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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903639

ABSTRACT

Gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a low-grade lymphoma with a long median survival time because of its low proliferation rate. A 75-year-old man was referred to the hospital for hematemesis. Upper endoscopy revealed a 30-mm subepithelial tumor (SET). Abdominal CT and EUS revealed a homogeneously hypoechoic lesion arising from the second layer of the stomach, without distant metastasis. Laparoscopic wedge resection was performed. On microscopic examination, the tumor showed diffuse aggregation of small lymphoid cells with abnormal architecture. Neoplastic cells showed positive reactivity for CD20 and prominent lymphoepithelial lesions were observed. The urease breath test was also conducted, with a negative result. Our final diagnosis was Helicobacter pylori-negative MALT lymphoma (Ann Arbor classification IE2), which is a rapidly growing SET pattern. This case highlights the importance of including gastric MALT lymphoma as a differential diagnosis for rapidly growing gastric SETs.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895935

ABSTRACT

Gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a low-grade lymphoma with a long median survival time because of its low proliferation rate. A 75-year-old man was referred to the hospital for hematemesis. Upper endoscopy revealed a 30-mm subepithelial tumor (SET). Abdominal CT and EUS revealed a homogeneously hypoechoic lesion arising from the second layer of the stomach, without distant metastasis. Laparoscopic wedge resection was performed. On microscopic examination, the tumor showed diffuse aggregation of small lymphoid cells with abnormal architecture. Neoplastic cells showed positive reactivity for CD20 and prominent lymphoepithelial lesions were observed. The urease breath test was also conducted, with a negative result. Our final diagnosis was Helicobacter pylori-negative MALT lymphoma (Ann Arbor classification IE2), which is a rapidly growing SET pattern. This case highlights the importance of including gastric MALT lymphoma as a differential diagnosis for rapidly growing gastric SETs.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787237

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to identify the demographic and clinical factors associated with positive breath-test results and to assess the relationship between hydrogen and methane production in patients with suspected irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).METHODS: The demographic and clinical factors of 268 patients with suspected IBS, who had undergone a lactulose breath test, were analyzed.RESULTS: Of 268 patients included in this study, 143 (53.4%) were females. The median age and BMI of the patients was 58.0 years (range, 18.0–80.0 years) and 22.5 kg/m² (range, 14.4–34.3 kg/m²), respectively. A weak positive correlation was observed between the BMI and baseline hydrogen level (rho=0.134, p=0.031). Women were significantly more likely to show a ≥20 ppm increase in hydrogen within 90 min (early hydrogen increase, p=0.049), a ≥10 ppm increase in methane within 90 min (early methane increase, p=0.001), and a ≥10 ppm increase in methane between 90 min and 180 min (late methane increase, p=0.002) compared to men. The baseline hydrogen level was related to the baseline methane level (rho=0.592, p<0.001) and the maximal hydrogen level within 90 min was related to maximal methane level within 90 min (rho=0.721, p<0.001). Patients with an early hydrogen increase (43.8%) were more likely to show a positive result for an early methane increase compared to patients without an early increase in hydrogen (0%, p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Women were associated with high rates of positive lactulose breath-test results. In addition, methane production was correlated with hydrogen production.


Subject(s)
Breath Tests , Female , Humans , Hydrogen , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Lactulose , Male , Methane , Sex Characteristics
4.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 185-190, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101518

ABSTRACT

Leiomyomatosis refers to benign smooth muscle cell tumors that often arise from unusual growth patterns and include benign metastasizing leiomyoma, disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis, and intravenous leiomyomatosis. Intravenous leiomyomatosis is the extension of a vascular tumor into the venous channels, whereas disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is characterized by multiple leiomyomas growing along the submesothelial tissues of the abdominopelvic peritoneum. It is extremely rare for intravenous leiomyomatosis and disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis to occur simultaneously. A 42-year-old female presented with disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis and intravenous leiomyomatosis extended through the inferior vena cava into the right side of the heart. The patient underwent one-stage surgery under simultaneous sternotomy and laparotomy, and radical excision of the tumor was achieved using cardiopulmonary bypass. Here we describe a case in which complete removal of a leiomyomatosis with an unusual growth pattern was successfully performed using one-stage surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Female , Heart , Humans , Laparotomy , Leiomyoma , Leiomyomatosis , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Peritoneum , Sternotomy , Vena Cava, Inferior
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147032

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of dry eye syndrome (DES) among clean room (relative humidity < or =1%) workers from 2011 to 2013. METHODS: Three annual DES examinations were performed completely in 352 clean room workers aged 20-40 years who were working at a secondary battery factory. Each examination comprised the tear-film break-up test (TFBUT), Schirmer's test I, slit-lamp microscopic examination, and McMonnies questionnaire. DES grades were measured using the Delphi approach. The annual examination results were analyzed using a general linear model and post-hoc analysis with repeated-ANOVA (Tukey). Multiple logistic regression was performed using the examination results from 2013 (dependent variable) to analyze the effect of years spent working in the clean room (independent variable). RESULTS: The prevalence of DES among these workers was 14.8% in 2011, 27.1% in 2012, and 32.8% in 2013. The TFBUT and McMonnies questionnaire showed that DES grades worsened over time. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that the odds ratio for having dry eyes was 1.130 (95% CI 1.012-1.262) according to the findings of the McMonnies questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: This 3-year trend suggests that the increased prevalence of DES was associated with longer working hours. To decrease the prevalence of DES, employees should be assigned reasonable working hours with shift assignments that include appropriate break times. Workers should also wear protective eyewear, subdivide their working process to minimize exposure, and utilize preservative-free eye drops.


Subject(s)
Dry Eye Syndromes , Environment, Controlled , Humidity , Linear Models , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Ophthalmic Solutions , Prevalence
6.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 429-433, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149408

ABSTRACT

A 71-year-old woman who had suffered from pulmonary thromboembolism with deep vein thrombosis for 12 years presented the hospital with a huge thoracic aortic aneurysm. During thoracic endovascular therapy, she had a sudden coronary artery occlusion without having organized stenosis or plaque rupture even under the dual antiplatelet treatment and heparinization. She turned out to be having a protein S deficiency. A procedure related thrombotic adverse event in patient with protein S deficiency is very rare, so we report a case with literature review.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Thrombosis , Coronary Vessels , Endovascular Procedures , Female , Heparin , Humans , Protein S Deficiency , Pulmonary Embolism , Rupture , Venous Thrombosis
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121331

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The extent of the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) has been used as the genetic parameter for the classification and staging of some solid tumors. Breast cancers such as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and invasive and metastatic lesions, are frequently observed to contain heterogeneous tumor foci. To delineate the relation between the LOH and the progression of breast cancers, three successive histological sites in a tumor lesion were analyzed for LOH events. METHODS: We tested 111 tumor site including DCIS, and invasive, and metastatic lymph nodes from 50 breast cancers for LOH using 5 microsatellite makers on 8 chromosomal arms (3p, 4p, 5q, 8p, 9p, 13q, 17p, & 18q). RESULTS: Twenty-four of 34 breast cancers showing intratumoral histological heterogeneity had common chromosomal losses in the heterogeneous tumor sites, as well as having divergent losses that were restricted to a part of tumor lesion (mean divergent loss, 2.32). The number and frequency of heterogeneous chromosomal losses were not significantly related with age, tumor size, and stage. Overall, at least one chromosomal loss was detected in 48 cases, and incidences of LOH in each chromosome were 27.1~63.3%. A large fraction (58%) of breast cancer patients had 2 to 4 chromosomal losses, and chromosome 8p was most frequently lost (63%). When comparing the number of chromosomal losses in nine cases with all of three progressive lesions, the lost extent was greater in the DCIS (mean losses, 4.44) than in the invasive sites (mean losses, 3.1) and the metastatic lymph nodes (mean losses, 2.9). Moderate-level chromosomal losses involving 3-5 chromosomes were significantly related with lymph node metastasis (p=0.006) and the advanced tumor stage (p<0.005), whereas low-level losses involving 1~2 chromosomes and high-level losses involving 6~7 chromosomes were more common in DCIS and early-stage diseases. CONCLUSION: The DCIS, invasive, and metastatic sites of a breast cancer patient contained common and divergent chromosomal losses. This indicates the concurrent expansion of different subclones was derived from a common ancestor clone, in which an optimal range of chromosomal losses, rather than high-level chromosomal losses, was more frequently associated with lymph node metastasis and the advanced tumor stages.


Subject(s)
Arm , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Classification , Clone Cells , Humans , Incidence , Loss of Heterozygosity , Lymph Nodes , Microsatellite Repeats , Neoplasm Metastasis , Population Characteristics
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