with mRCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records for 25 patients with mRCC who had failed targeted therapy and were treated by nivolumab (2 mg/kg, every 2 weeks) at a single institution. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR), and secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), safety profiles, and ORR in a programmed cell death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression subgroup. RESULTS: The median age was 60 years and 16 patients (64%) were male. Objective responses were achieved in 8 patients (32.0%) (complete response, 1; partial response, 7). Median PFS was 3.0 months (95% confidence interval, 1.46–4.53). Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) of any grade were observed in 19 patients (76.0%) with 6 (24.0%) experiencing grade 3 to 4 treatment-related AEs. In subgroups by PD-L1 expression levels classified as 1% or greater and less than 1%, ORR was 50% and 0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the efficacy and safety of initial experiences with nivolumab in Korean patients with mRCC who had failed targeted therapy. Our results were comparable to recent clinical trials on nivolumab in mRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , B7-H1 Antigen , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Cell Death , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 60-65, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760324

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare biopsy performance of 2 approaches for multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided biopsy and transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided biopsy with 2nd and 3rd repeat biopsy patients in prostate cancer detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed 2,868 patients who was performed prostate biopsy between September 2013 to March 2017 at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea with TRUS-guided random biopsy and MRI fusion, MRI cognitive, and MRI-guided biopsy as 2nd and 3rd repeat biopsy and propensity matching was applied to reduce bias. Detection rate of each study was compared with 1:1 matching. RESULTS: Among 265 patients who performed TRUS 2nd biopsy, positivity rate for prostate cancer (PCa) was 18.49% (n=49/265) while 54.72% (n=145/265) for MRI-guided biopsy. In 3rd biopsy, positivity rate for PCa of TRUS biopsy was 17.74% (n=11/62) while 56.45% (n=35/62) for MRI guided biopsy. There was no significant difference in the detection rate for the patient with Gleason score 8 or more. CONCLUSIONS: MRI-guided biopsy was associated with a higher detection rate of prostate cancer with especially in patients with prior negative biopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bias , Biopsy , Cohort Studies , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Grading , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Propensity Score , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Ultrasonography
17.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 66-71, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217624

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the negative predictive value (NPV) of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) for clinically significant cancer (CSC) based on the Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) version 2 in very low-risk or low-risk prostate cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 380 patients with low risk of prostate cancer who underwent mp-MRI before radical prostatectomy (RP) from 2011 to 2013. Of the 380 patients, 142 patients were in the very low risk group. CSC at RP was defined as follows: any T3−4, G3+4 with tumor volume>15%, G4+3 or higher. In the very low risk and low risk groups, we analyzed the rate of CSC according to PI-RADS score and calculated the NPV of mp-MRI for detection of CSC. RESULTS: In the low risk group, 20.8% (n=79) of patients had PI-RADS version 2 score 1–2 and 17.4% (n=66) of patients had PI-RADS version 2 score 3. In the very low risk group, 26.8% (n=38) of patients had PI-RADS version 2 score 1–2 and 17.6% (n=25) of patients had PI-RADS version 2 score 3 in the very low risk group. Rates of CSC were 33.7% (n=128) and 16.9% (n=24) in the low risk and very low risk groups, respectively. The NPV of MRI was 93.7% in the very low risk group and 78.6% in the low risk group. CONCLUSIONS: The NPV of PI-RADS for CSC is high in the very low risk group, but not in the low risk group. Further multicenter studies are needed to investigate the utility of PI-RADS version 2 for NPV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Information Systems , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies
18.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 72-78, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217623

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We compared biopsy results and surgical outcomes of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided biopsy with transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided biopsy to demonstrate efficacy of MRI-guided biopsy on previous biopsy negative patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of 120 patients who were categorized into MRI-guided biopsy groups (n=20) and TRUS-guided biopsy groups (n=100). All patients were diagnosed with prostate cancer (PCa) and had undergone radical prostatectomy (RP) after MRI-guided or TRUS-guided repeat biopsy between January 2010 and March 2016. Detection rate of significant cancer and Gleason score upgrading and downgrading were examined, in addition to biopsy results and subsequent RP outcomes. RESULTS: Median values for prostate-specific antigen level of the TRUS-guided biopsy group and the MRI-guided biopsy group were 6.67 and 5.86 ng/mL (p=0.303), respectively. Median prostate volume of each group (34.1 mL vs. 23.5 mL, p=0.007), number of positive cores (2.0 vs. 3.0, p=0.001) and maximum cancer/core rate (30.0% vs. 60.0%, p<0.001) were statistically different. Positive core rates of each group were 21.9% and 87.1%, respectively. Pathologic T stage was the only variable that showed difference in surgical outcomes (p=0.002). Most of PCa was confirmed as clinically significant PCa after RP in MRI-guided biopsy group (95%). CONCLUSIONS: MRI-guided biopsy showed higher positive core rate and detection rate of clinically significant PCa than TRUS-guided biopsy in repeat biopsy setting. Prospective multicenter large-scale study and accumulation of data is expected to further define superiority of the MRI-guided biopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Grading , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Prospective Studies , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography
19.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 79-84, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217622

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: High Gleason score (8 to 10) is a poor prognostic factor regardless of treatment. Pathological downgrading sometimes occurs in high grade prostate cancer. The aim of this study is to evaluate treatment outcomes in patients with high grade prostate cancer on biopsy who were pathological downgrading after radical prostatectomy (RP). The impact on outcomes according to changes in the Gleason score after RP was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 3,236 men who underwent RP between September 1995 and December 2014, 541 patients with biopsy Gleason score 8 to 10 were retrospectively reviewed. We analyzed incidence and biochemical recurrence (BCR) free probability in this downgraded group according to the Gleason grade of cancer in the RP specimen. RESULTS: Of 541 patients had a prostate biopsy Gleason score of 8 to 10. Two hundred ten patients showed pathological downgrading after RP (38.8%). Five-year BCR-free probability of patients who had Gleason score of 7 or less after RP was 46.8%. However, 5-year BCR-free probability of patients who remained Gleason scores 8 to 10 after RP was 28.5%. There was a significantly higher BCR-free probability in pathological downgrading group (p<0.001). On multivariate analysis, biopsy Gleason 8, lower PSA, clinical T2 stage was a significant predictor of downgrading. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, 38.8% of patients with high grade prostate cancer had a Gleason score of 7 or less in the RP specimen. Downgraded prostate cancer had more favorable treatment outcome. Serum PSA, clinical stage and biopsy Gleason score were the predictive factors for pathological downgrading.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Biopsy , Incidence , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Grading , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 172-177, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90006

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the 5-year oncologic and functional outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RALPN) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) as treatment for localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the records of 181 patients with localized RCC who underwent RALPN (n=97) or LPN (n=84) between 2007 and 2011. Demographic and preoperative data with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), intraoperative data including warm ischemic time (WIT) and complications, oncologic outcomes (recurrence, metastasis), and rate of eGFR preservation at most recent follow-up were examined. RESULTS: WIT was shorter in the RALPN group (27±9.1 minutes) than the LPN group (31±10 minutes, p=0.019). Intraoperative complication rates were also lower in RALPN patients than LPN patients (4.1% vs. 14.3%). The eGFR preservation rate was higher in the RALPN group (84.6%) than in the LPN group (81.5%, p=0.049). Particularly, a relatively high difference in the eGFR preservation rate was observed in the RALPN group compared with the LPN group according to R.E.N.A.L. score 7–10 values (RALPN, 86.5±12.9 vs. LPN, 76.7±16.0; p=0.003). During the follow-up period, there was no local recurrence in either group and distant metastases only occurred in one patient in the RALPN group and in 2 patients in the LPN group. CONCLUSIONS: RALPN and LPN showed similar 5-year oncologic outcomes, but RALPN was superior to LPN in terms of WIT, intraoperative complications, and long-term eGFR preservation rate, especially in complex cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Intraoperative Complications , Neoplasm Metastasis , Nephrectomy , Recurrence , Warm Ischemia
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL