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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 531-540, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003251

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#For precision medicine, exploration and monitoring of molecular biomarkers are essential. However, in advanced gastric cancer (GC) with visceral lesions, an invasive procedure cannot be performed repeatedly for the follow-up of molecular biomarkers. @*Materials and Methods@#To verify the clinical implication of serial liquid biopsies targeting circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) on treatment response, we conducted targeted deep sequencing for serially collected ctDNA of 15 HER2-positive metastatic GC patients treated with anti-PD-1 inhibitor in combination with standard systemic treatment. @*Results@#In the baseline ctDNAs, 14 patients (93%) harbored more than one genetic alteration. A number of mutations in wellknown cancer-related genes, such as KRAS and PIK3CA, were identified. Copy number alterations were identified in eight GCs (53.3%), and amplification of the ERBB2 gene (6/15, 40.0%) was the most recurrent. When we calculated the mean variant allele frequency (VAF) of mutations in each ctDNA as the molecular tumor burden index (mTBI), the mTBI trend was largely consistent with the VAF profiles in both responder and non-responder groups. Notably, in the longitudinal analysis of ctDNA, mTBI provided 2–42 weeks (mean 13.4 weeks) lead time in the detection of disease progression compared to conventional follow-up with CT imaging. @*Conclusion@#Our data indicate that the serial genetic alteration profiling of ctDNA is feasible to predict treatment response in HER2-positive GC patients in a minimally invasive manner. Practically, ctDNA profiles are useful not only for the molecular diagnosis of GC but also for the selection of GC patients with poor prognosis for systemic treatment (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier:NCT02901301).

2.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 574-583, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000922

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Gastric cancer (GC) is among the most prevalent and fatal cancers worldwide.National cancer screening programs in countries with high incidences of this disease provide medical aid beneficiaries with free-of-charge screening involving upper endoscopy to detect early-stage GC. However, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused major disruptions to routine healthcare access. Thus, this study aimed to assess the impact of COVID-19 on the diagnosis, overall incidence, and stage distribution of GC. @*Materials and Methods@#We identified patients in our hospital cancer registry who were diagnosed with GC between January 2018 and December 2021 and compared the cancer stage at diagnosis before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Subgroup analyses were conducted according to age and sex. The years 2018 and 2019 were defined as the “before COVID” period, and the years 2020 and 2021 as the “during COVID” period. @*Results@#Overall, 10,875 patients were evaluated; 6,535 and 4,340 patients were diagnosed before and during the COVID-19 period, respectively. The number of diagnoses was lower during the COVID-19 pandemic (189 patients/month vs. 264 patients/month) than before it.Notably, the proportion of patients with stages 3 or 4 GC in 2021 was higher among men and patients aged ≥40 years. @*Conclusions@#During the COVID-19 pandemic, the overall number of GC diagnoses decreased significantly in a single institute. Moreover, GCs were in more advanced stages at the time of diagnosis. Further studies are required to elucidate the relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and the delay in the detection of GC worldwide.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 671-683, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976709

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Even though pazopanib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been approved for refractory soft tissue sarcoma (STS), little is known about the molecular determinants of the response to pazopanib. We performed integrative molecular characterization to identify potential predictors of pazopanib efficacy. @*Materials and Methods@#We obtained fresh pre-treatment tumor tissue from 35 patients with advanced STS receiving pazopanib-based treatment. Among those, 18 (51.4%) received pazopanib monotherapy, and the remaining 17 (48.6%) received pazopanib in combination with durvalumab, programmed death-ligand 1 blockade. Whole-exome and transcriptome sequencing were performed for each tumor and patient germline DNA. @*Results@#Of the 35 patients receiving pazopanib-based treatment, nine achieved a partial response (PR), resulting in an objective response rate (ORR) of 27.3%, and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 6.0 months. Patients with CDK4 amplification (copy ratio tumor to normal > 2) exhibited shorter PFS (3.7 vs. 7.9 months, p=2.09×10–4) and a poorer response (ORR; 0% vs. 33.3%) compared to those without a gene amplification (copy ratio ≤ 2). Moreover, non-responders demonstrated transcriptional activation of CDK4 via DNA amplification, resulting in cell cycle activation. In the durvalumab combination cohort, seven of the 17 patients (41.2%) achieved a PR, and gene expression analysis revealed that durvalumab responders exhibited high immune/stromal cell infiltration, mainly comprising natural killer cells, compared to non-responders as well as increased expression of CD19, a B-cell marker. @*Conclusion@#Despite the limitation of heterogeneity in the study population and treatment, we identified possible molecular predictors of pazopanib efficacy that can be employed in future clinical trials aimed at evaluating therapeutic strategies.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1-9, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913817

ABSTRACT

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is becoming essential in the fields of precision oncology. With implementation of NGS in daily clinic, the needs for continued education, facilitated interpretation of NGS results and optimal treatment delivery based on NGS results have been addressed. Molecular tumor board (MTB) is multidisciplinary approach to keep pace with the growing knowledge of complex molecular alterations in patients with advanced solid cancer. Although guidelines for NGS use and MTB have been developed in western countries, there is limitation for reflection of Korea’s public health environment and daily clinical practice. These recommendations provide a critical guidance from NGS panel testing to final treatment decision based on MTB discussion.

5.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 819-831, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763114

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Identification of biomarkers to predict recurrence risk is essential to improve adjuvant treatment strategies in stage II/III gastric cancer patients. This study evaluated biomarkers for predicting survival after surgical resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This post-hoc analysis evaluated patients from the CLASSIC trial who underwent D2 gastrectomywith orwithout adjuvant chemotherapy (capecitabine plus oxaliplatin) at the Yonsei Cancer Center. Tumor expressions of thymidylate synthase (TS), excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1), and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) were evaluated by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining to determine their predictive values. RESULTS: Among 139 patients, IHC analysis revealed high tumor expression of TS (n=22, 15.8%), ERCC1 (n=23, 16.5%), and PD-L1 (n=42, 30.2%) in the subset of patients. Among all patients, high TS expression tended to predict poor disease-free survival (DFS; hazard ratio [HR], 1.80; p=0.053), whereas PD-L1 positivity was associated with favorable DFS (HR, 0.33; p=0.001) and overall survival (OS; HR, 0.38; p=0.009) in multivariate Cox analysis. In the subgroup analysis, poor DFS was independently predicted by high TS expression (HR, 2.51; p=0.022) in the adjuvant chemotherapy subgroup (n=66). High PD-L1 expression was associated with favorable DFS (HR, 0.25; p=0.011) and OS (HR, 0.22; p=0.015) only in the surgery-alone subgroup (n=73). The prognostic impact of high ERCC1 expression was not significant in the multivariate Cox analysis. CONCLUSION: This study shows that high TS expression is a predictive factor for worse outcomes on capecitabine plus oxaliplatin adjuvant chemotherapy, whereas PD-L1 expression is a favorable prognostic factor in locally advanced gastric cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Capecitabine , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Disease-Free Survival , DNA Repair , Immunohistochemistry , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Stomach Neoplasms , Thymidylate Synthase
6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1-11, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719724

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We conducted a randomized, multicenter, phase III trial to compare S-1 plus docetaxel (DS) with S-1 plus cisplatin (SP) as adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III gastric cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stage III gastric cancer patients who had received curative gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy were randomized into equal groups to receive adjuvant chemotherapy of eight cycles of DS (S-1 70 mg/m2/day on days 1-14 plus docetaxel 35 mg/m2on days 1 and 8) every 3 weeks or SP (S-1 70 mg/m2/day on days 1-14 plus cisplatin 60 mg/m2on day 1) every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. RESULTS: Between November 2010 and July 2013, 153 patients (75 patients to DS and 78 patients to SP) were enrolled from 8 institutions in Korea. After the capecitabine plus oxaliplatin was approved based on the CLASSIC study, itwas decided to close the study early. With a median follow-up duration of 56.9 months, the 3-year DFS rate between two groups was not significantly different (49.14% in DS group vs. 52.5% in SP group). The most common grade 3-4 adverse event was neutropenia (42.7% in DS and 38.5% in SP, p=0.351). SP group had more grade 3-4 anemia (1.3% vs. 11.5%, p=0.037), whereas grade 3-4 hand-foot syndrome (4.1% vs. 0%, p=0.025) and mucositis (10.7% vs. 2.6%, p=0.001) were more common in DS group. Fifty-one patients (68%) in DS group and 52 (66.7%) in SP group finished planned treatment. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that SP or DS is an effective and tolerable option for patients with curatively resected stage III gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia , Capecitabine , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cisplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Hand-Foot Syndrome , Korea , Lymph Node Excision , Mucositis , Neutropenia , Stomach Neoplasms
7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1380-1391, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763222

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is a rare type of cancer, accounting for 1% of adult solid cancers. The aim of the present study is to determine the incidence of localized and advanced STS in Korean patients, their treatment patterns, and the survival of patients by disease status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The STS patient cohort was defined using National Health Insurance Service medical data from 2002 to 2015. Incidence, distribution, anatomical location of tumors, survival rates (Kaplan-Meyer survival function) and treatment patterns were analyzed by applying different algorithms to the STS cohort containing localized and advanced STS cases. RESULTS: A total of 7,813 patients were diagnosed with STS from 2007 to 2014, 4,307 were localized STS and 3,506 advanced STS cases. The total incidence of STS was 2.49 per 100,000 person- years: 1.37 per 100,000 person-years for localized STS and 1.12 per 100,000 person-years for advanced STS. The 5-year survival rate after diagnosis was 56.4% for all STS, 82.4% for localized, and 27.2% for advanced STS. Half of the advanced STS patients (49.98%) received anthracycline-containing chemotherapy as initial treatment after diagnosis. CONCLUSION: This study provides insights into localized and advanced STS epidemiology, treatment patterns and outcomes in Korea, which could be used as fundamental data in improving clinical outcomes of STS patients in the future.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Incidence , Korea , National Health Programs , Sarcoma , Survival Rate
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1049-1056, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718036

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Local recurrence is the most common cause of failure in retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma patients after surgical resection. Postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) is infrequently used due to its high complication risk. We investigated the efficacy of PORT using modern techniques in patients with retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients, who underwent surgical resection for non-metastatic primary retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma at the Yonsei Cancer Center between 1994 and 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-eight (47.5%) patients received PORT: three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy in 29 and intensity-modulated radiotherapy in nine patients. Local failure-free survival (LFFS), overall survival (OS), and RT-related toxicities were investigated. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 37.1 months (range, 5.8–207.9). Treatment failure occurred in 47 (58.8%) patients including local recurrence in 33 (41.3%), distant metastasis in eight (10%), and both occurred in six (7.5%) patients. The 2-year and 5-year LFFS rates were 63.9% and 47.9%, respectively. The 2-year and 5-year OS rates were 87.5% and 71.1%. The 5-year LFFS rate was significantly higher in PORT group than in no-PORT group (74.2% vs. 24.3%, p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, PORT was the only independent prognostic factor for LFFS. However, there was no significant correlation between RT dose and LFFS. OS showed no significant difference between the two groups. Grade ≤2 acute toxicities were observed in 63% of patients, but no acute toxicity ≥grade 3 was observed. CONCLUSION: PORT using modern technique markedly reduced local recurrence in retroperitoneal sarcoma patients, with low toxicity. The optimal RT technique, in terms of RT dose and target volume, should be further investigated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma , Treatment Failure
9.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 383-390, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713534

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Because of rarity, role of chemotherapy of bladder adenocarcinoma are still unidentified. Therefore, we performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical features and chemotherapy outcomes of bladder adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Eligible patients for this retrospective analysis were initially diagnosed with bladder adenocarcinoma and presented with a clinically no other primary site of origin. The collected data included age, gender, performance status, stage, hemoglobin, albumin, initial date of diagnosis, treatment modality utilized, response to treatment, presence of relapse, last status of patient, and last date of follow-up. RESULTS: We retrospectively reviewed 29 patients, who were treated with chemotherapy for bladder adenocarcinoma at 10 Korean medical institutions from 2004 to 2014. The median age of patients was 58 years (range, 17 to 78) and 51.7% of the patients were female. Urachal adenocarcinoma was identified in 15 patients. Of 27 symptomatic patients, 22 experienced gross hematuria. Twelve patients were treated with 5-f luorouracil based chemotherapy, five were gemcitabine based, three were taxane and others. Thirteen of them achieved complete response (10.3%) or partial response (34.5%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for all patients were 10.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.5 to 11.6) and 24.5 months (95% CI, 1.2 to 47.8), respectively. The cases of urachal adenocarcinoma exhibited worse tendency in PFS and OS (p = 0.024 and p = 0.046, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Even though bladder adenocarcinoma had been observed moderate effectiveness to chemotherapy, bladder adenocarcinoma is a highly aggressive form of bladder cancer. PFS and OS were short especially in urachal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Gynecology , Hematuria , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder
10.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 717-726, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167296

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are a rare subtype of sarcoma that occur spontaneously or in association with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). This study aimed to clinically differentiate these types of MPNSTs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study reviewed 95 patients diagnosed with and treated for MPNST at Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Korea over a 27-year period. The clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, and treatment outcomes of sporadic MPNST (sMPNST) and NF-1 associated MPNST (NF-MPNST) cases were compared. RESULTS: Patients with NF-MPNST had a significantly lower median age (32 years vs. 45 years for sMPNST, p=0.012), significantly larger median tumor size (8.2 cm vs. 5.0 cm for sMPNST, p < 0.001), and significantly larger numbers of imaging studies and surgeries (p=0.004 and p < 0.001, respectively). The 10-year overall survival (OS) rate of the patients with MPNST was 52±6%. Among the patients with localized MPNST, patients with NF-MPNST had a significantly lower 10-year OS rate (45±11% vs. 60±8% for sMPNST, p=0.046). Univariate analysis revealed the resection margin, pathology grade, and metastasis to be significant factors affecting the OS (p=0.001, p=0.020, and p < 0.001, respectively). Multivariate analysis of the patients with localized MPNST identified R2 resection and G1 as significant prognostic factors for OS. CONCLUSION: NF-MPNST has different clinical features from sMPNST and requires more careful management. Further study will be needed to develop specific management plans for NF-MPNST.


Subject(s)
Humans , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neurilemmoma , Neurofibromatoses , Neurofibromatosis 1 , Pathology , Sarcoma , Seoul
11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 553-560, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72541

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: While the Trastuzumab for Gastric Cancer (ToGA) trial demonstrated the efficacy and safety of trastuzumab-based chemotherapy in HER2-positive metastatic gastric cancer, the overall survival (OS) benefit was not found in Asian and diffuse-type cancer patients. The aim of the study is to investigate predictive markers for trastuzumab-based chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of patients with HER2-positive gastric cancer treated with trastuzumab-based chemotherapy were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 168 Asian patients were included. The median age was 60 years (range, 27 to 85 years) and the male:female ratio was 118 (70.2%):50 (29.8%). Fourteen (8.3%), 63 (37.5%), 75 (44.6%), and 11 (6.5%) patients had well, moderately, poorly-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma and signet ring cell carcinoma, respectively. With 14 complete responses and 73 partial responses, the response rate was 50.6%. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.7 to 11.7), and the median OS was 18.5 months (95% CI, 16.4 to 50.6). Next, we investigated the effect of poorly-differentiated histology (PDH, poorly-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma+signet ring cell carcinoma) on clinical outcomes. The median PFS (8.9 months vs. 11.5 months, p=0.16) was slightly inferior in PDH patients, and the median OS was significantly shorter in PDH patients (14.6 months vs. 19.0 months, p=0.025). CONCLUSION: While subset analysis of the ToGA trial demonstrated that trastuzumab-based chemotherapy may not be beneficial for Asians and patients with PDH, our data may suggest that even in Asian patients and patients with PDH, trastuzumab-based chemotherapy could be associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with HER2-positive gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Asian People , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Ethnicity , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1286-1292, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109748

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of mammalian target rapamycin inhibitors in Korean patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) with chronic renal insufficiency not requiring dialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Korean patients with mRCC and chronic renal insufficiency not requiring dialysis treated with everolimus or temsirolimus between January 2008 and December 2014 were included. Patient characteristics, clinical outcomes, and toxicities were evaluated. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) durations were evaluated according to the degree of renal impairment. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were considered eligible for the study (median age, 59 years). The median glomerular filtration rate was 51.5 mL/min/1.73 m². The best response was partial response in six patients and stable disease in 11 patients. The median PFS and OS durations were 8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 0 to 20.4) and 32 months (95% CI, 27.5 to 36.5), respectively. The most common non-hematologic and grade 3/4 adverse events included stomatitis, fatigue, flu-like symptoms, and anorexia as well as elevated creatinine level. CONCLUSION: Mammalian target rapamycin inhibitors were efficacious and did not increase toxicity in Korean patients with mRCC and chronic renal insufficiency not requiring dialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anorexia , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Creatinine , Dialysis , Disease-Free Survival , Everolimus , Fatigue , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Renal Insufficiency , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Sirolimus , Stomatitis , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
13.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 781-789, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74285

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is no standard second-line regimen for malignant melanoma patients with disease progression after first-line chemotherapy, and platinum-alkylating agents combined with paclitaxel have shown modest efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a phase II, open-label, single-arm study to test the efficacy of docetaxel combined with carboplatin for malignant melanoma patients who failed previous treatment with dacarbazine. Intravenous docetaxel (35 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 of each cycle) and carboplatin (area under the curve 3 on days 1 and 8 of each cycle) was administered every 21 days. Primary end point was objective response rate (ORR). RESULTS: Thirty patients were enrolled in the study, and the median follow-up duration was 19.8 months. Among 25 per-protocol patients, there were three responders (1 with complete response and 2 with partial response) and 17 stable disease patients (ORR, 12.0%). Among the per-protocol population, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.3 months and the median overall survival (OS) was 9.6 months. Uveal melanoma patients (n=9) showed the best prognosis compared to other subtypes (median PFS, 7.6 months; OS, 9.9 months). The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse event was neutropenia (n=15, 50.0%). CONCLUSION: Docetaxel combined with carboplatin showed association with an acceptable safety profile and overall efficacy for patients with malignant melanoma who had progressed on chemotherapy containing dacarbazine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carboplatin , Dacarbazine , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Melanoma , Neutropenia , Paclitaxel , Prognosis
14.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 9-17, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20381

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pediatric-type sarcomas such as rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), Ewing sarcoma (EWS), primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), and desmoplastic small round-cell tumor (DSRCT) are rare in adults, with limited studies on their prognosis and optimal treatment strategies. We aimed to examine the outcome of children and adult patients with RMS, EWS, PNET, and DSRCT and relevant prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 220 pediatric-type sarcoma patients at a single institution between 1985 and 2011. Comparisons were made in order to examine differences in demographics, disease characteristics, and survival. Survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: A total of 220 consecutive patients were identified at our institute. Median age was 15.6 years (range, 0 to 81 years) and there were 108 children (49%) and 112 adult patients (51%). According to histological classification, 106 patients (48.2%) had RMS, 60 (27.3%) had EWS, 50 (22.7%) had PNET, and 4 (1.8%) had DSRCT. With a median follow-up period of 6.6 years, the estimated median overall survival (OS) of all patients was 75 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 27.2 to 122.8 months) and median event-free survival (EFS) for all patients was 11 months (95% CI, 8.8 to 13.2 months). No significant difference in OS and EFS was observed between adults and children. In multivariate analysis, distant metastasis (hazard ratio [HR], 1.617; 95% CI, 1.022 to 2.557; p=0.040) and no debulking surgery (HR, 1.443; 95% CI, 1.104 to 1.812; p=0.012) showed independent association with worse OS. CONCLUSION: Metastatic disease and no surgical treatment are poor prognostic factors for OS among pediatric-type sarcomas for both adults and children.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Classification , Demography , Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Rhabdomyosarcoma , Sarcoma , Sarcoma, Ewing
15.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 438-443, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-652299

ABSTRACT

Despite the rarity of primary bone tumors, osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma are the most common primary malignant bone tumors in children and adolescents. Multiagent chemotherapy regimens for neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment remarkably improved the survival outcome for patients with osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma, therefore, most patients are now limb-salvage candidates. However, survival rate reached a plateau for last decades and is still unsatisfactory in the metastatic and relapse setting. Therefore, as seen in denosumab in giant cell tumor, further clinical trials based on molecular mechanism are warranted. This article reviews the current state of the art of systemic chemotherapy by focusing on the clinical heterogeneity of each subtype.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Drug Therapy , Giant Cell Tumors , Osteosarcoma , Population Characteristics , Recurrence , Sarcoma, Ewing , Survival Rate , Denosumab
16.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 141-147, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106248

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) of the kidney is an aggressive disease with a poor prognosis, accountings for less than 1% of all renal cancers. To date, no standard therapy for CDC has been established. The aim of this study is an investigation of clinicopathologic findings of CDC and correlation of the disease status with a prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1996 to 2009, 35 patients with CDC were treated at eight medical centers. The diagnosis of CDC was made based on nephrectomy in 27 cases and renal biopsy in eight cases. RESULTS: Median PFS and OS for all patients were 5.8 months (95% CI 3.5 to 9.2) and 54.4 months (95% CI 0 to 109.2), respectively. The OS of patients with Stages I-III was 69.9 months (95% CI 54.0 to 85.8), while that of patients with Stage IV was 8.6 months (95% CI 0 to 23.3), which showed a statistically significant difference (p=0.01). In addition, among patients with Stage IV, the OS of patients who received a palliative treatment (immunotherapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy) was 18.4 months, which was higher than the OS of patients without treatment of 4.5 months. CONCLUSION: CDC is a highly aggressive form of renal cell carcinoma. Despite most of the treatments, PFS and OS were short, however, there were some long-term survivors, therefore, conduct of additional research on the predictive markers of the several clinical, pathological differences and their treatments will be necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Gynecology , Kidney , Kidney Neoplasms , Nephrectomy , Palliative Care , Prognosis , Survivors
17.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 246-249, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-105985

ABSTRACT

Ifosfamide-induced Fanconi syndrome is a rare complication that typically occurs in young patients due to a cumulative dose of ifosfamide > 40-60 g/m2, a reduction in kidney mass, or concurrent cisplatin treatment. It is usually characterized by severe and fatal progression accompanied by type II proximal renal tubular dysfunction, as evidenced by glycosuria, proteinuria, electrolyte loss, and metabolic acidosis. Diabetes insipidus is also a rare complication of ifosfamide-induced renal disease. We herein describe a case involving a 61-year-old man who developed ifosfamide-induced Fanconi syndrome accompanied by diabetes insipidus only a few days after the first round of chemotherapy. He had no known risk factors. In addition, we briefly review the mechanisms and possible therapeutic options for this condition based on other cases in the literature. Patients who receive ifosfamide must be closely monitored for renal impairment to avoid this rare but fatal complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acidosis/chemically induced , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/adverse effects , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Diabetes Insipidus/chemically induced , Fanconi Syndrome/chemically induced , Fatal Outcome , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/drug therapy , Ifosfamide/adverse effects , Neoadjuvant Therapy/adverse effects , Time Factors
18.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : S17-S21, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141203

ABSTRACT

Radiation recall dermatitis refers to an acute inflammatory reaction in a previously irradiated field triggered by the administration of certain drugs days to years after the exposure to radiation. Gefitinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor and is an effective treatment for patients with advanced stage of non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we report a rare case of gefitinib induced radiation recall dermatitis. A 52-year-old woman with a metastatic NSCLC had received a palliative radiation therapy of 20 cGy on spine metastasis area (C6-T6). After 24 days of receiving radiation therapy, she had started to take gefitinib. Eight months after taking drug, pain, swelling and erythema of skin were occurred on previously irradiated field. These symptoms were resolved after the cessation of gefitinib for 6 days and the topical use of steroid.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Erythema , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Radiodermatitis , ErbB Receptors , Skin , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Spine
19.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : S17-S21, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141202

ABSTRACT

Radiation recall dermatitis refers to an acute inflammatory reaction in a previously irradiated field triggered by the administration of certain drugs days to years after the exposure to radiation. Gefitinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor and is an effective treatment for patients with advanced stage of non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we report a rare case of gefitinib induced radiation recall dermatitis. A 52-year-old woman with a metastatic NSCLC had received a palliative radiation therapy of 20 cGy on spine metastasis area (C6-T6). After 24 days of receiving radiation therapy, she had started to take gefitinib. Eight months after taking drug, pain, swelling and erythema of skin were occurred on previously irradiated field. These symptoms were resolved after the cessation of gefitinib for 6 days and the topical use of steroid.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Erythema , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Radiodermatitis , ErbB Receptors , Skin , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Spine
20.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 43-49, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213350

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The combination of gemcitabine and docetaxel (GD) is used to effectively treat patients with soft tissue sarcoma (STS). It is widely considered that the conventional doses used are too high for long term use and many patients must discontinue GD treatment due to its toxicity. Therefore, to determine the appropriate dose meeting acceptable efficacy results, while minimizing toxic side effects, we treated patients with a weekly infusion of GD (weekly GD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 22 patients presenting a variety of STSs were treated at Yonsei Cancer Center. All patients had metastatic or recurrent cancer and had previously received doxorubicin and ifosfamide combination chemotherapy. In all cases, gemcitabine (1,000 mg/m2) and docetaxel (35 mg/m2) were administered intravenously on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of these patients. RESULTS: The response rate was 4.5%, with one patient diagnosed with leiomyosarcoma having a partial response, and the disease control rate was 40.9%. The median progression-free survival (PFS) duration was 2.7 months and the PFS was correlated with the treatment response to a weekly GD. The median overall survival (OS) duration was 7.8 months and the OS was correlated with histology. There was no significant difference in OS between patients who received weekly GD as a 2nd line chemotherapy and those who received 3rd line or more. Treatment was generally well tolerated. CONCLUSION: Weekly GD was well tolerated and showed moderate efficacy, indicating that this could be a reasonable option as a salvage treatment for metastatic STS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deoxycytidine , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ifosfamide , Leiomyosarcoma , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma , Taxoids
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