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1.
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science ; : 1-10, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874727

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To verify the anti-microbiotic activity and to develop eco-friendly surface disinfectants using the Opuntia ficus-indica extract. @*Methods@#The stem and fruits of the Opuntia cultivated in Jeju Island were extracted with hot water, 70% EtOH and 100% MeOH, respectively. To examine the antimicrobial activity of the extracts, gram positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus), gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium), yeast (Candida albicans), mold (Aspergillus flavus) and antibiotic resistant bacteria (E. coli, S. aureus) were measured to form a clear zone. @*Results@#The antibacterial activity of the fruit extract was higher than that of the stem extract, and the antibacterial activity of the 100% MeOH (FM) extract and the 70% EtOH (FE) extract of the palm cactus fruit was suitable for the surface disinfectant overall, and clear-zone formed even at relatively low concentrations (250 mg/mL). The FM and FE have antibacterial activity against various bacteria, therefore they can be used as disinfectants. @*Conclusion@#The antimicrobial activity of Opuntia ficus-indica extract from Jeju Island by stem and fruit was determined at relatively low concentrations (250 mg/mL). The Opuntia ficus-indica extract will be useful for surface disinfectants dissolving the patients’ bath, oral gargling, and powdered powder in water or ethanol in appropriate concentrations.

2.
Korean Journal of Neurotrauma ; : 156-161, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918037

ABSTRACT

Although acute intracranial bleeding after burr hole drainage for chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) is rare, it could still occur and is associated with a poor clinical outcome. Although rare, most of them occur immediately or within a few days after drainage, especially in patients who are on antiplatelet drugs or anticoagulants. We report an unusual case of delayed-onset acute SDH that developed 14 days after burr hole drainage of chronic SDH in a 54-year-old man with liver cirrhosis and thrombocytopenia. The possible pathophysiological mechanisms of this rare entity are discussed, and the relevant literature is reviewed.

3.
Korean Journal of Neurotrauma ; : 118-125, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918024

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical and radiogrincaphic results of a hybrid surgery (HS) and cervical artificial disc replacement (ADR) for contiguous two-level cervical spondylosis. @*Methods@#A total of 56 patients with contiguous two-level degenerative cervical spondylosis who underwent cervical HS and ADR via an anterior approach and completed at least 6 years of follow-up were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: group I, comprising 22 patients who underwent ADR, and group II, comprising 34 patients who underwent HS combined ADR and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion using a cage.Clinical outcomes were evaluated based on the visual analog scale (VAS) scores for arm pain, neck disability index (NDI), and modified MacNab criteria. Radiological parameters were assessed by measuring the bone fusion status, cervical range of motion (ROM C2-C7), heterotopic ossification (HO), adjacent segment disease (ASD) incidence, and fused segment height (FSH). @*Results@#The VAS scores and NDI significantly improved in both groups, without significant differences between the groups. The incidences of HO, ROM C2–C7, and FSH were similar between groups, without significant differences. New osteophyte formation and osteophyte enlargement at adjacent segments were more frequently found in the HS group; however, the difference was not significant. @*Conclusion@#Clinical results of this study showed that the clinical efficacy and radiological changes in HS were similar to those of ADR. HS can be an alternative procedure for the treatment of two-level cervical spondylosis

4.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 8-15, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836278

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Hizikia fusiformis is widely used in oriental health food in Japan, China, and Korea, and is known for its anti-oxidation properties.Materials and Method: In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory effects and mechanisms of Hizikia fusiformis (H. fusiformis) extracts in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 cells. RAW 264.7 cells were incubated in the presence of different concentrations of the viscozyme component of H. fusiformis (1, 2, 5, and 10 μg/mL), and changes in expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (GM-CSF, iNOS, VEGF, and COX-2) were evaluated by real-time PCR and immunoblotting. In addition, the associated signaling pathway including phospho (p)-pNF-κB 65, p-pIkBa, p-p38, and p-p44/42 was also evaluated. @*Results@#The viscozyme component of H. fusiformis downregulated the expression of GM-CSF, iNOS, VEGF, and COX-2 mRNA. The augmented NO and ROS production was decreased by administration of H. fusiformis. The signal intensity of p-pNF-κB 65, p-pIkBa, p-p38, and p-p44/42 protein activated by LPS was ameliorated by administration of the viscozyme fraction in RAW 264.7 cells. @*Conclusion@#These results suggest that H. fusiformis has potential as a therapeutic agent for inflammatory diseases.

5.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 196-205, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The extract of Hizikia fusiformis is known to exhibit anticancer, antiatopic and antioxidant activities. We aimed to investigate the extract of H. fusiformis on allergic rhinitis inflammation in a mouse model. METHODS: The 4-week-old BALB/c mice were randomly assigned into four groups: group A, control group (n=9); group B, allergic rhinitis group (n=10); group C (n=10) received 300 mg/kg of H. fusiformis during nasal challenging period; group D (n=10) received 600 mg/kg of H. fusiformis during general sensitization period and 300 mg/kg of H. fusiformis during nasal challenging period. Allergic inflammation was made with ovalbumin (OVA) and alum then challenged intranasally with OVA. H. fusiformis was intraperitoneally administered 3 hours before the OVA administration. Allergic symptom score and the levels of immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1), IgG2a, OVA-specific IgE antibodies, levels of cytokines in the nasal mucosa and in spleen cell culture supernatant, such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-5, IL-13, and IL-10 were assessed. The percentage of regulatory T cell was analyzed by flow cytometry. Eosinophilic infiltration and goblet cell hyperplasia were also evaluated. RESULTS: H. fusiformis administered groups C and D showed significant inhibitory effects on nasal symptoms, IL-13 mRNA expression and eosinophil infiltration/goblet cell hyperplasia in the nasal tissue; OVA-specific IgE production in serum (P<0.05). In group D, H. fusiformis treatment downregulated IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, TNF-α, and IL-10 cytokine expression in splenocyte culture as well as significantly decreased IgG2a, IgG1 levels in serum compared with group B (P<0.05). However, the expressions of IL-5, interferon-γ and forkhead box P3 mRNA did not change in groups C and D. CONCLUSION: H. fusiformis could induce antiallergic inflammation by suppressing the T-helper type 2 cytokine production (IL-13) locally and systemically, OVA-specific IgE formation, goblet cell hyperplasia, and eosinophilic infiltration in a mouse model of allergic rhinitis. Thus, H. fusiformis could be considered as a potential therapeutic agent in treating allergic rhinitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antibodies , Cell Culture Techniques , Cytokines , Eosinophils , Flow Cytometry , Goblet Cells , Hyperplasia , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Inflammation , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-4 , Interleukin-5 , Nasal Mucosa , Ovalbumin , Ovum , Rhinitis, Allergic , RNA, Messenger , Spleen , Th2 Cells , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
6.
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 265-265, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715550

ABSTRACT

The editors of Nutrition Research and Practice (NRP) received a letter from a corresponding author who raised concerns regarding this paper. NRP's special committee on research ethics launched an investigation and identified that some of the paper's data is a duplicate of data in another article published by Parmacogn Mag and that these two articles were simultaneously published. The entire article has been retracted from NRP in accordance with NRP policy and editorial decision. This article has been retracted by agreement between the authors and YoonJu Song/Sang-Jin Chung (Editors-in-Chief).

7.
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 83-89, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108660

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in not only cancer development and metastasis but also non-cancerous conditions. Hypoxia is one of the proposed critical factors contributing to formation of chronic rhinosinusitis or nasal polyposis. Wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum) has antioxidant, anti-aging, and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we analyzed whether wheatgrass has an inhibitory effect on the EMT process in airway epithelial cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells were incubated in hypoxic conditions (CO₂ 5%/O₂ 1%) for 24 h in the presence of different concentrations of wheatgrass extract (50, 75, 100, and 150 µg/mL) and changes in expression of epithelial or mesenchymal markers were evaluated by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence. Accordingly, associated EMT-related transcriptional factors, Snail and Smad, were also evaluated. RESULTS: Hypoxia increased expression of N-cadherin and reduced expression of E-cadherin. Mechanistically, E-cadherin levels were recovered during hypoxia by silencing hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α or administering wheatgrass extract. Wheatgrass inhibited the hypoxia-mediated EMT by reducing the expression of phosphorylated Smad3 (pSmad3) and Snail. It suppressed the hypoxia-mediated EMT processes of airway epithelial cells via HIF-1α and the pSmad3 signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that wheatgrass has potential as a therapeutic or supplementary agent for HIF-1-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Hypoxia , Cadherins , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 , Immunoblotting , Lung , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sinusitis , Snails , Triticum
8.
Korean Journal of Nephrology ; : 470-475, 1993.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186928

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Lymphoma
9.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 533-541, 1993.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79807

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The restoration of anterograde flow in the infarct-related artery(IRA) may improve electrophysiological consequences and survival. Patients with occluded IRA are more likely than those with patent IRA to have late potentials on signal-averaged electrocardiogram(SAEKG). The natural history of late potentials in the acute phase after AMI was reported to vary in recent studies and requires further investigation. Therefore, we investigated 1) whether parameters of SAEKG and incidence of late potentials are changed in 2 weeks after AMI, and 2) whether the status of IRA, ejection fraction, ventricular premature beats(VPB) on Holter and the use of thrombolytic agent can influence the developement of late potentials. METHOD: SAEKGs were performed in 40 patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI, mean age : 56.6yr) and 20 normal controls(mean age : 53.0yr). SAEKGs were recorded first in 48 hours and then 2 weeks after AMI. Late potential were considered to be positive if two of the three following criteria were identified : 1) duration of filtered QRS complex>118ms, 2) duration of HFLA signal>40 ms, and 3) RMS voltage<20microV. RESULT: 1) The duration of filtered QRS complex and HFLA signal in patients with AMI in 48 hours and 2 weeks were longer than in the controls(p<0.01, p<0.05. respectively), and the RMS voltage in only 2 weeks was lower than in the controls(p<0.05). 2) There was no significant difference in the 3 parameters of SAEKG between 48 hours and 2 weeks after AMI, but the incidence of late potentials increased from 35%(14/40) to 42.5%(17/40). Of the 26 patients with a normal initial SAEKG, 3(11.5%) had late potentials in 2 weeks, whereas none of the patients with positive late potentials on initial SAEKG was normalized in 2 weeks. 3) The ejection fraction, the degree of VPB on the Holter EKG and the history of thrombolyic therapy in patients whose late potentials were positive were not different from those in patients with normal SAEKG. 4) In the 3 parameters of SAEKG, RMS voltage in patients with occluded IRA was significantly lower than in those with open IRA(p<0.05), and the incidence of late potentials were higher in the patients with occluded IRA(75%) than in those with open IRA(28.6%)(p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The incidence of late potentials on SAEKG after AMI was modestly increased in 2 weeks, but the development of late potentials was not influenced by the degree of frequently in patients with occluded IRA. These findings may indicate that the development of late potential after AMI tends to increase even in 2 weeks, and that the occlusion in IRA may unfavorably alter the electrophysiological state identified by SAEKG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries , Electrocardiography , Incidence , Myocardial Infarction , Natural History , Stroke Volume
10.
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