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1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901260

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to review the current postpartum care service system and suggest measures of improvement for the public reinforcement of the private-postpartum care center (PCC). We conducted a review of literature, including an internet search, and we analyzed the in-depth interviews using questionnaires answered by workers from the 6 private-PCCs operated in Goyang city. Using these data, we derived possible measures which could improve the publicity of private-PCCs. It was found that the 11 nationwide public-PCCs had serious operating deficits, and its utilization by the vulnerable was insufficient. In areas where private-PCCs are concentrated, we can propose the following policies to strengthen publicity, rather than establishing another public-PCC. First, it is important to provide support for private-PCCs to apply cost reductions for vulnerable groups, similar to the maternal and newborn medical care of public-PCCs. Second, publicity would be strengthened by reorganizing the pregnancy and childbirth education program, while also offering additional services for mothers with stillbirths and abortions. For the integrated management of postpartum care services, this should be shifted towards reinforcing the publicity of private-PCCs, rather than operating a public-PCC in relatively concentrated private-PCC areas. Through these policies, it is expected that financial and administrative waste will be reduced, and an integrated management system for postpartum care services will be established.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899883

ABSTRACT

Background@#Emergency departments (EDs) generally receive many casualties in disaster or mass casualty incidents (MCI). Some studies have conceptually suggested the surge capacity that ED should have; however, only few studies have investigated measurable numbers in one community. This study investigated the surge capacity of the specific number of accommodatable patients and overall preparedness at EDs in a metropolitan city. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional study officially surveyed surge capacity and disaster preparedness for all regional and local emergency medical centers (EMC) in Seoul with the Seoul Metropolitan Government's public health division. This study developed survey items on space, staff, stuff, and systems, which are essential elements of surge capacity. The number of patients acceptable for each ED was investigated by triage level in ordinary and crisis situations. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed on hospital resource variables related to surge capacity. @*Results@#In the second half of 2018, a survey was conducted targeting 31 EMC directors in Seoul. It was found that all regional and local EMCs in Seoul can accommodate 848 emergency patients and 537 non-emergency patients in crisis conditions. In ordinary situations, one EMC could accommodate an average of 1.3 patients with Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS) level 1, 3.1 patients with KTAS level 2, and 5.7 patients with KTAS level 3. In situations of crisis, this number increased to 3.4, 7.8, and 16.2, respectively. There are significant differences in surge capacity between ordinary and crisis conditions. The difference in surge capacity between regional and local EMC was not significant. In both ordinary and crisis conditions, only the total number of hospital beds were significantly associated with surge capacity. @*Conclusion@#If the hospital's emergency transport system is ideally accomplished, patients arising from average MCI can be accommodated in Seoul. However, in a huge disaster, it may be challenging to handle the current surge capacity. More detailed follow-up studies are needed to prepare a surge capacity protocol in the community.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893556

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to review the current postpartum care service system and suggest measures of improvement for the public reinforcement of the private-postpartum care center (PCC). We conducted a review of literature, including an internet search, and we analyzed the in-depth interviews using questionnaires answered by workers from the 6 private-PCCs operated in Goyang city. Using these data, we derived possible measures which could improve the publicity of private-PCCs. It was found that the 11 nationwide public-PCCs had serious operating deficits, and its utilization by the vulnerable was insufficient. In areas where private-PCCs are concentrated, we can propose the following policies to strengthen publicity, rather than establishing another public-PCC. First, it is important to provide support for private-PCCs to apply cost reductions for vulnerable groups, similar to the maternal and newborn medical care of public-PCCs. Second, publicity would be strengthened by reorganizing the pregnancy and childbirth education program, while also offering additional services for mothers with stillbirths and abortions. For the integrated management of postpartum care services, this should be shifted towards reinforcing the publicity of private-PCCs, rather than operating a public-PCC in relatively concentrated private-PCC areas. Through these policies, it is expected that financial and administrative waste will be reduced, and an integrated management system for postpartum care services will be established.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892179

ABSTRACT

Background@#Emergency departments (EDs) generally receive many casualties in disaster or mass casualty incidents (MCI). Some studies have conceptually suggested the surge capacity that ED should have; however, only few studies have investigated measurable numbers in one community. This study investigated the surge capacity of the specific number of accommodatable patients and overall preparedness at EDs in a metropolitan city. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional study officially surveyed surge capacity and disaster preparedness for all regional and local emergency medical centers (EMC) in Seoul with the Seoul Metropolitan Government's public health division. This study developed survey items on space, staff, stuff, and systems, which are essential elements of surge capacity. The number of patients acceptable for each ED was investigated by triage level in ordinary and crisis situations. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed on hospital resource variables related to surge capacity. @*Results@#In the second half of 2018, a survey was conducted targeting 31 EMC directors in Seoul. It was found that all regional and local EMCs in Seoul can accommodate 848 emergency patients and 537 non-emergency patients in crisis conditions. In ordinary situations, one EMC could accommodate an average of 1.3 patients with Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS) level 1, 3.1 patients with KTAS level 2, and 5.7 patients with KTAS level 3. In situations of crisis, this number increased to 3.4, 7.8, and 16.2, respectively. There are significant differences in surge capacity between ordinary and crisis conditions. The difference in surge capacity between regional and local EMC was not significant. In both ordinary and crisis conditions, only the total number of hospital beds were significantly associated with surge capacity. @*Conclusion@#If the hospital's emergency transport system is ideally accomplished, patients arising from average MCI can be accommodated in Seoul. However, in a huge disaster, it may be challenging to handle the current surge capacity. More detailed follow-up studies are needed to prepare a surge capacity protocol in the community.

5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920238

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Although sound-field speech recognition test is an essential evaluation method to verify the benefit of hearing aids, the aided sound-field speech recognition test has not been used as a standard audiometric protocol. This study investigated whether a traditional measure of unaided speech recognition measured at an individual’s most comfortable level (MCL) can predict aided speech recognition performance and the benefit of hearing aids.Subjects and Method One hundred twenty-one ears (72 adult hearing aid users) with moderate, moderately severe, and severe degrees of hearing loss were tested. The word recognition score (WRS) and sentence recognition score (SRS) were measured at MCLs using earphones (earphone WRS and earphone SRS). From the sound-field speech audiometry, both unaided and aided WRS and SRS were evaluated at an average conversational speech level (at 65 dB SPL) using a loudspeaker (located at 0° azimuth, 1 m). This study determined the differences between earphone scores (at MCL) and aided recognition scores (at 65 dB SPL), which is known as earphone to aided difference (EAD). Also, the hearing aid benefit was simply derived by differences between the unaided and aided scores, both measured at 65 dB SPL. @*Results@#The differences between the unaided and aided scores were significantly lower with a higher degree of hearing loss, yet the earphone scores measured at MCLs did not differ across varied hearing loss. More than half of the tested ears had the EAD of greater than ±10%. The ears with a higher degree of hearing loss tended to have +EAD (earphone score>aided score), whereas the ears with less hearing loss showed -EAD (earphone score≤aided score). The earphone score measured at MCLs was not a predominant contributor to predict either aided performance or hearing aid benefit. @*Conclusion@#Clinicians should not assume that the unaided speech recognition score measured with earphones at MCL can accurately predict aided speech recognition or the benefit of hearing aids. Instead, it is crucial to directly assess aided sound-field speech recognition performance at a conversational speech level.

6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920193

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#A Korean Matrix Sentence Test is one of the adaptive tests used to evaluate speech intelligibility in noise. The present study aimed to investigate the influence of measurement procedure (presentation level and mode) on the Korean matrix sentence-in-noise intelligibility of normal-hearing listeners.Subjects and Method Twenty-seven normal-hearing adults participated in the study. The speech reception threshold (SRT) was determined using a software-based adaptive procedure, which converges on the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), corresponding to 50% intelligibility. The speech or speech-shaped noise was given at three presentation levels based on the previous categorical loudness judgments (between soft and medium: 55 dB SPL, medium: 65 dB SPL, and loud level: 80 dB SPL). The effect of the presentation mode was explored by fixing either the sentence level or noise level, while the noise or sentence level was adaptively adjusted according to the subject’s response. @*Results@#The presentation level significantly affected the SRTs, whereas the SRTs did not depend on the presentation mode. The sentence-in-noise intelligibility was similar between 55 and 65 dB SPL, yet the sentence-in-noise intelligibility significantly decreased at 80 dB SPL regardless of the presentation mode. Correlation analyses showed moderate to high positive correlations among the results of two presentation modes. @*Conclusion@#A presentation level of 55 or 65 dB SPL yielded comparable adaptive measurement results for normal-hearing subjects, yet the sentence-in-nose intelligibility became worse at 80 dB SPL. Clinicians should be careful with the influence of the presentation level when identifying speech-in-noise intelligibility.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920187

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Auditory training involves active listening to auditory stimuli, and it has garnered attention in recent years because it enhances speech-in-noise recognition and the satisfaction of hearing aids. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a closed-set auditory training protocol for adult hearing aid users. We also evaluated the retention effect of training at a 1-month follow-up test after the completion of training. @*Subjects and Methods@#Twenty-two hearing-impaired listeners who have used bilateral hearing aids for more than two months participated in this study. Out of 22 participants, 12 participants (training group, TG) received an 8-week auditory training while 10 participants did not receive any training (non-training group, NTG). For training, three types of closed-set training materials (environmental sounds, words, and sentences) were used. The training was conducted eight times over eight weeks (one session per week, about one hour per session). The difficulty level was adjusted by controlling the number of closed-set choices and the signal-to-noise ratios. To determine the efficacy of training, open-set speech recognition abilities and subjective hearing aid satisfaction were evaluated. @*Results@#All the open-set speech recognition performances of the TG were enhanced after the closed-set auditory training, while the performance of the NTG was not significantly changed. The auditory training had a positive impact on the TG individuals’ subjective satisfaction of hearing aids. The improvement from training was maintained over one month after the completion of the auditory training. @*Conclusion@#The closed-set auditory training protocol might lead to enhanced speech understanding as well as more satisfaction with hearing aids for adult hearing aid users.

8.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1164-1170, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to understand borderline personality disorder (BPD) features by employing the Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) scales from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2). @*Methods@#A total of 156 psychiatric patients completed PSY-5 scales of MMPI-2 and Personality Assessment Inventory-Borderline Subscale (PAI-BOR). Pearson’s partial correlation analysis was conducted to control the impact of age and gender and to determine the relationship between PSY-5 scales and BOR. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was implemented to examine whether PSY-5 scales predicted the BOR-total, and a path analysis was performed to determine whether PSY-5 scales predicted each PAI-BOR subscale. @*Results@#The BOR-total score had a significant correlation with all PSY-5 scores, even after controlling for age and gender. However, only aggressiveness (AGGR), disconstraint (DISC), negative emotionalityeuroticism (NEGE), and introversion/low positive emotionality (INTR), excluding psychoticism (PSYC), significantly predicted BOR-total. The path analysis indicates that PSYC did not predict any BOR subscale, while NEGE predicted all BOR subscales. @*Conclusion@#The study findings indicate that NEGE best reflects BPD features, while PSYC is far from the core domain that describes BPD. In addition, the influence of age should be considered when understanding BPD, since age predicted the BOR-total and two BOR subscales.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913483

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There are few reports on the therapeutic effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists in boys with central precocious puberty, and studies reported in Korea are very rare. We aimed to assess the significance of clinical factors and the effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment on final adult height in boys diagnosed with central precocious puberty. @*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of 18 boys treated for idiopathic central precocious puberty between 2007 and 2018 at Chosun University Hospital. Gestational age, birth weight, and parental height were assessed at the initial visit. Chronological age, bone age, bone age/chronological age ratio, height and height standard deviation scores, predicted adult height, body mass index, and hormone levels were assessed during the treatment period. @*Results@#At the time of diagnosis, the chronological age was 9.9±0.6 years, the bone age was 11.6±1.0 years, and the bone age/chronological age ratio was 1.20±0.1. The bone age/chronological age ratio decreased significantly to 1.12±0.1 at the end of treatment (P<0.05). The luteinizing hormone/follicular stimulating hormone ratios were 3.4±1.2, 0.6±0.4, and 0.6±1.0 at the start of treatment, after 1 year of treatment, and at the end of treatment, respectively. After gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment, the final adult height reached 172.0±4.8 cm compared to the target height range of 171.0±4.0 cm. @*Conclusion@#In boys with central precocious puberty, gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment improved growth potential.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875137

ABSTRACT

With the increase in the number of cases of silicone implant insertion either for cosmetic surgery or breast reconstruction after mastectomy, it is not unusual to encounter patients with silicone implants in clinical settings. Recently, the first case of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma was reported in Korea. In addition to previously known complications, such as implant rupture or contracture, the number of implant-associated imaging examinations has also increased. Considering this background, radiologists should have sufficient knowledge about the type of examination required in patients who have undergone implant insertion and imaging findings to correctly identify implant-associated complications. In this article, various complications of silicone implants are discussed, including various imaging findings, which radiologists should know.

11.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831983

ABSTRACT

Background@#Accessory bones and tarsal coalitions are the most common developmental variations of the foot and ankle. However, their clinical implications are not well understood because there is no established prevalence data in the normal population and the reported prevalence varies widely. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the incidence of accessory ossicles and tarsal coalitions in a healthy, asymptomatic Korean population. @*Methods@#A total of 448 healthy, asymptomatic participants (224 men and 224 women; 896 feet) were enrolled and stratified by age and sex. To investigate the presence of accessory bones and tarsal coalitions in the foot and ankle, we obtained the weight-bearing standing radiographs (anteroposterior and lateral views) from each participant. @*Results@#Accessory ossicles were found in 49.2% of the healthy, asymptomatic Korean adults. The prevalence of accessory bones in adults was the highest with 34% for the accessory navicular, 5.8% for the os trigonum, 3.9% for the os peroneum, and 1.7% for the os subfibulare. The prevalence of tarsal coalitions in adults was 0.4% and that of symphalangism was 16% for the fourth toe and 80.6% for the fifth toe. The frequency of the accessory navicular and fifth toe symphalangism was significantly higher in women. Most of the accessory navicular and fourth and fifth toe symphalangism were bilateral, whereas the os subfibulare was mostly unilateral. @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of accessory bones and tarsal coalitions in the healthy, asymptomatic Korean population showed some variation according to age and sex.

12.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831695

ABSTRACT

Background@#Except for data in the Korea Hemophilia Foundation Registry, little is known of the epidemiology of congenital bleeding disorders in Korea. @*Methods@#Data were obtained from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) database. @*Results@#From 2010 to 2015, there were 2,029 patients with congenital bleeding disorders in the Korean HIRA database: 38% (n = 775) of these patients had hemophilia A (HA), 25% (n = 517) had von Willebrand disease (vWD), 7% (n = 132) had hemophilia B (HB), and 25% (n = 513) had less common factor deficiencies. The estimated age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) of HA and HB was 1.78–3.15/100,000 and 0.31–0.51/100,000, respectively. That of vWD was 1.38–1.95/100,000. The estimated ASR of HA showed increase over time though the number of new patients did not increase. Most patients with congenital bleeding disorders were younger than 19 years old (47.8%), and most were registered in Gyeonggi (22.1%) and Seoul (19.2%). @*Conclusion@#This is the first nationwide population-based study of congenital bleeding disorders in Korea. This study provides data that will enable more accurate estimations of patients with vWD. This information will help advance the comprehensive care of congenital bleeding disorders. We need to continue to obtain more detailed information on patients to improve the management of these diseases.

13.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831549

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hereditary hemolytic anemia (HHA) is a rare disease characterized by premature red blood cell (RBC) destruction due to intrinsic RBC defects. The RBC Disorder Working Party of the Korean Society of Hematology established and updated the standard operating procedure for making an accurate diagnosis of HHA since 2007. The aim of this study was to investigate a nationwide epidemiology of Korean HHA. @*Methods@#We collected the data of a newly diagnosed pediatric HHA cohort (2007–2016) and compared this cohort's characteristics with those of a previously surveyed pediatric HHA cohort (1997–2006) in Korea. Each participant's information was retrospectively collected by a questionnaire survey. @*Results@#A total of 369 children with HHA from 38 hospitals distributed in 16 of 17 districts of Korea were investigated. RBC membranopathies, hemoglobinopathies, RBC enzymopathies, and unknown etiologies accounted for 263 (71.3%), 59 (16.0%), 23 (6.2%), and 24 (6.5%) of the cases, respectively. Compared to the cohort from the previous decade, the proportions of hemoglobinopathies and RBC enzymopathies significantly increased (P < 0.001 and P = 0.008, respectively). Twenty-three of the 59 hemoglobinopathy patients had immigrant mothers, mostly from South-East Asia. @*Conclusion@#In Korea, thalassemia traits have increased over the past 10 years, reflecting both increased awareness of this disease and increased international marriages. The enhanced recognition of RBC enzymopathies is due to advances in diagnostic technique; however, 6.5% of HHA patients still do not have a clear diagnosis. It is necessary to improve accessibility of diagnosing HHA.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889006

ABSTRACT

The first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Korea was reported in January 2020.As the secondary transmissions accelerated within the country, the government revised the outbreak alert for COVID-19 from attention to caution. Mid-February, when a massive outbreak was reported from a church in Daegu, our institution initiated testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). More than 300 laboratory tests were performed within the first 2 months, before the number of cases began to decline. Here, we describe our experience of 4 months at the department of Laboratory Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, located in Daegu, where a massive COVID-19 outbreak occurred.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896710

ABSTRACT

The first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Korea was reported in January 2020.As the secondary transmissions accelerated within the country, the government revised the outbreak alert for COVID-19 from attention to caution. Mid-February, when a massive outbreak was reported from a church in Daegu, our institution initiated testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). More than 300 laboratory tests were performed within the first 2 months, before the number of cases began to decline. Here, we describe our experience of 4 months at the department of Laboratory Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, located in Daegu, where a massive COVID-19 outbreak occurred.

16.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835571

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Although many studies have evaluated the effect of the digital noise reduction (DNR) algorithm of hearing aids (HAs) on speech recognition, there are few studies on the effect of DNR on music perception. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effect of DNR on music, in addition to speech perception, using objective and subjective measurements. @*Subjects and Methods@#Sixteen HA users participated in this study (58.00±10.44 years; 3 males and 13 females). The objective assessment of speech and music perception was based on the Korean version of the Clinical Assessment of Music Perception test and word and sentence recognition scores. Meanwhile, for the subjective assessment, the quality rating of speech and music as well as self-reported HA benefits were evaluated. @*Results@#There was no improvement conferred with DNR of HAs on the objective assessment tests of speech and music perception. The pitch discrimination at 262 Hz in the DNR-off condition was better than that in the unaided condition (p=0.024); however, the unaided condition and the DNR-on conditions did not differ. In the Korean music background questionnaire, responses regarding ease of communication were better in the DNR-on condition than in the DNR-off condition (p=0.029). @*Conclusions@#Speech and music perception or sound quality did not improve with the activation of DNR. However, DNR positively influenced the listener’s subjective listening comfort. The DNR-off condition in HAs may be beneficial for pitch discrimination at some frequencies.

17.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835565

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The Gaps-In-Noise (GIN) test is a clinically effective measure of the integrity of the central auditory nervous system. The GIN procedure can be applied to a pediatric population above 7 years of age. The present study conducted the GIN test to compare the abilities of auditory temporal resolution among typically developing children, children with speech sound disorder (SSD), and children with cognitive difficulty (CD). @*Subjects and Methods@#Children aged 8 to 11 years-(total n=30) participated in this study. There were 10 children in each of the following three groups: typically developing children, children with SSD, and children with CD. The Urimal Test of Articulation and Phonology was conducted as a clinical assessment of the children’s articulation and phonology. The Korean version of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III (K-WISC-III) was administered as a screening test for general cognitive function. According to the procedure of Musiek, the pre-recorded stimuli of the GIN test were presented at 50 dB SL. The results were scored by the approximated threshold and the overall percent correct score (%). @*Results@#All the typically developing children had normal auditory temporal resolution based on the clinical cutoff criteria of the GIN test. The children with SSD or CD had significantly reduced gap detection performance compared to age-matched typically developing children. The children’s intelligence score measured by the K-WISC-III test explained 37% of the variance in the percent-correct score. @*Conclusions@#Children with SSD or CD exhibited poorer ability to resolve rapid temporal acoustic cues over time compared to the age-matched typically developing children. The ability to detect a brief temporal gap embedded in a stimulus may be related to the general cognitive ability or phonological processing.

18.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830463

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The clinical significance of birth weight relative to gestational age in girls with central precocious puberty is unclear. This study sought to compare clinical parameters such as final adult height (FAH) and menarche onset after treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) on birth weight in girls with central precocious puberty treated. @*Methods@#This retrospective study reviewed data of 69 girls with precocious puberty who had reached their FAH in a long-term trial of GnRHa treatment between January 2007 and December 2017. The subjects were divided into small for gestational age (SGA) (n=19) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) (n=50) groups. @*Results@#When starting GnRHa treatment, bone age was 10.9±0.9 and 10.3±0.8 years in the SGA and AGA groups, respectively (P<0.05). The predicted adult height (PAH) (established according to the Bayley-Pinneau average table) and advanced PAH (established according to the Bayley-Pinneau advanced table) were 151.5±4.8 cm and 155.8±4.9 cm in the SGA group, respectively, and 153.4±5.3 cm and 159.0±6.0 cm in the AGA group. After treatment, no significant difference in bone age was found between the groups. The time to menarche after treatment was 12.5±7.6 and 21.1±12.3 months in the SGA and AGA groups, respectively (P<0.05). FAH in the SGA and AGA groups was 161.0±4.7 cm and 161.6±5.0 cm, respectively, without a significant difference. @*Conclusion@#SGA girls with precocious puberty have increased bone age and earlier menarche relative to AGA girls. However, no difference in FAH after treatment was found between these groups.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763517

ABSTRACT

Primary leiomyoma of the chest wall is extremely rare. A 13-month-old boy presented to outpatient clinic of the department of pediatrics with a soft, movable, and palpable mass in the right supraclavicular area. Neck computed tomography revealed a 2.5-cm-sized soft tissue mass in the right anterior supraclavicular area. The mass was completely resected, and histopathological examination showed a localized primary leiomyoma with cystic change. The patient was followed up and has been disease-free for more than 11 months since surgery. To the best of our knowledge, 13 cases of leiomyoma of the chest wall have been reported to date, but this is the second case of primary leiomyoma of the chest wall in a pediatric patient. This report describes the clinical course of this case and presents a review of relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Humans , Infant , Leiomyoma , Male , Neck , Pediatrics , Smooth Muscle Tumor , Thoracic Wall , Thorax
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761821

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between depression and aggression in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: This study used Korean version of Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI). SPSS/WIN 23.0 statistical program was used. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffé-test to know the differences in depression and aggression according to the general characteristics. The correlation between depression and aggression was analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to determine the effect of depression on aggression. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant effect on verbal and physical aggression according to sub-factors of depression. However. aggressive attitude due to emotional depression was statistically significant (β=.23, p=.031). CONCLUSION: If nurses recognize the psychological and emotional problems as well as the physical symptoms of patients with coronary artery disease and train themselves in a systematic manner, they will be able to return to their normal daily lives.


Subject(s)
Aggression , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Depression , Humans , Linear Models , Personality Assessment
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