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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915475

ABSTRACT

Background@#Meniscal tears are commonly observed in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), however, clinical significance of such lesions detected by magnetic resonance imaging is in many cases unclear. This study aimed to determine the clinical effectiveness of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) compared with non-operative care in patients with knee OA.Method: We used existing systematic reviews with updates of latest studies. Three randomized controlled studies were selected, where two studies compared the effects of APM plus physical therapy (PT) with PT alone and one compared APM alone and PT alone. While 1 study exclusively included OA patients, 2 studies included 21.1 and 12% of patients with no radiographic OA. Patients with knee locking were unanimously excluded. @*Results@#Upon comparison of APM plus PT and PT alone, there was no significant difference observed in knee function, physical activity, or adverse events. Knee pain was observed to be significantly lower in the APM plus PT group at 6 months, but there was no difference between the two groups at 12 and 24 months. With respect to the comparison between APM alone and PT alone, PT was non-inferior based on the criteria for knee function during 24 months; however, knee pain was significantly reduced in the APM alone group. @*Conclusions@#Our study showed that knee pain was significantly improved in the APM group compared to non-operative care group at 6 months and over 24 months. Our result was based on only 3 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) revealing a significant knowledge gap, hence demanding more high-quality RCTs in OA patients.

2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901119

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To report a satisfactory clinical outcome of hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst with retinal detachment after pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil injection. Case summary: A 33-year-old man visited our clinic with a 1-week history of visual disturbance in his left eye. His ocular and medical history were unremarkable, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the left eye was 20/40. Fundoscopic examination of the left eye showed a hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst that was well-demarcated, semi-transparent, dome-shaped, and larger than 8 disc diameters at the superonasal location, with macular-off retinal detachment. B-scan ultrasonography also confirmed the presence of an intra-retinal cystic lesion with internal mobile echogenic signals representing blood. The patient underwent 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy, barrier laser photocoagulation around the retinal tear and boundary of the cyst, and silicone oil injection, without any other additional procedures for the hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst. After the surgery, the patient stayed in the face down position for two weeks. Three months postoperatively, a completely collapsed hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst with successful retinal reattachment was observed. Six months later, the BCVA in the left eye had improved to 20/30. One year later, even after silicon oil removal, the collapsed hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst and reattached retina remained stable. @*Conclusions@#A hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst with retinal detachment was successfully treated with pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893415

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To report a satisfactory clinical outcome of hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst with retinal detachment after pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil injection. Case summary: A 33-year-old man visited our clinic with a 1-week history of visual disturbance in his left eye. His ocular and medical history were unremarkable, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the left eye was 20/40. Fundoscopic examination of the left eye showed a hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst that was well-demarcated, semi-transparent, dome-shaped, and larger than 8 disc diameters at the superonasal location, with macular-off retinal detachment. B-scan ultrasonography also confirmed the presence of an intra-retinal cystic lesion with internal mobile echogenic signals representing blood. The patient underwent 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy, barrier laser photocoagulation around the retinal tear and boundary of the cyst, and silicone oil injection, without any other additional procedures for the hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst. After the surgery, the patient stayed in the face down position for two weeks. Three months postoperatively, a completely collapsed hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst with successful retinal reattachment was observed. Six months later, the BCVA in the left eye had improved to 20/30. One year later, even after silicon oil removal, the collapsed hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst and reattached retina remained stable. @*Conclusions@#A hemorrhagic retinal macrocyst with retinal detachment was successfully treated with pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918858

ABSTRACT

Successful cases of the implant-assisted removable partial denture and implant overdentures are reported in which a few implants are additionally placed to secure the maintenance, support, and stability of the denture when there are a few residual teeth. When the lateral force applied to the tooth abutment and implant surveyed crown is minimized, the horizontal and rotational movement of the denture is significantly reduced which is an effective method that can improve the address in patients who complain of reduced retention and stability of their dentures. In this case, a small number of implants were placed to fabricate an implant-assisted removable partial denture with implant surveyed crown in the maxilla and implant overdenture with Locator® attachment in the mandible to improve the retention, stability, and support of the dentures. The patient was satisfied with both functional and aesthetic aspects after the final dentures were delivered.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875444

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To explore the associations between body composition and pain, disease activity, and disability in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). @*Methods@#The study enrolled 335 patients with RA and underwent body composition measurement with an InBody analyzer. The associations of body mass index (BMI), body fat mass, and skeletal muscle mass with disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28), an index derived to measure the subjective component of DAS28 (DAS28-P), a pain visual analogue scale (VAS), and disability measured with the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) were explored. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 @*Results@#The median (interquartile range) disease duration was 6 years (3.5 to 9) and the mean DAS28 score was 3.6 ± 1.1. The mean BMI was 23.6 ± 3.6 kg/m2 and 109 patients (32.5%) were obese. Compared with non-obese patients, obese patients had a higher C-reactive protein (1.68 mg/dL vs. < 0.1 mg/dL, p = 0.013), higher pain VAS score (40 vs. 35, p = 0.031), and higher DAS28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate score (3.75 ± 1.18 vs. 3.46 ± 1.11, p = 0.031). In multivariate regression analysis, the DAS28 score in females was positively associated with the current steroid dose, body fat mass, and HAQ score, while the HAQ score in females was associated with older age, DAS28, lower skeletal muscle mass, and higher body fat/skeletal muscle ratio. In the multivariate regression analysis, the DAS28-P score in females was positively associated with body fat/skeletal muscle ratio and HAQ. @*Conclusions@#Body composition, such as the body fat mass and body fat/skeletal muscle ratio, is significantly associated with disease activity and disability in female RA patients.

6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913265

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) is a scleroderma-like immune-allergic disorder of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. This rare disease is characterized by the progressive induration of the skin and soft tissue, and peripheral eosinophilia. Here, we report a case of EF. A 21-year-old female was referred due to edema in the upper and lower extremities for 1 month. Laboratory results were unremarkable except for severe eosinophilia. Parasite infestation, venous thrombosis, and cardiac and renal problems were excluded. Magnetic resonance imaging of both the lower extremities revealed symmetrical thickening and contrast enhancement of crural fascia with adjacent subcutaneous fat infiltration. A full-thickness biopsy at the lower extremity showed infiltration of the fascia by eosinophils, plasma cells, and lymphocytes with marked edema. Thus, this patient was confirmed to have EF and she was treated with systemic corticosteroids, resulting in a remarkable improvement in both edema and eosinophilia.

7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901479

ABSTRACT

About 30~50% COVID-19 hospital inpatients is reported to have mild clinical presentation, and the clinical course is known to be good even in the older population. In order to compare the clinical symptoms of mild patients with COVID-19 infection by age, the clinical symptoms and laboratory results were analyzed by dividing mild patients admitted to a dedicated hospital into three groups: under the age of 64, 65-84, and above 85 years of age.There was no difference in gender ratio by age among 555 mild cases. Concomitant diseases with significant differences by age were hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and coronary artery disease.Among the symptoms, cough and sore throat were different by age, and cough was significantly higher in the group under 64 years of age. Among the symptoms, cough and sore throat were different by age, and cough was significantly higher in the group under 64 years of age.The white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil count, monocyte, blood sugar, procalcitonin, and creatinine were significantly higher in the 85 years old or older group, and the hemoglobin, albumin, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were significantly lower in the 85 years old or older group.

8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893775

ABSTRACT

About 30~50% COVID-19 hospital inpatients is reported to have mild clinical presentation, and the clinical course is known to be good even in the older population. In order to compare the clinical symptoms of mild patients with COVID-19 infection by age, the clinical symptoms and laboratory results were analyzed by dividing mild patients admitted to a dedicated hospital into three groups: under the age of 64, 65-84, and above 85 years of age.There was no difference in gender ratio by age among 555 mild cases. Concomitant diseases with significant differences by age were hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and coronary artery disease.Among the symptoms, cough and sore throat were different by age, and cough was significantly higher in the group under 64 years of age. Among the symptoms, cough and sore throat were different by age, and cough was significantly higher in the group under 64 years of age.The white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil count, monocyte, blood sugar, procalcitonin, and creatinine were significantly higher in the 85 years old or older group, and the hemoglobin, albumin, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were significantly lower in the 85 years old or older group.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811200

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Phosphorylated ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (pS6K1) is a major downstream regulator of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Recent studies have addressed the role of S6K1 in adipogenesis. pS6K1 may affect the outcome of estrogen depletion therapy in patients with hormone-sensitive breast cancer due to its association with adipogenesis and increased local estrogen levels. This study aimed to investigate the potential of pS6K1 as a predictive marker of adjuvant aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy outcome in postmenopausal or ovarian function-suppressed patients with hormone-sensitive breast cancer.METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed in postmenopausal or ovarian function-suppressed patients with estrogen receptor-positive and node-positive primary breast cancer. pS6K1 expression status was scored on a scale from 0 (negative) to 3+ (positive) based on immunohistochemical analysis.RESULTS: A total of 428 patients were eligible. The median follow-up duration was 44 months (range, 1–90). In patients with positive pS6K1 expression, AIs significantly improved disease-free survival (DFS) compared to selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) (5 year-DFS: 83.5% vs. 50.7%, p = 0.016). However, there was no benefit of AIs on DFS in the pS6K1 negative group (5 year-DFS 87.6% vs. 91.4%, p = 0.630). On multivariate analysis, AI therapy remained a significant predictor for DFS in the pS6K1 positive group (hazard ratio, 0.39; 95% confidence interval, 0.16–0.96; p = 0.041). pS6K1 was more effective in predicting the benefit of AI therapy in patients with ages < 50 (p = 0.021) compared to those with ages ≥ 50 (p = 0.188).CONCLUSION: pS6K1 expression may predict AI therapy outcomes and serve as a potential predictive marker for adjuvant endocrine therapy in postmenopausal and ovarian function-suppressed patients with hormone-sensitive breast cancer. AIs may be more effective in patients with pS6K1 positive tumors, while SERM could be considered an alternative option for patients with pS6K1 negative tumors.


Subject(s)
Adipogenesis , Aromatase Inhibitors , Aromatase , Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Estrogens , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases , Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators , Sirolimus , Tamoxifen
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1265-1272, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833567

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We investigated the prevalence of pneumonia in novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients using chest radiographs to identify the characteristics of those with initially negative chest radiographs, who were positive for pneumonia on follow-up. @*Materials and Methods@#Retrospective cohort data of 236 COVID-19 patients were reviewed. Chest radiography was performed on admission, with serial radiographs obtained until discharge. The ‘positive conversion group’ was defined as patients whose initial chest radiographs were negative but were positive for pneumonia during follow-up. Patients with initially positive chest radiographs were defined as the ‘initial pneumonia group.’ Patients with negative initial and follow-up chest radiographs were defined as the ‘non-pneumonia group.’ Clinical and laboratory findings were compared between groups, and predictors of positive conversion were investigated. @*Results@#Among 236 patients, 108 (45.8%) were in the non-pneumonia group, 69 (29.2%) were in the initial pneumonia group, and 59 (25%) were in the positive conversion group. The patients in the ‘initial pneumonia group’ and ‘positive conversion group’ were older, had higher C-reactive protein (CRP) and lactate dehydrogenase levels, and lower absolute lymphocyte counts than those in the ‘non-pneumonia group’ (all p 0.5 mg/dL (OR: 3.91, 95% CI: 1.54–9.91, p = 0.004) were independent predictors for future development of pneumonia. @*Conclusion@#More than a half of COVID-19 patients initially had normal chest radiographs; however, elderly patients (≥ 45 years of age) with abnormal laboratory findings (elevated CRP and low absolute lymphocyte counts) developed pneumonia on follow-up radiographs.

12.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 543-554, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833016

ABSTRACT

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread worldwide. Not just respiratory complications such as pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome, cardiac manifestations have drawn attention due to the increased risk of mortality and morbidity related to SARS-CoV-2 infections. The mechanisms of the cardiac injury related to SARS-CoV-2 infections have been direct cardiac injury caused by angiotensin converting enzyme 2, hypoxemia, microvascular damage, and a systemic inflammatory response. Stress induced cardiomyopathy in a critically ill condition and acute coronary syndrome due to a vulnerable plaque rupture with coagulopathy can finally lead to acute heart failure with further cardiac manifestations. When dealing with the highly contagious viral disease-related cardiac manifestations, we should carefully apply the diagnostic and therapeutic methods to achieve the best therapeutic results without adding any risk of disease transmission.

13.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832330

ABSTRACT

Background@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic that had affected more than eight million people worldwide by June 2020. Given the importance of the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) for host immunity, we retrospectively evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of moderate-to-severe COVID-19 in patients with diabetes. @*Methods@#We conducted a multi-center observational study of 1,082 adult inpatients (aged ≥18 years) who were admitted to one of five university hospitals in Daegu because of the severity of their COVID-19-related disease. The demographic, laboratory, and radiologic findings, and the mortality, prevalence of severe disease, and duration of quarantine were compared between patients with and without DM. In addition, 1:1 propensity score (PS)-matching was conducted with the DM group. @*Results@#Compared with the non-DM group (n=847), patients with DM (n=235) were older, exhibited higher mortality, and required more intensive care. Even after PS-matching, patients with DM exhibited more severe disease, and DM remained a prognostic factor for higher mortality (hazard ratio, 2.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.38 to 4.15). Subgroup analysis revealed that the presence of DM was associated with higher mortality, especially in older people (≥70 years old). Prior use of a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor or a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor did not affect mortality or the clinical severity of the disease. @*Conclusion@#DM is a significant risk factor for COVID-19 severity and mortality. Our findings imply that COVID-19 patients with DM, especially if elderly, require special attention and prompt intensive care.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832016

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which began in Wuhan, China, has rapidly flared up all over the world, evolving into a pandemic. During these critical times, we should give emphasis on infection prevention for the health care staff as well as appropriate patient management in order to maintain the health care system. We report our experience in protecting a surgical team from COVID-19 infection during a bipolar hemiarthroplasty in an infected patient. This case highlights the importance of appropriate protection of the health care staff and education in minimizing the risk of transmission of the infection and maintaining the health care system.

15.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831909

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#It is difficult to reach a social agreement on the appropriatelevel of compensation for professionals. This study was performed to examine thephysician fee embedded in the relative value unit (RVU) system in comparisonwith the Korean hourly minimum wage. @*Methods@#The Health Insurance Service Price and the Korean Classification ofProcedural Terminology were used to obtain the hourly wages of physicians fordesignated health care services. In addition, the physician fee schedule at theUnited States Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Organisationfor Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report on minimal wagewere used. Health care service fees were selected based on laboratory, pathology,imaging, and procedure codes as well as examination fees. For calculation of physicianlabor costs per hour, physician workload × conversion factor was divided bythe time involved. To calculate the proportion of physician labor fee in the totalfee, the physician workload RVU for each service fee was divided by the total RVU. @*Results@#A total of 27 physician fee codes were selected. Compared to the Koreanhourly minimum wage in 2015, the average physician wages were greater by 2.80-fold for primary care and by 3.05-fold for tertiary care. The mean proportion ofphysician labor cost in the total cost was 0.19, which was significantly lower thanthat of corresponding procedures in the United States RVU (mean, 0.48). @*Conclusions@#The average Korean physician wages compared to the hourly minimumwage were disproportionately low compared to the USA and other referenceOECD countries.

16.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831696

ABSTRACT

Background@#s: The severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread worldwide. Cardiac injury after SARS-CoV-2 infection is a major concern. The present study investigated impact of the biomarkers indicating cardiac injury in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on patients' outcomes. @*Methods@#This study enrolled patients who were confirmed to have COVID-19 and admitted at a tertiary university referral hospital between February 19, 2020 and March 15, 2020. Cardiac injury was defined as an abnormality in one of the following result markers: 1) myocardial damage marker (creatine kinase-MB or troponin-I), 2) heart failure marker (N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide), and 3) electrical abnormality marker (electrocardiography). The relationship between each cardiac injury marker and mortality was evaluated. Survival analysis of mortality according to the scoring by numbers of cardiac injury markers was also performed. @*Results@#A total of 38 patients with COVID-19 were enrolled. Twenty-two patients (57.9%) had at least one of cardiac injury markers. The patients with cardiac injuries were older (69.6 ± 14.9 vs. 58.6 ± 13.9 years old, P = 0.026), and were more male (59.1% vs. 18.8%, P = 0.013).They showed lower initial oxygen saturation (92.8 vs. 97.1%, P = 0.002) and a trend toward higher mortality (27.3 vs. 6.3%, P = 0.099). The increased number of cardiac injury markers was significantly related to a higher incidence of in-hospital mortality which was also evidenced by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (P = 0.008). @*Conclusion@#The increased number of cardiac injury markers is related to in-hospital mortality in patients with COVID-19.

17.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831627

ABSTRACT

Background@#The mortality risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is higher in patients with older age, and many elderly patients are reported to require advanced respiratory support. @*Methods@#We reviewed medical records of 98 patients aged ≥ 65 years who were hospitalized with COVID-19 during a regional outbreak in Daegu/Gyeongsangbuk-do province of Korea. The outcome measures were in-hospital mortality and the treatment with mechanical ventilation (MV) or high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC). @*Results@#The median age of the patients was 72 years; 55.1% were female. Most (74.5%) had at least one underlying condition. Overall case fatality rate (CFR) was 20.4%, and median time to death after admission was 8 days. The CFR was 6.1% among patients aged 65–69 years, 22.7% among those aged 70–79 years, and 38.1% among those aged ≥ 80 years. The CFR among patients who required MV was 43.8%, and the proportion of patients received MV/HFNC was 28.6%. Nosocomial acquisition, diabetes, chronic lung diseases, and chronic neurologic diseases were significant risk factors for both death and MV/HFNC. Hypotension, hypoxia, and altered mental status on admission were also associated with poor outcome. CRP > 8.0 mg/dL was strongly associated with MV/HFNC (odds ratio, 26.31; 95% confidence interval, 7.78–88.92; P < 0.001), and showed better diagnostic characteristics compared to commonly used clinical scores. @*Conclusion@#Patients aged ≥ 80 years had a high risk of requiring MV/HFNC, and mortality among those severe patients was very high. Severe initial presentation and laboratory abnormalities, especially high CRP, were identified as risk factors for mortality and severe hospital course.

18.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831571

ABSTRACT

There is still a paucity of studies on real-world outcome of screening clinic for hospital protection from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). As the number of COVID-19 cases was growing rapidly in Daegu, Korea, we started operating an active screening clinic outside the hospital premises. Over two weeks, 2,087 patients were screened using real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, with 42 confirmed cases. Before the screening clinic period, an average of 36 beds (maximum 67 beds) per day were closed due to unrecognized COVID-19 patients entering the hospital. In contrast, after the screening clinic operated well, only one event of closing emergency room (25 beds) occurred due to a confirmed COVID-19 case of asymptomatic patient. We report the operational process of screening clinic for COVID-19 and its effectiveness in maintaining the function of tertiary hospitals.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786143

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In Korea, short physician consultation time has been a cause of concern as it compromises the care provided. This study was aimed at finding the actual and optimal consultation time per patient for rheumatology outpatient clinic in Korea.METHODS: The surveys were prepared based on a study of the literature and consisted of multiple-choice questions as well as additional open questions. Surveys were conducted from November to February, 2018~2019. Rheumatologist members of the Korean College of Rheumatology were invited to complete the web-based survey as well as paper survey.RESULTS: The mean duration of consultation allocated to a new and an established patient was found to be 12.3 and 4.8 minutes, respectively, which corresponded to only 22%~35.3% of perceived optimal consultation time. On the other hand, the intrusion of physician autonomy for optimal patient care by the hospital executive was manifest such that only 4.7% responded discretion in allocating consultation time for patients and that 61.3% replied that they have been restrained from keeping the adequate outpatient clinic volumes. Sixty six percent of respondents replied that insufficient consultation time affects patient safety including errors in prescription.CONCLUSION: Rheumatology consultation time is very insufficient compared to optimal situation. A drastic change in health care policy promoting good quality of care, such as appropriate compensation which guarantees sufficient consultation time, as well as strong policy to control excessive profit-driven management policy of the hospitals is urgently needed.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Compensation and Redress , Delivery of Health Care , Hand , Humans , Korea , Patient Care , Patient Safety , Prescriptions , Quality of Health Care , Rheumatology , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837243

ABSTRACT

Fabrication of complete denture with suction mechanism was introduced to enhance the retention and stability of denture by sealing around the denture border by formingnegative pressure on the inner side of denture base during functional movement such as swallowing or masticating. Mandibular suction dentures reduce denture dislodgingforce during opening by taking preliminary impression without pressure on retromolar pad area in rest position. In this case, fabrication of complete denture using suctionmechanism for an edentulous patient with severe alveolar bone resorption allowed us to clinically enhance retention and stability of denture and improve satisfaction ofpatient. (J Korean Acad Prosthodont 2020;58:130-6)

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