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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926962

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Previous studies have reported the protective effects of tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) on gastric epithelial cells in some animal models, but the precise mechanisms are unclear. This study examined the effects of TUDCA on NF-κB signaling in gastric epithelial cells. Moreover, the protective effects of TUDCA in experimental gastritis models induced by ethanol and NSAID were evaluated and compared with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). @*Methods@#After a pretreatment with TUDCA or UDCA, human gastric epithelial MKN-45 cells were stimulated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α to activate NF-κB signaling. A real-time PCR (RT-PCR) for human interleukin (IL)-1 mRNA was performed. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and immunoblot analyses were carried out. In murine models, after a pretreatment with TUDCA or UDCA, ethanol and indomethacin were administered via oral gavage. Macroscopic and microscopic assessments were performed to evaluate the preventive effects of TUDCA and UDCA on murine gastritis. @*Results@#A pretreatment with TUDCA downregulated the IL-1α mRNA levels in MKN-45 cells stimulated with TNF-α, as assessed by RT-PCR. As determined using EMSA, a pretreatment with TUDCA reduced the TNF-α-induced NF-κB DNA binding activity. A pretreatment with TUDCA inhibited IκBα phosphorylation induced by TNF-α, as assessed by immunoblot analysis. TUDCA attenuated the ethanol-induced and NSAID-induced gastritis in murine models, as determined macroscopically and microscopically. @*Conclusions@#TUDCA inhibited NF-κB signaling in gastric epithelial cells and ameliorated ethanol- and NSAID-induced gastritis in murine models. These results support the potential of TUDCA for the prevention of gastritis in humans.

2.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 234-239, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925779

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The efficacy of propofol in gastrointestinal endoscopy for patients with midazolam-induced paradoxical reactions remains unclarified. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of propofol-based sedation in patients who previously experienced paradoxical reactions. @*Methods@#This was a prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled pilot study. Participants with a history of paradoxical reactions to midazolam during a previous esophagogastroduodenoscopy were recruited and randomly assigned to group I (propofol monosedation) or group II (combination of propofol and midazolam). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a paradoxical reaction. @*Results@#A total of 30 participants (mean age, 54.7±12.6 years; male, 19/30) were randomly assigned to group I (n=16) or group II (n=14). There were no paradoxical reactions in group I, but there were two in group II, without a significant difference (p=0.209). The mean dose of propofol was higher in group I than in group II (p=0.002). Meanwhile, the procedure and recovery times did not differ between groups. @*Conclusions@#Propofol-based sedation was safe and effective for patients who experienced paradoxical reactions to midazolam. However, caution is needed because few cases of paradoxical reaction again can happen in group II in which midazolam was readministered.

3.
Gut and Liver ; : 269-276, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924995

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The protective effects of vitamin D and calcium on colorectal neoplasms are known. Bone mineral density (BMD) may be a reliable biomarker that reflects the long-term anticancer effect of vitamin D and calcium. This study aimed to evaluate the association between BMD and colorectal adenomas including high-risk adenoma. @*Methods@#A multicenter, cross-sectional, case-control study was conducted among participants with average risk of colorectal cancer who underwent BMD and screening colonoscopy between 2015 and 2019. The main outcome was the detection of colorectal neoplasms. The variable under consideration was low BMD (osteopenia/osteoporosis). The logistic regression model included baseline demographics, components of metabolic syndrome, fatty liver disease status, and aspirin and multivitamin use. @*Results@#A total of 2,109 subjects were enrolled. The mean age was 52.1±10.8 years and 42.6% were male. The adenoma detection rate was 43%. Colorectal adenoma and high-risk adenoma were both more prevalent in subjects with low BMD than those with normal BMD (48.2% vs 38.8% and 12.1% vs 9.1%). In the univariate analysis, old age, male sex, smoking, metabolic components, fatty liver, and osteoporosis were significantly associated with the risk of adenoma and high-risk adenoma. In the multivariate analysis, osteoporosis was independently associated with risk of colorectal adenoma (odds ratio [OR], 1.65; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11 to 2.46; p=0.014) and high-risk adenoma (OR, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.14 to 3.29; p=0.014). @*Conclusions@#Osteoporosis is an independent risk factor of colorectal adenoma and high-risk adenoma

4.
Intestinal Research ; : 121-129, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834403

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Dietary fiber intake is considered a protective factor for diverticular disease such as diverticulitis. However, evidence for an inverse connection between dietary fiber consumption and asymptomatic colonic diverticulosis is lacking. Specifically, few studies have investigated this subject in Asians with different presentations of diverticulosis. Therefore, we assessed the protective effects of a vegetarian diet for asymptomatic colonic diverticulosis in Buddhist monks who are obligatory vegetarians for spiritual reasons compared with the general population. @*Methods@#A retrospective, cross-sectional, case-control study was conducted in age- and sex-matched Buddhist monks and the general population who underwent colonoscopy for screening at a Korean health promotion center from August 2005 to June 2018. We compared the prevalence of asymptomatic diverticulosis between the 2 groups using a self-administered questionnaire. @*Results@#In this study, a total of 1,316 individuals were included (Buddhist monks of 658 and general population of 658) with a mean age of 52.6±9.5 years. The prevalence of asymptomatic diverticulosis in Buddhist monks was lower compared with the general population (6.7% [44/658] vs. 10.8% [71/658], P=0.008). Buddhist monks had a higher rate of high body mass index (BMI) and metabolic syndrome. By a multivariate regression analysis model, a nonvegetarian diet (odds ratio [OR], 1.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.21–2.72, P=0.004), old age (OR, 4.53; 95% CI, 1.36–15.12; P=0.014), male sex (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.28–2.85; P=0.002), and a high BMI (OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.01–2.23; P=0.047) were independent predictors of asymptomatic diverticulosis. Moreover, a nonvegetarian diet was associated with both right-sided and left-sided diverticulosis. @*Conclusions@#A nonvegetarian diet may increase a risk of asymptomatic colonic diverticulosis in Asians.

5.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 568-574, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832203

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The quality of bowel preparation is one of the quality indicators for colonoscopy. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of oral sulfate solution (OSS) and polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid (PEG-AA) for bowel preparation. @*Methods@#The study involved 167 patients who underwent diagnostic colonoscopies. Inadequate bowel preparation was defined as any score of ≤1 in each colon section based on the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale. Multivariate logistic regression was used to compare the efficacy of OSS and PEG-AA. Subgroup analyses were performed based on patient characteristics. @*Results@#Overall, 106 (63.5%) patients received OSS, and 61 (36.5%) patients received PEG-AA. The rate of inadequate bowel preparation was 12.3% in patients receiving OSS and 32.8% in patients receiving PEG-AA (p=0.001). OSS (odds ratio [OR] = 0.26; p=0.003) and morning examination (OR=0.11; p=0.038) were significantly associated with efficient bowel preparation. The efficacy of OSS compared with PEG-AA was only significant in patients ≥50 years of age vs. <50 years of age (OR=0.13; p=0.001 vs. OR=0.96; p=0.959) and female vs. male patients (OR=0.06; p=0.002 vs. OR=0.58; p=0.339). @*Conclusions@#OSS was significantly more efficient for bowel preparation than PEG-AA, especially in patients ≥50 years of age and female patients. Morning examination led to a good quality of bowel preparation, irrespective of the preparation regimen.

6.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 562-567, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832201

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Combination of midazolam and opioids is used widely for endoscopic sedation. Compared with meperidine, fentanyl is reportedly associated with rapid recovery, turnover rate of endoscopy room, and quality of endoscopy. We compared fentanyl with meperidine when combined with midazolam for sedative colonoscopy. @*Methods@#A retrospective, cross-sectional, 1:2 matching study was conducted. Induction and recovery time were compared as the primary outcomes. Moreover, cecal intubation time, withdrawal time, total procedure time of colonoscopy, paradoxical reaction, adenoma detection rate, and adverse effect of midazolam or opioids were assessed as the secondary outcomes. @*Results@#A total of 129 subjects (43 fentanyl vs. 86 meperidine) were included in the analysis. The fentanyl group showed significantly more rapid induction time (4.5±2.7 min vs. 7.5±4.7 min, p<0.001), but longer recovery time (59.5±25.6 min vs. 50.3±10.9 min, p=0.030) than the meperidine group. In multivariate analysis, the induction time of the fentanyl group was 3.40 min faster (p<0.001), but the recovery time was 6.38 min longer (p=0.046) than that of the meperidine group. There was no difference in withdrawal time and adenoma detection rate between the two groups. @*Conclusions@#The fentanyl group had more rapid sedation induction time but longer recovery time than the meperidine group.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761565

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Korean National Cancer Screening Program recommends biennial gastric cancer screening for patients aged ≥40 years. This study compared the characteristics of asymptomatic young gastric cancer patients aged <40 years, whose cancer was detected during a health checkup (screening group), with those whose disease was detected because of symptoms (diagnostic group). METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from 84 subjects who underwent a gastroduodenoscopy before the age of 40 years and who were diagnosed with gastric cancer from January 2006 to February 2017 in three tertiary centers in Korea. The clinicopathological characteristics, including age, sex, stage, location, pathology, and survival, were compared according to the purpose of endoscopy (screening group, n=23 vs. diagnostic group, n=61). RESULTS: The median age of the screening group was higher than that of the diagnostic group (37 vs. 35 years, p=0.027), as was the proportion of early gastric cancer cases (78.3% vs. 29.5%, p<0.01), curative endoscopic treatment or operation rate (95.7% vs. 52.5%, p<0.01), and the overall survival (p<0.01). Poorly differentiated or signet ring cell carcinoma was less common in the screening group than in the diagnostic group (56.5% vs. 83.6%, p=0.006). The sex ratio, smoking status, family history of gastric cancer, Helicobacter pylori infection status, and tumor location were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Screening gastroduodenoscopy may enable the early detection of gastric cancer and prolong survival in patients <40 years of age.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Early Detection of Cancer , Endoscopy , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Korea , Mass Screening , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sex Ratio , Smoke , Smoking , Stomach Neoplasms , Young Adult
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761529

ABSTRACT

The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing among young adults in several countries including the United States. Early-onset colorectal cancer (EO-CRC) is heterogenous group and appears to have a distinct clinical, pathologic, and molecular presentation compared to CRC diagnosed in older patients. EO-CRC patients tend to be diagnosed at later stage and with symptomatic disease. Tumors arise predominantly in the distal colon and rectum and have poorer histological features. Microsatellite and chromosome stable molecular pathway is frequently observed in EO-CRC. Survival data of EO-CRC is conflicting and younger patients tend to be treated more aggressively. It is important to identify high risk and have them screened appropriately to address increasing EO-CRC. Screening and treatment strategies for EO-CRC should be developed through further investigation of molecular mechanism and various environmental risk factors. In Korea, EO-CRC and late-onset CRC have both declined in recent several years, probably due to many screening colonoscopies in young population. Close observation and analysis of EO-CRC in Korea is necessary.


Subject(s)
Colon , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening , Microsatellite Repeats , Rectum , Risk Factors , United States , Young Adult
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Korean National Cancer Screening Program recommends biennial gastric cancer screening for patients aged ≥40 years. This study compared the characteristics of asymptomatic young gastric cancer patients aged <40 years, whose cancer was detected during a health checkup (screening group), with those whose disease was detected because of symptoms (diagnostic group).METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from 84 subjects who underwent a gastroduodenoscopy before the age of 40 years and who were diagnosed with gastric cancer from January 2006 to February 2017 in three tertiary centers in Korea. The clinicopathological characteristics, including age, sex, stage, location, pathology, and survival, were compared according to the purpose of endoscopy (screening group, n=23 vs. diagnostic group, n=61).RESULTS: The median age of the screening group was higher than that of the diagnostic group (37 vs. 35 years, p=0.027), as was the proportion of early gastric cancer cases (78.3% vs. 29.5%, p<0.01), curative endoscopic treatment or operation rate (95.7% vs. 52.5%, p<0.01), and the overall survival (p<0.01). Poorly differentiated or signet ring cell carcinoma was less common in the screening group than in the diagnostic group (56.5% vs. 83.6%, p=0.006). The sex ratio, smoking status, family history of gastric cancer, Helicobacter pylori infection status, and tumor location were similar in the two groups.CONCLUSIONS: Screening gastroduodenoscopy may enable the early detection of gastric cancer and prolong survival in patients <40 years of age.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Early Detection of Cancer , Endoscopy , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Korea , Mass Screening , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sex Ratio , Smoke , Smoking , Stomach Neoplasms , Young Adult
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787177

ABSTRACT

The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing among young adults in several countries including the United States. Early-onset colorectal cancer (EO-CRC) is heterogenous group and appears to have a distinct clinical, pathologic, and molecular presentation compared to CRC diagnosed in older patients. EO-CRC patients tend to be diagnosed at later stage and with symptomatic disease. Tumors arise predominantly in the distal colon and rectum and have poorer histological features. Microsatellite and chromosome stable molecular pathway is frequently observed in EO-CRC. Survival data of EO-CRC is conflicting and younger patients tend to be treated more aggressively. It is important to identify high risk and have them screened appropriately to address increasing EO-CRC. Screening and treatment strategies for EO-CRC should be developed through further investigation of molecular mechanism and various environmental risk factors. In Korea, EO-CRC and late-onset CRC have both declined in recent several years, probably due to many screening colonoscopies in young population. Close observation and analysis of EO-CRC in Korea is necessary.


Subject(s)
Colon , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening , Microsatellite Repeats , Rectum , Risk Factors , United States , Young Adult
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738962

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent Korean studies performed over the past few decades have shown diminishing efficacy and unacceptability of clarithromycin-based triple therapy as first-line eradication therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection, based on evidence of a declining eradication rate. Triple therapy continues to be used as first-line eradication therapy despite concerns regarding high clarithromycin resistance among Koreans. Patient compliance and acid suppression are important factors associated with the H. pylori eradication rate. We investigated whether regular administration of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) 30 minutes before a meal can improve the eradication rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 316 patients who were treated with first-line triple therapy (PPI, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin) for H. pylori infection between January 2012 and September 2017. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the time of administration of the PPI (group A: before a meal, group B: after a meal). The urea breath test was performed 4~6 weeks after eradication of infection. RESULTS: Notably, 249 patients (78.8%, 249/316) showed successful eradication. The eradication rates in groups A and B were 87.5% (49/56 patients) and 76.9% (200/260 patients), respectively. We observed that regular administration of PPI before meals improved the eradication rate (P=0.079). CONCLUSIONS: We observed that although clarithromycin-based triple therapy was associated with an overall eradication rate <80%, regular PPI administration before meals improved the eradication rate. Regular PPI administration before meals and effective education to improve patient compliance could improve the eradication rate through maximal acid suppression.


Subject(s)
Amoxicillin , Breath Tests , Clarithromycin , Education , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Meals , Patient Compliance , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Proton Pumps , Protons , Retrospective Studies , Urea
12.
Intestinal Research ; : 502-503, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715867

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Colonoscopy , Humans
13.
Gut and Liver ; : 133-139, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gallbladder polyps (GBP) are a common clinical finding and may possess malignant potential. We conducted this study to determine whether visceral obesity is a risk factor for GBP. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of subjects who received both ultrasonography and computed tomography with measurements of the areas of visceral adipose tissue and total adipose tissue (TAT) on the same day as health checkups. RESULTS: Ninety-three of 1,615 subjects (5.8%) had GBP and were compared with 186 age- and sex-matched controls. VAT (odds ratio [OR], 2.941; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.325 to 6.529; p=0.008 for the highest quartile vs the lowest quartile) and TAT (OR, 3.568; 95% CI, 1.625 to 7.833; p=0.002 for the highest quartile vs the lowest quartile) were independent risk factors together with hypertension (OR, 2.512; 95% CI, 1.381 to 4.569; p=0.003), diabetes mellitus (OR, 2.942; 95% CI, 1.061 to 8.158; p=0.038), hepatitis B virus positivity (OR, 3.548; 95% CI, 1.295 to 9.716; p=0.014), and a higher level of total cholesterol (OR, 2.232; 95% CI, 1.043 to 4.778; p=0.039 for or =240 mg/dL). Body mass index and waist circumference were not meaningful variables. CONCLUSIONS: Visceral obesity measured by VAT and TAT was associated with GBP irrespective of body mass index or waist circumference.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Cholesterol/blood , Diabetes Complications , Female , Gallbladder Diseases/blood , Hepatitis B/complications , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Obesity, Abdominal/blood , Odds Ratio , Polyps/blood , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81476

ABSTRACT

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is found in various organs as extranodal B cell lymphoma. The gastrointestinal tract is the most commonly involved extranodal site in MALT lymphoma. However, primary esophageal MALT lymphoma is very rare. In addition, few cases with metachronous gastric involvement have been reported. A 55-year-old man was diagnosed with MALT lymphoma by surveillance esophagogastroduodenoscopy. A 5 cm esophageal submucosal tumor-like lesion was incidentally revealed by screening esophagogastroduodenoscopy two years prior. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a cylindrically elongated submucosal mass with normal overlying mucosa in the mid esophagus. He underwent surgery to confirm the diagnosis. The pathologic diagnosis was esophageal MALT lymphoma. He was treated with radiation, which achieved complete remission. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and chest computed tomography were performed every three to six months, with no evidence of recurrence for 18 months. After 21 months, several elevated gastric erosions were found on the great curvature and posterior sides of the midbody and confirmed as MALT lymphoma pathologically. Here we report a case with MALT lymphoma metachronously involving the esophagus and stomach.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagus , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Mass Screening , Middle Aged , Mucous Membrane , Recurrence , Stomach , Thorax
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107939

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: For more than a decade, triple therapy (proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, clarithromycin) has been the first line eradication regimen for Helicobacter pylori infection in Korea. However, recent studies have proven that its' efficacy is no longer tolerable due to increased resistance of antibiotics. This study is aimed to investigate the current status of triple therapy, quadruple therapy and dual therapy as first line regimen for H. pylori infection in single medical center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients who received urea breath test after first line eradication therapy from August 2011 to November 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into three groups according to the first line treatment regimen; triple therapy (proton pump inhibitor (PPI)+clarithromycin+amoxicillin), quadruple therapy (PPI+bismuth+tetracycline+metronidazole), dual therapy (PPI+amoxicillin). RESULTS: A total of 557 patients were reviewed and 429 patients (77.0%) had successful eradication. Among 511 patients who received triple therapy, the eradication rates were 77.1% (394 patients). Eradication rates were 95.2% among quadruple therapy group. Dual therapy group had exceptionally low eradication rates (60.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Even though triple therapy has been recommended as first line regimen in Korea, eradication rates were below 80%. Quadruple therapy as first line regimen showed promising future reaching over 90% eradication rates. However, due to the small number of patients in our study, further studies are necessary to estimate usefulness of quadruple therapy as first line regimen.


Subject(s)
Amoxicillin , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Breath Tests , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Korea , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Urea
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gallbladder polyps (GBP) are a common clinical finding that can express malignant potential. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether vegetarianism protects against GBP, together with other putative risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted with subjects who received a health check-up from July 2005 to December 2011. Korean Buddhist priests, who are obligatory vegetarians by religious belief, were identified as vegetarians (vegetarian group) and compared with a non-vegetarian control group sampled from those coming for health check-ups at the same institution. RESULTS: Out of 18,483 subjects, GBP were found in 810 (4.4%). Although GBP tended to be less common in the vegetarian group (23 [3.5%] out of 666) than in control group (787 [4.4%] out of 17,817), the difference was insignificant statistically (p=0.233). By logistic regression, old age (OR=1.61, 95% CI=1.19-2.26 for 30-39 years; OR=1.47, 95% CI=1.08-1.98 for 40-49 years), male gender (OR=1.51, 95% CI=1.31-1.75), high BMI (OR=1.18, 95% CI=1.00-1.39 for > or =23.0 kg/m2 and <25.0 kg/m2) and HBsAg positivity (OR=1.53, 95% CI=1.19-1.98) were independent risk factors of GBP. CONCLUSIONS: GBP was significantly associated with old age, male gender, high BMI and HBsAg positivity, but not with vegetarianism.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Gallbladder Diseases/diagnosis , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Polyps/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Vegetarians
19.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 187-193, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142439

ABSTRACT

Upper gastrointestinal (GI) stents are increasingly being used to manage upper GI obstructions. Initially developed for palliative treatment of esophageal cancer, upper GI stents now play an emerging role in benign strictures of the upper GI tract. Because recurrent obstruction and stent-related complications are common, new modifications of stents have been implemented. Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) have replaced older plastic stents. In addition, newly designed SEMS have been developed to prevent complications. This review provides an overview of the various types, indications, methods, complications, and clinical outcomes of upper GI stents in a number of malignant and benign disorders dividing the esophagus and gastroduodenum.


Subject(s)
Constriction, Pathologic , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagus , Palliative Care , Plastics , Stents , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
20.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 187-193, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142438

ABSTRACT

Upper gastrointestinal (GI) stents are increasingly being used to manage upper GI obstructions. Initially developed for palliative treatment of esophageal cancer, upper GI stents now play an emerging role in benign strictures of the upper GI tract. Because recurrent obstruction and stent-related complications are common, new modifications of stents have been implemented. Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) have replaced older plastic stents. In addition, newly designed SEMS have been developed to prevent complications. This review provides an overview of the various types, indications, methods, complications, and clinical outcomes of upper GI stents in a number of malignant and benign disorders dividing the esophagus and gastroduodenum.


Subject(s)
Constriction, Pathologic , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagus , Palliative Care , Plastics , Stents , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
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