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1.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 19-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003205

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of internal iliac artery (IIA) interruption during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to identify the risk factors for ischemic complications. @*Materials and Methods@#Endovascular treatment was performed in 316 patients with aneurysms or pseudoaneurysms of the abdominal aorta or iliac arteries between March 2006 and January 2022. Medical records and radiological imaging studies were retrospectively reviewed. The incidences of buttock claudication, ischemic colitis, and spinal cord ischemia after IIA interruption were investigated as clinical outcomes. Binary logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the risk factors. @*Results@#IIA embolization was performed in 78 patients. Among the 42 patients who underwent IIA flow preservation procedures, the one-month computed tomography detected early failure in five patients. The origin of the IIA was covered with an endograft in ten patients who did not undergo embolization. Eventually, interruption of the IIA by EVAR was observed in 93 patients. Considering preoperative IIA occlusion, there was a total of six patients who did not have at least one IIA patency. Buttock claudication occurred in 32.6% of the patients, and none of the patients had ischemic colitis or spinal cord ischemia. In multivariable analysis, age ≤80 years and isolated iliac artery aneurysm were associated with the development of postoperative buttock claudication. @*Conclusion@#The most common complication after IIA interruption is buttock claudication; however, critical complications such as ischemic colitis or spinal cord ischemia are rare, even in bilateral IIA occlusion. Adjunctive procedures to preserve bilateral IIA perfusion should be adopted selectively.

2.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 16-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003188

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to (1) evaluate the outcomes of below-knee prosthetic bypass (BKPB) in the absence of the great saphenous vein, and (2) identify risk factors associated with these outcomes. @*Materials and Methods@#This study included 37 consecutive patients who underwent BKPB with or without distal modification between 2010 and 2022. We further assessed the following treatment outcomes: primary patency (PP), secondary patency (SP), limb salvage (LS), and amputation-free survival (AFS) rates. The risk factors for PP were also examined. @*Results@#Most patients (n=31) were male. In 32 (86.5%) patients, BKPBs were performed for chronic limb-threatening ischemia. At the time of initial admission, two (5.4%) early deaths and three (8.1%) major amputations were noted. At 1 year after BKPB, the overall PP, SP, LS, and AFS rates were 78%, 85%, 85%, and 70%, respectively; at 3 years, they were 58%, 70%, 80%, and 52%, respectively; and at 5 years, they were 35%, 58%, 62%, and 29%, respectively. Notably, PP was significantly lower in limbs with ≤1 patent tibial arteries than in limbs with ≥2 patent artery (hazard ratio [HR], 3.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14-12.69 for overall; and HR, 12.97; 95% CI, 2.15-78.08 for distal anastomosis to below-knee popliteal artery). However, the PP was unaffected by the distal modification. @*Conclusion@#BKPB is a viable option for LS in patients with extensive femoropopliteal disease. Tibial runoff was significantly correlated with patency; therefore, decision-making for BKPB and follow-up must involve careful evaluation of the outflow arteries.

3.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 2-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977423

ABSTRACT

Considering the recent advancements in endovascular management of aortoiliac aneurysms, the use of an iliac branch device (IBD) to preserve pelvic blood flow and reduce complications caused by embolization of the internal iliac artery (IIA) is recommended by various guidelines. Although the outcomes reported following IBD placement are mainly positive and durable, IBD-specific complications such as a type Ic endoleak and associated reintervention may occur. Moreover, only one IBD device and one type of balloon-expandable bridging stent graft for IIA are currently available on the domestic market. Here we present two cases of type Ic endoleak following IBD placement. In both cases, IIA diameter was slightly larger than the basic instructions for use. Notably, the initial procedures were considered successful; however, type Ic endoleaks were detected on 1-month follow-up imaging. This finding emphasizes the need for a precise preoperative evaluation, intraoperative manipulation, and postoperative follow-up.

4.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 5-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977419

ABSTRACT

Although hepatic artery aneurysms (HAAs) are uncommon, they are associated with risk of rupture. HAAs >2 cm in diameter require endovascular or open surgical repairs. For HAAs involving the proper hepatic artery or gastroduodenal artery, which is a collateral artery from the superior mesenteric artery, hepatic arterial reconstruction is especially important to avoid ischemic liver injury. In this study, right gastroepiploic artery transposition was performed in a 53-year-old man after a 4 cm common hepatic artery and proper hepatic artery aneurysm was identified. The patient was discharged without any complications on postoperative day 8.

5.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 32-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968860

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of isolated common femoral endarterectomy with patch angioplasty (IFEA) in the endovascular era. @*Materials and Methods@#In 2012-2022, 189 limbs underwent femoral endarterectomy with patch angioplasty. Of them, 45 IFEAs were included. We evaluated safety based on early complications; efficacy with primary patency (PP) and reintervention, above-ankle amputation, or stenosis (RAS)-free survival. We also evaluated lesion characteristics and outcomes according to the inclusion criteria (IC) of vascular mimetic implant-common femoral artery (VMI-CFA) stenting trial. @*Results@#Forty-one patients were male, and 30 IFEAs were required for claudication. No cases of early mortality occurred. Ten limbs (22%) developed localonvascular complications (hematoma, 3; lymphocele, 5; wound infection, 2), of which 8 resolved spontaneously. The overall PP and secondary patency rates were 100% at 1 year and 87% and 97% at 3 years, respectively. Twenty-one lesions (47%) did not meet the IC. The PP within the IC was 100% at 1 and 3 years, and the PP outside the IC was 100% at 1 year and 73% at 3 years (P=0.068). The overall RAS-free survival rates were 91% at 1 year and 81% at 3 years. All cases of RAS occurred in lesions outside the IC. The multivariate analysis showed that dialysis was associated with poor RAS-free survival (adjusted odds ratio, 8.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.9-35.5; P=0.005). @*Conclusion@#The recent VMI-CFA trial results should be interpreted with caution.IFEA is a low-risk and durable procedure; however, careful follow-up is warranted in patients undergoing dialysis.

6.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 372-383, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938430

ABSTRACT

The number of elderly patients with end-stage kidney disease has been increasing, but the outcomes of kidney transplants (KT) remain poorly understood in elderly patients. Therefore, we evaluated the clinical outcomes of elderly KT recipients and analyzed the impact of elderly donors. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients who underwent KT between 2000 and 2019. KT recipients were divided into four groups according to a combination of recipient and donor age (≥60 or <60 years); elderly recipients: old-to-old (n = 46) and young-to-old (n = 83); young recipients: old-to-young (n = 98) and young-to-young (n = 796). We compared the risks of mortality, graft failure, and acute rejection between groups using Cox regression analysis. Results: The incidence of delayed graft function, graft failure, and acute rejection was not different among groups. Annual mean tacrolimus trough level was not lower in elderly recipients than young recipients during 10-year follow-up. Mortality was significantly higher in elderly recipients (p = 0.001), particularly infection-related mortality (p < 0.001). In multivariable Cox regression analysis, old-toold and young-to-old groups had increased risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 2.89; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14– 7.32; p = 0.03; aHR, 3.06; 95% CI, 1.51–6.20; p = 0.002). However, graft failure and acute rejection risks were not increased in elderly recipients. Conclusion: In elderly recipients, graft survival and acute rejection-free survival were not inferior to those of young recipients. However, mortality, especially risk of infection-related death, was increased in elderly recipients. Thus, low immunosuppression intensity might help decrease mortality in elderly recipients.

7.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 34-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919584

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to examine the sac changes after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms. @*Materials and Methods@#We examined the aneurysm sac size initially and regularly after surgery in 157 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR in 2009-2019.Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans were used as well as ultrasound images with non-enhanced CT scans in the patients with renal insufficiency. Sac expansion (SE) at 3 years was divided into two categories: progressive SE (PSE) defined as continuous sac enlargement of ≥5 mm on serial follow-up images at 1 and 3 years compared with the initial sac and delayed SE (DSE) defined as re-expansion of ≥5 mm compared with the regressed or stable sac at 1 year. The SE rate at 1 and 3 years and the risk factors for SE at 3 years were analyzed using logistic regression. @*Results@#During a median follow-up of 32.5 months, nine reinterventions in six patients were performed with open conversion (n=5) and endovascular repair (n=4).At 1 year, 112 patients underwent follow-up imaging. SE and sac regression were noted in 4 (3.6%) and 57 (50.9%) patients, respectively. Of the 64 patients with 3-year follow-up images, 16 (25%) exhibited SE (PSE [n=6] and DSE [n=10]). In the multivariable analysis, the risk factors for overall SE at 3 years were endoleaks at 1 year (P=0.006) and renal insufficiency (P=0.003). @*Conclusion@#During post-EVAR follow-up, patients with any endoleak at 1 year or renal insufficiency must be strictly monitored for SE development.

8.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 40-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919577

ABSTRACT

Diabetes and renal failure frequently involved in small vessel arteriopathy. With medical advancements, those patients survive longer with an increasing incidence of resultant arterial occlusive disease affecting the distal upper extremity (UE). In patients with ulcers or gangrene in the distal UE, bypass surgery is often complicated by severe atherosclerosis with calcification, resulting in poor distal anastomosis quality. Here we report a patient with a fingertip gangrene who were successfully treated with in situ bypass from the brachial artery below the elbow to the radial artery in the anatomical snuffbox under local anesthesia. Bypass graft patency was maintained during the 18-month follow-up. If the forearm cephalic vein and radial artery in the anatomical snuffbox are of adequate quality, in situ bypass to radial artery in the anatomical snuffbox may be a useful option for limb salvage in selected patients.

9.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 170-173, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837398

ABSTRACT

For the management of acute limb ischemia (ALI) and multilevel arterial occlusive disease, tibial bypass using the saphenous vein has been considered a mainstay due to the long-term durability in selected patients with acceptable saphenous veins and comorbid conditions. Traditionally, bypass using a varicose autogenous graft has been contraindicated due to the risk of late aneurysmal dilation and rupture. Here, we describe a patient who presented with ALI and received tibioperoneal trunk bypass using a varicose autogenous graft. The patient has been doing well during the 72-month follow-up without recurrent symptoms or revision. The follow-up images showed a favorably patent graft with mild aneurysmal changes at the valve cusp adjacent to the knee. If there are no other appropriate autologous veins for revascularization, a varicose autogenous vein graft may be a useful option for limb salvaging in selected patients with multilevel arterial occlusive diseases.

10.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 71-81, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837380

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the aortic neck anatomy in Korean patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). @*Materials and Methods@#We examined computed tomography scans of 343 patients with AAAs (≥5.5 cm for men or ≥5 cm for women) between 2009 and 2018. Eligibility of neck anatomy for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) was assessed with the standard instructions for use (IFU) (length ≥15 mm, suprarenal angulation (SRA) ≤45°, infrarenal angulation (IRA) ≤60°, and diameter 18-32 mm) and the extended IFU (length ≥10 mm, SRA ≤60°, IRA ≤75°, and diameter 17-32 mm). @*Results@#There were 71 women (20.7%), and 61 patients (17.8%) with rupture. Women had smaller neck diameters (21.3 vs. 23.4 mm, P<0.001 for proximal neck; 22.2 vs. 24.5 mm, P<0.001 for distal neck), and higher angulations (51.5° vs. 37.8°, P<0.001 for SRA; 77.7° vs. 57.0°, P<0.001 for IRA) than men. However, the neck length was not significantly different. Patients with ruptured AAAs had shorter neck lengths (21.0 vs. 26.8 mm, P=0.005) than those with intact AAAs. However, the neck diameters and angulations were not significantly different. EVAR eligibility for standard and extended IFUs was found in 37.5% and 55.1% of men, and 11.3% and 25.4% of women (P<0.001 for both IFUs); neck anatomy was eligible in 34.0% of intact AAAs and 23.0% of ruptured AAAs (P=0.098). @*Conclusion@#A significant proportion of the Korean patients did not meet the IFU for EVAR, mainly due to the angulated neck. Women, and patients with ruptured AAAs, were less likely to meet the IFU criteria.

11.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 58-63, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835612

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The incidence of isolated level III lymph node recurrence in breast cancer was evaluated, and a surgical approach with preoperative tattooing was introduced. When a suspicious infraclavicular lymph node was detected, fine-needle aspiration cytology was performed to confirm the recurrence of breast cancer. In addition, surgical excision was considered to evaluate the biological characteristics of the recurrent lesion. @*Methods@#The treatment strategy was determined through multidisciplinary team discussions, which included breast surgeons, plastic surgeons, oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, and radiation oncologists. Preoperative tattooing was performed, and the lymph nodes were removed after splitting the pectoralis major muscle. @*Results@#Among 85 cases of locoregional recurrence, isolated recurrent lymph nodes were observed in 25 cases. Three patients with an isolated recurrent infraclavicular lymph node received radiotherapy, and six patients underwent excision biopsy due to a history of radiotherapy for primary tumors. There was no failure in identifying the recurrent lymph node and no major complication. @*Conclusion@#The removal of isolated level III lymph node is safe, easy and can provide useful information for systemic therapy.

12.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e185-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831642

ABSTRACT

Background@#Little is known regarding the safe fixed dose of mycophenolic acid (MPA) for preventing biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). We investigated the correlation of MPA trough concentration (MPA C0) and dose with renal transplant outcomes and adverse events. @*Methods@#This study included 79 consecutive KTRs who received MPA with tacrolimus (TAC) and corticosteroids. The MPA C0 of all the enrolled KTRs was measured, which was determined monthly by using particle-enhanced turbidimetric inhibition immunoassay for 12 months, and clinical data were collected at each time point. The clinical endpoints included BPAR, any cytopenia, and BK or cytomegalovirus infections. @*Results@#No differences in MPA C0 and dose were observed between KTRs with or without BPAR or viral infections under statistically comparable TAC concentrations. MPA C0 was significantly higher in patients with leukopenia (P = 0.021) and anemia (P = 0.002) compared with those without cytopenia. The MPA dose was significantly higher in patients with thrombocytopenia (P = 0.002) compared with those without thrombocytopenia. MPA C0 ≥ 3.5 μg/mL was an independent risk factor for leukopenia (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24–11.64; P = 0.019) and anemia (AOR, 5.90; 95% CI, 1.27–27.51; P = 0.024). An MPA dose greater than the mean value of 1,188.8 mg/day was an independent risk factor for thrombocytopenia (AOR, 3.83; 95% CI, 1.15–12.78; P = 0.029). However, an MPA dose less than the mean value of 1,137.3 mg/day did not increase the risk of BPAR. @*Conclusion@#Either a higher MPA C0 or dose is associated with an increased risk of cytopenia, but neither a lower MPA C0 nor dose is associated with BPAR within the first year of transplantation. Hence, a reduced MPA dose with TAC and corticosteroids might be safe in terms of reducing hematologic abnormalities without causing rejection.

13.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e103-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764933

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Optimal tacrolimus (TAC) trough levels for different periods after kidney transplantation (KT) has not been definitely established. This study aimed to investigate transplant outcomes of low-level (LL) and standard-level (SL) TAC according to post-transplant period. METHODS: A total of 278 consecutive kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) receiving TAC-based immunosuppression were divided into LL and SL-TAC groups (4–7 and 7–12 ng/mL for 0–2 months, 3–6 and 6–10 ng/mL for 3–6 months, 2–5 and 5–8 ng/mL for 7–12 months, respectively) according to TAC trough level at each period. We compared estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR), de novo donor-specific antibody (dnDSA), calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) toxicity, opportunistic infection, and allograft survival. RESULTS: SL-TAC group showed significantly higher mean eGFR at 0–2 months than LL-TAC group (72.1 ± 20.3 vs. 64.2 ± 22.7 mL/min/1.73m2; P = 0.003). Incidence of BPAR at 7–12 months was significantly lower in SL-TAC group than in LL-TAC group (0.0% vs. 3.9%; P = 0.039). Patients with persistent SL-TAC lasting 12 months showed higher eGFR at 7–12 months than those with persistent LL-TAC (65.5 ± 13.0 vs. 57.9 ± 13.9 mL/min/1.73m2; P = 0.007). No significant differences in dnDSA, CNI toxicity, serious infections, or allograft survival were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance of proper TAC trough level after 6 months could reduce BPAR without adverse drug toxicities in KTRs. Moreover, persistent SL-TAC during the first year after KT might have a beneficial effect on a trend for a lower incidence of dnDSA and better renal allograft function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Allografts , Calcineurin , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Immunosuppression Therapy , Incidence , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Opportunistic Infections , Tacrolimus , Transplant Recipients
14.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e217-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716518

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The association of de novo donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigens (HLA) antibodies (DSA) and development of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) is still undetermined. METHODS: We prospectively screened de novo DSA in 167 KTRs during 32 months after kidney transplantation (KT). Timing of DSA detection was at 3, 6, and 12 months post-transplant and annually thereafter and when clinically indicated. DSA levels were determined by Luminex assays and expressed as mean fluorescence intensity (MFI). We evaluated the incidence, characteristics of DSA, and association between DSA and tacrolimus trough levels or AMR. RESULTS: De novo DSA developed in 16 KTRs (9.6%) and acute AMR occurred more commonly in KTRs with de novo DSA compared to KTRs without de novo DSA (18.8% vs. 0%, P < 0.001). All de novo DSA were against class II antigens. The mean number of DSA was 1.8 ± 1.2 and the average MFI of DSA was 7,399 ± 5,470. Tacrolimus trough level during the first 0–2 months after KT was an independent predictor of DSA development (hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.50–0.99; P = 0.043). No differences were found in the number of DSA, average MFI of DSA, and tacrolimus levels during the first year between de novo DSA-positive KTRs with AMR and those without AMR. CONCLUSION: The results of our study suggest that monitoring of DSA and maintaining proper tacrolimus levels are essential to prevent AMR during the initial period after KT.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Fluorescence , Graft Rejection , Histocompatibility Antigens Class II , HLA Antigens , Incidence , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Prospective Studies , Tacrolimus , Transplant Recipients
15.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 19-25, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742473

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aims of the present study are to determine the outcomes after acute aortic occlusion (AAO) and analyze the risk factors for in-hospital mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 24 patients who were diagnosed with AAO from 2002 to 2017 in our registered data. Demographic and radiologic characteristics of AAOs were retrospectively collected. Perioperative treatment outcomes including in-hospital mortality were also assessed and the risk factors of in-hospital mortality were analyzed. RESULTS: The median symptom duration was 21 hours. Five patients had complete paraplegia and 10 patients (41.7%) were initially evaluated for central nervous system disorders instead of acute arterial occlusion. The etiology was determined to be aortoiliac thrombosis in 17 patients (70.8%) and embolic occlusion in 7. Surgical revascularization was performed in 23 patients, and one patient did not receive any treatment. The overall in-hospital mortality was 34.8% (8/23) and 30-day mortality was 26.1%. In the univariate analysis, age (P=0.040), preoperative renal insufficiency (serum creatinine over 1.5 mg/dL at the time of presentation) (P=0.008), postoperative acute kidney injury (need for dialysis or an increase in serum creatinine of >50.0% within 48 hours) (P=0.006), combined external iliac artery occlusion (P=0.019) and combined bilateral internal iliac artery occlusion (P=0.039) were associated with in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION: A substantial number of AAO patients were initially evaluated for a central nervous system lesion, which led to a delay in diagnosis. Thus, vascular examinations should always be performed in every patient presenting with lower limb neurologic deficits. Age, perioperative renal function, and combined iliac artery occlusion were associated with the prognosis of AAOs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Kidney Injury , Aorta, Abdominal , Central Nervous System , Central Nervous System Diseases , Creatinine , Diagnosis , Dialysis , Embolism , Hospital Mortality , Iliac Artery , Lower Extremity , Mortality , Neurologic Manifestations , Paraplegia , Prognosis , Renal Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thrombosis
16.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 10-13, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742465

ABSTRACT

More than 700 adventitial cystic diseases (ACDs) have been reported in the literature, with most cases affecting the popliteal artery in young men. Here, we describe our treatment and etiologic consideration of a patient who presented with an ACD of the external iliac artery, known to be an extremely rare location. On preoperative imaging, the ACD had a connection to the nearby hip joint and was treated with resection of the affected segment, including ligation of the joint connection and interposition with a prosthetic graft. The pathogenesis of ACDs is not fully understood; however, we believe that joint connections are important in their development and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adventitia , Hip Joint , Hip , Iliac Artery , Joints , Ligation , Popliteal Artery , Transplants
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 908-918, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118517

ABSTRACT

We consecutively enrolled 82 kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) with stable renal function and 24 KTRs who underwent indication biopsy to compare the histological grading of renal allografts with the activity of circulating T lymphocyte subsets and monocytes determined by flow cytometry, which were obtained at 2 weeks after kidney transplantation (KT) and at the time of indication biopsy, respectively. The sum of the scores of glomerulitis (g) + peritubular capillaritis (ptc), inflammation (i) + tubulitis (t), interstitial fibrosis (ci) + tubular atrophy (ct), and fibrointimal thickening (cv) + arteriolar hyaline thickening (ah) was used to assign a histological grade to the renal allograft samples. The frequencies of CD4⁺HLA-DR⁺/CD4⁺ T cells and CD8⁺HLA-DR⁺/CD8⁺ T cells were significantly increased in KTRs with a microcirculation inflammation (MI) sum score ≥ 1 when compared with KTRs with an MI sum score = 0 as well as stable KTRs. In these 2 subsets, only CD4⁺HLA-DR⁺/CD4⁺ T cells were positively correlated with MI sum scores. Analysis using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) could be predicted with a sensitivity of 80.0% and a specificity of 94.7%, using a cutoff value of 29.6% frequency of CD4⁺HLA-DR⁺/CD4⁺ T cells. MI was significantly associated with an increased frequency of activated T lymphocytes expressing human leukocyte antigen-antigen D related (HLA-DR). Further studies should focus on validating the utility of circulating CD4⁺HLA-DR⁺/CD4⁺ T cells as a noninvasive, immunologic monitoring tool for the prediction of AMR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Allografts , Atrophy , Biopsy , Fibrosis , Flow Cytometry , HLA-DR Antigens , Hyalin , Inflammation , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Leukocytes , Microcirculation , Monitoring, Immunologic , Monocytes , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , T-Lymphocytes , Transplant Recipients
18.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 69-74, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136743

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Kidney transplantation (KT) is an ideal treatment for pediatric patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We report the clinical outcomes of pediatric ESRD patients who underwent KT in a single regional center. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the medical records of 60 pediatric patients who were diagnosed with ESRD and underwent KT in our hospital between January 1985 and June 2016. RESULTS: A total of 60 children and adolescents (40 male, 20 female; mean age, 13.86±4.26 years) were included in this study. Six patients (10.0%) underwent KT immediately after receiving the diagnosis of ESRD, while the others underwent KT after dialysis treatment (mean period of dialysis, 368.7±4,41.8 days). The mean donor age (50 living-related [83.3%], 10 deceased [16.7%]) was 40.0±12.85 years and the male:female ratio was 1.07:1. The most common cause of ESRD was chronic glomerulonephritis. The overall survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years after KT were 98%, 98%, and 96%, respectively, while the graft survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 93%, 86%, and 68%, respectively. Children who underwent KT before 10 years of age had better monthly growth rates than those who underwent KT later than 10 years of age. CONCLUSIONS: KT is performed less frequently in children than in adults, but causes of ESRD vary and clinical outcomes after KT greatly affect the growth and development of pediatric patients. Therefore, further analysis and monitoring of clinical progression after KT in pediatric ESRD patients are necessary.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Diagnosis , Dialysis , Glomerulonephritis , Graft Survival , Growth and Development , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tissue Donors
19.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 69-74, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136739

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Kidney transplantation (KT) is an ideal treatment for pediatric patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We report the clinical outcomes of pediatric ESRD patients who underwent KT in a single regional center. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the medical records of 60 pediatric patients who were diagnosed with ESRD and underwent KT in our hospital between January 1985 and June 2016. RESULTS: A total of 60 children and adolescents (40 male, 20 female; mean age, 13.86±4.26 years) were included in this study. Six patients (10.0%) underwent KT immediately after receiving the diagnosis of ESRD, while the others underwent KT after dialysis treatment (mean period of dialysis, 368.7±4,41.8 days). The mean donor age (50 living-related [83.3%], 10 deceased [16.7%]) was 40.0±12.85 years and the male:female ratio was 1.07:1. The most common cause of ESRD was chronic glomerulonephritis. The overall survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years after KT were 98%, 98%, and 96%, respectively, while the graft survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 93%, 86%, and 68%, respectively. Children who underwent KT before 10 years of age had better monthly growth rates than those who underwent KT later than 10 years of age. CONCLUSIONS: KT is performed less frequently in children than in adults, but causes of ESRD vary and clinical outcomes after KT greatly affect the growth and development of pediatric patients. Therefore, further analysis and monitoring of clinical progression after KT in pediatric ESRD patients are necessary.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Diagnosis , Dialysis , Glomerulonephritis , Graft Survival , Growth and Development , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tissue Donors
20.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 505-513, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138425

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There may be an association between vitamin D levels and allograft outcomes in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). However, few studies have been conducted to determine the association between vitamin D levels and post-transplant infections. This study investigated the impact of vitamin D deficiency on the risk of infection after kidney transplantation. METHODS: We measured 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels prior to kidney transplantation. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as a serum 25(OH)D level < 20 ng/mL. We examined the incidence of various post-transplant infections during follow-up period. We used Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to determine factors associated with increased risk of post-transplant infections during the follow-up period. RESULTS: A total of 164 KTRs were followed up for a mean of 24.8 ± 10.7 months. Among them, 135 patients (82.3%) had vitamin D deficiency. Patients with vitamin D deficiency had a significantly higher incidence of urinary tract infection (p = 0.027) and any bacterial infection (p = 0.010) compared to those without vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency was not significantly associated with incidence of viral or fungal infections. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that vitamin D deficiency (hazard ratio, 11.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.46 to 84.03; p = 0.020) was independent risk factor for post-transplant bacterial infections. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-transplant vitamin D deficiency was a significant risk factor for bacterial infections after kidney transplantation. Further studies are needed on possible benefits of vitamin D supplementation for preventing post-transplant bacterial infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Allografts , Bacterial Infections , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Risk Factors , Transplant Recipients , Urinary Tract Infections , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
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