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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e124-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976942

ABSTRACT

Background@#There are several differences in the clinical course of hypertension due to the biological and social differences between men and women. Resistant hypertension is an advanced disease state, and significant gender difference could be expected, but much has not been revealed yet. The purpose of this study was to compare gender differences on the current status of blood pressure (BP) control and clinical prognosis in patients with resistant hypertension. @*Methods@#This is a multicenter, retrospective cohort study using common data model databases of 3 tertiary hospitals in Korea. Total 4,926 patients with resistant hypertension were selected from January 2017 to December 2018. Occurrence of dialysis, heart failure (HF) hospitalization, myocardial infarction, stroke, dementia or all-cause mortality was followed up for 3 years. @*Results@#Male patients with resistant hypertension were younger but had a higher cardiovascular risk than female patients. Prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy and proteinuria was higher in men than in women. On-treatment diastolic BP was lower in women than in men and target BP achievement rate was higher in women than in men.During 3 years, the incidence of dialysis and myocardial infarction was higher in men, and the incidence of stroke and dementia was higher in women. After adjustment, male sex was an independent risk factor for HF hospitalization, myocardial infarction, and all-cause death. @*Conclusion@#In resistant hypertension, men were younger than women, but end-organ damage was more common and the risk of cardiovascular event was higher. More intensive cardiovascular prevention strategies may be required in male patients with resistant hypertension.

2.
Healthcare Informatics Research ; : 132-144, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000431

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Electrocardiography (ECG)-based diagnosis by experts cannot maintain uniform quality because individual differences may occur. Previous public databases can be used for clinical studies, but there is no common standard that would allow databases to be combined. For this reason, it is difficult to conduct research that derives results by combining databases. Recent commercial ECG machines offer diagnoses similar to those of a physician. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to construct a standardized ECG database using computerized diagnoses. @*Methods@#The constructed database was standardized using Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) and Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership–common data model (OMOP-CDM), and data were then categorized into 10 groups based on the Minnesota classification. In addition, to extract high-quality waveforms, poor-quality ECGs were removed, and database bias was minimized by extracting at least 2,000 cases for each group. To check database quality, the difference in baseline displacement according to whether poor ECGs were removed was analyzed, and the usefulness of the database was verified with seven classification models using waveforms. @*Results@#The standardized KURIAS-ECG database consists of high-quality ECGs from 13,862 patients, with about 20,000 data points, making it possible to obtain more than 2,000 for each Minnesota classification. An artificial intelligence classification model using the data extracted through SNOMED-CT showed an average accuracy of 88.03%. @*Conclusions@#The KURIAS-ECG database contains standardized ECG data extracted from various machines. The proposed protocol should promote cardiovascular disease research using big data and artificial intelligence.

3.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 150-163, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938689

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of ischemic heart disease is steadily growing as populations age. Antithrombotic treatment is a key therapeutic modality for the prevention of secondary cerebro-cardiovascular disease. Patients with acute coronary syndrome or who are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention must be treated with dual antiplatelet therapy for a mandatory period. The optimal perioperative antithrombotic regimen remains debatable; antithrombotics can cause bleeding. Inadequate antithrombotic regimens are associated with perioperative ischemic events, but continuation of therapy may increase the risks of perioperative hemorrhagic complications (including mortality). Many guidelines on the perioperative management of antithrombotic agents have been established by academic societies. However, the existing guidelines do not cover all specialties, nor do they describe the thrombotic and hemorrhagic risks associated with various surgical interventions. Moreover, few practical recommendations on the modification of antithrombotic regimens in patients who require non-deferrable interventions/surgeries or procedures associated with a high risk of hemorrhage have appeared. Therefore, cardiologists, specialists performing invasive procedures, surgeons, dentists, and anesthesiologists have not come to a consensus on optimal perioperative antithrombotic regimens. The Korean Platelet-Thrombosis Research Group presented a positioning paper on perioperative antithrombotic management. We here discuss commonly encountered clinical scenarios and engage in evidence-based discussion to assist individualized, perioperative antithrombotic management in clinical practice.

4.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 204-228, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938674

ABSTRACT

Given the progressive improvements in antithrombotic strategies, management of cardiovascular disease has become sophisticated/refined. However, the optimal perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome or who are scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention remains unclear. Assessments of the thrombotic and hemorrhagic risks are essential to reduce the rates of mortality and major cardiac events. However, the existing guidelines do not mention these topics. This case-based consensus document deals with common clinical scenarios and offers evidence-based guidelines for individualized perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in the real world.

5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 413-421, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927172

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Platelet function test (PFT) results and genotype hold unique prognostic implications in East Asian patients. The aim of the PTRG-DES (Platelet function and genoType-Related long-term proGnosis in Drug-Eluting Stent-treated Patients with coronary artery disease) consortium is to assess the clinical impact thereof on long-term clinical outcomes in Korean patients with coronary artery disease during dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) including clopidogrel. @*Materials and Methods@#Searching publications on the PubMed, we reviewed clopidogrel treatment studies with PFT and/or genotype data for potential inclusion in this study. Lead investigators were invited to share PFT/genotype results, patient characteristics, and clinical outcomes to evaluate relationships among them. @*Results@#Nine registries from 32 academic centers participated in the PTRG-DES consortium, contributing individual patient data from 13160 patients who underwent DES implantation between July 2003 and August 2018. The PTRG-PFT cohort was composed of 11714 patients with available VerifyNow assay results. Platelet reactivity levels reached 218±79 P2Y12 reaction units (PRU), and high on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity based on a consensus-recommended cutoff (PRU >208) was observed in 55.9%. The PTRGGenotype cohort consisted of 8163 patients with candidate genotypes related with clopidogrel responsiveness. Of those with cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 genotype, frequencies of carrying one and two loss-of-function allele (s) (*2 or *3) were 47.9% (intermediate metabolizers) and 14.2% (poor metabolizers), respectively. @*Conclusion@#The PTRG-DES consortium highlights unique values for on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity and CYP2C19 phenotype that may be important to developing optimal antiplatelet regimens in East Asian patients.

6.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 46-54, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926812

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The study aimed to examine whether prophylactic surfactant replacement therapy (SRT) with less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) by tracheal catheterization in a group of spontaneously breathing preterm infants would improve clinical outcomes compared to prophylactic SRT with the INtubation-SURfactantExtubation (INSURE) method. @*Methods@#We compared 20 spontaneously breathing preterm infants, 25 to 29 weeks of gestation or with a birth weight of less than 1,250 g, treated with prophylactic SRT using a gastric tube (LISA group), to the 20 spontaneously breathing preterm infants matched by gestational age and birth weight, managed with prophylactic SRT via the INSURE method (INSURE group, historical control). @*Results@#The LISA group had lower rates of mechanical ventilation (MV) 72 hours after birth (P=0.019) and at any time (P=0.025), lower frequency of bradycardia during SRT (P=0.031), and lower median duration of MV than the INSURE group (P=0.038). In multivariate analysis, the LISA method was associated with a significantly lower likelihood of receiving invasive ventilation during hospitalization (odds ratio [OR], 0.029; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.001 to 0.938; P=0.046) and a decreased frequency of bradycardia during SRT (OR, 0.020; 95% CI, 0.001 to 0.535; P=0.020) as compared to the INSURE method. @*Conclusion@#Prophylactic SRT using LISA via tracheal catheterization in preterm infants may significantly reduce exposure to MV during hospitalization and bradycardia during surfactant administration.

7.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 719-729, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898111

ABSTRACT

Background@#Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is closely associated with the aging process. However, changes in metabolic conditions and cardiac function that occur in middle aged population remain unclear. We evaluated longitudinal changes in metabolic parameters and cardiac function during a 3-year period in subjects with suspected MetS. @*Methods@#We studied 191 participants with suspected MetS at baseline and after 3 years. Anthropometric parameters, including waist circumference (WC), and metabolic parameters, including fasting blood glucose and lipid profile were measured. Conventional echocardiography with two-dimensional speckle tracking was performed. @*Results@#Mean age was 56.2±4.4 years, and there were 97 women (50.8%). Men had increased WC and triglycerides (TG) (WC 91.2±6.8 cm vs. 84.0±8.0 cm, P<0.001; TG 184.4±116.3 mg/dL vs. 128.2±53.6 mg/dL, P<0.001), and reduced global longitudinal strain (GLS) (–15.4%±2.1% vs. –17.1%±2.0%, P<0.001) compared to women. After 3.4 years, values of WC and TG did not change in men but increased in women (all P<0.05). The absolute value of left ventricular (LV) GLS did not change in men but was reduced in women (P=0.011). Change in TG was independently associated with worsening of LV GLS only in women (standardized β, –0.309; 95% confidence interval, –0.130 to –0.009; P=0.025). @*Conclusion@#In middle aged population, a vulnerable period for metabolic disturbance, cardiac remodeling tended to progress, which was prominent in women. Progression of adiposity and dyslipidemia after menopause may accelerate subclinical cardiac remodeling in middle-aged women. Lifestyle modification and medical interventions may help prevent further cardiac dysfunction in these subjects.

8.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 463-473, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897677

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Useful biomarkers for metabolic syndrome have been insufficient. We investigated the performance of serum milk fat globule-EGF factor-8 (MFG-E8), the key mediator of inflammatory pathway, in diagnosis of metabolic syndrome. @*Methods@#Subjects aged between 30 and 64 years were prospectively enrolled in the Seoul Metabolic Syndrome cohort. Serum MFG-E8 levels were measured at baseline. @*Results@#A total of 556 subjects were included, comprising 279 women (50.2%) and 277 men (49.8%). Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed in 236 subjects (42.4%), and the mean MFG-E8 level of subjects with metabolic syndrome was significantly higher than that of subjects without metabolic syndrome (P<0.001). MFG-E8 level was significantly correlated with all metabolic syndrome components and pulse wave velocity (all P<0.05). Subjects were categorized into two groups according to the best MFG-E8 cut-off value as follows: group 1, MFG-E8 level <4,745.1 pg/mL (n=401, 72.1%); and group 2, MFG-E8 level ≥4,745.1 (n=155, 27.9%). At baseline, metabolic syndrome in group 2 was significantly more prevalent than in group 1 (63.9% vs. 34.2%, P<0.001). During median follow-up of 17 months, metabolic syndrome developed in 122 (38.1%) subjects among 320 subjects without it at baseline. The incidence of metabolic syndrome in group 2 was significantly higher than that in group 1 (55.4% vs. 34.5%, P=0.003). On multivariate analysis, MFG-E8 level ≥4,745.1 pg/mL was an independent predictor for diagnosis and development of metabolic syndrome after adjusting other factors (all P<0.05). @*Conclusions@#Serum MFG-E8 level is a potent biomarker for the screening and prediction of metabolic syndrome.

9.
Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis ; : 202-209, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892551

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis (KSoLA) has published the Dyslipidemia Fact Sheets in Korea 2020 to provide an overview of magnitude and management status of dyslipidemia and their recent trends therein. @*Methods@#The Fact Sheets were based on the analyses of Korean adults aged 20 years or older of the 2007–2018 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and the 2002–2018 National Health Insurance Big Data (NHI-BD). @*Results@#Between 2007 and 2018, the crude prevalence of hypercholesterolemia increased from 9.0% to 20.7%. During the same period, its management rate also improved yet remained unsatisfactory. In 2018, the prevalence of dyslipidemia was 45.6% in men and 31.3% in women, which increased with older age and presence of metabolic abnormalities.Indeed, the number of people diagnosed with dyslipidemia has increased nearly 8-fold from 1.5 million in 2002 to 11.6 million in 2018; alongside, the number of people receiving pharmacological treatment for dyslipidemia has also risen. Of the 7.7 million people treated for dyslipidemia in 2018, statin accounted for the majority (91.8%) of lipid-lowering drug prescriptions, followed by ezetimibe (14.6%), fibrate (8.5%), and omega-3 acid (5.9%). The most frequently used combination therapy was statin plus ezetimibe, accounting for 72% of dual therapy prescriptions. @*Conclusion@#Dyslipidemia continues to impose a substantial disease burden in Korea. Both healthcare practitioners and patients need to actively adopt guideline-recommended lifestyle modification and pharmacological treatment for comprehensive, timely, and sustained management.

10.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 719-729, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890407

ABSTRACT

Background@#Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is closely associated with the aging process. However, changes in metabolic conditions and cardiac function that occur in middle aged population remain unclear. We evaluated longitudinal changes in metabolic parameters and cardiac function during a 3-year period in subjects with suspected MetS. @*Methods@#We studied 191 participants with suspected MetS at baseline and after 3 years. Anthropometric parameters, including waist circumference (WC), and metabolic parameters, including fasting blood glucose and lipid profile were measured. Conventional echocardiography with two-dimensional speckle tracking was performed. @*Results@#Mean age was 56.2±4.4 years, and there were 97 women (50.8%). Men had increased WC and triglycerides (TG) (WC 91.2±6.8 cm vs. 84.0±8.0 cm, P<0.001; TG 184.4±116.3 mg/dL vs. 128.2±53.6 mg/dL, P<0.001), and reduced global longitudinal strain (GLS) (–15.4%±2.1% vs. –17.1%±2.0%, P<0.001) compared to women. After 3.4 years, values of WC and TG did not change in men but increased in women (all P<0.05). The absolute value of left ventricular (LV) GLS did not change in men but was reduced in women (P=0.011). Change in TG was independently associated with worsening of LV GLS only in women (standardized β, –0.309; 95% confidence interval, –0.130 to –0.009; P=0.025). @*Conclusion@#In middle aged population, a vulnerable period for metabolic disturbance, cardiac remodeling tended to progress, which was prominent in women. Progression of adiposity and dyslipidemia after menopause may accelerate subclinical cardiac remodeling in middle-aged women. Lifestyle modification and medical interventions may help prevent further cardiac dysfunction in these subjects.

11.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 463-473, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889973

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Useful biomarkers for metabolic syndrome have been insufficient. We investigated the performance of serum milk fat globule-EGF factor-8 (MFG-E8), the key mediator of inflammatory pathway, in diagnosis of metabolic syndrome. @*Methods@#Subjects aged between 30 and 64 years were prospectively enrolled in the Seoul Metabolic Syndrome cohort. Serum MFG-E8 levels were measured at baseline. @*Results@#A total of 556 subjects were included, comprising 279 women (50.2%) and 277 men (49.8%). Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed in 236 subjects (42.4%), and the mean MFG-E8 level of subjects with metabolic syndrome was significantly higher than that of subjects without metabolic syndrome (P<0.001). MFG-E8 level was significantly correlated with all metabolic syndrome components and pulse wave velocity (all P<0.05). Subjects were categorized into two groups according to the best MFG-E8 cut-off value as follows: group 1, MFG-E8 level <4,745.1 pg/mL (n=401, 72.1%); and group 2, MFG-E8 level ≥4,745.1 (n=155, 27.9%). At baseline, metabolic syndrome in group 2 was significantly more prevalent than in group 1 (63.9% vs. 34.2%, P<0.001). During median follow-up of 17 months, metabolic syndrome developed in 122 (38.1%) subjects among 320 subjects without it at baseline. The incidence of metabolic syndrome in group 2 was significantly higher than that in group 1 (55.4% vs. 34.5%, P=0.003). On multivariate analysis, MFG-E8 level ≥4,745.1 pg/mL was an independent predictor for diagnosis and development of metabolic syndrome after adjusting other factors (all P<0.05). @*Conclusions@#Serum MFG-E8 level is a potent biomarker for the screening and prediction of metabolic syndrome.

12.
Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis ; : 202-209, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900255

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis (KSoLA) has published the Dyslipidemia Fact Sheets in Korea 2020 to provide an overview of magnitude and management status of dyslipidemia and their recent trends therein. @*Methods@#The Fact Sheets were based on the analyses of Korean adults aged 20 years or older of the 2007–2018 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and the 2002–2018 National Health Insurance Big Data (NHI-BD). @*Results@#Between 2007 and 2018, the crude prevalence of hypercholesterolemia increased from 9.0% to 20.7%. During the same period, its management rate also improved yet remained unsatisfactory. In 2018, the prevalence of dyslipidemia was 45.6% in men and 31.3% in women, which increased with older age and presence of metabolic abnormalities.Indeed, the number of people diagnosed with dyslipidemia has increased nearly 8-fold from 1.5 million in 2002 to 11.6 million in 2018; alongside, the number of people receiving pharmacological treatment for dyslipidemia has also risen. Of the 7.7 million people treated for dyslipidemia in 2018, statin accounted for the majority (91.8%) of lipid-lowering drug prescriptions, followed by ezetimibe (14.6%), fibrate (8.5%), and omega-3 acid (5.9%). The most frequently used combination therapy was statin plus ezetimibe, accounting for 72% of dual therapy prescriptions. @*Conclusion@#Dyslipidemia continues to impose a substantial disease burden in Korea. Both healthcare practitioners and patients need to actively adopt guideline-recommended lifestyle modification and pharmacological treatment for comprehensive, timely, and sustained management.

13.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 8-15, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837011

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We compared perinatal characteristics, clinical outcomes, and treatment between late preterm infants born at 34 weeks and 35 to 36 weeks of gestation. @*Methods@#We reviewed the medical records of 254 neonates (gestational age 34+0 to +6 weeks) who were born at Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital between July 1, 2013 and June 31, 2018. Late preterm infants were categorized into two groups: Group 1 (born at 34 weeks, n=88) and Group 2 (born at 35 to 36 weeks, n=162). We compared the clinical outcomes, treatment, and readmission within 12 months after birth between two groups. @*Results@#Group 1 showed higher frequencies of antenatal steroid administration, premature membrane rupture, maternal antibiotic use, and histologic chorioamnionitis. Group 1 also had significantly more medical problems such as respiratory distress, feed ing intolerance, gavage feeding, neonatal jaundice, apnea or bradycardia, and hypocalcemia. Treatment during hospital stay including respiratory support, nutritional sup port, and antibiotics use over 24 hours was also significantly higher in Group 1. In addition, delayed discharge was more frequent in Group 1. @*Conclusion@#Late preterm infants born at 34 weeks gestation had significantly higher morbidity, required more aggressive management, and more often had delayed discharge compared to those in late preterm infants born at 35 to 36 weeks’ gestation.

14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 907-922, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833073

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The Sapien 3 (S3) valve has not been compared to the Sapien XT (SXT) valve in Korea. We compared procedural and clinical outcomes between the 2 devices. @*Methods@#A total of 189 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with S3 (n=95) or SXT (n=94) valve was analyzed. The primary endpoint was cardiovascular mortality at 1 year. The median follow-up duration was 438 days. @*Results@#The Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was similar between the 2 groups. The device success rate (90.4% vs. 97.9%; p=0.028) was higher in the S3 than in the SXT. The S3 showed significantly fewer cases of moderate or severe paravalvular leakage (PVL) (16.7% vs.0.0%; p=0.001) than the SXT. However, effective orifice area (EOA) (2.07±0.61 vs. 1.70±0.49 cm2 ; p<0.001) was smaller in the S3. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed the S3 was associated with significantly fewer cardiovascular mortality at 1 year compared to the SXT (5.4% vs. 1.1%; hazard ratio, 0.031; 95% confidence interval, 0.001–0.951; p=0.047). Periprocedural complication rates, composite of disabling stroke or all-cause mortality, allcause mortality, and disabling stroke at 1 year were similar between the 2 groups. @*Conclusions@#Cardiovascular mortality was lower in the S3 group than in the SXT group over 1 year of follow-up. The reduction in PVL was attributed to the higher device success rate of TAVR with the S3 valve. However, the benefit of S3 obtained at the expense of reduced EOA should be meticulously re-evaluated in larger studies during long-term follow-up.

15.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 522-531, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714640

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which is found in high contents in the dried leaves of green tea, has been reported to have an anti-platelet effect, synergistic effects of EGCG in addition to current anti-platelet medications remains to be elucidated. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from 40 participants who took aspirin (ASA, n = 10), clopidogrel (CPD, n = 10), ticagrelor (TCG, n = 10) and no anti-platelet medication (Control, n = 10). Ex vivo platelet aggregation and adhesion under various stimulators were analyzed by multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) and Impact-R systems. PAC-1 and P-selectin expressions in human platelets were analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: In MEA analysis, adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAP)-induced platelet aggregations were lower in the CPD and the TCG groups; arachidonic acid (AA)-induced platelet aggregation was lower in the ASA group, whereas collagen (COL)-induced platelet aggregations were comparable among four groups. EGCG significantly reduced ADP- and COL-induced platelet aggregation in dose-dependent manner (ADP, p = 0.04; COL, p < 0.01). There were no additional suppressions of platelet aggregation stimulated by AA in the ASA group, and by ADP in the CPD and TCG groups. Moreover, EGCG suppressed shear stress-induced platelet adhesion on Impact-R, and had no effect on P-selectin and PAC-1 expressions. CONCLUSIONS: Ex vivo treatment of EGCG inhibited platelet adhesion and aggregation without changes in P-selectin and PAC-1 expression. There was no additional suppressions in platelet aggregation stimulated by AA in the ASA group and ADP in the CPD and TCG groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosine Diphosphate , Arachidonic Acid , Aspirin , Blood Platelets , Catechin , Collagen , Electrodes , Flow Cytometry , P-Selectin , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Receptors, Thrombin , Tea
16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 151-159, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59353

ABSTRACT

Over the past decade, stem cell therapy has been extensively studied for clinical application for heart diseases. Among various stem cells, adipose tissue-derived stem cell (ADSC) is still an attractive stem cell resource due to its abundance and easy accessibility. In vitro studies showed the multipotent differentiation potentials of ADSC, even differentiation into cardiomyocytes. Many pre-clinical animal studies have also demonstrated promising therapeutic results of ADSC. Furthermore, there were several clinical trials showing the positive results in acute myocardial infarction using ADSC. The present article covers the brief introduction, the suggested therapeutic mechanisms, application methods including cell dose and delivery, and human clinical trials of ADSC for myocardial regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Adipose Tissue , Heart Diseases , In Vitro Techniques , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Regeneration , Stem Cells
17.
Journal of the Korean Society of Hypertension ; : 99-111, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98231

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction has been documented in patients with type 2 diabetes especially when combined with hypertension. We prospectively investigated the effects of pioglitazone in improving endothelial function in hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients during the 6-month follow-up. METHODS: Hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients were randomly assigned to pioglitazone (n = 25) or placebo (n = 25). Primary endpoint was to compare changes in brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (baFMD) between the 2 groups during the 6-month follow-up. Secondary endpoints were to compare changes in the circulating levels of microRNA-17, -21, 92a, -126, and -145 which have been known as indicators of endothelial cell migration and atherosclerosis progression during the 6-month follow-up. Inflammatory markers such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), high-sensitive C-reactive protein, adiponectin, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) were compared during the follow-up. RESULTS: The prevalences of risk factors such as hyperlipidemia, smoking, stroke, and family history of coronary artery disease did not show significant differences between the 2 groups. Increases in baFMD (0.33 +/- 0.34 mm vs. 0.02 +/- 0.25 mm, p < 0.05, respectively) and in the level of circulating microRNA-21 (0.23 +/- 0.05 vs. -0.06 +/- 0.04, p < 0.05, respectively) were significantly greater in the pioglitazone group when compared to the placebo group during the 6-month follow-up. No significant differences in the prevalences of new onset heart failure, fracture, and bladder cancer were noted during the follow-up between the 2 groups. Decreases in the levels of inflammatory marker such as IL-6 (-2.54 +/- 2.32 pg/mL vs. -1.34 +/- 2.12 pg/mL, p < 0.05, respectively), TNF-alpha (-1.54 +/- 1.51 pg/mL vs. 0.14 +/- 1.12 pg/mL, p < 0.05, respectively), sICAM-1 (-39 +/- 52 ng/mL vs. 6 +/- 72 ng/mL, p < 0.05, respectively), and sVCAM-1 (-154 +/- 198 ng/mL vs. -11 +/- 356 ng/mL, p < 0.05, respectively) were significantly greater in the pioglitazone group compared to the placebo group during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients, pioglitazone may increase baFMD and circulatory microRNA-21 and decrease inflammatory cytokines including IL-6, TNF-alpha, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adiponectin , Atherosclerosis , Brachial Artery , C-Reactive Protein , Coronary Artery Disease , Cytokines , Diabetes Mellitus , Endothelial Cells , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Hyperlipidemias , Hypertension , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Interleukin-6 , MicroRNAs , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking , Stroke , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
18.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 388-392, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33195

ABSTRACT

Rupture of the sinus of Valsalva is an extremely rare complication after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Because it usually results from the retrograde extension of a dissection of the right coronary artery and may quickly spread to involve the entire aorta, it can cause life-threatening complications such as aortic dissection. If the dissection remains localized, it can resolve spontaneously in the first month. Our patient experienced a delayed rupture of the right sinus of Valsalva into the right atrium at approximately 3 months after PCI.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/adverse effects , Aortic Rupture/etiology , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Heart Atria/pathology , Sinus of Valsalva , Time Factors
19.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 188-191, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222778

ABSTRACT

The finding of a left main coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva is a rare congenital anomaly. The clinical course of patients with a congenital anomaly of the coronary artery may be compromised depending on its anatomic relationship with adjunctive structures. Some anomalous origins of the left main coronary arteries arising from right aortic sinus of Valsalva have been associated with angina pectoris and sudden death, especially if their pathways are between the pulmonary artery and the aorta. We report a rare case with a combined congenital anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery arising with the right coronary artery simultaneously from the right aortic sinus of Valsalva in a patient with a patent ductus arteriosus. The left main coronary artery was extremely long because its pathway went in front of the pulmonary artery. There was no evidence of artherosclerosis or dynamic stenosis on the angiogram.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angina Pectoris , Aorta , Arteries , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Vessels , Death, Sudden , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Pulmonary Artery , Sinus of Valsalva
20.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 170-173, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-7154

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the frequent complications. Percutaneous PV angioplasty and stent implantation have been used as an effective therapy for this condition, yet the in-stent restenosis rate tends to increase after stent implantation at the stenotic PVs. This seems to be caused by neointimal hyperplasia within the stent. This is the first case report on using drug-eluting stent for the treatment of pulmonary vein stenosis that developed after RFCA of AF.


Subject(s)
Angioplasty , Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Constriction, Pathologic , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hyperplasia , Pulmonary Veins , Stents
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