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1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893556

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to review the current postpartum care service system and suggest measures of improvement for the public reinforcement of the private-postpartum care center (PCC). We conducted a review of literature, including an internet search, and we analyzed the in-depth interviews using questionnaires answered by workers from the 6 private-PCCs operated in Goyang city. Using these data, we derived possible measures which could improve the publicity of private-PCCs. It was found that the 11 nationwide public-PCCs had serious operating deficits, and its utilization by the vulnerable was insufficient. In areas where private-PCCs are concentrated, we can propose the following policies to strengthen publicity, rather than establishing another public-PCC. First, it is important to provide support for private-PCCs to apply cost reductions for vulnerable groups, similar to the maternal and newborn medical care of public-PCCs. Second, publicity would be strengthened by reorganizing the pregnancy and childbirth education program, while also offering additional services for mothers with stillbirths and abortions. For the integrated management of postpartum care services, this should be shifted towards reinforcing the publicity of private-PCCs, rather than operating a public-PCC in relatively concentrated private-PCC areas. Through these policies, it is expected that financial and administrative waste will be reduced, and an integrated management system for postpartum care services will be established.

2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875112

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to review the definitions of reproductive health rights, investigate reproductive health status, and suggest policy strategies to promote reproductive health in Korea. Current laws, the Constitution of the World Health Organization, works from Guttmacher-Lancet Commission on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, the Program of Action of the International Conference on Population Development, the Nairobi Statement on ICPD25, and the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women were reviewed to define reproductive health rights. The reproductive health status focusing on high-risk pregnancy was analyzed. Definitions of reproductive health rights include the right of every person to have lifetime access to the information, resources, services, and support needed to achieve bodily integrity, privacy and personal autonomy regarding their reproductive health. Most indices of reproductive health in Korea analyzed here are and would remain negative. Reproductive health should be approached from the perspectives of rights. We should continuously monitor the indicators of reproductive health and policies corresponding to low fertility rates in Korea should focus on improving women’s reproductive health. This suggests support for obstetrics and gynecology check-ups and treatments before pregnancy and postpartum care, the provision of education on the importance of prepregnancy health care for men and women and comprehensive information and counseling services. It is also necessary to establish a delivery infrastructure for safe pregnancy and childbirth and unify governmental ministries related to pregnancy and childbirth.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901260

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to review the current postpartum care service system and suggest measures of improvement for the public reinforcement of the private-postpartum care center (PCC). We conducted a review of literature, including an internet search, and we analyzed the in-depth interviews using questionnaires answered by workers from the 6 private-PCCs operated in Goyang city. Using these data, we derived possible measures which could improve the publicity of private-PCCs. It was found that the 11 nationwide public-PCCs had serious operating deficits, and its utilization by the vulnerable was insufficient. In areas where private-PCCs are concentrated, we can propose the following policies to strengthen publicity, rather than establishing another public-PCC. First, it is important to provide support for private-PCCs to apply cost reductions for vulnerable groups, similar to the maternal and newborn medical care of public-PCCs. Second, publicity would be strengthened by reorganizing the pregnancy and childbirth education program, while also offering additional services for mothers with stillbirths and abortions. For the integrated management of postpartum care services, this should be shifted towards reinforcing the publicity of private-PCCs, rather than operating a public-PCC in relatively concentrated private-PCC areas. Through these policies, it is expected that financial and administrative waste will be reduced, and an integrated management system for postpartum care services will be established.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782214

ABSTRACT

14 cm, and HOB >7.8 cm were 10.80 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.57–74.94), 5.26 (95% CI, 1.06–26.19), and 10.50 (95% CI, 1.03–107.12), respectively. Areas under the curve (AUCs) for AFI, HOB, and parity were 0.66 (95% CI, 0.54–0.78), 0.74 (95% CI, 0.64–0.85), and 0.69 (95% CI, 0.62–0.76), respectively. HOB had the largest AUC, but there were no significant differences among the AUCs of other factors. The cut-off value of HOB was 6 cm.CONCLUSION: This study showed that the AUC of HOB was greater than that of parity and AFI, although it was not statistically significant. As HOB is a noninvasive and comprehensive marker to predict successful ECV, consideration of HOB would be helpful before conducting ECV. Further studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Amniotic Fluid , Area Under Curve , Breech Presentation , Buttocks , Female , Humans , Odds Ratio , Parity , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Prospective Studies , Pubic Symphysis , Ultrasonography , Version, Fetal
5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836448

ABSTRACT

Community-based preconception care for men and women of childbearing age has been introduced in Seoul. The program aims to focus on problem areas such as low birth rate, fertility issues potentially due to late marriages, preterm or premature births, and low-birthweight in newborn babies. The district administration officials of Seoul, as well as, academics from the Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health, developed a protocol by using a questionnaire and laboratory test for screening risk factors in pregnancy. The protocol was tested on a trial basis in four local districts in Seoul from July 2017 to 2018, extended to 12 local districts in 2019, and all 25 districts in Seoul in 2020. The protocol includes AntiMullerian Hormone tests to assess women’s ovarian reserve and male health checkups that include semen analysis and physical examinations of genitalia. These tests are conducted for early detection and treatment of infertility, especially in cases of late marriages. In order to prevent women being abandoned during pregnancy (leading them to single-parenting), the protocol also emphasizes building a gender-sen sitive environment by encouraging more male participation. A monitoring group comprised of Seoul city district officials and academics from the Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health, regularly visited the local districts to observe improvements and keep the program officials up to date. In addition, the group also conducted a mobile phone survey for feedback on the program. The interest and support of the resi dents in Seoul city, and positive results and development in pregnancy care and childbirth, are needed to stabilize and extend this protocol.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902938

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this survey was to investigate the recommendations and clinical practice patterns of the Korean Society of Maternal and Fetal Medicine (KSMFM) members, regarding management of isolated oligohydramnios (IO). @*Methods@#From December 2018 to February 2019, questionnaires were e-mailed to the KSMFM members at 257 institutes that are listed by the Korean Statistical Information Services (KOSIS) as suitable labor premises. Responses to the seven questions on the management of IO, from diagnosis to treatment, were evaluated. @*Results@#A total of 72 KSMFM members responded to this survey. Nearly all participants (90.1%) used the amniotic fluid index (AFI) as the primary method for estimating amniotic fluid volume. The majority of the participants (73.6%) believed that IO was a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including abnormal fetal heart rate (73.6%), need for cesarean delivery (58.3%), intrauterine fetal demise (52.8%), and meconium aspiration syndrome (50%). Almost 70% of the participants believed that induction of labor might decrease perinatal morbidities, and that late-preterm to early-term period (36–38 gestational weeks) was a suitable timeframe for delivery, if the fetus was sufficiently grown and antenatal testing revealed reassuring results. Less than half of the participants (47.2%) believed that maternal oral or intravenous hydration was a useful intervention for IO management. @*Conclusions@#KSMFM members preferred labor induction at late-preterm to early-term, to decrease perinatal morbidity in cases of IO, although it was still uncertain whether labor induction improved the outcomes. Further prospective studies are needed regarding IO management.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902899

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The current study aimed to investigate whether pregnancy outcomes are affected by maternal rhesus (Rh) status by comparing the primigravida pregnancy outcomes of Rh-negative women with those of Rh-positive women. @*Methods@#The study data were collected from the Korea National Health Insurance Claims Database and the National Health Screening Program for Infants and Children. In total, 1,664,882 primigravida women who gave birth between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2014, were enrolled in this study. As the risk and severity of sensitization response increases with each subsequent pregnancy, only primigravida women were enrolled. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to Rh status, and the pregnancy outcomes were compared. @*Results@#In total, 1,661,320 women in the Rh-positive group and 3,290 in the Rh-negative group were assessed. With regard to adverse pregnancy outcomes, there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of the prevalence of preeclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage, abruptio placenta, placenta previa, and uterine artery embolization. A univariate analysis revealed that none of the adverse pregnancy outcomes were significantly correlated to Rh status (preeclampsia: odds ratio [OR], 1.00, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.81–1.23; postpartum hemorrhage: OR, 1.10, 95% CI, 0.98–1.24; abruptio placenta: OR, 0.80, 95% CI, 0.46–1.37; and placenta previa: OR, 1.08, 95% CI, 0.78–1.42). The adjusted ORs of postpartum hemorrhage and preterm birth did not significantly differ. @*Conclusion@#Maternal Rh status is not associated with adverse outcomes in primigravida women.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895234

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this survey was to investigate the recommendations and clinical practice patterns of the Korean Society of Maternal and Fetal Medicine (KSMFM) members, regarding management of isolated oligohydramnios (IO). @*Methods@#From December 2018 to February 2019, questionnaires were e-mailed to the KSMFM members at 257 institutes that are listed by the Korean Statistical Information Services (KOSIS) as suitable labor premises. Responses to the seven questions on the management of IO, from diagnosis to treatment, were evaluated. @*Results@#A total of 72 KSMFM members responded to this survey. Nearly all participants (90.1%) used the amniotic fluid index (AFI) as the primary method for estimating amniotic fluid volume. The majority of the participants (73.6%) believed that IO was a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including abnormal fetal heart rate (73.6%), need for cesarean delivery (58.3%), intrauterine fetal demise (52.8%), and meconium aspiration syndrome (50%). Almost 70% of the participants believed that induction of labor might decrease perinatal morbidities, and that late-preterm to early-term period (36–38 gestational weeks) was a suitable timeframe for delivery, if the fetus was sufficiently grown and antenatal testing revealed reassuring results. Less than half of the participants (47.2%) believed that maternal oral or intravenous hydration was a useful intervention for IO management. @*Conclusions@#KSMFM members preferred labor induction at late-preterm to early-term, to decrease perinatal morbidity in cases of IO, although it was still uncertain whether labor induction improved the outcomes. Further prospective studies are needed regarding IO management.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895195

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The current study aimed to investigate whether pregnancy outcomes are affected by maternal rhesus (Rh) status by comparing the primigravida pregnancy outcomes of Rh-negative women with those of Rh-positive women. @*Methods@#The study data were collected from the Korea National Health Insurance Claims Database and the National Health Screening Program for Infants and Children. In total, 1,664,882 primigravida women who gave birth between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2014, were enrolled in this study. As the risk and severity of sensitization response increases with each subsequent pregnancy, only primigravida women were enrolled. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to Rh status, and the pregnancy outcomes were compared. @*Results@#In total, 1,661,320 women in the Rh-positive group and 3,290 in the Rh-negative group were assessed. With regard to adverse pregnancy outcomes, there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of the prevalence of preeclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage, abruptio placenta, placenta previa, and uterine artery embolization. A univariate analysis revealed that none of the adverse pregnancy outcomes were significantly correlated to Rh status (preeclampsia: odds ratio [OR], 1.00, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.81–1.23; postpartum hemorrhage: OR, 1.10, 95% CI, 0.98–1.24; abruptio placenta: OR, 0.80, 95% CI, 0.46–1.37; and placenta previa: OR, 1.08, 95% CI, 0.78–1.42). The adjusted ORs of postpartum hemorrhage and preterm birth did not significantly differ. @*Conclusion@#Maternal Rh status is not associated with adverse outcomes in primigravida women.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716659

ABSTRACT

Although gravid uterine incarceration is typically diagnosed during the early second trimester, we encountered two unusual cases in early pregnancy. A 34-year-old multiparous woman with adenomyosis presented at 7 + 2 weeks of gestation with increased urinary frequency and a sensation of incomplete bladder emptying. The uterine incarceration was successfully reduced by manual reduction and pessary insertion, and she delivered a normal infant at term. In the second case, a 31-year-old nulliparous woman with a large myoma complained of dysuria, acute urinary retention, and intense back pain at 6 weeks of gestation. Manual reduction was successful in the knee-chest position. Subsequent pessary insertion failed; however, a slight reduction in pain was achieved. After a week, the fetus spontaneously aborted. In summary, gravid uterine incarceration is a rare but potentially fatal condition for the fetus, and a suspicion of this condition in patients with urinary symptoms, especially urinary retention and pelvic pain, is important in the early gestation period.


Subject(s)
Adenomyosis , Adult , Back Pain , Dysuria , Female , Fetus , Humans , Infant , Knee-Chest Position , Myoma , Pelvic Pain , Pessaries , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Sensation , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Retention , Uterine Diseases , Uterus
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758543

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There have been many voices highlighting the necessity of preconception care as a preventive approach to achieve better pregnancy outcomes for health promotion of mothers and babies. It is important to get preconception care for both men and women, as they play equally important roles for healthy pregnancy. Also, awareness and knowledge of men and women about their health are important factors for behavioral changes for preconception care. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of awareness about men and women's preconception care and knowledge of the determinants of healthy pregnancy by gender. Our second goal was to compare men and women's level of awareness and knowledge on it. METHODS: The participants were 500 males and females (aged over 19 years and under 49 years old) either living or working in Seoul city. The data collection period of the study was from July to December, 2017. An online survey was conducted using a panel of online vendors. Then the collected data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0. RESULTS: Awareness about both men and women's preconception care was significantly higher in women than in men (p=0.004, p=0.002). Furthermore, there was a significant difference between men and women (p=0.00) in the total score of knowledge on the determinants of preconception care, including smoking, alcohol drinking, age, folic acid intake, and check-up for infectious disease (p=0.00; means women 8.20±1.95 and men 7.27±2.38). Significant gender differences were also found on some items, such as men's alcohol drinking, men's age, men's check-up for infectious disease, women's intake of folic acid, women's check-up for infectious disease. The level of knowledge on men's folic acid intake was the lowest in both men and women. CONCLUSION: Based on the results on the analysis of gender differences in the awareness and knowledge about preconception care, it is necessary to develop and implement preconception care programs based on the gender perspective approach to make women and men equally share responsibility of the birth result.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Commerce , Communicable Diseases , Data Collection , Female , Folic Acid , Health Promotion , Humans , Male , Mothers , Parturition , Preconception Care , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Seoul , Smoke , Smoking , Voice
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The rates of participation in the Korean nationwide cervical cancer screening program and the rates of abnormal test results were determined. METHODS: The database of the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) was used during the study period (2009–2014). RESULTS: The participation rate increased from 41.10% in 2009 to 51.52% in 2014 (annual percentage change, 4.126%; 95% confidence interval [CI]=2.253–6.034). During the study period, women ≥70 years of age had the lowest rate of participation (range, 21.7%–31.9%) and those 30–39 years of age the second-lowest (27.7%–44.9%). The participation rates of National Health Insurance beneficiaries (range, 48.6%–52.5%) were higher than those of Medical Aid Program (MAP) recipients (29.6%–33.2%). The rates of abnormal results were 0.65% in 2009 and 0.52% in 2014, with a decreasing tendency in all age groups except the youngest (30–39 years). Every year the abnormal result rates tended to decrease with age, from the age groups of 30–39 years to 60–69 years but increased in women ≥70 years of age. The ratio of patients with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance compared with those with squamous intraepithelial lesions increased from 2.71 in 2009 to 4.91 in 2014. CONCLUSION: Differences related to age and occurring over time were found in the rates of participation and abnormal results. Further efforts are needed to encourage participation in cervical cancer screening, especially for MAP recipients, elderly women and women 30–39 years of age. Quality control measures for cervical cancer screening programs should be enforced consistently.


Subject(s)
Aged , Atypical Squamous Cells of the Cervix , Early Detection of Cancer , Female , Humans , Korea , Mass Screening , National Health Programs , Papanicolaou Test , Quality Control , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192009

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether local bupivacaine injection into the incision site after gynecologic laparoendoscopic single site surgery (LESS) improves postoperative pain. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included consecutive 158 patients who had LESS for benign adnexal disease from March 2013 to December 2015. Chronologically, 82 patients (March 2013 to August 2014) received no bupivacaine (group 1) and 76 (August 2014 to December 2015) received a bupivacaine block (group 2). For group 2, 10 mL 0.25% bupivacaine was injected into the 20 mm-incision site through all preperitoneal layers after LESS completion. Primary outcome is postoperative pain score using the visual analog scale (VAS). RESULTS: There was no difference in clinicopathological characteristics between the groups. Operating time (expressed as median [range], 92 [55–222] vs. 100 [50–185] minutes, P=0.137) and estimated blood loss (50 [30–1,500] vs. 125 [30–1,000] mL, P=0.482) were similar between the groups. Post-surgical VAS pain scores after 3 hours (3.5 [2–6] vs. 3.5 [2–5], P=0.478), 6 to 8 hours (3.5 [2–6] vs. 3 [1–8], P=0.478), and 16 to 24 hours (3 [2–4] vs. 3 [1–7], P=0.664) did not differ between groups. CONCLUSION: Bupivacaine injection into the trocar site did not improve postoperative pain after LESS. Randomized trials are needed to evaluate the benefits of local bupivacaine anesthetic for postoperative pain reduction.


Subject(s)
Adnexal Diseases , Anesthesia, Local , Bupivacaine , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pain, Postoperative , Prospective Studies , Surgical Instruments , Visual Analog Scale
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 798-804, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77283

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the regulatory T cells in cord blood of appropriate for gestational age (AGA) neonates with those of small for gestational age (SGA) neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Umbilical cord blood was collected upon labor in 108 healthy full-term (between 37 and 41 gestational weeks) neonates, who were born between November 2010 and April 2012. Among them, 77 samples were obtained from AGA neonates, and 31 samples were obtained from SGA neonates. Regulatory T cells and lymphocyte subsets were determined using a flow cytometer. Student's t-test for independent samples was used to compare differences between AGA and SGA neonates. RESULTS: Regulatory T cells in cord blood were increased in the SGA group compared with normal controls (p=0.041). However, cytotoxic T cells in cord blood were significantly decreased in the SGA group compared with normal controls (p=0.007). CONCLUSION: This is the first study to compare the distribution of lymphocyte subsets including regulatory T cells in cord blood between AGA neonates and SGA neonates.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/metabolism , Female , Fetal Blood/immunology , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn/blood , Infant, Small for Gestational Age/blood , Lymphocyte Count , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/metabolism
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the placental weight, volume, and density, and investigate the significance of placental ratios in pregnancies complicated by small for gestational age (SGA), preeclampsia (PE), and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-four pregnant women were enrolled from August 2005 through July 2013. Participants were divided into four groups: control (n=82), SGA (n=37), PE (n=102), and GDM (n=33). The PE group was classified as PE without intrauterine growth restriction (n=65) and PE with intrauterine growth restriction (n=37). Birth weight, placental weight, placental volume, placental density, and placental ratios including birth weight/placental weight ratio (BPW) and birth weight/placental volume ratio (BPV) were compared between groups. RESULTS: Birth weight, placental weight, and placental volume were lower in the SGA group than in the control group. However, the BPW and BPV did not differ between the two groups. Birth weight, placental weight, placental volume, BPW, and BPV were all significantly lower in the PE group than in the control group. Compared with the control group, birth weight, BPW, and BPV were higher in the GDM group, whereas placental weight and volume did not differ in the two groups. Placental density was not significantly different among the four groups. CONCLUSION: Placental ratios based on placental weight, placental volume, placental density, and birth weight are helpful in understanding the pathophysiology of complicated pregnancies. Moreover, they can be used as predictors of pregnancy complications.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Diabetes, Gestational , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Parturition , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 494-499, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149920

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, COMMD1 has been identified as a novel interactor and regulator of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and nuclear factor kappa B transcriptional activity. The goal of this study was to determine the difference of COMMD1 expression in the placentas of women with normal and preeclamptic (PE) pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immnoperoxidase and immunofluorescent staining for COMMD1 was performed on nine normal and nine severe PE placental tissues, and COMMD1 mRNA expression was quantified by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The expression of mRNA of COMMD1 was significantly higher in the study group than in the control group. The immunoreactivity was higher especially in the syncytiotrophoblast of PE placentas than in the control group. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated increased placental COMMD1 expression in women with severe preeclampsia compared to that found in women with normal pregnancies, and this finding might contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of preeclampsia.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Adult , Female , Humans , Placenta/metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia/metabolism , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103563

ABSTRACT

Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is rare but potentially life-threatening from excessive vaginal bleeding. All uterine AVMs reported to date have been found in the endometrial or myometrial layers. Here we present a patient with a subserosal type AVM on the fundus of uterus, which spontaneously ruptured.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Malformations , Embolization, Therapeutic , Humans , Rupture, Spontaneous , Uterine Hemorrhage , Uterus
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-73422

ABSTRACT

In case of intrauterine pregnancy with an intrauterine device (IUD), it is recommended to remove the device because of the increased risk of abortions, septic complications and premature delivery. But removal of intrauterine devices in early pregnancy remains a troublesome problem for both doctors and patients, especially when IUD threads are not visible at the external os. If the thread of the IUD is not visible, extraction with hysteroscopy and ultrasonic guidance is advised. But due to postoperative complications such as uterine rupture or bleeding and electrolyte imbalance, many doctors prefer not to perform the procedure. IUD removal is scarcely performed that there are only 2 successful cases which were reported in Korea until today. Recently we experienced a case of an early pregnant woman with IUD in whom thread was invisible at the cervical os and IUD removal was attempted and successfully performed by ultrasound guided hysteroscopy. Pregnancy was maintained without complications until 39th week and delivered healthy baby. So we report this case with the review of articles related.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Septic , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hysteroscopy , Intrauterine Devices , Korea , Postoperative Complications , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Ultrasonics , Uterine Rupture
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9567

ABSTRACT

Adenomyosis has been well known to be associated with infertility, spontaneous rupture of the uterus during labor in a primiparous woman, spontaneous preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), and delayed postpartum hemorrhage. We recently experienced a case of preterm delivery at 29 gestational weeks in a primigravid woman with uterine adenomyosis. We report the case of preterm delivery accompanied by various complications such as uncontrolled pain, preterm labor, and oligohydramnios in a woman with uterine adenomyosis.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adenomyosis , Female , Humans , Infertility , Membranes , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Oligohydramnios , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Rupture , Rupture, Spontaneous , Uterus
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182636

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate high-risk (HR) HPV DNA test to predict recurrence/residual disease in patients treated for CIN (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia). METHODS: Four hundred and fifty-two patients treated with LLETZ (large loop excision of the transformation zone) were followed by HR HPV DNA test, cytology and colposcopy. The sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic odds ratios in predicting recurrence/residual disease were compared to those of cytology and HPV DNA test. RESULTS: Fourteen patients (3.1 %) developed recurrent/residual disease, during follow up. Of these women, 7 were diagnosed at the time of recurrence with a CIN 1 lesion, 5 with a CIN 2 lesion, and 2 with a CIN 3 lesion. The sensitivity and specificity of the HPV DNA test were 92.9% (CI 68.5%, 98.7%) and 75.3% (71.1%, 79.1%). The sensitivity and specificity of the cytology were 71.4% (45.4%, 88.3%) and 92.5% (89.6%, 94.6%), respectively. The likelihood ratio of a positive and negative HPV DNA test were 3.77 (3.03, 4.69) and 0.09 (0.01, 0.63). And the likelihood ratio of a positive and negative cytology were 9.48 (5.95, 15.11) and 0.31 (0.13, 0.71). The accuracy of cytology and HPV DNA test were 94.7% and 78.3%. The sensitivity and specificity of the combination test (PAP and/or HPV DNA test) were 92.9% (68.5%, 98.7%) and 73.1% (68.7%, 77.0%). The likelihood ratio of a positive and negative combination test were 3.45 (2.79, 4.26) and 0.10 (0.01, 0.65). CONCLUSION: Cytology remains the base in the follow up after of CIN. HPV DNA test increase the sensitivity of cytology. Negative HPV test can rule out recurrent/residual disease.


Subject(s)
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Colposcopy , DNA , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Human Papillomavirus DNA Tests , Humans , Odds Ratio , Recurrence , Sensitivity and Specificity
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