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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907047

ABSTRACT

@#Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck. In recent years, the incidence rate has been increasing. Mitochondria are dynamic organelles involved in various cell behaviors in eukaryotic cells. Mitochondrial dysfunction is closely related to tumor development. As a switch that determines cancer cell death, targeting mitochondria has become the focus of OSCC treatment. This article reviews the relationship between mitochondria and tumorigenesis and development, OSCC treatment, and cisplatin resistant OSCC. Current studies have found that mitochondrial dysfunction promotes cell carcinogenesis, and the mitochondrial morphology and function of cancer cells are significantly changed. The increase of mitochondrial fission improves the invasiveness of cancer cells, and mitophagy dysfunction can induce cancer cell apoptosis. The emergence of drugs and the development of nanotechnology in targeted drug delivery systems have opened up new methods for targeting mitochondria to treat OSCC, reducing the side effects of systemic medication. The cisplatin resistance of OSCC is generated through the mitochondrial pathway, and the mitochondrial function and mutation mechanism of mitochondrial DNA are clarified in order to provide new ideas for targeting mitochondria to treat cisplatin resistant OSCC.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823090

ABSTRACT

@#The colonization of microorganisms planted on the surface of teeth and restoration materials is the main cause of oral disease and treatment failure. How to improve the antibacterial properties of dental materials is a hot topic in dentistry. Nano-sized antibacterial materials have attracted much attention. Among them, metal and metal oxide nanoparticles are prominent due to their strong and broad-spectrum antibacterial activity. Thus, in recent years, many studies have used metal and metal oxide nanoparticles to develop antimicrobial dental materials for resin restoration, root canal therapy, orthodontic treatment, and implant surface and removable denture repair and have found that the antibacterial properties of nano-sized materials are significantly enhanced. However, the mechanical properties and esthetic properties of the modified materials are affected, so it is still necessary to explore appropriate modification methods. In addition, most of the experiments are carried out in vitro, which cannot accurately simulate the oral environment. Therefore, the antibacterial effect, cytotoxicity and immune response of these materials in vivo still need further research and exploration. This paper reviewed the potential antibacterial mechanisms and the safety of those nanoparticles and their applications in dentistry.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821965

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, due to precise control of the amorphous mineral precursor in the demineralization of dentine collagen fibers in orderly deposition, forming apatite crystals similar to the natural mineralized dentin, the bottom-up remineralization approach which does not depend on the existence of seed crystallites, dentin biomimetic mineralization techniques gradually become a hotspot in the research field of restoration of demineralized dentin caused by dental caries. This paper reviews the changing concepts and practices of the remineralization of demineralized dentin, emphasizing biomimetic remineralization studies. The results of the literature review show that the traditional dentin remineralization method is usually a disordered mixture of demineralized dentin and minerals, so mineralized dentin is not comparable to natural mineralized dentin in terms of the morphological characteristics and mechanical properties. With its gradual increase in recent years, dentine biomimetic mineralization technology perfectly resembles the minerals in the dentin overlapping sequence arranged with the dentine collagen fiber structure characteristics, leading to greatly improved microstructural, physical and chemical properties. As a result, dentine biomimetic mineralization technology is expected to achieve new breakthroughs in the fields of resin-dentin bonding mixing layers and the decay of dentin. At present, the technical obstacles that need to be overcome in the clinical application of the biomimetic remineralization of dentin are how to continuously supplement all the active ingredients needed for mineralization in the process of remineralization and how to keep the mechanical properties of the parent material unchanged while slowly releasing all ingredients. Researchers have successively proposed three-step transportation of the biomimetic remineralization of raw materials, as well as the preparation of mineralization precursors stabilized by polymers in advance and the reuse of mesoporous silicon nanomaterials for the transportation of the mineralized ingredient system. The concept described above provides the preliminary in vitro experimental basis for the transformation of the biomimetic remineralization strategy of dentin in clinical applications.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777781

ABSTRACT

@#Bone is a hierarchically structured and highly mineralized hard tissue composed of an organic phase (type I collagen and noncollagenous proteins) and an inorganic phase (nanohydroxyapatite). Intrafibrillar mineralized collagen is the basic structural unit of bone tissue and is of high significance due to its superior mechanical and biological properties. Thus, to truly understand the unique properties of bone, it is necessary to review the most basic structural level of bone. In this article, we review the recent advances in understanding the development of intrafibrillar mineralization and the prevailing theories in the formation of such intrafibrillar minerals. Understanding the mechanisms of intrafibrillar mineralization may facilitate the development of engineered bone for clinical applications and provide deeper insight into the nature of biomineralization.

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