Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 37
Filter
1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875096

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was conducted to identify the needs assessment for education and training of emergency medicine (EM) residents. @*Methods@#The results of a national survey of EM residents of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine in 2019 were used. Education was one of the five categories in the survey. The preferred learning methods and their perceived importance and ability to perform in nine competencies were assessed. The Borich’s needs assessment model was used to analyze their needs. @*Results@#Among 591 EM residents, 382 responded, and 371 responses were finally analyzed. Regarding the learning methods, junior residents preferred in-hospital conferences, staff lectures, internet resources, and textbooks. Overall, medical knowledge and procedural skills were the most important, and research was less important to recognize. Medical knowledge showed the highest rank in the needs assessment in all years, and ethics and professionalism showed the lowest ranks. The needs for procedural skills were higher in junior years but lower in senior years. @*Conclusion@#These results will form the basis for the design of training programs to meet the educational needs of EM residents for each grade. Furthermore, an analysis of the educational needs should be done periodically according to the changes and demands of the times.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714766

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Early retirement occurs when one's job satisfaction suffers due to employment mismatch resulting from factors such as inadequate compensation. Medical doctors report high levels of job stress and burnout relative to other professionals. These levels are highest among emergency physicians (EPs), and despite general improvements in their working conditions, early retirement continues to become more common in this population. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing EPs intention to retire early and to develop a probability equation for its prediction. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data from the 2015 Korean Society of Emergency Physicians Survey was performed. The variables potentially influencing early retirement were organized into personal characteristics, extrinsic factors, and intrinsic factors. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors and to develop a probability equation; these findings were then arranged in a nomogram. RESULTS: Of the 377 survey respondents included in the analysis, 48.0% intended to retire early. Risk factors for early retirement included level of satisfaction with the specialty and its outlook, slanderous reviews, emergency room safety, health status, workload intensity, age, and hospital type. Intrinsic factors (i.e., slanderous reviews and satisfaction with the specialty and its outlook) had a stronger influence on early retirement than did extrinsic factors. CONCLUSIONS: To promote career longevity among EPs, it is vital to improve emergency room safety and workload intensity, to enhance medical professionalism through a stronger vision of emergency medicine, and to strengthen the patient-doctor relationship.


Subject(s)
Compensation and Redress , Defamation , Emergencies , Emergency Medicine , Emergency Service, Hospital , Employment , Humans , Intention , Intrinsic Factor , Job Satisfaction , Logistic Models , Longevity , Nomograms , Professionalism , Retirement , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716762

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dizziness is not uncommon in children. The etiology of dizziness varies according to different studies due to different methods of examination or characteristics of the dizziness center. To assess meaningful causes of dizziness in children, a multidisciplinary approach would be needed. The purpose of this study was to analyze the main pathologies associated with vertigo and dizziness in children, paying particular attention to recent diagnostic advances with a multidisciplinary approach. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A total of 73 children, aged between 4-18 years, who visited the Pediatric Dizziness Clinic of the University Hospital from January 2016 to June 2016 were included in this study. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. All of the subjects were examined by history, questionnaires, physical examinations, electrocardiogram, hematologic tests, brain MRI scan, audiogram and vestibular function tests. Patients who had orthostatic symptoms additionally underwent a tilt table test, and in selective cases, a caloric and vestibular evoked myogenic potential tests as well. RESULTS: Vestibular migraine (VM) and benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (BPVC) were found in 35.6% and 27.4% of the children with dizziness, respectively. The incidence of orthostatic hypotension and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome were 12.3% each, both of which are higher than other previous reports. Other causes were Meniere's disease, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuritis and so on. CONCLUSION: VM and BPVC were the most common causes of pediatric dizziness. Also, the incidence of orthostatic dizziness was rather high in pediatric population. The evaluation of dizziness in children should include a thorough check of history (questionnaire), neurotological examination, vestibular function tests and a tilt table test.


Subject(s)
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Brain , Child , Dizziness , Electrocardiography , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Hypotension, Orthostatic , Incidence , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Medical Records , Meniere Disease , Methods , Migraine Disorders , Pathology , Physical Examination , Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Tilt-Table Test , Vertigo , Vestibular Function Tests , Vestibular Neuronitis
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1170-1176, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15476

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish normative values and to identify age-related change in physical examinations that are commonly used while evaluating patients with cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred four healthy volunteers (mean age 36 years, standard deviation 15 years) were enrolled and divided into four age groups: 13−20, 21−35, 36−50, and 51 years and older. The eighteen physical examination tests for CP were selected by five orthopedic surgeons in consensus-building session. The measurements were taken by three orthopedic surgeons. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the measures of physical examination among all the age groups, except for the Staheli test (p=0.002). The post hoc test revealed that the mean hip extension was 2.7° higher in the 13−20-year-old group than in the other age groups. The bilateral popliteal angle had a tendency to increase in those over 36-years-old. There were 31 participants (30%) with a unilateral popliteal angle greater than 40°. CONCLUSION: We documented normative values that can be widely used for evaluating CP in patients 13 years and older.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Palsy , Healthy Volunteers , Hip , Humans , Orthopedics , Physical Examination , Range of Motion, Articular , Surgeons
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-655513

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in clinical features, process, and prognosis depending on the presence of secondary aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) in patients with giant cell tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 33 patients who underwent surgery for giant cell bone tumors between March 2009 and April 2013 were selected. Data on clinical features were obtained from medical records and pathological and radiological review, including age, sex, location, and size of the tumor, and Campanacci grade, as well as whether there was any pathological fracture, local recurrence, distant metastasis, or malignant transformation. The Student t-test and Fisher exact test were used for comparison of the differences in clinical features by the presence or absence of ABCs. RESULTS: Local recurrence occurred in 6 of the 33 cases, 3 each were in the groups with and without ABCs; however, the difference was not statistically significant. In total, nine cases had pathological fractures, seven were in the group with ABC and two were in the group without ABC (p=0.013). No statistically significant differences in age, sex, location and size of the tumor, or Campanacci grade were observed between the groups with and without ABCs. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the frequency of local recurrence between the groups with and without ABCs. However, pathological fracture occurred more frequently in the group with ABCs compared to the group without ABCs.


Subject(s)
Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Fractures, Spontaneous , Giant Cell Tumor of Bone , Giant Cell Tumors , Giant Cells , Humans , Medical Records , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-653252

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to verify and compare the results of newborn hearing screening (NHS) with that of 1000 Hz tympanometry conducted for newborns. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: For the hospitalized group, NHS and the portable 1000 Hz tympanometry were performed for 148 newborns (296 ears) from June through October in 2015. For the outpatient group, 93 newborns (186 ears) who had been referred after the 1st NHS results were reviewed from 2009 to 2014. We conducted NHS with the automated otoacoustic emissions for healthy babies and automated auditory brainstem response for the babies in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). NHS and 1000 Hz tympanometry were performed for all newborns simultaneously. For the impedance audiometry, B type was categorized separately from A and C type. RESULTS: There was a significantly higher incidence of B type of tympanometry in the referred newborns compared to the other newborns in both hospitalized and outpatient group (p<0.01). In the outpatient group, the ears referred from the 1st NHS showed middle ear effusion in 100% of the well babies and 78.6% of the NICU babies. CONCLUSION: 1000 Hz tympanometry can help estimate the causes and middle ear function of the referred newborns after the hearing screening test. Parents could feel relieved by being explained that the refer result of NHS was due to middle ear or ear canal problem rather than to inner ear or neural problem.


Subject(s)
Acoustic Impedance Tests , Ear , Ear Canal , Ear, Inner , Ear, Middle , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hearing Loss , Hearing , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Mass Screening , Methods , Neonatal Screening , Otitis Media with Effusion , Outpatients , Parents
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-196662

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Maxilla , Odontoma
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207925

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Distal phalangeal injury is one of the most common hand injuries. Distal phalanx is very small area, but in the patients who injure in this area, hospiltalization is often necessary. Some of the patients need the long hospital stay for three or more weeks. Assessment of trends of the injuries may help in enhancing patient education and designing the management plan. We analyzed the characteristics of inpatients with distal phalangeal injuries and the predictors of long-term hospitalization. METHODS: A retrospective review of inpatients with distal phalangeal injuries was performed consecutively from June 2008 to July 2015. Patient demographics and outcomes were compared with chi-squared analysis and Student's t-test. Using multivariate regression analysis, predictors of long-term hospitalization were identified. RESULTS: Five hundred and twelve patients were investigated. The rate of long-term hospitalization was 21.9%. Multivariate logistic regression model revealed that diabetes mellitus, operation time of three or more hours, amputation injury, injury sustained at an industrial place, complication, distant flaps, and replantation were significant risk factors of long-term hospitalization. CONCLUSION: This analysis will help evaluate the possibility of long-term hospitalization and manage patients with distal phalangeal injuries.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Demography , Diabetes Mellitus , Finger Injuries , Hand Injuries , Hospitalization , Humans , Inpatients , Length of Stay , Logistic Models , Patient Education as Topic , Replantation , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-68483

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Several studies have reported that facial fractures were associated with traumatic brain injuries or cervical injuries. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the location of facial injury and traumatic brain hemorrhage in order to support future decisions for image evaluation in facial injury patients. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated facial injury patients without external head trauma who visited the emergency department at our hospital between January 1, 2014 and October 31, 2014. We divided the cohort into 2 groups: Facial injury patients with associated traumatic brain hemorrhage and those without traumatic brain hemorrhage. We compared the factors related to traumatic brain hemorrhage, such as facial injury locations, mechanism of accident, types of wounds, altered mentality, headache, and loss of consciousness between the two groups. RESULTS: In 873 patients, 73 (8.36%) presented traumatic brain hemorrhage and the other 800 had no traumatic brain hemorrhage on a brain computed tomography (CT) scan. The rate of headache, loss of consciousness, altered mentality, traffic accident, fall down, fracture, temporal injury, frontal injury, multiple facial area injury, and upper facial area (frontal and upper orbital area) injury were higher in the traumatic brain hemorrhage group than in the non-traumatic brain hemorrhage group (p<0.05). The risk factors of traumatic brain hemorrhage were headache, loss of consciousness, altered mentality, facial bone fracture, and temporal area injury of the face. CONCLUSION: If a facial injury patient has any of the following factors temporal area injury, facial bone fracture, altered mentality, headache, and loss of consciousness, we have to evaluate the brain CT scan even if the patient had no external head injury.


Subject(s)
Accidents, Traffic , Brain , Brain Hemorrhage, Traumatic , Brain Injuries , Cohort Studies , Craniocerebral Trauma , Emergency Service, Hospital , Facial Bones , Facial Injuries , Fractures, Bone , Headache , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Multiple Trauma , Orbit , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Temporal Bone , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Unconsciousness , Wounds and Injuries
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93271

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Asians tend to have bulbous, wide, and thick-skinned noses, leading to limitations in tip augmentation. Therefore, following various tip plasty procedures, the use of a dermal graft or a fat graft may be considered for additional augmentation. For definition of the Asian nasal tip, thick fibroareolar and subcutaneous tissues are resected. However, these previously discarded tissues may be a useful material for tip augmentation. Hence, we would like to propose the fibroareolar tissue wrap-around flap as an adjuvant augmentation procedure. METHODS: Tip plasty procedures, including various suture techniques and cartilage grafts, were performed. Near the scroll area, the fibroareolar tissues above both lower lateral cartilages were dissected in the supraperichondrial plane. Caudally based fibroareolar tissue flaps were elevated around the nasal tip. The tip portion of the alar cartilage framework was covered with the flaps. The flaps were fixed to the middle or medial crura of the lower lateral cartilages. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients underwent the fibroareolar tissue wrap-around flap procedure for nasal tip plasty. No complaints were reported at follow-up by 12 patients. No cases of major infection, hematoma, or vascular compromise occurred. CONCLUSIONS: The fibroareolar tissue wrap-around flap offers several advantages for tip plasty in Asians, including additional tip projection, soft tissue volume reduction, redraping, and a naturally soft nasal tip, and likely aids in preserving the volume of other cartilage grafts. Therefore, this fibroareolar tissue wrap-around flap is worth considering as a useful adjuvant option for tip plasty in rhinoplasty in Asian patients.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Cartilage , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Humans , Nose , Rhinoplasty , Subcutaneous Tissue , Surgical Flaps , Suture Techniques , Transplants
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160736

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Emergency Medicine became a medical specialty in Korea more than 20 years ago. However, Emergency Medicine is struggling due to lack of enthusiasm from young physicians. Working conditions, personal well-being, and all around satisfaction were analyzed in a survey to determine the reality. METHODS: A survey was conducted in 2010. The survey consisted of personal interests, working conditions, and salaries of members of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine (KSEM). Several factors were estimated to evaluate the satisfaction of emergency physicians (EP). RESULTS: A total of 394 survey results were collected from 635 currently working emergency physicians out of 841 registered EPs. In the survey 48.6% of EPs were considering retiring from current practice. The preferred retirement age was 55. The survey also showed that many EPs considered that night shift was possible up to age 50. According to the responses, 50.5% of EPs in their 30s, 53.4% of EPs in their 40s were considering retiring. Factors influencing their decision were burnout, night shift, age, health issues, rather than social isolation, litigation, and disappointment. However the disappointment was the only statistically significant factor influencing retirement. Using a ten point Likert scale, the score for satisfaction with residency training was 6.4; when asked if they would choose Emergency Medicine again, the score was 5.5; the score for satisfaction with the Korean Emergency Medical Service System was 3.9; the score for prospects of emergency medicine in 10 years was 5.8. CONCLUSION: Korean emergency physicians are under a lot of stress from the job and are unsatisfied. Many in their 30s and 40s are considering retiring from practice. Therefore, establishment of clear cut standards on working hours and environments is imperative to improve the satisfaction of working emergency physicians.


Subject(s)
Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Medicine , Humans , Internship and Residency , Job Satisfaction , Jurisprudence , Korea , Retirement , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Isolation , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651113

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The traditional surgical method for submandibular gland resection includes ligation of facial artery. In this study, we used ultrasound preoperatively and tried to preserve the facial artery if facial artery passed on an extra-glandular course with a glandular branch. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Patients undergoing submandibular gland resection either because of submandibular gland tumor or submandibular gland stone were prospectively included. Preoperative sonographic assessment was done to evaluate the intra-glandular or extra-glandular course of facial artery. For the cases with extra-glandular course with a glandular branch of facial artery, we tried to preserve facial artery by ligation of the glandular branch. RESULTS: A total of 34 cases were included in this study. Among them, 6 cases (17%) hadfacial artery passing on an extraglandular course with glandular branching. For these 6 cases, we easily could find the facial artery and glandular branch in the operative field and were able to preserve the facial artery. For the remaining 28 cases, however, the facial artery penetrated through the submandibular gland, thus we opted for the ligation of facial artery rather than preserving it to minimize bleeding or trauma during the surgery. There were no statistic difference between two groups with respect to clinical and surgical variables. CONCLUSION: Extra-glandular course of facial artery was easily assessed by preoperative ultrasound. In those cases, we could preserve facial artery easily without bleeding or trauma to the submandibular gland by ligation of glandular branch. As facial artery is animportant vessel for reconstruction and facial rejuvenation, it is preferable to preserve this artery if the course of this artery makes it possible to preserve.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Hemorrhage , Humans , Ligation , Prospective Studies , Rejuvenation , Submandibular Gland , Ultrasonography
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761187

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) visit clinics with typical position evoked vertigo. However, typical nystagmus are concealed according to many factors We evaluated the demographic, clinical and nystagmographic features of patients, who visited clinics with typical BPPV symptoms but did not have positional test evoked nystagmus. METHODS: Among 306 patients with history of positional vertigo, we excluded 252 patients who had positional test evoked nystagmus on video Frenzel glass in clinics, and analyzed 54 patients who did not have positional test evoked nystagmus. We divided 54 patients into two groups; patients without subjective vertigo in positional test and patients with subjective vertigo in positional test. We analyzed the serial nystagmographic findings, causes, duration of disease, previous history of medical or rehabilitation treatments, coexisting vestbular disorders, recovery time and recurrence. RESULTS: Etiology, history of previous treatment, coexisting vestibular disorders and recurrence did not differ statistically in both groups. However, the nystagmographic features were significantly different in both groups. CONCLUSION: When patient has positional test evoked vertigo, repeated positional maneuver seemed to increase the expression of positional nystagmus.


Subject(s)
Glass , Humans , Nystagmus, Physiologic , Recurrence , Rehabilitation , Vertigo
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96951

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: C-reactive protein (CRP) velocity is value of the CRP level divided by the time after fever start. The aim of this study was to attempt to determine the usefulness of CRP velocity to predict the severity of acute pyelonephritis (APN). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who visited the emergency department (ED) and were diagnosed with APN for five years. The patients underwent computed tomography (CT) in the ED. The characteristics and laboratory findings compared with the CT group were classified from group I to group V as severity of APN. The patients were grouped according to mild and severe based on the CT groups for comparison of area under the curve. Patients who had fever within 24 hours were extracted and the same analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 199 patients were enrolled in our study. The CT groups were classified as follows: group 1 (N=24); group 2 (N=25); group 3 (N=80); group 4 (N=58); group 5 (N=12). Statistically significant differences in laboratory results including CRP, CRP velocity, age, and past history of hypertension were found between mild and severe group. The area under ROC curve of CRP and CRP velocity was 0.888 and 0.841 (p<0.05). For APN patients within 24 hours, AUROC of CRP and CRP velocity were 0.871 and 0.949 (p<0.05). However, AUROC comparison did not show statistically significant differences within CRP and CRP velocity (p=0.1410). CONCLUSION: In APN patients who had fever within 24 hours, CRP and CRP velocity had predictive value for severity of APN.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fever , Humans , Hypertension , Medical Records , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Pyelonephritis , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-73596

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this retrospective study is to compare radiologic outcome and clinical outcome between operative and non-operative treatment of unstable distal radius fracture in patients over 65-year-old. METHODS: From December 2006 to December 2011, 114 patients over 65-year-old were enrolled in the present study. 45 patients underwent non-operative treatment, and 69 patients underwent operative treatment. We retrospectively reviewed radiologic results and clinical results and then compared the two groups. Radiologic results include radial inclination (RI), volar tilt angle (VT) and radial shortening (RS) shown on the last radiograph and clinical results including disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) scores, modified Mayo wrist score (MMWS), and range of motion (ROM) of wrist. RESULTS: All cases presented bone-union. Among the patients who received non-operative treatments, average RI of 15.5degrees, average VT of 14.1degrees, average RS of 5.3 mm, The patients who received operative treatments showed average volar tilt of 3.9degrees, average VT of 18.2degrees, and average RS of 1.1 mm. RS showed a significant difference (p0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that non-operative treatment is initially recommended in patients over 65 years who have an unstable distal radius fracture in terms of functional results.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arm , Hand , Humans , Radius Fractures , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder , Wrist , Wrist Joint
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60639

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to identify the effectiveness of intratympanic (IT) steroids when used as an initial therapy in sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), and when it is used as a salvage therapy in a refractory SSNHL. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 122 patients with SSNHL. First, patients were divided into three groups according to the initial treatment; IT steroid, systemic steroid and combined (systemic and IT steroid) groups. Second, patients were divided into two groups according to the salvage treatment in a refractory SSNHL; IT steroid and the control (non IT group). Fifty eight patients who did not respond to initial therapy were included in the second analysis. Hearing was assessed immediately before the treatment and 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 3 months after the treatments. Hearing recovery was defined as an improvement of >15 dB and the final hearing of 25-45 dB in the audiogram. RESULTS: When we analyzed the hearing recovery in initial treatment, the comparison of audiogram among three groups did not result in significantly different outcomes. There were no differences in the recovery rate in 2 and 4 weeks throughout all the frequencies. Also, the analysis of the salvage treatment demonstrated that neither IT steroid group nor control group was significantly effective in treating the refractory SSNHL. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that initial treatment of SSNHL with IT steroid alone is as effective as systemic steroid alone or a combination therapy. Also, salvage IT steroids for refractory SSNHL did not have any additional beneficial effects.


Subject(s)
Hearing , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy , Steroids
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38075

ABSTRACT

A total of 631 species of spiders have been reported in Korea. However, there are no spiders with noxious venom such as Latrodectus sp. Because of this, to date, no serious medical problems due to spider bites have been reported in Korea, and only two cases of spider bite were officially reported. However, as the number of earning spiders from other countries is increased, the number of cases of spider bite has also shown a recent increase. A 17-year-old man presented with numbness of both extremities after being bitten by a spider which he had as a pet. The spider is called an Indian ornamental tree spider (Poecilotheria regalis sp.), one kind of tarantula species. Herein, we report on a case of a spider bite by a tarantula.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Extremities , Humans , Hypesthesia , Korea , Spider Bites , Spider Venoms , Spiders , Venoms
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35499

ABSTRACT

The 2010 Emergency Physician (EP) Survey of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine (KSEM) was the first comprehensive survey of its members on their working conditions, working environment, and compensation. The survey was conducted using a questionnaire on the web interface and e-mail from March to December of 2010. The subjects were currently active EPs working in an emergency department (ED). Additional e-mails, telephone calls, and visits were necessary in order to encourage the participation of members. Out of 841 members, 394 members completed the questionnaire. Excluding members who are currently not working in an ED, retired, opened a private practice as a primary physician, or unknown status, 635 (75.5%) EPs were working in 203 EDs out of a total of 465 EDs in Korea. There was a wide range of variations in ED employing EP. EP employing practices by the hospitals depended on the size and level of ED and the region of the country. ED employed 4.52+/-2.97 Eps, and 4.80+/-5.69 emergency residents, 4.21+/-3.05 interns, and 26.02+/-16.99 nurses. On average, EPs worked 17.51+/-5.84 days, and 7.87+/-3.17 night shifts in a month, 228.11+/-57.46 hours in a month. The average pay for the hour was 33,300 KRW. Satisfaction of the EPs with their compensation was below average. Important factors in selection of a workplace depended on night-shifts, time for the family, pay, and the relationship with other specialties. On a 10 point scale, satisfaction with their training was 6.38; the answer to selection of the same specialty was 5.53; satisfaction with the current emergency medical services (EMS) system was 3.85; emergency medicine in 10 years was 5.75. The adult APGAR score was 5.05. As in the survey, members of KSEM as a whole are working a large number of heavy duty hours, with insufficient pay. Most of them feel over burdened and unsatisfied with their current state. They also share a dim outlook on the future. In order to increase job satisfaction of EPs, there must be an improvement in the welfare and working conditions. This survey was conducted in order to obtain a clear view of the current status of EPs in Korea, and in hopes of contributing to improvement of the EP status. This survey will lay a cornerstone for development of an EMS system in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Apgar Score , Compensation and Redress , Electronic Mail , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Medicine , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hope , Humans , Job Satisfaction , Korea , Private Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telephone
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34426

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Forecasting the demand for Emergency Physicians (EP) is a long, complex problem involving many variables. Although Korean Emergency Medicine Law has guidelines for the minimal numbers of EPs, it doesn't take into account the number of patients or the severity of their symptoms. Previous research involved rough estimates of the number of physicians for Emergency Departments (ED), without any consideration for workload. Our study objective was to determine whether there are an adequate number of EPs by estimating the number of EPs while considering their workload and working hours, according to the 2010 Korean Emergency Physician Survey (KEPS). METHODS: Data on the workload and working hours of Korean EPs were analyzed. The annual increase in the number of emergency patients and the annual application for residency posts were used to calculate the EP demand. Ideally, all patients must be treated by EPs; one full time equivalent (FTE) was calculated as serving 36 hours per week with two patients per hour (PPH) as the minimum. RESULTS: There were 841 EPs working in EDs and 463 EDs across Korea in 2010. A total of 635(75.5%) EPs were clinically active. EPs spent 65.6% of their working hours on clinical duty. Ideally, there should have been 2,871 FTEs and 5,797 EPs needed in 2010. CONCLUSION: There is an absolute shortage of EPs and it will get worse. The excessive hours and workloads of EPs threaten the safety of patients. Therefore, EP demand and forecasting should be focused on increasing patient coverage by EPs.


Subject(s)
Emergencies , Emergency Medicine , Forecasting , Humans , Internship and Residency , Jurisprudence , Korea
20.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 464-467, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-176585

ABSTRACT

A wedge-shaped anterior hairline extension is a very rare skin manifestation usually associated with congenital anomalies including a Tessier number 10 cleft. Other associated conditions are the Tessier number 9 cleft, the Fraser syndrome, and the Manitoba oculotrichoanal syndrome (MOTA syndrome). The Tessier number 10 cleft features include a coloboma of the middle third of the upper eyelid, and an eyebrow divided into two portions. The medial eyebrow portion may be absent and the lateral portion is angulated vertically, joining the hairline of the scalp. This creates a wedge-shaped anterior hairline extension. Herein we report on a case of a wedge-shaped anterior hairline extension associated with the Tessier number 10 cleft.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Anal Canal , Coloboma , Eyebrows , Eyelids , Fraser Syndrome , Hypertelorism , Manitoba , Scalp , Skin Manifestations
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL