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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904067

ABSTRACT

Background@#Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) are an attractive resource for wound healing because their regenerative capacity improves injury repair. Recently, stem cell-derived exosomes have been shown to play a positive role in stem cell-based therapies. However, the effects of exosomes derived from AMSCs (AEXOs) on wound healing are unclear. In this study, we aimed to examine the role of AEXOs in attenuating inflammation and explore their effects in normal wound healing. @*Methods@#We isolated exosomes from AMSCs and established a cellular model of inflammation by treatment with the inflammatory cytokines, interferon gamma and tumor necrosis factor alpha, to determine whether AEXOs can inhibit inflammation. We examined the wound healing effects of AEXOs in in vitro wound healing models and performed a miRNA array to understand the role of AEXOs in inflammation and wound healing. @*Results@#A significant difference was observed in wound closure and the expression of anti-inflammatory and wound-healing-related factors between control and AEXO-treated cells. @*Conclusion@#Our results showed that besides alleviating the inflammation response, AEXOs also promote wound healing. Thus, AEXOs represent a novel, stem-cell-based, therapeutic strategy for wound healing.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899878

ABSTRACT

Background@#Patient-centered management is becoming increasingly important in gout, but there are limited studies exploring patients' perspectives and preferences. We aimed to investigate patients' perspectives and preferences regarding gout and gout management, and their impacts on adherence to urate lowering therapy (ULT). @*Methods@#A paper-based survey was performed in patients with gout seen at the rheumatology outpatient clinics of 16 tertiary hospitals. The survey included questions regarding demographics, comorbidities, gout attacks, current treatment and adherence, and patients' perspectives and preferences regarding gout and gout management. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to determine the factors associated with ULT adherence. @*Results@#Of 809 surveyed patients with gout, 755 (94.5%) were using ULT. Among those using ULT, 89.1% had ≥ 80% adherence to ULT. Majority of the patients knew management strategies to some extent (94.8%), perceived gout as a life-long disease (91.2%), and were making efforts toward practicing at least one lifestyle modification (89.2%). Most patients (71.9%) obtained information about gout management during their clinic visits.Approximately half of the patients (53.6%) preferred managing their disease with both ULT and lifestyle modification, 28.4% preferred ULT only, and 17.4% preferred lifestyle modification only. Adherence was better in patients with older age (odds ratio [OR], 1.03), those with better knowledge of gout management strategies (OR, 3.56), and those who had preference for ULT (OR, 2.07). @*Conclusion@#Patients' perspectives and management preferences had high impacts on adherence to ULT in gout. Consideration of patients' perspectives and preferences is important for achieving the desired clinical outcome in gout.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896363

ABSTRACT

Background@#Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) are an attractive resource for wound healing because their regenerative capacity improves injury repair. Recently, stem cell-derived exosomes have been shown to play a positive role in stem cell-based therapies. However, the effects of exosomes derived from AMSCs (AEXOs) on wound healing are unclear. In this study, we aimed to examine the role of AEXOs in attenuating inflammation and explore their effects in normal wound healing. @*Methods@#We isolated exosomes from AMSCs and established a cellular model of inflammation by treatment with the inflammatory cytokines, interferon gamma and tumor necrosis factor alpha, to determine whether AEXOs can inhibit inflammation. We examined the wound healing effects of AEXOs in in vitro wound healing models and performed a miRNA array to understand the role of AEXOs in inflammation and wound healing. @*Results@#A significant difference was observed in wound closure and the expression of anti-inflammatory and wound-healing-related factors between control and AEXO-treated cells. @*Conclusion@#Our results showed that besides alleviating the inflammation response, AEXOs also promote wound healing. Thus, AEXOs represent a novel, stem-cell-based, therapeutic strategy for wound healing.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892174

ABSTRACT

Background@#Patient-centered management is becoming increasingly important in gout, but there are limited studies exploring patients' perspectives and preferences. We aimed to investigate patients' perspectives and preferences regarding gout and gout management, and their impacts on adherence to urate lowering therapy (ULT). @*Methods@#A paper-based survey was performed in patients with gout seen at the rheumatology outpatient clinics of 16 tertiary hospitals. The survey included questions regarding demographics, comorbidities, gout attacks, current treatment and adherence, and patients' perspectives and preferences regarding gout and gout management. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to determine the factors associated with ULT adherence. @*Results@#Of 809 surveyed patients with gout, 755 (94.5%) were using ULT. Among those using ULT, 89.1% had ≥ 80% adherence to ULT. Majority of the patients knew management strategies to some extent (94.8%), perceived gout as a life-long disease (91.2%), and were making efforts toward practicing at least one lifestyle modification (89.2%). Most patients (71.9%) obtained information about gout management during their clinic visits.Approximately half of the patients (53.6%) preferred managing their disease with both ULT and lifestyle modification, 28.4% preferred ULT only, and 17.4% preferred lifestyle modification only. Adherence was better in patients with older age (odds ratio [OR], 1.03), those with better knowledge of gout management strategies (OR, 3.56), and those who had preference for ULT (OR, 2.07). @*Conclusion@#Patients' perspectives and management preferences had high impacts on adherence to ULT in gout. Consideration of patients' perspectives and preferences is important for achieving the desired clinical outcome in gout.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899702

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 not yet has established its treatment, but convalescent plasma has been expected to increase survival rates as in the case with other emerging viral infections. We describe two cases of COVID-19 treated with convalescent plasma infusion. Both patients presented severe pneumonia with acute respiratory distress syndrome and showed a favorable outcome after the use of convalescent plasma in addition to systemic corticosteroid. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the use of convalescent plasma therapy for COVID-19 in Korea.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891998

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 not yet has established its treatment, but convalescent plasma has been expected to increase survival rates as in the case with other emerging viral infections. We describe two cases of COVID-19 treated with convalescent plasma infusion. Both patients presented severe pneumonia with acute respiratory distress syndrome and showed a favorable outcome after the use of convalescent plasma in addition to systemic corticosteroid. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the use of convalescent plasma therapy for COVID-19 in Korea.

7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836486

ABSTRACT

Blood is an essential medical resource for treating diseases and trauma of people, but a limited biological resource for which no artificial production is possible. Therefore, systematic and rational management of its supply and use must be carried out under the national responsibility. On the other hand, the low birthrate and aging population have raised the problem of blood shortages in Korea. To help solve this problem, this study examined proposals for the development of a blood management system in Korea. In addition, the works of blood management bodies were analyzed based on the operation subjects and types of blood projects in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Canada, Australia, Singapore, and Japan. Based on these data, this paper proposes a new organization that can best enhance the specialization of national blood services and strengthen its capacity under the current blood supply system in Korea.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836480

ABSTRACT

Convalescent plasma therapy has been used to achieve passive immunization against diverse infectious agents by administering pathogen-specific antibodies. Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19), which originated in Wuhan, China, has recently become a major concern all over the world. There are no specific treatment recommendations for COVID-19 because of the lack of knowledge and evidence about this virus. Convalescent plasma therapy can be used as an empirical and investigational treatment for COVID-19, and so we briefly describe the main issues related to convalescent plasma therapy from the perspective of transfusion medicine.

9.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836255

ABSTRACT

Objective@#. To investigate the impact of the amendment of the Korean National Health Insurance (KNHI) reimbursement criteria for anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) agents based on from conventional clinical and laboratory measurements to disease activity score of 28 joints (DAS28) on treatment pattern, clinical response, and persistence rate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). @*Methods@#. This multicenter retrospective cohort study evaluated 148 RA patients eligible for the initiation of anti- TNF-α agents as the first-line biologics by either the past (n=95) or current (n=53) KNHI reimbursement criteria. Persistence was defined as the duration between the initiation and discontinuation of anti-TNFα agents. @*Results@#. In total, 106 (71.6%), 35 (23.6%), and 7 (4.7%) RA patients started treatment with adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab, respectively. RA patients who received anti-TNF-α agents under the current reimbursement criteria had a significantly lower mean DAS28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (6.02 vs. 6.95, p<0.001) and daily prednisolone-equivalent glucocorticoid dose (4.51 vs. 6.17 mg, p<0.001) than those who received anti-TNF-α agents under the past reimbursement criteria. No significant differences in the 1-year remission rate defined by DAS28-ESR<2.6 (17.9% vs. 30.2%, p=0.085) and the persistence rate (p=0.703) between the past and current reimbursement criteria was observed. @*Conclusion@#. Our data suggest that less active RA patients can receive reimbursement for anti-TNF-α agents under the current criteria, and the amendment of the KNHI reimbursement criteria may improve access to anti-TNF-α agents without affecting the treatment response and persistence rate.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836057

ABSTRACT

Background@#Laboratory tests in blood banks vary with respect to methods,equipment, and quality control according to the hospital’s environment. @*Methods@#We surveyed institutions that regularly participated in the Koreanassociation of external quality assessment using a web-based questionnairecomprising 79 questions regarding transfusion laboratory work. @*Results@#A total of 84 institutions were surveyed including 17 senior generalhospitals, 43 general hospitals, 19 hospitals, four clinics, and one commerciallaboratory. ABO cell typing was performed by slide (63, 75.0%), tube (42,50.0%), automated column (19, 22.6%), and automated microplate (7, 8.3%)methods. ABO serum typing was performed by tube (75, 89.3%), automatedcolumn (19, 22.6%), automated microplate (7, 8.3%), and slide (7, 8.3%)methods. Irregular antibody screening test and identification test wasperformed by 58 (69.0%) and 36 (42.9%) institutions, respectively. Irregularantibody screening test and identification test was performed by the columnagglutination method in 34 (40.5%) and 26 (31.0%) institutions, respectively.Room temperature saline, albumin, and anti-globulin reagent crossmatchingtest (three-step method) was the most popular method (48, 57.1%). Theuse of anti-globulin reagent in the crossmatching test did not significantlyvary according to the size of the hospital. A daily quality control programfor ABO, Rh typing, and the crossmatching test was conducted in 58 (69.0%)institutions. @*Conclusions@#There were differences in transfusion-related laboratory testsamong the institutions. Although this survey included a limited number ofinstitutions, it can be helpful to evaluate the routine laboratory tests andtransfusion-related blood bank work in each institution.

11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 400-405, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833372

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Presently, Korea is facing new challenges associated with an imbalance in blood supply and demand. The purpose ofthis study was to examine trends in blood supply and demand in Korea over the past 10 years through 2018 and to propose whatto prepare in the future. @*Materials and Methods@#Age demographics in Korea were analyzed using data from the Statistics Korea. Blood donation andblood supply data were analyzed using Blood Services Statistics 2018 by the Korean Red Cross. Blood transfusion data from hospitalsin 2018 were obtained from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. @*Results@#In 2018, 2883270 whole blood and apheresis units were collected in Korea. The Korean Red Cross supplied 4277762 bloodcomponents to 2491 hospitals. The overall blood donation rate was 5.6%, and the most frequent donors were young male donors.Leukoreduced red blood cells (RBCs) constituted 25% of all RBCs used, and 40% of all platelets were supplied by single-donorplatelets. The self-sufficiency rate of domestic plasma with which to produce plasma-derived medicinal products was 68.7% in2018. Blood use was the most frequent among patients aged 70–79 years. @*Conclusion@#Blood management in Korea is changing rapidly due to a low birth rate, rapid aging, and an increase in severely illpatients who require most of the blood supply. Therefore, future plans to promote donation at a national level and optimal use ofblood in hospitals is necessary.

12.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831661

ABSTRACT

Background@#We purposed to evaluate the seasonality and associated factors of the incidence of gout attacks in Korea. @*Methods@#We prospectively enrolled patients with gout attacks who were treated at nine rheumatology clinics between January 2015 and July 2018 and followed them for 1-year. Demographic data, clinical and laboratory features, and meteorological data including seasonality were collected. @*Results@#Two hundred-five patients (men, 94.1%) were enrolled. The proportion of patients with initial gout attacks was 46.8% (n = 96). The median age, body mass index, attack duration, and serum uric acid level at enrollment were 50.0 years, 25.4, 5.0 days, and 7.4 mg/dL, respectively. Gout attacks were most common during spring (43.4%, P < 0.001) and in March (23.4%, P < 0.001). A similar pattern of seasonality was observed in the group with initial gout attacks. Alcohol was the most common provoking factor (39.0%), particularly during summer (50.0%). The median diurnal temperature change on the day of the attack was highest in the spring (9.8°C), followed by winter (9.3°C), fall (8.6°C), and summer (7.1°C) (P = 0.027). The median change in humidity between the 2 consecutive days (the day before and the day of the attack) was significantly different among the seasons (3.0%, spring; 0.3%, summer; −0.9%, fall; −1.2%, winter; P = 0.015). One hundred twenty-five (61%) patients completed 1-year follow-up (51% in the initial attack group). During the follow-up period, 64 gout flares developed (21 in the initial attack group). No significant seasonal variation in the follow-up flares was found. @*Conclusion@#In this prospective study, the most common season and month of gout attacks in Korea are spring and March, respectively. Alcohol is the most common provoking factor, particularly during summer. Diurnal temperature changes on the day of the attack and humidity changes from the day before the attack to the day of the attack are associated with gout attack in our cohort.

14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719663

ABSTRACT

Transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO) is recently becoming more important than transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) in terms of the number of patients with definite diagnosis as well as its prognosis. In order to diagnose TACO, it is helpful to recognize early the symptoms suspicious of transfusion reaction through electronic medical record system and computer network, and this will be of help for obtaining samples for brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurement before and after the onset of transfusion reaction. We report a case in which a transfusion reaction was diagnosed as TACO. A 62-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency room due to bleeding tendency. Two fresh frozen plasma units and one unit of leukocyte-reduced red blood cells were transfused. Blood pressure increased during transfusion, and the chest X-ray showed findings suggestive of newly developed pulmonary edema. N-terminal prohormone of BNP (NT-proBNP) test was carried out using the specimens in refrigerated storage. Compared with the NT-proBNP level measured 12 hours before the transfusion, that measured 6 hours after the transfusion was markedly increased (>48 fold of pre-transfusion level). As a result, this case was diagnosed with TACO.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Blood Pressure , Diagnosis , Electronic Health Records , Emergency Service, Hospital , Erythrocytes , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Middle Aged , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Plasma , Prognosis , Pulmonary Edema , Thorax , Transfusion Reaction
15.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 249-253, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760509

ABSTRACT

A 22-year old female patient with systemic lupus erythematosus presenting microangiopathic hemolytic anemia was treated with therapeutic plasma exchange 23 times. The patient's condition and laboratory findings (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, ferritin, total bilirubin, and lactate dehydrogenase) did not improve despite the initial 18 therapeutic plasma exchange treatments. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura was ruled out due to normal ADAMTS-13 activity test result; hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis was diagnosed based on fever, splenomegaly, pancytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperferritinemia, and hemophagocytosis in bone marrow aspiration. The patient's condition improved rapidly upon treatment with a combination of immunosuppressants and cytotoxic agents, and more therapeutic plasma exchanges were performed five consecutive times with prolonged intervals in between. We observed that therapeutic plasma exchange treatment alone was not effective enough to treat hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, unlike thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Therefore, it is necessary to determine and start drug administration promptly in the treatment of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis with thrombotic microangiopathy.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Anemia, Hemolytic , Bilirubin , Bone Marrow , Cytotoxins , Female , Ferritins , Fever , Humans , Hypertriglyceridemia , Immunosuppressive Agents , Lactic Acid , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Pancytopenia , Plasma Exchange , Plasma , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic , Splenomegaly , Thrombotic Microangiopathies
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919108

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#To define standard reference values for musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) in Korea.@*METHODS@#A total of 251 healthy adults were recruited for this study. Ultrasonography was performed by experienced rheumatologists who had undergone four appropriate training programs in Korea. A General Electric LOGIQ electronic ultrasound device fitted with a 12 MHz linear transducer was employed. Mean values ± standard deviations (SDs) were defined as standard reference values. Intraclass correlation coefficients was employed to evaluate the extent of inter- and intraobserver agreement when MSUS measurements were made.@*RESULTS@#The 251 study participants included 122 males. Mean subject age was 28.6 years. The average bone-to-capsule distance of the right-side second and third metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints were 0.68 and 0.72 mm respectively, and those of the left-side joints 0.62 and 0.68 mm. The cartilage thicknesses of the right-side second and third MCP joints were 0.55 and 0.55 mm, and those of the left-side joints were 0.55 and 0.56 mm, respectively. The bone-to-capsule distances of the right and left wrists were 0.80 and 0.82 mm. In 12.4% of participants (31/251), the erosion score of the humeral head was 1.71. In the right-side knee joint, mean cartilage thicknesses of the medial and lateral condyles were 1.86 and 2.03 mm in longitudinal scans. High overall interobserver agreement was evident after appropriate training that included instruction on standard MSUS methodology.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We defined standard reference values for MSUS in healthy Korean adults. The reliabilities of interobserver agreements were high after appropriate training program.

17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917531

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is defined as acute respiratory distress syndrome with non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema caused by transfusion. It occurs only rarely but could result in patient mortality. TRALI has been declining since the successful adoption of TRALI risk mitigation strategies in several countries. The new diagnostic criteria were suggested in 2019 based on the knowledge and experience gained throughout the last decade. This article integrated a series of TRALI cases diagnosed in a tertiary hospital while reviewing each case based upon the new diagnostic criteria.@*METHODS@#Among the reported transfusion adverse reactions that occurred from March 2013 to June 2019, seven TRALI cases were recruited for this study. Each case was retrospectively reexamined with its clinical condition and transfusion history. The diagnosed cases were classified into TRALI subtypes newly suggested in the 2019 version.@*RESULTS@#The mean time interval to adverse reaction was 117 minutes (range: 7~370 minutes) and all satisfied the condition of hypoxemia and bilateral pulmonary infiltrations. The transfused blood components were apheresis platelets in three cases, platelet concentrates in one case, red blood cells in one case and combinations of different products in two cases. Five cases were diagnosed as possible TRALI, and all five cases were diagnosed as TRALI type 2 (2019 criteria).@*CONCLUSION@#In our center, seven patients were diagnosed TRALI during the last 6 years. Screening more TRALI patients according to the new criteria, along with investigating the patients' clinical characteristics, transfused blood components, treatments and integrated research, will facilitate Korean research on this field of medicine.

18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1253-1256, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718489

ABSTRACT

In this study, we report a case of anti-Gerbich (Ge) alloantibody to a high-prevalence Ge antigen in a donor with Fy(a−b−) phenotype. The alloantibody was detected in an Emirati boy who was admitted to a Korean tertiary hospital for marrow hematopoietic progenitor cell donation. He did not have a history of transfusion. His blood type was A, RhD+, and findings from the antibody screening and identification test showed 2+ reactivity in all panel cells except autologous cells. We concluded that it would be very difficult to find compatible blood components for the donor and requested further tests from external laboratories. Anti-Ge2 was identified by additional tests in a foreign reference laboratory, and the Duffy genotype of the donor was FY*02/FY*02N.01 based on the Korean Rare Blood Program. Although the donor was not a Korean, as the number of foreign patients visiting Korea increases annually, there is growing interest in patients with rare blood types in the Korean population. However, there has been very little research on rare or high prevalence blood type antigen and antibody in the Korean population. Therefore, additional research in Korea is needed on rare blood group antibodies and antigens, including Ge cases.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Bone Marrow , Genotype , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Korea , Male , Mass Screening , Phenotype , Prevalence , Tertiary Care Centers , Tissue Donors
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718423

ABSTRACT

A 72-year-old man with general weakness visited the outpatient clinic of the hematology department. The patient had been treated under the diagnosis of autoimmune hemolytic anemia for 2 years. His hemoglobin level at the time of the visit was 6.3 g/dL, and a blood transfusion was requested to treat his anemia. The patient's blood type was A, RhD positive. Antibody screening and identification test showed agglutination in all reagent cells with a positive reaction to autologous red blood cells (RBCs). He had a prior transfusion history with three least incompatible RBCs. The patient returned home after receiving one unit of leukoreduced filtered RBC, which was the least incompatible blood in the crossmatching test. After approximately five hours, however, fever, chills, dyspnea, abdominal pain, and hematuria appeared and the patient returned to the emergency room next day after the transfusion. The anti-Fy(a) antibody, which was masked by the autoantibody, was identified after autoadsorption using polyethylene glycol. He was diagnosed with an acute hemolytic transfusion reaction due to anti-Fy(a) that had not been detected before the transfusion. In this setting, it is necessary to consider the identification of coexisting alloantibodies in patients with autoantibodies and to become more familiar with the method of autoantibody adsorption.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adsorption , Aged , Agglutination , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Anemia , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Autoantibodies , Blood Transfusion , Chills , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Emergency Service, Hospital , Erythrocytes , Fever , Hematology , Hematuria , Humans , Isoantibodies , Masks , Mass Screening , Methods , Polyethylene Glycols , Transfusion Reaction
20.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 362-366, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-722308

ABSTRACT

Millerozyma farinosa (formerly Pichia farinosa) is halotolerant yeast mainly found in food and ubiquitous in the environment. It was a rare yeast pathogen, but it has recently emerged as a cause of fungemia in immunocompromised patients. Optimal therapy for invasive fungal infection by this pathogen remains unclear. We report a case of catheter related blood stream infection caused by M. farinosa in a 71-year-old patient who recovered successfully after removal of the central venous catheter and treatment with micafungin.


Subject(s)
Aged , Catheter-Related Infections , Catheters , Central Venous Catheters , Fungemia , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Pichia , Rivers , Yeasts
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