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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925880

ABSTRACT

Background@#Human breast milk is essential and provides irreplaceable nutrients for early humans. However, breastfeeding is not easy for various reasons in medical institution environments. Therefore, in order to improve the breastfeeding environment, we investigated the difficult reality of breastfeeding through questionnaire responses from medical institution workers. @*Methods@#A survey was conducted among 179 medical institution workers with experience in childbirth within the last five years. The survey results of 175 people were analyzed, with incoherent answers excluded. @*Results@#Of the 175 people surveyed, a total of 108 people (61.7%) worked during the day, and 33 people (18.9%) worked in three shifts. Among 133 mothers who stayed with their babies in the same nursing room, 111 (93.3%) kept breastfeeding for more than a month, but among those who stayed apart, only 10 (71.4%) continued breastfeeding for more than a month (P = 0.024). Ninety-five (88.0%) of daytime workers, 32 (94.1%) two-shift workers, and 33 (100%) three-shift workers continued breastfeeding for more than a month (P = 0.026). Workers in general hospitals tended to breastfeed for significantly longer than those that worked in tertiary hospitals (P = 0.003). A difference was also noted between occupation categories (P = 0.019), but a more significant difference was found in the comparison between nurses and doctors (P = 0.012). Longer breastfeeding periods were noted when mothers worked three shifts (P = 0.037). Depending on the period planned for breastfeeding prior to childbirth, the actual breastfeeding maintenance period after birth showed a significant difference (P = 0.002). Of 112 mothers who responded to the question regarding difficulties in breastfeeding after returning to work, 87 (77.7%) mentioned a lack of time caused by being busy at work, 82 (73.2%) mentioned the need for places and appropriate circumstances. @*Conclusion@#In medical institutions, it is recommended that environmental improvements in medical institutions, the implementation of supporting policies, and the provision of specialized education on breastfeeding are necessary to promote breastfeeding.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896054

ABSTRACT

Three-dimensional surgical accuracy between virtually planned and actual surgical movements of the maxilla in two-jaw orthognathic surgery.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874681

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose Identifying changes in the prevalence, disability, and management patterns of migraine is important for reducing the burden of this disease. However, data on the changes in these variables are scarce. @*Methods@#We compared data obtained in the 2009 Korean Headache Survey and the 2018 Korean Sleep-Headache Survey. @*Results@#The 1-year migraine prevalence did not differ significantly between 2018 and 2009 [5.2% (114/2,200) vs. 6.0% (91/1,507), p=0.492]. The number of days with missed activity due to headache during the previous 3 months was larger in the 2018 survey than in the 2009 survey [1.1±2.9 vs. 0.3±1.0 days (mean±standard deviation), p=0.013]. The number of days with reduced productivity during the previous 3 months did not differ significantly between the two surveys (0.8±2.8 vs. 1.4±1.4 days, p=0.679). The proportion of subjects with a substantialto-severe headache impact (Headache Impact Test-6 score ≥56) was marginally larger in the 2018 survey than in the 2009 survey [42.1% (48/114) vs. 29.7% (27/91), p=0.066]. The rate of lifetime medical consultations did not differ between the 2018 and 2009 surveys [34.2% (39/ 114) vs. 30.8% (28/91), p=0.615]. @*Conclusions@#Migraine prevalence was stable over the 9-year period between the surveys, but disability due to missed activity was greater in 2018 than in 2009 in Korea.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874521

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to investigate the recent prevalence, management, and comorbidities of diabetes among Korean adults aged ≥30 years by analyzing nationally representative data. @*Methods@#This study used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2016 to 2018, and the percentage and total number of people ≥30 years of age with diabetes and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) were estimated. @*Results@#In 2018, 13.8% of Korean adults aged ≥30 years had diabetes, and adults aged ≥65 years showed a prevalence rate of 28%. The prevalence of IFG was 26.9% in adults aged ≥30 years. From 2016 to 2018, 35% of the subjects with diabetes were not aware of their condition. Regarding comorbidities, 53.2% and 61.3% were obese and hypertensive, respectively, and 72% had hypercholesterolemia as defined by low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥100 mg/dL in people with diabetes. Of the subjects with diabetes, 43.7% had both hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. With regard to glycemic control, only 28.3% reached the target level of <6.5%. Moreover, only 11.5% of subjects with diabetes met all three targets of glycosylated hemoglobin, blood pressure, and LDL-C. The percentage of energy intake from carbohydrates was higher in diabetes patients than in those without diabetes, while that from protein and fat was lower in subjects with diabetes. @*Conclusion@#The high prevalence and low control rate of diabetes and its comorbidities in Korean adults were confirmed. More stringent efforts are needed to improve the comprehensive management of diabetes to reduce diabetes-related morbidity and mortality.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915709

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate whether the number of parity is associated with the prevalence of sarcopenia in postmenopausal women. @*Methods@#This study was performed using data from the 2010-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey that included 1,338 postmenopausal women aged 46-70 years. The prevalence of sarcopenia was analyzed according to the number of births. Modifiable risk factors were evaluated to determine the association of parity with sarcopenia in susceptible population. @*Results@#The sarcopenia group (n=343) had lower number of parity, lower body mass index, more frequent previous history of diabetes mellitus, higher Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and higher education level than the non-sarcopenia group (n=995). The sarcopenia risk was significantly lower in postmenopausal women with a higher number of parity (≥3 births) (model 1: odds ratio [OR]=0.308; 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.115–0.827, p=0.0194; model 2: OR=0.269; 95% CI=0.109–0.66, p=0.0042; model 3: OR=0.640; 95% CI=0.428–0.957, p=0.0295; model 4: OR=0.636; 95% CI=0.413–0.980, p=0.0403). In subgroup analysis of the lower parity group, moderate aerobic activity was associated with a lower sarcopenia prevalence (OR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.317–0.852; p=0.0095). @*Conclusion@#A lower number of parity increases the risk of sarcopenia in postmenopausal Korean women. Moderate aerobic activity may be effective in preventing sarcopenia in postmenopausal women with lower parity who are more susceptible to sarcopenia.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903758

ABSTRACT

Three-dimensional surgical accuracy between virtually planned and actual surgical movements of the maxilla in two-jaw orthognathic surgery.

7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835195

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the three-dimensional (3D) surgical accuracy between virtually planned and actual surgical movements (SM) of the maxilla in twojaw orthognathic surgery. @*Methods@#The sample consisted of 15 skeletal Class III patients who underwent two-jaw orthognathic surgery performed by a single surgeon using a virtual surgical simulation (VSS) software. The 3D cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were obtained before (T0) and after surgery (T1). After merging the dental cast image onto the T0 CBCT image, VSS was performed. SM were classified into midline correction (anterior and posterior), advancement, setback, anterior elongation, and impaction (total and posterior). The landmarks were the midpoint between the central incisors, the mesiobuccal cusp tip (MBCT) of both first molars, and the midpoint of the two MBCTs. The amount and direction of SM by VSS and actual surgery were measured using 3D coordinates of the landmarks. Discrepancies less than 1 mm between VSS and T1 landmarks indicated a precise outcome. The surgical achievement percentage (SAP, [amount of movement in actual surgery/ amount of movement in VSS] × 100) (%) and precision percentage (PP, [number of patients with precise outcomeumber of total patients] × 100) (%) were compared among SM types using Fisher’s exact and Kruskal–Wallis tests. @*Results@#Overall mean discrepancy between VSS and actual surgery, SAP, and PP were 0.13 mm, 89.9%, and 68.3%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the SAP and PP values among the seven SM types (all p > 0.05). @*Conclusions@#VSS could be considered as an effective tool for increasing surgical accuracy.

8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1167-1180, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917254

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Hypertension is becoming one of the most common health conditions in children and adolescents due to increasing childhood obesity. We aimed to provide the auscultatory blood pressure (BP) normative reference values for Korean non-overweight children and adolescents.@*METHODS@#BP measurements in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were performed in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 1998 to 2016. BP was measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer. Sex-, age- and height-specific systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) percentiles were calculated in the non-overweight children (n=10,442). We used the General Additive Model for Location Scale and Shape method to calculate BP percentiles.@*RESULTS@#The 50th, 90th, 95th, and 99th percentiles of SBP and DBP tables and graphs of non-overweight children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were presented by age and height percentiles. We found that the SBP and DBP at the 95th percentile were well correlated with height. The BP tables presented by height contained BP values from 124 cm to 190 cm for boys and from 120 cm to 178 cm for girls. Boys had higher SBP and DBP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We provided the sex-, age- and height-specific auscultatory BP values using the KNHANES big data. These may be useful in diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in Korean children and adolescents.

9.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1167-1180, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759422

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is becoming one of the most common health conditions in children and adolescents due to increasing childhood obesity. We aimed to provide the auscultatory blood pressure (BP) normative reference values for Korean non-overweight children and adolescents. METHODS: BP measurements in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were performed in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 1998 to 2016. BP was measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer. Sex-, age- and height-specific systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) percentiles were calculated in the non-overweight children (n=10,442). We used the General Additive Model for Location Scale and Shape method to calculate BP percentiles. RESULTS: The 50th, 90th, 95th, and 99th percentiles of SBP and DBP tables and graphs of non-overweight children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were presented by age and height percentiles. We found that the SBP and DBP at the 95th percentile were well correlated with height. The BP tables presented by height contained BP values from 124 cm to 190 cm for boys and from 120 cm to 178 cm for girls. Boys had higher SBP and DBP. CONCLUSIONS: We provided the sex-, age- and height-specific auscultatory BP values using the KNHANES big data. These may be useful in diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in Korean children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Auscultation , Blood Pressure , Child , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Methods , Nutrition Surveys , Pediatric Obesity , Reference Values , Sphygmomanometers
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758568

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to clarify the relevance of breastfeeding and its preventive effect on maternal hypertension as well as to evaluate the theoretical mechanism behind of it through systematic evaluation of existing articles. METHODS: For systematic evaluation of literatures in recent 5 years, 5 most suitable articles were selected with the key words, (breastfeeding or breastfeed or lactation) AND (hypertension or high blood pressure or hypertensive disorders) from PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochran Library, and carefully reviewed by 2 researchers. RESULTS: Breastfeeding women have less frequently developed hypertension in their later life. Depending on the duration of breastfeeding, compared to nonbreastfeeding women, breastfeeding women's odds ratio for developing hypertension are 0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76–0.99), 0.83 (95% CI, 0.68–1.00), and 0.79 (95% CI, 0.65–0.97) each for 0–6 months, 6–12 months, and greater than 12 months of breastfeeding. As the number of breastfeeding children increases, the incidence of maternal hypertension decreases. In addition, both partial and exclusive breastfeeding lower the risk of developing maternal hypertension. Though the mechanism of prophylactic effect of breastfeeding on hypertension is not conclusive, reset hypothesis, oxytocin release, the increase of ghrelin and protein peptide YY, as well as epigenetic programming are considered to be relevant to the etiology of the condition. CONCLUSION: Breastfeeding prevents maternal hypertension later in life. Studies show dose-response relationship of breastfeeding as the duration matters. In addition, both partial and exclusive breastfeeding have preventive effect on maternal hypertension. Numerous mechanisms are continuously being reported and further studies are needed for clarification.


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , Child , Epigenomics , Female , Ghrelin , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Odds Ratio , Oxytocin , Peptide YY
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766097

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic effect of patient compliance with supportive periodontal treatment (PC-SPT). Chronic periodontitis patients were classified based on their compliance level, and factors affecting PC-SPT and the prognosis of PC-SPT were investigated. METHODS: This study selected 206 patients who started SPT after receiving periodontal treatment between 2010 and 2012. Patients who continued SPT through February 2016 were included. The patients were classified according to whether they exhibited complete compliance (100% of visits), excellent compliance (≥70% of visits), incomplete compliance (<70% of visits), or non-compliance (only 2 visits). Patient characteristics that could affect PC-SPT, such as age, sex, distance of the clinic from their residence, implantation, and periodontal treatment, were investigated. The number of newly decayed and extracted teeth, alveolar bone level changes around the teeth and implants, and implant removal were examined to evaluate the prognosis of PC-SPT. RESULTS: Sex and the presence of an implant significantly affected PC-SPT. Additionally, the number of newly decayed and extracted teeth and changes in alveolar bone levels around the teeth and implants were significant prognostic factors related to PC-SPT. CONCLUSIONS: PC-SPT in chronic periodontitis patients will help maintain periodontal health and prevent further periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Chronic Periodontitis , Compliance , Humans , Patient Compliance , Periodontal Diseases , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tooth
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761646

ABSTRACT

After discussion about the need to develop an obesity educator training program and certification for obesity educators, the Education Committee of the Korean Society for the Study of Obesity has developed and determined the main theme for the Obesity Educator Training Program implemented as a workshop and public hearing. We reviewed the process of the determination of the main theme and discuss topics such as subjects, operation of the program, and certification processing to design a credible obesity educator training program.


Subject(s)
Certification , Education , Hearing , Obesity
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-125867

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In recent days, the prevalence of childhood metabolic syndrome (MS) has increased substantially due to the increasing rate of childhood obesity on a global scale. The aims of this study were to detect the important parameters and provide the screening system to prevent cardiovascular disease in adolescents with MS. METHODS: Ninety one male adolescents were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of MS. Anthropometric measurement and laboratory study were studied. Intimal medial thickness and pulse wave velocity were estimated. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI), ejection fraction, myocardial velocity, strain and strain rate were measured by tissue Doppler imaging and strain rate imaging. RESULTS: The prevalence of MS was 7.7%. Weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, triglyceride and LVMI were significantly increased in the MS group. High density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), peak early diastolic myocardial velocity (e'), systolic myocardial velocity (s') and global longitudinal strain were significantly lower in the MS group. In univariant analysis, LVMI was significantly correlated with BMI, WC, fat %, fat mass, systolic blood pressure, alanine aminotransferase, total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol. e' was significantly correlated with BMI, fat %, fat mass, and HDL-C. Global circumferential strain had significant correlation with glucose and TC. Basal anterolateral strain rate was significantly correlated with weight, BMI, WC, fat %, and fat mass. CONCLUSION: LVMI, strain and strain rate are practical and accurate parameters for assessment of left ventricular function in adolescents with MS.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Alanine Transaminase , Blood Pressure , Body Weight , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Glucose , Homeostasis , Humans , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Mass Screening , Pediatric Obesity , Prevalence , Pulse Wave Analysis , Triglycerides , Ventricular Function, Left , Waist Circumference
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161259

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in atherosclerosis, and therefore, are considered risk factors for metabolic dysfunction in adults. However, there is little data on circulating levels of MMPs and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) with regard to obesity-related biomarkers in the general adolescent population. In the present study, we determined the associations of MMP-8, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 levels and MMP-8/TIMP-1 and MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratios with obesity-related biomarkers in apparently healthy adolescent boys. METHODS: We measured MMP and TIMP concentrations in plasma samples using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and analyzed their associations with obesity-related biomarkers, such as liver enzymes and lipid profiles, in a sample of 91 Korean boys aged 13-14 years who participated in a general health check-up. RESULTS: The mean age of the boys was 13.8+/-0.3 years; 72 boys were normal weight and 19 were overweight/obese. The Pearson correlation coefficients revealed a significant correlation between MMP-8 and aspartate aminotransferase (r=0.217, P=0.039) and alanine aminotransferase (r=0.250, P=0.017) and between TIMP-1 and aspartate aminotransferase (r=0.267, P=0.011). In a multivariate linear regression analysis, serum alanine aminotransferase was positively associated with the MMP-8 level. There were no significant differences in the MMP-8, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 levels or MMP-8/TIMP-1 and MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratios between control and overweight/obese subjects. CONCLUSION: We found a significant association between the MMP-8 level and alanine aminotransferase in the apparently healthy adolescent boys. These findings indicate that there may be a pathophysiological mechanism underlying the relationship between MMP-8 and liver enzymes in young adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Atherosclerosis , Biomarkers , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Linear Models , Liver , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Overweight , Plasma , Risk Factors , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126659

ABSTRACT

The dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity and its accompanying comorbidities are major health concerns in Korea. Obesity is defined as a body mass index > or =25 kg/m2 in Korea. Current estimates are that 32.8% of adults are obese: 36.1% of men and 29.7% of women. The prevalence of being overweight and obese in national surveys is increasing steadily. Early detection and the proper management of obesity are urgently needed. Weight loss of 5% to 10% is the standard goal. In obese patients, control of cardiovascular risk factors deserves the same emphasis as weight-loss therapy. Since obesity is multifactorial, proper care of obesity requires a coordinated multidisciplinary treatment team, as a single intervention is unlikely to modify the incidence or natural history of obesity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Mass Index , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Natural History , Obesity , Overweight , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Weight Loss
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-73668

ABSTRACT

Recent trends place an emphasis on school health care, the ultimate goal of which is to protect, maintain, and promote students' health. School health care is a program that integrates health care services, health education, health counseling, and local social health services. The student health examination (SHE) system is a part of school health care and schools and communities must be available to provide professional health services. Pediatricians also have important roles as experts in both school health care and the SHE system. In this article, the history of school health care, its legal basis, and the current status of the SHE system in Korea are reviewed. Furthermore, sample surveys from the past few years are reviewed. Through this holistic approach, future directions are proposed for the improvement of SHE and school health care.


Subject(s)
Counseling , Delivery of Health Care , Health Education , Health Services , Humans , Hypogonadism , Korea , Mitochondrial Diseases , Ophthalmoplegia , School Health Services
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114879

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D is an essential component of bone and mineral metabolism; its deficiency causes growth retardation and skeletal deformities in children and osteomalacia and osteoporosis in adults. Hypovitaminosis D (vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency) is observed not only in adults but also in infants, children, and adolescents. Previous studies suggest that sufficient serum vitamin D levels should be maintained in order to enhance normal calcification of the growth plate and bone mineralization. Moreover, emerging evidence supports an association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels and immune function, respiratory diseases, obesity, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, infection, allergy, cancers, and cardiovascular diseases in pediatric and adolescent populations. The risk factors for vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency in the pediatric population are season (winter), insufficient time spent outdoors, ethnicity (non-white), older age, more advanced stage of puberty, obesity, low milk consumption, low socioeconomic status, and female gender. It is recommended that all infants, children, and adolescents have a minimum daily intake of 400 IU (10 microg) of vitamin D. Since the vitamin D status of the newborn is highly related to maternal vitamin D levels, optimal vitamin D levels in the mother during pregnancy should be maintained. In conclusion, given the important role of vitamin D in childhood health, more time spent in outdoor activity (for sunlight exposure) and vitamin D supplementation may be necessary for optimal health in infants, children, and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Calcification, Physiologic , Cardiovascular Diseases , Child , Congenital Abnormalities , Female , Growth Plate , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Insulin Resistance , Milk , Mothers , Obesity , Osteomalacia , Osteoporosis , Pregnancy , Puberty , Risk Factors , Seasons , Social Class , Sunlight , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48586

ABSTRACT

Cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis are uncommon pediatric diseases, although clinicians have seen them with increasing frequency in children in recent years. Moreover, no case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection with cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis has been previously reported in the English literature. We report a pediatric patient with EBV infection, a gall bladder stone, and a common bile duct stone, may have had GB and CBD stones prior to her EBV infection, whom we successfully treated with antibiotics and laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholecystitis.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Child , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis , Choledocholithiasis , Cholelithiasis , Common Bile Duct , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder Calculi
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139022

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To validate the Dinamap ProCare 200 blood pressure (BP) monitor against a mercury sphygmomanometer in children 7 to 18 years old in accordance with the 2010 International Protocol of European Society of Hypertension (ESH-IP2) and the British Hypertension Society (BHS) protocol. METHODS: Forty-five children were recruited for the study. A validation procedure was performed following the protocol based on the ESH-IP2 and BHS protocols for children and adolescents. Each subject underwent 7 sequential BP measurements alternatively with a mercury sphygmomanometer and the test device by trained nurses. The results were analyzed according to the validation criteria of ESH-IP2. RESULTS: The mean (+/-SD) difference in the absolute BP values between test device and mercury sphygmomanometer readings was 1.85+/-1.65 mmHg for systolic BP (SBP) and 4.41+/-3.53 mmHg for diastolic BP (DBP). These results fulfilled the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation criterion of a mean+/-SD below 5+/-8 mmHg for both SBP and DBP. The percentages of test device-observer mercury sphygmomanometer BP differences within 5, 10, and 15 mmHg were 96%, 100%, and 100% for SBP, and 69%, 92%, and 100% for DBP, respectively, in the part 1 analysis; both SBP and DBP passed the part 1 criteria. In the part 2 analysis, SBP passed the criteria but DBP failed. CONCLUSION: Although the Dinamap ProCare 200 BP monitor failed an adapted ESH-IP2, SBP passed. When comparing BP readings measured by oscillometers and mercury sphygmomanometers, one has to consider the differences between them, particularly in DBP, because DBP can be underestimated.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arm , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitors , Child , Humans , Hypertension , Organothiophosphorus Compounds , Reading , Sphygmomanometers
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139019

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To validate the Dinamap ProCare 200 blood pressure (BP) monitor against a mercury sphygmomanometer in children 7 to 18 years old in accordance with the 2010 International Protocol of European Society of Hypertension (ESH-IP2) and the British Hypertension Society (BHS) protocol. METHODS: Forty-five children were recruited for the study. A validation procedure was performed following the protocol based on the ESH-IP2 and BHS protocols for children and adolescents. Each subject underwent 7 sequential BP measurements alternatively with a mercury sphygmomanometer and the test device by trained nurses. The results were analyzed according to the validation criteria of ESH-IP2. RESULTS: The mean (+/-SD) difference in the absolute BP values between test device and mercury sphygmomanometer readings was 1.85+/-1.65 mmHg for systolic BP (SBP) and 4.41+/-3.53 mmHg for diastolic BP (DBP). These results fulfilled the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation criterion of a mean+/-SD below 5+/-8 mmHg for both SBP and DBP. The percentages of test device-observer mercury sphygmomanometer BP differences within 5, 10, and 15 mmHg were 96%, 100%, and 100% for SBP, and 69%, 92%, and 100% for DBP, respectively, in the part 1 analysis; both SBP and DBP passed the part 1 criteria. In the part 2 analysis, SBP passed the criteria but DBP failed. CONCLUSION: Although the Dinamap ProCare 200 BP monitor failed an adapted ESH-IP2, SBP passed. When comparing BP readings measured by oscillometers and mercury sphygmomanometers, one has to consider the differences between them, particularly in DBP, because DBP can be underestimated.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arm , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitors , Child , Humans , Hypertension , Organothiophosphorus Compounds , Reading , Sphygmomanometers
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