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1.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 170-177, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874098

ABSTRACT

Background@#Recent reports have shown that intralesional botulinum toxin type-A (BTX-A) works on scar cosmesis. @*Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of combination treatment of laser and BTX-A injection and compare the effects of conventional intralesional injection and intra- and perilesional BTX-A injection on fibrotic thyroidectomy scars. @*Methods@#Patients with fibrotic thyroidectomy scars showing insufficient responses to previous ablative fractional laser (AFL) treatment were enrolled. Combination treatment with AFL and BTX-A injection was performed. Patients who received intra/perilesional BTX-A injections were classified into group A. Group B was patients in whom the injection was performed only intralesionally. The improvement was assessed based on the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS). @*Results@#A total of 24 patients was included. Statistically significant improvement in pliability and total VSS score after the combination treatment were observed in overall patient group.Subgroup analysis demonstrated that pliability, height, and total VSS improved significantly in group A. In group B, only pliability significantly improved. @*Conclusion@#BTX-A injection combined with AFL can provide better relief for the previously treated fibrotic thyroidectomy scars. Injection of BTX-A not only into the scar itself, but also into perilesional muscles that can exert tension on the scar site may provide additional benefit in flattening scar height.

2.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 278-280, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896801

ABSTRACT

A capillary hemangioma is a vascular tumor with small capillary sized vascular channel. Multiple capillary hemangioma in relation with drugs have been rarely reported. Here in, we report a case of multiple capillary hemangioma in patient diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia who received tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Histopathological findings have shown capillary proliferation in the upper dermis, which is consistent with capillary hemangioma. Since TKIs can paradoxically activate the MEK/ERK pathway which is required for angiogenesis, we presumed that the lesions as the cutaneous side effects of TKIs.

3.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 333-338, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896788

ABSTRACT

Background@#Prurigo nodularis (PN) is a highly pruritic disease that significantly impairs patient quality of life. Although the mechanism that causes pruritus is not clear, one hypothesis argues that neural hyperplasia, mast cell, and Merkel cell neurite complexes may be associated with PN pathogenesis. @*Objective@#The objective of this study was to analyze whether special staining outcomes differed depending on the presence of atopic dermatitis (AD) and treatment response. @*Methods@#A total of 209 patients diagnosed with PN was analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups according to presence or past history of AD and by treatment response. Histopathologic features were obtained using the following stains: Giemsa, S-100, neuron-specific enolase, cytokeratin (CK)-20, CAM5.2, and CK8/CK18. @*Results@#A total of 126 patients (60.29%) had AD, and 68 (32.54%) showed clinical improvement. There were no statistically significant differences in the staining results between the PN groups with AD (PN c̅ AD) and without AD (PN s̅ AD). Additionally, there were no statistically significant differences in staining results between the improved and non-im-proved groups. @*Conclusion@#Implementing the special stains helped to identify PN pathogenesis. Because there were no statistically significant differences in the special stain results between the improved and non-improved groups, we conclude that mast cell proliferation, neural hyperplasia, and Merkel cell hyperplasia may not have a significant effect on treatment response.

4.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 278-280, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889097

ABSTRACT

A capillary hemangioma is a vascular tumor with small capillary sized vascular channel. Multiple capillary hemangioma in relation with drugs have been rarely reported. Here in, we report a case of multiple capillary hemangioma in patient diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia who received tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Histopathological findings have shown capillary proliferation in the upper dermis, which is consistent with capillary hemangioma. Since TKIs can paradoxically activate the MEK/ERK pathway which is required for angiogenesis, we presumed that the lesions as the cutaneous side effects of TKIs.

5.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 333-338, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889084

ABSTRACT

Background@#Prurigo nodularis (PN) is a highly pruritic disease that significantly impairs patient quality of life. Although the mechanism that causes pruritus is not clear, one hypothesis argues that neural hyperplasia, mast cell, and Merkel cell neurite complexes may be associated with PN pathogenesis. @*Objective@#The objective of this study was to analyze whether special staining outcomes differed depending on the presence of atopic dermatitis (AD) and treatment response. @*Methods@#A total of 209 patients diagnosed with PN was analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups according to presence or past history of AD and by treatment response. Histopathologic features were obtained using the following stains: Giemsa, S-100, neuron-specific enolase, cytokeratin (CK)-20, CAM5.2, and CK8/CK18. @*Results@#A total of 126 patients (60.29%) had AD, and 68 (32.54%) showed clinical improvement. There were no statistically significant differences in the staining results between the PN groups with AD (PN c̅ AD) and without AD (PN s̅ AD). Additionally, there were no statistically significant differences in staining results between the improved and non-im-proved groups. @*Conclusion@#Implementing the special stains helped to identify PN pathogenesis. Because there were no statistically significant differences in the special stain results between the improved and non-improved groups, we conclude that mast cell proliferation, neural hyperplasia, and Merkel cell hyperplasia may not have a significant effect on treatment response.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832725

ABSTRACT

Keratoacanthomas (KAs) are epithelial skin tumors characterized by rapid growth and spontaneous regression, with histopathologic features similar to those of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). KA arising after the use of anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1) and anti-transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) antibody have been reported. The patient in the present case was administered a new anti-cancer drug under clinical trial, which comprised anti-PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and anti-TGF-β antibodies. Nine months after the drug was used, a hyperkeratotic nodular lesion appeared on the patient's left arm. As a result of histopathologic examination by excision of the corresponding lesion, it was diagnosed as KA.

7.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 512-515, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831426

ABSTRACT

Epidermolytic acanthoma (EA) is a rare benign tumor, which usually appears as a solitary small papule. However, there are a few case reports of multiple EA, most of which occurs on the genital area. Cases of multiple EA may mimic verruca vulgaris, condyloma accuminatum, seborrheic keratosis, and bowenoid papulosis, and therefore, can be easily misdiagnosed. A 78-year-old male presented with a 2-week history of discrete, small skin-colored papules around the anus. The other case involved a 47-year-old male with a 5-year history of skin-colored papules on the scrotum. Skin biopsy of both cases revealed a well-demarcated papular lesion characterized by compact hyperkeratosis, perinuclear vacuolization, and reticular degeneration in the granular and upper spinous layer with coarse basophilic keratohyalin granules. Epidermal invagination was consistent with a cup-shaped type of EA. Both cases tested negative for human papillomavirus. We report typical cases of multiple EA, which should be considered as the differential diagnosis of small skin-colored papules in the anogenital area, to prevent the misdiagnosis.

8.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 164-167, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811079

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced vasculitis is an inflammation of small-sized blood vessel caused by the use of drugs. It accounts for approximately 10% of acute cutaneous vasculitis. Propylthiouracil, hydralazine, and allopurinol have been widely known as causative agents. The most common clinical feature of drug-induced vasculitis is palpable purpura on lower extremities. A 66-year-old Korean female presented with erythematous nodules on upper chest and back. She had been on medication for multiple myeloma. Laboratory results showed neutropenia. After a single injection of filgrastim (recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor), she developed cutaneous lesions with concurrent increase in absolute neutrophil count. A skin biopsy revealed leukocytoclastic vasculitis. After discontinuation of filgrastim injection, her skin lesions disappeared spontaneously.


Subject(s)
Aged , Allopurinol , Biopsy , Blood Vessels , Female , Filgrastim , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Granulocytes , Humans , Hydralazine , Inflammation , Lower Extremity , Multiple Myeloma , Neutropenia , Neutrophils , Propylthiouracil , Purpura , Skin , Thorax , Vasculitis , Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous
14.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 380-381, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715094

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Hand
16.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 451-453, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716501

ABSTRACT

Drug induced lichen planus like eruption is an uncommon cutaneous adverse effect of several drugs. This appears symmetric eruption of erythematous or violaceous plaques resembling lichen planus on the trunk and extremities. A 50-year-old male presented with scaly, violaceous plaques and dusky brown macules on whole body. For four months, the patient was treated with olmutinib, an oral, third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor. In May 2016, olmutinib received its first global approval in South Korea for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic epidermal growth factor receptor T790M mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer. The biopsy specimen from the patient showed features of lichen planus. We diagnosed him with olmutinib-induced lichen planus like eruption. He was treated with oral methylprednisolone and topical desoxymethasone 0.25% ointment. At the same time, olmutinib dose was decreased to three-fourths of this patient's starting dose. After that, the cutaneous lesions improved.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Desoximetasone , Drug Eruptions , Epidermal Growth Factor , Extremities , Humans , Korea , Lichen Planus , Lichens , Male , Methylprednisolone , Middle Aged , Phosphotransferases , ErbB Receptors
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