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1.
Brain Tumor Research and Treatment ; : 158-163, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937258

ABSTRACT

Cytotoxic chemotherapy has been a mainstay of cancer treatment since the 1940s. In the recent era of emergent targeted therapies and immunotherapies, many cytotoxic chemotherapy agents including temozolomide are still one of main weapons for the treatment of high grade gliomas. However, cytotoxic chemotherapy often causes side effects. Proper management of chemotherapy-induced toxicity can have a significant impact on a patient’s quality of life and clinical outcomes. Many supportive care advances have transformed our ability to give full doses of chemotherapy, which is important for achieving their full efficacy. Prevention and treatment strategies have been developed for many chemotherapy-related toxicities. This review focused on managing gastrointestinal toxicity, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and hematologic toxicities such as thrombocytopenia during cytotoxic chemotherapy treatment in high-grade brain tumors.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e191-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892223

ABSTRACT

Background@#As the role of immunotherapies and personalized medicine grow, cancer patients have faced many choices in treatments and have suffered financial toxicity. These challenges brought the need for the value framework (VF) to guide treatment decision making. @*Methods@#A survey was taken to 102 oncologists about perception for VF. They were asked about priorities among several considerations when they prescribe cancer drugs. Their views on the need for development and potential implications of VF in Korea were assessed, also. @*Results@#The survey shows that 90% of the respondents choose clinical efficacy as the most important value in cancer drugs selection, and the cost of drug was more weighted value in immune checkpoint inhibitors (13.7%). Approximately half (53.9%) answered that they were aware of the existing VFs. Over 90% of respondents agreed with the need for development of a VF for cancer drugs based on Korean healthcare system and further usefulness for decisions about reimbursement issues. Seventy-one percent answered that two representative VFs (American Society Clinical Oncology-VF and European Society for Medical OncologyMagnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale) should be reflected in value measurement of cancer drugs in Korea. @*Conclusion@#The Korean oncologists recognized the necessity for the clinical application of VF. Further discussion between the stakeholders should be followed to alleviate the financial burden through the value-based decision making of cancer drugs.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e191-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899927

ABSTRACT

Background@#As the role of immunotherapies and personalized medicine grow, cancer patients have faced many choices in treatments and have suffered financial toxicity. These challenges brought the need for the value framework (VF) to guide treatment decision making. @*Methods@#A survey was taken to 102 oncologists about perception for VF. They were asked about priorities among several considerations when they prescribe cancer drugs. Their views on the need for development and potential implications of VF in Korea were assessed, also. @*Results@#The survey shows that 90% of the respondents choose clinical efficacy as the most important value in cancer drugs selection, and the cost of drug was more weighted value in immune checkpoint inhibitors (13.7%). Approximately half (53.9%) answered that they were aware of the existing VFs. Over 90% of respondents agreed with the need for development of a VF for cancer drugs based on Korean healthcare system and further usefulness for decisions about reimbursement issues. Seventy-one percent answered that two representative VFs (American Society Clinical Oncology-VF and European Society for Medical OncologyMagnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale) should be reflected in value measurement of cancer drugs in Korea. @*Conclusion@#The Korean oncologists recognized the necessity for the clinical application of VF. Further discussion between the stakeholders should be followed to alleviate the financial burden through the value-based decision making of cancer drugs.

4.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 175-181, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875449

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare salivary gland tumor characterized by indolence, with a high rate of local recurrence and distant metastasis. This study aimed to investigate the effect of concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) on locally advanced unresectable ACC. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 10 patients with pathologically confirmed ACC of the head and neck who received CCRT with cisplatin in Seoul National University Hospital between 2013 and 2018. @*Results@#Ten patients with unresectable disease at the time of diagnosis or with positive margins after surgical resection received CCRT with weekly cisplatin. Eight patients (80%) achieved complete remission, of which three later developed distant metastases without local relapse; one patient developed distant metastasis and local relapse. Two patient achieved partial remission without progression. Patients experienced several toxicities, including dry mouth, radiation dermatitis, nausea, and salivary gland inflammation of mostly grade 1 to 2. Only one patient showed grade 3 oral mucositis. Median relapse-free survival was 34.5 months (95% confidence interval, 22.8 months to not reached). @*Conclusions@#CCRT with cisplatin is effective for local control of ACC with manageable toxicity and may be an effective treatment option for locally advanced unresectable ACC.

5.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 885-893, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919028

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#This study was to evaluate the clinical significance of infusion-related reaction (IRR) of rituximab in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients who received R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) as a first-line chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The medical records of 326 patients diagnosed with DLBCL were re trospectively analyzed. Both doctor's progress records and nursing records were reviewed. IRR was graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria.@*RESULTS@#IRR was not associated with overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) of DLBCL patients as compared to those who did not have IRR (OS: median 78.0 months vs. 69.0 months, p = 0.700; PFS: median 65.4 months vs. 64.0 months, p = 0.901). IRR grade did not affect OS or PFS. B symptoms was independently associated with IRR (hazard ratio [HR], 1.850; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.041 to 3.290; p = 0.036). Further, bone marrow involvement was independently associated with re-IRR (HR, 4.904; 95% CI, 0.767 to 3.118; p = 0.029).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study shows that IRR of rituximab is not associated with OS or PFS of DLBCL patients who received R-CHOP. Furthermore, our study suggests a need for more careful observation for IRR in patients with B symptoms or bone marrow involvement.

6.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 142-149, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Tuberculosis is associated with hypercoagulation; however, there are few reports of cases thromboembolism and tuberculosis at the same time in the real world. The purpose of this study was to report the incidence and clinical course of thromboembolism in patients diagnosed with tuberculosis.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients who were diagnosed with both tuberculosis and thromboembolism including pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) at Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center from January 2000 through March 2015.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7905 tuberculosis patients, 49 (0.6%) exhibited PTE, DVT, or both at or after the time of tuberculosis diagnosis. All patients treated for tuberculosis started with isoniazid, ethambutol, rifampicin, and pyrazinamide. Eight patients were switched to treatment with second-line medication because of resistance or adverse events. About half of the patients (n = 21, 44.7%) had thrombosis at the time of tuberculosis diagnosis. Of 48 patients treated for thromboembolism, 36 received warfarin. A total of 20 patients improved symptom caused by thrombosis, and 10 patients were confirmed cure by image study such as computed tomography or doppler ultrasonography. Eight patients who were treated with warfarin had persistent thrombosis. Five patients (10.2%) experienced major bleeding that required hospitalization. All of these bleeding events were associated with warfarin therapy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Careful attention to PTE/DVT is needed at the time of diagnosis of tuberculosis and during anti-tuberculosis therapy. Warfarin therapy administered with anti-tuberculosis medication requires frequent monitoring to prevent major bleeding.

7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 832-840, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763113

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The soluble programmed death-ligand 1 (sPDL1) has immunosuppressive activity and is a candidate biomarker for immuno-oncology drug development. In this study, we measured sPDL1 at pre- and post-chemotherapy and at disease progression to uncover the dynamics of sPDL1 during treatment in biliary tract cancer (BTC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 90 BTC patients (training cohort, 53; validation cohort, 37) who were candidates for palliative first-line chemotherapy, blood was collected at pre- and post-chemotherapy (at the time of best response) and at disease progression. The sPDL1 levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Responses to chemotherapy, overall survival (OS), and other prognostic factors including the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were analyzed. RESULTS: The OS of all patients was 11.5 months (confidence interval [CI], 9.7 to 16.2). The best response was complete response in seven (7.8%), partial response in 20 (22.2%), stable disease in 52 (57.8%), and disease progression (PD) in 11 patients (12.2%). Patients with high pre-chemotherapy sPDL1 (≥ 1.30 ng/mL) showed worse OS than patients with low prechemotherapy sPDL1 (9.1 months vs. 12.5 months, p=0.003). In multivariate analyses, high pre-chemotherapy sPDL1 (hazard ratio [HR], 1.96; 95% CI, 1.2 to 3.9; p=0.011) and high pre-chemotherapy NLR (HR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.1 to 3.0; p=0.020) were independent poor prognostic factors for OS. At the time of PD, sPDL1 was increased significantly compared with pre-chemotherapy sPDL1 (1.59 ng/mL vs. 0.72 ng/mL, p=0.003). CONCLUSION: The sPDL1 at pre-chemotherapy confers the prognostic value for OS in BTC patients under palliative chemotherapy. The dynamics of sPDL1 during chemotherapy correlate with disease burden and have prognostic value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biliary Tract Neoplasms , Biomarkers , Cohort Studies , Disease Progression , Drug Therapy , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis
8.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 802-804, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76284

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Histiocytosis, Sinus , Lymphatic Diseases
9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 304-311, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64175

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The dose intensity of doxorubicin (DID) is important to the survival of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. However, due to expected toxicities, most elderly patients cannot receive full doses of anthracyclines. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of DID on the survival of elderly DLBCL patients (age > or = 70 years) in the rituximab era. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 433 DLBCL patients who were treated with R-CHOP between December 2003 and October 2011 at the Seoul National University Hospital. Of these patients, 19.2% were aged > or = 70 years. We analyzed the survival outcomes according to DID. RESULTS: Significantly poorer overall survival (OS) was observed for patients aged > or = 70 years (2-year OS rate: 59.9% vs. 84.2%; p 10 mg/m2/wk; p=0.031; 2-year PFS: 35.0% vs. 65.7%; p=0.036). The OS on each 1.7 mg/m2/wk doxorubicin increment above 10 mg/m2/wk in elderly patients was not significant among the groups (2-year OS rate: 75.0% in DID 10.0-11.7 mg/m2/wk vs. 66.7% in DID 15.0-16.7 mg/m2/wk; p=0.859). Treatment related mortality was not related to DID. CONCLUSION: DID can be reduced up to 10 mg/m2/wk in elderly DLBCL patients in the rituximab era. Maintenance of DID > 10 mg/m2/wk and judicious selection of elderly patients who are tolerant to DID is necessary.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Anthracyclines , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Mortality , Seoul
10.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 184-187, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95058

ABSTRACT

We report on a first case of bone marrow metastasis by dedifferentiated liposarcoma. A 39-year-old male diagnosed with retroperitoneal dedifferentiated liposarcoma underwent surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. In spite of radiotherapy, his whole-body positron emission tomography showed high uptake in multiple bone metastasis. With thrombocytopenia, bone scan suggested bone marrow involvement. After bone marrow biopsy, bone marrow metastasis by dedifferentiated liposarcoma was finally confirmed. He was administered with systemic chemotherapy with doxorubicin. But he died 3 months after chemotherapy due to disease progression. This case revealed that in a patient of unexplained cytopenia with dedifferentiated liposarcoma, bone marrow metastasis should be in consideration.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Disease Progression , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Liposarcoma , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radiotherapy , Thrombocytopenia
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