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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 141-147, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999466

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT) recipients in Korea are generally sicker due to an increasing organ shortage. In the present study, the risk factors for early 30-day liver graft failure after DDLT were identified. @*Methods@#From August 2017 to February 2021, 265 adult DDLTs were performed. The characteristics of patients with and without 30-day graft failure were compared. @*Results@#Liver graft failure occurred in 11 patients (17.7%) after DDLT. Baseline and perioperative characteristics of donors and recipients were not statistically significantly different between the 2 groups. The cumulative graft and overall survival rates at 6 months were 83.9% and 88.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed ventilator support in the pretransplant period was a predisposing factor for 30-day graft failure after DDLT. @*Conclusion@#Present study indicates that cautious decision is required when allocating DDLT in critically ill patients on mechanical ventilatory support.

2.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 303-312, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999438

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Significant improvements have been made in the surgical treatment of rectal cancer with a higher sphinctersaving rate without compromising oncologic results. There have been studies about the quality of life of rectal cancer patients after surgery. However, no study has reported the long-term annual incidence of depression after rectal cancer surgery according to stoma status. The objective of this study was to determine the annual incidence of depression after rectal cancer surgery and the factors affecting it, especially the prevalence of depression according to the presence or duration of a stoma. @*Methods@#Using the Korea National Health Insurance Service database, patients who underwent radical surgery for rectal cancer from 2002 to 2019 were searched. We analyzed the incidence and risk factors of depression in patients who underwent radical surgery for rectal cancer according to stoma status. @*Results@#Annual incidence of depression in rectal cancer patients was decreasing annually for 15 years after surgery. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of depression according to the stoma status. However, the diagnosis of depression within 1 year after surgery was statistically significantly increased in the permanent stoma group. @*Conclusion@#There was no difference in the overall incidence of depressive disorders among patients with rectal cancer based on their stoma status. However, a permanent stoma seems to increase the incidence in the first year after surgery. Education and intensive assessments of depressive disorders in patients with permanent stoma within 1 year after surgery are needed, particularly for female patients who are under 50 years old.

3.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 192-204, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999393

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine correlations of alternation motor rate (AMR), sequential motor rate (SMR), and maximum phonation time (MPT) with the severity of dysphagia in subacute stroke patients. @*Methods@#This was a retrospective chart review study. Data of 171 subacute stroke patients were analyzed. Patient’s AMR, SMR, and MPT data were collected from their language evaluations. Video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) was done. Data of dysphagia scales including penetration-aspiration scale (PAS), American Speech-Language-Hearing Association National Outcomes Measurement System (ASHA-NOMS) scale, clinical dysphagia scale (CDS), and videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS) were obtained. AMR, SMR, and MPT were compared between a non-aspirator group and an aspirator group. Correlations of AMR, SMR, and MPT with dysphagia scales were analyzed. @*Results@#AMR ("ka"), SMR, and modified Rankin Scale were significant associated factors between non-aspirator group and aspirator group, while AMR ("pa"), AMR ("ta"), and MPT were not. AMR, SMR, and MPT showed significant correlations with PAS score, ASHA-NOMS scale, CDS, VDS oral, and VDS pharyngeal scores. The cut-off value for distinguishing non-aspirator group and aspiration group was 18.5 for AMR ("ka") (sensitivity of 74.4%, specificity of 70.8%) and 7.5 for SMR (sensitivity of 89.9%, specificity of 61.0%). AMR and SMR were significantly lower in before-swallow aspiration group. @*Conclusion@#Articulatory diadochokinetic tasks that can be easily performed at the bedside would be particularly helpful in determining the oral feeding possibility of subacute stroke patients who cannot undergo VFSS, which is the gold standard for dysphagia assessment.

4.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 98-107, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999375

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS) and lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) in subacute stroke patients. @*Methods@#Twenty-three subacute male stroke patients under the age of 65 were prospectively enrolled to exclude both postmenopausal and senile effects on BMD. The TIS, Berg Balance Scale, the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index, and manual muscle test were measured at admission and 3 months after stroke onset. BMD of the bilateral lower extremities and lumbar vertebrae was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry 3 months after stroke onset. @*Results@#TIS at baseline (TIS_B) and TIS at 3 months after stroke (TIS_3m) showed significant correlations with lumbar BMD (TIS_B, r=0.522; TIS_3m, r=0.517). Through multiple regression analysis, the TIS_B was associated with lumbar BMD (adjusted R2=0.474). However, BMD of the bilateral lower extremities was not correlated with any clinical measurements except body mass index. @*Conclusion@#We found a relationship between TIS_B and lumbar BMD in subacute young male stroke patients. Stroke patients with poor trunk control in the early subacute stage would have low BMD of vertebral bones at 3 months. The TIS can be useful for estimating bone fragility in the lumbar vertebrae of subacute stroke patients.

5.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 117-125, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999248

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) and the socioeconomic burden associated with the medical cost and quality of life of AR have progressively increased. Therefore, practical guidelines for the appropriate management of AR need to be developed based on scientific evidence considering the real-world environment, values, and preferences of patients and physicians. The Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology revised clinical guidelines for AR to address key clinical questions of the management of AR. Part 1 of the revised guideline covers the pharmacological management of patients with AR in Korea. Through a meta-analysis and a systematic review, we made 4 recommendations for AR pharmacotherapy, including intranasal corticosteroid (INCS)/intranasal antihistamine combination therapy, oral antihistamine/INCS combination therapy, leukotriene receptor antagonist treatment in AR patients with asthma, and prophylactic treatment for patients with pollen-induced AR. However, all recommendations are conditional because of the low or very low evidence of certainty. Well-designed and strictly executed randomized controlled trials are needed to measure and report appropriate outcomes.

6.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 126-134, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999247

ABSTRACT

Allergic rhinitis is the most common chronic disease worldwide. Various upper airway symptoms lower quality of life, and due to the recurrent symptoms, multiple treatments are usually attempted rather than one definitive treatment. There are alternatives to medical (medication-based) and nonmedical treatments. A guideline is needed to understand allergic rhinitis and develop an appropriate treatment plan. We have developed guidelines for medical treatment based on previous reports. The current guidelines herein are associated with the “KAAACI Evidence-Based Guidelines for Allergic Rhinitis in Korea, Part 1: Update in pharmacotherapy” in which we aimed to provide evidence-based recommendations for the medical treatment of allergic rhinitis. Part 2 focuses on nonpharmacological management, including allergen-specific immunotherapy, subcutaneous or sublingual immunotherapy, nasal saline irrigation, environmental management strategies, companion animal management, and nasal turbinate surgery. The evidence to support the treatment efficacy, safety, and selection has been systematically reviewed. However, larger controlled studies are needed to elevate the level of evidence to select rational non-medical therapeutic options for patients with allergic rhinitis.

7.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 72-76, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967988

ABSTRACT

Clinicians should pay close attention to the potential risk of coronary vasospasm, even cardiac arrest, after sugammadex administration.

8.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e115-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967390

ABSTRACT

Gastritis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the gastric mucosa. It is very common and has various classification systems such as the updated Sydney system. As there is a lot of evidence that Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with the development of gastric cancer and that gastric cancer can be prevented by eradication, H. pylori gastritis has been emphasized recently. The incidence rate of gastric cancer in Korea is the highest in the world, and due to the spread of screening endoscopy, atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia are commonly diagnosed in the general population. However, there have been no clinical guidelines developed in Korea for these lesions. Therefore, this clinical guideline has been developed by the Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research for important topics that are frequently encountered in clinical situations related to gastritis. Evidence-based guidelines were developed through systematic review and de novo processes, and eight recommendations were made for eight key questions. This guideline needs to be periodically revised according to the needs of clinical practice or as important evidence about this issue is published in the future.

9.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 641-650, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003057

ABSTRACT

Gout is the most common form of arthritis, with the prevalence increasing worldwide. The present treatment guidelines provide recommendations for the appropriate treatment of acute gout, management during the inter-critical period, and prevention of chronic complications. The guidelines were developed based on evidence-based medicine and draft recommendations finalized after expert consensus. These guidelines are designed to provide clinicians with clinical evidence to enable efficient treatment of gout.

10.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 185-197, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001534

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The extent of regional variations in cardiovascular risk and associated risk factors in patients with gout in South Korea remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the risk of major cardiovascular events in gout patients in different regions. @*Methods@#This was a nationwide cohort study based on the claims database of the Korean National Health Insurance and the National Health Screening Program. Patients aged 20 to 90 years newly diagnosed with gout after January 2012 were included. After cardiovascular risk profiles before gout diagnosis were adjusted, the relative risks of incident cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, and cerebral hemorrhage) in gout patients in different regions were assessed. @*Results@#In total, 231,668 patients with gout were studied. Regional differences in cardiovascular risk profiles before the diagnosis were observed. Multivariable analysis showed that patients with gout in Jeolla/Gwangju had a significantly high risk of myocardial infarction (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.27; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02~1.56; p=0.03). In addition, patients with gout in Gangwon (aHR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.09~1.74; p<0.01), Jeolla/Gwangju (aHR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.19~1.67; p<0.01), and Gyeongsang/ Busan/Daegu/Ulsan (aHR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.19~1.59; p<0.01) had a significantly high risk of cerebral infarction. @*Conclusion@#We found there were regional differences in cardiovascular risk and associated risk factors in gout patients. Physicians should screen gout patients for cardiovascular risk profiles in order to facilitate prompt diagnosis and treatment.

11.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 141-150, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001532

ABSTRACT

Gout is the most common form of arthritis, with the prevalence increasing worldwide. The present treatment guidelines provide recommendations for the appropriate treatment of acute gout, management during the inter-critical period, and prevention of chronic complications. The guidelines were developed based on evidence-based medicine and draft recommendations finalized after expert consensus. These guidelines are designed to provide clinicians with clinical evidence to enable efficient treatment of gout.

12.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 196-207, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001484

ABSTRACT

The cytological diagnosis of lymph node lesions is extremely challenging because of the diverse diseases that cause lymph node enlargement, including both benign and malignant or metastatic lymphoid lesions. Furthermore, the cytological findings of different lesions often resemble one another. A stepwise diagnostic approach is essential for a comprehensive diagnosis that combines: clinical findings, including age, sex, site, multiplicity, and ultrasonography findings; low-power reactive, metastatic, and lymphoma patterns; high-power population patterns, including two populations of continuous range, small monotonous pattern and large monotonous pattern; and disease-specific diagnostic clues including granulomas and lymphoglandular granules. It is also important to remember the histological features of each diagnostic category that are common in lymph node cytology and to compare them with cytological findings. It is also essential to identify a few categories of diagnostic pitfalls that often resemble lymphomas and easily lead to misdiagnosis, particularly in malignant small round cell tumors, poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas, and nasopharyngeal undifferentiated carcinoma. Herein, we review a stepwise approach for fine needle aspiration cytology of lymphoid diseases and suggest a diagnostic algorithm that uses this approach and the Sydney classification system.

13.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e277-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001221

ABSTRACT

Living liver donors (LLDs) are screened for transmissible diseases including cancer. We investigated the actual cancer incidence of LLDs compared with a matched healthy control group from the general Korean population using data from the Korean National Health Insurance Services (NHIS). A total of 12,372 LLDs who donated a liver graft between 2002 and 2018 were registered in the Korean Network for Organ Sharing. They were compared to a matched healthy control group selected from the Korean NHIS. Cancer diagnosis was identified in 175 LLDs (1.4%) and 1,014 controls (0.8%). Compared to the healthy control group, the incidence rate ratio of liver and thyroid cancer in the LLD group were significantly higher at 18.30 and 1.39, respectively. The incidences of 11 other specified cancers were not different between the two groups. The present study suggests that LLD after donor hepatectomy may require medical surveillance, especially for liver cancer.

14.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 488-498, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976760

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with the risk of Achilles tendinopathy (AT) or Achilles tendon rupture (ATR), using data from a nationwide population-based cohort.We hypothesized that higher BMI and WC would be independently associated with the increased risk of AT or ATR. In addition, a higher WC may potentiate the association between BMI and the risk of Achilles tendon problems. @*Methods@#We used the National Health Insurance database that covers the entire South Korean population to follow up subjects who participated in the National Health Screening Program (NHSP) from January 2009 to December 2010. The NHSP data include subjects’ BMI, WC, blood test results, blood pressure, and information about lifestyle. Among the subjects, those who were newly diagnosed as having AT or ATR before December 31, 2017, were selected. To examine the association of the variables with the risk of AT or ATR and determine whether the effect of higher BMI varied according to WC, multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used. @*Results@#Among a total of 16,830,532 subjects, 125,814 and 31,424 developed AT and ATR, respectively. A higher BMI showed a greater association with the increased risk of ATR than AT (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 3.49 vs. 1.96). A higher WC was associated with the increased risk of AT (adjusted HR, 1.22), but not ATR. In a separate analysis, the association between BMI and the risk of AT was higher when subjects had higher WC as compared to those with lower WC, being most significant in individuals with both higher BMI and higher WC. @*Conclusions@#Higher BMI was more associated with the increased risk of ATR than AT. Moreover, a high central fat distribution played an independent and potentiating role in the development of AT. This implies the greater importance of a high central fat distribution contributing to the development of AT in obese people.

15.
Journal of Korean Dental Science ; : 181-189, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967367

ABSTRACT

Molar incisor malformation (MIM) has been introduced as a new type of dental anomaly. Currently, the morphological and histological characteristics of MIM are known; however, its etiology has not been clearly identified. To date, the long-term prognosis of first permanent molars (FPM) affected by MIM has rarely been reported, and few treatment guidelines have been established. The purpose of this case report was to present guidelines for the extraction of FPM affected by MIM, depending on the presence of the third molar. In patients with a third molar, spontaneous mesial shift of the posterior molars might be induced by extracting the FPM at an appropriate time, that is, when the second permanent molar is at an early furcation stage of the tooth. However, it is recommended that FPM be preserved for as long as possible if a third molar does not exist. When an FPM needs to be extracted, it is suggested to consider space maintenance.

16.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 355-376, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924923

ABSTRACT

Carbohydrate-restricted diets and intermittent fasting (IF) have been rapidly gaining interest among the general population and patients with cardiometabolic disease, such as overweight or obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. However, there are limited expert recommendations for these dietary regimens. This study aimed to evaluate the level of scientific evidence on the benefits and harms of carbohydrate-restricted diets and IF to make responsible recommendations. A meta-analysis and systematic literature review of 66 articles on 50 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of carbohydrate-restricted diets and 10 articles on eight RCTs of IF was performed. Based on the analysis, the following recommendations are suggested. In adults with overweight or obesity, a moderately-low carbohydrate or low carbohydrate diet (mLCD) can be considered as a dietary regimen for weight reduction. In adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, mLCD can be considered as a dietary regimen for improving glycemic control and reducing body weight. In contrast, a very-low carbohydrate diet (VLCD) and IF are recommended against in patients with diabetes. Furthermore, no recommendations are suggested for VLCD and IF in adults with overweight or obesity, and carbohydrate-restricted diets and IF in patients with hypertension. Here, we describe the results of our analysis and the evidence for these recommendations.

17.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 101-106, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926713

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#For plunging ranula, excision of the sublingual gland has been the major treatment option, with sclerotherapy being widely used as minimal invasive treatment. We compared the outcomes of these two methods as an initial treatment for ranula and investigated the outcomes of salvage procedure in recurred patients.Subjects and Method Patients were classified into the excision group (n=35) and the sclerotherapy group (n=39) according to the type of their initial treatment. The outcomes of the initial and salvage treatment were determined as recurrence or non-recurrence at 3 months after treatment, and statistically compared between the excision and the sclerotherapy groups. @*Results@#Recurrence in the sclerothearpy group (n=20, 51.3%) showed a significantly higher rate (p<0.001) than in the excision group (n=3, 8.6%). Recurring patients who received treatment different from the initial treatment (n=7) were cured, while those who had same procedure as the initial treatment (n=11) showed recurrence of 72.7% (n=8). There was no procedure related complication among the patients. @*Conclusion@#Sublingual gland excision was more effective than ethanol sclerotherapy for the treatment of plunging ranula. In addition, sublingual gland excision was effective even after the failure of ethanol sclerotherapy.

18.
Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education ; : 179-192, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925260

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of a standardized educational program to improve nursing competency on newly graduated nurses in a children's hospital after developing and applying a pediatric nurse education program. The effectiveness of the program was confirmed by evaluating the clinical competency and field adaptation. @*Methods@#In the first step, an education program was developed using the analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation (ADDIE) model. As a second step, a similar experimental study of a single group repeat measures design was conducted to evaluate the clinical competency and field adaptation over time after application of the program. Additionally, a focus group interviews were conducted to collect subjective data on the effects and improvement points of the program. @*Results@#As a result of applying the program, there was a significant change in the clinical competence and the field adaptation of newly graduated nurses in a children’s hospital. The categories derived from the focus group interviews were “getting special guidance,” “better care,” “becoming a nurse at a children's hospital” and “winning together.” @*Conclusion@#It was confirmed that the education program enhances the clinical competency of new nurses in children's hospitals. In addition, it provided the necessary data to understand the experiences of new nurses, help them adapt effectively, and establish appropriate interventions.

19.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 1163-1185, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901405

ABSTRACT

Sudden cardiac death is an unexpected death originating from the heart that occurs within an hour of the onset of symptoms. The main cause of sudden cardiac death is arrhythmia; however, diagnosing underlying structural heart disease significantly contributes to predicting the long-term risk. Cardiovascular CT and MR provide important information for diagnosing and evaluating structural heart disease, enabling the prediction and preparation of the risk of sudden cardiac death. Therefore, we would like to focus on the various structural heart diseases that increase the risk of clinically-important sudden cardiac death and the importance of imaging findings.

20.
Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; : 12-16, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899179

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the most common etiology for intestinal failure (IF) and these patients are at high risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies. This study aimed at assessing the level of vitamins in adult SBS patients at different stages of their disease before the initiation of multidisciplinary intestinal rehabilitation. @*Methods@#Patient data from November 2015 to March 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Adult patients who underwent extensive bowel resection and were classified as SBS-IF were selected. Clinical data including age, sex, etiology of IF, biochemical data, nutritional status, nutrition support, and outcome of intestinal rehabilitation were analyzed. @*Results@#Nine patients with SBS-IF were included in the analysis. There were 6 male patients and 3 female patients, with a median age of 55.0 years. Vitamin levels were analyzed at 306 days (median) after the development of SBS. At the time of vitamin levels screening, 4 patients were receiving daily intravenous vitamin supplementation. Five patients were not receiving vitamin supplementations, either intravenously or orally. Vitamin B12 was within the normal range in 6 patients and higher than normal in 3 patients. Vitamin D was within the normal range in 3 patients and lower than normal in 6 patients. Vitamin E was within the normal range in 7 patients and higher than normal in 2 patients. Folate was within the normal range in 8 patients (not checked in 1 patient). Ambulatory patients had significantly higher vitamin D levels compared to hospitalized patients (P=0.015). @*Conclusion@#Vitamin D levels had decreased in 67% of patients with SBS in Korea, while vitamin B12, folate, and vitamin E deficiencies were rarely seen.

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