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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 303-312, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999438

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Significant improvements have been made in the surgical treatment of rectal cancer with a higher sphinctersaving rate without compromising oncologic results. There have been studies about the quality of life of rectal cancer patients after surgery. However, no study has reported the long-term annual incidence of depression after rectal cancer surgery according to stoma status. The objective of this study was to determine the annual incidence of depression after rectal cancer surgery and the factors affecting it, especially the prevalence of depression according to the presence or duration of a stoma. @*Methods@#Using the Korea National Health Insurance Service database, patients who underwent radical surgery for rectal cancer from 2002 to 2019 were searched. We analyzed the incidence and risk factors of depression in patients who underwent radical surgery for rectal cancer according to stoma status. @*Results@#Annual incidence of depression in rectal cancer patients was decreasing annually for 15 years after surgery. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of depression according to the stoma status. However, the diagnosis of depression within 1 year after surgery was statistically significantly increased in the permanent stoma group. @*Conclusion@#There was no difference in the overall incidence of depressive disorders among patients with rectal cancer based on their stoma status. However, a permanent stoma seems to increase the incidence in the first year after surgery. Education and intensive assessments of depressive disorders in patients with permanent stoma within 1 year after surgery are needed, particularly for female patients who are under 50 years old.

2.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 488-498, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976760

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with the risk of Achilles tendinopathy (AT) or Achilles tendon rupture (ATR), using data from a nationwide population-based cohort.We hypothesized that higher BMI and WC would be independently associated with the increased risk of AT or ATR. In addition, a higher WC may potentiate the association between BMI and the risk of Achilles tendon problems. @*Methods@#We used the National Health Insurance database that covers the entire South Korean population to follow up subjects who participated in the National Health Screening Program (NHSP) from January 2009 to December 2010. The NHSP data include subjects’ BMI, WC, blood test results, blood pressure, and information about lifestyle. Among the subjects, those who were newly diagnosed as having AT or ATR before December 31, 2017, were selected. To examine the association of the variables with the risk of AT or ATR and determine whether the effect of higher BMI varied according to WC, multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used. @*Results@#Among a total of 16,830,532 subjects, 125,814 and 31,424 developed AT and ATR, respectively. A higher BMI showed a greater association with the increased risk of ATR than AT (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 3.49 vs. 1.96). A higher WC was associated with the increased risk of AT (adjusted HR, 1.22), but not ATR. In a separate analysis, the association between BMI and the risk of AT was higher when subjects had higher WC as compared to those with lower WC, being most significant in individuals with both higher BMI and higher WC. @*Conclusions@#Higher BMI was more associated with the increased risk of ATR than AT. Moreover, a high central fat distribution played an independent and potentiating role in the development of AT. This implies the greater importance of a high central fat distribution contributing to the development of AT in obese people.

3.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 185-197, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001534

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The extent of regional variations in cardiovascular risk and associated risk factors in patients with gout in South Korea remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the risk of major cardiovascular events in gout patients in different regions. @*Methods@#This was a nationwide cohort study based on the claims database of the Korean National Health Insurance and the National Health Screening Program. Patients aged 20 to 90 years newly diagnosed with gout after January 2012 were included. After cardiovascular risk profiles before gout diagnosis were adjusted, the relative risks of incident cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, and cerebral hemorrhage) in gout patients in different regions were assessed. @*Results@#In total, 231,668 patients with gout were studied. Regional differences in cardiovascular risk profiles before the diagnosis were observed. Multivariable analysis showed that patients with gout in Jeolla/Gwangju had a significantly high risk of myocardial infarction (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.27; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02~1.56; p=0.03). In addition, patients with gout in Gangwon (aHR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.09~1.74; p<0.01), Jeolla/Gwangju (aHR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.19~1.67; p<0.01), and Gyeongsang/ Busan/Daegu/Ulsan (aHR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.19~1.59; p<0.01) had a significantly high risk of cerebral infarction. @*Conclusion@#We found there were regional differences in cardiovascular risk and associated risk factors in gout patients. Physicians should screen gout patients for cardiovascular risk profiles in order to facilitate prompt diagnosis and treatment.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e22-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915535

ABSTRACT

Background@#To evaluate the health status of healthcare workers (doctors and nurses) compared to those in the general population based on the National Health Insurance Service database and the cause of death data from Statistics Korea. @*Methods@#The subjects of this study were 104,484 doctors and 220,310 nurses working in healthcare facilities from 2002 to 2017, and who had undergone at least one general medical examination. Based on the subject definition, the subject data were extracted from the National Health Insurance healthcare facility database and qualification database. We collected medical use details included in the research database, general medical examination results, medical history included in the health examination database, and additional data on the cause of death from the National Statistics database to analyze the main cause of death and mortality. @*Results@#In terms of the major causes of death and mortality among healthcare workers, the mortality rate associated with intentional self-harm, injury, transportation accident, heart disease, addiction, and falling was significantly higher than that in the general population. Further, the prevalence of respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases was high. When analyzing the proportional mortality ratio (PMR) by cause of death for healthcare workers, the PMR values for death related to malignant neoplasm was the highest. In terms of diseases, both doctors and nurses had higher rates of infectious diseases such as maternal sepsis, rubella, and measles. @*Conclusion@#The health status of healthcare workers differs from that of the general population. Thus, it is important to consider the occupational characteristics of healthcare personnel. This study is unique in that it was conducted based on medical use indicators rather than survey data.

5.
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health ; : 226-233, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926179

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The aim of this study was to evaluate the subjective level of health-related quality of life of Korean healthcare workers using various quality-of-life instruments. @*Methods@#This study included 992 participants, who were doctors and nurses. A survey was conducted between November 28 and December 4, 2019. Data from 954 participants divided into 3 groups (physicians, residents, and nurses) were analyzed. Four measurement tools (29 questions) were used in the survey to evaluate subjective health status and well-being. @*Results@#In the Mayo Well-being Index, burnout during work (88.5%) and emotional difficulties caused by work (84.0%) were frequently cited by the respondents. Regarding questions on burnout and emotional difficulties, residents and nurses had the highest scores (91.0 and 89.6%, respectively). Emotional problems, such as anxiety, depression, and irritability, accounted for a high percentage (73.1%) of the total, while 82.2% of respondents reported that their work schedules interfered with their leisure and family time. There was no significant difference among the groups in subjective health status. However, 10.1% of the residents experienced very low quality of life, which was a higher proportion than that of physicians (2.7%) and nurses (5.2%). @*Conclusions@#The level of well-being that Korean medical workers experienced in relation to work was lower than the results of the United States healthcare workers surveyed using the same tool. This study was unique in that it conducted a subjective quality-of-life survey on Korean healthcare workers.

6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e20-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874766

ABSTRACT

Background@#Medical professionals must maintain their health to provide quality medical care to patients safely. However, the health-related quality of life of medical professionals is a complex issue that currently lacks a standardized evaluation approach. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify their perceptions of the health-related quality of life of medical professionals and explore ways to measure their quality of life as accurately. @*Methods@#This study explored the subjective health status and well-being of Korean medical professionals by conducting three focus group discussions (FGDs) with 12 physicians and 6 nurses (November to December 2019). In the FGD, we elicited participants' opinions on existing health-related quality of life measurement tools. Also, we analyzed transcribed data through content analysis. @*Results@#Participants in this study noted the ambiguity in the current definitions of health provided by the World Health Organization. They shared various problems of their health, mainly concerning fatigue and sleep disorders due to their work pattern. Also, participants shared anxiety, burden, and fear of negative consequences due to the complexity of their work. Participants voiced the necessity of a questionnaire on health-related quality of life that reflects the working lives of medical professionals. @*Conclusion@#Medical professionals in Korea were mainly criticizing about health-related quality of life problems caused by their work characteristics. The results of this study will provide valuable information for future health-related quality of life surveys targeting medical professionals in Korea, and also help to determine the method for monitoring the healthrelated quality of life for health professionals. In addition, the aspects and items identified by medical professionals as important for their health-related quality of life may be used as a basis for developing a new health-related quality of life measurement tools for medical professionals.

7.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 539-549, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833504

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of P2Y12 reaction unit (PRU) of VerifyNow still remains as a controversial issue in neurointervention. So we investigated the usefulness of PRU of VerifyNow to predict the peri-procedural thromboembolic events (TE) and hemorrhagic events (HE). And we evaluated the safety of modified dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) or triple antiplatelet therapy (TAPT) for clopidogrel hyporesponders. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science and Scopus on August 19 2018. Data was collected the 1) incidence of TE between clopidogrel responder and clopidogrel hypo-responder, 2) incidence of HE between clopidogrel hyper-responder and clopidogrel responder and hypo-responder, and 3) incidence of TE and HE between modified DAPT or TAPT and standard DAPT in clopidogrel hypo-responder. High cut-off value of PRU was defined as PRU >40% or 0.05). The incidence of periprocedural HE after changing regimen of DAPT for clopidogrel hypo-responder was no significant difference between modified DAPT or TAPT group and standard DAPT group (p>0.05). PRU is a useful tool as a predictor of peri-procedural TE or HE on neurointervention. PRU has a threshold effect of cut-off value to predict the peri-procedural TE. Modified DAPT or TAPT to prevent TE in clopidogrel hypo-responders could not reduce the incidence of TE. We should investigate the further research about modification of regiment on neurointervention.

8.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 687-698, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766459

ABSTRACT

Inappropriate antibiotic use significantly contributes to antibiotic resistance, resulting in reduced antibiotic efficacy and an increased burden of disease. The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of prescribers whose antibiotics use was high and to explore factors affecting the use of antibiotics by medical institutions. This study analyzed the National Health Insurance claims data from 2015. Antibiotic prescription data were analyzed in terms of the number of defined daily doses per 1,000 patients per day, according to the World Health Organization anatomical-therapeutic-chemical classification and methodologies for measuring the defined daily dose. We investigated the characteristics of prescribers and medical institutions with high antibiotic use. Multivariate regression analyses were performed on the basis of characteristics of the medical institution (number of patients, type of medical institution [hospital or clinic], age of the physician, etc.). The number of patients and number of beds were found to be significant factors affecting antibiotic use in hospitals, and the number of patients, region, and medical department were significant factors affecting antibiotic use at the level of medical institutions. These findings are expected to help policy-makers to better target future interventions to promote prudent antibiotic prescription.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Classification , Drug Resistance, Microbial , National Health Programs , Prescriptions , World Health Organization
9.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 435-442, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766516

ABSTRACT

A medical advertisement can include media such as newspapers, magazines, and the Internet. Currently, the Internet is responsible for most medical advertising. Our purpose is to investigate the current status of radiologic images posted on hospitals' websites nationwide, and to evaluate the reliability of online medical advertisements using these images. I investigated the websites of all 1,450 hospitals and 290 oriental medicine clinics nationwide. Specific information on the radiologic images posted was recorded. In terms of body parts, musculoskeletal images account for 78% of the radiologic images on hospitals' websites and 98% of the images for oriental medicine clinics. The purposes for posting radiologic images are to explain the pathophysiology of diseases or the technique of surgical treatments, and to show the effects of hospital-specialized treatments. The most commonly used modalities of radiologic images are plain radiography and MR. More than 90% of the posted images have no source; 10% have no legends; and 5% to 7% have inappropriate legends. In terms of quality, only 60% of the radiologic images on hospitals' websites are rated as acceptable. Fifteen percent of the oriental medicine clinics posted the radiologic images without having a medical doctor on staff. Considering the results, I conclude that it is necessary to re-establish a system of pre-screening and post-evaluation for reviewing hospital websites, especially focusing on the radiologic images posted. Then we can prevent the inappropriate information from influencing or damaging public health, and set up healthy medical competition.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Direct-to-Consumer Advertising , Health Information Systems , Human Body , Internet , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Periodical , Periodicals as Topic , Public Health , Radiography
10.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 687-698, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916147

ABSTRACT

Inappropriate antibiotic use significantly contributes to antibiotic resistance, resulting in reduced antibiotic efficacy and an increased burden of disease. The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of prescribers whose antibiotics use was high and to explore factors affecting the use of antibiotics by medical institutions. This study analyzed the National Health Insurance claims data from 2015. Antibiotic prescription data were analyzed in terms of the number of defined daily doses per 1,000 patients per day, according to the World Health Organization anatomical-therapeutic-chemical classification and methodologies for measuring the defined daily dose. We investigated the characteristics of prescribers and medical institutions with high antibiotic use. Multivariate regression analyses were performed on the basis of characteristics of the medical institution (number of patients, type of medical institution [hospital or clinic], age of the physician, etc.). The number of patients and number of beds were found to be significant factors affecting antibiotic use in hospitals, and the number of patients, region, and medical department were significant factors affecting antibiotic use at the level of medical institutions. These findings are expected to help policy-makers to better target future interventions to promote prudent antibiotic prescription.

11.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 435-442, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916116

ABSTRACT

A medical advertisement can include media such as newspapers, magazines, and the Internet. Currently, the Internet is responsible for most medical advertising. Our purpose is to investigate the current status of radiologic images posted on hospitals' websites nationwide, and to evaluate the reliability of online medical advertisements using these images. I investigated the websites of all 1,450 hospitals and 290 oriental medicine clinics nationwide. Specific information on the radiologic images posted was recorded. In terms of body parts, musculoskeletal images account for 78% of the radiologic images on hospitals' websites and 98% of the images for oriental medicine clinics. The purposes for posting radiologic images are to explain the pathophysiology of diseases or the technique of surgical treatments, and to show the effects of hospital-specialized treatments. The most commonly used modalities of radiologic images are plain radiography and MR. More than 90% of the posted images have no source; 10% have no legends; and 5% to 7% have inappropriate legends. In terms of quality, only 60% of the radiologic images on hospitals' websites are rated as acceptable. Fifteen percent of the oriental medicine clinics posted the radiologic images without having a medical doctor on staff. Considering the results, I conclude that it is necessary to re-establish a system of pre-screening and post-evaluation for reviewing hospital websites, especially focusing on the radiologic images posted. Then we can prevent the inappropriate information from influencing or damaging public health, and set up healthy medical competition.

12.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 1-4, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759919

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Delivery of Health Care
13.
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science ; : 7-18, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76827

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that prohibit biosynthesis of arachidonic acid metabolites have been considered potent host modulation agents. The aim of this review was to determine the effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs adjunctive with nonsurgical periodontal treatment in patients with periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched to identify relevant studies. The methodological quality and mean differences of the change in clinical attachment level and probing depth were analyzed according to Cochrane review methods. RESULTS: Twelve studies were included in the methodological assessment and nine studies were suitable for inclusion in the meta-analysis. The mean difference in the clinical attachment level gain did not differ significantly between the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and control groups at any observation time. The highest mean difference in clinical attachment level gain was 0.30 mm at 4 weeks (95% confidence interval = -0.37 to 0.97). There was a significant mean difference in the probing depth reduction, of 0.34 mm (95% confidence interval = 0.29 to 0.40) at 6 weeks. CONCLUSION: Therefore, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have additional therapeutic effect when administrated with nonsurgical periodontal treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Arachidonic Acid , Drug Therapy , Periodontal Diseases , Prostaglandins
14.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 3-17, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a common and painful complication of acute herpes zoster. In some cases, it is refractory to medical treatment. Preventing its occurrence is an important issue. We hypothesized that applying nerve blocks during the acute phase of herpes zoster could reduce PHN incidence by attenuating central sensitization and minimizing nerve damage and the anti-inflammatory effects of local anesthetics and steroids. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the efficacy of using nerve blocks to prevent PHN. We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and KoreaMed databases without language restrictions on April, 30 2014. We included all randomized controlled trials performed within 3 weeks after the onset of herpes zoster in order to compare nerve blocks vs active placebo and standard therapy. RESULTS: Nine trials were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. Nerve blocks reduced the duration of herpes zoster-related pain and PHN incidence of at 3, 6, and 12 months after final intervention. Stellate ganglion block and single epidural injection did not achieve positive outcomes, but administering paravertebral blockage and continuous/repeated epidural blocks reduced PHN incidence at 3 months. None of the included trials reported clinically meaningful serious adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Applying nerve blocks during the acute phase of the herpes zoster shortens the duration of zoster-related pain, and somatic blocks (including paravertebral and repeated/continuous epidural blocks) are recommended to prevent PHN. In future studies, consensus-based PHN definitions, clinical cutoff points that define successful treatment outcomes and standardized outcome-assessment tools will be needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthetics, Local , Central Nervous System Sensitization , Herpes Zoster , Incidence , Injections, Epidural , Nerve Block , Neuralgia, Postherpetic , Stellate Ganglion , Steroids
15.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 274-281, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218949

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is reported to be related to rapid progression of renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Allopurinol, a uric acid lowering agent, protects renal progression. However, it is not widely used in patients with CKD because of its serious adverse event. Febuxostat can be alternatively used for patients who are intolerable to allopurinol. We aimed to determine renoprotective effect and urate-lowering effect between the two drugs. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to assess the effects of febuxostat compared to allopurinol in patients with hyperuricemia. MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched to identify research publications. RESULTS: Four relevant publications were selected from among 3,815 studies. No significant differences were found in the changes in serum creatinine from baseline between the febuxostat and allopurinol groups. Changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were observed between the two groups at 1 month (mean difference 1.65 mL/min/1.73 m², 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.38, 2.91 mL/min/1.73 m²; heterogeneity χ² = 1.25, I² = 0%, P = 0.01); however, the changes in eGFR were not significantly different at 3 months. A significant difference did exist in the changes in albuminuria levels from baseline between the febuxostat and allopurinol groups (mean difference −80.47 mg/gCr, 95% CI −149.29, −11.64 mg/gCr; heterogeneity χ² = 0.81, I² = 0%, P = 0.02). A significant difference was also observed in the changes in serum uric acid from baseline between the febuxostat and allopurinol groups (mean difference −0.92 mg/dL, 95% CI −1.29, −0.56 mg/dL; heterogeneity χ² = 6.24, I² = 52%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Febuxostat might be more renoprotective than allopurinol.


Subject(s)
Humans , Albuminuria , Allopurinol , Creatinine , Febuxostat , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Gout , Hyperuricemia , Population Characteristics , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Uric Acid
16.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 394-404, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88551

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Caregivers endure tremendous physical, emotional, and financial burdens while caring for people with dementia. The current study aimed to estimate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for caregivers of people with dementia (CGPWD). METHODS: Studies in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and SCOPUS databases were screened. Studies with a randomized controlled design and which produced CBT outcomes for CGPWD were included in this study, and we investigated these outcomes. RESULTS: The screening of abstracts of 263 studies resulted in 12 randomized controlled trials being included in this study. The mean age of the CGPWD ranged from 51.5 to 66.2 years. The caregiver role was most frequently adopted by a female spouse or daughter. CBT for the CGPWD resulted in positive effects on various conditions, including depression, anxiety, stress, and dysfunctional thoughts. Depression was the most commonly evaluated condition, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was most frequently used as an inventory for depressive symptoms. The mean differences between the baseline and postintervention CES-D scores were compared between the CBT-intervention and control groups. The CES-D score decreased significantly more in the CBT-intervention group than in the control group. The difference in pooled mean differences between the two groups was −4.98. CONCLUSIONS: CBT is an efficient intervention tool for reducing the various emotional burdens experienced by CGPWD. This meta-analysis found that CBT significantly improved the depressive symptoms of CGPWD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Anxiety , Caregivers , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Dementia , Depression , Epidemiologic Studies , Mass Screening , Nuclear Family , Spouses
17.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 323-329, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-105164

ABSTRACT

While overtreatment in medical services has for a long time been a topic of interest among the medical community, the concept of overdiagnosis has recently attracted interest because of the increasing scientific evidence supporting it; there are numerous academic papers investigating ‘overdiagnosis’ which have been published. Overdiagnosis is the phenomenon of a disease being diagnosed that will never progress to the point of causing symptoms or death. In certain individuals, even despite the detection of cancer cells, the person will die of other disease before the cancer can progress. It is known that overdiagnosis occurs in various diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and various psychiatric disorders. In cancer, there exist slow growing cancers in which symptoms and death often occur late and thus the patient will ultimately die of another cause before they are affected by the cancer. Through this, there is a potential of overdiagnosis due to early cancer screening. Overdiagnosed patients are harmed by the diagnosis and treatment which in no way benefit them. The general public as well as health care professionals should be informed of the balance between the benefits and harms. This article will analyze the problems related to overdiagnosis with a focus on early screening in cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Delivery of Health Care , Diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Hypertension , Mass Screening , Medical Overuse , Prostatic Neoplasms , Thyroid Neoplasms
18.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 245-251, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77010

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Technique failure is an important issue for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. In this study, we aimed to analyze technique failure rate in detail and to determine the predictors for technique failure in Korea. METHODS: We identified all patients who had started dialysis between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2008, in Korea, using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database. A total of 7,614 PD patients were included, and the median follow-up was 24.9 months. RESULTS: The crude incidence rates of technique failure in PD patients were 54.1 per 1,000 patient-years. The cumulative 1-, 2-, and 3-year technique failure rates of PD patients were 4.9%, 10.3%, and 15.6%, respectively. However, those technique failure rates by Kaplan–Meier analysis were overestimated compared with the values by competing risks analysis, and the differences increased with the follow-up period. In multivariate analyses, diabetes mellitus and Medical Aid as a crude reflection of low socioeconomic status were independent risk factors in both the Cox proportional hazard model and Fine and Gray subdistribution model. In addition, cancer was independently associated with a lower risk of technique failure in the Fine and Gray model. CONCLUSION: Technique failure was a major concern in patients initiating PD in Korea, especially in diabetic patients and Medical Aid beneficiaries. The results of our study offer a basis for risk stratification for technique failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus , Dialysis , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Insurance, Health , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Peritoneal Dialysis , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Social Class
19.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 335-341, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48337

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adverse transfusion reactions (ATRs) are clinically relevant to patients with significant morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to review the cases of ATR reported in the recipient-triggered trace back system for a recent nine-year period in Korea. METHODS: Nine-year data obtained from 2006 to 2014 by the trace back system at the Division of Human Blood Safety Surveillance of the Korean Centers for Disease Control (KCDC) were reviewed. The suspected cases were assessed according to six categories: (i) related to, (ii) probably related to, (iii) probably not related to, (iv) not related to transfusion, (v) unable to investigate, and (vi) under investigation. RESULTS: Since 2006, 199 suspected serious ATRs were reported in hospitals and medical institutions in Korea, and these ATRs were reassessed by the division of Human Blood Safety Surveillance of the KCDC. Among the reported 193 cases as transfusion related infections, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (135, 67.8%) was reported most frequently, followed by hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (27, 13.6%), HIV infection (13, 6.5%), syphilis (9, 4.5%), malarial infection (4, 2.0%), other bacterial infections (3, 1.5%), HTLV infection (1, 0.5%), and scrub typhus infection (1, 0.5%), respectively. Of the 199 cases, 13 (6.5%) cases were confirmed as transfusion-related (3 HCV infections, 3 malarial infections, 1 HBV infection, 2 Staphylococcus aureus sepsis, 3 transfusion-related acute lung injuries, and 1 hemolytic transfusion reaction). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first nationwide data regarding serious ATRs in Korea and could contribute to the implementation of an effective hemovigilance system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Lung Injury/epidemiology , Blood Transfusion/adverse effects , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Hepatitis C/epidemiology , Malaria/epidemiology , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Transfusion Reaction/etiology
20.
Hanyang Medical Reviews ; : 18-22, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220539

ABSTRACT

To make updated and unbiased answers to a clinical question, it is essential to effectively and efficiently search the medical literature. The goal of medical literature searching is comprehensive and transparent and is a replicable procedure to get correct conclusions to the question. To do this, each user should make well formulated clinical questions, and have knowledge on what specific characteristics each database has. There are several readily accessible English databases that provide literature information including PubMed, EMBASE, and CINAHL. The Korean medical literature database including Koreamed and KMBase are also available. Users can search information through formulated search terms such as in MeSH in Pubmed. Skills in finding and using search terms are essential in effective searching. Also knowledge on using filters is frequently needed to search database quickly for articles on several study designs. After running a search in the database, one needs to retrieve search results effectively. In comprehensive literature search, especially for writing a systematic review, one needs to include literature to overcome and minimize publication bias. This process often requires searching in gray literature, and the common types and sources of publication bias are described. Finally, we need to constantly validate search results, and revise the search through a continuous process. In this article, the basic concepts and procedures of searching medical literature are described.


Subject(s)
Knowledge Discovery , Publication Bias , Running , Writing
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