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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926999

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Helicobacter pylori infection is presumably associated with iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between H. pylori infection and the decline in iron stores in non-elderly adults during their health check-ups. @*Methods@#We identified a total of 1,069 subjects who were tested for iron, ferritin, and total iron-binding capacity during their health check-ups, from January 2016 to May 2017. Of these, subjects who underwent endoscopy via rapid urease test and those aged 65 years or below were finally enrolled. @*Results@#Overall, 281 subjects were enrolled, and 187 patients (66.5%) tested positive for H. pylori. The mean age was 36.1 years (range, 22 to 65), and 176 subjects (62.6%) were male. The mean levels of hemoglobin (14.1 ± 1.7 g/dL vs. 14.6 ± 1.4 g/dL, p = 0.019) and ferritin (121.7 ± 106.9 ng/mL vs. 151.8 ± 107.8 ng/mL, p = 0.027) in the H. pylori-positive group were significantly lower than those in the H. pylori-negative group. Iron deficiency (ferritin < 30 ng/mL) was more common in patients with H. pylori infection (p = 0.002). There was no significant difference in anemia (hemoglobin < 13 g/dL in men, < 12 g/dL in women) or IDA (anemia, ferritin < 10 ng/mL, and transferrin saturation < 16%) with H. pylori. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that female sex (odds ratio, 197.559; 95% confidence interval, 26.461 to 1,475.015) and H. pylori infection (odds ratio, 3.033; 95% confidence interval, 1.216 to 7.567) were factors associated with iron deficiency. @*Conclusions@#H. pylori infection is associated with iron deficiency, suggesting a decline in iron stores among infected non-elderly adults.

2.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 302-310, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926893

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study’s aim is to verify the longitudinal effect of depressive symptoms on all-cause mortality depending on the age group. @*Methods@#The Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging’s data from 2006 to 2016 were assessed using longitudinal data analysis, and 10,145 participants (age [mean±standard deviation], 61.7±11.1 years; males, 4,426 [43.6%]; females, 5,719 [56.4%]; middle-aged adults, 6,036 [59.5%]; older adults, 4,109 [40.5%]) were included at baseline. The chi-square test, log-rank test, factor analysis, and Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and mortality. To verify that which feelings and behaviors are associated with mortality, factor analysis was used to Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale and it was divided into two factors: negative and positive affects. @*Results@#The hazard ratio (HR) of all-cause mortality for the Q1 (high) of the negative affect factor was higher than the Q3 (low) of this factor (HR, 1.489; 95% confidence interval, 1.284–1.728). Additionally, the association between negative affect and all-cause mortality was stronger in middle-aged adults than older adults. @*Conclusion@#The study provided evidence of the longitudinal effect of depressive symptoms on all-cause mortality regardless of age. However, middle-aged adults could be more sensitive to negative feelings and behaviors than older adults.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925911

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hospital visitation has become challenging during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic because of quarantine measures and fear of infection. Consequently, newly diagnosed patients may present with more severe diseases during the pandemic. The present study analyzed the differences in the initial clinical presentations of newly diagnosed patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), comparing pre-pandemic and pandemic periods. @*Methods@#Newly diagnosed patients with T1D or T2D and aged < 18 years during 2018–2020 were included in the study. Data were collected retrospectively from four academic centers in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. Initial clinical data were compared between the pre-pandemic (2018–2019) and pandemic (2020) periods. @*Results@#In the pre-pandemic and pandemic periods, 99 patients (41 T1D and 58 T2D patients) and 84 patients (51 T1D and 33 T2D patients) were identified, respectively. During the pandemic, the proportion of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) cases increased compared to the pre-pandemic period (21.2% during 2018–2019 vs. 38.1% in 2020; P = 0.012). In the prepandemic and pandemic periods, initial pH was 7.32 ± 0.14 and 7.27 ± 0.15, respectively (P = 0.040), and HbA1c values were 11.18 ± 2.46% and 12.42 ± 2.87%, respectively (P = 0.002). During the pandemic, there was an increased risk of DKA in patients with T1D (odds ratio, 2.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.04–5.62; P = 0.040). @*Conclusion@#During the pandemic, the proportion of DKA in newly diagnosed patients with T1D increased and clinical parameters showed a deteriorating pattern. Increased awareness of pediatric diabetes, especially DKA, could facilitate visit to the hospital for an early diagnosis; thus, reducing the number of DKA cases during the pandemic era.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925472

ABSTRACT

The Committee on Pediatric Bone Health of the Korean Society of Pediatric Endocrinology has newly developed evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for optimizing bone health in Korean children and adolescents. These guidelines present recommendations based on the Grading of Recommendations, which includes the quality of evidence. In the absence of sufficient evidence, conclusions were based on expert opinion. These guidelines include processes of bone acquisition, definition, and evaluation of low bone mineral density (BMD), causes of osteoporosis, methods for optimizing bone health, and pharmacological treatments for enhancing BMD in children and adolescents. While these guidelines provide current evidence-based recommendations, further research is required to strengthen these guidelines.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925192

ABSTRACT

Transvenous endovascular treatment is the first choice for treating most cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas (CDAVFs). Among several available venous routes, the inferior petrosal sinus is the most commonly used. We report a case of CDAVF treated with endovascular treatment via the middle temporal vein (MTV). A 65-year-old man presented with unilateral chemosis and exophthalmos for approximately two months. Digital subtraction angiography showed a right CDAVF with predominant venous drainage toward the right superior ophthalmic vein. The superior ophthalmic vein primarily drained into the dilated MTV. Both sides of the inferior petrosal sinus were occluded; therefore, transvenous embolization was performed via the MTV route. The fistula was completely obliterated. The patient’s symptoms improved and the postoperative course was uneventful. The transfemoral approach via the MTV to treat CDAVF provides a crucial alternative when other venous routes are difficult or impossible to navigate with a catheter.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924932

ABSTRACT

Background@#Discontinuing growth hormone (GH) treatment during the transition to adulthood has been associated with adverse health outcomes in patients with childhood-onset growth hormone deficiency (CO-GHD). This study investigated the metabolic changes associated with interrupting GH treatment in adolescents with CO-GHD during the transition period. @*Methods@#This study included 187 patients with CO-GHD who were confirmed to have adult GHD and were treated at six academic centers in Korea. Data on clinical parameters, including anthropometric measurements, metabolic profiles, and bone mineral density (BMD) at the end of childhood GH treatment, were collected at the time of re-evaluation for GHD and 1 year after treatment resumption. @*Results@#Most patients (n=182, 97.3%) had organic GHD. The median age at treatment discontinuation and re-evaluation was 15.6 and 18.7 years, respectively. The median duration of treatment interruption was 2.8 years. During treatment discontinuation, body mass index Z-scores and total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, and non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels increased, whereas fasting glucose levels decreased. One year after GH treatment resumption, fasting glucose levels, HDL cholesterol levels, and femoral neck BMD increased significantly. Longer GH interruption (>2 years, 60.4%) resulted in worse lipid profiles at re-evaluation. The duration of interruption was positively correlated with fasting glucose and non-HDL cholesterol levels after adjusting for covariates. @*Conclusion@#GH treatment interruption during the transition period resulted in worse metabolic parameters, and a longer interruption period was correlated with poorer outcomes. GH treatment should be resumed early in patients with CO-GHD during the transition period.

7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 344-351, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875578

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Metabolic syndrome (MetS) comprises a cluster of risk factors for future cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Only a few recent studies have reported the trend in the prevalence of MetS in youth. This study aimed to analyze trends in the prevalence of MetS and nutrient intake in the last 10 years and investigate the changes in MetS components among Korean children and adolescents. @*Materials and Methods@#We analyzed the data of 9513 children and adolescents aged 10–19 years from the 2008–2017 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Diagnosis of MetS was based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and modified National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) criteria. @*Results@#Based on the IDF criteria, MetS prevalence increased from 1.53% in 2008 to 3.19% in 2017 (p=0.007). Based on the NCEPATP III criteria, MetS prevalence increased from 2.18% in 2008 to 3.19% in 2017; however, the increase was not statistically significant. Daily calorie and fat intakes increased significantly during the study period. Among the risk factors that MetS comprises, the prevalence rates of central obesity, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and high fasting glucose levels increased significantly. @*Conclusion@#Over the last 10 years, the prevalence of MetS has grown significantly with increasing calorie and fat intake in Korean children and adolescents. Central obesity and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and fasting glucose levels have worsened.Therefore, active support and close monitoring are required to control MetS and prevent further increase in the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875418

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) alone therapy is as effective as mesalamine in inducing and maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis (UC). The efficacy and safety of EcN in combination with standard therapies have not been studied.This study examined the changes in the inflammation markers and symptoms following the additional administration of EcN to patients showing the clinical remission of UC. @*Methods@#UC patients who received EcN after being in clinical remission for more than 3 months at Kosin University Gospel Hospital between 2013 and 2018 were evaluated through the retrospective medical-record-based review. The partial Mayo score, fecal calprotectin (FC), BMI, hemoglobin, serum cholesterol, serum albumin levels, and the safety profiles were examined at 3rd and 6th months after initiating EcN. @*Results@#Ninety-four patients were included. After 3 months of treatment, there was no significant change in FC (156.3 μg/g to 141.1 μg/g) (p=0.653). On the other hand, partial Mayo score decreased significantly from 0.085 to 0.014 (p=0.025), and the bodyweight (p=0.001), BMI (p<0.001), hemoglobin (p=0.009), and cholesterol level increased (p=0.148). One patient (1.1%) experienced a serious adverse event with UC flare-up, and 14 patients (14.9%) discontinued EcN due to adverse events; all developed within 3 months. @*Conclusions@#Additional administration of EcN to clinically remission-attained UC patients may improve the UC symptoms without changing the FC levels. EcN-associated adverse events develop within the early few weeks.

9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893350

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We explored the therapeutic effects of a 0.03% tacrolimus ointment (Protopic) on steroid-resistant phlyctenular keratitis in children. @*Methods@#We enrolled seven eyes of five children with recurrent phlyctenular keratitis despite 3 months of steroid treatment. The topical steroids were tapered and the patients treated with a combination of 0.03% tacrolimus and 0.3% ofloxacin ointment. The logarithm of minimal angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity, corneal neovascularization status, and changes in corneal opacity between the baseline and final visit were checked on anterior photographs using Image J software. @*Results@#The average patient age was 6.8 ± 3.0 years (range, 3-9 years) and the treatment duration 8.0 ± 2.0 days (range, 5-10 days). The baseline logMAR visual acuity was 0.42 ± 0.32 and the final value 0.19 ± 0.22. Visual acuity thus improved significantly after treatment (p = 0.026). Corneal neovascularization and phylctenulosis improved in all seven eyes; the fibrotic corneal opacity decreased in two eyes. @*Conclusions@#Topical 0.03% tacrolimus ointment may usefully treat steroid-resistant phlyctenular keratitis of childhood.

10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893341

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate changes in the retinal layer thickness in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and intraocular foreign body (IOFB) patients undergoing successful pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with silicone oil tamponade. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 28 eyes of 28 patients (RRD: 24 patients; IOFB: 4 patients) that were successfully repaired with PPV with silicone oil tamponade. The thickness measurements of the total retina, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) were performed with swept-source optical coherence tomography in nine Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study subfields, using the wide three-dimensional mode before and after silicone oil tamponade removal. The measurements were compared and differences were analyzed with respect to normal fellow eyes. @*Results@#The RNFL and GC-IPL thickness measurements decreased remarkably as the silicone oil tamponade period progressed, compared with the thickness of the total retinal layer. The average thicknesses of the total retina, RNFL, and GC-IPL were significantly greater in eyes in which the silicone oil had been removed than in those in which the silicone oil remained. @*Conclusions@#Silicone oil tamponade can change the thickness of the retina layer. The longer the silicone oil is tamponaded, the more significant the reduction in thickness of the inner retinal layer.

11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893161

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of pediatric obesity has increased over the past several decades worldwide and in Korea. Childhood obesity has become a serious social problem.Current Concepts: Diagnosis of obesity is based on body mass index (BMI) in children and adolescents aged ≥2 years. Overweight and obese are defined as BMI ≥85th percentile to <95th percentile and BMI ≥95th percentile, respectively, corresponding to sex and age. Obesity is further classified as Class I (BMI ≥95th percentile to <120% of 95th percentile), Class II (BMI ≥120% of 95th percentile to <140% of 95th percentile), and Class III (BMI ≥140% of 95th percentile). Waist circumference and waist-height ratio are used to evaluate abdominal obesity. Pediatric obesity can cause childhood comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and hypertension. Adult obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and other adult comorbidities, together with increased medical costs are additional consequences of pediatric obesity.Discussion and Conclusion: Prevention, diagnosis, and proper management of pediatric obesity are important.

12.
Intestinal Research ; : 341-348, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891116

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Minor complications that might occur after colonoscopy, including abdominal discomfort, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation, could a barrier for patients to undergo a screening colonoscopy. In this study, we aimed to identify the effect of gut microbial diversity and composition on minor complications after colonoscopy. @*Methods@#A total of 24 healthy subjects provided their stools before bowel preparation and on the 7th and 28th day after colonoscopy. On the 7th day after colonoscopy, the presence of minor complications was investigated using a questionnaire. We divided patients into 2 groups, the no complication group and complications group. The fecal microbial diversity, distribution, and composition were then compared between the groups. @*Results@#Five of the 24 subjects reported that they had undergone minor complications after colonoscopy. Most of the symptoms were mild and self-limited, but 1 patient needed medication. Interestingly, the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio of the initial stool samples before bowel preparation in the complication group was significantly higher than that in no complication group. After bowel preparation, the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio of the complication group decreased, but not in the no complication group. The microbial diversity of the no complication group decreased after bowel preparation, but not in the complication group. @*Conclusions@#The gut microbial composition and diversity before and after bowel preparation could be considered as one of the causes of minor complications after colonoscopy. Further studies are needed to delineate the role of gut microbiota in the occurrence of minor complications after colonoscopy.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903488

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#. The aim of this study was to evaluate biaxial flexural strength and hardness of colored monolithic zirconia after dipping in different time intervals of coloring solution. @*Materials and Methods@#. Disk shaped specimens were prepared from monolithic zirconia (Eclipse V2.0, AMS, Gimpo, Korea). Four experimental groups were categorized (n = 12) due to coloring time (PU (0s); ST (8s); OV (1 min); PS (preshade)), to evaluate biaxial flexural strength and Vickers hardness. After fracture, X-ray diffraction analysis was performed using fractured specimens. Results were analyzed with one-way ANOVA test. @*Results@#. There was no significant difference between groups in the biaxial flexural strength test. However, in the Vickers hardness test, the group with standard dipping time (ST) showed significantly higher value than the group without dipping in coloring liquid (PU)(P=.038).Also, there was no significant difference in the rest of the groups (P>.05). As a result of X-ray diffraction analysis, specific peaks of tetragonal phase were shown and the volume of monoclinic phase fraction was lower than 25%. @*Conclusion@#. Although this study has several limitations, coloring liquids had no significant effect on biaxial flexural strength. Vickers hardness was significantly different between the group to which the coloring liquid was applied and the group to which the coloring solution was not applied, but there was no significant difference between the other groups. Also, the flexural strength of monolithic zirconia corresponds to Class 5 of the minimal flexural strength standard according to the use of dental ceramics.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903485

ABSTRACT

A patient failed to use conventional complete dentures due to severe mandibular bone resorption and soft tissue hyperplasia on lips, tongue and oral vestibule from vascular malformation. The treatment of choice would be an implant-retained overdenture, however, he refused owing to high cost. The closed mouth impression technique using BPS principle, CR record registration with gothic arch tracing and monoplane occlusion using non-anatomic teeth were used to fabricate complete dentures for this patient. Patient satisfaction, the retention and the stability of complete dentures were highly improved as a result.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903453

ABSTRACT

Type 1 diabetes requires lifelong insulin therapy because insulin-secretion capability is diminished. Glycemic control and glucose monitoring are important to prevent type 1 diabetes complications. Diabetes technologies have developed rapidly; continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) are now common and greatly aid glycemic control, especially in children and adolescents. The National Health Insurance Service has provided partial reimbursements for both CGM and CSII devices since 2019 and 2020, respectively; the devices are thus expected to become more popular. CGM reduces the frequency of hypoglycemia and the level of glycated hemoglobin. CSII affords more precise glycemic control than multi-dose insulin therapy. CSII showed reduced frequency of hypoglycemia and improved metabolic outcome without an increase in the body mass index z-score. Technological advancement of combined CGM and CSII will eventually serve as an artificial pancreas. The National Health Insurance Service should fund not only the devices but also education of patients and caregivers. In addition, healthcare providers must be continuously updated on new diabetes technologies.

16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901054

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We explored the therapeutic effects of a 0.03% tacrolimus ointment (Protopic) on steroid-resistant phlyctenular keratitis in children. @*Methods@#We enrolled seven eyes of five children with recurrent phlyctenular keratitis despite 3 months of steroid treatment. The topical steroids were tapered and the patients treated with a combination of 0.03% tacrolimus and 0.3% ofloxacin ointment. The logarithm of minimal angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity, corneal neovascularization status, and changes in corneal opacity between the baseline and final visit were checked on anterior photographs using Image J software. @*Results@#The average patient age was 6.8 ± 3.0 years (range, 3-9 years) and the treatment duration 8.0 ± 2.0 days (range, 5-10 days). The baseline logMAR visual acuity was 0.42 ± 0.32 and the final value 0.19 ± 0.22. Visual acuity thus improved significantly after treatment (p = 0.026). Corneal neovascularization and phylctenulosis improved in all seven eyes; the fibrotic corneal opacity decreased in two eyes. @*Conclusions@#Topical 0.03% tacrolimus ointment may usefully treat steroid-resistant phlyctenular keratitis of childhood.

17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901045

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate changes in the retinal layer thickness in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and intraocular foreign body (IOFB) patients undergoing successful pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with silicone oil tamponade. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 28 eyes of 28 patients (RRD: 24 patients; IOFB: 4 patients) that were successfully repaired with PPV with silicone oil tamponade. The thickness measurements of the total retina, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) were performed with swept-source optical coherence tomography in nine Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study subfields, using the wide three-dimensional mode before and after silicone oil tamponade removal. The measurements were compared and differences were analyzed with respect to normal fellow eyes. @*Results@#The RNFL and GC-IPL thickness measurements decreased remarkably as the silicone oil tamponade period progressed, compared with the thickness of the total retinal layer. The average thicknesses of the total retina, RNFL, and GC-IPL were significantly greater in eyes in which the silicone oil had been removed than in those in which the silicone oil remained. @*Conclusions@#Silicone oil tamponade can change the thickness of the retina layer. The longer the silicone oil is tamponaded, the more significant the reduction in thickness of the inner retinal layer.

18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900865

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of pediatric obesity has increased over the past several decades worldwide and in Korea. Childhood obesity has become a serious social problem.Current Concepts: Diagnosis of obesity is based on body mass index (BMI) in children and adolescents aged ≥2 years. Overweight and obese are defined as BMI ≥85th percentile to <95th percentile and BMI ≥95th percentile, respectively, corresponding to sex and age. Obesity is further classified as Class I (BMI ≥95th percentile to <120% of 95th percentile), Class II (BMI ≥120% of 95th percentile to <140% of 95th percentile), and Class III (BMI ≥140% of 95th percentile). Waist circumference and waist-height ratio are used to evaluate abdominal obesity. Pediatric obesity can cause childhood comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and hypertension. Adult obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and other adult comorbidities, together with increased medical costs are additional consequences of pediatric obesity.Discussion and Conclusion: Prevention, diagnosis, and proper management of pediatric obesity are important.

19.
Intestinal Research ; : 341-348, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898820

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Minor complications that might occur after colonoscopy, including abdominal discomfort, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation, could a barrier for patients to undergo a screening colonoscopy. In this study, we aimed to identify the effect of gut microbial diversity and composition on minor complications after colonoscopy. @*Methods@#A total of 24 healthy subjects provided their stools before bowel preparation and on the 7th and 28th day after colonoscopy. On the 7th day after colonoscopy, the presence of minor complications was investigated using a questionnaire. We divided patients into 2 groups, the no complication group and complications group. The fecal microbial diversity, distribution, and composition were then compared between the groups. @*Results@#Five of the 24 subjects reported that they had undergone minor complications after colonoscopy. Most of the symptoms were mild and self-limited, but 1 patient needed medication. Interestingly, the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio of the initial stool samples before bowel preparation in the complication group was significantly higher than that in no complication group. After bowel preparation, the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio of the complication group decreased, but not in the no complication group. The microbial diversity of the no complication group decreased after bowel preparation, but not in the complication group. @*Conclusions@#The gut microbial composition and diversity before and after bowel preparation could be considered as one of the causes of minor complications after colonoscopy. Further studies are needed to delineate the role of gut microbiota in the occurrence of minor complications after colonoscopy.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898503

ABSTRACT

Background@#With the recent aging of the population, the transition to a disease structure centered on chronic diseases is accelerating. Moreover, the socio-economic gap and the polarization of the health gap between regions further increase the burden of disease on the country. Accordingly, this study calculated the disease cost of hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, which are the three major chronic diseases, to establish an effective health promotion policy strategy for each region, and analyzed the gap in disease cost within the region to determine health determinants at the individual as well as the regional level. @*Methods@#This study utilized data from the 2015 sample cohort of the National Health Insurance Service and calculated the disease cost of patients (diabetes: I10–I15, hypertension: E10–E14, hyperlipidemia: E78) based on the main diagnosis. @*Results@#Based on our analysis, the case of medical use in cities and provinces was higher than in metropolitan cities, with relatively small medical use in Seoul and Gangwon-do. In terms of the disease cost, the cost of chronic diseases in Seoul and Jeju was the highest, but the difference in disease cost between patients in each region was the largest in Seoul and Gangwon-do. @*Conclusion@#The results of this study provide meaningful data for implementing efficient health promotion policies by analyzing the differences in disease cost and identifying health determinants in different regions. Furthermore, in Korea, where socioeconomic differences are clearly revealed, it can be used as a basis for preparing a strategic plan, from a long-term perspective, to improve the health of patients with chronic diseases in the future.

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