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1.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 231-237, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898927

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to analyze the correlation between bone mineral density (BMD) and the type of 5th metatarsal fracture, as well as to demonstrate whether there is a difference in radiological findings (heel alignment angle [HAA], heel moment arm [HMA], and metatarsus angle) between fracture types. @*Methods@#A total of 87 patients were enrolled in the study and allocated into 3 groups: the Zone 1 group (N=36), the Zone 2 group (N=33), and the Zone 3 group (N=18). The participants’ demographic data, T-scores, existing fracture or osteoporosis medications, and radiologic parameters including HAA, HMA, and metatarsus adductus angle were analyzed and compared. @*Results@#There was a significant difference between the mean age of the participants, with the highest age in the Zone 1 group and the lowest in the Zone 3 group. Regarding the history of concurrent fracture or osteoporosis medications, there was no significant difference between the 3 groups. Similarly, no significant difference was observed between the 3 groups about the BMD values. In contrast, the HAA was statistically significant in all groups with a positive correlation of -8.9 in the Zone 1 group, a negative correlation of 3.55 in the Zone 2 group, and an inverse relationship of 6.1 in the Zone 3 group. The metatarsus adductus angle was significantly higher in the Zone 3 group than the Zone 1 and Zone 2 groups. @*Conclusions@#The location of a 5th metatarsal bone fracture is not significantly associated with BMD. However, mechanical influences, such as hindfoot varus or forefoot adductus, have a significant correlation with fracture types.

2.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 231-237, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891223

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to analyze the correlation between bone mineral density (BMD) and the type of 5th metatarsal fracture, as well as to demonstrate whether there is a difference in radiological findings (heel alignment angle [HAA], heel moment arm [HMA], and metatarsus angle) between fracture types. @*Methods@#A total of 87 patients were enrolled in the study and allocated into 3 groups: the Zone 1 group (N=36), the Zone 2 group (N=33), and the Zone 3 group (N=18). The participants’ demographic data, T-scores, existing fracture or osteoporosis medications, and radiologic parameters including HAA, HMA, and metatarsus adductus angle were analyzed and compared. @*Results@#There was a significant difference between the mean age of the participants, with the highest age in the Zone 1 group and the lowest in the Zone 3 group. Regarding the history of concurrent fracture or osteoporosis medications, there was no significant difference between the 3 groups. Similarly, no significant difference was observed between the 3 groups about the BMD values. In contrast, the HAA was statistically significant in all groups with a positive correlation of -8.9 in the Zone 1 group, a negative correlation of 3.55 in the Zone 2 group, and an inverse relationship of 6.1 in the Zone 3 group. The metatarsus adductus angle was significantly higher in the Zone 3 group than the Zone 1 and Zone 2 groups. @*Conclusions@#The location of a 5th metatarsal bone fracture is not significantly associated with BMD. However, mechanical influences, such as hindfoot varus or forefoot adductus, have a significant correlation with fracture types.

3.
Immune Network ; : e43-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898566

ABSTRACT

Capicua (CIC) is a transcriptional repressor that regulates several developmental processes. CIC deficiency results in lymphoproliferative autoimmunity accompanied by expansion of CD44hiCD62Llo effector/memory and follicular Th cell populations. Deletion of Cic alleles in hematopoietic stem cells (Vav1-Cre-mediated knockout of Cic) causes more severe autoimmunity than that caused by the knockout of Cic in CD4+CD8+ double positive thymocytes (Cd4-Cre-mediated knockout of Cic). In this study, we compared splenic CD4+ T cell activation and proliferation between whole immune cell-specific Cic-null (Cicf/f;Vav1-Cre) and T cell-specific Cic-null (Cicf/f;Cd4-Cre) mice. Hyperactivation and hyperproliferation of CD4+ T cells were more apparent in Cicf/f;Vav1-Cre mice than in Cicf/f;Cd4-Cre mice. Cicf/f;Vav1-Cre CD4+ T cells more rapidly proliferated and secreted larger amounts of IL-2 upon TCR stimulation than did Cicf/f;Cd4-Cre CD4+ T cells, while the TCR stimulation-induced activation of the TCR signaling cascade and calcium flux were comparable between them. Mixed wild-type and Cicf/f;Vav1-Cre bone marrow chimeras also exhibited more apparent hyperactivation and hyperproliferation of Cic-deficient CD4+ T cells than did mixed wild-type and Cicf/f;Cd4-Cre bone marrow chimeras. Taken together, our data demonstrate that CIC deficiency at the beginning of T cell development endows peripheral CD4+ T cells with enhanced T cell activation and proliferative capability.

4.
Immune Network ; : e43-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890862

ABSTRACT

Capicua (CIC) is a transcriptional repressor that regulates several developmental processes. CIC deficiency results in lymphoproliferative autoimmunity accompanied by expansion of CD44hiCD62Llo effector/memory and follicular Th cell populations. Deletion of Cic alleles in hematopoietic stem cells (Vav1-Cre-mediated knockout of Cic) causes more severe autoimmunity than that caused by the knockout of Cic in CD4+CD8+ double positive thymocytes (Cd4-Cre-mediated knockout of Cic). In this study, we compared splenic CD4+ T cell activation and proliferation between whole immune cell-specific Cic-null (Cicf/f;Vav1-Cre) and T cell-specific Cic-null (Cicf/f;Cd4-Cre) mice. Hyperactivation and hyperproliferation of CD4+ T cells were more apparent in Cicf/f;Vav1-Cre mice than in Cicf/f;Cd4-Cre mice. Cicf/f;Vav1-Cre CD4+ T cells more rapidly proliferated and secreted larger amounts of IL-2 upon TCR stimulation than did Cicf/f;Cd4-Cre CD4+ T cells, while the TCR stimulation-induced activation of the TCR signaling cascade and calcium flux were comparable between them. Mixed wild-type and Cicf/f;Vav1-Cre bone marrow chimeras also exhibited more apparent hyperactivation and hyperproliferation of Cic-deficient CD4+ T cells than did mixed wild-type and Cicf/f;Cd4-Cre bone marrow chimeras. Taken together, our data demonstrate that CIC deficiency at the beginning of T cell development endows peripheral CD4+ T cells with enhanced T cell activation and proliferative capability.

5.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 207-215, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835583

ABSTRACT

Background@#Diabetic neuropathic osteoarthropathy (DNOAP) is known as debilitating diabetes complications. The aim of study is to compare bone mineral density (BMD) among diabetic foot and DNOAP, and investigate the impact of BMD proceeded from diabetic foot to DNOAP. @*Methods@#A DNOAP group (subgroup A and subgroup B) and control group were examined for this study. Subgroup A (n=21) were patients diagnosed with DNOAP with the development of new foot and ankle fractures, whereas subgroup B (n=4) were patients being managed with the diabetic foot before a diagnosis of DNOAP. BMD was also evaluated before the diagnosis. Control group (n=30) was diabetic foot patients without DNOAP. The demographic data, clinical and radiologic data, comorbidities, and BMD were compared for each group. And optimal BMD score was reviewed to predict fractures in neuropathic arthropathy. @*Results@#BMD was significantly lower in DNOAP group (group A and B) compared with control group. Also neuropathic arthropathy group showed poor radiological results. After comparisons of 2 group lumbar and femur BMD was significantly different, but logistic regression analysis revealed that low femur T-score could be risk predictors of the condition. Base on the data of group B and control group, the cut-off point for predicting foot and ankle fracture-related with DNOAP was -1.65 of femur BMD. @*Conclusions@#Low BMD shows greater incidence in foot and ankle fracture patients associated with neuropathic arthropathy. A femur T score can be a risk predictor of diabetic neuropathic arthropathy for diabetic foot patients.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835400

ABSTRACT

Ureterosciatic hernia is extremely rare. In ureteral herniation, ureter prolapses occur through either the greater or lesser sciatic foramen. Atrophy of the piriformis muscle, hip joint diseases, and defects in the parietal pelvic fascia are predisposing factors for the development of ureterosciatic hernia. Most symptomatic patients have been treated surgically, with conservative treatment reserved only for asymptomatic patients. To the best of our knowledge, long-term follow-up outcomes after ureterosciatic hernia management are sparse. In this paper, we report the case of a 68-year-old woman who presented with colicky left abdominal pain. After computed tomography (CT) scan and anterograde pyelography, she was diagnosed ureterosciatic hernia with obstructive uropathy. We performed ureteral balloon dilatation and double-J ureteral stent placement. After this minimally invasive procedure, CT scan demonstrated that the left ureter had returned to its normal anatomical position without looping into the sciatic foramen. The patient remained asymptomatic with no adverse events 7 years after the minimally invasive procedures. This brief report describes ureterosciatic hernia successfully managed with minimally invasive procedures with long-term follow-up outcomes.

7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832925

ABSTRACT

We report the ultrasonographic and MRI findings of an infected sclerosing lipogranuloma after scrotal hernioplasty. Sclerosing lipogranuloma is a rare foreign-body reaction of fat tissue, with most cases being associated with the genital and urinary tracts. To the best of our knowledge, MRI findings in sclerosing lipogranuloma in the scrotal sac have not yet been published and this is possibly the first study to report the case of an infected sclerosing lipogranuloma in the English literature.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763112

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There was no practical guideline for the management of patients with central nervous system tumor in Korea in the past. Thus, the Korean Society for Neuro-Oncology (KSNO), a multidisciplinary academic society, developed the guideline for glioblastoma successfully and published it in Brain Tumor Research and Treatment, the official journal of KSNO, in April 2019. Recently, the KSNO guideline for World Health Organization (WHO) grade III cerebral glioma in adults has been established. METHODS: The Working Group was composed of 35 multidisciplinary medical experts in Korea. References were identified by searches in PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases using specific and sensitive keywords as well as combinations of keywords. Scope of the disease was confined to cerebral anaplastic astrocytoma and oligodendroglioma in adults. RESULTS: Whenever radiological feature suggests high grade glioma, maximal safe resection if feasible is globally recommended. After molecular and histological examinations, patients with anaplastic astrocytoma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant should be primary treated by standard brain radiotherapy and adjuvant temozolomide chemotherapy whereas those with anaplastic astrocytoma, NOS, and anaplastic astrocytoma, IDH-wildtype should be treated following the protocol for glioblastomas. In terms of anaplastic oligodendroglioma, IDH-mutant and 1p19q-codeletion, and anaplastic oligodendroglioma, NOS should be primary treated by standard brain radiotherapy and neoadjuvant or adjuvant PCV (procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine) combination chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: The KSNO's guideline recommends that WHO grade III cerebral glioma of adults should be treated by maximal safe resection if feasible, followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy according to molecular and histological features of tumors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Astrocytoma , Brain , Brain Neoplasms , Central Nervous System , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Korea , Lomustine , Oligodendroglioma , Radiotherapy , World Health Organization
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763111

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There was no practical guideline for the management of patients with central nervous system tumor in Korea for many years. Thus, the Korean Society for Neuro-Oncology (KSNO), a multidisciplinary academic society, has developed the guideline for glioblastoma. Subsequently, the KSNO guideline for World Health Organization (WHO) grade II cerebral glioma in adults is established. METHODS: The Working Group was composed of 35 multidisciplinary medical experts in Korea. References were identified by searching PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases using specific and sensitive keywords as well as combinations of keywords regarding diffuse astrocytoma and oligodendroglioma of brain in adults. RESULTS: Whenever radiological feature suggests lower grade glioma, the maximal safe resection if feasible is recommended globally. After molecular and histological examinations, patients with diffuse astrocytoma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-wildtype without molecular feature of glioblastoma should be primarily treated by standard brain radiotherapy and adjuvant temozolomide chemotherapy (Level III) while those with molecular feature of glioblastoma should be treated following the protocol for glioblastomas. In terms of patients with diffuse astrocytoma, IDH-mutant and oligodendroglioma (IDH-mutant and 1p19q codeletion), standard brain radiotherapy and adjuvant PCV (procarbazine+lomustine+vincristine) combination chemotherapy should be considered primarily for the high-risk group while observation with regular follow up should be considered for the low-risk group. CONCLUSION: The KSNO's guideline recommends that WHO grade II gliomas should be treated by maximal safe resection, if feasible, followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy according to molecular and histological features of tumors and clinical characteristics of patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Astrocytoma , Brain , Central Nervous System , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Follow-Up Studies , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Korea , Oligodendroglioma , Radiotherapy , World Health Organization
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761514

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to develop ‘Koreans Gut Quotient Measurement Scales (GQ)’, in which Koreans respond to questionnaires about the subjective feelings and symptoms of their intestinal health status. METHODS: Among 66 items pooled from previous studies and 4 items that were added following a focus group interview, 15 items were chosen using the Delphi survey. The content validity was evaluated using the content validity ratio. Data collected from 1,120 people from the general public in Korea were analyzed to verify the reliability and validity of GQ. RESULTS: The finalized GQ consisted of 17 items (including two exploratory measurement items) that were classified into three independent factors based on exploratory factor analysis (EFA): ‘perceived intestine discomfort’, ‘bowel movement discomfort’, and ‘bowel movement control discomfort’. The discriminant and convergent validity of GQ were identified using EFA, reliability test, and confirmatory factor analysis. In addition, the criterion-related validity of GQ was identified using correlation and multiple regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The GQ, which is a simplified intestinal health index developed based on an easy questionnaire for the public to understand, can be used as a tool for the public to evaluate their own intestinal health and determine when to visit clinics.


Subject(s)
Focus Groups , Intestines , Korea , Reproducibility of Results , Weights and Measures
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739672

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There has been no practical guidelines for the management of patients with central nervous system (CNS) tumors in Korea for many years. Thus, the Korean Society for Neuro-Oncology (KSNO), a multidisciplinary academic society, started to prepare guidelines for CNS tumors from February 2018. METHODS: The Working Group was composed of 35 multidisciplinary medical experts in Korea. References were identified through searches of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL using specific and sensitive keywords as well as combinations of keywords. RESULTS: First, the maximal safe resection if feasible is recommended. After the diagnosis of a glioblastoma with neurosurgical intervention, patients aged ≤70 years with good performance should be treated by concurrent chemoradiotherapy with temozolomide followed by adjuvant temozolomide chemotherapy (Stupp's protocol) or standard brain radiotherapy alone. However, those with poor performance should be treated by hypofractionated brain radiotherapy (preferred)±concurrent or adjuvant temozolomide, temozolomide alone (Level III), or supportive treatment. Alternatively, patients aged >70 years with good performance should be treated by hypofractionated brain radiotherapy+concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide or Stupp's protocol or hypofractionated brain radiotherapy alone, while those with poor performance should be treated by hypofractionated brain radiotherapy alone or temozolomide chemotherapy if the patient has methylated MGMT gene promoter (Level III), or supportive treatment. CONCLUSION: The KSNO's guideline recommends that glioblastomas should be treated by maximal safe resection, if feasible, followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy according to the individual comprehensive condition of the patient.


Subject(s)
Brain , Central Nervous System , Chemoradiotherapy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Glioblastoma , Humans , Korea , Radiotherapy
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787162

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to develop ‘Koreans Gut Quotient Measurement Scales (GQ)’, in which Koreans respond to questionnaires about the subjective feelings and symptoms of their intestinal health status.METHODS: Among 66 items pooled from previous studies and 4 items that were added following a focus group interview, 15 items were chosen using the Delphi survey. The content validity was evaluated using the content validity ratio. Data collected from 1,120 people from the general public in Korea were analyzed to verify the reliability and validity of GQ.RESULTS: The finalized GQ consisted of 17 items (including two exploratory measurement items) that were classified into three independent factors based on exploratory factor analysis (EFA): ‘perceived intestine discomfort’, ‘bowel movement discomfort’, and ‘bowel movement control discomfort’. The discriminant and convergent validity of GQ were identified using EFA, reliability test, and confirmatory factor analysis. In addition, the criterion-related validity of GQ was identified using correlation and multiple regression analysis.CONCLUSIONS: The GQ, which is a simplified intestinal health index developed based on an easy questionnaire for the public to understand, can be used as a tool for the public to evaluate their own intestinal health and determine when to visit clinics.


Subject(s)
Focus Groups , Intestines , Korea , Reproducibility of Results , Weights and Measures
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738419

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficiency of the electronic foot function index (eFFI) through a prospective, random based, multi-institutional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 227 patients ranging in age from 20 to 79 years, visited for surgery in different 15 institutes, and agreed to volunteer. The patients were assigned randomly into a paper-based evaluated group (n=113) and tablet-based evaluated group (n=114). The evaluation was done on the day of hospital admission and the method was changed on the second day of surgery and re-evaluated. PADAS 2.0 (https://www.proscore.kr) was used as an electronic evaluation program. RESULTS: There were no differences in age and sex in both groups. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) evaluation revealed an eFFI ICC of 0.924, showing that both results were similar. The evaluation time was shorter in the tablet-based group than the paper-based group (paper vs tablet, 3.7±3.8 vs 2.3±1.3 minutes). Thirty-nine patients (17.2%) preferred to use paper and 131 patients (57.7%) preferred the tablet. Fifty-seven patients (25.1%) found both ways to be acceptable. CONCLUSION: eFFI through tablet devices appears to be more constant than the paper-based program. In addition, it required a shorter amount of time and the patients tended to prefer the tablet-based program. Overall, tablet and cloud system can be beneficial to a clinical study.


Subject(s)
Academies and Institutes , Ankle , Clinical Study , Foot , Humans , Methods , Prospective Studies , Volunteers
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765015

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is known as the greatest risk factor affecting the amputation of diabetic foot. Thus, it is crucial to understand the epidemiology of PAD associated with diabetic foot and the relationship between PTA and amputation in predicting prognosis. However, no such multi-year data are available in Korea. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate trends of amputation involving diabetic foot based on vascular interventions for PAD in Korea. METHODS: This study was conducted using six-year data obtained from Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2016. Our study included data pertaining to diabetic foot, PAD, and vascular intervention codes (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty [PTA, M6597], percutaneous intravascular installation of stent-graft [PIISG, M6605], and percutaneous intravascular atherectomy [PIA, M6620]). We analyzed the number of vascular interventions and minor and major amputations each year. The relationship between annual amputation and vascular intervention was analyzed using χ² test. RESULTS: The overall number of vascular interventions increased from 253 (PTA, 111; PIISG, 140; and PIA, 2) in 2011 to 1,230 (PTA, 745; PIISG, 470; and PIA, 15) in 2016. During the same period, the number of minor amputations increased from 2,534 to 3,319 while major amputations decreased from 980 to 956. The proportion of minor amputations among patients who underwent vascular intervention was significantly increased from 19.34% in 2011 to 21.45% in 2016 while the proportion of major amputations among these patients was significantly reduced from 9.88% to 4.27%. In addition, the association between vascular intervention and amputation increased from 0.56 (spearman correlation coefficient) in 2011 to 0.62 in 2016. CONCLUSION: In diabetic foot patients, increase in vascular intervention resulted in a change in amputation pattern, showing statistically significant correlation.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Angioplasty , Atherectomy , Diabetic Foot , Epidemiology , Humans , Insurance, Health , Korea , Lower Extremity , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Prognosis , Risk Factors
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716782

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced skin injury is a dose-limiting complication of radiotherapy. To investigate this problem and to develop a framework for making decisions on treatment and dose prescription, a murine model of radiation-induced skin injury was developed. METHODS: The dorsal skin of the mice was isolated, and irradiation was applied at single doses of 15, 30, and 50 Gy. The mice were followed for 12 weeks with serial photography and laser Doppler analysis. Sequential skin biopsy samples were obtained and subjected to a histological analysis, immunostaining against transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), and Western blotting with Wnt-3 and β-catenin. Increases in the levels of TGF-β, Wnt, and β-catenin were detected after irradiation. RESULTS: All tested radiation doses caused progressive dermal thickening and fibrosis. The cause of this process, however, may not be radiation alone, as the natural course of wound healing may elicit a similar response. The latent appearance of molecular and histological markers that induce fibrosis in the 15 Gy group without causing apparent gross skin injuries indicates that 15 Gy is an appropriate dose for characterizing the effects of chronic irradiation alone. Thus, this model best mimics the patterns of injury that occur in human subjects. CONCLUSIONS: This animal model can be used to elucidate the gross and molecular changes that occur in radiation-induced skin injury and provides an effective platform for studying this adverse effect without complicating the process of wound healing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biopsy , Blotting, Western , Fibrosis , Humans , Mice , Models, Animal , Photography , Prescriptions , Radiotherapy , Skin , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Wound Healing
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715001

ABSTRACT

Scaffolds with cartilage-like environment and suitable physical properties are critical for tissue-engineered cartilage repair. In this study, decellularized porcine cartilage-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) was utilized to fabricate ECM scaffolds. Mechanically reinforced ECM scaffolds were developed by combining salt-leaching and crosslinking for cartilage repair. The developed scaffolds were investigated with respect to their physicochemical properties and their cartilage tissue formation ability. The mechanically reinforced ECM scaffold showed similar mechanical strength to that of synthetic PLGA scaffold and expressed higher levels of cartilage-specific markers compared to those expressed by the ECM scaffold prepared by simple freeze-drying. These results demonstrated that the physical properties of ECM-derived scaffolds could be influenced by fabrication method, which provides suitable environments for the growth of chondrocytes. By extension, this study suggests a promising approach of natural biomaterials in cartilage tissue engineering.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Cartilage , Chondrocytes , Extracellular Matrix , Methods , Tissue Engineering
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916688

ABSTRACT

Acute scrotal pain is a common clinical symptom of urinary system and there are various causes. Among them, thrombosis of testicular vein is rare, but one of the causes of acute scrotal pain. Thrombosis is a common disease that can occur anywhere in our body. But thrombosis of testicular vein has not been reported in Korea. We report a case of thrombosis of testicular vein in a 26-years-old man with acute scrotal pain.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739200

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the common infectious diseases in children. Several imaging modalities can be used to confirm the presence of acute pyelonephritis (APN). Among them the 99mTcdimercaptosuccinic acid renal scan (DMSA scan) is used as a gold standard for diagnosis. Ultrasonography technology is evolving. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the sensitivity and specificity of Power Doppler ultrasonography (PDU) compared to the results from the previous study. METHODS: There were 260 patients included in this study, aged between 1 and 12 months old. The patients were admitted to the Yeungnam University Medical Center between January 2008 and December 2015. All patients underwent both DMSA scan and PDU within 5days of admission. Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) was performed in 195 patients with abnormal DMSA scan or PDU. RESULTS: The diagnostic sensitivity of APN using PDU was 45.5% and specificity was 85.5% in 260 patients following detection of a defect on DMSA scan that was defined as APN. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of PDU for VUR were 65.5 % and 60.1%, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of DMSA scan for VUR were 95.7% and 14.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: PDU has a high specificity but low sensitivity, so there are limitations in using it to replace a DMSA scan for the diagnosis of APN in children. DMSA scan and PDU have different sensitivity and specificity in diagnosis of VUR, respectively. Therefore, we suggest that the sensitivity and specificity of each test can be helpful in diagnosing APN and VUR when used in conjunction.


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Child , Communicable Diseases , Diagnosis , Humans , Pyelonephritis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Succimer , Technetium Tc 99m Dimercaptosuccinic Acid , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Urinary Tract Infections , Vesico-Ureteral Reflux
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