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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902142

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of the study was to examine associations between depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal symptoms, and health-promoting behaviors in Korean Coast Guards who are exposed to a vulnerable working environment. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted with 271 Korean Coast Guards in Gangwon-do. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Korean version of Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depressive Scale-Revised. Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms were measured using the KOSHA (Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency) GUIDE H-9-2012. Health-promoting behaviors were measured using the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II. @*Results@#Of all the Korean Coast Guards, 17.3% represents the risk of clinical depression, and 43.5% reported work-related musculoskeletal symptoms in any body parts. The average score of health-promoting behaviors were 2.4 (range, 1-4 scores). Depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal symptoms were significantly negatively associated with health-promoting behaviors, respectively. Depressive symptoms were significantly negatively associated with the spiritual growth, interpersonal relationship, physical activity, and stress management in subscales of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II. Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms were significantly negatively associated with the physical activity and stress management in subscales of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II. @*Conclusions@#Among Korean Coast Guards, health-promoting behaviors were significantly associated with depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal symptoms. Therefore, nursing strategies to promote health-promoting behaviors may be enhanced psychological health and physical health outcome of Korean Coast Guards.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901737

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) patients have an increased risk of difficult intubation due to anatomical airway abnormalities, and intubation simulation with a three-dimensional (3D) printed airway model before anesthesia may facilitate safe airway management. Case: We describe the case of a 6.5-year-old boy with a history of PRS (a triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction), tracheostomy, and subglottic fibrosis who required general anesthesia. Preparation for this potentially difficult intubation included estimation of endotracheal tube size using a 3D printed airway model derived from 3D computed tomography of the airway, which enabled successful endotracheal intubation via video laryngoscopy. @*Conclusions@# If general anesthesia is necessary in patients with dysmorphic features such as PRS and there is a history of tracheal pathology, the possibility of difficult intubation should always be considered and simulation of endotracheal intubation using a 3D printed model of the airway can be helpful clinically in such situations.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901713

ABSTRACT

Background@#To determine the correct size of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) for endotracheal intubation of pediatric patients, new methods have been investigated. Although the three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has been successful in the field of surgery, there are not many studies in the field of anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a 3D airway model for prediction of the correct ETT size, and compare the results with a conventional age-based formula in pediatric patients. @*Methods@#Thirty-five pediatric patients under six years of age who were scheduled for congenital heart surgery were enrolled. In the pre-anesthetic period, the patient’s computed tomography (CT) images were converted to Standard Triangle Language (STL) files using the 3D conversion program. A Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) type 3D printer was used to print 3D airway models from the sub-glottis to the upper carina. ETT size was selected by inserting various sized cuffed-ETTs to a printed 3D airway model. @*Results@#The 3D method selected the correct ETT size in 21 out of 35 pediatric patients (60%), whereas the age-based formula selected the correct ETT size in 9 patients (26%). @*Conclusions@#Prediction of the correct size of ETTs using a printed 3D airway model demonstrated better results than the age-based formula. This suggests that the selection of ETT size using a printed 3D airway model may be feasible for helping minimize re-intubation attempts and complications in patients with congenital heart disease and/or those with an abnormal range of growth and development.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899607

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare the differences in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome between menopausal women and women of childbearing age and to determine the risk of metabolic syndrome among women in each group depending on whether they eat alone. @*Methods@#Data of 1,813 women from the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016) were used. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0, and complex sample frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, complex sample cross analysis, complex sample general linear regression, and complex sample logistic regression analysis were performed. @*Results@#According to the results of the study, there was no difference in the prevalence and risk of metabolic syndrome according to the presence of companions during meals between women of childbearing age and post-menopausal women, but there was a difference in health behavior. In other words, women of childbearing age who ate alone had a lot of experience of drinking, and menopausal women who ate alone did not tend to make any efforts to control their weight and did not perform aerobic exercise. In particular, the negative health behavior of menopausal women who ate alone increased the risk of prevalence of metabolic syndrome. @*Conclusion@#The findings indicate that, for women who eat alone, interventions to prevent metabolic syndrome should be differentiated before and after menopause. Therefore, it is suggested to offer an educational program to prevent metabolic syndrome in women of childbearing age as well as provide regular assessments to diagnose metabolic syndrome and health behavior improvement programs for menopausal women.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897301

ABSTRACT

Currently, the expanding recreational use of synthetic cannabinoids (SCBs) threatens public health. SCBs produce psychoactive effects similar to those of tetrahydrocannabinol, the main component of cannabis, and additionally induce unexpected pharmacological side effects. SCBs are falsely advertised as legal and safe, but in reality, SCB abuse has been reported to cause acute intoxication and addictive disorders. However, because of the lack of scientific evidence to elucidate their dangerous pharmacological effects, SCBs are weakly regulated and continue to circulate in illegal drug markets. In the present study, the intravenous self-administration (IVSA) paradigm was used to evaluate the abuse potential of three SCBs (AM-1248, CB-13, and PB-22) in rats. All three SCBs maintained IVSA with a large number of infusions and active lever presses, demonstrating their reinforcing effects.The increase of active lever presses was particularly significant during the early IVSA sessions, indicating the reinforcementenhancing effects of the SCBs (AM-1248 and CB-13). The number of inactive lever presses was significantly higher in the SCB groups (AM-1248 and CB-13) than that in the vehicle group, indicating their impulsive effects. In summary, these results demonstrated that SCBs have distinct pharmacological properties and abuse potential.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894438

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of the study was to examine associations between depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal symptoms, and health-promoting behaviors in Korean Coast Guards who are exposed to a vulnerable working environment. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted with 271 Korean Coast Guards in Gangwon-do. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Korean version of Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depressive Scale-Revised. Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms were measured using the KOSHA (Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency) GUIDE H-9-2012. Health-promoting behaviors were measured using the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II. @*Results@#Of all the Korean Coast Guards, 17.3% represents the risk of clinical depression, and 43.5% reported work-related musculoskeletal symptoms in any body parts. The average score of health-promoting behaviors were 2.4 (range, 1-4 scores). Depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal symptoms were significantly negatively associated with health-promoting behaviors, respectively. Depressive symptoms were significantly negatively associated with the spiritual growth, interpersonal relationship, physical activity, and stress management in subscales of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II. Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms were significantly negatively associated with the physical activity and stress management in subscales of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II. @*Conclusions@#Among Korean Coast Guards, health-promoting behaviors were significantly associated with depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal symptoms. Therefore, nursing strategies to promote health-promoting behaviors may be enhanced psychological health and physical health outcome of Korean Coast Guards.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894033

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) patients have an increased risk of difficult intubation due to anatomical airway abnormalities, and intubation simulation with a three-dimensional (3D) printed airway model before anesthesia may facilitate safe airway management. Case: We describe the case of a 6.5-year-old boy with a history of PRS (a triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction), tracheostomy, and subglottic fibrosis who required general anesthesia. Preparation for this potentially difficult intubation included estimation of endotracheal tube size using a 3D printed airway model derived from 3D computed tomography of the airway, which enabled successful endotracheal intubation via video laryngoscopy. @*Conclusions@# If general anesthesia is necessary in patients with dysmorphic features such as PRS and there is a history of tracheal pathology, the possibility of difficult intubation should always be considered and simulation of endotracheal intubation using a 3D printed model of the airway can be helpful clinically in such situations.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894009

ABSTRACT

Background@#To determine the correct size of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) for endotracheal intubation of pediatric patients, new methods have been investigated. Although the three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has been successful in the field of surgery, there are not many studies in the field of anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a 3D airway model for prediction of the correct ETT size, and compare the results with a conventional age-based formula in pediatric patients. @*Methods@#Thirty-five pediatric patients under six years of age who were scheduled for congenital heart surgery were enrolled. In the pre-anesthetic period, the patient’s computed tomography (CT) images were converted to Standard Triangle Language (STL) files using the 3D conversion program. A Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) type 3D printer was used to print 3D airway models from the sub-glottis to the upper carina. ETT size was selected by inserting various sized cuffed-ETTs to a printed 3D airway model. @*Results@#The 3D method selected the correct ETT size in 21 out of 35 pediatric patients (60%), whereas the age-based formula selected the correct ETT size in 9 patients (26%). @*Conclusions@#Prediction of the correct size of ETTs using a printed 3D airway model demonstrated better results than the age-based formula. This suggests that the selection of ETT size using a printed 3D airway model may be feasible for helping minimize re-intubation attempts and complications in patients with congenital heart disease and/or those with an abnormal range of growth and development.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891903

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare the differences in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome between menopausal women and women of childbearing age and to determine the risk of metabolic syndrome among women in each group depending on whether they eat alone. @*Methods@#Data of 1,813 women from the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016) were used. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0, and complex sample frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, complex sample cross analysis, complex sample general linear regression, and complex sample logistic regression analysis were performed. @*Results@#According to the results of the study, there was no difference in the prevalence and risk of metabolic syndrome according to the presence of companions during meals between women of childbearing age and post-menopausal women, but there was a difference in health behavior. In other words, women of childbearing age who ate alone had a lot of experience of drinking, and menopausal women who ate alone did not tend to make any efforts to control their weight and did not perform aerobic exercise. In particular, the negative health behavior of menopausal women who ate alone increased the risk of prevalence of metabolic syndrome. @*Conclusion@#The findings indicate that, for women who eat alone, interventions to prevent metabolic syndrome should be differentiated before and after menopause. Therefore, it is suggested to offer an educational program to prevent metabolic syndrome in women of childbearing age as well as provide regular assessments to diagnose metabolic syndrome and health behavior improvement programs for menopausal women.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889597

ABSTRACT

Currently, the expanding recreational use of synthetic cannabinoids (SCBs) threatens public health. SCBs produce psychoactive effects similar to those of tetrahydrocannabinol, the main component of cannabis, and additionally induce unexpected pharmacological side effects. SCBs are falsely advertised as legal and safe, but in reality, SCB abuse has been reported to cause acute intoxication and addictive disorders. However, because of the lack of scientific evidence to elucidate their dangerous pharmacological effects, SCBs are weakly regulated and continue to circulate in illegal drug markets. In the present study, the intravenous self-administration (IVSA) paradigm was used to evaluate the abuse potential of three SCBs (AM-1248, CB-13, and PB-22) in rats. All three SCBs maintained IVSA with a large number of infusions and active lever presses, demonstrating their reinforcing effects.The increase of active lever presses was particularly significant during the early IVSA sessions, indicating the reinforcementenhancing effects of the SCBs (AM-1248 and CB-13). The number of inactive lever presses was significantly higher in the SCB groups (AM-1248 and CB-13) than that in the vehicle group, indicating their impulsive effects. In summary, these results demonstrated that SCBs have distinct pharmacological properties and abuse potential.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920304

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the prevalence of fatigue and its associated factors leading to the fatigue among Korean commercial airline pilots. @*Methods@#An anonymous, web-based questionnaire collecting data on sleep related characteristics was completed by airline pilots. The final 1,029 samples of completed questionnaires were analyzed. The association of the risk factors with fatigue was determined using logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#The prevalence of fatigue was 60% (Fatigue Severity Scale index≥3.2), disturbed sleep 28% (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index≥9), daytime sleepiness 17% (Epworth Sleepiness Scale≥10), and sleep apnea (Berlin Questionnaire≥2) 11%. Thefully adjusted logistic regression showed that quality of life (odds ratio [OR]=0.16, confidence interval [CI]=0.11–0.24), daytime sleepiness (OR=1.26, CI=1.18–1.34), sleep quality (OR=1.44, CI=1.29–1.61), mental workload (OR=1.10, CI=1.05–1.14),vigorous physical activity (OR=0.82, CI=0.72–0.92), late starts (OR=1.25, CI=1.06–1.46) and average weekly flying hours (OR=1.02, CI=1.00–1.03) were associated with higher levels of fatigue. @*Conclusion@#Lower quality of life, disturbed sleep, more subjective sleepiness, shorter sleep duration, higher mental workload, less vigorous physical activity, frequent late starts, and longer flying hour were shown to be risk factors for fatigue in airline pilots.These findings should be taken into account in the development of sleep and fatigue countermeasures for airline pilots.

12.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 240-244, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918582

ABSTRACT

Aegle marmelos (Rutaceae) is a deciduous shrub or tree and typically known as bael throughout Southeast Asia and has been used as a medicinal plant and a food ingredient. In this study eight compounds were determined to be O-(3,3-dimethylallyl) halfordinol (1), (R)-aegeline (2), (R)-marmeline (3), imperatorin (4), xanthotoxol (5), valencic acid (6), vanillic acid (7) and rutin (8). The chemical structures of the isolates were elucidated through spectroscopic evidence including 1D, 2D NMR, ESI-Q-TOF-MS and optical rotation.

13.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 122-127, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913882

ABSTRACT

C1q nephropathy is a rare glomerulopathy that typically presents with nephrotic syndrome in children. Treatment with immunosuppressive agents renders patients vulnerable to infection and its complications. Gastroenteritis is common in children, and rotavirus is a leading cause. Extraintestinal manifestations of rotavirus have recently been reported; however, there is a paucity of cases exploring the involvement of a rotavirus on the respiratory system. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a rapid onset respiratory failure characterized by noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and hypoxemia. Causes of ARDS include sepsis, pneumonia, pancreatitis, aspiration, and trauma. In this paper, we report a case of ARDS after rotavirus infection in a child with C1q nephropathy who had been treated with immunosuppressive agents.

14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875105

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was conducted to develop a behavior program for reducing exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), thereby to improve perceived benefits and self-efficacy as well as reduce the perceived barriers and prevalence of dysmenorrhea in unmarried women. @*Methods@#The study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Participants were randomly assigned to an experiment (n=18) or control group (n=18). The behavior program for reducing exposure to EDCs was developed based on Pender's health promotion model and previous research results. The program was conducted for 12 weeks, consisting of 4 weeks of face-to-face intervention and 8 weeks of mobile intervention. @*Results@#The behavior program we developed was verified as an effective intervention that could improve the perceived benefits and self-efficacy of reducing one's exposure to EDCs. It also decreases the perceived barriers and prevalence of dysmenorrhea in unmarried women. @*Conclusion@#Our results showed that the program was an effective nursing intervention in unmarried women. Therefore, this behavior program for reducing exposure to EDCs can be applied in the context of unmarried women.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874684

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 gene (GDAP1) are known to cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). These mutations are very rare in most countries, but not in certain Mediterranean countries. The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical and neuroimaging characteristics of Korean CMT patients with GDAP1 mutations. @*Methods@#Gene sequencing was applied to 1,143 families in whom CMT had been diagnosed from 2005 to 2020. PMP22 duplication was found in 344 families, and whole-exome sequencing was performed in 699 patients. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were obtained using either a 1.5-T or 3.0-T MRI system. @*Results@#We found ten patients from eight families with GDAP1 mutations: five with autosomal dominant (AD) CMT type 2K (three families with p.R120W and two families with p.Q218E) and three with autosomal recessive (AR) intermediate CMT type A (two families with homozygous p.H256R and one family with p.P111H and p.V219G mutations). The frequency was about 1.0% exclusive of the PMP22 duplication, which is similar to that in other Asian countries. There were clinical differences among AD GDAP1 patients according to mutation sites. Surprisingly, fat infiltrations evident in lower-limb MRI differed between AD and AR patients. The posterior-compartment muscles in the calf were affected early and predominantly in AD patients, whereas AR patients showed fat infiltration predominantly in the anterolateral-compartment muscles. @*Conclusions@#This is the first cohort report on Korean patients with GDAP1 mutations. The patients with AD and AR inheritance routes exhibited different clinical and neuroimaging features in the lower extremities. We believe that these results will help to expand the knowledge of the clinical, genetic, and neuroimaging features of CMT.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874058

ABSTRACT

Background@#Despite significant technological advances in the implantable pulse generator (IPG), complications can still occur. We report a case that unexpected extrusion of the IPG of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) was promptly identified and successfully removed without any complications. Case: After a car accident 4 years ago, a 55-year-old man who was diagnosed with complex local pain syndrome in his right leg. The SCS was inserted with 2 leads, with the IPG being implanted in the right lower abdomen region. Four years later, he developed extrusion of the IPG from his abdominal region. This unexpected extrusion may have been related to pressure necrosis caused by continued compression of pocket site where a belt was frequently tied. The IPG and the leads were successfully removed without infection occurring. @*Conclusions@#To prevent unexpected extrusion of IPG, it is necessary to consider in advance whether the pocket site is pressed against the belt.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902641

ABSTRACT

Aerobic exercise is well known to have a positive impact on body composition, muscle strength, and oxidative capacity. In animal model, both treadmill and wheel running exercise modalities have become more popular, in order to study physiological adaptation associated with aerobic exercise. However, few studies have compared physiological adaptations in response to either treadmill exercise (TE), or voluntary wheel running exercise (WE). We therefore compared each exercise intervention on body composition and oxidative markers in male C57BL/6 N mice. The total distance run was remarkably higher in the WE group than in the TE group. Both forms of exercise resulted in the reduction of body weight, fat mass, and adipocyte size. However, the average for grip strength of WE was higher than for control and TE. Interestingly, PGC-1α expression was increased in the gastrocnemius (glycolytic-oxidative) and soleus (oxidative) muscle of TE group, whereas WE showed a significant effect on PGC-1α expression only in the soleus muscle. However, muscle fiber type composition was not shifted remarkably in either type of exercise. These results suggest that TE and WE may exert beneficial effects in suppressing metabolic risks in mouse model through attenuating body weight, fat mass, size, and increase in mitochondria biogenesis marker, PGC-1α.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901153

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study examined factors associated with the hospitalization of patients who visited the emergency department (ED) after deliberate self-poisoning. @*Methods@#The medical records of the patients, who visited the ED at a tertiary teaching hospital after deliberate self-poisoning between March 2017 and December 2019, were reviewed retrospectively. @*Results@#Fifty-seven in the hospitalization and 236 in the discharge group patients were included. The mean age in the hospitalization and discharge group was 48.8±20.4 and 41.8±19.1, respectively (p=0.020). Univariate analysis revealed statistically significant differences in age (p=0.020), mental status (p<0.001), request for help (p=0.046), chronic disease (p=0.036), substance ingested (p<0.001), and risk rescue-rating scale (p<0.001) between the two groups (hospitalization group and discharge group). In multiple logistic regression analysis for predicting the hospitalization of patients after deliberate self-poisoning, the Risk-Rescue Rating Scale (RRRS) was identified (OR=1.493, 95% confidential interval=1.330-1.675, p<0.001). Receiver operating characteristics analysis of RRRS for the decision to hospitalize showed a cut-off value of 38.9, with a sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve of 96.4%, 77.0%, and 0.949, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The RRRS can be used to determine the hospitalization for patients who visited the ED after deliberate self-poisoning. Nevertheless, multicenter prospective studies will be needed to determine the generalisability of these results.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897828

ABSTRACT

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma comprises 2.1% of the total number of cancers in South Korea. Among those, diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) comprises the largest percentage. Nutrition interventions have been highlighted because nutritional status in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients has a significant impact on treatment and prognosis, but relevant studies are inadequate. Therefore, the aim of this study was to share the case of a nutrition intervention for a patient with primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin lymphoma underlying chronic kidney disease who was comorbid with tumor lysis syndrome, which was a complication of a specific chemotherapy. The subject is a 76-year-old patient who was diagnosed with DLBCL. He had abdominal pain, constipation, and anorexia. After chemotherapy, he experienced the tumor lysis syndrome. The patient's condition was continuously monitored, and various nutrition interventions, such as nutrition counseling and education, provision of therapeutic diet, oral nutritional supplement, change of meal plans, and parenteral nutrition support were attempted. As a result of the nutrition intervention, oral intake was increased from 27% of the energy requirement to 70% and from 23% of the protein requirement to 77%. Despite the various nutrition interventions during the hospitalization, there were no improvements in weight and nutrition-related biochemical parameters or malnutrition. However, it was meaningful in that the patient was managed to prevent worsening and the planned third chemotherapy could be performed. These results can be used as the basis for establishing guidelines for nutritional interventions customized to patients under the same conditions.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894937

ABSTRACT

Aerobic exercise is well known to have a positive impact on body composition, muscle strength, and oxidative capacity. In animal model, both treadmill and wheel running exercise modalities have become more popular, in order to study physiological adaptation associated with aerobic exercise. However, few studies have compared physiological adaptations in response to either treadmill exercise (TE), or voluntary wheel running exercise (WE). We therefore compared each exercise intervention on body composition and oxidative markers in male C57BL/6 N mice. The total distance run was remarkably higher in the WE group than in the TE group. Both forms of exercise resulted in the reduction of body weight, fat mass, and adipocyte size. However, the average for grip strength of WE was higher than for control and TE. Interestingly, PGC-1α expression was increased in the gastrocnemius (glycolytic-oxidative) and soleus (oxidative) muscle of TE group, whereas WE showed a significant effect on PGC-1α expression only in the soleus muscle. However, muscle fiber type composition was not shifted remarkably in either type of exercise. These results suggest that TE and WE may exert beneficial effects in suppressing metabolic risks in mouse model through attenuating body weight, fat mass, size, and increase in mitochondria biogenesis marker, PGC-1α.

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