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1.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 58-65, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001335

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aimed to investigate the correlation of sarcopenic obesity with various cardiometabolic risk factors and fracture risk in middle-aged Korean women. @*Methods@#In this cross-sectional study, the medical records of 1,775 women who had visited Pusan National University Hospital for routine health screenings from 2010 to 2016 were reviewed. The patients were divided into four groups as follows: group 1, nonsarcopenic, nonobese (NS-NO); group 2, nonsarcopenic, obese (NS-O); group 3, sarcopenic, nonobese (S-NO); and group 4, sarcopenic, obese (S-O). Each patient was assessed based on self-reported questionnaires and individual interviews with a healthcare provider. The Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) was used to assess bone fracture risk. @*Results@#Postmenopausal women accounted for 68.5% of the total patient population. The proportion of each group was as follows:NS-NO, 71.2%; NS-O, 17.9%; S-NO, 10.2%; and S-O, 0.7%. Statistical analysis of various parameters associated with metabolic and cardiovascular risks revealed that the S-O group had more patients with hypertension, diabetes, osteopenia, and metabolic syndrome.The FRAX scores were significantly higher in the S-O group than in other groups. @*Conclusions@#Middle-aged women with obesity and reduced muscle mass, known as sarcopenic obesity, are at increased risk of hypertension, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, sarcopenic obesity, individual cardiometabolic risks, and menopause can increase the bone fracture risk.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e16-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967448

ABSTRACT

Methods@#Ninety-six patients with unclassifiable type MAC-PD who initiated a macrolidecontaining regimen from 2001 to 2020 were identified at a tertiary referral center in South Korea. Among these 96 patients, 1-year culture conversion rate was analyzed for 48 patients who received standard treatment (three-drug oral-antibiotic combination with or without an injectable agent) for ≥ 1 year. @*Results@#The mean age of the 96 patients was 65.4 ± 10.8 years, and 72.9% of them were male. These patients were classified into four major radiologic subtypes; the most common subtype was the focal cavity subtype (n = 31, 32.3%), followed by the focal mass or nodule (n = 23, 24.0%), consolidation upon emphysema (n = 21, 21.9%), and bronchiolitis (n = 21, 21.9%) subtypes. For the 48 patients who received standard treatment for ≥ 1 year, the overall rate of culture conversion at 1-year was 93.8%. All patients in the focal cavity subtype and focal mass or nodule subtype categories achieved 1-year culture conversion. Additionally, 1-year culture conversion rate was 92.9% in consolidation upon emphysema subtype and 75.0% in bronchiolitis subtype. @*Conclusion@#Unclassifiable type MAC-PD can be radiologically further categorized into four major radiologic subtypes. The treatment outcome of all of these subtypes seems to be favorable.

3.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 249-253, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938330

ABSTRACT

Chondrolipoma is a rare benign mesenchymoma containing mature cartilage and adipose tissues. Chondrolipoma has been encountered mainly in the oral cavity and breast; however, this type of mesenchymoma occurs extremely rarely in the knee area. This paper reports a case of a 60-year-old woman who presented with a two-year history of a palpable mass lesion at the anterior side of the left knee. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass lesion adjacent to the medial side of the patellar tendon. The mass had a heterogenous nature, consisting of fat components and calcification. Surgical excision was performed. The size of the excised mass was approximately 4.5 cm×3 cm×4 cm, and it had a round shape and was encapsulated. The posterior part of the mass had a mixed pattern comprised of fat and cartilage tissues. A pathological examination showed that the chondrolipoma was composed of mature adipose and hyaline cartilage tissues.

4.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 386-392, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937385

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study evaluated the outcomes of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction using a gracilis tendon suture technique for patients with patellar instability. Potential factors affecting clinical efficacy were also evaluated. @*Methods@#This study included 22 patients diagnosed with patellar instability, who underwent MPFL reconstruction using a gracilis tendon. Their mean age was 21.5 years (range, 15–48 years), and the mean follow-up period was 26.8 months (range, 12–66 months). Clinical evaluation included the determination of Kujala, Lysholm, and Tegner scores. Radiographic evaluation included changes in congruence angle and arthritic changes in the patellofemoral joint. Additionally, patients were examined for any complications, including recurrent dislocation. Factors affecting clinical efficacy were also evaluated. @*Results@#All clinical scores improved at final follow-up. The mean congruence angle improved from 23.6° before surgery to –6.5° at final follow-up. Two of 15 patients developed osteoarthritic changes in the patellofemoral joint. Dislocation recurred in 2 patients with type C trochlear dysplasia, which showed a statistically significant association with recurrent dislocation when compared to type A and B dysplasia (p = 0.026). Kujala scores were significantly lower among patients with abnormal patellar tilts (p = 0.038), and Lysholm scores were significantly lower among patients with femoral internal rotation deformity (p = 0.024). @*Conclusions@#Satisfactory results were obtained after MPFL reconstruction using a gracilis tendon suture technique for patients with patellar instability. However, dislocation recurred in patients with type C trochlear dysplasia, and clinical efficacy was lower among patients with femoral internal rotation and patellar tilt.

5.
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow ; : 296-303, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966750

ABSTRACT

Background@#A previous study reported that hyperlipidemia increases the incidence of tears in the rotator cuff tendon and affects healing after repair. The aim of our study was to compare the gene and protein expression of torn rotator cuff tendons in patients both with and without hypercholesterolemia. @*Methods@#Thirty patients who provided rotator cuff tendon samples were classified into either a non-hypercholesterolemia group (n=19, serum total cholesterol [TC] <200 mg/dL) and hypercholesterolemia group (n=11, serum TC ≥240 mg/dL) based on their concentrations of serum TC. The expression of various genes of interest, including COL1A1, IGF1, IL-6, MMP2, MMP3, MMP9, MMP13, TNMD, and TP53, was analyzed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). In addition, Western blot analysis was performed on the proteins encoded by interleukin (IL)-6 and TP53 that showed significantly different expression levels in real-time qRT-PCR. @*Results@#Except for IGF1, the gene expression levels of IL-6, MMP2, MMP9, and TP53 were significantly higher in the hypercholesterolemic group than in the non-hypercholesterolemia group. Western blot analysis confirmed significantly higher protein levels of IL-6 and TP53 in the hypercholesterolemic group (p<0.05). @*Conclusions@#We observed an increase in inflammatory cytokine and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels in hypercholesterolemic patients with rotator cuff tears. Increased levels of IL-6 and TP53 were observed at both the mRNA and protein levels. We suggest that the overexpression of IL-6 and TP53 may be a specific feature in rotator cuff disease patients with hypercholesterolemia.

6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 505-516, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925688

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the real-world efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), and to identify clinicolaboratory factors to predict treatment outcomes in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) receiving ICIs. @*Materials and Methods@#Sixty patients with metastatic or unresectable ESCC treated with nivolumab (n=48) or pembrolizumab (n=12) as ≥ second-line treatment between 2016 and 2019 at Asan Medical Center were included. @*Results@#The median age of the patients was 68 years (range, 52 to 76 years), and 93.3% were male. Most patients had metastatic disease (81.7%) and had been previously treated with fluoropyrimidines, platinum, and taxane. In 53 patients with measurable disease, the overall response rate and disease control rate were 15.1% and 35.8%, respectively. With a median follow-up duration of 16.0 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 1.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.54 to 2.19) and 6.4 months (95% CI, 4.77 to 8.11), respectively. After multivariate analysis, recent use of antibiotics, low prognostic nutrition index (< 35.93), high Glasgow Prognosis Score (≥ 1) at baseline, and ≥ 1.4-fold increase in neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio after one cycle from baseline were significantly unfavorable factors for both PFS and OS. Younger age (< 65 years) was a significant factor for unfavorable PFS and hyponatremia (< 135 mmol/L) for unfavorable OS. @*Conclusion@#The use of ICIs after the failure of chemotherapy showed comparable efficacy in patients with advanced ESCC in real practice; this may be associated with host immune-nutritional status, which could be predicted by clinical and routine laboratory factors.

7.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 126-130, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897048

ABSTRACT

Sebaceous neoplasms are rare adnexal tumors that can present a challenge to clinicians. Only four cases of sebaceous carcinoma with sebaceoma have been reported in the literature. Herein, we describe the case of a sebaceous carcinoma originating from a sebaceoma in a solitary nodule of the posterior neck. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were strongly positive for epithelial membrane antigen and p53. It is possible that adnexal carcinomas may arise from malignant transformation of their benign counterparts as well as de novo. Malignant transformation was likely in this case because the lesion was composed of distinct benign and malignant components, and the benign component showed the typical histopathological features of sebaceoma. This case underscores the fact that partial and superficial biopsies sometimes may not provide the correct diagnosis. If a surgeon suspects malignancy based on a clinical examination, then it is mandatory to perform a deep biopsy.

8.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 317-323, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892800

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pokemon is an oncogenic transcription regulator that plays a critical role in cellular differentiation. Although it has been found to be overexpressed in several types of cancer involving different organs, its role in thyroid gland has yet to be reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of Pokemon in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) based on clinicopathological parameters. @*Methods@#Tissue microarray samples derived from patients with PTC or benign thyroid disease were used to evaluate Pokemon expression based on immunohistochemical analysis. Correlations of its expression with various clinicopathological parameters were then analyzed. @*Results@#Pokemon expression was observed in 22.0% of thyroid follicular cells from the normal group, 44.0% from the group with benign thyroid diseases, and 92.1% from the group with PTC (p < .001). The intensity of Pokemon expression was markedly higher in the PTC group. Pokemon expression level and PTC tumor size showed an inverse correlation. T1a tumors showed strong expression levels of Pokemon. However, larger tumors showed weak expression (p = .006). @*Conclusions@#Pokemon expression is associated with tumorigenesis of PTC, with expression showing an inverse correlation with PTC tumor size. This might be related to the negative regulation of aerobic glycolysis by Pokemon.

9.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 126-130, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889344

ABSTRACT

Sebaceous neoplasms are rare adnexal tumors that can present a challenge to clinicians. Only four cases of sebaceous carcinoma with sebaceoma have been reported in the literature. Herein, we describe the case of a sebaceous carcinoma originating from a sebaceoma in a solitary nodule of the posterior neck. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were strongly positive for epithelial membrane antigen and p53. It is possible that adnexal carcinomas may arise from malignant transformation of their benign counterparts as well as de novo. Malignant transformation was likely in this case because the lesion was composed of distinct benign and malignant components, and the benign component showed the typical histopathological features of sebaceoma. This case underscores the fact that partial and superficial biopsies sometimes may not provide the correct diagnosis. If a surgeon suspects malignancy based on a clinical examination, then it is mandatory to perform a deep biopsy.

10.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 99-106, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938861

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the dietary patterns of Korean women diagnosed with endometrioma or other benign ovarian cysts. @*Methods@#A total of 66 patients, comprising 39 patients who were surgically diagnosed with ovarian endometrioma and 27 control patients with other benign ovarian cysts, were included in this case-control study. Trained interviewers identified and interviewed the case patients and controls on the day before the laparoscopic ovarian surgery, using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire developed by the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Korea. Statistical analysis was performed using the Wilcoxon sum-rank test for continuous variables and the χ2 test or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables. @*Results@#The calcium intake from daily food consumption was significantly lower in patients with endometrioma than in those with other benign ovarian cysts. The dietary intakes of vitamin D, iron, and zinc were also relatively lower in patients with endometrioma than in patients with other benign ovarian cysts, although they did not reach the statistical significance threshold. @*Conclusion@#The risk of endometrioma is significantly associated with a lower dietary intake of calcium. Future studies including a larger number of patients on a nationwide scale are urgently required for further clarification.

11.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 12-20, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874065

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Respiratory virus infection is a common cause of hospitalization in children. Rapid testing for respiratory viruses, such as the FilmArray method, can be clinically useful. However, insufficient evidence exists to support its use in standard clinical care. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed data from children under 18 years old who received the multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction array (multiplex RT-PCR) method in 2017 and by FilmArray respiratory panel (FilmArray RP) in 2018. @*Results@#Between January, 2017 and December, 2018, we reviewed data from 1,480 hospitalized children. The number of children with virus detection in respiratory viral PCR was 523 in the multiplex RT-PCR method and 419 in the FilmArray method. Seasonal virus outbreak patterns were similar to those of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in both groups. There was no difference between the 2 groups in the mean length of hospital stay. The time from admission to isolation by influenza infection was significantly shorter in the FilmArray group than in the multiplex RT-PCR group among patients who were not diagnosed with influenza infection by rapid antigen test at the time of admission. @*Conclusion@#The use of FilmArray method for respiratory viruses did not diminish length of hospital stay. However, the FilmArray method may quickly detect the prevalence of respiratory infection and aid in clinical treatment. In addition, it was related with a reduced time from admission to isolation by influenza infection in hospitalized children who were not identified with influenza infection by rapid antigen test at the time of admission.

12.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 317-323, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900504

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pokemon is an oncogenic transcription regulator that plays a critical role in cellular differentiation. Although it has been found to be overexpressed in several types of cancer involving different organs, its role in thyroid gland has yet to be reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of Pokemon in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) based on clinicopathological parameters. @*Methods@#Tissue microarray samples derived from patients with PTC or benign thyroid disease were used to evaluate Pokemon expression based on immunohistochemical analysis. Correlations of its expression with various clinicopathological parameters were then analyzed. @*Results@#Pokemon expression was observed in 22.0% of thyroid follicular cells from the normal group, 44.0% from the group with benign thyroid diseases, and 92.1% from the group with PTC (p < .001). The intensity of Pokemon expression was markedly higher in the PTC group. Pokemon expression level and PTC tumor size showed an inverse correlation. T1a tumors showed strong expression levels of Pokemon. However, larger tumors showed weak expression (p = .006). @*Conclusions@#Pokemon expression is associated with tumorigenesis of PTC, with expression showing an inverse correlation with PTC tumor size. This might be related to the negative regulation of aerobic glycolysis by Pokemon.

13.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 336-343, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920235

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Claudin-1 (CLDN-1) is the major component of tight junctions and functions in controlling cell to cell adhesion. Certain claudins were expressed aberrantly and proved to have prognostic significance in various human cancers. However, its clinical significance has been poorly understood in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between CLDN-1 expression and clinicopathologic parameters in HNSCC.Subjects and Method The surgical specimens of primary HNSCCs from a consecutive cohort of 91 patients were retrospectively collected. Immunohistochemical staining for CLDN-1 was performed blindly by two pathologists. CLDN-1 staining intensity was scored semi-quantitatively on a scale of 0 to 3 (0: negative; 1: weak; 2: moderate; 3: strong). For the statistical analysis, the expression levels were classified as low (negative and weak) and high (moderate and strong). Next, the association between CLDN-1 expression and clinicopathological features & clinical outcomes was analyzed. @*Results@#The increased CLDN-1 expression was significantly associated with lymphatic invasion (p=0.019). The expression level of CLDN-1 was not associated with pathological T stage, lymph node metastasis or recurrence. Kaplan-Meier analysis found that 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 53% in patients with high level CLDN-1 expression and 74% in patients with low level CLDN-1 expression. It also found that 5-year OS rate was 49% in patients with high level CLDN-1 expression and 68% in patients with low level CLDN-1 expression. A significantly poor OS rate was recorded in patients with high level of CLDN-1 expression compared to patients with low level CLDN-1 expression (p=0.022). @*Conclusion@#CLDN-1 may serve as useful prognostic marker in patients with HNSCCs.

14.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 116-124, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918388

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To evaluate the side effects and causes of discontinuation of either combined oral contraceptives or dienogest (DNG) used to prevent recurrence in patients with surgically confirmed endometriosis. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 213 women with endometriosis who had been treated with combined oral contraceptives (ethinyl estradiol 0.02 mg/drospirenone 3 mg [EE/DRSP]) or DNG 2 mg for 12 months or more. The side effects reported by the patients, laboratory parameters, causes of discontinuation of medication, and recurrence rates were evaluated one, two, three, four, and five years after starting medication (Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4, and Y5). @*Results@#EE/DRSP were administered to 59 patients, while DNG was administered to 154 patients. The mean durations of postoperative use of EE/DRSP and DNG were 44.5 ± 22.6 months and 23.6 ± 13.5 months, respectively. The prevalence of side effects was 27.1%, 19.0%, 10.0%, 10.5%, and 7.4% in the EE/DRSP group and 29.2%, 15.7%, 14.0%, 23.1%, and 0.0% in the DNG group at Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4, and Y5, respectively. The discontinuation rates were 1.7%, 1.7%, 4.0%, 0.0%, and 7.4% at Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4, and Y5, respectively, in the EE/DRSP group and 10.4%, 3.3%, 4.0%, 3.8%, and 0.0% at the same times in the DNG group. The recurrence rates were less than 4% in both the groups. @*Conclusions@#The side effects of commonly prescribed postoperative hormone treatments were relatively mild, and the occurrence of side effects decreased with continuous administration. Further, the long-term use of postoperative hormone treatments is likely to prevent recurrence of endometriosis after surgery.

16.
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow ; : 31-36, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831946

ABSTRACT

Bony lesions of the glenoid and Hill-Sachs lesions are the most common injuries after a first-time traumatic shoulder dislocation. However, fracture of the coracoid process after traumatic shoulder dislocation is rare. A single, open surgical procedure could be performed by a Latarjet procedure using a fractured fragment of the coracoid process. If a fracture of the coracoid process is associated with a traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation, the Latarjet procedure may be the most appropriate surgical option.

17.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 460-465, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831433

ABSTRACT

Background@#Fungal melanonychia (FM) is a rare nail disorder that presents as dark pigmentation in the nail plate because of fungal nail infection. The diagnosis of FM is occasionally confusing because its appearance is similar to melanonychia due to other causes including malignant melanoma. Dermoscopy could help increase the accuracy of diagnosing the cause of pigmented nail lesions. However, dermoscopic features of FM are not well elucidated. @*Objective@#This study aimed to investigate clinical and dermoscopic characteristics of FM. @*Methods@#The clinical features and dermoscopic findings of 20 patients diagnosed with FM and 14 patients diagnosed with subungual melanoma the Department of Dermatology of Pusan National University Hospitals (Busan and Yangsan) were retrospectively reviewed. @*Results@#FM mainly occurred as a solitary form in the toenail. Patients in the FM group were older than those in the subungual melanoma group. The most distinguishable general dermoscopic features in FM were a distal diffuse pattern, distal linear pattern, and light brown to yellowish color. FM-associated specific dermoscopic patterns such as the reverse triangular pattern, subungual hyperkeratosis, scale on the nail surface, and white or yellowish streaks were dominantly observed in the FM group compared to the subungual melanoma group. @*Conclusion@#FM-associated dermoscopic patterns and distal diffuse and linear patterns could be helpful diagnostic clues for differential diagnosis of FM from subungual melanoma.

18.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 344-348, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830408

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was performed to evaluate the incidence of vasovagal reactions (VVRs) and the efficacy of lidocaine injection for prevention. @*Methods@#One hundred seventeen patients diagnosed with hemorrhoids and scheduled to undergo a stapled hemorrhoidopexy (SH) were randomly divided according to submucosal injection to the rectum: lidocaine group (n = 53, lidocaine injected just before full closure of the stapler) and control group (n = 58). Outcomes included baseline patient characteristics (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and previous VVR history), vital signs during the operation, incidence of VVRs (hypotension, bradycardia, dizziness, diaphoresis, and nausea/vomiting), and postoperative complications (pain, bleeding, and urinary retention). @*Results@#Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. The number of patients with lower abdominal pain after firing the stapler and incidence of dizziness were lower for the lidocaine group than for the control group (9.4% vs. 25.9%, P = 0.017; 0% vs. 8.6%, P = 0.035, respectively). However, there were no significant between-group differences in incidence of nausea and diaphoresis (0% vs. 3.4%, P = 0.172) and syncope (1.9% vs. 3.4%, P = 0.612). Fewer patients in the lidocaine group complained of postoperative pain (41.5% vs. 58.6%, P = 0.072), and these patients used analgesics less frequently than those in the control group (28.3% vs. 36.2%, P = 0.374). @*Conclusion@#Patients who received a submucosal lidocaine injection prior to SH experienced less lower abdominal pain and dizziness compared with those who received standard treatment. A larger, more detailed prospective study is needed for further analysis.

19.
The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine ; : 217-224, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837322

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of kartogenin (KGN) on the tendon-bone interface in a rat rotator cuff tear model. @*Methods@#Twenty male rats were divided into two equal groups; group 1 (repair only) and group 2 (KGN single injection). A rat rotator cuff rupture model was prepared, and KGN (500 μM) was injected into the repair site. The specimens were collected after 8 weeks, and biomechanical and histological analyses were performed. We assessed the healing quality of the tendon-to-bone repair site using six aspects of tendon tissue. The histological findings were classified semiquantitatively into four grades (grade 0, the poorest appearance; grade 1, poorer; grade 2, better; and grade 3, marked regeneration). @*Results@#Group 2 showed a higher mean ultimate load to failure than the control group (group 1: 25.78±31.38 N, group 2: 55.64±36.02 N; p=0.011). On histological analysis, group 2 exhibited a significantly greater total score (group 1: 7.20±2.14, group 2: 9.50±1.84; p=0.019), collagen fiber continuity (group 1: 1.20±0.42, group 2: 1.70±0.48; p=0.024), and collagen fiber density (group 1: 1.50±0.52, group 2: 2.20±0.63; p=0.080). Metachromasia were more intense in group 2 than in the control group. @*Conclusion@#A single injection of KGN reinforces biomechanical strength and the formation of collagen and fibrocartilage at the tendon-to-bone interface in a rat rotator cuff tear model.

20.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 114-120, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835289

ABSTRACT

Background@#Evidence is lacking on whether the resection of lung parenchymal cancer improves the survival of patients with unexpected pleural metastasis encountered during surgery. We conducted a single-center retrospective study to determine the role of lung resection in the long-term survival of these patients. @*Methods@#Among 4683 patients who underwent lung surgery between 1995 and 2014, 132 (2.8%) had pleural metastasis. After excluding 2 patients who had incomplete medical records, 130 patients’ data were collected. Only a diagnostic pleural and/or lung biopsy was performed in 90 patients, while the lung parenchymal mass was resected in 40 patients. @*Results@#The mean follow-up duration was 29.8 months. The 5-year survival rate of the resection group (34.7%±9.4%) was superior to that of the biopsy group (15.9%±4.3%, p=0.016). Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that primary tumor resection (p=0.041), systemic treatment (p<0.001), lower clinical N stage (p=0.018), and adenocarcinoma histology (p=0.009) were significant predictors of a favorable outcome. Interestingly, primary tumor resection only played a significant prognostic role in patients who received systemic treatment. @*Conclusion@#When pleural metastasis is unexpectedly encountered during surgical exploration, resection in conjunction with systemic treatment may improve long-term survival, especially in adenocarcinoma patients without lymph node metastasis.

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