Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 141
Filter
1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 413-422, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003229

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The incidence and prognostic implications of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are controversial, especially for Korean patients. Furthermore, the pattern of antithrombotic therapy for these patients is unknown. The present study sought to identify the impact of AF on Korean patients undergoing TAVI and demonstrate the status of antithrombotic therapy for these patients. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 660 patients who underwent TAVI for severe AS were recruited from the nationwide K-TAVI registry in Korea. The enrolled patients were stratified into sinus rhythm (SR) and AF groups. The primary endpoint was all-cause death at 1-year. @*Results@#AF was recorded in 135 patients [pre-existing AF 108 (16.4%) and new-onset AF 27 (4.1%)]. The rate of all-cause death at 1 year was significantly higher in patients with AF than in those with SR [16.2% vs. 6.4%, adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 2.207, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.182–4.120, p=0.013], regardless of the onset timing of AF. The rate of new pacemaker insertion at 1 year was also significantly higher in patients with AF than in those with SR (14.0% vs. 5.5%, adjusted HR: 3.137, 95%CI: 1.621–6.071, p=0.001).Among AF patients, substantial number of patients received the combination of multiple antithrombotic agents (77.8%), and the most common combination was that of aspirin and clopidogrel (38.1%). @*Conclusion@#AF was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality and new pacemaker insertion in Korean patients undergoing TAVI.

2.
Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis ; : 277-289, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001309

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This phase IV, multicenter, randomized controlled, open-label, and parallel clinical trial aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of ezetimibe and moderate intensity rosuvastatin combination therapy to that of high intensity rosuvastatin monotherapy in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). @*Methods@#This study enrolled patients with ASCVD and after a four-week screening period, patients were randomly assigned to receive either rosuvastatin and ezetimibe (RE 10/10 group) or high-intensity rosuvastatin (R20 group) only in a 1:1 ratio. The primary outcome was the difference in the percent change in the mean low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level from baseline to 12 weeks between two groups after treatment. @*Results@#The study found that after 12 and 24 weeks of treatment, the RE10/10 group had a greater reduction in LDL-C level compared to the R20 group (−22.9±2.6% vs. −15.6 ± 2.5% [p=0.041] and −24.2±2.5% vs. −12.9±2.4% [p=0.001] at 12 and 24 weeks, respectively). Moreover, a greater number of patients achieved the target LDL-C level of ≤70 mg/dL after the treatment period in the combination group (74.6% vs. 59.9% [p=0.012] and 76.2% vs. 50.8% [p<0.001] at 12 and 24 weeks, respectively). Importantly, there were no significant differences in the occurrence of overall adverse events and adverse drug reactions between two groups. @*Conclusion@#Moderate-intensity rosuvastatin and ezetimibe combination therapy had better efficacy in lowering LDL-C levels without increasing adverse effects in patients with ASCVD than high-intensity rosuvastatin monotherapy.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e254-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001060

ABSTRACT

Background@#Fractional flow reserve (FFR) based on computed tomography (CT) has been shown to better identify ischemia-causing coronary stenosis. However, this current technology requires high computational power, which inhibits its widespread implementation in clinical practice. This prospective, multicenter study aimed at validating the diagnostic performance of a novel simple CT based fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) calculation method in patients with coronary artery disease. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent coronary CT angiography (CCTA) within 90 days and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) were prospectively enrolled. A hemodynamically significant lesion was defined as an FFR ≤ 0.80, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was the primary measure. After the planned analysis for the initial algorithm A, we performed another set of exploratory analyses for an improved algorithm B. @*Results@#Of 184 patients who agreed to participate in the study, 151 were finally analyzed.Hemodynamically significant lesions were observed in 79 patients (52.3%). The AUC was 0.71 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63–0.80) for CCTA, 0.65 (95% CI, 0.56–0.74) for CT-FFR algorithm A (P = 0.866), and 0.78 (95% CI, 0.70–0.86) for algorithm B (P = 0.112). Diagnostic accuracy was 0.63 (0.55–0.71) for CCTA alone, 0.66 (0.58–0.74) for algorithm A, and 0.76 (0.68–0.82) for algorithm B. @*Conclusion@#This study suggests the feasibility of automated CT-FFR, which can be performed on-site within several hours. However, the diagnostic performance of the current algorithm does not meet the a priori criteria for superiority. Future research is required to improve the accuracy.

4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 529-540, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938457

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Limited data are available regarding long-term clinical outcomes of iliac artery endovascular therapy (EVT) in real-world practice. This study investigated long-term outcomes according to Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) classifications. @*Methods@#We analyzed data from 1,705 limbs of 1,364 patients from the retrospective cohort of the multicenter Korean Vascular Intervention Society Endovascular Therapy in Lower Limb Artery Disease registry. The primary endpoint was target lesion revascularization (TLR)-free survival. @*Results@#TASC A, B, C, and D lesions were present in 19.4%, 26.2%, 28.7%, and 25.7% of the treated limbs, respectively. The technical success rate was 96.2% and did not differ between TASC lesion types. Complications occurred in 6.8% of cases and more occurred in TASC D (11.8%). Iliac artery EVT showed a 5-year TLR-free survival of 89.2%. The TASC D group had the lowest TLR-free rate of 79.3%. TASC D (hazard ratio [HR], 1.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12–2.73; p=0.014), plain old balloon angioplasty (HR, 4.25; 95% CI, 2.03–8.88; p<0.001), current smoker (HR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.26–2.83; p=0.002), previous bypass surgery (HR, 3.04;95% CI, 1.28–7.19; p=0.011), combined femoropopliteal treatment (HR, 4.89; 95% CI, 3.19–7.50; p<0.001), combined below the knee treatment (HR, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.25–3.89; p=0.007), and complications (HR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.07–3.24; p=0.028) were predictors for TLR. @*Conclusions@#Iliac artery EVT achieved excellent technical success and 5-year TLR-free survival. TASC D showed a favorable but lower 5-year TLR-free survival rate and higher complication rate compared with other TASC groups.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 544-555, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938455

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The outcome benefits of β-blockers in chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) have not been fully assessed. We evaluated the prognostic impact of β-blockers on patients with chronic CAD after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#A total of 3,075 patients with chronic CAD were included from the Grand DrugEluting Stent registry. We analyzed β-blocker prescriptions, including doses and types, in each patient at 3-month intervals from discharge. After propensity score matching, 1,170 pairs of patients (β-blockers vs. no β-blockers) were derived. Primary outcome was defined as a composite endpoint of all-cause death and myocardial infarction (MI). We further analyzed the outcome benefits of different doses (low-, medium-, and high-dose) and types (conventional or vasodilating) of β-blockers. @*Results@#During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 3.1 (3.0–3.1) years, 134 (5.7%) patients experienced primary outcome. Overall, β-blockers demonstrated no significant benefit in primary outcome (hazard ratio [HR], 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63–1.24), all-cause death (HR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.60–1.25), and MI (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.49–3.15). In subgroup analysis, β-blockers were associated with a lower risk of all-cause death in patients with previous MI and/ or revascularization (HR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.14–0.99) (p for interaction=0.045). No significant associations were found for the clinical outcomes with different doses and types of β-blockers. @*Conclusions@#Overall, β-blocker therapy was not associated with better clinical outcomes in patients with chronic CAD undergoing PCI. Limited mortality benefit of β-blockers may exist for patients with previous MI and/or revascularization.

6.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 354-364, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926539

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives@#To compare the safety and efficacy of a new everolimus-eluting stent with an abluminal-coated biodegradable polymer (Osstem Cardiotec Centum) with those of the Xience Alpine stent (Xience). @*Methods@#This randomized, prospective, multicenter, parallel-designed, single-blind trial was conducted among patients with myocardial ischemia undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from 21st September 2018 until 3rd July 2020. The primary efficacy endpoint was in-segment late lumen loss (LLL) at 270 days after the procedure and the primary safety endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACE), composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization. @*Results@#We enrolled 121 patients and analyzed 113 patients who finished 270 days of followup for the primary efficacy endpoint. The mean age of the participants was 66.8 years. As for the primary efficacy endpoint, LLL of the Osstem Cardiotec Centum group was 0.09±0.13 mm and that of the Xience group was 0.12±0.14 mm (upper limit of 1-sided 95% confidence interval, 0.02; p for non-inferiority, 0.0084). This result demonstrates the non-inferiority of the Osstem Cardiotec Centum. As for the primary safety endpoint, MACE occurred in one patient (1.59% of the Xience group). Meanwhile, no MACE occurred in the Osstem Cardiotec Centum group. @*Conclusions@#The Osstem Cardiotec Centum is non-inferior to the Xience Alpine ® stent and is confirmed to be safe. It could be safely and effectively applied to patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI.

7.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 429-440, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926524

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Endovascular therapy (EVT) first strategy has been widely adopted for the treatment of chronic limb threatening ischemia (CLTI) patients in realworld practice. This study aimed to investigate long-term outcomes of CLTI patients who underwent EVT and identify prognostic factors. @*Methods@#From the retrospective cohorts of a Korean multicenter endovascular therapy registry, 1,036 patients with CLTI (792 men, 68.8 ± 9.5 years) were included. The primary endpoint was amputation-free survival (AFS) defined as the absence of major amputation or death. Secondary endpoints were major adverse limb events (MALE; a composite of major amputation, minor amputation, and reintervention). @*Results@#Five-year AFS and freedom from MALE were 69.8% and 61%, respectively. After multivariate analysis, age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.476; p<0.001), end-stage renal disease (ESRD; HR, 2.340; p<0.001), Rutherford category (RC) 6 (HR, 1.456; p=0.036), and suboptimal EVT (HR, 1.798; p=0.005) were identified as predictors of major amputation or death, whereas smoking (HR, 0.594; p=0.007) was protective. Low body mass index (HR, 1.505; p=0.046), ESRD (HR, 1.648; p=0.001), femoropopliteal lesion (HR, 1.877; p=0.004), RC-6 (HR, 1.471;p=0.008), and suboptimal EVT (HR, 1.847; p=0.001) were predictors of MALE. The highest hazard rates were observed during the first 6 months for both major amputation or death and MALE. After that, the hazard rate decreased and rose again after 3–4 years. @*Conclusions@#In CLTI patients, long-term outcomes of EVT were acceptable. ESRD, RC-6, and suboptimal EVT were common predictors for poor clinical outcomes.

8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 304-319, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926512

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#De-escalation of dual-antiplatelet therapy through dose reduction of prasugrel improved net adverse clinical events (NACEs) after acute coronary syndrome (ACS), mainly through the reduction of bleeding without an increase in ischemic outcomes. Whether the benefits of de-escalation are sustained in highly thrombotic conditions such as ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unknown. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of de-escalation therapy in patients with STEMI or non-STsegment elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS). @*Methods@#This is a pre-specified subgroup analysis of the HOST-REDUCE-POLYTECH-ACS trial. ACS patients were randomized to prasugrel de-escalation (5 mg daily) or conventional dose (10 mg daily) at 1-month post-percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary endpoint was a NACE, defined as a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, clinically driven revascularization, stroke, and bleeding events of grade ≥2 Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) criteria at 1 year. @*Results@#Among 2,338 patients included in the randomization, 326 patients were diagnosed with STEMI. In patients with NSTE-ACS, the risk of the primary endpoint was significantly reduced with de-escalation (hazard ratio [HR], 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.48– 0.89; p=0.006 for de-escalation vs. conventional), mainly driven by a reduced bleeding. However, in those with STEMI, there was no difference in the occurrence of the primary outcome (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.48–2.26; p=0.915; p for interaction=0.271). @*Conclusions@#Prasugrel dose de-escalation reduced the rate of NACE and bleeding, without increasing the rate of ischemic events in NSTE-ACS patients but not in STEMI patients.

9.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 696-707, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893883

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Few studies have investigated the obesity paradox in clinical outcomes of peripheral artery disease (PAD). We investigated the association between body massindex (BMI) and clinical outcomes in PAD patients undergoing endovascular therapy (EVT). @*Methods@#Patients (n=2,914) from the retrospective Korean Vascular Intervention Society Endovascular Therapy in Lower Limb Artery Disease registry were categorized according to BMI: underweight (<18.5 kg/m2 , n=204), normal weight (18.5–25 kg/m2 , n=1,818), overweight (25–30 kg/m2 , n=766), or obese (≥30 kg/m2 , n=126). Groups were compared for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and major adverse limb events (MALE). @*Results@#The underweight and obese groups were older and had more frequent critical limb ischemia and infrapopliteal artery disease than the normal or overweight groups (all p<0.001). Hypertension and diabetes were more frequent and current smoking was less frequent in the overweight and obese groups than the underweight or normal weight groups (all p <0.001). The underweight group showed the higher rates of MACE and MALE at 3 years (17.2%, 15.7%) compared with the normal weight (10.8%, 11.7%), overweight (8.4%, 10.7%), or obese groups (8.7%, 14.3%) (log-rank p<0.001, p=0.015). In contrast, the risk of MACE was lower in the overweight than the normal weight group (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.706; 95% CI, 0.537–0.928). @*Conclusions@#In PAD patients undergoing EVT, underweight was an independent predictor for MACE and MALE, whereas MACE risk was lower for overweight than normal weight patients.

10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e61-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892274

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although electrocardiography and cardiac troponin play important roles in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), there remain unmet clinical needs. Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) has been identified as an early diagnostic marker of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this study, we examined the diagnostic and prognostic value of H-FABP in patients suspected with ACS. @*Methods@#We conducted an observational single-center cohort study, including 89 adults aged 30 years or older, who presented to the emergency room (ER) within 24 hours after the onset of chest pain and/or dyspnea. We performed laboratory analysis and point-of-care testing (POCT) for cardiac markers, including H-FABP, troponin I, and creatine kinasemyocardial band. We also evaluated the correlation between cardiac markers and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). @*Results@#In patients presented to ER within 4 hours after symptom onset (n = 49), the diagnostic accuracy of H-FABP for AMI, as quantified by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, was higher (0.738; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.591–0.885) than other cardiac markers. In POCT, the diagnostic accuracy of H-FABP (56%; 95% CI, 45–67) was significantly higher than other cardiac markers. H-FABP was correlated with not extent of CAD but post-AMI LV dysfunction. @*Conclusion@#H-FABP is a useful cardiac marker for the early diagnosis of AMI and prediction of myocardia injury. Difference in the circulatory release timeline of cardiac markers could explain its utility in early-stage of myocardial injury.

11.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 696-707, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901587

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Few studies have investigated the obesity paradox in clinical outcomes of peripheral artery disease (PAD). We investigated the association between body massindex (BMI) and clinical outcomes in PAD patients undergoing endovascular therapy (EVT). @*Methods@#Patients (n=2,914) from the retrospective Korean Vascular Intervention Society Endovascular Therapy in Lower Limb Artery Disease registry were categorized according to BMI: underweight (<18.5 kg/m2 , n=204), normal weight (18.5–25 kg/m2 , n=1,818), overweight (25–30 kg/m2 , n=766), or obese (≥30 kg/m2 , n=126). Groups were compared for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and major adverse limb events (MALE). @*Results@#The underweight and obese groups were older and had more frequent critical limb ischemia and infrapopliteal artery disease than the normal or overweight groups (all p<0.001). Hypertension and diabetes were more frequent and current smoking was less frequent in the overweight and obese groups than the underweight or normal weight groups (all p <0.001). The underweight group showed the higher rates of MACE and MALE at 3 years (17.2%, 15.7%) compared with the normal weight (10.8%, 11.7%), overweight (8.4%, 10.7%), or obese groups (8.7%, 14.3%) (log-rank p<0.001, p=0.015). In contrast, the risk of MACE was lower in the overweight than the normal weight group (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.706; 95% CI, 0.537–0.928). @*Conclusions@#In PAD patients undergoing EVT, underweight was an independent predictor for MACE and MALE, whereas MACE risk was lower for overweight than normal weight patients.

12.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e61-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899978

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although electrocardiography and cardiac troponin play important roles in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), there remain unmet clinical needs. Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) has been identified as an early diagnostic marker of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this study, we examined the diagnostic and prognostic value of H-FABP in patients suspected with ACS. @*Methods@#We conducted an observational single-center cohort study, including 89 adults aged 30 years or older, who presented to the emergency room (ER) within 24 hours after the onset of chest pain and/or dyspnea. We performed laboratory analysis and point-of-care testing (POCT) for cardiac markers, including H-FABP, troponin I, and creatine kinasemyocardial band. We also evaluated the correlation between cardiac markers and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). @*Results@#In patients presented to ER within 4 hours after symptom onset (n = 49), the diagnostic accuracy of H-FABP for AMI, as quantified by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, was higher (0.738; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.591–0.885) than other cardiac markers. In POCT, the diagnostic accuracy of H-FABP (56%; 95% CI, 45–67) was significantly higher than other cardiac markers. H-FABP was correlated with not extent of CAD but post-AMI LV dysfunction. @*Conclusion@#H-FABP is a useful cardiac marker for the early diagnosis of AMI and prediction of myocardia injury. Difference in the circulatory release timeline of cardiac markers could explain its utility in early-stage of myocardial injury.

13.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1114-1124, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831921

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Whether the presence of chronic total occlusion (CTO) affects patency after stenting in femoropopliteal lesions is unknown. We determined the effects of plain balloon angioplasty (POBA) in comparison with those of stenting on patency for femoropopliteal CTO and stenosis (non-CTO). @*Methods@#We analyzed data from the Korean Vascular Intervention Society Endovascular Therapy in Lower-Limb Artery Diseases Registry, a multicenter cohort of patients with lower extremity peripheral arterial disease. Data from 1,329 patients and 1558 limbs treated with endovascular intervention for at least one femoropopliteal lesion were evaluated. @*Results@#Among the 1,558 limbs, 345, 432, 275, and 506 were in the non-CTO-POBA,non-CTO-stent, CTO-POBA, and CTO-stent groups, respectively. During follow-up, loss of clinical primary patency, a composite of freedom from restenosis or clinically driven target lesion revascularization, occurred in 65 (18.8%), 68 (15.7%), 62 (22.5%), and 113 limbs (22.3%) in the non-CTO-POBA, non-CTO-stent, CTO-POBA, and CTO-stent groups, respectively. The patients in the non-CTOstent group showed a significantly better clinical primary patency than those in the no-CTO-POBA group, whereas those in the CTO-stent and CTO-POBAgroups showed no significant differences. After inverse probability of treatment weighting to balance the differences among covariates between the non-CTOstent and non-CTO-POBA groups, the non-CTO-stent group still showed superior clinical primary patency as compared with the non-CTO-POBA group. @*Conclusions@#In the patients with femoropopliteal stenosis without CTO, stenting resulted in better clinical outcomes than balloon angioplasty. The presence of CTO in the femoropopliteal lesion should be considered when selecting a suitable device for performing endovascular procedures.

14.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 749-757, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831785

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious disease caused by the novel virus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The first case developed in December, 2019 in Wuhan, China; several months later, COVID-19 has become pandemic, and there is no end in sight. This disaster is also causing serious health problems in the area of cardiovascular intervention. In response, the Korean Society of Interventional Cardiology formed a COVID-19 task force to develop practice guidelines. This special article introduces clinical practice guidelines to prevent secondary transmission of COVID-19 within facilities; the guidelines were developed to protect patients and healthcare workers from this highly contagious virus. We hope these guidelines help healthcare workers and cardiovascular disease patients around the world cope with the COVID-19 pandemic.

15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e363-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831683

ABSTRACT

Background@#Detection of arrhythmias is crucial for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.However, conventional devices do not provide sufficient diagnostic accuracy while patients should suffer from bothersome diagnostic process. We sought to evaluate diagnostic capability and safety of the new adhesive electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring device in patients who need ECG monitoring during admission. @*Methods@#We enrolled 10 patients who admitted to Seoul National University Bundang Hospital and required continuous ECG monitoring between October 31, 2019 and December 18, 2019. New adhesive ECG monitoring device and conventional ECG monitoring device were simultaneously applied to the patients and maintained for 48 hours. From each patient, 48 pairs of ECG signal were collected and analyzed by two cardiologists independently.Discrepancy of diagnosis and frequency of noise or signal loss were compared between the two devices. @*Results@#From analyzable ECG data, discrepancy of arrhythmia diagnosis was not observed between the two devices. Noise rate was higher in conventional ECG monitoring device (2.5% vs. 17.3%, P < 0.001) and signal loss was not observed in new adhesive device while there was 9.4% of signal losses in conventional Holter recorder group. The new device was well-tolerated among 48 hours of monitoring period and no adverse event was observed. @*Conclusion@#A newer adhesive ECG monitoring device demonstrated similar diagnostic accuracy compared to conventional ECG monitoring device.

16.
International Journal of Arrhythmia ; : e2-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835472

ABSTRACT

Background@#Safety evaluation for patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning is often overlooked. We developed an automatic consultation system (ACS) to improve the screening rate in these patients. @*Methods@#ACS was developed by the Hospital Information System Development Department of Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. It was designed to automatically request pre-MRI cardiac evaluation in patients with CIED when MRI orders are issued. The proportion of the patients without pre-MRI cardiologic evaluation was evaluated before and after the ACS application. @*Results@#From January 2016 to June 2018, a total of 157 patients with CIEDs [pacemaker 136 (86.6%), ICD or CRT-D 21 (13.4%), MR-conditional 117 (74.5%)] visited the MRI facility. Before the ACS application, 23 out of 84 patients (27.4%) did not have adequate pre-MRI cardiologic evaluation. Despite urgent request for pre-MRI cardiac evaluation, MRI examination was postponed or cancelled in 14 (60.8%) cases. After the ACS application, all 73 patients underwent proper cardiologic evaluation before their MRI examinations (P < 0.001). The proportion of immediate request for pre-MRI evaluation at the moment of MRI order also improved with the ACS application (before ACS 57.1%, after ACS 100%, P < 0.001). @*Conclusions@#The newly developed ACS helped the patients with CIED receive MRI scan safely on the schedule, improving the quality of care in this population.

17.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 974-983, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833053

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious disease caused by the novel virus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2. The first case developed in December, 2019 in Wuhan, China; several months later, COVID-19 has become pandemic, and there is no end in sight. This disaster is also causing serious health problems in the area of cardiovascular intervention. In response, the Korean Society of Interventional Cardiology formed a COVID-19 task force to develop practice guidelines. This special article introduces clinical practice guidelines to prevent secondary transmission of COVID-19 within facilities;the guidelines were developed to protect patients and healthcare workers from this highly contagious virus. We hope these guidelines help healthcare workers and cardiovascular disease patients around the world cope with the COVID-19 pandemic.

18.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 819-829, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919035

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#After a study comparing drug-eluting stents (DESs) to sequential treatment with drug-eluting balloons (DEBs) and bare metal stents (BMSs), we retrospectively analysed strut malapposition and neointimal hyperplasia in de novo coronary lesions using optical coherence tomography (OCT) or intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS).@*METHODS@#We obtained OCT data from 16 patients (eight per group) and IVUS data from 40 patients (20 per group). OCT or IVUS was performed after the index procedure and after 9 months. Parameters including obstruction volume due to neointimal hyperplasia (neointimal hyperplasia volume/stent volume, %), strut malapposition (% of malapposed struts), and intra-individual inhomogeneity of in-stent restenosis were compared.@*RESULTS@#Although obstruction volume due to neointimal hyperplasia was significantly higher in the DEB-BMS group (14.90 ± 15.36 vs. DES 7.03 ± 11.39, p = 0.025), there was no difference in strut malapposition between the two groups (DEB-BMS 1.99 ± 5.37 vs. DES 0.88 ± 2.22, p = 0.856). The DEB-BMS group showed greater intra-individual inhomogeneity of in-stent restenosis pattern than the DES group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Treatment with DEB followed by BMS failed to improve strut malapposition despite higher in-stent neointimal growth, probably because of the inhomogeneous inhibition of in-stent neointimal hyperplasia by DEB. DEB technology should be improved to obtain even drug delivery to the vessel wall and homogeneous prevention of neointimal growth comparable to contemporary DES.

19.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e202-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) causes macro- and microvasculopathy, but data on cardiac microvascular changes in large animals are scarce. We sought to determine the effect of DM on macro- and microvascular changes in diabetic pigs and humans. METHODS: Eight domestic pigs (4 with type I diabetes and 4 controls) underwent coronary angiography with optical coherence tomography (OCT; at baseline and 1 and 2 months), coronary computed tomography angiography, cardiac magnet resonance (CMR) imaging, and histologic examination. RESULTS: The diabetic pigs had more irregular capillaries with acellular capillaries and a smaller capillary diameter (11.7 ± 0.33 μm vs. 13.5 ± 0.53 μm; P < 0.001) than those of the control pigs. The OCT showed no significant epicardial stenosis in either group; however diabetic pigs had a greater intima-media thickness. CMR results showed that diabetic pigs had a lower relative upslope at rest (31.3 ± 5.9 vs. 37.9 ± 8.1; P = 0.011) and during stress (18.0 ± 3.0 vs. 21.6 ± 2.8; P = 0.007) than the control pigs, implying decreased myocardial perfusion. Among the 79 patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction, 25 had diabetes and they had lower myocardial perfusion on CMR as well. CONCLUSION: DM causes microvascular remodeling and a decrease in myocardial perfusion in large animals at a very early stage of the disease course. Early and effective interventions are necessary to interrupt the progression of vascular complications in diabetic patients.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Angiography , Capillaries , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Diabetes Mellitus , Hyperglycemia , Myocardial Infarction , Perfusion , Sus scrofa , Swine , Tomography, Optical Coherence
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 272-283, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713870

ABSTRACT

Although the causes of hypertension are usually unknown, about 10% of the cases occur secondary to specific etiologies, which are often treatable. Common categories of secondary hypertension include renal parenchymal disease, renovascular stenosis, vascular and endocrinologic disorders. For diseases involving the renal parenchyma and adrenal glands, ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is recommended. For renovascular stenosis and vascular disorders, Doppler US, conventional or noninvasive (CT or MR) angiography is an appropriate modality. Nuclear imaging can be useful in the differential diagnosis of endocrine causes. Radiologists should understand the role of each imaging modality and its typical findings in various causes of secondary hypertension. This article focuses on appropriate imaging approaches in accordance with the categorized etiologies leading to hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenal Glands , Angiography , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis, Differential , Diagnostic Imaging , Hypertension , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ultrasonography
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL