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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926947

ABSTRACT

Recently with the advance in digital dentistry, the fabrication of dentures using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) is on the rise. The denture designed through a CAD software can be produced in a 3-dimensional manufacturing process. This process includes a subtractive processing method such as milling and an additive processing method such as 3D printing and in which it can be applied efficiently in more complex structures. In this case, complete dentures were fabricated using Stereolithography (SLA)-based 3D printing to shorten the production time and interval of visits in patient with physical disabilities due to cerebral infarction. For definitive impression, the existing interim denture was digitally replicated and used as an individual tray. The definitive impression obtained with polyvinyl siloxane impression material was including information about the inclination and length of the maxillary anterior teeth, vertical dimension, and centric relation. In addition, facial scan data with interim denture was obtained so that it can be used as a reference in determination of the occlusal plane and in arrangement of artificial teeth during laboratory work. Artificial teeth were arranged through a CAD program, and a gingival festooning was performed. The definitive dentures were printed by SLA-based 3D printer using a FDA-approved liquid photocurable resin. The denture showed adequate retention, support, and stability, and results were satisfied functionally and aesthetically.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918864

ABSTRACT

In patients with myasthenia gravis, it is difficult to manufacture and maintain dentures because the muscles and nervous system in the oral cavity are not properly adjusted. In addition, excessively extended or thick dentures may cause muscle weakness by stimulating the muscles, so dentures should be manufactured in consideration of this. In this case, a denture was fabricated using the closed mouth technique in a patient with myasthenia gravis with mouth opening limitation. Using the closed mouth technique, the patient’s masticatory pressure and muscle movements were reproduced and denture with good retention were manufactured.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918859

ABSTRACT

In this report, Replicated denture was fabricated by 3d printing after scanning the existing denture. It was used as an individual tray in closed-mouth technique.It reduced laboratory process and clinical time. Also it helped in facial evaluation and tooth arrangement. Compared to open-mouth technique, the number of visits was reduced, and the patient’s adaptability to new denture was enhanced by utilized various information of the existing denture, including vertical dimension.

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786595

ABSTRACT

Maxillectomy is performed to remove the tumor in the palate, maxillary sinus, buccal mucosa or nasal cavity. The resection range depends on the size and the extent of the tumor and it affects speech production or cause nasal regurgitation during feeding. Obturator can occlude an opening such as an oro-nasal fistula and protect the defect area. Successful reconstrucion of the patient's oral cavity who have gone over the maxillectomy is a difficult task. The condition and number of teeth, the remaining support area, and the extent of the defect area have a great influence on manufacturing the obturator. If these factors are disadvantageous, the prognosis of the prosthesis is uncertain. The final obturator must have a sufficient retention in the patient's oral cavity and must not irritate the surrounding tissue and support area where the resection was performed.In this case, a 55 year old female went through the maxillectomy and the only 3 teeth remained. And the retention of the maxillary prosthesis seems to be poor. So that, we fabricated the closed hollow obturator which has reduced weight compared to the conventional obturator. Consequently the closed hollow obturator can give better sealing and the adaptation.


Subject(s)
Female , Fistula , Humans , Maxillary Sinus , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Mouth , Mouth Mucosa , Nasal Cavity , Palate , Palate, Hard , Prognosis , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786592

ABSTRACT

The loss of posterior support and the abnormal jaw relation can cause pathologic findings. If deep bite patients with multiple missing teeth, can not have the stable posterior contact, the mandible moves posteriorly, and consequently the overjet and overbite get worse. And when the mandibular irregular occlusal plane is corrected, it is easier to have the bilateral balanced occlusion with the maxilla. So the treatment goal is to give proper posetrior support and establish appropriate anterior guidance, and ultimately provide improved mastication and esthetics recovery. In this case, a 68 year old man, having deep bite without posterior support was evaluated by the vertical dimesion decision flow-chart. An available prosthetic height, anterior occlusal relation such as overjet, overbite and the esthetic part such as facial height and the cephalometric analysis are the factors to be considered.


Subject(s)
Dental Occlusion , Esthetics , Humans , Jaw , Mandible , Mastication , Maxilla , Mouth Rehabilitation , Mouth , Overbite , Tooth , Vertical Dimension
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899236

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the effects of load direction, number of implants, and alignment of implant position on stress distribution in implant, prosthesis, and bone tissue. @*Materials and Methods@#Four 3D models were made to simulate posterior mandible bone block: two implants and 3-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) with a pontic in the center (model M1), two implants and 3-unit FDP with a cantilever pontic at one end (model M2), FDP supported by three implants with straight line placement (model M3) and FDP supported by three implants with staggered implant configuration (model M4). The applied force was 120 N axially or 120 N obliquely. @*Results@#Peak von Mises stresses caused by oblique occlusal force were 3.4 to 5.1 times higher in the implant and 3.5 to 8.3 times higher in the alveolar bone than those stresses caused by axial occlusal force. In model M2, the connector area of the distal cantilever in the prosthesis generated the highest von Mises stresses among all models. With the design of a large number of implants, low stresses were generated. When three implants were placed, there were no significant differences in the magnitude of stress between staggered arrangement and straight arrangement. @*Conclusion@#The effect of staggering alignment on implant stress was negligible. However, the number of implants had a significant effect on stress magnitude.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891532

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the effects of load direction, number of implants, and alignment of implant position on stress distribution in implant, prosthesis, and bone tissue. @*Materials and Methods@#Four 3D models were made to simulate posterior mandible bone block: two implants and 3-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) with a pontic in the center (model M1), two implants and 3-unit FDP with a cantilever pontic at one end (model M2), FDP supported by three implants with straight line placement (model M3) and FDP supported by three implants with staggered implant configuration (model M4). The applied force was 120 N axially or 120 N obliquely. @*Results@#Peak von Mises stresses caused by oblique occlusal force were 3.4 to 5.1 times higher in the implant and 3.5 to 8.3 times higher in the alveolar bone than those stresses caused by axial occlusal force. In model M2, the connector area of the distal cantilever in the prosthesis generated the highest von Mises stresses among all models. With the design of a large number of implants, low stresses were generated. When three implants were placed, there were no significant differences in the magnitude of stress between staggered arrangement and straight arrangement. @*Conclusion@#The effect of staggering alignment on implant stress was negligible. However, the number of implants had a significant effect on stress magnitude.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837251

ABSTRACT

The goal of suction denture is to enhance retention of dentures by the formation of negative pressure between the denture base and the underlying tissue and sealing around the denture by the mucosa. This patient has been converted to a completely edentulous state after the extraction of residual teeth. Fabrication of suction denture was planned because it was estimated that the conventional compete would be hard to achieve retention due to the absorption of residual ridge and lack of sublingual fold. Through appropriate clinical and laboratory technique such as preliminary impression on the mandibular rest position, provisional vertical dimension determination with Centric Tray® (Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein), closed mouth definitive impression and jaw relation record using individual tray with Gnathometer M® (Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein), artificial teeth arrangement considering stability of the denture, and proper polymerization technique that minimizes polymerization shrinkage, restoring the patient with suction denture resulted in satisfaction throughout the function and asesthetics.

9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742100

ABSTRACT

Traditional removable partial denture is a successful treatment for partial edentulous patients. When the abutment is formed with unilateral minority teeth, satisfaction with the use of removable partial denture may be lowered due to patient's discomfort and damage of the abutment. Recently, it has been reported that the unilateral posterior extension partial denture is used as a bilateral posterior extension partial denture using implant fixed prostheses as abutments. In this case, by using implant surveyed crown prostheses, bilateral posterior extension partial denture is fabricated in site that is predicted to have a poor prognosis. This resulted in improved support, maintenance, and stabilization of the removable partial denture, which were economically beneficial to patient and satisfied with use.


Subject(s)
Crowns , Denture, Partial , Denture, Partial, Removable , Humans , Prognosis , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761442

ABSTRACT

With development of digital dentistry, the 3-dimensional (3D) manufacturing industry using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) has grown dramatically in recent years. Denture fabrication using digital method is also increasing due to the recent development of digital technology in dentistry. The 3D manufacturing process can be categorized into 2 types: subtractive manufacturing (SM) and additive manufacturing (AM). SM, such as milling is based on cutting away from a solid block of materal. AM, such as 3D printing, is based on adding the material layer by layer. AM enables the fabrication of complex structures that are difficult to mill. In this case, additive manufacturing method was applied to the fabrication of the resin-based complete denture to a 80 year-old patient. During the follow-up periods, the denture using digital method has provided satisfactory results esthetically and functionally.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Dentistry , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761406

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare two novel impression methods and a conventional impression method for edentulous jaws using 3-dimensional (3D) analysis software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five edentulous patients (four men and one woman; mean age: 62.7 years) were included. Three impression techniques were used: conventional impression method (CI; control), simple modified closed-mouth impression method with a novel tray (SI), and digital impression method using an intraoral scanner (DI). Subsequently, a gypsum model was made, scanned, and superimposed using 3D analysis software. Mean area displacement was measured using CI method to evaluate differences in the impression surfaces as compared to those values obtained using SI and DI methods. The values were confirmed at two to five areas to determine the differences. CI and SI were compared at all areas, while CI and DI were compared at the supporting areas. Kruskal-Wallis test was performed for all data. Statistical significance was considered at P value .05); the difference was .05). CONCLUSION: The CI, SI, and DI methods were effective in making impressions of the supporting areas in edentulous patients. The SI method showed clinically applicability.


Subject(s)
Calcium Sulfate , Female , Humans , Jaw , Jaw, Edentulous , Male , Maxilla , Methods
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742038

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyze stress distribution in premolars restored with inlays or onlays using various materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional maxillary premolar models of abutments were designed to include the following: 1) inlay with O cavity (O group), 2) inlay with MO cavity (MO group), 3) inlay with MOD cavity (MOD group), and 4) onlay (ONLAY group). A restoration of each inlay or onlay cavity was simulated using gold alloy, e.max ceramic, or composite resin for restoration. To simulate masticatory forces, a total of 140 N static axial force was applied onto the tooth at the occlusal contact areas. A finite element analysis was performed to predict the magnitude and pattern of stresses generated by occlusal loading. RESULTS: Maximum von Mises stress values generated in the abutment teeth of the ONLAY group were ranged from 26.1 to 26.8 MPa, which were significantly lower than those of inlay groups (O group: 260.3–260.7 MPa; MO group: 252.1–262.4 MPa; MOD group: 281.4–298.8 MPa). Maximum von Mises stresses generated with ceramic, gold, and composite restorations were 280.1, 269.9, and 286.6 MPa, respectively, in the MOD group. They were 252.2, 248.0, 255.1 MPa, respectively, in the ONLAY group. CONCLUSION: The onlay design (ONLAY group) protected tooth structures more effectively than inlay designs (O, MO, and MOD groups). However, stress magnitudes in restorations with various dental materials exhibited no significant difference among groups (O, MO, MOD, ONLAY).


Subject(s)
Alloys , Bicuspid , Bite Force , Ceramics , Dental Materials , Finite Element Analysis , Inlays , Tooth
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739884

ABSTRACT

In order to produce a stable denture for severe alveolar bone loss area, it is not only important that .0a suitable occlusion is established but also to consider compatibility with the surrounding muscle to form a suitable polished surfaces. Neutral zone is defined as a potential area where the neuromuscular system of the tongue, cheeks and lips is balanced can be determined through the neutral zone impression technique. And if artificial teeth are aligned within the neutral zone and the polished surface follows the anatomical form of the dynamic muscle, higher stability and retention of the denture may be obtained through coordination with the surrounding muscle tissue. This case is being reported since the concept of the neutral zone was applied to a patient with severely atrophic residual alveolar ridge and the result was clinically satisfactory in both function and aesthetics.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Process , Cheek , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Esthetics , Humans , Lip , Rehabilitation , Tongue , Tooth, Artificial
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739878

ABSTRACT

Macroglossia is an obstacle in regard to general prosthodontic restoration. Not only is it difficult to obtain support and stability from dentures manufactured from normal protocol, obtaining efficacy from basic mastication is also difficult. In such cases, realizing harmony between the occlusion and surrounding muscle structures may be important with regard to manufacture of stable full dentures, and it is necessary to form the appropriate polished surface for this case. The neutral zone is defined as the potential area resulting from the neuromuscular function that results in equilibrium between the outward force exerted by the tongue and the inward force exerted by the lips and cheeks. The artificial teeth of the full denture lies in this area, and if the polished zone follows the anatomic form of the dynamic muscles, the movement of the muscles simply acts as an element of stabilizing the dentures improving the esthetics through facial support.


Subject(s)
Cheek , Dentures , Esthetics , Lip , Macroglossia , Mastication , Muscles , Rehabilitation , Tongue , Tooth, Artificial
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739857

ABSTRACT

When it comes to treat patient with loss of vestibule, conventional denture impression have limitation which can cause problems of excessive border extension. Suction denture with closed mouth technique which was introduced to solve this problem, forms negative pressure being sealed denture flanges by mobile mucosa when the patient swallows and chews. Also, it can decrease patient's visiting time by taking impression and gothic arch tracing at once. In this case, considering patient's chief complain which is a loose fit of present lower denture, suction dentures with closed mouth technique was planned.


Subject(s)
Bone Resorption , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Humans , Mouth , Mucous Membrane , Rehabilitation , Suction , Swallows
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717299

ABSTRACT

Multiple tooth loss and excessive occlusal wear can result in damage to occlusal disharmony, functional disorders and esthetic problems, requiring comprehensive prosthetic treatments. Changing vertical dimension harmonized with surrounding muscle tissue is important. In this case, the patient with loss of vertical dimension caused by severe tooth loss and tooth wear was treated with the analysis of vertical dimension, such as diagnostic model, radiography and various clinical exams. the patient was satisfied with favorable functions and esthetics for 1 years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Esthetics , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mouth Rehabilitation , Mouth , Radiography , Tooth Attrition , Tooth Loss , Tooth Wear , Tooth , Vertical Dimension
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717292

ABSTRACT

In a single implant restoration of maxillary anterior teeth, it is difficult to accomplish an aesthetic restoration of the implant prosthesis in the case of gingival recession and bone defect problems. To maintain aesthetic stability in the long term, it is important to place the implant in the ideal position as well as the recovery of the soft tissue and harmony with the prosthesis. Not only ideal implant position but also the harmony with surrounding soft tissues are important to fabricate aesthetic implant prosthesis for these cases. for these cases, a 47- years -old male with lowered level of osseous crest and gingival recession on maxillary anterior tooth was treated with guided bone regeneration and gingival recontouring.


Subject(s)
Bone Regeneration , Esthetics , Gingiva , Gingival Recession , Humans , Male , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714250

ABSTRACT

Conventional denture impression techniques have limitations for edentulous patients with severe alveolar bone resorption and can cause problems from excessive border extension. Especially when a patient has movable tissue it is difficult to make accurate impression, thus might interrupt stable seating of complete denture. Fabrication of complete denture using closed mouth technique for edentulous patient with severe ridge resorption is thought to provide better stability and retention. In this case, an 86-year-old patient had both edentulous jaws with epulis fissuratum on maxillary anterior ridge and severe mandibular ridge resorption. Thus, tentative vertical dimension was determined by using Centric tray and individual tray attached with gothic arch tracer was fabricated. Complete denture was fabricated using closed mouth technique and the patient was satisfied with better stability and retention of the complete denture.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Bone Resorption , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Gingival Diseases , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Mouth , Vertical Dimension
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740456

ABSTRACT

In the treatment of esthetically important areas such as maxillary anterior teeth, they should be corresponded with surrounding tissues, and shape of the smile line, soft tissue, and hard tissue, also the anatomical shape and proportion of the teeth should be considered as well. Esthetic analysis includes facial analysis which evaluates the proper parallelism between the occlusal plane and the horizontal reference line, dentolabial analysis which assesses the position of the incisal edge and the coherence between the occlusal plane and the commissural line, tooth analysis which evaluates not only esthetics but also morphology and appearance for proper function, and gingival analysis which forms ideal outline of gingival margins. A maxillary anterior diastema can be esthetically restored through the systematic diagnostic approach and treatment planning, and orthodontic, prosthetic, and conservative treatment can be applied for the treatment.


Subject(s)
Dental Occlusion , Diastema , Esthetics , Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646618

ABSTRACT

Graphene-based approaches have been influential in the design and manipulation of dental implants and tissue regeneration to overcome the problems associated with traditional titanium-based dental implants, such as their low biological affinity. Here, we describe the current progress of graphene-based platforms, which have contributed to major advances for improving cellular functions in in vitro and in vivo applications of dental implants. We also present opinions on the principal challenges and future prospects for new graphene-based platforms for the development of advanced graphene dental implants and tissue regeneration.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Graphite , In Vitro Techniques , Regeneration , Titanium
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