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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915439

ABSTRACT

In November 2021, 14 international travel-related severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) B.1.1.529 (omicron) variant of concern (VOC) patients were detected in South Korea. Epidemiologic investigation revealed community transmission of the omicron VOC. A total of 80 SARS-CoV-2 omicron VOC-positive patients were identified until December 10, 2021 and 66 of them reported no relation to the international travel.There may be more transmissions with this VOC in Korea than reported.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874521

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to investigate the recent prevalence, management, and comorbidities of diabetes among Korean adults aged ≥30 years by analyzing nationally representative data. @*Methods@#This study used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2016 to 2018, and the percentage and total number of people ≥30 years of age with diabetes and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) were estimated. @*Results@#In 2018, 13.8% of Korean adults aged ≥30 years had diabetes, and adults aged ≥65 years showed a prevalence rate of 28%. The prevalence of IFG was 26.9% in adults aged ≥30 years. From 2016 to 2018, 35% of the subjects with diabetes were not aware of their condition. Regarding comorbidities, 53.2% and 61.3% were obese and hypertensive, respectively, and 72% had hypercholesterolemia as defined by low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥100 mg/dL in people with diabetes. Of the subjects with diabetes, 43.7% had both hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. With regard to glycemic control, only 28.3% reached the target level of <6.5%. Moreover, only 11.5% of subjects with diabetes met all three targets of glycosylated hemoglobin, blood pressure, and LDL-C. The percentage of energy intake from carbohydrates was higher in diabetes patients than in those without diabetes, while that from protein and fat was lower in subjects with diabetes. @*Conclusion@#The high prevalence and low control rate of diabetes and its comorbidities in Korean adults were confirmed. More stringent efforts are needed to improve the comprehensive management of diabetes to reduce diabetes-related morbidity and mortality.

3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835398

ABSTRACT

Papillary fibroelastomas are the second most common primary cardiac tumor in adults. Over 80% of fibroelastomas occur on the cardiac valves, usually on the left side of the heart, while the remaining lesions are typically scattered throughout the atria and ventricles. Although the optimal timing for surgery is controversial and depends on tumor size and location, prompt surgical resection is warranted in patients at high risk of embolism. A tumor on the cardiac valve can be removed using the slicing excision technique without leaflet injury. Here we present two cases of papillary fibroelastomas occurring on the ventricular surface of the aortic valve and in the right ventricle.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759824

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the association of low vitamin D status with thyroid autoimmunity and dysfunction in the Korean population according to sex and menopausal status in women. METHODS: This study was based on the data acquired from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We enrolled 4,356 subjects who had data of thyroid function, antithyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels. We excluded subjects who were pregnant and who had a history of thyroid disease or thyroid cancer, and those with transient thyroid dysfunction who tested negative for TPOAb (TPOAb[−]). RESULTS: TPOAb positivity (TPOAb[+]) with thyroid dysfunction (subclinical and overt hypothyroidism) was more prevalent in the vitamin D deficient group than in the vitamin D insufficient and sufficient groups including premenopausal (P=0.046) and postmenopausal women (P=0.032), although no significant differences were observed in men. The mean serum 25(OH)D level was significantly lower in the TPOAb(+) with thyroid dysfunction group than in the TPOAb(+) with euthyroidism and TPOAb(−) groups of premenopausal women (P=0.001), although no significant differences were observed in men and postmenopausal women. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, body mass index, and current smoking status, showed that vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency were significantly associated with TPOAb(+) with thyroid dysfunction in premenopausal women (P<0.001), although no significant associations were observed in men and postmenopausal women. CONCLUSION: Low vitamin D status was significantly associated with thyroid autoimmunity and dysfunction in the Korean population, especially in premenopausal women.


Subject(s)
Autoimmunity , Body Mass Index , Female , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Male , Nutrition Surveys , Peroxidase , Premenopause , Smoke , Smoking , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroiditis, Autoimmune , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 535-541, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762082

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Whether cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves clinical outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) has not been thoroughly evaluated. Moreover, few studies have sought to identify patients who would benefit most from CR among STEMI patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutively, 265 STEMI patients who underwent primary PCI with implantation of DESs and follow-up angiography were examined. Seventy-six patients (30%) who received CR were assigned to the CR+ group. Another 178 patients (70%) who did not participate in CR were assigned to the CR− group. Second generation DESs were implanted in 238 (94%) patients. RESULTS: Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), including death, myocardial infarction, and revascularization, were compared. The CR+ group tended to have lower MACE than the CR− group at 3 years, although the difference was not statistically significant (9.9% vs. 18.3%, hazard ratio=0.54, p=0.138). Subgroup analysis revealed a significant interaction according to CR and preprocedural thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow (p value for interaction=0.011). In patients with low preprocedural TIMI flow (TIMI flow ≤1, n=161), those in the CR+ group had significantly lower MACE than those in the CR− group (p=0.005), whereas MACE was not different among patients with higher TIMI flow (TIMI flow ≥2, n=93). CONCLUSION: CR including exercise training was associated with lower MACE, particularly in patients with lower preprocedural TIMI flow during primary PCI for STEMI in the current DES era.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Rehabilitation
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 542-546, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762081

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The prevalence and clinical outcomes of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (CAS) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have not been thoroughly studied. We examined the prevalence and predictors of asymptomatic CAS detected by carotid angiography and determined the impact of concomitant CAS on prognosis in patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) due to CAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and July 2015, 395 patients who underwent carotid digital subtraction angiography to screen for CAS during CAG were analyzed. The presence of CAS was defined as angiographically significant stenosis (≥50%). Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) rates were compared between patients with and without CAS. MACCEs included a composite of cardiac death, cerebrovascular death, acute myocardial infarction, and stroke. RESULTS: Of the 395 patients, 101 (25.5%) patients had significant CAS. The independent predictors of CAS were age, male sex, hypertension, diabetes, and multi-vessel disease. In patients with CAD, the presence of CAS was as an independent predictor for MACCEs after adjusting for confounding factors (hazard ratio 2.47, 95% confidence interval 1.16–5.24, p=0.018). CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic CAS was documented in up to 25% of patients with CAD. The presence of CAS in patients with CAD was associated with a higher rate of MACCEs. Therefore, detection of CAS by carotid angiography during CAG may be important for risk stratification for CAD patients, particularly those with multi-vessel disease.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Carotid Arteries , Carotid Stenosis , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Death , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Prevalence , Prognosis , Stroke
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787465

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Causal hypotheses suggest that alcohol-related disorders may also cause psychiatric disorders and problems, or vice versa. The association between alcohol consumption and mental health is important from both research and therapeutic viewpoints. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the association between alcohol consumption and mental health (perceived stress, depressive mood, suicidal ideation, quality of life) in Korean adults over 19 years old.METHODS: We finally included 5,399 adults who had participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2015, and analyzed the association between alcohol consumption and mental health, using logistic regression.RESULTS: Perceived stress was associated with alcohol consumption in problem drinkers (odds ratio [OR]=1.35, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.13–1.61). Depressive mood was associated with alcohol consumption in moderate and problem drinkers (OR=0.90, 95% CI=0.71–1.11 and OR=1.35, 95% CI=1.06–1.70, respectively). Suicidal ideation was not associated with alcohol consumption in moderate and problem drinkers (P=0.063 and P=0.068, respectively). Quality of life was associated with alcohol consumption in moderate and problem drinkers (OR=0.48, 95% CI=0.41–0.57 and OR=0.77, 95% CI=0.66–0.92, respectively).CONCLUSION: We found that moderate drinkers have a lower risk of depressive mood and a higher quality of life as compared to low drinkers. However, problem drinkers have a higher quality of life but a higher risk of perceived stress and depressive mood as compared to low drinkers.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alcohol Drinking , Alcohol-Related Disorders , Alcohols , Humans , Logistic Models , Mental Health , Nutrition Surveys , Quality of Life , Suicidal Ideation
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787458

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lower back pain (LBP) is the most common musculoskeletal disease in adults over the age of 50. LBP is associated with physical activity and mental health such as depression or suicidal thoughts. We aimed to analyze the association between LBP and mental health and that between physical activity and depressive mood in LBP patients among Korean adults over the age of 50.METHODS: We included 2,681 adults in the analysis, who participated in the 2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and used a t-test, logistic regression analysis, and chi-squared test via complex sampling. We analyzed the association between LBP and mental health, various kinds of physical activity, and depressive mood after adjusting for confounding factors.RESULTS: Poor mental health (perception of stress, diagnosis of depression, depressive mood, suicidal thoughts, and suicide attempts) were significantly associated with LBP. The LBP group was 2.077 times more likely to be diagnosed with depression and was 4.666 times more likely to have suicidal thoughts than the control group. Exercise, such as walking, was associated with a reduced risk of depressive mood in subjects with LBP.CONCLUSION: LBP patients were at high risk of being diagnosed with depression, experiencing suicidal thoughts and depressive mood, and attempting suicide. In LBP patients, walking was associated with a reduced depressive mood.


Subject(s)
Adult , Depression , Diagnosis , Humans , Logistic Models , Low Back Pain , Mental Health , Motor Activity , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Nutrition Surveys , Suicide , Walking
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750273

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of authentic leadership and nursing organizational culture to the intention of hospital nurses to stay in their current position. METHODS: The participants of this study were 503 nurses in 8 hospitals. We collected data using questionnaires for assessing authentic leadership, nursing organization culture and intention to stay. For data analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Cronbach's α, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Tukey test, Multiple regression were performed using SAS ver.9.4 (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA). RESULTS: Authentic leadership (β=.12, p=.008) and relation-oriented culture (β=.13, p=.009) affected the intention of the hospital nurses to stay. These variables accounted for 29% of the variance in the intention to stay among hospital nurses. CONCLUSION: The finding of this study shows that the authentic leadership and nursing organizational culture especially relation-focused can influence nurses' intention to stay in their current position. For retaining nurses, it is suggested to use an authentic leadership training program for nursing leaders and to make efforts to establish a relation-focused culture in the hospital.


Subject(s)
Education , Intention , Leadership , Nursing , Organizational Culture , Statistics as Topic
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739708

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify and analyze the trends of theory-based research published in Asian Oncology Nursing (AON) from 2011 to 2017. METHODS: We analyzed 22 theory-based studies taken from among the 232 studies published in AON for 7years. We analyzed the framework developed by researchers, descriptive summaries of theory, keyword classification of nursing meta-paradigms, the generic character of the studies, and the type of research designs. RESULTS: A total of 23 theories were applied in the 22 (9.5%) studies. ‘Nursing’ was the most prevalent field of study (34.8%). In the field of study of theory, nursing theory was the largest with eight (34.8%), and in the method of theory utilization, all 22 studies were theoretical applications 3 middle-range theories were most prevalent. In the keyword classification using meta-paradigm in nursing, we found 83 key words. Among them, ‘Health’ related key words were most frequent (53), followed by ‘Cancer’ keywords (13). CONCLUSION: AON has a high ratio of theoretical study compared to other journals, but the ratio is still less than 10%, which is still weak. Therefore, it is believed that the attention to, utilization of, application, and institutional establishment of nursing theory should be necessary.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Classification , Humans , Methods , Models, Theoretical , Nursing , Nursing Theory , Oncology Nursing , Research Design
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786671

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Macrophages have been known to have diverse roles either after tissue damage or during the wound healing process; however, their roles in flap wound healing are poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate how macrophages contribute to the flap wound regeneration.METHODS: A murine model of a pedicled flap was generated, and the time-course of the wound healing process was determined. Especially, the interface between the flap and the residual tissue was histopathologically evaluated. Using clodronate liposome, a macrophage-depleting agent, the functional role of macrophages in flap wound healing was investigated. Coculture of human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT and monocytic cell line THP-1 was performed to unveil relationship between the two cell types.RESULTS: Macrophage depletion significantly impaired flap wound healing process showing increased necrotic area after clodronate liposome administration. Interestingly, microscopic evaluation revealed that epithelial remodeling between the flap tissue and residual normal tissue did not occurred under the lack of macrophage infiltration. Coculture and scratch wound healing assays indicated that macrophages significantly affected the migration of keratinocytes.CONCLUSION: Macrophages play a critical role in the flap wound regeneration. Especially, epithelial remodeling at the flap margin is dependent on proper macrophage infiltration. These results implicate to support the cellular mechanisms of impaired flap wound healing.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Clodronic Acid , Coculture Techniques , Humans , Keratinocytes , Liposomes , Macrophages , Regeneration , Surgical Flaps , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741138

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the analytical performance of the Stat Profile pHOx Ultra Blood Gas Analyzer (Nova Biomedical, USA), a new blood gas/chemistry analyser, including its precision and linearity, comparison studies, and the carry-over effect of commercial reagents and patient specimens. We assessed all the results on the basis of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. The following parameters were assessed: pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, partial pressure of oxygen, ionized calcium, ionized magnesium (iMg), and lactate concentration The total imprecision had a coefficient of variation of 0.0%–1.8%, and the linear measurement ranges for each parameter were all acceptable. In comparison with the Nova Critical Care Xpress Analyzer (Nova Biomedical, USA), the results indicated a good agreement, except for iMg. All carry-over ranges were between −0.5% and −1.4%. The Stat Profile pHOx Ultra Blood Gas Analyzer showed good analytical performance in terms of precision, linearity, comparison studies, and carry-over effect. The Stat Profile pHOx Ultra Blood Gas Analyzer can provide reliable measurements across a clinically relevant range and has potential use in laboratory tests.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Carbon Dioxide , Critical Care , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Indicators and Reagents , Lactic Acid , Magnesium , Oxygen , Partial Pressure
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze research and development projects in mental health services in Korea, using priority evaluation of mental health promotion policies to determine direction of the service. METHODS: An online survey was conducted that targeted experts in the mental health service regarding promotion of mental health in Korea in 2016. The survey was based on 32 policy projects that resulted from 12 strategies according to 4 policy objectives. RESULTS: Analysis of 32 mental health projects were assessed regarding the possibility of technology development success, magnitude of the ripple effect, and necessity of a national response. It was observed that 3 policy projects relevant to suicide, had a high relative priority. This was followed by policies for improvement of health insurance and the medical benefit cost system, and policies for reinforcement of crisis psychological support such as those for disaster victims. CONCLUSION: The prioritization of mental health services should place an emphasis on promotion of a healthy mental lifestyle, rehabilitation support for patients with serious mental illness, and reinforcement of social safety networks for suicide prevention.


Subject(s)
Disaster Victims , Health Promotion , Humans , Industrial Development , Insurance, Health , Korea , Life Style , Mental Health Services , Mental Health , Rehabilitation , Social Change , Suicide
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758832

ABSTRACT

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is recognized as one of the most important infectious diseases causing serious economic loss in the swine industry worldwide. Due to its increasing genetic diversity, a rapid and accurate diagnosis is critical for PRRS control. The immunochromatographic strip test (ICST) is a rapid and convenient type of immunoassay. In this study, an on-site immunochromatographic assay-based diagnostic method was developed for detection of PRRS virus (PRRSV)-specific antibodies. The method utilized colloidal gold nanoparticle-labeled dual-type nucleocapsid proteins encoded by open reading frame 7. We evaluated 991 field samples from pig farms and 66 serum samples from experimentally PRRSV-inoculated pigs. Based on true PRRSV-specific antibody-positive or


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Antibodies , Colloids , Communicable Diseases , Diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Genetic Variation , Gold Colloid , Immunoassay , Chromatography, Affinity , Immunoglobulin M , Methods , Nucleocapsid Proteins , Open Reading Frames , Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome , Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus , Sensitivity and Specificity , Swine
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760474

ABSTRACT

Dysgonomonas capnocytophagoides is a gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccobacillus that was formerly designated CDC group dysgonic fermenter (DF)-3, occurring as a normal flora in human gut and rarely causing human infections such as bacteremia, abscess, diarrhea, and cholecystitis. In this study, we report a case of biliary sepsis caused by D. capnocytophagoides in a patient with biliary obstruction. A seventy four-year-old man, admitted to the hospital due to common bile-duct stone, also had cholangitis caused by D. capnocytophagoides and Enterococcus avium, which were isolated from his blood cultures. D. capnocytophagoides was initially identified as D. gadei by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, but later confirmed as D. capnocytophagoides by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of human infection by D. capnocytophagoides in Korea.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Bacteremia , Cholangitis , Cholecystitis , Cholelithiasis , Diarrhea , Enterococcus , Genes, rRNA , Humans , Korea , Mass Spectrometry , Sepsis
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-653894

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a positioning education program through the brochure or oral explanations for the parents of premature infants with a brain lesion and investigated the satisfaction level of physical therapy of parents of premature infants with a brain lesion. METHODS: Forty parents of premature infants with a brain lesion participated in this study. The recruited premature infants were randomized into groups A (n=20) and B (n=20) for the purpose of the positioning education method through brochure or oral explanations. The level of satisfaction and recognition for the positioning education program was investigated by the parents of 12 month old infants. The gross motor function, measure-88, was examined at three months, six months, nine months, and twelve months of the corrected age. RESULTS: No significant differences in the recognition of the position education program, level of satisfaction of the environment, and the attitude of the therapist were noted (p>0.05). Significantly high levels of satisfaction with the program of group B given the brochure were noted. The gross motor function measure-88 was also similar in both groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the parents were satisfied with the positioning education program of the brochure. The differences in educational methods did not affect the development of premature infants.


Subject(s)
Brain , Education , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Methods , Pamphlets , Parents
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-653888

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the correlations among the resting physical factors related to a six-minute walk test (6MWT) and to determine the effects of the resting physical factors on the distance and intensity related to the 6MWT in healthy female subjects. METHODS: A total of 43 healthy female subjects (22.84±3.90 yrs) participated in this study. They performed the 6MWT, and the physical factors related to the 6MWT were assessed. SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze the data, and the mean and standard deviation were calculated, and the collected data were analyzed by the Pearson's correlation coefficient (among physical factors related to 6MWT) and independent t-test (between six-minute walk distance [6MWD] groups and six-minute walk intensity [6MWI] groups). RESULTS: The 6MWD had a significant negative correlation with the resting HR (beat/min) in healthy female subjects (r= −0.49, p < 0.05). The 6MWI had a significant negative correlation with the resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) (r= −0.45, p < 0.01). A comparison of the 6MWD revealed the long distance group (LDG, 700-799 m) to be significantly higher than the middle distance group (MDG, 600-699 m) in the 6MWI (%), %predicted distance (%), predicted VO2max (mL/kg/min), resting HR (beat/min), and resting SBP (mmHg)(p < 0.05). In the comparison of 6MWI, the moderate intensity group (MIG, 64-75%HRmax) was significantly lower than the low intensity group (LIG, 50-63%HRmax) in the resting SBP (mmHg) (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the resting physical factors are related to the 6MWD and 6MWI of the 6MWT in healthy females. In particular, SBP is associated with not only the 6MWD but also the 6MWI in 6MWT.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Female , Humans
20.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 103-110, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110643

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and characteristics of HLA-DR⁻/CD34⁻ acute myeloid leukemia (AML) also known as acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)-like AML. METHODS: This study included 683 newly diagnosed patients with AML. After exclusion of 211 patients with recurrent genetic abnormalities, one with acute panmyelosis with myelofibrosis, two with myeloid leukemia associated with Down syndrome, and two devoid of metaphase cells, we classified the remaining 467 patients as follows: group 1, HLA-DR⁺/CD34⁺ (typical AML); group 2, HLA-DR⁺/CD34⁻ or HLA-DR⁻/CD34⁺; group 3, APL-like AML. RESULTS: Group 1 comprised 294 patients, group 2 comprised 133, and group 3 comprised 40. Therefore, the frequency of APL-like AML among 683 unselected patients with AML was 5.9%. Group 3 patients had significantly higher leukocyte counts and bone marrow (BM) blast percentages, higher frequencies of normal karyotypes and NPM1 mutation, higher fractions of CD33-positive cells, higher concentrations of fibrin degradation products and D-dimers, lower frequencies of complex karyotypes, monosomal karyotypes and poor cytogenetic risk, lower fractions of CD13-positive cells, and lower fibrinogen concentrations, compared with group 1 patients. The values of the BM blast percentage, number of CD33-positive cells, and DIC score of the patients with APL-like AML were intermediate between those of the patients with typical AML and APL. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that APL-like AML is not uncommon, and it has characteristics distinguishable from those of typical AML. APL-like AML may have some pathophysiological relationships with APL, which need further investigation.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Cytogenetics , Dacarbazine , Down Syndrome , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Fibrinogen , HLA-DR Antigens , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Leukocyte Count , Metaphase , Primary Myelofibrosis
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