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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875567

ABSTRACT

Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare, progressive immune-mediated systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterized by recurrent inflammation of cartilaginous structures. Approximately 30% of RP cases are associated with other autoimmune diseases. However, the co-occurrence of RP and Crohn disease (CD) has rarely been reported. Herein, we present a 35-year-old woman diagnosed with RP and CD, who was refractory to initial conventional medications, including azathioprine and glucocorticoid, but who subsequently responded to infliximab (IFX). For both diseases, remission was sustained with IFX. There has been no previous report regarding the successful treatment of co-existing RP and CD with IFX.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875496

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We investigated the distribution of serum uric acid (SUA) levels and estimated the prevalence of hyperuricemia and hypouricemia in the Korean population. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional study used data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study and included 172,970 participants (58,981 men and 113,989 women) aged 40 to 79 years. Hypouricemia and hyperuricemia were defined as SUA level ≤ 2.0 mg/dL and > 7 mg/dL, respectively. The prevalence of hyperuricemia and hypouricemia was evaluated by age and sex. @*Results@#The mean SUA levels were significantly higher in men than in women (5.71 ± 1.27 mg/dL vs. 4.21 ± 0.96 mg/dL, p < 0.001). The mean SUA levels and prevalence of hyperuricemia increased with age in women but not in men. The overall prevalence of hyperuricemia and that in men and women was 50.82, 133.25, and 8.17 per 1,000 persons, respectively; the overall prevalence of hypouricemia and that in men and women was 4.16, 1.10, and 5.75 per 1,000 persons, respectively. The prevalence of hypouricemia in men was similar across all age groups; however, that in women was the highest in the age group of 40 to 49 years and the lowest in the age group of 50 to 59 years. @*Conclusions@#The distribution of SUA levels and prevalence of hyperuricemia and hypouricemia differed according to age and sex. Age and sex should be considered in studies on uric acid-related diseases.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875195

ABSTRACT

Sarcoidosis is a chronic multi-organ disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by the development of non-caseating granulomas. Scar sarcoidosis is a cutaneous manifestation of sarcoidosis that originates in old cutaneous scars. Sarcoidosis may develop in scars that occur after surgery, vaccination, cosmetic tattoos, and herpes zoster infection. Upper eyelid blepharoplasty is the most popular aesthetic facial surgery performed in the Asian population. Despite the large number of blepharoplasty procedures performed over the last century, relatively few reports have described scar sarcoidosis involving a blepharoplasty scar. We report a rare case of sarcoidosis that originated in a post-blepharoplasty scar, together with a literature review. Scar sarcoidosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients who present with post-blepharoplasty changes in an old scar.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899179

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the most common etiology for intestinal failure (IF) and these patients are at high risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies. This study aimed at assessing the level of vitamins in adult SBS patients at different stages of their disease before the initiation of multidisciplinary intestinal rehabilitation. @*Methods@#Patient data from November 2015 to March 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Adult patients who underwent extensive bowel resection and were classified as SBS-IF were selected. Clinical data including age, sex, etiology of IF, biochemical data, nutritional status, nutrition support, and outcome of intestinal rehabilitation were analyzed. @*Results@#Nine patients with SBS-IF were included in the analysis. There were 6 male patients and 3 female patients, with a median age of 55.0 years. Vitamin levels were analyzed at 306 days (median) after the development of SBS. At the time of vitamin levels screening, 4 patients were receiving daily intravenous vitamin supplementation. Five patients were not receiving vitamin supplementations, either intravenously or orally. Vitamin B12 was within the normal range in 6 patients and higher than normal in 3 patients. Vitamin D was within the normal range in 3 patients and lower than normal in 6 patients. Vitamin E was within the normal range in 7 patients and higher than normal in 2 patients. Folate was within the normal range in 8 patients (not checked in 1 patient). Ambulatory patients had significantly higher vitamin D levels compared to hospitalized patients (P=0.015). @*Conclusion@#Vitamin D levels had decreased in 67% of patients with SBS in Korea, while vitamin B12, folate, and vitamin E deficiencies were rarely seen.

5.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 275-284, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898358

ABSTRACT

Neurogenesis persists in restricted regions of the adult brain, including the subventricular zone (SVZ). Adult neural stem cells (NSCs) in the SVZ proliferate and give rise to new neurons and glial cells depending on intrinsic and environmental cues. Among the multiple factors that contribute to the chemical, physical, and mechanical components of the neurogenic niche, we focused on the composition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of vasculature and fractones in the SVZ. The SVZ consists of ECM-rich blood vessels and fractones during development and adulthood, and adult neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs) preferentially attach to the laminin-rich basal lamina. To examine the ECM preference of adult NS/PCs, we designed a competition assay using cell micropatterning. Although both laminin and collagen type IV, which are the main components of basal lamina, act as physical scaffolds, adult NS/PCs preferred to adhere to laminin over collagen type IV. Interestingly, the ECM preference of adult NS/ PCs could be manipulated by chemokines such as stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF1) and α6 integrin. As SDF1 re-routes NSCs and their progenitors toward the injury site after brain damage, these results suggest that the alteration in ECM preferences may provide a molecular basis for contextdependent NS/PC positioning.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898052

ABSTRACT

The Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Korean Diabetes Association (KDA) updated the previous clinical practice guidelines for Korean adults with diabetes and prediabetes and published the seventh edition in May 2021. We performed a comprehensive systematic review of recent clinical trials and evidence that could be applicable in real-world practice and suitable for the Korean population. The guideline is provided for all healthcare providers including physicians, diabetes experts, and certified diabetes educators across the country who manage patients with diabetes or the individuals at the risk of developing diabetes mellitus. The recommendations for screening diabetes and glucose-lowering agents have been revised and updated. New sections for continuous glucose monitoring, insulin pump use, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with diabetes mellitus have been added. The KDA recommends active vaccination for coronavirus disease 2019 in patients with diabetes during the pandemic. An abridgement that contains practical information for patient education and systematic management in the clinic was published separately.

7.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 53-57, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897861

ABSTRACT

We report a case of neurolymphomatosis of lumbosacral plexus. A 63-year-old man, who had no past history except for diabetes mellitus, complained of severe pain and weakness on left lower extremity. Idiopathic lumbosacral plexopathy was diagnosed by electromyography. There were no abnormal findings except for FDG-PET/CT and MRI. They showed high uptake and thickening lesion in sciatic nerve and sacral plexus. However, about 7 months later, mass like lesion in left thigh was detected by FDG-PET/CT and MRI. Also, multiple hypermetabolic lesions were found in brain. Through brain biopsy, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was confirmed. When a patient with idiopathic lumbosacral plexopathy complains of severe pain, it is necessary to consider FDG-PET/CT and MRI to differentiate neurolymphomatosis, even in patients who have no past history of lymphoma before. Especially, if FDG-PET/CT and MRI show sciatic and/or lumbosacral plexus lesion, neurolymphomatosis of lumbosacral plexus should be considered.

8.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 185-190, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897511

ABSTRACT

Acer mono is known to contain bioactive substances that exhibit beneficial effects in osteoporosis, gastric ulcers, hepatic damage, and pathologic angiogenesis. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of Acer mono extract on the invasive activities and cell-cycle progression of human fibrosarcoma cells. Cytotoxicity of Acer mono extract was assessed by MTT assay, in-vitro invasiveness of HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells was measured using matrigel assay, expression of invasion- and cell-cycle-related proteins was analyzed by western blot analysis, and that of E2F target genes was quantified using qRT-PCR. Acer mono extract did not show distinct cytotoxicity in the experimental concentrations used. Invasiveness of HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells and expression of cyclin D1 and CDK4 in them were significantly reduced in a dose-dependent manner after treatment with Acer mono extract. Acer mono extract showed inhibitory effects on the G1/S transition during cell-cycle progression; the active phosphorylated Rb protein level was decreased, and expression of E2F target genes was downregulated by the Acer mono extract. Our data collectively demonstrated that Acer mono extract exerts inhibitory effects on the invasiveness and cell-cycle progression of HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893701

ABSTRACT

Sudden cardiac death is an unexpected death originating from the heart that occurs within an hour of the onset of symptoms. The main cause of sudden cardiac death is arrhythmia; however, diagnosing underlying structural heart disease significantly contributes to predicting the long-term risk. Cardiovascular CT and MR provide important information for diagnosing and evaluating structural heart disease, enabling the prediction and preparation of the risk of sudden cardiac death. Therefore, we would like to focus on the various structural heart diseases that increase the risk of clinically-important sudden cardiac death and the importance of imaging findings.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891475

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the most common etiology for intestinal failure (IF) and these patients are at high risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies. This study aimed at assessing the level of vitamins in adult SBS patients at different stages of their disease before the initiation of multidisciplinary intestinal rehabilitation. @*Methods@#Patient data from November 2015 to March 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Adult patients who underwent extensive bowel resection and were classified as SBS-IF were selected. Clinical data including age, sex, etiology of IF, biochemical data, nutritional status, nutrition support, and outcome of intestinal rehabilitation were analyzed. @*Results@#Nine patients with SBS-IF were included in the analysis. There were 6 male patients and 3 female patients, with a median age of 55.0 years. Vitamin levels were analyzed at 306 days (median) after the development of SBS. At the time of vitamin levels screening, 4 patients were receiving daily intravenous vitamin supplementation. Five patients were not receiving vitamin supplementations, either intravenously or orally. Vitamin B12 was within the normal range in 6 patients and higher than normal in 3 patients. Vitamin D was within the normal range in 3 patients and lower than normal in 6 patients. Vitamin E was within the normal range in 7 patients and higher than normal in 2 patients. Folate was within the normal range in 8 patients (not checked in 1 patient). Ambulatory patients had significantly higher vitamin D levels compared to hospitalized patients (P=0.015). @*Conclusion@#Vitamin D levels had decreased in 67% of patients with SBS in Korea, while vitamin B12, folate, and vitamin E deficiencies were rarely seen.

11.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 275-284, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890654

ABSTRACT

Neurogenesis persists in restricted regions of the adult brain, including the subventricular zone (SVZ). Adult neural stem cells (NSCs) in the SVZ proliferate and give rise to new neurons and glial cells depending on intrinsic and environmental cues. Among the multiple factors that contribute to the chemical, physical, and mechanical components of the neurogenic niche, we focused on the composition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of vasculature and fractones in the SVZ. The SVZ consists of ECM-rich blood vessels and fractones during development and adulthood, and adult neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs) preferentially attach to the laminin-rich basal lamina. To examine the ECM preference of adult NS/PCs, we designed a competition assay using cell micropatterning. Although both laminin and collagen type IV, which are the main components of basal lamina, act as physical scaffolds, adult NS/PCs preferred to adhere to laminin over collagen type IV. Interestingly, the ECM preference of adult NS/ PCs could be manipulated by chemokines such as stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF1) and α6 integrin. As SDF1 re-routes NSCs and their progenitors toward the injury site after brain damage, these results suggest that the alteration in ECM preferences may provide a molecular basis for contextdependent NS/PC positioning.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890348

ABSTRACT

The Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Korean Diabetes Association (KDA) updated the previous clinical practice guidelines for Korean adults with diabetes and prediabetes and published the seventh edition in May 2021. We performed a comprehensive systematic review of recent clinical trials and evidence that could be applicable in real-world practice and suitable for the Korean population. The guideline is provided for all healthcare providers including physicians, diabetes experts, and certified diabetes educators across the country who manage patients with diabetes or the individuals at the risk of developing diabetes mellitus. The recommendations for screening diabetes and glucose-lowering agents have been revised and updated. New sections for continuous glucose monitoring, insulin pump use, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with diabetes mellitus have been added. The KDA recommends active vaccination for coronavirus disease 2019 in patients with diabetes during the pandemic. An abridgement that contains practical information for patient education and systematic management in the clinic was published separately.

13.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 53-57, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890157

ABSTRACT

We report a case of neurolymphomatosis of lumbosacral plexus. A 63-year-old man, who had no past history except for diabetes mellitus, complained of severe pain and weakness on left lower extremity. Idiopathic lumbosacral plexopathy was diagnosed by electromyography. There were no abnormal findings except for FDG-PET/CT and MRI. They showed high uptake and thickening lesion in sciatic nerve and sacral plexus. However, about 7 months later, mass like lesion in left thigh was detected by FDG-PET/CT and MRI. Also, multiple hypermetabolic lesions were found in brain. Through brain biopsy, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was confirmed. When a patient with idiopathic lumbosacral plexopathy complains of severe pain, it is necessary to consider FDG-PET/CT and MRI to differentiate neurolymphomatosis, even in patients who have no past history of lymphoma before. Especially, if FDG-PET/CT and MRI show sciatic and/or lumbosacral plexus lesion, neurolymphomatosis of lumbosacral plexus should be considered.

14.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 185-190, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889807

ABSTRACT

Acer mono is known to contain bioactive substances that exhibit beneficial effects in osteoporosis, gastric ulcers, hepatic damage, and pathologic angiogenesis. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of Acer mono extract on the invasive activities and cell-cycle progression of human fibrosarcoma cells. Cytotoxicity of Acer mono extract was assessed by MTT assay, in-vitro invasiveness of HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells was measured using matrigel assay, expression of invasion- and cell-cycle-related proteins was analyzed by western blot analysis, and that of E2F target genes was quantified using qRT-PCR. Acer mono extract did not show distinct cytotoxicity in the experimental concentrations used. Invasiveness of HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells and expression of cyclin D1 and CDK4 in them were significantly reduced in a dose-dependent manner after treatment with Acer mono extract. Acer mono extract showed inhibitory effects on the G1/S transition during cell-cycle progression; the active phosphorylated Rb protein level was decreased, and expression of E2F target genes was downregulated by the Acer mono extract. Our data collectively demonstrated that Acer mono extract exerts inhibitory effects on the invasiveness and cell-cycle progression of HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919326

ABSTRACT

Composition of the gut microbiota changes with aging and plays an important role in age-associated disease such as metabolic syndrome, cancer, and neurodegeneration. The gut microbiota composition oscillates through the day, and the disruption of their diurnal rhythm results in gut dysbiosis leading to metabolic and immune dysfunctions. It is well documented that circadian rhythm changes with age in several biological functions such as sleep, body temperature, and hormone secretion. However, it is not defined whether the diurnal pattern of gut microbial composition is affected by aging. To evaluate aging effects on the diurnal pattern of the gut microbiome, we evaluated the taxa profiles of cecal contents obtained from young and aged mice of both sexes at daytime and nighttime points by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. At the phylum level, the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes and the relative abundances of Verrucomicrobia and Cyanobacteria were increased in aged male mice at night compared with that of young male mice. Meanwhile, the relative abundances of Sutterellaceae, Alloprevotella, Lachnospiraceae UCG-001, and Parasutterella increased in aged female mice at night compared with that of young female mice. The Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group relative abundance increased in aged mice of both sexes but at opposite time points. These results showed the changes in diurnal patterns of gut microbial composition with aging, which varied depending on the sex of the host. We suggest that disturbed diurnal patterns of the gut microbiome can be a factor for the underlying mechanism of age-associated gut dysbiosis.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901405

ABSTRACT

Sudden cardiac death is an unexpected death originating from the heart that occurs within an hour of the onset of symptoms. The main cause of sudden cardiac death is arrhythmia; however, diagnosing underlying structural heart disease significantly contributes to predicting the long-term risk. Cardiovascular CT and MR provide important information for diagnosing and evaluating structural heart disease, enabling the prediction and preparation of the risk of sudden cardiac death. Therefore, we would like to focus on the various structural heart diseases that increase the risk of clinically-important sudden cardiac death and the importance of imaging findings.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897396

ABSTRACT

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been known to improve the motor function through modulation of excitability in the cerebral cortex. However, most studies with rTMS were limited to post-stroke patients with mild to moderate motor impairments. The effect of rTMS on severe upper-limb motor impairment remains unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of rTMS on the upper extremity function in post-stroke patients with severe upper-limb motor impairment. Subjects were divided into 3 groups, low-, high-frequency rTMS and control group were received stimulation 10 times for 2 weeks. The motor scale of Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and cortical excitability on the unaffected hemisphere were measured before and after performing 10 rTMS sessions. The motor scale of upper extremity FMA (UE-FMA) and shoulder component of the UE-FMA were significantly improved in both low- and high-frequency rTMS groups. However, no significant improvement was observed in the wrist and hand components. No significant differences were noted in low- and high-frequency rTMS groups. The amplitude of motor evoked potential on the unaffected hemisphere showed a significant decrease in the low- and high-frequency stimulation groups. rTMS may be helpful in improving upper extremity motor function even in post-stroke patients with severe upper-limb motor impairment.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896615

ABSTRACT

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is defined as the occurrence of spontaneous wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks in the absence of specific causes. It is a common condition associated with substantial disease burden both for affected individuals and societies in many countries, including Korea. CSU frequently persists for several years and requires high-intensity treatment; therefore, patients experience deteriorations in quality of life and medication-associated complications. During the last decade, there have been major advances in the pharmacological treatment of CSU and there is an outstanding need for evidence-based guidelines that reflect clinical practice in Korea. The guidelines reported here represent a joint initiative of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology and the Korean Dermatological Association, and aim to provide evidence-based guidance for the management of CSU in Korean adults and children. In Part 1, disease definition, guideline scope and development methodology as well as evidence-based recommendations on the use of antihistamines and corticosteroids are summarized.

19.
Journal of Korean Diabetes ; : 105-115, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895829

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease commonly develops in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease and related cardiovascular complications. Meanwhile, despite the current standard of care that includes optimized glucose control and the use of single-agent blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), patients with T2DM remain at increased risk for premature death and complications due to cardiorenal causes. Recent studies using sodiumglucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have shown not only glucose lowering effects, but also a reduction in blood pressure, weight loss, and lower cardiovascular risk. Regarding renal outcomes, the use of SGLT2 inhibitors slows the progression of kidney disease compared to placebo when added to standard care. However, concern has been raised that currently available SGLT2 inhibitors in Korea may also be associated with improved renal outcomes during long-term treatment. As a result, we aimed to evaluate the effect of long-term SGLT2 inhibitor treatment on renal function in patients with T2DM using meta-analysis.

20.
Article in 0 | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893558

ABSTRACT

Ascariasis is an intestinal disease caused by Ascaris lumbricoides. Most patients with ascariasis are asymptomatic; however, the presence of many larvae in the bowel can cause gastrointestinal complications, such as intestinal obstruction, obstructive jaundice, cholangitis, cholecystitis, and pancreatitis. Herein, we report a case of ascariasis presenting as hematoma and active bleeding in the sigmoid mesocolon of a 74-year-old man on computed tomography (CT). Sigmoid colon perforation was also detected on follow-up CT. Laparoscopic low anterior resection was performed; there was a large hematoma in the sigmoid mesocolon. Roundworms were microscopically identified in the mesenteric adipose tissue. The clinical and CT findings of this unusual presentation of ascariasis revealed serial complications during parasite migration from the intestinal lumen to the peritoneal cavity.

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