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The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 294-301, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002993


Objectives@#Gastrointestinal cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease is a major contributor to mortality in immunocompromised patients. Few studies have discussed upper gastrointestinal CMV (UGICMV) disease in immunocompetent patients. We compared the clinical outcomes of UGI-CMV between immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included patients with UGI-CMV disease from five tertiary hospitals across Korea (2010– 2022). Patients’ clinical data and outcomes were recorded. @*Results@#UGI-CMV was diagnosed in 54 patients; 27 (50.0%) had esophageal, 24 (44.4%) had gastric, and 3 patients (5.6%) had duodenal involvement. Patients’ median age was 64 years (interquartile range 53–75 years), and the most common comorbidities included hypertension (57.4%) and diabetes (38.9%). The predominant symptom was abdominal pain (46.3%), and the most common endoscopic finding was ulcers (70.4%). Antiviral treatment was administered to 31 patients, and 23 patients underwent observation without treatment. We investigated 32 immunocompromised (59.3%) and 22 immunocompetent (40.7%) patients and observed no intergroup differences in comorbidities and in laboratory and endoscopic findings. Immunocompromised patients had longer length of hospitalization (median 46.2 days vs. 20.0 days, p=0.001). However, treatment outcomes, including the need for intensive care unit admission and mortality did not significantly differ. The overall mortality rate was 13.0%; one patient from the immunocompromised group died of UGI-CMV disease. The treatment success rate was higher in immunocompromised patients who received antiviral therapy (p=0.011). @*Conclusions@#UGI-CMV disease is not uncommon in immunocompetent patients, although symptoms are milder than those in immunocompromised patients. Our findings emphasize the importance of clinical vigilance for accurate diagnosis of CMV infection, particularly in susceptible symptomatic patients and highlight the need for active antiviral treatment for management of immunocompromised patients.

The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 140-144, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002982


Colonic interposition is the main procedure used in esophageal reconstruction. We report a rare case of simultaneous treatment of an anastomotic site stricture and a neoplasm in the interpositioned colon. A 69-year-old female visited our outpatient clinic with symptoms of progressive dysphagia for 1 year. At the age of 30 years, the patient underwent esophagectomy with retrosternal colonic interposition because of severe esophageal burns after chemical ingestion. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed stricture at the anastomosis site and a 10-mm flat elevated high-grade dysplasia in the interpositioned colon. First, through-the-scope balloon dilatation was performed for strictures. However, stenosis was observed during the second upper gastrointestinal endoscopy session.Therefore, a second session of through-the-scope balloon dilatation was performed, and simultaneously, endoscopic submucosal dissection was also successfully performed. After 2 months of follow-up, stenosis persisted; consequently, balloon dilatation was performed. No recurrence of neoplasm was confirmed endoscopically. Through-the-scope balloon dilatation of the stricture site and simultaneous endoscopic submucosal dissection of the neoplasm in the interpositioned colon were successfully performed.

The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 253-258, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002947


Background/Aims@#Gastrointestinal (GI) bezoars are relatively rare diseases with clinical characteristics and treatment modalities that depend on the location of the bezoars. This study evaluated the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes in patients with GI bezoars. @*Methods@#Seventy-five patients diagnosed with GI bezoars were enrolled in this study. Data were collected on the demographic and clinical characteristics and the characteristics of the bezoars, such as type, size, location, treatment modality, and clinical outcomes. @*Results@#Among the 75 patients (mean age 71.2 years, 38 males), 32 (42.6%) had a history of intra-abdominal surgery. Hypertension (43%) and diabetes (30%) were common morbidities. The common location of the bezoars was the stomach in 33 (44%) and the small intestine in 33 (44%). Non-surgical management, including adequate hydration, chemical dissolution, and endoscopic removal, was successful in 2/2 patients with esophageal bezoars, 26/33 patients with gastric bezoars, 7/9 patients with duodenal bezoars, and 20/33 patients with small intestinal bezoars. The remaining patients had undergone surgical management. @*Conclusions@#The management of GI bezoars requires multidisciplinary approaches, including the appropriate correction of fluid and electrolyte imbalances, chemical dissolution, and endoscopic and surgical treatments. (Korean J Gastroenterol 2023;81:253-258)