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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915751

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a clinically heterogeneous syndrome characterized by compromised peristalsis and intestinal obstruction. Variants of actin gamma 2 (ACTG2), a protein crucial for correct enteric muscle contraction, have been found in CIPO patients. The aim of this study is to examine the clinical features and ACTG2 variants in Korean patients with CIPO. @*Methods@#From January 1995 to August 2020, 12 patients diagnosed with CIPO were included and genetic analysis testing of ACTG2 was performed. @*Results@#Heterozygous ACTG2 missense variants were found in 6 patients (50.0%). The p.Arg257Cys variant was found in 3 patients, and p.Arg63Gln and p.Arg178His variants were found in 1 patient each. A novel variant, p.Ile193Phe, was found in 1 patient. Three patients were diagnosed at birth, 2 at the age of 1 year, and 1 at 3 years of age. Abnormal prenatal genitourinary ultrasonographic findings were found in all 6 patients; microcolon was found in 4 patients (66.7%), and megacystis in all 6 patients. The pathology showed abnormal ganglion cells as well as myopathic findings. All patients are dependent on total parenteral nutrition and are to date alive. @*Conclusions@#ACTG2 variants are commonly found in Korean patients with CIPO. In CIPO patients with megacystis and abnormal prenatal ultrasonography, genetic testing of ACTG2 should be considered. Molecular diagnosis of CIPO is more important than pathologic diagnosis.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903589

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome comprises diseases resulting from a deficiency of proteins involved in mtDNA synthesis. MPV17 is a mitochondrial membrane protein whose mutation causes mitochondrial deoxynucleotide insufficiency.MPV17-related hepatocerebral mtDNA depletion syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease. This case report describes the clinical manifestations of MPV17-related hepatocerebral mtDNA depletion syndrome analyzed by performing whole-exome sequencing (WES). A 17-month-old girl presented with developmental delay, jaundice, and failure to thrive. The laboratory findings revealed cholestatic hepatitis, increased lactate-to-pyruvate ratio, and prolongation of the prothrombin time. She developed a hypoglycemic seizure. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed extensive demyelination of the white matter. WES detected the p.Leu151fs and p.Pro98Leu variants in MPV17. Her parents and sibling were found to be MPV17 heterozygous carriers. She was administered supportive treatment, such as replacement of fat-soluble vitamins and cornstarch to prevent further hypoglycemic events. The patient is currently being considered for liver transplantation. Overall, WES can help diagnose hepatocerebral mtDNA depletion syndrome in patients with hepatopathy, developmental delay, lactic acidosis, and hypomyelination based on brain magnetic resonance imaging.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895885

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome comprises diseases resulting from a deficiency of proteins involved in mtDNA synthesis. MPV17 is a mitochondrial membrane protein whose mutation causes mitochondrial deoxynucleotide insufficiency.MPV17-related hepatocerebral mtDNA depletion syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease. This case report describes the clinical manifestations of MPV17-related hepatocerebral mtDNA depletion syndrome analyzed by performing whole-exome sequencing (WES). A 17-month-old girl presented with developmental delay, jaundice, and failure to thrive. The laboratory findings revealed cholestatic hepatitis, increased lactate-to-pyruvate ratio, and prolongation of the prothrombin time. She developed a hypoglycemic seizure. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed extensive demyelination of the white matter. WES detected the p.Leu151fs and p.Pro98Leu variants in MPV17. Her parents and sibling were found to be MPV17 heterozygous carriers. She was administered supportive treatment, such as replacement of fat-soluble vitamins and cornstarch to prevent further hypoglycemic events. The patient is currently being considered for liver transplantation. Overall, WES can help diagnose hepatocerebral mtDNA depletion syndrome in patients with hepatopathy, developmental delay, lactic acidosis, and hypomyelination based on brain magnetic resonance imaging.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918960

ABSTRACT

Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a neurovisceral lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the NPC1 and NPC2 genes. These mutations cause the accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and other lipids in the lysosomes. NPC has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, depending on the age of onset. A 15-day-old infant presented at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital with neonatal cholestasis and hepatosplenomegaly, with the onset of jaundice at 5 days of age. Despite supportive treatment, the patient was considered for a liver transplant because of progressive liver failure. Unfortunately, the patient died from gastrointestinal bleeding before undergoing the transplant. The neonatal cholestasis gene panel revealed two novel likely pathogenic variants in the NPC1 gene (c.1145C>G [p.Ser382*] and c.2231_2233del [p.Val744del]). The patient was diagnosed with NPC, and both parents were found to be carriers of each variant. In infants presenting with neonatal cholestasis, a gene panel can help diagnose NPC.

5.
Gut and Liver ; : 142-145, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874568

ABSTRACT

Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in the aldolase B gene. HFI patients exhibit nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, hypoglycemia, and elevated liver enzymes after dietary fructose exposure. Chronic exposure might lead to failure to thrive, liver failure, renal failure, and, eventually, death. HFI usually manifests in infants when they are being weaned off of breastmilk. Because HFI has an excellent prognosis when patients maintain a strict restrictive diet, some patients remain undiagnosed due to the voluntary avoidance of sweet foods. In the past, HFI was diagnosed using a fructose tolerance test, liver enzyme assays or intestinal biopsy specimens. Currently, HFI is diagnosed through the analysis of aldolase B mutations. Here, HFI was diagnosed in a 41-year-old woman who complained of sweating, nausea, and vomiting after consuming sweets. She had a compound heterozygous mutation in the aldolase B gene; gene analysis revealed pathogenic nonsense (c.178C>T, p.Arg60Ter) and frameshift (c.360_363delCAAA, p.Asn120LysfsTer32) variants. This is the first report of a Korean HFI patient diagnosed in adulthood.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899781

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Glycogen storage disease (GSD) is an inherited disorder leading to abnormal glucose metabolism and glycogen accumulation, and is associated with various complications including hepatic adenoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors for hepatic adenoma and its malignant change, and the hepatocellular carcinoma-free survival rate in patients with GSD who developed adenoma.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with GSD who were enrolled from March 1982 to September 2013 at Seoul National University Children's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the median follow-up period was 19.2 years.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-two patients (44.4%) developed hepatic adenoma at an age range of 7.9–26.3 years (median, 14.3 years). Among the 32 patients with hepatic adenoma, 4 patients (12.5%) developed hepatocellular carcinoma on an average interval of 6.7 years between the diagnosis of adenoma and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. GSD type I and portacaval shunt operation were found to be the risk factors for hepatic adenoma development. The hepatocellular carcinoma-free survival rate at 10 years from adenoma development was 82%.@*CONCLUSION@#The present study found that portacaval shunt operation increases the risk of development of hepatic adenoma in GSD patients, especially in GSD type I. The hepatic adenoma in GSD patients has a potential of malignant transformation, which should be keep in mind in follow-up process of the disease.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892077

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Glycogen storage disease (GSD) is an inherited disorder leading to abnormal glucose metabolism and glycogen accumulation, and is associated with various complications including hepatic adenoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors for hepatic adenoma and its malignant change, and the hepatocellular carcinoma-free survival rate in patients with GSD who developed adenoma.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with GSD who were enrolled from March 1982 to September 2013 at Seoul National University Children's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the median follow-up period was 19.2 years.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-two patients (44.4%) developed hepatic adenoma at an age range of 7.9–26.3 years (median, 14.3 years). Among the 32 patients with hepatic adenoma, 4 patients (12.5%) developed hepatocellular carcinoma on an average interval of 6.7 years between the diagnosis of adenoma and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. GSD type I and portacaval shunt operation were found to be the risk factors for hepatic adenoma development. The hepatocellular carcinoma-free survival rate at 10 years from adenoma development was 82%.@*CONCLUSION@#The present study found that portacaval shunt operation increases the risk of development of hepatic adenoma in GSD patients, especially in GSD type I. The hepatic adenoma in GSD patients has a potential of malignant transformation, which should be keep in mind in follow-up process of the disease.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811412

ABSTRACT

Giant cell hepatitis with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA) is a rare disease of infancy characterized by the presence of both Coombs-positive hemolytic anemia and progressive liver disease with giant cell transformation of hepatocytes. Here, we report a case involving a seven-month-old male infant who presented with AHA followed by cholestatic hepatitis. The clinical features included jaundice, pallor, and red urine. Physical examination showed generalized icterus and splenomegaly. The laboratory findings suggested warm-type AHA with cholestatic hepatitis. Liver biopsy revealed giant cell transformation of hepatocytes and moderate lobular inflammation. The patient was successfully treated with four doses of rituximab. Early relapse of hemolytic anemia and hepatitis was observed, which prompted the use of an additional salvage dose of rituximab. He is currently in clinical remission.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Biopsy , Giant Cells , Hepatitis , Hepatocytes , Humans , Infant , Inflammation , Jaundice , Liver , Liver Diseases , Male , Pallor , Physical Examination , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Rituximab , Splenomegaly
9.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834137

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) ranges in severity from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis. Early detection of NAFLD is important for preventing the disease from progressing to become an irreversible end-stage liver disease. We developed a nomogram that allows for non-invasive screening for NAFLD in obese children. @*Methods@#Anthropometric and laboratory data of 180 patients from our pediatric obesity clinic were collected. Diagnoses of NAFLD were based on abdominal ultrasonographic findings. The nomogram was constructed using predictors from a multivariate analysis of NAFLD risk factors. @*Results@#The subjects were divided into non-NAFLD (n=67) and NAFLD groups (n=113). Factors, including sex, body mass index, abdominal circumference, blood pressure, insulin resistance, and levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γGT), uric acid, triglycerides, and insulin, were significantly different between the two groups (all p<0.05) as determined using homeostatis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). In our multivariate logistic regression analysis, elevated serum ALT, γGT, and triglyceride levels were significantly related to NAFLD development. The nomogram was established using γGT, uric acid, triglycerides, HOMA-IR, and ALT as predictors of NAFLD probability. @*Conclusion@#The newly developed nomogram may help predict NAFLD risk in obese children. The nomogram may also allow for early NAFLD diagnosis without the need for invasive liver biopsy or expensive liver imaging, and may also allow clinicians to intervene early to prevent the progression of NAFLD to become a more advanced liver disease.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831622

ABSTRACT

Consumptive hypothyroidism is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by excessive inactivation of the thyroid hormones due to increased type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase activity of tumors. We report the case of severe consumptive hypothyroidism in a 1-month-old boy with infantile hepatic hemangiomas who presented with cardiac failure and cholestasis. Diffuse infiltration of hepatic hemangiomas was detected on abdominal imaging studies, and thyroid function screening test revealed severe hypothyroidism, which necessitated the administration of higher-than-usual doses of levothyroxine for the normalization of thyroid function. The patient was successfully treated with propranolol, prednisolone, and levothyroxine, and he showed normal thyroid function at 3 months of age and normal neurodevelopment at 9 months of age. This case highlights the importance of early recognition and prompt management of consumptive hypothyroidism in patients with infantile hepatic hemangiomas.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765002

ABSTRACT

D-penicillamine has been reported to cause antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis presenting as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis or pulmonary-renal syndrome mostly in adults. We report a pediatric case of D-penicillamine induced ANCA-associated vasculitis that manifests as a pulmonary-renal syndrome with a mild renal manifestation. A 13-year-old girl who has been taking D-penicillamine for five years under the diagnosis of Wilson disease visited the emergency room because of hemoptysis and dyspnea. She had diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage, microscopic hematuria, and proteinuria. Myeloperoxidase ANCA was positive, and a renal biopsy revealed pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis. Under the diagnosis of D-penicillamine-induced ANCA-associated vasculitis, D-penicillamine was switched to trientine, and the patient was treated with plasmapheresis, glucocorticoid, cyclophosphamide, and mycophenolate mofetil. Pulmonary hemorrhage improved rapidly followed by the disappearance of the hematuria and proteinuria five months later.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Biopsy , Child , Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Emergency Service, Hospital , Female , Glomerulonephritis , Hematuria , Hemoptysis , Hemorrhage , Hepatolenticular Degeneration , Humans , Penicillamine , Peroxidase , Plasmapheresis , Proteinuria , Trientine , Vasculitis
13.
Immune Network ; : e32-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764028

ABSTRACT

Pellino-1 is a ubiquitin (Ub) E3 ligase that plays a role in M1, but not M2a polarization of macrophages. However, it is unknown whether Pellino-1 regulates IL-10-mediated M2c polarization of macrophages. Here, we found that Pellino-1 attenuated tumor growth by inhibiting M2c polarization of macrophages. Upon IL-10 stimulation, Pellino-1-deificient bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) showed higher expression of M2c markers, but not M2a, and M2b markers than wild-type (WT) BMDMs, indicating that Pellino-1 inhibits M2c polarization of macrophages. Pellino-1-deficient BMDMs exhibited a defect in mitochondria respiration, but enhancement of glycolysis during M2c polarization. During M2c polarization of macrophages, Pellino-1 increased STAT1 phosphorylation via K63-linked ubiquitination of IL-1 receptor associated kinase 1 (IRAK1). Furthermore, Lysm-CrePellino-1(fl/fl) mice showed enhancement of tumor growth via regulating M2c polarization of tumor-associated macrophages. These results demonstrate that Pellino-1 inhibits IL-10-induced M2c macrophage polarization via K63-linked ubiquitination of IRAK1 and activation of STAT1, thereby inhibiting tumor growth in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Glycolysis , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-10 , Macrophages , Mice , Mitochondria , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Respiration , Ubiquitin , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Ubiquitination
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760892

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in children. The global prevalence of pediatric NAFLD from general populations is 7.6%. In obese children, the prevalence is higher in Asia. NAFLD has a strong heritable component based on ethnic difference in the prevalence and clustering within families. Genetic polymorphisms of patatin-like phospholipase domain–containing protein 3 (PNPLA3), transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2, and glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) are associated with the risk of NAFLD in children. Variants of PNPLA3 and GCKR are more common in Asians. Alterations of the gut microbiome might contribute to the pathogenesis of NAFLD. High fructose intake increases the risk of NAFLD. Liver fibrosis is a poor prognostic factor for disease progression to cirrhosis. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy and magnetic resonance proton density fat fraction are more accurate for steatosis quantification than ultrasound. Noninvasive imaging methods to assess liver fibrosis, such as transient elastography, shear-wave elastography, and magnetic resonance elastography are useful in predicting advanced fibrosis, but they need further validation. Longitudinal follow-up studies into adulthood are needed to better understand the natural history of pediatric NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Asia , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Child , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Epidemiology , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Fructose , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Genetics , Glucokinase , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Microbiota , Natural History , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Phospholipases , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prevalence , Protons , Ultrasonography
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760879

ABSTRACT

Pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) a fistulous connection between the pancreas and pleural space due to prolonged chronic pancreatitis (CP). PPF is a very rare complication which presents in 0.4% of chronic pancreatitis cases, especially among children. We report a case involving a 3-year-old boy who presented with pleural effusion caused by a PPF, a complication of hereditary pancreatitis, which was, for the first time in Korea, successfully managed with endoscopic treatment. Chest radiography and computed tomography showed massive pleural effusion. Percutaneous catheter drainage was performed. High amylase levels were observed in the pleural fluid and serum, suggesting PPF. The patient was managed with bowel rest and octreotide infusion. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed CP, and pleural effusion was successfully managed with stent placement. PRSS1 genetic screening revealed R122H mutation.


Subject(s)
Amylases , Catheters , Child , Child, Preschool , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Drainage , Fistula , Genetic Testing , Humans , Korea , Male , Octreotide , Pancreas , Pancreatic Fistula , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Chronic , Pleural Effusion , Radiography , Stents , Thorax
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760861

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) is directly related to growth and has a high probability of requiring surgical intervention(s); therefore, more active treatment for CD is required for children. This study investigated the impact of biologics on growth and disease course associated with surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study involving patients diagnosed with CD at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital (Seoul, Korea) between January 2006 and October 2017. The aim was to determine the characteristics of pediatric patients with CD and whether biologics affected growth and the surgical disease course. RESULTS: Among patients who underwent surgery for CD, the mean number of operations per patient was 1.89. The mean time from initial diagnosis to surgery was 19.3 months. The most common procedure was fistulectomy (34%), followed by incision and drainage (25%). In all patients, the use of biologics increased the height (p=0.002) and body mass index (BMI) (p=0.005). Among patients who underwent surgery, height (p=0.004) and BMI (p=0.048) were increased in the group using biologics. Patients who used biologics exhibited a low operation rate only within 2 years after diagnosis, with no differences thereafter (p=0.027). CONCLUSION: Although biologics could not mitigate the operation rate in pediatric patients who underwent surgery for CD, biological therapy delayed disease progression within 2 years of disease onset. Additionally, biologics conferred growth and BMI benefits in this window period. Therefore, it may be helpful to use biologics for optimal growth in pediatric patients with a high probability of undergoing future surgery.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Biological Therapy , Body Mass Index , Child , Cohort Studies , Crohn Disease , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Drainage , Humans , Infliximab , Retrospective Studies , Seoul
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741841

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency is a condition widespread throughout the world. Recent studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency was associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents. METHODS: The data were obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008–2014. A total of 3,878 adolescents were included in the study. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as a 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration 30 U/L. RESULTS: Vitamin D deficiency was noted in 78.9% of the studied population. Age, body mass index, waist circumference, and blood pressure, glucose, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels were significantly higher in adolescents with suspected NAFLD than in adolescents without suspected NAFLD, while the mean vitamin D level was significantly lower in adolescents with suspected NAFLD. The multivariate-adjusted odds of suspected NAFLD were higher with increased age, male gender, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Individuals with vitamin D deficiency were at higher risk of suspected NAFLD (odds ratio, 1.77; 95% confidence interval, 1.07–2.95) after adjusting for age, gender, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency was associated with suspected NAFLD, independent of obesity and metabolic syndrome, in adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Alanine Transaminase , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Child , Cholesterol , Glucose , Humans , Male , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity , Triglycerides , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Waist Circumference
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741823

ABSTRACT

Benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC), a rare cause of cholestasis, is characterized by recurrent episodes of cholestasis without permanent liver damage. BRIC type 2 (BRIC2) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by ABCB11 mutations. A 6-year-old girl had recurrent episodes of jaundice. At two months of age, jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly developed. Liver function tests showed cholestatic hepatitis. A liver biopsy revealed diffuse giant cell transformation, bile duct paucity, intracytoplasmic cholestasis, and periportal fibrosis. An ABCB11 gene study revealed novel compound heterozygous mutations, including c.2075+3A>G in IVS17 and p.R1221K. Liver function test results were normal at 12 months of age. At six years of age, steatorrhea, jaundice, and pruritus developed. Liver function tests improved following administration of phenylbutyrate and rifampicin. Her younger brother developed jaundice at two months of age and his genetic tests revealed the same mutations as his sister. This is the first report of BRIC2 confirmed by ABCB11 mutations in Korean siblings.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Biopsy , Child , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Female , Fibrosis , Giant Cells , Hepatitis , Humans , Jaundice , Liver , Liver Function Tests , Pruritus , Rifampin , Siblings , Steatorrhea
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764908

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the long-term efficacy of entecavir (ETV) and lamivudine (LAM) therapy in children with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) who had not received nucleoside analogue treatment. METHODS: In this multicenter, retrospective study, we included pediatric CHB patients younger than 20 years who received ETV or LAM treatment for at least 12 months and had no concomitant diseases. All of the patients were followed up every 1 to 3 months. At each visit, the patients underwent clinical evaluation and biochemical testing. RESULTS: Eight (53.3%), 14 (93.3%), and 2 (15.4%) of the ETV-treated patients achieved virologic suppression, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) normalization and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion, respectively, at 1 year. In the ETV group, the cumulative rate of virologic suppression at 3 years was 91.7%, which was significantly higher than that in the LAM group (P < 0.001). The mean duration of treatment before virologic suppression was shorter in the ETV group than in the LAM group (P = 0.040). The cumulative rate of seroconversion in the ETV group at 3 years was 39.4%, which was not significantly different from that in the LAM group (P = 0.439). The ETV group showed lower cumulate rates of virologic breakthrough (33.3% at 6 years) and genotypic mutation than the LAM group (P = 0.033 and P = 0.011, respectively). CONCLUSION: ETV is superior to LAM in pediatric CHB treatment because of its higher virologic suppression rate and lower cumulative rates of virologic breakthrough and genotypic mutation.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Child , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , Lamivudine , Retrospective Studies , Seroconversion
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose was to compare the efficacy between tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and lamivudine (LMV) in children with nucleos(t)ide-naive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. Patients with CHB were treated with TDF in the immune-reactive phase and compared with a historical control group of patients treated with LMV before the TDF era. METHODS: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA titer decrements (> 3 log₁₀ IU/mL) were monitored after treatment initiation. The treatment duration for HBV DNA clearance ( 3 log₁₀ IU/mL) was achieved in 100% (16/16) of the TDF group but in only 62.5% (15/24) of the LMV group (P = 0.005) at 48 weeks. The HBV DNA clearance (< 357 IU/mL) in the TDF and LMV groups was, respectively, as follows: 62.5% (10/16) and 25.0% (6/24) at 12 weeks (P = 0.018), 81.3% (13/16) and 37.5% (9/24) at 24 weeks (P = 0.006), 93.8% (15/16) and 50.0% (12/24) at 48 weeks (P = 0.004), and 100% (16/16) and 54.2% (13/24) at 96 weeks (P = 0.001). Complete response occurred in 41.7% (5/12) of HBeAg-positive patients in the TDF group and 28.6% (6/21) of the LMV group at 96 weeks (P = 0.443). CONCLUSION: TDF monotherapy for 96 weeks produced a significantly more effective virologic response than LMV monotherapy in children with nucleos(t)ide-naive CHB.


Subject(s)
Child , DNA , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , Lamivudine , Tenofovir
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