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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897995

ABSTRACT

Background@#We hypothesized in this study that the characteristics of retear cases vary according to surgeon volume and that surgical outcomes differ between primary and revision arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (revisional ARCR). @*Methods@#Surgeons performing more than 12 rotator cuff repairs (RCRs) per year were defined as high-volume surgeons, and those performing fewer than 12 RCRs were considered low-volume surgeons. Of the 47 patients who underwent revisional ARCR at our clinic enrolled in this study, 21 cases were treated by high-volume surgeons and 26 cases by low-volume surgeons. In all cases, the interval betweenprimary surgery and revisional ARCR, degree of “acromial scuffing,” number of anchors, RCR technique, retear pattern, fatty infiltration,retear size, operating time, and clinical outcome were recorded. @*Results@#During primary surgery, significantly more lateral anchors (p=0.004) were used, and the rate of use of the double-row repair technique was significantly higher (p<0.001) in the high- versus low-volume surgeon group. Moreover, the “cut-through pattern” was observedsignificantly more frequently among the cases treated by high- versus low-volume surgeons (p=0.008). The clinical outcomes after revisional ARCR were not different between the two groups. @*Conclusions@#Double-row repair during primary surgery and the cut-through pattern during revisional ARCR were more frequent in thehigh- versus low-volume surgeon groups. However, no differences in retear site or size, fatty infiltration grade, or outcomes were observedbetween the groups.

2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919971

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study analyzed the bone mineral densities of the lumbar vertebrae and femurs of patients with ankle fractures to determine the correlation between ankle fractures and osteoporosis. @*Materials and Methods@#From April 2002 to July 2014, one hundred consecutive ankle fracture patients with bone mineral density tests performed within post-traumatic one year were enrolled. The patients were divided into three age groups according to their age at the time of injury (group 1: <50, group 2: 50–69, group 3: ≥70). The types of ankle fractures were classified into unimalleolar, bimalleolar and trimalleolar fractures. The bone mineral density was analyzed using the T score, Z score, absolute value (g/cm 2 ) of the lumbar spine (L1–L4), femur neck, femur intertrochanter, and total femur. @*Results@#There were 3.2 times more females with ankle fractures than males, and the prevalence of osteoporosis according to age group was 0% in the group under 50 years, 24.2% in the 50 to 69-year-old group, and 15% in the group over 70 years. Osteoporosis was found in 30% of patients with a trimalleolar fracture in the 50 to 69-year-old group. In all patient groups, a lower age indicated a higher frequency of unimalleolar fractures. The relationship between the bone mineral density and the type of fracture is that the frequency of trimalleolar fracture increased with decreasing T score of the lumbar vertebrae and the absolute value of bone mineral density (g/cm 2 ) and the Z score of the femur neck, but there were no other indicators. @*Conclusion@#Among the 100 patients with ankle fractures, females were more common than males, because osteoporosis was less severe in males. The incidence of unimalleolar fracture was higher than that of trimalleolar fracture. On the other hand, the correlation between the ankle fractures and the bone mineral density of the femur and lumbar spine was not significant.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890291

ABSTRACT

Background@#We hypothesized in this study that the characteristics of retear cases vary according to surgeon volume and that surgical outcomes differ between primary and revision arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (revisional ARCR). @*Methods@#Surgeons performing more than 12 rotator cuff repairs (RCRs) per year were defined as high-volume surgeons, and those performing fewer than 12 RCRs were considered low-volume surgeons. Of the 47 patients who underwent revisional ARCR at our clinic enrolled in this study, 21 cases were treated by high-volume surgeons and 26 cases by low-volume surgeons. In all cases, the interval betweenprimary surgery and revisional ARCR, degree of “acromial scuffing,” number of anchors, RCR technique, retear pattern, fatty infiltration,retear size, operating time, and clinical outcome were recorded. @*Results@#During primary surgery, significantly more lateral anchors (p=0.004) were used, and the rate of use of the double-row repair technique was significantly higher (p<0.001) in the high- versus low-volume surgeon group. Moreover, the “cut-through pattern” was observedsignificantly more frequently among the cases treated by high- versus low-volume surgeons (p=0.008). The clinical outcomes after revisional ARCR were not different between the two groups. @*Conclusions@#Double-row repair during primary surgery and the cut-through pattern during revisional ARCR were more frequent in thehigh- versus low-volume surgeon groups. However, no differences in retear site or size, fatty infiltration grade, or outcomes were observedbetween the groups.

4.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 485-494, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763779

ABSTRACT

Vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 13B (VPS13B), also known as COH1, is one of the VPS13 family members which is involved in transmembrane transport, Golgi integrity, and neuritogenesis. Mutations in the VPS13B gene are associated with Cohen syndrome and other cognitive disorders such as intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the patho-physiology of VPS13B-associated cognitive deficits is unclear, in part, due to the lack of animal models. Here, we generated a Vps13b exon 2 deletion mutant mouse and analyzed the behavioral phenotypes. We found that Vps13b mutant mice showed reduced activity in open field test and significantly shorter latency to fall in the rotarod test, suggesting that the mutants have motor deficits. In addition, we found that Vps13b mutant mice showed deficits in spatial learning in the hidden platform version of the Morris water maze. The Vps13b mutant mice were normal in other behaviors such as anxiety-like behaviors, working memory and social behaviors. Our results suggest that Vps13b mutant mice may recapitulate key clinical symptoms in Cohen syndrome such as intellectual disability and hypotonia. Vps13b mutant mice may serve as a useful model to investigate the pathophysiology of VPS13B-associated disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Cognition Disorders , Exons , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Learning Disabilities , Memory, Short-Term , Mice , Models, Animal , Muscle Hypotonia , Phenotype , Rotarod Performance Test , Social Behavior , Spatial Learning , Water
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758932

ABSTRACT

Porphyromonas species are closely associated with companion animal periodontitis which is one of the most common diseases in dogs and cats and leads to serious systemic diseases if left untreated. In this study, we evaluated the antimicrobial effects and mode of action of sodium tripolyphosphate (polyP3, Na5P3O10), a food additive with proven safety, using three pathogenic Porphyromonas species. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of polyP3 against Porphyromonas gulae, Porphyromonas cansulci, and Porphyromonas cangingivalis were between 500 and 750 mg/L. PolyP3 significantly decreased viable planktonic cells as well as bacterial biofilm formation, even at sub-MIC concentrations. PolyP3 caused bacterial membrane disruption and this effect was most prominent in P. cangingivalis, which was demonstrated by measuring the amount of nucleotide leakage from the cells. To further investigate the mode of action of polyP3, high-throughput whole-transcriptome sequencing was performed using P. gulae. Approximately 30% of the total genes of P. gulae were differentially expressed by polyP3 (> 4-fold, adjusted p value < 0.01). PolyP3 influenced the expression of the P. gulae genes related to the biosynthesis of thiamine, ubiquinone, and peptidoglycan. Collectively, polyP3 has excellent antibacterial effects against pathogenic Porphyromonas species and can be a promising agent to control oral pathogenic bacteria in companion animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria , Biofilms , Cats , Dogs , Food Additives , Friends , Humans , Membranes , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Peptidoglycan , Periodontitis , Pets , Plankton , Porphyromonas , Sodium , Thiamine , Ubiquinone
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786661

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Certain pitching mechanics is thought to lead pitchers in danger of surgical risk and decrease performance. The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of shoulder hyperabduction position during early cocking phase in association with surgical risk and performance in professional baseball players.METHODS: From 2009 to 2013, total of 93 candidates reached minimum inning qualification. After exclusion criteria (overlapped players, foreign players, age over 31 years, proceed to other league and retirement), 19 players were analyzed with slow-motion pitching video for hyperabduction of the shoulder and hyperpronation of forearm in cocking-phase. Also players were analyzed with innings pitched, earned run average (ERA), walks and hits divided by innings pitched (WHIP) and surgical history with database offered by official Korean Baseball Organization website.RESULTS: Out of total 19 players, nine players had hyperabduction arm movement and 10 players did not. Group with hyperabduction had average age of 24.3 years old, average inning/ERA/WHIP for 5 years were 55 innings/yr, 6.52 ERA/yr and 1.33 WHIP/yr, respectively, and seven players (77%) had surgeries eventually. Group without hyperabduction arm movement had average age of 25.4 years old; average inning, ERA/WHIP for 5 years were 127 1/3 innings/yr, 4.84 ERA/yr, and 1.32 WHIP/yr, respectively and five players (50%) went for surgeries. Player performance (ERA, p=0.66; WHIP, p=0.14) was not statistically influenced by the certain arm position at cocking phase but average inning pitched was statistically affected (p<0.01).CONCLUSION: Hyperabduction of shoulder in early cocking phase of throwing motion does not lead to decrease in performance (ERA, WHIP) but will result in tremendous decline of average IP. Also, risk of surgery is not associated to hyperabduction motion of the shoulder.


Subject(s)
Arm , Baseball , Forearm , Mechanics , Shoulder
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742245

ABSTRACT

Rodents are important reservoirs of diseases affecting people and livestock, and are major sources of parasite contamination of agricultural products. We surveyed the infection status of intestinal helminths in 2 species of field mice, Apodemus agrarius and A. peninsulae, captured in the agricultural fields of Gangwon-do and Chungcheongnam-do, Korea. Total 83 mice (57 A. agrarius and 26 A. peninsulae) were collected in 2 surveyed areas, and the intestines of each mouse were opened with scissors, and then intestinal contents were examined with microscope. Total 6 species of intestinal helminth were detected in 61 (73.5%) out of 83 mice examined. Four species of nematode, i.e., Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, Aspiculuris tetraptera, Heterakis spp. and ascarid, were found in 40 (48.2%), 14 (16.9%), 11 (13.3%) and 13 (15.7%) mice respectively. One species of cestode, Hymenolepis diminuta and 1 unidentified egg were also detected in the intestines of 14 (16.9%) and 1 (1.2%) mice, respectively. Conclusively, this study identified 5 helminth species in the gastrointestinal tracts of wild rodents captured in some areas in central and northern Korea, and N. brasiliensis was the most prevalent (dominant) species rather than zoonotic ones.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cestoda , Gastrointestinal Contents , Gastrointestinal Tract , Helminths , Hymenolepis diminuta , Intestines , Korea , Livestock , Mice , Murinae , Nippostrongylus , Ovum , Parasites , Rodentia
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770801

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although there have been multiple reports on surgical outcomes of superior labral anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions in overhead athletes, only a few reports exist in the literature about the results of nonoperative treatment in elite (collegiate or professional) overhead athletes. To determine the clinical outcomes of nonoperative treatment of SLAP lesions in elite overhead athletes. METHODS: Between January 2006 and December 2011, 69 patients were selected. Initial arthroscopic SLAP repair was performed in 19 patients and of the 50 patients who underwent nonsurgical treatment, such as range of motion gain and periscapular muscle strengthening, 14 patients were converted to surgical treatment; 5 patients were lost to follow-up. Medical records of 31 elite overhead athletes who underwent nonsurgical treatment were retrospectively reviewed. Four clinical outcome measures were used: visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, VAS for satisfaction, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and subjective feeling of recovery. RESULTS: The average follow-up period was 35.9 months (range, 24–62 months). The VAS for pain decreased from 6.5 to 2.2 (p<0.01) and VAS for satisfaction was 7.6. The ASES score increased from 54.1 to 85.9 (p<0.01). The overall average value of subjective feeling of recovery was 72%. Twenty-three out of 31 elite athletes (74.2%) returned to play after rehabilitation; these 23 athletes performed at the same or higher levels after rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS: Nonsurgical treatment in elite overhead athletes with SLAP lesion should be considered as a treatment option.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Elbow , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lost to Follow-Up , Medical Records , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Range of Motion, Articular , Rehabilitation , Retrospective Studies , Return to Sport , Shoulder , Surgeons , Tears
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168697

ABSTRACT

Fasciola hepatica is a trematode that causes zoonosis, mainly in cattle and sheep, and occasionally in humans. Few recent studies have determined the infection status of this fluke in Korea. In August 2015, we collected 402 samples of freshwater snails at Hoenggye-ri (upper stream) and Suha-ri (lower stream) of Song-cheon (stream) in Daegwalnyeong-myeon, Pyeongchang-gun in Gangwon-do (Province) near many large cattle or sheep farms. F. hepatica infection was determined using PCR on the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS-2). Among the 402 samples, F. hepatica 1TS-2 marker was detected in 6 freshwater snails; thus, the overall prevalence in freshwater snails was 1.5%. The prevalence varied between collection areas, ranging from 0.0% at Hoenggye-ri to 2.9% at Suha-ri. However, F. gigantica ITS-2 was not detected in the 6 F. hepatica-positive samples by PCR. The nucleotide sequences of the 6 F. hepatica ITS-2 PCR-positive samples were 99.4% identical to the F. hepatica ITS-2 sequences in GenBank, whereas they were 98.4% similar to F. gigantica ITS-2 sequences. These results indicated that the prevalence of F. hepatica in snail intermediate hosts was 1.5% in Gangwon-do, Korea; however the prevalence varied between collection areas. These results may help us to understand F. hepatica infection status in natural environments.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Animals , Base Sequence , Cattle , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Fasciola hepatica , Fasciola , Fresh Water , Humans , Korea , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Ranunculaceae , Sheep , Snails , Trematoda
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202505

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although there have been multiple reports on surgical outcomes of superior labral anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions in overhead athletes, only a few reports exist in the literature about the results of nonoperative treatment in elite (collegiate or professional) overhead athletes. To determine the clinical outcomes of nonoperative treatment of SLAP lesions in elite overhead athletes. METHODS: Between January 2006 and December 2011, 69 patients were selected. Initial arthroscopic SLAP repair was performed in 19 patients and of the 50 patients who underwent nonsurgical treatment, such as range of motion gain and periscapular muscle strengthening, 14 patients were converted to surgical treatment; 5 patients were lost to follow-up. Medical records of 31 elite overhead athletes who underwent nonsurgical treatment were retrospectively reviewed. Four clinical outcome measures were used: visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, VAS for satisfaction, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and subjective feeling of recovery. RESULTS: The average follow-up period was 35.9 months (range, 24–62 months). The VAS for pain decreased from 6.5 to 2.2 (p<0.01) and VAS for satisfaction was 7.6. The ASES score increased from 54.1 to 85.9 (p<0.01). The overall average value of subjective feeling of recovery was 72%. Twenty-three out of 31 elite athletes (74.2%) returned to play after rehabilitation; these 23 athletes performed at the same or higher levels after rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS: Nonsurgical treatment in elite overhead athletes with SLAP lesion should be considered as a treatment option.

11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66967

ABSTRACT

A rare gastric mucosal lesion characterized by Russell body-containing plasma cell infiltration is termed as Russell body gastritis. This lesion is highly suggested to be correlated with Helicobacter pylori-induced chronic gastritis, and often misdiagnosed as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, signet ring cell carcinoma, plasmacytoma, or xanthoma. However, Russell body gastritis is easily discriminated by its polyclonal immunoreaction to immunoglobulin light chains contrary to monoclonal immunoreaction of neoplastic disease. We report here a case of Russell body gastritis associated with H. pylori infection, which disappeared after H. pylori eradication.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Gastritis , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Plasma Cells , Plasmacytoma , Stomach , Xanthomatosis
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-655107

ABSTRACT

Stiffness and pain are major causes of failed superior labral anterior to posterior (SLAP) repair. The term, ‘failed SLAP repair’, can be defined as stiffness or pain without rotator cuff tears, acromio-clavicular pathology, arthritis, impingement syndrome, and other shoulder diseases. Moreover, it does not respond to conservative management. Generally, for failed SLAP repair, the initial conservative management includes physical therapy, strengthening exercise, oral medications, and injections. In addition, with failed conservative treatment, surgical intervention can be carried out. Surgical indications must be in consideration with patients' age, mechanism of injury, stability of the lesion, activity, former history of sports activity, and types of sports. Surgical treatments include debridement, SLAP repair, biceps tenodesis and tenotomy. However, each type of surgical method is controversial on both indications and prognosis. Surgical treatment on SLAP lesion is increasing, and studies on failed SLAP repair are expanding. The recommended first line therapy for failed SLAP lesion is conservative management, and with limited and thorough indications, surgical treatment yields good results, depending on concurrent lesions. However, authors recommend that it is important to seek for adjacent lesions prior to the initial SLAP repair to decrease failed SLAP repair.


Subject(s)
Arthritis , Debridement , Methods , Pathology , Problem Solving , Prognosis , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder , Sports , Tears , Tenodesis , Tenotomy
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16099

ABSTRACT

IL-12 and IL-23 are closely related in structure, and have been shown to play crucial roles in regulation of immune responses. However, little is known about the regulation of these cytokines in T cells. Here, we investigated the roles of PI3K and MAPK pathways in IL-12 and IL-23 production in human Jurkat T cells in response to Toxoplasma gondii and LPS. IL-12 and IL-23 production was significantly increased in T cells after stimulation with T. gondii or LPS. T. gondii and LPS increased the phosphorylation of AKT, ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, and JNK1/2 in T cells from 10 min post-stimulation, and peaked at 30–60 min. Inhibition of the PI3K pathway reduced IL-12 and IL-23 production in T. gondii-infected cells, but increased in LPS-stimulated cells. IL-12 and IL-23 production was significantly reduced by ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK inhibitors in T. gondii- and LPS-stimulated cells, but not in cells treated with a JNK1/2 inhibitor. Collectively, IL-12 and IL-23 production was positively regulated by PI3K and JNK1/2 in T. gondii-infected Jurkat cells, but negatively regulated in LPS-stimulated cells. And ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK positively regulated IL-12 and IL-23 production in Jurkat T cells. These data indicate that T. gondii and LPS induced IL-12 and IL-23 production in Jurkat T cells through the regulation of the PI3K and MAPK pathways; however, the mechanism underlying the stimulation of IL-12 and IL-23 production by T. gondii in Jurkat T cells is different from that of LPS.


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Humans , Interleukin-12 , Interleukin-23 , Jurkat Cells , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Phosphorylation , T-Lymphocytes , Toxoplasma
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770764

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of suction drain use following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair by comparing early pain score and range of motion (ROM) between groups with and without suction drains. METHODS: The study included 153 patients with rotator cuff tears who underwent arthroscopic repairs at our clinic from April 2014 to March 2015. Following surgery, a suction drain was used in 85 patients (group D) and not used in 68 patients (group ND). There was no statistical difference between the groups in terms of age, gender, or total operation time. The clinical outcome with regard to pain (assessed by pain scores and analgesic requests) and passive ROM was assessed preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: Immediate postoperative analgesic requirement was significantly higher in group D (p=0.001), although there was no difference in pain outcomes between the groups during the 3-month follow-up period. A statistically significant difference in passive ROM was observed at the postoperative 2- and 6-week follow-ups (p=0.036, 0.035, and 0.034 in forward elevation (FE), external rotation at the side (ER) and 90 ER at weeks 2, respectively; 0.045 and 0.009 in FE and ER at weeks 6, respectively); however no significant difference was observed at the end of 3 months. During the study period, no complication was reported in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Use of suction drains after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair provided little benefit in terms of ROM or pain in the early postoperative period (up to 3 months).


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Postoperative Period , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder , Suction , Tears
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89539

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the humeral tunnel characters and clinical relevance according to entry point of the humeral tunnel in the baseball players. It was hypothesized that the medial collateral ligament (MCL) reconstruction with nonanatomical starting location of the humeral tunnel (inferior edge of the medial epicondyle: group NA) provided less favorable radiological and clinical outcomes compared to that with anatomical starting location (original footprint of the MCL: group A). The retrospective case review yielded 19 consecutive athletes who underwent isolated MCL reconstruction using the docking technique. Three dimensional-computed tomography scan was performed at 3 months, and the iso-surfacing by marching cubes algorithm were applied to evaluate the length and angle of humeral tunnel. Three outcome measures were used in this study: the visual analog scale for pain, range of motion and the Conway scale. The angle of the humeral tunnel was measured 12.2° (range, 7.9°–25.2°) in the group NA and 15.5° (range, 9.8°–30.4°) in the group A (p<0.05). The mean length of humeral tunnel is measured 16.3 mm (range, 11.7–20.1 mm) in the group NA and 15.2 mm (range, 10.3–19.1 mm) in the group A (p<0.05). MCL reconstruction brought substantial improvement in pain and function. However, between-group comparison revealed no statistical differences in all outcome measurements. The MCL reconstruction using the docking technique provided favorable clinical outcomes in baseball players. Although the humeral tunnel angle and length were different depending on the humeral entry points, clinical differences between the two entry points were not found.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Baseball , Collateral Ligaments , Humans , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Visual Analog Scale
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-216523

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of suction drain use following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair by comparing early pain score and range of motion (ROM) between groups with and without suction drains. METHODS: The study included 153 patients with rotator cuff tears who underwent arthroscopic repairs at our clinic from April 2014 to March 2015. Following surgery, a suction drain was used in 85 patients (group D) and not used in 68 patients (group ND). There was no statistical difference between the groups in terms of age, gender, or total operation time. The clinical outcome with regard to pain (assessed by pain scores and analgesic requests) and passive ROM was assessed preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: Immediate postoperative analgesic requirement was significantly higher in group D (p=0.001), although there was no difference in pain outcomes between the groups during the 3-month follow-up period. A statistically significant difference in passive ROM was observed at the postoperative 2- and 6-week follow-ups (p=0.036, 0.035, and 0.034 in forward elevation (FE), external rotation at the side (ER) and 90 ER at weeks 2, respectively; 0.045 and 0.009 in FE and ER at weeks 6, respectively); however no significant difference was observed at the end of 3 months. During the study period, no complication was reported in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Use of suction drains after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair provided little benefit in terms of ROM or pain in the early postoperative period (up to 3 months).


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Postoperative Period , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder , Suction , Tears
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770879

ABSTRACT

The most common cardiac cause of massive hemoptysis is mitral stenosis. Mitral regurgitation is rarely complicated by massive hemoptysis. A 48-year-old man with no significant medical history was admitted to our hospital with hemoptysis and production of 500 mL of blood within 24 hours. A pan-systolic murmur was found on chest examination. A chest computed tomography showed airspace consolidation in the right upper and middle lobes, with faint bilateral ground glass opacity. Echocardiography revealed mitral valve prolapse and grade IV mitral regurgitation. The patient was diagnosed with sporadic primary mitral valve prolapse. After mitral valve repair surgery, the patient recovered fully.


Subject(s)
Echocardiography , Glass , Hemoptysis , Humans , Middle Aged , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Mitral Valve Prolapse , Mitral Valve Stenosis , Mitral Valve , Thorax
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96075

ABSTRACT

The most common cardiac cause of massive hemoptysis is mitral stenosis. Mitral regurgitation is rarely complicated by massive hemoptysis. A 48-year-old man with no significant medical history was admitted to our hospital with hemoptysis and production of 500 mL of blood within 24 hours. A pan-systolic murmur was found on chest examination. A chest computed tomography showed airspace consolidation in the right upper and middle lobes, with faint bilateral ground glass opacity. Echocardiography revealed mitral valve prolapse and grade IV mitral regurgitation. The patient was diagnosed with sporadic primary mitral valve prolapse. After mitral valve repair surgery, the patient recovered fully.


Subject(s)
Echocardiography , Glass , Hemoptysis , Humans , Middle Aged , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Mitral Valve Prolapse , Mitral Valve Stenosis , Mitral Valve , Thorax
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83893

ABSTRACT

Bee stings can cause severe adverse reactions. There have been no cases of acute lung injury induced by bee sting acupuncture. We report a case of a 52-year-old male who required high flow oxygen therapy because of acute lung injury by bee sting acupuncture. The patient had been treated with live bee sting acupuncture by himself for knee pain. After self-injections of live bee sting, he immediately presented with generalized urticaria that remitted within 3 hours after taking an oral antihistamine. Ten days later, he visited our emergency department due to dyspnea and dizziness. He was diagnosed with acute lung injury by bee sting acupuncture based upon a history of symptom onset after exposure to the allergen and clinical test results. This case emphasizes that practitioners should consider potential risks of delayed-onset adverse reactions induced by bee sting acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acute Lung Injury , Bee Venoms , Bees , Bites and Stings , Dizziness , Dyspnea , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Knee , Male , Middle Aged , Oxygen , Urticaria
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-206790

ABSTRACT

Scrotal calcinosis is a relatively common tumor of the male genitalia but there is controversy in the literature regarding its pathogenesis. The authors of many case reports debate whether the lesions are truly idiopathic or if they arise from other conditions. Only few cases of scrotal calcinosis have been proven to have an eccrine origin so far. Herein, we report a case of scrotal calcinosis originating from a milium-like syringoma in a male Korean patient.


Subject(s)
Calcinosis , Genitalia, Male , Humans , Male , Scrotum , Syringoma
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