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1.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 93-98, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001049

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study compared the functional and cosmetic treatment outcomes of intramedullary nailing (IM nail) and minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) for distal tibia shaft fractures. @*Materials and Methods@#Forty-eight patients with distal tibia shaft fractures (distal 1/3 of the diaphysis, AO/OTA [AO Foundation/ Orthopaedic Trauma Association]) 43 managed by an IM nail (n=30) or MIPO (n=18) who had minimum one-year follow-up were enrolled in this study. The radiological, functional, and cosmetic outcomes in the two groups were compared retrospectively. @*Results@#All patients achieved bone union. The mean bone union time of the IM nail and MIPO groups was 18.5 and 22.6 weeks, respectively (p=0.078). One patient in the MIPO group showed posterior angulation and valgus deformity of more than five degrees. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) functional scores were similar: 83.3 in the IM nail group and 84.6 in the MIPO group (p=0.289). The most salient difference was the cosmetic result of the surgical scar. The length of the scars around the ankle in the IM nail group was significantly smaller than the MIPO group (2.6 cm vs. 10.6 cm; p=0.035). The patient satisfaction survey of surgical scars revealed a significantly higher satisfaction rate in the IM nail group than in the MIPO group (93% vs. 44%; p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#This study showed that both treatment methods for distal tibia shaft fractures have similar therapeutic efficacy regarding the radiological and functional outcomes. On the other hand, the IM nail technique showed superior cosmetic outcomes than the MIPO technique. IM nails may be more recommended in patients with high demand for cosmetic results.

2.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 779-793, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999980

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To eliminate hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria in 2021, this study investigated the national core indicators representing the current status of viral hepatitis B and C in South Korea. @*Methods@#We analyzed the incidence, linkage-to-care, treatment, and mortality rates of HBV and HCV infection using the integrated nationwide big data of South Korea. @*Results@#According to data from 2018–2020, the incidence of acute HBV infection in South Korea was 0.71 cases per 100,000 population; tthe linkage-to-care rate was only 39.4%. Among those who need hepatitis B treatment, the treatment rate was 67.3%, which was less than 80% reported in the WHO program index. The annual liver-related mortality due to HBV was 18.85 cases per 100,000 population, exceeding the WHO target of four; the most frequent cause of death was liver cancer (54.1%). The annual incidence of newly diagnosed HCV infection was 11.9 cases per 100,000 population, which was higher than the WHO impact target of five. Among HCV-infected patients, the linkage-to-care rate was 65.5% while the treatment rate was 56.8%, which were below the targets of 90% and 80%, respectively. The liver-related annual mortality rate due to HCV infection was 2.02 cases per 100,000 population. @*Conclusions@#Many of the current indicators identified in the Korean population did not satisfy the WHO criteria for validation of viral hepatitis elimination. Hence, a comprehensive national strategy should be urgently developed with continuous monitoring of the targets in South Korea.

3.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 496-509, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999947

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We used next-generation sequencing (NGS) to analyze resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) and retreatment outcomes in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who failed direct-acting antiviral agent (DAA) treatment in South Korea. @*Methods@#Using prospectively collected data from the Korean HCV cohort study, we recruited 36 patients who failed DAA treatment in 10 centers between 2007 and 2020; 29 blood samples were available from 24 patients. RASs were analyzed using NGS. @*Results@#RASs were analyzed for 13 patients with genotype 1b, 10 with genotype 2, and one with genotype 3a. The unsuccessful DAA regimens were daclatasvir+asunaprevir (n=11), sofosbuvir+ribavirin (n=9), ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (n=3), and glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (n=1). In the patients with genotype 1b, NS3, NS5A, and NS5B RASs were detected in eight, seven, and seven of 10 patients at baseline and in four, six, and two of six patients after DAA failure, respectively. Among the 10 patients with genotype 2, the only baseline RAS was NS3 Y56F, which was detected in one patient. NS5A F28C was detected after DAA failure in a patient with genotype 2 infection who was erroneously treated with daclatasvir+asunaprevir. After retreatment, 16 patients had a 100% sustained virological response rate. @*Conclusions@#NS3 and NS5A RASs were commonly present at baseline, and there was an increasing trend of NS5A RASs after failed DAA treatment in genotype 1b. However, RASs were rarely present in patients with genotype 2 who were treated with sofosbuvir+ribavirin. Despite baseline or treatment-emergent RASs, retreatment with pan-genotypic DAA was highly successful in Korea, so we encourage active retreatment after unsuccessful DAA treatment.

4.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 504-513, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977367

ABSTRACT

Despite the availability of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Korea, need remains for pangenotypic regimens that can be used in the presence of hepatic impairment, comorbidities, or prior treatment failure. We investigated the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir–velpatasvir and sofosbuvir–velpatasvir–voxilaprevir for 12 weeks in HCV-infected Korean adults. Methods: This Phase 3b, multicenter, open-label study included 2 cohorts. In Cohort 1, participants with HCV genotype 1 or 2 and who were treatment-naive or treatment-experienced with interferon-based treatments, received sofosbuvir–velpatasvir 400/100 mg/day. In Cohort 2, HCV genotype 1 infected individuals who previously received an NS5A inhibitor-containing regimen ≥ 4 weeks received sofosbuvir–velpatasvir–voxilaprevir 400/100/100 mg/day. Decompensated cirrhosis was an exclusion criterion. The primary endpoint was SVR12, defined as HCV RNA < 15 IU/mL 12 weeks following treatment. Results: Of 53 participants receiving sofosbuvir–velpatasvir, 52 (98.1%) achieved SVR12. The single participant who did not achieve SVR12 experienced an asymptomatic Grade 3 ASL/ALT elevation on day 15 and discontinued treatment. The event resolved without intervention. All 33 participants (100%) treated with sofosbuvir–velpatasvir–voxilaprevir achieved SVR 12. Overall, sofosbuvir–velpatasvir and sofosbuvir–velpatasvir–voxilaprevir were safe and well tolerated. Three participants (5.6%) in Cohort 1 and 1 participant (3.0%) in Cohort 2 had serious adverse events, but none were considered treatment-related. No deaths or grade 4 laboratory abnormalities were reported. Conclusions: Treatment with sofosbuvir–velpatasvir or sofosbuvir–velpatasvir–voxilaprevir was safe and resulted in high SVR12 rates in Korean HCV patients.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e92-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925930

ABSTRACT

Background@#Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF, Viread® ) had been used as a standard treatment option of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). This clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DA-2802 (tenofovir disoproxil orotate) compared to TDF. @*Methods@#The present study was a double blind randomized controlled trial. Patients with CHB were recruited from 25 hospitals in Korea and given DA-2802 at a dose of 319 mg once daily or Viread® at a dose of 300 mg once daily for 48 weeks from March 2017 to January 2019. Change in hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level at week 48 after dosing compared to baseline was the primary efficacy endpoint. Secondary efficacy endpoints were proportions of subjects with undetectable HBV DNA, those with normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and those with loss of hepatitis B envelop antigen (HBeAg), those with loss of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Adverse events (AEs) were also investigated. @*Results@#A total of 122 patients (DA-2802 group: n = 61, Viread® group: n = 61) were used as full analysis set for efficacy analysis. Mean age, proportion of males, laboratory results and virologic characteristics were not different between the two groups. The change in HBV DNA level at week 48 from baseline was −5.13 ± 1.40 in the DA-2802 group and −4.97 ± 1.40 log 10 copies/mL in the Viread® group. The analysis of primary endpoint using the nonparametric analysis of covariance showed statistically significant results (P < 0.001), which confirmed non-inferiority of DA-2802 to Viread® by a prespecified noninferiority margin of 1. The proportion of undetectable HBV DNA was 78.7% in the DA-2802 group and 75.4% in the Viread® group (P = 0.698). The proportion of subjects who had normal ALT levels was 75.4% in the DA-2802 group and 73.3% in the Viread® group (P = 0.795). The proportion of those with HBeAg loss was 8.1% in the DA-2802 group and 10.8% in the Viread® group (P = 1.000). No subject showed HBsAg loss. The frequency of AEs during treatment was similar between the two groups. Most AEs were mild to moderate in severity. @*Conclusion@#DA-2802 is considered an effective and safe treatment for patients with CHB.

6.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : S1-S8, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875506

ABSTRACT

Background@#/Aim: This study aimed to establish the real-world effectiveness and safety of grazoprevir/elbasvir (EBR/GZR) therapy in South Korea. @*Methods@#A total of 242 patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 or 4 infection who started EBR/GZR were consecutively enrolled from seven tertiary hospitals. Retrospective analysis of the fractions of patients that achieved sustained virological response (SVR) was performed, and the incidence of adverse events was noted. @*Results@#The mean age of enrolled patients was 59.0 ± 12.6 years and 47.5% were males. Patients with HCV genotype 1b accounted for 93.8% (n = 227), and patients with HCV of unspecified genotype 1 accounted for 5.8% (n = 14). Hypertension was the most common comorbid disease (29.8%) followed by diabetes (22.7%) and chronic kidney disease (CKD, 12.4%). SVR rates of treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced patients were 85.5% (182/213) and 93.1% (27/29), respectively, in the intention-to-treat analyses, whereas in the per-protocol analyses, those were 97.8% (179/183) and 100% (28/28), respectively. Fewer patients with HCV genotype 1 of unspecified subtype achieved SVR (81.8%, n = 11) compared to the patients with SVR infected with genotype 1b (99%, n = 198, p < 0.001). All patients with CKD showed SVR. Itching (12%) and dyspepsia (4.1%) were common adverse events. Of the four patients who discontinued the antiviral therapy, one experienced mild fatigue but neither treatment withdrawal was because of an adverse event. @*Conclusions@#EBR/GZR showed high real-world effectiveness and safety in Korean patients with chronic HCV infection regardless of the previous antiviral treatment, liver cirrhosis, or CKD status.

7.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 101-101, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919929

ABSTRACT

In the article, the name of one of the authors was incorrectly presented: Yoon Je Cho should read Yoon Jae Cho.

8.
Journal of the Korean Dysphagia Society ; (2): 151-158, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836372

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this study was to understand the mechanism of normal hyoid movement during swallowing by calculating the activity of each muscle involved in the hyoid movement and propose a new kinetic modeling of hyoid movement using videofluoroscopy images. @*Methods@#Eight healthy volunteers with an average age of 56.8 swallowed 2-ml of diluted barium under videofluoroscopy. A video image was digitized to analyze the movement of the hyoid bone. The activity of the muscles acting on the hyoid bone was calculated from the movement of the hyoid bone using kinetic modeling. A surface electromyogram was measured simultaneously with videofluoroscopy, and the muscle force calculated by kinetic modeling was compared with the muscle force measured by surface EMG. @*Results@#The muscles acting on the hyoid bone were divided into three groups according to the direction of force and analyzed. The contraction of the retractor muscle group was observed as a median of 433 ms (95% CI 264-602, P=0.012) earlier than the contraction of protractor muscle group in all subjects. Generally, the peak activity of each muscle group was observed in the order of retractor (0 ms), protractor (592 ms, 95% CI 429-755), and depressor (717 ms, 95% CI 535-899) muscle group. The contraction of the protractor muscle measured by surface electromyography showed an earlier onset latency with a median of 82 2 ms (95% CI 615-102 9, P=0.012 ) compared to the contraction of the protractor muscle calculated by kinetic modeling. @*Conclusion@#Kinetic modeling reflects the pattern of contraction in the order of retractor, protractor, depressor muscle groups, as previously known. And it was possible to evaluate the activity of the retractor muscle, which is difficult to evaluate by electromyogram.

9.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 198-206, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834049

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#With recent changes in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, patients’ active decision-making has become more important. Nevertheless, it is difficult to give patients proper insights into the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine associated factors between pancreatic cancer awareness and treatment decisions as well as how cancer awareness affects the timing of treatment decisions and the desired treatment method. @*Methods@#This is a retrospective study that reviewed and analyzed the electronic medical records of 110 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer from January 2013 to April 2016. A "patient with pancreatic cancer awareness" means that the patient was informed of their disease state before making the first treatment decision. @*Results@#Of all, only 63.6% of patients (n=70) were shown to have pancreatic cancer awareness before making their first treatment decision. Compared to patients without pancreatic cancer awareness, patients with pancreatic cancer awareness were younger (65.00 vs. 76.98, t=6.70, p<0.001), were more likely to have presented their spouse as legal guardians (42.9% vs. 10.0%, χ2=31.70, p<0.001), and spent a shorter time for treatment decision-making (1.6 vs. 10.5 days, t=4.26, p<0.001). The patients without pancreatic cancer awareness were more likely to opt for best supportive care compared to the patients with pancreatic cancer awareness (79.5% vs. 28.6%, χ2=31.70, p<0.001). @*Conclusions@#This study provides insights into cancer awareness. Since cancer awareness appears to influence treatment decision, it is necessary to develop guidelines to improve cancer awareness of patients.

10.
Gut and Liver ; : 775-782, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833174

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Sofosbuvir (SOF)-based therapy has been used in Korean patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection since January 2016. This study aimed to in-vestigate the real-life effectiveness and safety of SOF-based therapy in genotype 2 HCV infection. @*Methods@#From January to December 2016, 458 genotype 2 HCV-infected patients who received ≥1 dose of SOF-based therapy were consecu-tively enrolled in seven tertiary hospitals. Sustained virologic response (SVR) rates and safety were determined by inten-tion-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) analyses. @*Results@#The mean age of the patients was 61.0 years; 183 (40%) were male, and 13.1% showed a high viral load (>6,000,000 IU/ mL). Among the 378 treatment-naïve patients, the SVR rates were 94.2% (ITT) and 96.7% (PP). Among the 80 treatmentexperienced patients, the SVR rates were 96.3% (ITT) and 98.7% (PP). Patients with a relatively high fibrosis-4 index score (>3.25) had similar SVR rates to those with a relatively low score (p=0.756). A total of 314 patients (68.6%) were treated with a reduced ribavirin dose at the prescriber’s dis-cretion, but they showed similar SVR rates to those treated with the weight-based dose (ITT: 95.5% and 92.3%, PP: 97.4% and 96.3%, respectively). Adverse events were ob-served in 191 patients (41.7%), including 86 (18.8%) with anemia, but only one (0.2%) discontinued antiviral therapy due to nausea. @*Conclusions@#SOF-based therapy showed high real-life efficacy and tolerability in Korean patients with genotype 2 chronic HCV infection, regardless of previous antiviral treatment experience and fibrosis score. A reduced ribavirin dose can be considered in this patient cohort.

11.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 352-363, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832253

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Suboptimal responses to lamivudine or telbivudine plus adefovir (LAM/LdT+ADV) rescue therapy are common in patients with LAM-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. We compared patients switched to entecavir plus tenofovir (ETV+TDF) to those maintained on LAM/LdT+ADV. @*Methods@#This prospective randomized controlled trial examined 91 patients whose serum HBV DNA levels were greater than 60 IU/mL after at least 24 weeks of treatment with LAM/LdT+ADV for LAM-resistant HBV. Patients were randomized to receive a new treatment (ETV+TDF, n=45) or maintained on the same treatment (LAM/LdT+ADV, n=46) for 48 weeks. Patients with baseline ADV resistance were excluded. @*Results@#Compared to LAM/LdT+ADV group, ETV+TDF group had more patients with a virologic response (42/45 [93.33%] vs. 3/46 [6.52%], P<0.001) and had a greater mean reduction in serum HBV DNA level from baseline (-4.16 vs. -0.37 log10 IU/mL, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis indicated that high baseline HBV DNA level (P=0.005) and LAM/LdT+ADV maintenance therapy (P=0.001) were negatively associated with virologic response. At week 48, additional ADV- or ETV-associated mutations were cleared in ETV+TDF group, but such mutations were present in 4.3% of patients in LAM/LdT+ADV group (P=0.106). The two groups had similar rates of adverse events. @*Conclusions@#ETV+TDF combination treatment led to a significantly higher rate of virologic response compared to LAM/LdT+ADV combination treatment in patients with LAM-resistant HBV who had suboptimal responses to LAM/LdT+ADV regardless of HBV genotypic resistance profile (NCT01597934).

12.
Intestinal Research ; : 527-536, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785863

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one of the mechanisms by which colorectal cancer (CRC) cells acquire migratory and invasive capacities, and subsequently metastasize. Parthenolide (PT) expresses multiple anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities that inhibit nuclear factor κB by targeting the IκB kinase complex. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether PT can inhibit TGF-β1-induced EMT in CRC cell lines.METHODS: HT-29 and SW480 cell lines were used in the experiment. Cell viability was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and sub-G1 analysis was measured by flow cytometry. The induction of EMT by TGF-β1 and inhibition of the process by PT was analyzed by phase contrast microscopy, wounding healing, cellular migration and invasion assays, and Western blotting.RESULTS: TGF-β1 inhibits HT-29 cell proliferation, but has no effect on SW480 cell proliferation; different concentrations of TGF-β1 did not induce apoptosis in HT-29 and SW480 cells. PT attenuates TGF-β1-induced elongated, fibroblast-like shape changing in cells. PT inhibits TGF-β1-induced cell migration and cell invasion. In addition, other EMT markers such as β-catenin, Vimentin, Snail, and Slug were suppressed by PT, while E-cadherin was increased by PT.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that PT inhibits TGF-β1-induced EMT by suppressing the expression of the mesenchymal protein and increasing expression of the epithelial protein. These findings suggest a novel approach for CRC treatment by suppression of TGF-β1-induced EMT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cadherins , Cell Line , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Colorectal Neoplasms , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Flow Cytometry , Gastropoda , HT29 Cells , Microscopy, Phase-Contrast , Phosphotransferases , Snails , Transforming Growth Factors , Vimentin , Wounds and Injuries
13.
Gut and Liver ; : 93-103, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719362

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the treatment efficacy and renal safety of long-term tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with preserved renal function. METHODS: The medical records of 919 CHB patients who were treated with TDF therapy were reviewed. All patients had preserved renal function with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of at least 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. RESULTS: A total of 426 patients (184 treatment-naïve and 242 treatment-experienced) were included for analysis. A virologic response (VR) was defined as achieving an undetectable serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level, and the overall VR was 74.9%, 86.7%, and 89.4% at the 1, 2, and 3-year follow-ups, respectively. Achieving a VR was not influenced by previous treatment experience, TDF combination therapy, or antiviral resistance. In a multivariate analysis, being hepatitis B e antigen positive at baseline and having a serum HBV DNA level ≥2,000 IU/mL at 12 months were associated with lower VR rates during the long-term TDF therapy. The overall renal impairment was 2.9%, 1.8%, and 1.7% at the 1, 2, and 3-year follow-ups, respectively. With regard to renal safety, underlying diabetes mellitus (DM) and an initial eGFR of 60 to 89 mL/min/1.73 m2 were significant independent predictors of renal impairment. CONCLUSIONS: TDF therapy appears to be an effective treatment option for CHB patients with a preserved GFR. However, patients with underlying DM and initial mild renal dysfunction (eGFR, 60 to 89 mL/min/1.73 m2) have an increased risk of renal impairment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents , Diabetes Mellitus , DNA , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Renal Insufficiency , Tenofovir , Treatment Outcome
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 440-448, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715588

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to describe the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes for Korean chronic hepatitis C patients and to investigate the impact of patient and virus-related factors on HRQoL. METHODS: HRQoL was assessed in 235 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients from seven nationwide tertiary hospital, including those with liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), using the Shor-Form 36 (SF-36) version 2 and the European quality of life questionnaire-5 dimensions (EQ-5D-3L). RESULTS: The SF-36 physical (48.8±8.3) and mental (46.2±11.7) component summary scores of the HCV-infected patients were below normal limits. Of the eight domains, general health, vitality, and mental health tended to show low scores. Patients with decompensated cirrhosis had the lowest HRQoL, while HCC and chronic hepatitis patients had similar HRQoL results. The EQ-5D index was low (0.848±0.145) in the HCV infected patients. Multivariable analysis showed age ≤65 years, high monthly family income (>$2,641), low comorbidity score, and sustained virologic response (SVR) were independently associated with favorable HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: HRQoL in Korean patients with chronic HCV infection was low and was affected by cirrhosis severity, SVR, and comorbidity as well as income, which had the strongest effect. Therefore, HRQoL may be improved by antiviral therapy with reasonable costs to prevent cirrhosis progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Comorbidity , Fibrosis , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Liver Cirrhosis , Mental Health , Quality of Life , Republic of Korea , Tertiary Care Centers
15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e264-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717605

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection leads to hepatic and extrahepatic manifestations including chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the association between HBV and CKD is not clear. This study investigated the association between chronic HBV infection and CKD in a nationwide multicenter study. METHODS: A total of 265,086 subjects who underwent health-check examinations in 33 hospitals from January 2015 to December 2015 were enrolled. HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) positive cases (n = 10,048), and age- and gender-matched HBsAg negative controls (n = 40,192) were identified. CKD was defined as a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m² or proteinuria as at least grade 2+ of urine protein. RESULTS: HBsAg positive cases showed a significantly higher prevalence of GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m² (3.3%), and proteinuria (18.9%) than that of the controls (2.6%, P < 0.001, and 14.1%, P < 0.001, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, HBsAg positivity was an independent factor associated with GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m² along with age, blood levels of albumin, bilirubin, anemia, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Likewise, HBsAg positivity was an independent factor for proteinuria along with age, male, blood levels of bilirubin, protein, albumin, and HbA1c. A subgroup analysis showed that HBsAg positive men but not women had a significantly increased risk for GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m². CONCLUSION: Chronic HBV infection was significantly associated with a GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m² and proteinuria (≥ 2+). Therefore, clinical concern about CKD in chronic HBV infected patients, especially in male, is warranted.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anemia , Antigens, Surface , Bilirubin , Case-Control Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Multivariate Analysis , Prevalence , Proteinuria , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
16.
Gut and Liver ; : 543-550, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88941

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the era of direct acting antivirals (DAAs), we must understand the treatment patterns and outcomes of interferon-based therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We aimed to elucidate the treatment rate, factors affecting treatment decisions, and efficacy of interferon-based therapy in a real-world setting. METHODS: This nationwide cohort study included 1,191 newly diagnosed patients with chronic HCV infection at seven tertiary hospitals in South Korea. Subjects were followed retrospectively until March 2015, which was just before the approval of DAA therapy. RESULTS: In total, 48.2% and 49.3% of the patients had HCV genotypes 1 and 2, respectively. Interferon-based therapy was initiated in 541 patients (45.4%). The major reasons for no treatment included ineligibility (18.9%), concern about adverse events (22.3%), cost (21.5%), and an age >75 years (19.5%). Interferon-based therapy was discontinued (18.5%) mainly due to adverse events (n=66). The intent-to-treat analysis found that the sustained virologic response (SVR) rate was 58.3% in genotype 1 patients and 74.7% in non-genotype 1 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one-third of newly diagnosed HCV patients in South Korea received interferon-based therapy and showed a suboptimal SVR rate. Diagnosis of patients at younger ages and with a less advanced liver status and reducing the DAA therapy cost may fulfill unmet needs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Genotype , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Korea , Liver , Retrospective Studies , Ribavirin , Tertiary Care Centers
17.
Gut and Liver ; : 11-12, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100549

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver
18.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 521-528, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-216546

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Various deformities can occur in the forearm bones when the traumatically dislocated radial head is untreated for a long period. Without correction of all deformities, reduction of the dislocated radial head is difficult to maintain, and forearm and elbow motion will deteriorate after reduction. We evaluated radiographic parameters of forearms with traumatically dislocated radial heads (and of the normal sides) to understand the resulting deformities and the effectiveness of surgical treatment. METHODS: We analyzed pre- and postoperative anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of 22 forearms (22 patients) with traumatic radial head dislocation. We divided the forearm into three equal parts and measured various morphological parameters. All patients underwent surgical treatment and evaluation of radial head reduction and range of motion pre- and postoperatively. RESULTS: Before treatment, the middle of the ulna was significantly different from the unaffected side in both anteroposterior and lateral views. After surgery, the proximal ulna was significantly different from the unaffected side and the abnormal proximal radial neck angle persisted. The radial head was successfully reduced in 20 of 22 cases. Overall, the mean range of motion decreased after surgery, except for increased flexion-extension. CONCLUSIONS: Complicated deformities developing during long-term remodeling after injury indicate that stable reduction is difficult to achieve with conventional one-bone osteotomy. Even after successful reduction, secondary deformity in the proximal ulna and/or remaining deformity in the proximal radius can hinder forearm rotation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Joint Dislocations , Elbow , Forearm , Head , Neck , Osteotomy , Radius , Range of Motion, Articular , Ulna
19.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 310-318, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-655867

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We compared the results between conservative and surgical treatment methods in a group of children and adolescents with osteochondritis dissecans of the talus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients (31 ankles), who were younger than 18 years old, were included in this study. Group 1 consisted of 14 ankles (mean age at the time of treatment was 13.0 years) treated conservatively. Group 2 consisted 17 ankles (mean age at the time of treatment was 15.1 years) treated surgically. According to the Berndt and Harty classification, there were 6 ankles in class I, 4 in class II, 3 in class III, and 1 in class IV in group 1; 1 ankle in class I, 9 in class II, and 7 in class III in group 2. In group 1, there were 13 medial lesions and 1 lateral lesion; and in group 2, there were 14 medial lesions and 3 lateral lesions. The mean follow-up period was 31.9 months for group 1 and 28.9 months for group 2. Clinical and radiologic results were analyzed using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score and the classification by Higuera et al. RESULTS: The mean AOFAS clinical score was 91.4 in group 1 and 87.5 in group 2. According to the classification by Higuera et al., regarding clinical results, there were 6 excellent, 7 good, and 1 fair in group 1, and 5 excellent, 2 good, and 10 fair in group 2. As for radiological results, there were 13 good and 1 fair in group 1, and 10 good and 7 fair in group 2. There was no statistical difference between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Conservative treatment provided satisfactory results for osteochondritis dissecans of the talus in children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Ankle , Classification , Follow-Up Studies , Foot , Osteochondritis Dissecans , Osteochondritis , Talus
20.
Gut and Liver ; : 426-433, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17720

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The association between depression and chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection or pegylated interferon α and ribavirin therapy (PR therapy) has not been extensively studied in Korea. We aimed to clarify the prevalence of depression and its incidence during PR therapy in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter study, 114 CHC patients were screened for depression using two self-reported scales, the Beck Depression Inventory-I (BDI-I) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS). The incidence of depression during PR therapy was evaluated in 62 patients who underwent PR therapy during the study period. RESULTS: The prevalence of baseline depression was 17.5% according to the BDI-I score ≥10 criterion and 4.4% according to the HADS-D score ≥8 criterion in the 114 CHC patients, and it was significantly associated with an unmarried state. During PR therapy, depression developed in 34.6% according to the BDI-I scale and 29.5% according to the HADS-D, which negatively affected sustained virologic response (SVR). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of depression in Korean CHC patients appears to be low compared to that in Western patients; however, its incidence during PR therapy (approximately 30%) was similar to that of other populations, which led to a lower SVR rate. Active screening and multidisciplinary management of depression during PR therapy is warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Depression , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Incidence , Interferons , Korea , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Republic of Korea , Ribavirin , Single Person , Weights and Measures
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