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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50742

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Propofol
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50947

ABSTRACT

Indigo carmine (sodium indigotindisulfonate) is a safe, biologically inactive blue dye routinely administered intravascularly during urologic and gynecologic procedures to localize the ureteral orifices and to identify severed ureters and fistulous communications. We report a case of hypotension, cardiac arrest, and cerebral ischemia after the administration of indigo carmine in a patient under total laparoscopic hysterectomy.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Heart Arrest , Humans , Hypotension , Hysterectomy , Indigo Carmine , Indoles , Ureter
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35649

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We retrospectively studied the outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with locally advanced, unresectable pancreatic cancer who were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) or radiotherapy only. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with locally advanced, unresectable pancreatic cancer (stage IIA~III) who recevied radiotherapy (> or =30 Gy) between January 1994 and August 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. The median radiation dose was 39 Gy. Chemotherapy consisted of gemcitabine, cisplatin, or 5-FU alone or in various combinations, and was administered concurrently with radiotherapy in 38 patients. RESULTS: The follow-up period ranged from 2~40 months (median, 8 months). The median survival, and the 1- and 2-year overall survival (OS) rates were 7 months, 15.7%, and 5.9%, respectively. Based on univariate analysis, the baseline CA19-9, performance status, and chemotherapy regimen were significant prognostic factors. The median survival was 8 months for CCRT, and 6 months for radiotherapy alone. The patients treated with gemcitabine-containing regimens had longer survival (median, 10 months) than the patients treated with radiotherapy alone (p=0.027). Twenty-three patients were available to evaluate the patterns of failure. Distant metastases (DM) occured in 18 patients and regional recurrences were demonstrated in 4 patients. Local progression developed in 14 patients. We analyzed the association between the time-to-DM and the baseline CA19-9 levels for 18 evaluable patients. The median time-to-DM was 20 months for patients with normal baseline CA19-9 levels and 2 months for patients with baseline CA19-9 levels > or =200 U/ml. CONCLUSION: CCRT with gemcitabine-based regimens was effective in improving OS in patients with locally advanced, unresectable pancreatic cancer. We suggest that the baseline CA19-9 level is valuable in determining the treatment strategy for patients with locally advanced, unresectable pancreatic cancer.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Cisplatin , Deoxycytidine , Fluorouracil , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22024

ABSTRACT

A 49-year-old male patient presented at our clinic with back pain due to an insignificant injury that had occurred approximately 7 months earlier. Although the patient had been treated at primary clinics, the pain had gradually become aggravated and characterized by resting and night pain. We initially diagnosed the patient with myofascial pain syndrome and began treatment comprised of trigger point injection (TPI) on the back muscles to control the pain. His symptoms improved after the first treatment (TPI), but he complained of back pain again several days later. At that time he also reported that he had lost 10 kg over the 4 months preceding his initial visit. Plain radiographs of the thoracolumbar spine revealed L1-L5 compression fractures and generalized osteopenia. The patient was then diagnosed with multiple myeloma based on the results of a bone marrow biopsy. This case demonstrates the importance of using comprehensive diagnostic approaches when the patient manifests symptoms that are unresponsive to conventional treatment.


Subject(s)
Back Pain , Biopsy , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Bone Marrow , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Low Back Pain , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Muscles , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Spine , Trigger Points
5.
Journal of Lung Cancer ; : 86-89, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65376

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE : Weight loss and malnutrition in patients undergoing radiation therapy for lung cancer are common problems. We evaluated the effect of nutritional support with administering oral high calorie, high protein liquid, Mediwell ProteinTM. MATERIALS AND METHODS : From Feb. 2007 to Aug. 2008, 21 patients with lung cancer received nutritional supplement for 4 weeks with Mediwell StandardTM (n=10) or higher protein liquid, Mediwell ProteinTM (n=11). Their nutritional statues were evaluated just before radiation therapy and after 4 weeks. RESULTS : Nutritional support with oral high calorie, high protein liquid, Mediwell ProteinTM, showed improvement of the nutritional status during radiation therapy for lung cancer, even though it was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION : Nutritional support with oral high calorie, high protein liquid was effective for maintaining the nutritional status of patients with lung cancer during radiation therapy


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Malnutrition , Nutritional Status , Nutritional Support , Weight Loss
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15974

ABSTRACT

Epidural blood patch is an effective management for treatment of severe post-dural puncture headache. Here we describe a case of a patient with hip fracture, who was complained regarded as having suspicious post-dural puncture headache after epidural anesthesia, but it failed to be treated with 4 times of epidural blood patch, and later was diagnosed with multiple metastatic brain tumor.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Epidural , Blood Patch, Epidural , Brain Neoplasms , Brain , Headache , Hip , Humans , Post-Dural Puncture Headache
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201386

ABSTRACT

Epidural administration of opioid and/or local anesthetics during general anesthesia is widespread method for postoperative pain control. Despite of its availability, inadvertent administration of non-epidural medications into epidural space can be associated with serious neurologic sequelae. We report a case of accidental epidural atracurium injection.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General , Anesthetics, Local , Atracurium , Epidural Space , Lidocaine , Pain, Postoperative
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211891

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of propofol using a target-controlled infusion (TCI) with two currently used anesthetic regimens during major operations. METHODS: Forty-two patients undergoing major gynecological surgery were divided into three groups according to the period during which the surgeries were performed. Group propofol/TCI (n = 16) received 1% propofol using TCI-50% N2O, Group isoflurane (n = 14) received thiopental 5 mg/kg-isoflurane-50% N2O, and Group enflurane (n = 12) received thiopental 5 mg/kg-enflurane-50% N2O. All patients also received 2 microgram/kg of fentanyl before induction. Concentrations of propofol and volatile anesthetics were varied according to the patient's hemodynamic responses. Consumption of volatile anesthetics was measured by weighing the vaporizers by a precision weighing machine. RESULTS: Biometric data, duration of surgery and of anesthesia were similar in the three groups. Recovery from anesthesia was significantly shorter in the propofol/TCI group. Episodes of postoperative nausea and vomiting in the recovery room were less common in propofol/TCI group. Patient satisfaction was similar in all three groups. Total (intra- and postoperative) costs were significantly higher in the propofol/TCI group. CONCLUSIONS: When compared with the standard anesthetic regimens, the use of propofol using TCI anesthesia during major operations was associated with higher costs, but did not offer any clinically significant advantages in cost-effectiveness over the standard anesthesia regimens.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Enflurane , Female , Fentanyl , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Hemodynamics , Humans , Isoflurane , Nebulizers and Vaporizers , Patient Satisfaction , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Propofol , Recovery Room , Thiopental
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The addition of clonidine to local anesthetics for regional block has been shown to increase the duration of anesthesia and analgesia. This study was designed to determine whether the addition of clonidine to bupivacaine would produce an extension of the analgesic effect after intercostal nerve block (ICNB). METHODS: After informed consent, 30 ASA 1 or 2 patients undergoing appendectomy under general anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups. Before induction of anesthesia, ICNB using a posterior approach was performed with 15 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine plus epinephrine 1:200,000 with (Group BEC; n = 15) or without (Group BE; n = 15) clonidine 75 microgram. Analgesia was assessed by cold testing at 1/min intervals until cold sensation decreased. The duration of analgesia (time between injection and onset of pain) was recorded. We also recorded the visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, the number of supplemental analgesics, heart rate and blood pressure, and side effects over 24 hours postoperatively. RESULTS: The onset time, duration of analgesia, number of analgesics, and heart rate and blood pressure were comparable in both groups. VAS scores were significantly lower in Group BEC than in Group BE at 12, 16, and 20 hours postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of clonidine to bupivacaine with epinephrine may be a useful adjunct and can prolong the duration of analgesia after ICNB without significant side effects.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Analgesics , Anesthesia , Anesthesia and Analgesia , Anesthesia, General , Anesthetics, Local , Appendectomy , Blood Pressure , Bupivacaine , Clonidine , Epinephrine , Heart Rate , Humans , Informed Consent , Intercostal Nerves , Pain, Postoperative , Sensation
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104877

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Minimal flow anesthesia preserves the moisture content of CO2 absorbents and seems to be a factor inhibiting carbon monoxide generation. In order to assess the safety of minimal flow anesthesia, we studied carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) level in minimal flow anesthesia. METHODS: Forty women, ASA physical status I or II, undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy were randomly allocated to one of two groups with N2O-enflurane anesthesia. Anesthesia was maintained with O2 2 l/min and N2O 2 l/min (group 1) or O2 0.3 l/min and N2O 0.2 l/min (group 2). The arterial COHb levels were measured immediately after induction (T1), 45 min after induction (T2), 75 min after induction (T3), and after recovery from anesthesia (T4). RESULTS: Although there was no statistically significant change in both groups, the COHb level at T3 and T4 increased more than that at T1 in group 1, and that at T3 and T4 decreased more than that at T1 in group 2. There was a significant difference in the COHb level at T4 between group 1 (0.93 0.31%) and 2 (0.68 0.36%) (P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These results show that minimal flow anesthesia does not increase the COHb level and may be performed safely.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Carbon Monoxide , Carboxyhemoglobin , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy
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