Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 110
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the nutritional status and prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized children at admission and during hospitalization in South Korea. @*SUBJECTS/METHODS@#This first cross-sectional nationwide “Pediatric Nutrition Day (pNday)” survey was conducted among 872 hospitalized children (504 boys, 368 girls; 686 medical, 186 surgical) from 23 hospitals in South Korea. Malnutrition risk was screened using the Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and the Screening Tool Risk on Nutritional status and Growth. Nutritional status was assessed by z-scores of weight-for-age for underweight, weight-for-height for wasting, and height-for-age for stunting as well as laboratory tests. @*RESULTS@#At admission, of the 872 hospitalized children, 17.2% were underweight, and the prevalence of wasting and stunting was 20.2% and 17.3%, respectively. During hospitalization till pNday, 10.8% and 19.6% experienced weight loss and decreased oral intake, respectively.During the aforementioned period, fasting was more prevalent in surgical patients (7.5%) than in medical patients (1.6%) (P < 0.001). According to the PYMS, 34.3% and 30% of the children at admission and on pNday, respectively, had a high-risk of malnutrition, requiring consultation with the nutritional support team (NST). However, only 4% were actually referred to the NST during hospitalization. @*CONCLUSIONS@#Malnutrition was prevalent at admission and during hospitalization in pediatric patients, with many children experiencing weight loss and poor oral intake. To improve the nutritional status of hospitalized children, it is important to screen and identify all children at risk of malnutrition and refer malnourished patients to the multidisciplinary NST for proper nutritional interventions.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900395

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This study aim to evaluate the relationship between the Hill grade confirmed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and the degree of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) by 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH) in children suspected of having gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). @*Methods@#A retrospective review of 105 children and adolescents who underwent EGD and MII-pH for the evaluation of GERD from March 2013 to July 2019 was performed. Clinical features and results of EGD and 24-hour MII-pH were collected and statistically analyzed. @*Results@#Hill grades 1, 2, 3, and 4 were identified using EGD in 56 (53.3%), 22 (22.0%), 16 (15.2%), and 11 (10.5%) patients, respectively. As the Hill grade increased, the proportion of neurological diseases (P < 0.001) and endoscopic erosive esophagitis (P < 0.001) increased significantly. The acid exposure index, bolus exposure index, number of reflux episodes, and number of GER reaching proximal extent on MII-pH increased significantly as the endoscopic Hill grade increased (all P < 0.001). Linear regression analysis revealed an increase in the Hill grade by 1 increased the acid exposure index by 2.0%, bolus exposure index by 0.7%, number of reflux episodes by 18.9 episodes, and the number of GER reaching the proximal esophagus increased by 10.5 episodes on average (all P < 0.001). @*Conclusions@#Hill grade on EGD was associated with GER in children. Estimating the degree of GER by applying Hill grade in the retroflexion view may be useful in practice when evaluating children suspected with GERD.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895154

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the nutritional status and prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized children at admission and during hospitalization in South Korea. @*SUBJECTS/METHODS@#This first cross-sectional nationwide “Pediatric Nutrition Day (pNday)” survey was conducted among 872 hospitalized children (504 boys, 368 girls; 686 medical, 186 surgical) from 23 hospitals in South Korea. Malnutrition risk was screened using the Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and the Screening Tool Risk on Nutritional status and Growth. Nutritional status was assessed by z-scores of weight-for-age for underweight, weight-for-height for wasting, and height-for-age for stunting as well as laboratory tests. @*RESULTS@#At admission, of the 872 hospitalized children, 17.2% were underweight, and the prevalence of wasting and stunting was 20.2% and 17.3%, respectively. During hospitalization till pNday, 10.8% and 19.6% experienced weight loss and decreased oral intake, respectively.During the aforementioned period, fasting was more prevalent in surgical patients (7.5%) than in medical patients (1.6%) (P < 0.001). According to the PYMS, 34.3% and 30% of the children at admission and on pNday, respectively, had a high-risk of malnutrition, requiring consultation with the nutritional support team (NST). However, only 4% were actually referred to the NST during hospitalization. @*CONCLUSIONS@#Malnutrition was prevalent at admission and during hospitalization in pediatric patients, with many children experiencing weight loss and poor oral intake. To improve the nutritional status of hospitalized children, it is important to screen and identify all children at risk of malnutrition and refer malnourished patients to the multidisciplinary NST for proper nutritional interventions.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892691

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This study aim to evaluate the relationship between the Hill grade confirmed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and the degree of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) by 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH) in children suspected of having gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). @*Methods@#A retrospective review of 105 children and adolescents who underwent EGD and MII-pH for the evaluation of GERD from March 2013 to July 2019 was performed. Clinical features and results of EGD and 24-hour MII-pH were collected and statistically analyzed. @*Results@#Hill grades 1, 2, 3, and 4 were identified using EGD in 56 (53.3%), 22 (22.0%), 16 (15.2%), and 11 (10.5%) patients, respectively. As the Hill grade increased, the proportion of neurological diseases (P < 0.001) and endoscopic erosive esophagitis (P < 0.001) increased significantly. The acid exposure index, bolus exposure index, number of reflux episodes, and number of GER reaching proximal extent on MII-pH increased significantly as the endoscopic Hill grade increased (all P < 0.001). Linear regression analysis revealed an increase in the Hill grade by 1 increased the acid exposure index by 2.0%, bolus exposure index by 0.7%, number of reflux episodes by 18.9 episodes, and the number of GER reaching the proximal esophagus increased by 10.5 episodes on average (all P < 0.001). @*Conclusions@#Hill grade on EGD was associated with GER in children. Estimating the degree of GER by applying Hill grade in the retroflexion view may be useful in practice when evaluating children suspected with GERD.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875502

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Combination therapy with immunomodulators (IMMs) was proposed as a strategy to prevent the development of loss of response (LOR) to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the effect is unclear in patients already exposed to IMMs. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether combination therapy with IMMs is superior to monotherapy for prevention of LOR to anti-TNF. @*Methods@#This was a retrospective study of patients in Seoul National University Bundang Hospital with IBD between January 2009 and October 2018. LOR was defined as clinical deterioration after maintenance of anti-TNF for at least 6 months. We investigated the difference in incidence of LOR to anti-TNF between the monotherapy and combination groups. We additionally assessed factors affecting LOR development to anti-TNF. @*Results@#A total of 116 patients with IBD were included in this study (monotherapy 61 patients; combination 55 patients). Overall, LOR to anti-TNF occurred in 31 patients during the follow-up period. The combination of an anti-TNF agent and IMM showed no significant difference in the incidence of LOR compared to anti-TNF agent monotherapy (hazard ratio [HR], 1.64; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.786 to 3.148; p = 0.182). Female sex was significantly associated with the development of LOR to anti-TNF (HR, 3.032; 95% CI, 1.467 to 6.268; p = 0.003). @*Conclusions@#Anti-TNF and IMM combination therapy did not prove efficacious in preventing the development of LOR in IBD patients. Female sex was associated with the development of LOR to anti-TNF; further studies are required to confirm these results.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899781

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Glycogen storage disease (GSD) is an inherited disorder leading to abnormal glucose metabolism and glycogen accumulation, and is associated with various complications including hepatic adenoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors for hepatic adenoma and its malignant change, and the hepatocellular carcinoma-free survival rate in patients with GSD who developed adenoma.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with GSD who were enrolled from March 1982 to September 2013 at Seoul National University Children's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the median follow-up period was 19.2 years.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-two patients (44.4%) developed hepatic adenoma at an age range of 7.9–26.3 years (median, 14.3 years). Among the 32 patients with hepatic adenoma, 4 patients (12.5%) developed hepatocellular carcinoma on an average interval of 6.7 years between the diagnosis of adenoma and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. GSD type I and portacaval shunt operation were found to be the risk factors for hepatic adenoma development. The hepatocellular carcinoma-free survival rate at 10 years from adenoma development was 82%.@*CONCLUSION@#The present study found that portacaval shunt operation increases the risk of development of hepatic adenoma in GSD patients, especially in GSD type I. The hepatic adenoma in GSD patients has a potential of malignant transformation, which should be keep in mind in follow-up process of the disease.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892077

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Glycogen storage disease (GSD) is an inherited disorder leading to abnormal glucose metabolism and glycogen accumulation, and is associated with various complications including hepatic adenoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors for hepatic adenoma and its malignant change, and the hepatocellular carcinoma-free survival rate in patients with GSD who developed adenoma.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with GSD who were enrolled from March 1982 to September 2013 at Seoul National University Children's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the median follow-up period was 19.2 years.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-two patients (44.4%) developed hepatic adenoma at an age range of 7.9–26.3 years (median, 14.3 years). Among the 32 patients with hepatic adenoma, 4 patients (12.5%) developed hepatocellular carcinoma on an average interval of 6.7 years between the diagnosis of adenoma and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. GSD type I and portacaval shunt operation were found to be the risk factors for hepatic adenoma development. The hepatocellular carcinoma-free survival rate at 10 years from adenoma development was 82%.@*CONCLUSION@#The present study found that portacaval shunt operation increases the risk of development of hepatic adenoma in GSD patients, especially in GSD type I. The hepatic adenoma in GSD patients has a potential of malignant transformation, which should be keep in mind in follow-up process of the disease.

9.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835661

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Malnutrition is a common problem in hospitalized patients that can increase the risk of complications, including infections and length of hospitalization. Appropriate nutritional support is important, particularly in pediatric patients, because growth and development are closely related to the nutritional supply. This study examined the status of nutritional support for pediatric patients in general wards to determine if interventions of the pediatric nutrition support team (pNST) contribute to appropriate nutritional support and help improve their nutritional status. @*Methods@#Between July 2016 and June 2017, all pediatric inpatients who received parenteral nutrition support at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital were recruited and divided into the NST group and non-NST group according to the activities of pNST. The nutritional status was assessed in all subjects, and the calories and proteins delivered through nutritional support in each group were calculated and then compared with the recommended requirements in pediatric patients. @*Results@#The number of patients recruited was 174: 100 (57.5%) in the NST group and 74 (42.5%) in the non-NST group. Significantly more calories and protein were supplied in the NST group than the non-NST group in hospitalized children aged between four and 17 years (P<0.05). In the non-NST group, the amounts of calories supplied were insufficient compared to the recommended requirements. The proportion of patients supplied with the appropriate number of calories was 60.0% in the NST group and 20.0% in the non-NST group (P<0.001), and the proportion of cases supplied with the appropriate amount of protein was 87.0% in the NST group and 62.2% in the non-NST group (P<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Interventions of the pediatric nutrition support team contributed to the sufficient supply of calories and protein and the improvement of clinical outcomes in hospitalized children on parenteral nutrition therapy.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835095

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#Inadequate nutrition in infants and young children affects physical growth and neurocognitive development. Therefore, early nutritional intervention is important to promote catch-up growth in young children with faltering growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nutritional supplementation with a pediatric concentrated and balanced nutritional supplement formula on promoting growth and improving nutritional status in children with nonorganic faltering growth. @*SUBJECTS/METHODS@#Children aged 12–36 months whose body weight-for-age was < 5th percentile on the Korean Growth Charts were enrolled. Children born premature or having organic diseases were excluded. Children were instructed to consume 400 mL of formula per day in addition to their regular diet for 6 months. Pediatricians and dietitians educated the parents and examined the subjects every 2 months. Anthropometric parameters were measured at baseline and at 2, 4, and 6 months, and laboratory tests were done at baseline and 6 months. The good consumption group included children who consumed ≥ 60% of the recommended dose of formula. @*RESULTS@#Total 82 children completed the 6-month intervention. At baseline, there were no significant differences in all variables between the good consumption and poor consumption groups. Weight and weight z-scores were significantly improved in the good consumption group compared to the poor consumption group at the end of the intervention (P = 0.009, respectively). The good consumption group showed a significant trend for gaining weight (P < 0.05) and weight z-score (P < 0.05) compared to the poor consumption group during 6 months of formula intake. The concentration of blood urea nitrogen was significantly increased in the good consumption group (P = 0.001). @*CONCLUSIONS@#Nutritional supplementation with a concentrated and balanced pediatric nutritional formula along with dietary education might be an effective approach to promote catch-up growth in children with nonorganic faltering growth.

11.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834142

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In East Asian countries, there are only a few epidemiologic studies of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and no studies in children. We investigated the incidence and compared the clinical characteristics of EoE and eosinophilic gastroenteritis involving the esophagus (EGEIE) in Korean children. @*Methods@#A total of 910 children, who had symptoms of esophageal dysfunction, from 10 hospitals in Korea were included. EoE was diagnosed according to diagnostic guidelines and EGEIE was diagnosed when there were >15 eosinophils in the esophagus per high power field (HPF) and >20 eosinophils per HPF deposited in the stomach and duodenum with abnormal endoscopic findings. @*Results@#Of the 910 subjects, 14 (1.5%) were diagnosed with EoE and 12 (1.3%) were diagnosed with EGEIE. Vomiting was the most common symptom in 57.1% and 66.7% of patients with EoE and EGEIE, respectively. Only diarrhea was significantly different between EoE and EGEIE (p=0.033). In total, 61.5% of patients had allergic diseases. Exudates were the most common endoscopic findings in EoE and there were no esophageal strictures in both groups. The median age of patients with normal endoscopic findings was significantly younger at 3.2 years, compared to the median age of 11.1 years in those with abnormal endoscopic findings (p=0.004). @*Conclusion@#The incidence of EoE in Korean children was lower than that of Western countries, while the incidence of EGEIE was similar to EoE. There were no clinical differences except for diarrhea and no differences in endoscopic findings between EoE and EGEIE.

12.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834137

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) ranges in severity from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis. Early detection of NAFLD is important for preventing the disease from progressing to become an irreversible end-stage liver disease. We developed a nomogram that allows for non-invasive screening for NAFLD in obese children. @*Methods@#Anthropometric and laboratory data of 180 patients from our pediatric obesity clinic were collected. Diagnoses of NAFLD were based on abdominal ultrasonographic findings. The nomogram was constructed using predictors from a multivariate analysis of NAFLD risk factors. @*Results@#The subjects were divided into non-NAFLD (n=67) and NAFLD groups (n=113). Factors, including sex, body mass index, abdominal circumference, blood pressure, insulin resistance, and levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γGT), uric acid, triglycerides, and insulin, were significantly different between the two groups (all p<0.05) as determined using homeostatis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). In our multivariate logistic regression analysis, elevated serum ALT, γGT, and triglyceride levels were significantly related to NAFLD development. The nomogram was established using γGT, uric acid, triglycerides, HOMA-IR, and ALT as predictors of NAFLD probability. @*Conclusion@#The newly developed nomogram may help predict NAFLD risk in obese children. The nomogram may also allow for early NAFLD diagnosis without the need for invasive liver biopsy or expensive liver imaging, and may also allow clinicians to intervene early to prevent the progression of NAFLD to become a more advanced liver disease.

13.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834130

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This was a nationwide population-based study conducted to investigate the epidemiology, treatment, disease outcomes, and associated factors of childhood intussusception in South Korea. @*Methods@#Data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database on all patients <18 years old diagnosed with intussusception from 2007 to 2017 were analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 34,688 cases were identified among 30,444 patients. The overall incidence was 28.3/100,000 person-years with a male predominance. Most cases (83.1%) occurred in children <3 years old, with an annual incidence of 195.2, 200.1, and 118.6 cases per 100,000 children in their first, second, and third year of life, respectively. The median age at the first occurrence was 18.7 months, and it was higher in boys than in girls. The post-discharge recurrence rate was 10.6% (3,226/30,444) and the in-hospital recurrence rate was 6.1% (1,842/30,444). The total recurrence rate (post-discharge recurrence and/or in-hospital recurrence) was 15.0% (4,580/30,444). Enema reduction was successful in 90.0% of cases. Enema reduction was more successful in girls than in boys. A total of 3,296 (10.8%) patients underwent 3,481 surgeries, including 735 (21.1%) laparoscopic surgeries. Post-discharge recurrence and surgery were significantly affected by age, sex, and hospital type. Mortality was noted in nine cases (0.03%). @*Conclusion@#Our study provides accurate epidemiologic data on the treatment and outcomes of intussusception through complete enumeration during an 11-year-period.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831499

ABSTRACT

Background@#Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorder (EoGID) is an emerging disease condition in Korean children, but its diagnosis requires invasive endoscopic biopsies. Fecal calprotectin (FCal) is a noninvasive biomarker for intestinal inflammation to differentiate organic gastrointestinal diseases from functional abdominal pain disorder. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FCal and to determine the optimal cutoff to differentiate EoGID from functional abdominal pain disorder. @*Methods@#A total of 253 children (122 boys, 131 girls; mean age 12.2 ± 3.6, range 2.9–17.8 years) who underwent endoscopy with biopsies for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms were recruited, except for 38 children diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease, and divided into EoGID (n = 67) and functional abdominal pain disorder (n = 186). FCal, white blood cell (WBC) counts, eosinophil counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were measured in all subjects at initial diagnosis. @*Results@#FCal levels weakly correlated with WBC (r = 0.127, P = 0.044) and CRP (r = 0.126, P = 0.040) but not with ESR and eosinophil count. FCal levels were significantly higher in the EoGID group than in the functional abdominal pain disorder group (mean 179.5 ± 242.9 mg/kg vs. 44.3 ± 68.1 mg/kg; P 0.05). An optimal cutoff of FCal 73.2 mg/kg distinguished EoGID from functional abdominal pain disorder with a sensitivity of 50.7% and a specificity of 84.6%. @*Conclusion@#FCal is a useful and reliable noninvasive marker for differentiating EoGID from functional abdominal pain disorder in Korean children with chronic gastrointestinal symptoms when optimal cutoffs are applied.

15.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830465

ABSTRACT

Chronic gastrointestinal diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, malabsorption syndromes (e.g., intestinal lymphangiectasia, celiac disease, congenital chloride diarrhea, cystic fibrosis), and postsubtotal gastrectomy state or short-bowel syndrome after extensive bowel resection are related to poor bone health in pediatric patients due to increased risks of low bone mineral density, osteoporosis, and fractures. The pathophysiology of abnormal bone health in pediatric gastrointestinal diseases may present from inflammation to malabsorption. In children with chronic gastrointestinal diseases at high risk of poor bone health, routine evaluation using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and appropriate prevention or treatment strategies are needed.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Several nutritional screening tools were recently developed to screen the risk of malnutrition in hospitalized children, but have not been validated in Asia. We compared four nutritional screening tools for pediatric patients in evaluating nutritional risks in newly hospitalized children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Medical records of newly admitted pediatric patients between June 2016 and May 2017 at two tertiary hospitals were reviewed. Initial information by nurses and hospital records by doctors on baseline demographic, clinical, and anthropometric data at admission were collected in all subjects. Nutritional risks were evaluated using four nutritional screening tools including the pediatric nutritional risk score (PNRS), the screening tool for the assessment of malnutrition in pediatrics (STAMP), the paediatric Yorkhill malnutrition score (PYMS), and the screening tools for risk of nutritional status and growth (STRONGkids). RESULTS: A total of 559 patients (310 boys and 249 girls, mean age 6.3 ± 5.5 years) were recruited. Patients in medical and surgical departments were 469 (83.9%) and 90 (16.1%), respectively. The prevalence of patients at risk of malnutrition were 31.1% for low risk, 52.2% for medium risk, and 16.6% for high risk by PNRS; 11.4%, 39.7%, and 48.8% by STAMP; 26.5%, 25.4%, and 48.1% by PYMS; and 35.6%, 58.9%, and 5.5% by STRONGkids. PNRS versus STRONGkids and STAMP versus PYMS showed moderate agreement (kappa = 0.566 and kappa = 0.495, respectively). PYMS and STAMP revealed a relatively high sensitivity of 87.8% and 77.6% for wasting. CONCLUSION: Different nutritional screening tools revealed considerably different results in evaluating nutritional risks in newly hospitalized children. Since pediatric patients are at risk of malnutrition at admission and during hospitalization, screening tools should be applied properly according to the situation of each hospital.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760608

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS/OBJECTIVES: Cancer treatment may lead to significant body composition changes and affect growth and disease outcomes in pediatric cancer patients. This prospective study aimed to evaluate short- and long-term body compositions changes focused on body fat during the first year of cancer treatment in children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 30 pediatric cancer patients (19 hematologic malignancies and 11 solid tumors) and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Anthropometric measurements and body composition analysis using whole body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry were performed at baseline and 1, 6, and 12 month(s) of cancer treatment. Kruskal-Wallis tests, Wilcoxon paired t tests, and generalized estimation equation (GEE) were applied for statistical analysis. RESULTS: At baseline, no differences in weight, height, body mass index, abdominal circumferences, body fat, and fat-free mass were observed between 30 controls and 30 pediatric cancer patients. Total fat mass (P < 0.001) and body fat percentage (P = 0.002) increased significantly during the first month, but no changes were observed from 1 to 12 months; however, no changes in the total mass were observed during the first year of cancer treatment. Meanwhile, the total fat-free mass decreased during the first month (P = 0.008) and recovered between 6 and 12 months of follow-up (P < 0.001). According to GEE analysis, there was a significant upward trend in body fat percentage during the first year, especially the first month, of cancer treatment in children with hematologic malignancies, but not in those with solid tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that cancer treatment is related to significant body composition changes and rapid body fat gain, particularly during the first month after initiating cancer treatment, in children with hematologic malignancies. Therefore, individualized dietary strategies to prevent excessive fat gain are needed in pediatric cancer patients for better outcomes.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Adipose Tissue , Body Composition , Body Fat Distribution , Body Height , Child , Follow-Up Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Prospective Studies
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719611

ABSTRACT

The Committee on Pediatric Obesity of the Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition newly developed the first Korean Guideline on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Obesity in Children and Adolescents to deliver an evidence-based systematic approach to childhood obesity in South Korea. The following areas were systematically reviewed, especially on the basis of all available references published in South Korea and worldwide, and new guidelines were established in each area with the strength of recommendations based on the levels of evidence: 1) definition and diagnosis of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents; 2) principles of treatment of pediatric obesity; 3) behavioral interventions for children and adolescents with obesity, including diet, exercise, lifestyle, and mental health; 4) pharmacotherapy; and 5) bariatric surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bariatric Surgery , Child , Diagnosis , Diet , Drug Therapy , Gastroenterology , Humans , Korea , Life Style , Mental Health , Obesity , Overweight , Pediatric Obesity
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719434

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Obesity
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719433

ABSTRACT

The Committee on Pediatric Obesity of the Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition newly developed the first Korean Guideline on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Obesity in Children and Adolescents to deliver an evidence-based systematic approach to childhood obesity in South Korea. The following areas were systematically reviewed, especially on the basis of all available references published in South Korea and worldwide, and new guidelines were established in each area with the strength of recommendations based on the levels of evidence: (1) definition and diagnosis of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents; (2) principles of treatment of pediatric obesity; (3) behavioral interventions for children and adolescents with obesity, including diet, exercise, lifestyle, and mental health; (4) pharmacotherapy; and (5) bariatric surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bariatric Surgery , Child , Diagnosis , Diet , Drug Therapy , Gastroenterology , Humans , Korea , Life Style , Mental Health , Obesity , Overweight , Pediatric Obesity
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL