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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e345-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001164

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although most elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are ineligible for intensive chemotherapy (ICT), treatment options remain limited. CURRENT (UMIN000037786), a real-world, non-interventional, retrospective chart review, evaluated clinical outcomes, clinicopathologic characteristics, and treatment patterns in these patients.We present results from a subanalysis of Korean patients in this study. @*Methods@#Patients were aged ≥ 18 years with primary or secondary AML ineligible for ICT who initiated first-line systemic therapy or best supportive care (BSC) between 2015 and 2018 across four centers in Korea. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) from diagnosis.Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), time to treatment failure, and response rates. Data analyses were primarily descriptive, with time-to-event outcomes estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox regression used to determine prognostic factors for survival. @*Results@#Among 194 patients enrolled, 84.0% received systemic therapy and 16.0% received BSC. Median age at diagnosis was 74 and 78 years, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1 was reported in 73.0% and 48.4% of patients, respectively;poor cytogenetic risk was reported in 30.1% and 16.1% of patients. Median OS was 7.83 vs.4.50 months, and median PFS was 6.73 vs. 4.50 months in the systemic therapy vs. BSC groups. Prognostic factors affecting OS included secondary AML (hazard ratio, 1.67 [95% confidence interval, 1.13–2.45]), ECOG performance status ≥ 2 (2.41 [1.51–3.83]), poor cytogenetic risk (2.10 [1.36–3.24]), and Charlson comorbidity index ≥ 1 (2.26 [1.43–3.58]). @*Conclusion@#Clinical outcomes are poor in Korean patients with AML ineligible for ICT who are prescribed current systemic therapies or BSC. There is a substantial unmet need for novel agents (monotherapy or in combination) to improve clinical outcomes in this patient population.

2.
Blood Research ; : 42-50, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966440

ABSTRACT

Background@#Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) has not been investigated in Korean patients with Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm. @*Methods@#This study analyzed the prevalence at diagnosis and clinical features of AVWS in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), prefibrotic/early primary myelofibrosis (pre-PMF), or overt PMF (PMF) diagnosed between January 2019 and December 2021 at Chungam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea. AVWS was defined as below the lower reference limit (56%) of ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo). @*Results@#Sixty-four consecutive patients (36 with ET, 17 with PV, 6 with pre-PMF, and 5 with PMF;30 men and 34 women) with a median age of 67 years (range, 18‒87 yr) were followed for a median of 25.1 months (range, 2.6‒46.4 mo). AVWS was detected in 20 (31.3%) patients at diagnosis and was most frequent in ET patients (41.4%), followed by patients with pre-PMF (33.3%) and PV (17.6%) patients. VWF:RCo was negatively correlated with the platelet count (r=0.937; P =0.002). Only one episode of minor bleeding occurred in a patient with ET and AVWS. Younger age (<50 yr) [odds ratio (OR), 7.08; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.27‒39.48; P =0.026] and thrombocytosis (>600×10 9 /L) (OR, 13.70; 95% CI, 1.35‒138.17; P =0.026) were independent risk factors for developing AVWS. @*Conclusion@#AVWS based on VWF:RCo was common in patients with ET and pre-PMF, but less common in patients with PV in the Korean population. Clinically significant bleeding is rare in these patients.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e87-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925935

ABSTRACT

Background@#Non-palpable splenomegaly in patients with polycythemia vera (PV) has seldom been addressed. In this retrospective study, we evaluated non-palpable, volumetric splenomegaly defined based on age- and body surface area (BSA)–matched criteria in patients with PV diagnosed according to the 2016 World Health Organization diagnostic criteria. @*Methods@#Patients with PV who underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) and who had palpable splenomegaly at diagnosis from January 1991 to December 2020 at Chungnam National University Hospital were enrolled. The spleen volume of each patient was determined by volumetric analysis of abdominal CT and adjusted for the patient’s age and BSA. Then the degree of splenomegaly was classified as no splenomegaly, borderline volumetric splenomegaly, overt volumetric splenomegaly, or palpable splenomegaly. @*Results@#Of the 87 PV patients enrolled, 15 (17.2%) had no splenomegaly, whereas 17 (19.5%), 45 (51.7%), and 10 (11.5%) had borderline volumetric, overt volumetric, and palpable splenomegaly, respectively. The degree of splenomegaly did not affect the cumulative incidence of thrombotic vascular events (10-year incidence: 7.7%, 0%, 22.3%, and 50.7%, respectively, P = 0.414). By contrast, splenomegaly tended to adversely affect myelofibrotic transformation (10-year cumulative incidence: 0%, 0%, 7.1%, and 30.3%, respectively, P = 0.062). Moreover, the cumulative incidence of myelofibrotic transformation was significantly higher in patients with overt volumetric or palpable splenomegaly than those with no or borderline volumetric splenomegaly (10-year incidence: 0% vs. 10.3%, respectively; 15-year incidence: 0% vs. 26.3%, respectively, P = 0.020). Overall survival (OS) differed among patients with different degrees of splenomegaly (15-year OS: 100%, 78.6%, 71.7%, and 51.9%, respectively, P = 0.021). @*Conclusion@#The degree of splenomegaly, including volumetric splenomegaly, based on ageand BSA-matched reference spleen volumes at diagnosis reflects disease progression in PV patients. Therefore, volumetric splenomegaly should be evaluated at the time of diagnosis and taken into consideration when predicting the prognosis of patients with PV.

4.
Blood Research ; : 59-68, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925642

ABSTRACT

Background@#Information on myelofibrotic and leukemic transformations in Korean Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph ‒ MPNs) is limited. @*Methods@#This study retrospectively analyzed transformations in patients diagnosed with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV) prefibrotic/early primary myelofibrosis (pre-PMF), or overt primary myelofibrosis (PMF) based on the 2016 World Health Organization criteria between January 1996 and December 2020 at Chungam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea. @*Results@#A total of 351 patients (144 with ET, 131 with PV, 45 with pre-PMF, and 31 with PMF;204 men and 147 women) with a median age of 64 years (range, 15‒91 years) were followed for a median of 4.6 years (range, 0.2‒24.8 years). The 10-year incidence of overt myelofibrosis was higher in pre-PMF than in ET (31.3% and 13.7%, respectively; P =0.031) and PV (12.2%; P =0.003). The 10-year incidence of leukemic transformation was significantly higher in PMF than in ET (40.0% and 7.9%, respectively; P =0.046), pre-PMF (4.7%; P =0.048), and PV (3.2%; P =0.031). The 5-year incidence of leukemic transformation was higher in patients with secondary myelofibrosis (SMF) than in those with PMF (19.0% and 11.4%, respectively; P =0.040). The 5-year overall survival of patients with SMF was significantly worse than that of patients with pre-PMF (74% and 93%, respectively; P =0.027) but did not differ from that of patients with PMF (57%; P =0.744). @*Conclusion@#The rates and clinical courses of myelofibrotic and leukemic transformations in Korean patients with Ph ‒ MPN did not differ from those in Western populations.

5.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1190-1203, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903725

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Recent changes in the diagnostic criteria for myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and increasing patient numbers necessitate updating of the data on vascular events in patients with such disorders. @*Methods@#In this single-center study, thrombotic and hemorrhagic events were retrospectively analyzed in patients diagnosed with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV) prefibrotic/early primary myelofibrosis (pre-PMF), or PMF, based on the 2016 World Health Organization diagnostic criteria. @*Results@#Of a total of 335 consecutive patients (139 ET, 42 pre-PMF, 124 PV, and 30 PMF patients; 192 males and 143 females) of median age 64 years (range, 15 to 91), 112 (33.4%) experienced a total of 126 thrombotic events before diagnosis, at the time of diagnosis, or during follow-up over a median of 4.6 years (range, 0.1 to 26.5). Cerebrovascular thrombosis (18.8%) was the most common initial event, followed by coronary heart disease (10.1%) and splanchnic (1.5%) and peripheral thrombosis (1.5%). Arterial thrombosis was more common than venous thrombosis (31.3% vs. 2.1%, respectively; p = 0.001). Thrombosis was most frequent in PV patients (39.5%), followed by patients with pre-PMF (38.1%), ET (30.9%), and PMF (13.3%). Of the 112 patients who experienced thromboses, 53 (47%) and 39 (33.9%) had thrombotic events before and at the time of MPN diagnosis, respectively. Twenty-seven patients (8.1%) experienced 29 hemorrhagic events, of which gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 20) was the most common. @*Conclusions@#Most thrombotic events occurred before or at the time of diagnosis, and the prevalence of arterial thrombosis was markedly higher than that of venous thrombosis in patients with MPN.

6.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 358-362, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902243

ABSTRACT

Restoring the microbiota via fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) can be an effective treatment for steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) of the gut. Here, we report two adult patients who underwent FMT to treat steroid-refractory acute GVHD of the gut. The first patient was a 43-year-old man who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with cells from a matched sibling donor. The second patient was a 70-year-old woman who underwent haplo-identical HSCT with cells from her son. Gut GVHD developed at 7 and 4 weeks after HSCT, respectively. After undergoing FMT, the clinical symptoms improved; the first patient had a complete response and the second patient had a partial response. Microbial analyses using RNA gene sequencing showed that a diverse fecal microbiome was recovered by 4 weeks after FMT. FMT should be considered an effective therapeutic option for managing steroid-refractory acute GVHD of the gut.

7.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1190-1203, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896021

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Recent changes in the diagnostic criteria for myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and increasing patient numbers necessitate updating of the data on vascular events in patients with such disorders. @*Methods@#In this single-center study, thrombotic and hemorrhagic events were retrospectively analyzed in patients diagnosed with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV) prefibrotic/early primary myelofibrosis (pre-PMF), or PMF, based on the 2016 World Health Organization diagnostic criteria. @*Results@#Of a total of 335 consecutive patients (139 ET, 42 pre-PMF, 124 PV, and 30 PMF patients; 192 males and 143 females) of median age 64 years (range, 15 to 91), 112 (33.4%) experienced a total of 126 thrombotic events before diagnosis, at the time of diagnosis, or during follow-up over a median of 4.6 years (range, 0.1 to 26.5). Cerebrovascular thrombosis (18.8%) was the most common initial event, followed by coronary heart disease (10.1%) and splanchnic (1.5%) and peripheral thrombosis (1.5%). Arterial thrombosis was more common than venous thrombosis (31.3% vs. 2.1%, respectively; p = 0.001). Thrombosis was most frequent in PV patients (39.5%), followed by patients with pre-PMF (38.1%), ET (30.9%), and PMF (13.3%). Of the 112 patients who experienced thromboses, 53 (47%) and 39 (33.9%) had thrombotic events before and at the time of MPN diagnosis, respectively. Twenty-seven patients (8.1%) experienced 29 hemorrhagic events, of which gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 20) was the most common. @*Conclusions@#Most thrombotic events occurred before or at the time of diagnosis, and the prevalence of arterial thrombosis was markedly higher than that of venous thrombosis in patients with MPN.

8.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 358-362, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894539

ABSTRACT

Restoring the microbiota via fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) can be an effective treatment for steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) of the gut. Here, we report two adult patients who underwent FMT to treat steroid-refractory acute GVHD of the gut. The first patient was a 43-year-old man who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with cells from a matched sibling donor. The second patient was a 70-year-old woman who underwent haplo-identical HSCT with cells from her son. Gut GVHD developed at 7 and 4 weeks after HSCT, respectively. After undergoing FMT, the clinical symptoms improved; the first patient had a complete response and the second patient had a partial response. Microbial analyses using RNA gene sequencing showed that a diverse fecal microbiome was recovered by 4 weeks after FMT. FMT should be considered an effective therapeutic option for managing steroid-refractory acute GVHD of the gut.

9.
Blood Research ; : 77-84, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830999

ABSTRACT

Background@#The prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) varies among studies. We analyzed the prevalence of PH in Korean patients with Philadelphia-negative (Ph-) MPNs. @*Methods@#Medical records of patients with Ph- MPNs [essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), or primary myelofibrosis (PMF)] visiting a single hospital between 1993 and 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination (TTE) results were reviewed and PH was diagnosed according to established guidelines. @*Results@#Of the 320 MPN (179 ET, 107 PV, and 34 PMF) patients, 225 (121 ET, 83 PV, and 21 PMF) underwent TTE. Of these 225 MPN patients, 19 of 121 (15.7%) ET, 9 of 83 (10.8%) PV, and 6 of 21 (28.6%) PMF patients had PH. PV patients with PH were older [71 (42‒85) vs. 61.5 (26‒91) yr, respectively; P =0.049], predominantly female (male:female ratio, 0.29 vs. 1.96, respectively; P =0.010), had lower hemoglobin levels (15.9±2.6 g/dL vs. 18.4±2.6 g/dL, respectively; P =0.010), and higher platelet counts (616.6±284.2×109/L vs. 437.7±191.7×109/L, respectively; P =0.020) than PV patients without PH. PMF patients with PH had higher monocyte counts (1.3±0.5×109/L vs. 0.8±0.4×109/L, respectively; P =0.031) than those without PH. PH was a risk factor for poor survival in PV (HR, 12.4; 95% CI, 1.8‒86.6). @*Conclusion@#PH is common in patients with Ph- MPNs and hence, careful screening for PH is warranted.

11.
13.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 383-389, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919058

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#Few studies have addressed whether there are differences in clinical efficacy between intravenous methylprednisolone (methyl-Pd) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) use.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively compared platelet responses and toxicities associated with these two treatments in adult patients with immune thrombocytopenia. Patients received intravenous methyl-Pd therapy followed by oral prednisolone (Pd) from 1993 to 2002 and IVIg together with oral Pd from 2003 to 2008.@*RESULTS@#Early response and maintenance of the response were assessed at 7 days and 6 months after treatment, respectively. Of the 87 patients enrolled, 77 (88.5%) were eligible for analysis. Early responses occurred in 30 of 39 patients (76.9%) receiving methyl-Pd versus 33 of 38 patients (86.6%) receiving IVIg (p = 0.187). The response was maintained in 28 patients (71.8%) in the methyl-Pd arm and in 23 patients (60.5%) in the IVIg arm (p = 0.187). The time to a complete response in the IVIg arm (6 days; range, 1 to 35) was shorter than that in the methyl-Pd arm (13.5 days; range, 2 to 29) (p = 0.002). Side effects were mild and tolerable in both arms. Five years after initiating treatment, 7 of 18 patients (38.9%) and five of 14 patients (35.7%) were still maintaining a response in the methyl-Pd and IVIg arms, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These results indicate that neither the early response rate nor the long-term outcome differed between the methyl-Pd and IVIg treatments. However, IVIg induced a complete response more rapidly than did methyl-Pd.

14.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 27-32, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739234

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the clinical characteristics of temporal bone metastasis (TBM) and to determine whether the characteristics differed according to primary malignancy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data on 20 patients diagnosed with TBM between January 2000 and January 2017. Demographics, the period from diagnosis of primary malignancy to TBM diagnosis, the period from TBM diagnosis to death, the type and staging of primary malignancy, otologic manifestations, and TBM sites were assessed. After the primary malignancies were divided into solid cancers and hematologic malignancies, each parameter was compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The most common primary malignancy with TBM was lung cancer (45%). The most common otologic symptoms and signs were facial palsy (30.5%) and hearing loss (30.5%). The temporal squama (23%) and the facial nerve (20%) were the most commonly involved. Most TBMs occurred late in the disease process after the primary malignancy first metastasized to other organs. Hematologic malignancies metastasized significantly more frequently to the external auditory canal and the middle ear/mastoid compared to solid cancers (P=0.001 and P=0.004, respectively). CONCLUSION: If otologic manifestations such as facial palsy and hearing loss are presented in patients at advanced stages of malignancy, TBM of primary malignancy should be suspected. In addition, hematologic malignancies tend to metastasize to the external auditory canal and the middle ear cleft more commonly than solid cancers do.


Subject(s)
Humans , Demography , Diagnosis , Ear Canal , Ear, Middle , Facial Nerve , Facial Paralysis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Hearing Loss , Hematologic Neoplasms , Leukemia , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Temporal Bone
15.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 790-797, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715654

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Renal complications related to BCR-ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) have not been examined fully in Asian populations. METHODS: We analyzed estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and its changes with time retrospectively in patients with BCR-ABL1-negative MPN from 2005 to 2015. RESULTS: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was 11% (6.6% having stage 3 and 4.4% having stage 4). In a linear regression analysis of eGFR versus time (years), overall, patients showed increased eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) by 0.51 (95% confidence interval [CI], –0.30 to 1.33; p = 0.22). Patients with polycythemia vera (PV), and those treated with hydroxyurea, showed statistically significant increases in eGFR (1.59; 95% CI, 0.28 to 2.90; p = 0.22 in PV; and 1.55; 95% CI, 0.56 to 2.54; p = 0.22 in treatment with hydroxyurea). In total, 17 patients (20.5%) showed rapid loss of eGFR (7.0 × 109 /L) and high monocyte (> 0.7 × 109 /L) counts (76.5% vs. 50%, p=0.05; 52.9% vs. 28.8%, p= 0.06, respectively). More patients had high serum lactate dehydrogenase (> 500 U/L) levels (52.9% vs. 25.8%, p = 0.03) at diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: CKD is prevalent in patients with BCR-ABL1-negative MPN. Active cytoreductive therapy has the potential to improve kidney function in BCR-ABL1-negative MPN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Diagnosis , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hydroxyurea , Incidence , Kidney , Kidney Diseases , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Linear Models , Monocytes , Neutrophils , Polycythemia Vera , Prevalence , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Retrospective Studies
16.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1194-1202, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718012

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study evaluated the role of hypomethylating agents (HMA) compared to best supportive care (BSC) for patients with high or very-high (H/VH) risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) according to the Revised International Prognostic Scoring System. METHODS: A total of 279 H/VH risk MDS patients registered in the Korean MDS Working Party database were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: HMA therapy was administered to 205 patients (73.5%), including 31 patients (11.1%) who then received allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), while 74 patients (26.5%) received BSC or allo-HCT without HMA. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rates were 53.1% ± 10.7% for allo-HCT with HMA, 75% ± 21.7% for allo-HCT without HMA, 17.3% ± 3.6% for HMA, and 20.8% ± 6.9% for BSC groups (p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, only allo-HCT was related with favorable OS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.356; p = 0.002), while very poor cytogenetic risk (HR, 5.696; p = 0.042), age ≥ 65 years (HR, 1.578; p = 0.022), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) 2 to 4 (HR, 2.837; p < 0.001), and transformation to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (HR, 1.901; p = 0.001) all had an adverse effect on OS. CONCLUSIONS: For the H/VH risk group, very poor cytogenetic risk, age ≥ 65 years, ECOG PS 2 to 4, and AML transformation were poor prognostic factors. HMA showed no benefit in terms of OS when compared to BSC. Allo-HCT was the only factor predicting a favorable long-term outcome. The use of HMA therapy did not seem to have an adverse effect on the transplantation outcomes. However, the conclusion of this study should be carefully interpreted and proven by large scale research in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Transplantation , Cytogenetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Multivariate Analysis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Retrospective Studies , Transplants
17.
Journal of the Korean Balance Society ; : 142-146, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761252

ABSTRACT

Polycythemia vera (PV) is well known chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm, caused by clonal expansion of an abnormal hematopoietic stem cell. Patients with PV may present diverse neurologic symptoms including headache, dizziness or vertigo, tinnitus. However, the attention has not been directed to the neurootological findings in patients with PV. Here, we present a 71-year-old male patient with PV suffered from vertigo and headache. He demonstrated gaze-evoked nystagmus and perverted head shaking nystagmus. Transcranial Doppler showed decrement of blood flow velocity in posterior circulation. The patient's neuro-otologic findings were normalized as polychethemia and blood flow improved with repetitive phlebotomy and medications such as hydroxyurea and aspirin. Considering the neurological and hemodynamic findings in our patient, the mechanism of vertigo in PV could be explained by central vestibulopathy because of vascular insufficiency rather than peripheral vestibulopathy because of inner ear blood hyperviscosity.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Aspirin , Blood Flow Velocity , Dizziness , Ear, Inner , Head , Headache , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Hemodynamics , Hydroxyurea , Neurologic Manifestations , Phlebotomy , Polycythemia Vera , Polycythemia , Tinnitus , Vertigo
18.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 456-464, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49267

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in leukemia patients after chemotherapy. METHODS: Leukemia patients with histologically confirmed hematologic malignancies were reviewed. We evaluated for CPET, between receiving chemotherapy and undergoing stem cell transplantation after 2 weeks. We recorded exercise testing and physiologic parameters during CPET between January 2013 to May 2015. All patients were subjected to symptoms limited to exercise testing, according to the Modified Bruce Protocol. We considered that if respiratory exchange ratio achieved was over 1.10, participants had successfully completed CPET. We dichotomized all participants into two groups (normal group, normal range of resting heart rate; higher group, over 100 per minute of heart rate). RESULTS: 30 patients were finally enrolled. All participants had no adverse effects during the exercise test. Mean peak double product was 26,998.60 mmHg·beats/min (range, 15,481–41,004), and mean peak oxygen consumption (VO₂ peak) was 22.52±4.56 mL/kg/min. Significant differences were observed in the normal group with VO₂ peak (mean, 24.21 mL/kg/min; p=0.027) and number of prior intensive chemotherapy, compared to the higher group (mean, 1.95; p=0.006). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that CPET in leukemia patients before stem cell transplantation was very safe, and is an efficient method to screen for patients with poor cardiac functions. As CPET presents the parameters which reveal the cardiopulmonary functions, including VO₂ peak, double product and exercise capacity, this exercise test would help to predict the physical performance or general condition of the leukemia patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Therapy , Exercise Test , Feasibility Studies , Heart , Heart Rate , Hematologic Neoplasms , Leukemia , Methods , Oxygen Consumption , Reference Values , Rehabilitation , Stem Cell Transplantation , Tachycardia
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 422-423, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72826

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Aorta, Abdominal , Aspergillosis
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