Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 75
Filter
1.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 251-258, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999856

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The aim of this study was to determine the most effective treatment approach by comparing the impacts of various otolith reduction techniques in patients with apogeotropic lateral semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (LC-BPPV). @*Methods@#We performed a multicenter randomized prospective study from January to December 2015, involving 72 consecutive patients with apogeotropic LC-BPPV. The patients were divided into three treatment groups: therapeutic head-shaking (group A), the Gufoni-Appiani maneuver (group B), and the cupulolith repositioning maneuver (CuRM; group C). Each group underwent evaluation and treatment up to the fourth week. Treatment success was defined as the disappearance of positional vertigo and nystagmus. @*Results@#This study included 72 patients (49 male and 23 female), with a mean (±standard deviation) age of 55.4±13.5 years. The mean duration of vertigo experienced prior to treatment was 3.9±4.4 days. The mean latency and duration of nystagmus were 2.7±3.0 seconds and 47.9±15.8 seconds, respectively. The overall treatment frequency was 2.0±0.9. The number of treatments differed significantly among the three groups (P0.05). However, CuRM was the only method with a 100% treatment success rate. @*Conclusion@#While no clear difference was observed among the three treatments for LC-BPPV, CuRM was found to be superior to the other approaches in the long term.

2.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 21-27, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968121

ABSTRACT

Background@#Dietary Na+ or Na+/K+ ratio has been reported to be associated with bone mineral density (BMD). However, this remains unclear, and only a few studies have been reported on the Korean population. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the association between dietary Na+, K+, and Na+/K+ ratios and BMD in middle-aged Korean women. @*Methods@#This study used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008–2011. A total of 3,690 women aged >50 years were included. Study participants were classified into quartiles (lowest quartile Q1–highest quartile Q4) according to dietary Na+, K+, and Na+/K+ ratio, and we examined the association of these parameters with BMD. Total femur and lumbar spine BMD were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed using IBM SPSS ver. 19.0. @*Results@#The mean age was 62 years, and a significant negative trend in the β-coefficient regarding dietary Na+ was only observed in the total femur BMD. However, the total femur and lumbar spine BMD decreased from Q1 to Q4 regarding the dietary Na+/K+ ratio (P-value for trend: 0.044 for total femur BMD and 0.002 for lumbar spine BMD). @*Conclusion@#A significant negative trend in the β-coefficient for both total femur and lumbar spine BMD was observed regarding the Na+/K+ ratio. Therefore, based on the results of this study, a higher dietary Na+/K+ ratio may be associated with a lower BMD.

3.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 203-211, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925598

ABSTRACT

Melanogenesis is the production of melanin from tyrosine by a series of enzyme-catalyzed reactions, in which tyrosinase and DOPA oxidase play key roles. The melanin content in the skin determines skin pigmentation. Abnormalities in skin pigmentation lead to various skin pigmentation disorders. Recent research has shown that the expression of EMP2 is much lower in melanoma than in normal melanocytes, but its role in melanogenesis has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the role of EMP2 in the melanogenesis of MNT1 human melanoma cells. We examined TRP-1, TRP-2, and TYR expression levels during melanogenesis in MNT1 melanoma cells by gene silencing of EMP2. Western blot and RT-PCR results confirmed that the expression levels of TYR and TRP-2 were decreased when EMP2 expression was knocked down by EMP2 siRNA in MNT1 cells, and these changes were reversed when EMP2 was overexpressed. We verified the EMP2 gene was knocked out of the cell line (EMP2 CRISPR/Cas9) by using a CRISPR/Cas9 system and found that the expression levels of TRP-2 and TYR were significantly lower in the EMP2 CRISPR/Cas9 cell lines. Loss of EMP2 also reduced migration and invasion of MNT1 melanoma cells. In addition, the melanosome transfer from the melanocytes to keratinocytes in the EMP2 KO cells cocultured with keratinocytes was reduced compared to the cells in the control coculture group. In conclusion, these results suggest that EMP2 is involved in melanogenesis via the regulation of TRP-2 expression.

4.
Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism ; : 37-43, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925478

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate growth response in children with either idiopathic short stature (ISS) or growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD). @*Methods@#The data of prepubertal GHD or ISS children treated using recombinant human GH were obtained from the LG Growth Study database. GHD children were further divided into partial and complete GHD groups. Growth response and factors predicting growth response after 1 and 2 years of GH treatment were investigated. @*Results@#This study included 692 children (98 with ISS, 443 partial GHD, and 151 complete GHD). After 1 year, changes in height standard deviation score (ΔHt-SDS) were 0.78, 0.83, and 0.96 in ISS, partial GHD, and complete GHD, respectively. Height velocity (HV) was 8.72, 9.04, and 9.52 cm/yr in ISS, partial GHD, and complete GHD, respectively. ΔHt-SDS and HV did not differ among the 3 groups. Higher initial body mass index standard deviation score (BMI-SDS) and midparental height standard deviation score (MPH-SDS) were predictors for better growth response after 1 year in ISS and the partial GHD group, respectively. In the complete GHD group, higher Ht-SDS and BMI-SDS predicted better growth response after 1 year. After 2 years of GH treatment, higher BMI-SDS and MPH-SDS predicted a better growth outcome in the partial GHD group, and higher MPH-SDS was a predictor of good growth response in complete GHD. @*Conclusion@#Clinical characteristics and growth response did not differ among groups. Predictors of growth response differed among the 3 groups, and even in the same group, a higher GH dose would be required when poor response is predicted.

5.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 340-347, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937231

ABSTRACT

Advanced or metastatic breast cancer affects multiple organs and is a leading cause of cancer-related death. Cancer metastasis is associated with epithelial-mesenchymal metastasis (EMT). However, the specific signals that induce and regulate EMT in carcinoma cells remain unclear. PRR16/Largen is a cell size regulator that is independent of mTOR and Hippo signalling pathways. However, little is known about the role PRR16 plays in the EMT process. We found that the expression of PRR16 was increased in mesenchymal breast cancer cell lines. PRR16 overexpression induced EMT in MCF7 breast cancer cells and enhances migration and invasion. To determine how PRR16 induces EMT, the binding proteins for PRR16 were screened, revealing that PRR16 binds to Abl interactor 2 (ABI2). We then investigated whether ABI2 is involved in EMT. Gene silencing of ABI2 induces EMT, leading to enhanced migration and invasion. ABI2 is a gene that codes for a protein that interacts with ABL proto-oncogene 1 (ABL1) kinase. Therefore, we investigated whether the change in ABI2 expression affected the activation of ABL1 kinase. The knockdown of ABI2 and PRR16 overexpression increased the phosphorylation of Y412 in ABL1 kinase. Our results suggest that PRR16 may be involved in EMT by binding to ABI2 and interfering with its inhibition of ABL1 kinase. This indicates that ABL1 kinase inhibitors may be potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of PRR16-related breast cancer.

6.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 181-185, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937074

ABSTRACT

Desensitization therapy can help overcome severe hypersensitivity reactions and allow continuing administration of the culprit agents. However, this is time- and labor-intensive due to a prolonged infusion time and the serial adjustment of infusion rate between steps. Therefore, simplified protocols using fewer steps have been tested, although currently there is no established standard strategy. Cetuximab plays an important role in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. Although cetuximab is well tolerated, severe infusion reactions occur in 1.1% of patients, and most occur within 1 hour of receiving the first dose. Here, we report a recent attempt to shorten the steps of gradual cetuximab desensitization. A 57-year-old male patient diagnosed with obstructive sigmoid colon cancer received cetuximab chemotherapy and experienced immediate anaphylaxis at the first cycle. A one-bag, 17-step desensitization protocol was applied to cetuximab administration. After the first successful desensitization cycle, the process of desensitization was shortened 1–2 step(s) per cycle, down to 2 steps, without a breakthrough reaction. The patient ultimately received regular infusions. Shortening of the rapid desensitization protocol can be considered if the previous cycle is well-tolerated, even in a patient who suffered previous anaphylaxis to cetuximab.

7.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 185-187, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893199

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome is known as a maternally inherited mitochondrial disease with a m.3243A>G mutation in the MT-TL1 gene. Here, we report a case of targeted temperature management in a MELAS patient who had a cardiac arrest and severe lactic acidosis after recurrent seizures.

8.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 192-196, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893197

ABSTRACT

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a life-threatening neurologic emergency associated with the use of dopamine receptor-antagonist properties or the rapid withdrawal of dopaminergic medications. NMS is characterized by refractory hyperpyrexia, altered mental state, dysautonomia, and rigor. If hyperpyrexia persists, it can result in multiorgan failure. Herein, we report a case of NMS occurring after metoclopramide administration in a patient with pontine hemorrhage, which was successfully treated with targeted temperature management using a surface cooling device.

9.
Korean Journal of Aerospace and Environmental Medicine ; : 9-12, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920297

ABSTRACT

Aircraft accidents caused by dizziness of aviation workers are so common that they account for 5% to 10% of the total, and in most cases, have fatal consequences. Therefore, it is essential to diagnose and treat the dizziness of aviation workers properly. Common diseases caused by abnormal vestibular function include benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Meniere’s disease, and vestibular neuritis. In this paper, we first proposed an overview of these diseases’ pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Also, we evaluated the importance of these diseases in aerospace medicine and presented aerospace medical dispositions for aviation medical examiners.

10.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 281-287, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902049

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to investigate trends in the prevalence of current smokers and motivation to quit among Korean male cancer survivors. @*Methods@#Out of 20,012 men who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V (2010–2012), VI (2013–2015), and VII (2016–2017), 742 cancer survivors were included. A cancer survivor was defined as a person who concurred to the item, “The cancer has been diagnosed by a doctor” in the health questionnaire. Smoking status was classified as current, former, and never smokers. Regarding motivation to quit smoking, we defined those who had a willingness to quit within 6 months as the willing group. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine trends in the prevalence of current smokers and the proportion of the willing group among current smokers. @*Results@#Overall, 3.7% of Korean men who participated in the study were cancer survivors. Current smokers constituted 19.5%, 19.1%, and 15.3% of cancer survivors in phases V, VI, and VII respectively which did not show significant changes (P for trend=0.33). However, the proportion of current smokers in the non-cancer group was significantly reduced to 46.6%, 41.2%, and 38.9% in phases V, VI, and VII, respectively (P for trend <0.001). The proportion of those with a motivation to quit smoking did not show a significant trend in the cancer survivors (P for trend=0.964) and non-cancer group (P for trend=0.884). @*Conclusion@#Prevalence of current smokers and motivation to quit in Korean male cancer survivors did not show significant trends.

11.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 297-302, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902047

ABSTRACT

Background@#Obesity is associated with increased mortality as a significant risk factor for chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Several people believe that weight gain is harmful, and weight loss helps maintain health. However, some studies have shown that weight loss, particularly among older adults, is more likely to increase the risk of mortality than weight gain. @*Methods@#We used data for the cohort of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, which is a nationwide stratified multi-stage sample of adults aged 45 years. The all-cause mortality risk was assessed using the survival status and the number of months of survival calculated from 2006 (baseline year) to 2016. Cox proportional hazard regression were used to study the causal link between weight change and all-cause mortality risk. @*Results@#The results showed interactive associations between weight loss and mortality among middle-aged and older adults. The hazard ratio was 1.62 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10–2.40) for the participants aged 45–65 years with weight losses greater than 5 kg and 1.56 (95% CI, 1.29–1.89) for those older than 65 years with weight losses greater than 5 kg. The results for the group with weight gain above 5 kg were not significant. Middle-aged and older men showed an increase in all-cause mortality associated with weight loss of more than 5 kg, but only the older women showed significant results. @*Conclusion@#This large-scale cohort study in Korea showed a relationship between weight loss and all-cause mortality in middle-aged and older individuals.

12.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 185-187, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900903

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome is known as a maternally inherited mitochondrial disease with a m.3243A>G mutation in the MT-TL1 gene. Here, we report a case of targeted temperature management in a MELAS patient who had a cardiac arrest and severe lactic acidosis after recurrent seizures.

13.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 192-196, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900901

ABSTRACT

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a life-threatening neurologic emergency associated with the use of dopamine receptor-antagonist properties or the rapid withdrawal of dopaminergic medications. NMS is characterized by refractory hyperpyrexia, altered mental state, dysautonomia, and rigor. If hyperpyrexia persists, it can result in multiorgan failure. Herein, we report a case of NMS occurring after metoclopramide administration in a patient with pontine hemorrhage, which was successfully treated with targeted temperature management using a surface cooling device.

14.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 281-287, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894345

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to investigate trends in the prevalence of current smokers and motivation to quit among Korean male cancer survivors. @*Methods@#Out of 20,012 men who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V (2010–2012), VI (2013–2015), and VII (2016–2017), 742 cancer survivors were included. A cancer survivor was defined as a person who concurred to the item, “The cancer has been diagnosed by a doctor” in the health questionnaire. Smoking status was classified as current, former, and never smokers. Regarding motivation to quit smoking, we defined those who had a willingness to quit within 6 months as the willing group. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine trends in the prevalence of current smokers and the proportion of the willing group among current smokers. @*Results@#Overall, 3.7% of Korean men who participated in the study were cancer survivors. Current smokers constituted 19.5%, 19.1%, and 15.3% of cancer survivors in phases V, VI, and VII respectively which did not show significant changes (P for trend=0.33). However, the proportion of current smokers in the non-cancer group was significantly reduced to 46.6%, 41.2%, and 38.9% in phases V, VI, and VII, respectively (P for trend <0.001). The proportion of those with a motivation to quit smoking did not show a significant trend in the cancer survivors (P for trend=0.964) and non-cancer group (P for trend=0.884). @*Conclusion@#Prevalence of current smokers and motivation to quit in Korean male cancer survivors did not show significant trends.

15.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 297-302, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894343

ABSTRACT

Background@#Obesity is associated with increased mortality as a significant risk factor for chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Several people believe that weight gain is harmful, and weight loss helps maintain health. However, some studies have shown that weight loss, particularly among older adults, is more likely to increase the risk of mortality than weight gain. @*Methods@#We used data for the cohort of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, which is a nationwide stratified multi-stage sample of adults aged 45 years. The all-cause mortality risk was assessed using the survival status and the number of months of survival calculated from 2006 (baseline year) to 2016. Cox proportional hazard regression were used to study the causal link between weight change and all-cause mortality risk. @*Results@#The results showed interactive associations between weight loss and mortality among middle-aged and older adults. The hazard ratio was 1.62 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10–2.40) for the participants aged 45–65 years with weight losses greater than 5 kg and 1.56 (95% CI, 1.29–1.89) for those older than 65 years with weight losses greater than 5 kg. The results for the group with weight gain above 5 kg were not significant. Middle-aged and older men showed an increase in all-cause mortality associated with weight loss of more than 5 kg, but only the older women showed significant results. @*Conclusion@#This large-scale cohort study in Korea showed a relationship between weight loss and all-cause mortality in middle-aged and older individuals.

16.
Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research ; (3): 47-58, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835942

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to develop a simulation-based High Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy training program based on NLN/ISF to identify the effect on knowledge, clinical performance, and educational satisfaction compared to a group who had traditional High Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy training after applying it to clinical nurses. @*Methods@#31 experimental groups and 33 control groups were conducted from August 2019 to September 2019 for inexperienced nurses over 4 months to 5 years with no experience using high-flow oxygen therapy. Educational programs were developed in scenarios according to Airvo2 and Optiflow, such as facilitator, participant, educational condition, design, characteristics, and educational outcomes. The education application was conducted in advanced for knowledge and clinical performance ability after watching therapy video. Since then, a total of 90 minutes have been conducted for respiratory failure theory training, airvo2 and optiflow simulation training, and debriefing. After applying the education, the medical institution measured nurses’ knowledge, clinical performance, and education satisfaction. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, with the SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. @*Results@#Both knowledge and educational satisfaction were higher in the experimental group than in the control group (t=-14.09, p<.001), (t=-12.99, p<.001). The clinical performance for both use of Optiflow and Airvo2 were higher in the experimental group than in the control group (t=-11.39, p<.001), (t=-11.38, p<.001) . @*Conclusion@#Results showed that the simulation-based High Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy training was effective with the experimental group having increased scores for every area of this study.

17.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 154-162, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920050

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The canalith reposition procedure (CRP) is used for the treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) where the accuracy of position may affect the therapeutic efficacy. We investigate the accuracy of head position in CRP and its influencing factors during the procedure by measuring the position using inertial sensors and three dimensional remodeling.Subjects and Method We included 28 patients who were diagnosed as BPPV. To evaluate the accuracy of the CRP, we used the inertial sensor on the patient’s goggle used for videonystagmography. We evaluated the accuracy of the treatment compared to the textual treatment used during CRP. We also evaluated patient factors that affected the accuracy of head position as well as analyzing the correlation between the error rate and the successful treatment rate. @*Results@#While the average error rate was 12.6±5.8% for the PSCC group, it was 10.2±5.2% for the lateral semicircular canal (LSCC) group. For the posterior semicircular canal (PSCC) the group with body mass index (BMI), less than 25 patients had the lower error rate than the group with BMI greater than 25. There was no significant differences regarding the error rate according to BMI or age in the PSCC group. There is no significant differences regarding the error rate between those treated within 1 week and those over 1 week. For the LSCC delayed treatment group, there was no significant differences of error rate between the 1st and 2nd maneuver at each position. @*Conclusion@#For the Epley maneuver, the error rate of patients with high BMI is higher than those with low BMI. When the repeated barbeque maneuver was conducted, patients could have a more accurate position due to the learning effect. Care should be taken to ensure accurate CRP by considering various factors.

18.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 59-68, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915252

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C).@*METHODS@#Participants were 419 young adolescent students (11~15 years old). The content validity of the expert group was calculated as the content validity index (CVI) after the translation and reverse translation process of the 25 items of the YFAS-C. The multitrait-multimethod matrix (MTMM) method was used to verify the construct validity; the generalized linear model (GLM) was used to evaluate the concurrent and incremental validity. Reliability was calculated as Kuder-Richardson-20 (KR-20) and Spearman-Brown coefficients.@*RESULTS@#TheCVI of the 25 items was greater than the item-level CVI .80 and the scale-level CVI .90. The Korean version of YFAS-C had verified convergent validity in emotional eating and external eating and discriminant validity in restrained eating. In addition, it had verified concurrent validity in emotional eating and external eating. Finally the incremental validity of the Korean version of YFAS-C was statistically significant on BMI. Reliability was KR-20 α=.69 and the Spearman-Brown coefficient was .64.@*CONCLUSION@#The Korean version of YFAS-C is a valid and reliable scale for measuring the severity of food addiction; it can be a useful scale for preventing obesity by predicting food addiction early.

19.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 59-68, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739841

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C). METHODS: Participants were 419 young adolescent students (11~15 years old). The content validity of the expert group was calculated as the content validity index (CVI) after the translation and reverse translation process of the 25 items of the YFAS-C. The multitrait-multimethod matrix (MTMM) method was used to verify the construct validity; the generalized linear model (GLM) was used to evaluate the concurrent and incremental validity. Reliability was calculated as Kuder-Richardson-20 (KR-20) and Spearman-Brown coefficients. RESULTS: The CVI of the 25 items was greater than the item-level CVI .80 and the scale-level CVI .90. The Korean version of YFAS-C had verified convergent validity in emotional eating and external eating and discriminant validity in restrained eating. In addition, it had verified concurrent validity in emotional eating and external eating. Finally the incremental validity of the Korean version of YFAS-C was statistically significant on BMI. Reliability was KR-20 α=.69 and the Spearman-Brown coefficient was .64. CONCLUSION: The Korean version of YFAS-C is a valid and reliable scale for measuring the severity of food addiction; it can be a useful scale for preventing obesity by predicting food addiction early.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Eating , Linear Models , Methods , Obesity , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL