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1.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 871-878, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001818

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We assessed the clinical manifestations and prognostic factors associated with ocular infection in patients diagnosed with orbital and preseptal cellulitis. @*Methods@#We enrolled 40 patients diagnosed with ocular infection accompanied by orbital and preseptal cellulitis between October 2015 and December 2021. We divided patients into the “treatment success group” (patients whose infection resolved) and the “treatment failure group” (patients whose infection worsened and required evisceration). Clinical characteristics, such as infection-related ocular findings and microbiological features, were analyzed retrospectively in both groups. Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors associated with treatment failure. @*Results@#The mean age of patients was 72.8 ± 11.92 years, with 17 (42.5%) of them being male. Among the patients, 11 had bacterial infections, and 3 had fungal infections. In total, 6 (15%) and 34 (85%) patients were classified into the treatment success and failure groups, respectively. The chi-square test revealed a significant association between the treatment failure group and several clinical factors, such as low best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), the logarithm of the minimum angle resolution (logMAR) BCVA > 2, low intraocular pressure (IOP) 2, IOP < 5 mmHg, large size of the corneal lesion, and a prolonged duration of symptoms demonstrated significant association with treatment failure. Notably, hypopyon is an important prognostic factor for treatment failure.

2.
Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy ; : 116-124, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938477

ABSTRACT

Background@#High-alert medications (HAMs) are medications that bear a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm if used in error. To facilitate safe use of HAMs, identifying specific HAM lists for clinical setting is necessary. We aimed to develop the national level HAM list for acute care setting. @*Methods@#We used three-step process. First, we compiled the pre-existing lists referring HAMs. Second, we analyzed medication related incidents reported from national patient safety incident report data and adverse events indicating medication errors from the Korea Adverse Event Reporting System (KAERS).We also surveyed the assistant staffs to support patient safety tasks and pharmacist in charge of medication safety in acute care hospital. From findings from analysis and survey results we created additional candidate list of HAMs. Third, we derived the final list for HAMs in acute care settings through expert panel surveys. @*Results@#From pre-existing HAM list, preliminary list consisting of 42 medication class/ingredients was derived. Eight assistant staff to support patient safety tasks and 39 pharmacists in charge of medication safety responded to the survey. Additional 44 medication were listed from national patient safety incident report data, KAERS data and common medications involved in prescribing errors and dispensing errors from survey data. A list of mandatory and optional HAMs consisting of 10 and 6 medication classes, respectively, was developed by consensus of the expert group. @*Conclusion@#We developed national level HAM list for Korean acute care setting from pre-existing lists, analyzing medication error data, survey and expert panel consensus.

3.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 130-134, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902159

ABSTRACT

In the era of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), social distancing and strict visitation policies at hospitals have made it difficult for medical staff to provide high-quality endof-life (EOL) care to dying patients and their families. There are various issues related to EOL care, including psychological problems of patients and their families, difficulties in EOL decision-making, the complicated grief of the bereaved family, moral distress, and exhaustion of medical staff. In relation to these issues, we aimed to discuss practical considerations in providing high-quality EOL care in the COVID-19 pandemic. First, medical staff should discuss advance care planning as early as possible and use the parallel planning strategy. Second, medical staff should play a role in facilitating patient-family communication. Third, medical staff should actively and proactively evaluate and alleviate dying patients’ symptoms using non-verbal communication. Lastly, medical staff should provide care for family members of the dying patient, who may be particularly vulnerable to postbereavement problems in the COVID-19 era. Establishing a system of screening highrisk individuals for complicated grief and connecting them to bereavement support services might be considered. Despite the challenging and limited environment, providing EOL care is essential for patients to die with dignity in peace and for the remaining family to return to life after the loved one’s death. Efforts considering the practical issues faced by all medical staff and healthcare institutions caring for dying patients should be made.

4.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 130-134, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894455

ABSTRACT

In the era of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), social distancing and strict visitation policies at hospitals have made it difficult for medical staff to provide high-quality endof-life (EOL) care to dying patients and their families. There are various issues related to EOL care, including psychological problems of patients and their families, difficulties in EOL decision-making, the complicated grief of the bereaved family, moral distress, and exhaustion of medical staff. In relation to these issues, we aimed to discuss practical considerations in providing high-quality EOL care in the COVID-19 pandemic. First, medical staff should discuss advance care planning as early as possible and use the parallel planning strategy. Second, medical staff should play a role in facilitating patient-family communication. Third, medical staff should actively and proactively evaluate and alleviate dying patients’ symptoms using non-verbal communication. Lastly, medical staff should provide care for family members of the dying patient, who may be particularly vulnerable to postbereavement problems in the COVID-19 era. Establishing a system of screening highrisk individuals for complicated grief and connecting them to bereavement support services might be considered. Despite the challenging and limited environment, providing EOL care is essential for patients to die with dignity in peace and for the remaining family to return to life after the loved one’s death. Efforts considering the practical issues faced by all medical staff and healthcare institutions caring for dying patients should be made.

5.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 670-680, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715838

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare asparaginase-related toxicities in two asparaginase preparations, namely native Escherichia coli L-asparaginase (L-ASP) and pegylated asparaginase (PEG-ASP) in combination with ifosfamide, methotrexate, etoposide, and prednisolone (IMEP) in natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NTCL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 41 NTCL patients who received IMEP plus native E. coli L-ASP or PEG-ASP at Seoul National University Hospital were included in this study between January 2013 and March 2016. IMEP/ASP treatment consisted of ifosfamide, methotrexate, etoposide, plus native E. coli L-ASP (6,000 IU/m2 on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11) or PEG-ASP (2,500 IU/m2 on day 1) every 3 weeks. ASP-related toxicities, toxicity patterns, length of hospital stay, and clinical outcomes were compared between the different treatment groups. RESULTS: The frequency of ASP-related toxicities was similar between the IMEP plus native E. coli L-ASP group and the PEG-ASP group apart from hypofibrinogenemia (native E. coli L-ASP vs. PEG-ASP group, 86.4% vs. 36.8%; p=0.001). Although post-treatment transaminase and albumin levels were significantly high and low, respectively, hepatotoxicity gradients before and after treatment did not differ significantly between the groups. Since PEG-ASP was given at an outpatient clinic in some patients, length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in the IMEP plus PEG-ASP group (median, 4.0 vs. 6.0 days; p=0.002). A favorable tendency of clinical outcomes was observed in NTCL patients treated with IMEP plus PEG-ASP (complete remission rate, 73.7% vs. 45.5%; p=0.067). CONCLUSION: IMEP plus PEG-ASP showed similar ASP-related toxicities, shorter length of hospital stay, and a trend towards improved clinical outcomes compared with IMEP plus native E. coli L-ASP in NTCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Asparaginase , Escherichia coli , Escherichia , Etoposide , Ifosfamide , Length of Stay , Lymphoma , Methotrexate , Prednisolone , Seoul
6.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 222-223, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53847

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.

7.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 349-351, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93888

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Amyloidosis , Toes
8.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 84-86, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27280

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreatic Neoplasms
10.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 210-214, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25583

ABSTRACT

The Abbé-Estlander flap surgery is a cross-lip procedure that is valuable in repairing a defect on the lower lip using a full-thickness flap, consisting of the skin, muscle and mucosa, from the upper lip. As usefulness and practicality of the flap in reconstruction of lower lip surgical defects in Asian ethnicity have not been documented, the authors present a case of successful lower lip reconstruction with a staged, Abbé-Estlander lip switching flap with commissuroplasty as an illustrative example. A 71-year-old male has presented with an ulcerating lip nodule in the middle one third of the lower lip, measuring about 1.5×2 cm across its long and short axes. Wide excision of the tumor was followed by delineation of the triangular Abbé-Estlander flap from the upper lip, in which the medial hinge point of the base was chosen as the pedicle. Then, the flap elevation was carried out from the lateral commissure and then was transferred into the lower lip defect. Three weeks later, commissuroplasty was performed to correct the rounding at the new commissure. The patient is currently performing his daily activities with no apparent compromise in orbicularis oris strength or oral continence. Given the size of the primary defect and the flap-to-defect ratio of size, the degree of microstomia was acceptable. Even with other myriad of reconstructive options at surgeons' disposal, the Abbé-Estlander lip-switching flap is a reliable, and less morbid method of lower lip reconstruction for Asian surgical candidates. The authors illustrate an exemplary case in which a relatively large lower lip defect was successfully repaired using an upper lip flap of a significantly smaller size in an Asian subject of advanced age, without any remarkable long term sequelae which have traditionally been associated with the trans-oral lip switching flap technique.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Asian People , Lip Neoplasms , Lip , Methods , Microstomia , Mucous Membrane , Skin , Ulcer
11.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 312-314, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78052

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Mesothelioma , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pleura
12.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 1-5, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223558

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) often resort to the internet for disease-related information. We believe that dermatologists be informed about the current accessibility of information to patients and the potential for misleading patients into making poor treatment decisions. OBJECTIVE: The study was carried out in order to determine the nature of AD-related information available on the internet in Korea, and to identify any changes since our last survey in 2005. The quality of information offered and the involvement of medical doctors in certain websites were also investigated. METHODS: Taking into account the current search engine market share in Korea, we gathered all search results obtained from the three major search engines using the keyword 'atopy', and investigated the nature of the information retrieved. RESULTS: The search results showed less commercial sites than our previous study in 2005. There is a dramatic increase in the number of public bodies offering information about AD. In addition, the quality of information available online has improved since our last survey. CONCLUSION: The phenomenon of 'commercial overcrowding' seems to have stabilized. As AD becomes a more social phenomenon, patients are better informed than ever before. However, the information available on the internet still requires to be accompanied by consultation by dermatologists. We believe that self-regulation using a format such as the Health on the Net Foundation's code of conduct (HONcode) may improve the quality of online information accessible to patients with AD in Korea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dermatitis, Atopic , Health Resorts , Internet , Korea , Search Engine
13.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 613-616, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153532

ABSTRACT

Premature infants requiring an ophthalmic examination or even surgery for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) have a high prevalence of co-existing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Reactive airway is one of the clinical presentations of BPD. We report two cases of bronchoconstriction following instillation of mydriatic eye drops. One occurred during induction of anesthesia for laser photocoagulation and the other before screening of ROP. The most likely cause in each case was phenylephrine eye drops. We recommend that the minimal dosage of phenylephrine needed to attain proper mydriasis should be instilled to infant patients, and the possibility of bronchoconstriction occurrence kept in mind, especially for infants with low body weight with BPD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Anesthesia , Body Weight , Bronchoconstriction , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Infant, Premature , Light Coagulation , Mass Screening , Mydriasis , Ophthalmic Solutions , Phenylephrine , Prevalence , Retinopathy of Prematurity
14.
Korean Journal of Legal Medicine ; : 88-91, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118751

ABSTRACT

An 18-year-old man collapsed at his workplace while putting desiccant into a cylindrical mixer, 2 m x 1 m in dimension, which contained rubber powder. His coworker found him collapsed, and he was transported to a hospital by a 119 rescue team, where he died. Prior to the incident, liquid nitrogen had been placed into the mixer to lower the temperature of the rubber powder. There were no injuries or disease that could have caused death. Analysis of the gas in the mixer revealed that the O2 concentration had dropped to 3.7% in 2 minutes following addition of the liquid nitrogen. Therefore, it was concluded that the cause of death was asphyxia due to oxygen deficiency caused by liquid nitrogen evaporation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Hypoxia , Asphyxia , Autopsy , Cause of Death , Nitrogen , Oxygen , Rubber
15.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 287-289, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136220

ABSTRACT

An 18 month-old boy underwent endoscopic foreign body removal under anesthesia on an outpatient basis and the operation took approximately 5 minutes. Stridor developed in both lung fields 6 hours after emergence from anesthesia, and severe croup developed, with cyanosis of the lips and aggravated stridor 20 hours after the end of the procedure. The croup resolved with oxygen therapy, intravenous dexamethasone, and epinephrine nebulization therapy. In this report, we suggest that thorough investigations of the patient's past history, including history of any airway problems, and careful monitoring after emergence from anesthesia be done in order to decide the proper discharge time of the patient. Further, proper prophylaxis following risk stratification is important, especially in patients at high risk of postoperative airway obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Airway Obstruction , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Anesthesia , Croup , Cyanosis , Dexamethasone , Epinephrine , Foreign Bodies , Lip , Lung , Outpatients , Oxygen , Respiratory Sounds
16.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 287-289, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136217

ABSTRACT

An 18 month-old boy underwent endoscopic foreign body removal under anesthesia on an outpatient basis and the operation took approximately 5 minutes. Stridor developed in both lung fields 6 hours after emergence from anesthesia, and severe croup developed, with cyanosis of the lips and aggravated stridor 20 hours after the end of the procedure. The croup resolved with oxygen therapy, intravenous dexamethasone, and epinephrine nebulization therapy. In this report, we suggest that thorough investigations of the patient's past history, including history of any airway problems, and careful monitoring after emergence from anesthesia be done in order to decide the proper discharge time of the patient. Further, proper prophylaxis following risk stratification is important, especially in patients at high risk of postoperative airway obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Airway Obstruction , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Anesthesia , Croup , Cyanosis , Dexamethasone , Epinephrine , Foreign Bodies , Lip , Lung , Outpatients , Oxygen , Respiratory Sounds
17.
Keimyung Medical Journal ; : 140-145, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24562

ABSTRACT

Anaphylaxis under general anesthesia is rare but can present as cardiovascular collapse, airway obstruction, and/or skin manifestation. A high level of suspicion is required for the recognition and prompt management and anaphylaxis can be diagnosed through clinical findings. The most common causes of anaphylaxis during general anesthesia are neuromuscular blocking agents, antibiotics, and latex. We present a case of anaphylactic shock following intravenous injection of cisatracurium and sufentanil. The patient was under anesthesia induction and within minutes after injection of these drugs, generalized erythema, bronchospasm, and severe hypotension developed. The Patient was managed with epinephrine, proper hydration, hydrocortisone, and pheniramine and the surgery was decided to be postponed. Subsequent surgery should be performed after conducting skin tests which can help identify the causal agents and determine alternative drugs. Anesthesiologists should be aware that not only expeditious diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis but also further evaluation in order to determine the safe method of subsequent anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Airway Obstruction , Anaphylaxis , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bronchial Spasm , Diagnosis , Epinephrine , Erythema , Hydrocortisone , Hypotension , Injections, Intravenous , Latex , Neuromuscular Blocking Agents , Pheniramine , Shock , Skin Manifestations , Skin Tests , Sufentanil
18.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : S49-S50, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118474

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Spinal , Cough
19.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 260-262, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187705

ABSTRACT

Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions are synthetic non-protein colloid solutions used to treat hypovolemia. However, their use is not free from the risk of allergic reactions. A 42-year-old male was scheduled to undergo aortic-iliac-femoral bypass surgery for the treatment of arteriosclerosis obliterans. He had no history of allergy. Two hours after the start of surgery, and within minutes after HES administration, facial erythema, hypotension and bronchospasm developed. HES infusion was discontinued under the estimation of anaphylaxis. The patient received phenylephrine, ephedrine, diphenhydramine and hydrocortisone with hydration. After restoration of vital signs, surgery was performed without complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Anaphylaxis , Arteriosclerosis Obliterans , Bronchial Spasm , Colloids , Diphenhydramine , Ephedrine , Erythema , Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives , Hydrocortisone , Hypersensitivity , Hypotension , Hypovolemia , Phenylephrine , Vital Signs
20.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 181-185, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103662

ABSTRACT

Herpes zoster is a viral disease of the posterior root ganglion and sensory nerve fiber, which presents clinically with vesicular eruption of the skin, radicular pain and sensory changes in the distribution of the affected ganglion. However, involvement of the motor neurons can be seen as well. If classic cutaneous lesions are present, herpes zoster-related motor paresis is easily diagnosed. Otherwise, the diagnosis may be more difficult and suspicious, especially if weakness occurs as a symptom before cutaneous lesions appear, or abnormal findings on the MRI are consistent with the signs. There have been few reports of sciatica with motor loss preceding skin lesions. Here, we report a patient with herpes zoster-related motor paresis preceding skin lesions. In the preliminary diagnosis, the herpes zoster-related motor paresis was confused for some structural disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ganglion Cysts , Herpes Zoster , Intervertebral Disc , Motor Neurons , Nerve Fibers , Paresis , Radiculopathy , Sciatica , Skin , Virus Diseases
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