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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927106

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Although chronotropic incompetence (CI) is common in patients with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) and is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes, few data are available regarding modifiable predictors of CI in this escalating patient population. We tested the hypothesis that higher levels of physical activity (PA) are associated with a lower prevalence of CI in patients with complex CHD and evaluated the receiver operating characteristic curve to identify the PA level that best predicted CI. @*Methods@#We evaluated 111 adolescents with complex CHD. CI was defined as the failure to achieve 80% of the chronotropic response index during peak cardiopulmonary exercise test. Self-reported habitual activity was obtained using a global PA questionnaire. @*Results@#CI was identified in 45 of the 111 cases (40.5%). After adjusting for potential confounding variables, the high PA group demonstrated a lower odds ratio for having CI (odds ratios, 0.25; 95% confidence interval, 0.06‒0.99) compared with the low PA group. The most accurate cut-point for PA to predict the prevalence of CI was 15 metabolic equivalents (METs)-hours/week (areas under the curve, 0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.61‒0.81; sensitivity, 71%; specificity, 69%). @*Conclusion@#Our findings demonstrate that higher levels of PA are associated with a lower prevalence of CI, independent of potential confounders, and that 15 METs-hours/week of PA provides a cut-point for accurately predicting the presence of CI in adolescents with complex CHD.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898223

ABSTRACT

Background@#Sarcopenia is defined as the loss of skeletal muscle mass and is associated with negative clinical outcomes. This study aimed to establish sex-specific cutoff values for the skeletal muscle area (SMA) and skeletal muscle index (SMI) at the third lumbar vertebral (L3) level using computed tomography (CT) imaging to identify sarcopenia in healthy Korean liver donors. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 659 healthy liver donors (408 men and 251 women) aged 20 to 60 years who had undergone abdominal CT examinations between January 2017 and December 2018. Assessment of body composition was performed with an automated segmentation technique using a deep-learning system. Sex-specific SMA and SMI distributions were assessed, and cutoff values for determining sarcopenia were defined as values at either two standard deviations (SDs) below the mean reference value or below the fifth percentile. @*Results@#Using the SD definition, cutoff values for SMA and SMI were 117.04 cm2 and 39.33 cm2/m2, respectively, in men and 71.39 cm2 and 27.77 cm2/m2, respectively, in women. Using the fifth percentile definition, cutoff values for SMA and SMI were 126.88 cm2 and 40.96 cm2/m2, respectively, in men and 78.85 cm2 and 30.60 cm2/m2, respectively, in women. @*Conclusion@#Our data provide sex-specific cutoff values for the SMA and SMI at the L3 level measured by CT imaging in a healthy Korean population, which may be applicable for identifying sarcopenia in this population.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890519

ABSTRACT

Background@#Sarcopenia is defined as the loss of skeletal muscle mass and is associated with negative clinical outcomes. This study aimed to establish sex-specific cutoff values for the skeletal muscle area (SMA) and skeletal muscle index (SMI) at the third lumbar vertebral (L3) level using computed tomography (CT) imaging to identify sarcopenia in healthy Korean liver donors. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 659 healthy liver donors (408 men and 251 women) aged 20 to 60 years who had undergone abdominal CT examinations between January 2017 and December 2018. Assessment of body composition was performed with an automated segmentation technique using a deep-learning system. Sex-specific SMA and SMI distributions were assessed, and cutoff values for determining sarcopenia were defined as values at either two standard deviations (SDs) below the mean reference value or below the fifth percentile. @*Results@#Using the SD definition, cutoff values for SMA and SMI were 117.04 cm2 and 39.33 cm2/m2, respectively, in men and 71.39 cm2 and 27.77 cm2/m2, respectively, in women. Using the fifth percentile definition, cutoff values for SMA and SMI were 126.88 cm2 and 40.96 cm2/m2, respectively, in men and 78.85 cm2 and 30.60 cm2/m2, respectively, in women. @*Conclusion@#Our data provide sex-specific cutoff values for the SMA and SMI at the L3 level measured by CT imaging in a healthy Korean population, which may be applicable for identifying sarcopenia in this population.

4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 162-166, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742488

ABSTRACT

The creation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a widely performed technique to relieve portal hypertension, and to manage recurrent variceal bleeding and refractory ascites in patients where medical and/or endoscopic treatments have failed. However, portosystemic shunt creation can be challenging in the presence of chronic portal vein occlusion. In this case report, we describe a minimally invasive endovascular mesocaval shunt creation with transsplenic approach for the management of recurrent variceal bleeding in a portal hypertension patient with intra- and extrahepatic portal vein occlusion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Chronic Disease , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnostic imaging , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/therapy , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Humans , Jejunum/pathology , Portacaval Shunt, Surgical , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Portal Vein/pathology , Portal Vein/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/therapy
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