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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926423

ABSTRACT

Gastric metastasis from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is extremely rare, occurring in 0.2% of all RCC cases. Owing to its low prevalence, metachronous gastric metastasis from RCC may be underdiagnosed, and the imaging findings have not been well-established. Herein we present a case of metastatic RCC manifesting as a gastric polyp in a 70-year-old female along with a literature review on the imaging findings of gastric metastases from RCC. In patients presenting with gastric hyper-enhancing polypoid masses, metastasis from RCC should be considered as a differential diagnosis.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926108

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Non-celiac gluten sensitivity is characterized by intestinal and extra intestinal symptoms associated with the consumption of gluten-containing food. Since biomarkers for non-celiac gluten sensitivity are lacking, its prevalence is estimated based on self-reported symptoms. However, no data exist on self-reported non-celiac gluten sensitivity in the Korean population. Thus, we aim to investigate the prevalence of self-reported non-celiac gluten sensitivity in the Korean population and to determine its demographic and clinical characteristics. @*Methods@#This study surveyed Korean participants aged 18-80 years who visited gastroenterology outpatient clinics at 9 tertiary hospitals in South Korea from January 2016 to February 2017. They were questioned regarding symptoms related to gluten ingestion: degree of discomfort (visual analog scale score), frequency, time of symptom onset, and duration. Abdominal discomfort caused by 11 differentkinds of gluten-containing Korean food items was investigated. @*Results@#More non-celiac gluten sensitivity self-reporters were identified among those with irritable bowel syndrome (33.6%) than among controls (5.8%). Major gastrointestinal symptoms included bloating (75.0%), abdominal discomfort (71.3%), and belching (45.0%).Common extra-intestinal symptoms included fatigue (20.0%) and headache (13.7%). More than half of those who self-reported nonceliac gluten sensitivity (66.3%) developed symptoms within 1 hour of food ingestion, and symptoms were localized in the upper abdomen (37.5%) and entire abdomen (30.0%). @*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that if there are gluten-related symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome, the possibility of accompanying non-celiacgluten sensitivity should be considered.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925949

ABSTRACT

Background@#Colorectal polyps are the most common cause of isolated hematochezia in children, which requires a colonoscopy for diagnosis. We aimed to investigate the potential utility of fecal calprotectin (FC) in assessing colorectal polyps detected by colonoscopy among children presenting with isolated hematochezia. @*Methods@#Pediatric patients of the age of < 18 years who had undergone both colonoscopy and FC tests for isolated hematochezia from June 2016 to May 2020 were included in the present multicenter, retrospective, cross-sectional study. Comparative analysis was conducted between major causes of isolated hematochezia and FC cut-offs for discriminating colorectal polyps were explored. @*Results@#A total 127 patients were included. Thirty-five patients (27.6%) had colorectal polyps, followed by anal fissure (14.2%), ulcerative colitis (UC; 12.6%), and others. A significant difference in FC levels was observed between patients with colorectal polyps (median, 278.7 mg/kg), anal fissures (median, 42.2 mg/kg), and UC (median, 981 mg/ kg) (P < 0.001). According to receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, among patients diagnosed with colorectal polyp or anal fissure, the most accurate FC cut-off for discriminating colorectal polyps from anal fissures on colonoscopy was 225 mg/kg (sensitivity, 59.4%; specificity, 94.4%; positive predictive value [PPV], 95.0%; negativepredictive value [NPV], 56.7%; area under the curve [AUC], 0.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.678–0.923; P < 0.001), while among patients diagnosed with colorectal polyp or UC, the most accurate FC cut-off for discriminating colorectal polyps from UC on colonoscopy was 879 mg/kg (sensitivity, 81.2%; specificity, 56.2%; PPV, 78.8%; NPV, 60.0%; AUC, 0.687; 95% CI, 0.521–0.852; P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#FC may assist in assessing the cause of lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding in children who present with isolated hematochezia.

4.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 588-594, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938959

ABSTRACT

In this study, the Search Your Mind (S.Y.M., 心) project aimed to collect prospective digital phenotypic data centered on mood and anxiety symptoms across psychiatric disorders through a smartphone application (app) platform while using both centralized and decentralized research designs: the centralized research design is a hybrid of a general prospective observational study and a digital platform-based study, and it includes face-to-face research such as informed written consent, clinical evaluation, and blood sampling. It also includes digital phenotypic assessment through an application-based platform using wearable devices. Meanwhile, the decentralized research design is a non-face-to-face study in which anonymous participants agree to electronic informed consent forms on the app. It also exclusively uses an application-based platform to acquire individualized digital phenotypic data. We expect to collect clinical, biological, and digital phenotypic data centered on mood and anxiety symptoms, and we propose a possible model of centralized and decentralized research design.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938701

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the level of agreement between ANTERION (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany), OA-2000 (Tomey, Nagoya, Japan), and IOLMaster 500 (Carl Zeiss AG, Jena, Germany). @*Methods@#Fifty-one eyes of 51 patients were included in the study. Flat keratometry (K) and steep K, vector component of astigmatism (Jackson cross-cylinder at 0° and 90° [J0] and Jackson cross-cylinder at 45° and 135° [J45]), anterior chamber depth, and axial length were compared using the three devices. Repeated measures analysis of variance was conducted to compare the mean values of the biometrics. Pearson correlation test was conducted to analyze the correlations of the measured values, and a Bland-Altman plot was used to assess the agreement between the three devices. The predicted intraocular lens power of each device was compared to the others using the SRK/T, Haigis, Barrett Universal II, and Kane formulas. @*Results@#All K values measured using ANTERION were flatter than those of other instruments. However, good agreement was observed for flat K (ANTERION - OA-2000; 95% limits of agreement [LoA], 0.86 diopters [D]) and steep K (ANTERION - OA2000; 95% LoA, 0.93 D) and OA-2000 - IOLMaster 500 (95% LoA, 0.93 D). J0 and J45 vector components of astigmatism were not statistically different; however, the agreements were poor between the devices (95% LoA ≥1.97 D). Anterior chamber depth values of ANTERION and OA-2000 were interchangeable (95% LoA, 0.15 mm). The axial length showed a high agreement (95% LoA ≤0.17 mm) among the three devices. The predicted intraocular lens powers of the three devices were not interchangeable regardless of formulas (95% LoA ≥1.04 D). @*Conclusions@#Significant differences in ocular biometrics were observed between ANTERION and the other two devices. This study demonstrated that only axial length showed good agreement among devices.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917381

ABSTRACT

With the recent rapid increase in obesity worldwide, metabolic syndrome (MetS) has gained significant importance. MetS is a cluster of obesity-related cardiovascular risk factors including abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, high blood pressure and impaired glucose tolerance. MetS is highly prevalent and strongly associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease, putting a great burden on human society. Therefore, it is very important to reduce MetS risk, which can improve patients’cardiovascular prognosis. The primary and most effective strategy to control each component of MetS is lifestyle change such as losing body weight, keeping regular exercise, adopting a healthy diet, quitting smoking and alcohol drinking in moderation. Many studies have shown that lifestyle modification has improved all components of MetS, and reduces the incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Here, the Korean Society of CardioMetabolic Syndrome has summarized specific and practical methods of lifestyle modification in the management of MetS in the healthcare field.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916893

ABSTRACT

Developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) are common intracranial vascular malformations and they are generally do not cause clinical complications. In cases showing DVA and hemorrhage, the hemorrhage is usually associated with adjacent cavernous malformations. Very few cases of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) caused by thrombosis in DVA have been reported in the literature. In this case report, we present an interesting case of a large ICH caused by thrombosis within a DVA with an unusual structure that may have potentiated the thrombosis.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914213

ABSTRACT

Background@#To evaluate the effects of teneligliptin on glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)-derived time in range, and glycemic variability in elderly type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. @*Methods@#This randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was conducted in eight centers in Korea (clinical trial registration number: NCT03508323). Sixty-five participants aged ≥65 years, who were treatment-naïve or had been treated with stable doses of metformin, were randomized at a 1:1 ratio to receive 20 mg of teneligliptin (n=35) or placebo (n=30) for 12 weeks. The main endpoints were the changes in HbA1c levels from baseline to week 12, CGM metrics-derived time in range, and glycemic variability. @*Results@#After 12 weeks, a significant reduction (by 0.84%) in HbA1c levels was observed in the teneligliptin group compared to that in the placebo group (by 0.08%), with a between-group least squares mean difference of –0.76% (95% confidence interval [CI], –1.08 to –0.44). The coefficient of variation, standard deviation, and mean amplitude of glycemic excursion significantly decreased in participants treated with teneligliptin as compared to those in the placebo group. Teneligliptin treatment significantly decreased the time spent above 180 or 250 mg/dL, respectively, without increasing the time spent below 70 mg/dL. The mean percentage of time for which glucose levels remained in the 70 to 180 mg/dL time in range (TIR70–180) at week 12 was 82.0%±16.0% in the teneligliptin group, and placebo-adjusted change in TIR70–180 from baseline was 13.3% (95% CI, 6.0 to 20.6). @*Conclusion@#Teneligliptin effectively reduced HbA1c levels, time spent above the target range, and glycemic variability, without increasing hypoglycemia in our study population.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938387

ABSTRACT

Meningiomas are the most common intracranial tumors. However, microcystic and angiomatous meningiomas are very rare subtypes that present unusual imaging findings. Hence, radiological diagnosis of these tumors can be challenging. We herein describe a case of mixed angiomatous and microcystic meningioma in an 81-year-old male. MRI revealed an extra-axial mass with high T2 signal intensity, measuring 1.5 cm in diameter, with multiple tiny intralesional cysts and entrapped peritumoral cyst formation. After tumor resection, a histopathological diagnosis of mixed angiomatous and microcystic meningioma was made.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938107

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The effects of probiotics in children vary based on diseases and probiotic strains. We aim to investigate the effectiveness of Saccharomyces boulardii and lactulose for treating childhood functional constipation. @*Methods@#This open-label randomized controlled trial was conducted at 10 university hospitals in Korea. Children who were diagnosed with functional constipation were allocated to 3 groups (lactulose monotherapy, combination therapy, and S. boulardii monotherapy). The primary outcome was treatment success rate that was accordingly defined as ≥ 3 bowel movements without incontinence at week 12. The cumulative successful maintenance and drug maintenance rates without drug changes were calculated throughout the study period. We compared stool frequency, incontinence, consistency, and painful defecation at week 2 among the 3 groups. @*Results@#Overall, 187 children were assigned to the lactulose monotherapy (n = 69), combination therapy (n = 68), or S. boulardii monotherapy (n = 50) groups. The primary outcome was significantly higher in the lactulose monotherapy group (26.1%) or combination therapy group (41.2%) than in the S. boulardii monotherapy group (8.0%). The S. boulardii monotherapy group showed a significantly lower cumulative successful maintenance and drug maintenance rate than the other 2 groups. There were no significant intergroup differences in the frequency of defecation, incontinence, painful defecation, or stool consistency during the follow-up at week 2. @*Conclusion@#S. boulardii monotherapy was not superior to lactulose monotherapy or combination therapy and showed a higher drug change rate, supporting the current recommendation of probiotics in the treatment of childhood functional constipation.

11.
Gut and Liver ; : 236-245, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925009

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Although pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) has a different phenotype and clinical course than adult UC, its clinical features and outcomes are poorly defined, especially in Asian populations. This study investigated the clinical features and long-term outcomes of pediatric UC in a Korean population. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 208 patients aged <18 years diagnosed with UC between 1987 and 2013. The patient characteristics at diagnosis according to the Paris classification and the clinical course were analyzed. @*Results@#The male-to-female ratio was 1.3:1, and the median patient age was 15.5 years. At diagnosis, 28.8% of patients had proctitis (E1), 27.8%, left-sided colitis (E2); 5.2%, extensive colitis (E3); and 38.2%, pancolitis (E4). The cumulative probabilities of extension after 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 32.7%, 40.4%, 52.5%, and 65.8%, respectively. Eighteen patients underwent colectomy, and three patients had colorectal cancer. The cumulative probabilities of colectomy after 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 7.1%, 8.9%, 12.6%, and 15.6%, and those of colorectal cancer after 10, 15, and 20 years were 0%, 2.1%, and 12.0%, respectively. The disease extent, Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis Activity Index severity, and systemic corticosteroid therapy were significant risk factors for colectomy. The development of primary sclerosing cholangitis was significantly associated with colorectal cancer. @*Conclusions@#This study provides detailed information on the disease phenotype and long-term clinical outcomes in a large cohort of Korean children with UC. They have extensive disease at diagnosis, a high rate of disease extension, and a low rate of cumulative colectomy.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924923

ABSTRACT

Carbohydrate-restricted diets and intermittent fasting (IF) have been rapidly gaining interest among the general population and patients with cardiometabolic disease, such as overweight or obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. However, there are limited expert recommendations for these dietary regimens. This study aimed to evaluate the level of scientific evidence on the benefits and harms of carbohydrate-restricted diets and IF to make responsible recommendations. A meta-analysis and systematic literature review of 66 articles on 50 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of carbohydrate-restricted diets and 10 articles on eight RCTs of IF was performed. Based on the analysis, the following recommendations are suggested. In adults with overweight or obesity, a moderately-low carbohydrate or low carbohydrate diet (mLCD) can be considered as a dietary regimen for weight reduction. In adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, mLCD can be considered as a dietary regimen for improving glycemic control and reducing body weight. In contrast, a very-low carbohydrate diet (VLCD) and IF are recommended against in patients with diabetes. Furthermore, no recommendations are suggested for VLCD and IF in adults with overweight or obesity, and carbohydrate-restricted diets and IF in patients with hypertension. Here, we describe the results of our analysis and the evidence for these recommendations.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903728

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The clinical characteristics of patients with masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) have been poorly defined, and few studies have investigated the clinical predictors of MUCH. We investigated the demographic, clinical, and blood pressure (BP) characteristics of patients with MUCH and proposed a prediction model for MUCH in patients with hypertension. @*Methods@#We analyzed 1,986 subjects who were enrolled in the Korean Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (Kor-ABP) Registry and taking antihypertensive drugs, and classified them into the controlled hypertension (n = 465) and MUCH (n = 389) groups. MUCH was defined as the presence of a 24-hour ambulatory mean systolic BP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 80 mmHg in patients treated with antihypertensive drugs, having normal office BP. @*Results@#Patients in the MUCH group had significantly worse metabolic profiles and higher office BP, and took significantly fewer antihypertensive drugs compared to those in the controlled hypertension group. Multivariate logistic regression analyses identified high office systolic BP and diastolic BP, prior stroke, dyslipidemia, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH, ≥ 116 g/m2 for men, and ≥ 96 g/m2 for women), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min), and single antihypertensive drug use as independent predictors of MUCH. A prediction model using these predictors showed a high diagnostic accuracy (C-index of 0.839) and goodness-of-fit for the presence of MUCH. @*Conclusions@#MUCH is associated with a high-normal increase in office BP and underuse of antihypertensive drugs, as well as dyslipidemia, prior stroke, and LVH, which could underscore achieving optimal BP control. The proposed model accurately predicts MUCH in patients with controlled office BP.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903683

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Beta-blockers (BBs) have been shown to improve clinical outcomes in heart failure (HF) patients. We evaluated the prescribing status of BBs in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) at discharge according to the presence or not of bradycardia, and its effect on prognosis. @*Methods@#Study data were obtained from a multicenter cohort of 3,200 patients hospitalized for HF. Patients were classified into four groups according to the presence of bradycardia and use of BBs at discharge. The primary outcome was the incidence of all-cause death during follow-up. @*Results@#Of 1,584 patients with HFrEF, 281 patients died during follow-up (median 523 days, mean 578.5 ± 429.7 days). In patients with bradycardia, the all-cause death rate did not significantly differ according to the use of BBs, but in those patients without bradycardia, the incidence of all-cause death was significantly lower in the BBs group than the no BBs group. Among these four groups, patients with heart rate (HR) ≥ 60 beats/min with no BBs group had the lowest cumulative death-free survival rate. In addition, HR ≥ 60 beats/min with BBs use was independently associated with a 31% reduced risk of all-cause death in patients with HFrEF. @*Conclusions@#BBs had a beneficial effect on clinical prognosis only in those HFrEF patients without bradycardia. Therefore, BBs should be given by clinicians to HF patients without bradycardia to improve their clinical outcomes.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903586

ABSTRACT

Centrally mediated abdominal pain syndrome (CAPS), known as functional abdominal pain syndrome in the Rome III criteria of functional gastrointestinal diseases, has a reported population prevalence of between 0.5% and 2.1%, with a female preponderance. The pathogenesis of CAPS has not been completely established, and various studies are being conducted. On the other hand, central nervous system sensitization with disinhibition of the pain signaling pathways appears to play a more important role than the up-regulation of peripheral afferent neuronal excitability. The diagnosis of CAPS is based on the Rome IV criteria (2016) and is established around the gastrointestinal symptoms combination. Various new treatment trials and effective patient-physician relationships showed progressive results.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the nutritional status and prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized children at admission and during hospitalization in South Korea. @*SUBJECTS/METHODS@#This first cross-sectional nationwide “Pediatric Nutrition Day (pNday)” survey was conducted among 872 hospitalized children (504 boys, 368 girls; 686 medical, 186 surgical) from 23 hospitals in South Korea. Malnutrition risk was screened using the Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and the Screening Tool Risk on Nutritional status and Growth. Nutritional status was assessed by z-scores of weight-for-age for underweight, weight-for-height for wasting, and height-for-age for stunting as well as laboratory tests. @*RESULTS@#At admission, of the 872 hospitalized children, 17.2% were underweight, and the prevalence of wasting and stunting was 20.2% and 17.3%, respectively. During hospitalization till pNday, 10.8% and 19.6% experienced weight loss and decreased oral intake, respectively.During the aforementioned period, fasting was more prevalent in surgical patients (7.5%) than in medical patients (1.6%) (P < 0.001). According to the PYMS, 34.3% and 30% of the children at admission and on pNday, respectively, had a high-risk of malnutrition, requiring consultation with the nutritional support team (NST). However, only 4% were actually referred to the NST during hospitalization. @*CONCLUSIONS@#Malnutrition was prevalent at admission and during hospitalization in pediatric patients, with many children experiencing weight loss and poor oral intake. To improve the nutritional status of hospitalized children, it is important to screen and identify all children at risk of malnutrition and refer malnourished patients to the multidisciplinary NST for proper nutritional interventions.

17.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1730-1741, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902496

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Although thermal ablation is effective in treating low-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs), comparison of treatment outcomes between thermal ablation and surgery has not yet been systematically evaluated. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of thermal ablation and surgery for the treatment of low-risk PTMCs. @*Materials and Methods@#Ovid-MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for studies reporting comparisons of treatment results between thermal ablation and surgery for patients with low-risk PTMC published up to April 6, 2020. The analysis evaluated the efficacy (local tumor recurrence, occurrence of new tumor, metastasis, and rescue surgery) and safety (complication rate) of thermal ablation and surgery. @*Results@#This systematic review included four studies with a total of 339 PTMCs in 339 patients who underwent thermal ablation and 320 PTMCs in 314 patients who underwent surgery. There was no local tumor recurrence or distant metastasis in either group. There was no significant difference in the pooled proportion of lymph node metastasis (2.6% with thermal ablation vs. 3.3% with surgery, p = 0.65), occurrence of new tumors (1.4% with thermal ablation vs. 1.3% with surgery, p = 0.85), or rescue surgery (2.6% with thermal ablation vs. 1.6% with surgery, p = 0.62). However, the pooled complication rate was significantly higher in the surgery group than in the ablation group (3.3% with thermal ablation vs. 7.8% with surgery, p = 0.03). @*Conclusion@#Both thermal ablation and surgery are effective and safe options for the management of low-risk PTMCs, with thermal ablation achieving a lower complication rate. Therefore, thermal ablation may be considered as an alternative treatment option for low-risk PTMC in patients who refuse surgery and active surveillance or are ineligible for surgery.

18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1640-1649, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902490

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Flattening in the anteroposterior direction (AP flattening) of the terminal ileum (TI) or sigmoid colon (SC) lying across the psoas muscle, on magnetic resonance enterography (MRE), might mimic bowel inflammation in the coronal view.This study investigated the prevalence of AP flattening and the factors associated with its development. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 364 surgery-naïve patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) who had undergone MRE were retrospectively reviewed. AP flattening was defined as a luminal collapse in the anteroposterior direction, with a bowel width in the axial plane < 1/4 of the normal diameter without reduction of bowel width in coronal images. The prevalence of AP flattening of the TI and SC on MRE in patients with bowel segments lying across the psoas muscle was determined. We further compared the rate of AP flattening between MRE and computed tomography enterography (CTE) in a subcohort of patients with prior CTE. The factors associated with AP flattening were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression in a subcohort of patients with endoscopic findings of TI. @*Results@#Three hundred and twenty-two and 363 patients, respectively, had TI and SC lying across the psoas muscle. The prevalence of AP flattening on MRE was 7.5% (24/322) in TI and 5.2% (19/363) in SC. The prevalences were significantly higher on MRE than on CTE in both the TI (7.3% [12/164] vs. 0.6% [1/164]; p = 0.003) and SC (5.8% [11/190] vs. 1.6% [3/ 190]; p = 0.039). AP flattening of the TI was independently and strongly associated with the absence of CD inflammation on endoscopy, with an adjusted odds ratio of 0.066 (p = 0.003) for the presence versus the absence (reference) of inflammation. @*Conclusion@#AP flattening of the TI or SC lying across the psoas muscle was uncommon and predominantly observed on MRE of the bowel without CD inflammation.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901448

ABSTRACT

Background@#We previously elucidated the protective mechanism of Korean red ginseng oil (RGO) against Brucella abortus infection, and our phytochemical analysis revealed that palmitic acid (PA) was an abundant component of RGO. Consequently, we investigated the contribution of PA against B. abortus. @*Objectives@#We aimed to investigate the efficacy of PA against B. abortus. infection using a murine cell line and a murine model. @*Methods@#Cell viability, bactericidal, internalization, and intracellular replication, western blot, nitric oxide (NO), and superoxide (O2 - ) analyses and flow cytometry were performed to determine the effects of PA on the progression of B. abortus. infection in macrophages. Flow cytometry for cytokine analysis of serum samples and bacterial counts from the spleens were performed to determine the effect of PA in a mouse model. @*Results@#PA did not affect the growth of B. abortus.. PA treatment in macrophages did not change B. abortus. uptake but it did attenuate the intracellular survivability of B. abortus.. Incubation of cells with PA resulted in a modest increase in sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression.Compared to control cells, reduced nitrite accumulation, augmented O2 - , and enhanced pro-inflammatory cytokine production were observed in PA-treated B. abortus.-infected cells.Mice orally treated with PA displayed a decreased serum interleukin-10 level and enhanced bacterial resistance. @*Conclusions@#Our results suggest that PA participates in the control of B. abortus. within murine macrophages, and the in vivo study results confirm its efficacy against the infection. However, further investigations are encouraged to completely characterize the mechanisms involved in the inhibition of B. abortus. infection by fatty acids.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896024

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The clinical characteristics of patients with masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) have been poorly defined, and few studies have investigated the clinical predictors of MUCH. We investigated the demographic, clinical, and blood pressure (BP) characteristics of patients with MUCH and proposed a prediction model for MUCH in patients with hypertension. @*Methods@#We analyzed 1,986 subjects who were enrolled in the Korean Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (Kor-ABP) Registry and taking antihypertensive drugs, and classified them into the controlled hypertension (n = 465) and MUCH (n = 389) groups. MUCH was defined as the presence of a 24-hour ambulatory mean systolic BP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 80 mmHg in patients treated with antihypertensive drugs, having normal office BP. @*Results@#Patients in the MUCH group had significantly worse metabolic profiles and higher office BP, and took significantly fewer antihypertensive drugs compared to those in the controlled hypertension group. Multivariate logistic regression analyses identified high office systolic BP and diastolic BP, prior stroke, dyslipidemia, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH, ≥ 116 g/m2 for men, and ≥ 96 g/m2 for women), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min), and single antihypertensive drug use as independent predictors of MUCH. A prediction model using these predictors showed a high diagnostic accuracy (C-index of 0.839) and goodness-of-fit for the presence of MUCH. @*Conclusions@#MUCH is associated with a high-normal increase in office BP and underuse of antihypertensive drugs, as well as dyslipidemia, prior stroke, and LVH, which could underscore achieving optimal BP control. The proposed model accurately predicts MUCH in patients with controlled office BP.

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